Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 63
Filter
1.
Gut and Liver ; : 806-813, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000413

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The use of a self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) is recommended for unresectable malignant biliary obstruction (MBO). Stent-related adverse events might differ according to the position of the stent through the ampulla of Vater (AOV). We retrospectively evaluated SEMS patency and adverse events according to the position of the SEMS. @*Methods@#In total, 280 patients who underwent endoscopic SEMS placement due to malignant distal biliary obstruction were analyzed retrospectively. Suprapapillary and transpapillary SEMS insertions were performed on 51 patients and 229 patients, respectively. @*Results@#Between the suprapapillary group (SPG) and transpapillary group (TPG), the stent patency period was not significantly different (median [95% confidence interval]: 107 days [82.3 to 131.7] vs 120 days [99.3 to 140.7], p=0.559). There was also no significant difference in the rate of adverse events. In subgroup analysis, the stent patency for an MBO located within 2 cm from the AOV was found to be significantly shorter than that for an MBO located more than 2 cm from the AOV in the SPG (64 days [0 to 160.4] vs 127 days [82.0 to 171.9], p<0.001) and TPG (87 days [52.5 to 121.5] vs 130 [97.0 to 162.9], p<0.001). Patients with an MBO located within 2 cm from the AOV in both groups had a higher percentage of duodenal invasion (SPG: 40.0% vs 4.9%, p=0.002; TPG: 28.6% vs 2.9%, p<0.001) than patients with an MBO located more than 2 cm from the AOV. @*Conclusions@#The SPG and TPG showed similar results in terms of stent patency and rate of adverse events. However, patients with an MBO located within 2 cm from the AOV had a higher percentage of duodenal invasion with shorter stent patency than those with an MBO located more than 2 cm from the AOV, regardless of stent position.

2.
Gut and Liver ; : 475-481, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000390

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#This study aimed to investigate the patterns of preferred endoscopic procedure types and techniques for managing difficult common bile duct (CBD) stones in South Korea. @*Methods@#The Committee of Policy and Quality Management of Korean Pancreatobiliary Association (KPBA) conducted a survey containing 19 questions. Both paper and online surveys were carried out; with the paper survey being conducted during the 2019 Annual Congress of KPBA and the online survey being conducted through Google Forms from April 2020 to February 2021. @*Results@#The response rate was approximately 41.3% (86/208). Sixty-two (73.0%) worked at tertiary hospitals or academic medical centers, and 60 (69.7%) had more than 5 years of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography experience. The preferred size criteria for large CBD stones were 15 mm (40.6%), 20 mm (31.3%), and 30 mm (4.6%). For managing of large CBD stones, endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation after endoscopic sphincterotomy was the most preferred technique (74.4%). When performing procedures in those with bleeding diathesis, 64 (74.4%) respondents favored endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) alone or EPBD with small endoscopic sphincterotomy. Fifty-five respondents (63.9%) preferred the doubleguidewire technique when faced with difficult bile duct cannulation in patients with periampullary diverticulum. In surgically altered anatomies, cap-fitted forward viewing endoscopy (76.7%) and percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopy (48.8%) were the preferred techniques for Billroth-II anastomosis and total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis, respectively. @*Conclusions@#Most respondents showed unifying trends for the management of difficult CBD stones. The current practice patterns could be used as basic data for clinical quality improvements in the management of difficult CBD stones.

3.
Gut and Liver ; : 328-336, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966899

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Although endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) and fine needle biopsy (FNB) are widely used for tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid mass, the optimal strategy of this procedure has not been established yet. The aim of this nationwide study was to investigate the current practice patterns of EUS-FNA/FNB for pancreatic solid mass in Korea. @*Methods@#The Policy-Quality Management of the Korean Pancreatobiliary Association (KPBA) developed a questionnaire containing 22 questions. An electronic survey consisting of the questionnaire was distributed by e-mail to members registered to the KPBA. @*Results@#A total of 101 respondents completed the survey. Eighty respondents (79.2%) performed preoperative EUS-FNA/FNB for operable pancreatic solid mass. Acquire needles (60.4%) were used the most, followed by ProCore needles (47.5%). In terms of need size, most respondents (>80%) preferred 22-gauge needles regardless of the location of the mass. Negative suction with a 10-mL syringe (71.3%) as sampling technique was followed by stylet slow-pull (41.6%). More than three needle passes for EUS-FNA/FNB was performed by most respondents (>80%). The frequency of requiring repeated procedure was significantly higher in respondents with a low individual volume (<5 per month, p=0.001). Prophylactic antibiotics were routinely used in 39 respondents (38.6%); rapid on-site pathologic evaluation was used in 6.1%. @*Conclusions@#According to this survey, practices of EUS-FNA/FNB for pancreatic solid mass varied substantially, some of which differed considerably from the recommendations present in existing guidelines. These results suggest that the development of evidence-based quality guidelines fitting Korean clinical practice is needed to establish the optimal strategy for this procedure.

4.
Pediatric Emergency Medicine Journal ; : 132-141, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002678

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We aimed to investigate the changing trends in intentional drug poisoning among pediatric and adolescent patients over the past 10 years. @*Methods@#A retrospective study was conducted on patients younger than 20 years who visited an academic hospital emergency department (ED) in Incheon, Korea, from January 2011 through December 2020. The study focused on patients who responded with “self-harm or suicide” in the ED-based Injury In-depth Surveillance, and whose injury mechanism was drug poisoning. Exclusion criteria were unintentional injuries and the ingestion of substances other than drugs. To describe the trend over the decade, we used the number of events/100,000 ED annual visits of the database. @*Results@#A total of 3,388 cases with a median age of 17 years (interquartile range, 15-18 years) were included. The most frequently ingested drugs were acetaminophen (27.8%), followed by benzodiazepines (15.2%), antidepressants (14.1%), other sedatives and hypnotics (13.4%), and antipsychotics (8.3%). As for the events/100,000 ED annual visits, benzodiazepines showed the biggest increase, from 7.6 to 80.2 cases. Similarly, antidepressants increased from 10.2 to 71.1 cases, and antipsychotics from 3.6 to 53.7 cases. @*Conclusion@#Intentional drug poisoning has increased over the past 10 years, particularly in benzodiazepines, antidepressants, and antipsychotics. It is advisable to establish injury prevention strategies according to patients’ characteristics and ingested drugs.

5.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 53-58, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002378

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCNs) are precursors of pancreatic cancer, and the rate of their incidental detection has gradually increased recently with a reported prevalence from 2.4 to 13.5%. However, accurate diagnosis can be challenging because PCNs have morphologies ranging from benign to malignant disease, and as for other cancers, precise and timely management of premalignant PCN is essential to prevent malignant transformation. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is a useful tool for the differential diagnosis PCN and treatment decision-making because its imaging features predict malignant transformation. However, its performance is suboptimal, and its accuracy for differentiating mucinous pancreatic cysts and other PCNs is only 65-75%, which has increased interest in the application of artificial intelligence (AI). AI has already provided tools that have improved diagnostic accuracies for many cancers, including colon, lung, and breast cancer, and recent studies have shown AI has the potential to differentiate mucinous and non-mucinous tumors and stratify the malignant potentials of PCNs. This article provides a review of the literature on EUS-based AI studies of PCNs.

6.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 61-80, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926736

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided intervention has gradually become a standard treatment for peripancreatic fluid collections (PFCs). However, it is difficult to popularize the procedure in Korea because of restrictions on insurance claims regarding the use of endoscopic accessories, as well as the lack of standardized Korean clinical practice guidelines. The Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (appointed a Task Force to develope medical guidelines by referring to the manual for clinical practice guidelines development prepared by the National Evidence-Based Healthcare Collaborating Agency. Previous studies on PFCs were searched, and certain studies were selected with the help of experts. Then, a set of key questions was selected, and treatment guidelines were systematically reviewed. Answers to these questions and recommendations were selected via peer review. This guideline discusses endoscopic management of PFCs and makes recommendations on indication for the procedure, pre-procedural preparations, optimal approach for drainage, procedural considerations (e.g., types of stent, advantages and disadvantages of plastic and metal stents, and accessories), adverse events of endoscopic intervention, and procedural quality issues. This guideline was reviewed by external experts and suggests best practices recommended based on the evidence available at the time of preparation. This will be revised as necessary to address advances and changes in technology and evidence obtained in clinical practice and future studies.

7.
Gut and Liver ; : 677-693, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898472

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided intervention has gradually become a standard treatment for peripancreatic fluid collections (PFCs). However, it is difficult to popularize the procedure in Korea because of restrictions on insurance claims regarding the use of endoscopic accessories, as well as the lack of standardized Korean clinical practice guidelines. The Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy appointed a Task Force to develop medical guidelines by referring to the manual for clinical practice guidelines development prepared by the National Evidence-Based Healthcare Collaborating Agency. Previous studies on PFCs were searched, and certain studies were selected with the help of experts. Then, a set of key questions was selected, and treatment guidelines were systematically reviewed. Answers to these questions and recommendations were selected via peer review. This guideline discusses endoscopic management of PFCs and makes recommendations on Indications for the procedure, pre-procedural preparations, optimal approach for drainage, procedural considerations (e.g., types of stent, advantages and disadvantages of plastic and metal stents, and accessories), adverse events of endoscopic intervention, and procedural quality issues. This guideline was reviewed by external experts and suggests best practices recommended based on the evidence available at the time of preparation. This will be revised as necessary to address advances and changes in technology and evidence obtained in clinical practice and future studies.

8.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 505-521, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897718

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided intervention has gradually become a standard treatment for peripancreatic fluid collections (PFCs). However, it is difficult to popularize the procedure in Korea because of restrictions on insurance claims regarding the use of endoscopic accessories, as well as the lack of standardized Korean clinical practice guidelines. The Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (KSGE) appointed a Task Force to develope medical guidelines by referring to the manual for clinical practice guidelines development prepared by the National Evidence-Based Healthcare Collaborating Agency. Previous studies on PFCs were searched, and certain studies were selected with the help of experts. Then, a set of key questions was selected, and treatment guidelines were systematically reviewed. Answers to these questions and recommendations were selected via peer review. This guideline discusses endoscopic management of PFCs and makes recommendations on Indications for the procedure, pre-procedural preparations, optimal approach for drainage, procedural considerations (e.g., types of stent, advantages and disadvantages of plastic and metal stents, and accessories), adverse events of endoscopic intervention, and procedural quality issues. This guideline was reviewed by external experts and suggests best practices recommended based on the evidence available at the time of preparation. This will be revised as necessary to address advances and changes in technology and evidence obtained in clinical practice and future studies.

9.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e94-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899853

ABSTRACT

Background@#Common bile duct (CBD) stone is one of the most prevalent gastroenterological diseases, but the role played by biliary microbiota in the pathogenesis of CBD stones remains obscure. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of the biliary tract core microbiome and its potential association with the formation of pigment stones. @*Methods@#Twenty-eight patients with biliary obstruction of various causes were enrolled.Thirteen had new-onset pigment CBD stone. Of the remaining 15, four had benign biliary stricture, four had gallbladder cancer, three had pancreatic cancer, 3 had distal CBD cancer, and one had hepatocellular carcinoma. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was used to collect bile samples for DNA extraction, 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing, and bile microbiota composition analysis. @*Results@#Proteobacteria (61.7%), Firmicutes (25.1%), Bacteroidetes (5%), Fusobacteria (4.6%), and Actinobacteria (2.6%) were the most dominant phyla in the bile of the 28 study subjects. A comparison between new-onset choledocholithiasis and other causes of biliary obstruction (controls) showed Enterococcus was found to be significantly abundant in the CBD stone group at the genus level (linear discriminant analysis score = 4.38; P = 0.03). However, no other significant compositional difference was observed. @*Conclusion@#This study demonstrates an abundance of microbiota in bile juice and presents a biliary microbiome composition similar to that of duodenum. The study also shows Enterococcus was significantly abundant in the bile juice of patients with a brown pigment stone than in controls, which suggests Enterococcus may play an important role in the development of pigment stones.

10.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 99-103, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875428

ABSTRACT

Rodent models, which have played important roles in preclinical research of pancreas and biliary diseases, have some limitations to translating data from rodent models to human diseases. Large animal models have recently been developed to overcome these limitations and perform translational research of medical devices and drugs in pancreas and biliary diseases. Preclinical studies using large animal models are necessary before clinical application, especially for the research and development of equipment, instrumentation, and techniques in pancreato-biliary diseases. As long as the endoscope used in humans can enter an organ, there appears to be no limitation in terms of species or organ for endoscopic experiments of large animal models. Investigators have mainly used swine for pancreas and biliary endoscopic experiments. Until now, unique swine models that investigators have been established include the normal bile duct model, bile duct dilation model, bile duct dilation+direct peroral cholangioscopy model, benign biliary stricture model, hilar biliary obstruction model, and acute pancreatitis (post-ERCP pancreatitis) model. Many preclinical studies have been performed using these established endoscopy-based large animal models to develop novel medical devices. Furthermore, porcine pancreatic cancer models induced by a transgenic or orthotopic method are currently under development. These models appear to be available for general use in the future and will have multiple potential preclinical and clinical applications.

11.
Gut and Liver ; : 930-939, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914351

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The endoscopic step-up approach is accepted as the preferred treatment for complicated or symptomatic walled-off necrosis (WON). Direct endoscopic necrosectomy (DEN) is an effective therapeutic option, but few reports describe long-term follow-up in this patient population. Thus, we aim to assess the long-term outcomes of DEN following severe necrotizing pancreatitis. @*Methods@#The data of all acute pancreatitis patients who underwent DEN following endoscopic transmural drainage from six referral centers between 2007 and 2017 were retrospectively collected. @*Results@#Sixty patients (76.7% male, mean age 48.3 years) underwent a median of 4 sessions of DEN starting at a median of 45.5 days after the onset of acute pancreatitis. Clinical success was achieved in 51 patients (85%), with a 35% complication rate and a 5% mortality rate. Using multivariate analysis, the risk factor associated with DEN failure or major DEN complications requiring intervention or surgery was an identified bacterial/fungal WON infection (odds ratio, 19.3; 95% confidence interval, 1.5 to 261.7). During the median follow-up period of 27 months, complicated WON recurrence was observed in 5.3% of patients, and long-term complications occurred in 24.6% of patients (four exocrine insufficiency, nine newly developed diabetes mellitus, one recurrent small bowel obstruction, one chylous ascites). @*Conclusions@#Considering that long-term complications are similar to those observed after pancreatectomy, DEN should be performed meticulously while minimizing damage to the viable pancreatic parenchyma with adequate antibiotic escalation.

12.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e94-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892149

ABSTRACT

Background@#Common bile duct (CBD) stone is one of the most prevalent gastroenterological diseases, but the role played by biliary microbiota in the pathogenesis of CBD stones remains obscure. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of the biliary tract core microbiome and its potential association with the formation of pigment stones. @*Methods@#Twenty-eight patients with biliary obstruction of various causes were enrolled.Thirteen had new-onset pigment CBD stone. Of the remaining 15, four had benign biliary stricture, four had gallbladder cancer, three had pancreatic cancer, 3 had distal CBD cancer, and one had hepatocellular carcinoma. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was used to collect bile samples for DNA extraction, 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing, and bile microbiota composition analysis. @*Results@#Proteobacteria (61.7%), Firmicutes (25.1%), Bacteroidetes (5%), Fusobacteria (4.6%), and Actinobacteria (2.6%) were the most dominant phyla in the bile of the 28 study subjects. A comparison between new-onset choledocholithiasis and other causes of biliary obstruction (controls) showed Enterococcus was found to be significantly abundant in the CBD stone group at the genus level (linear discriminant analysis score = 4.38; P = 0.03). However, no other significant compositional difference was observed. @*Conclusion@#This study demonstrates an abundance of microbiota in bile juice and presents a biliary microbiome composition similar to that of duodenum. The study also shows Enterococcus was significantly abundant in the bile juice of patients with a brown pigment stone than in controls, which suggests Enterococcus may play an important role in the development of pigment stones.

13.
Gut and Liver ; : 677-693, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890768

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided intervention has gradually become a standard treatment for peripancreatic fluid collections (PFCs). However, it is difficult to popularize the procedure in Korea because of restrictions on insurance claims regarding the use of endoscopic accessories, as well as the lack of standardized Korean clinical practice guidelines. The Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy appointed a Task Force to develop medical guidelines by referring to the manual for clinical practice guidelines development prepared by the National Evidence-Based Healthcare Collaborating Agency. Previous studies on PFCs were searched, and certain studies were selected with the help of experts. Then, a set of key questions was selected, and treatment guidelines were systematically reviewed. Answers to these questions and recommendations were selected via peer review. This guideline discusses endoscopic management of PFCs and makes recommendations on Indications for the procedure, pre-procedural preparations, optimal approach for drainage, procedural considerations (e.g., types of stent, advantages and disadvantages of plastic and metal stents, and accessories), adverse events of endoscopic intervention, and procedural quality issues. This guideline was reviewed by external experts and suggests best practices recommended based on the evidence available at the time of preparation. This will be revised as necessary to address advances and changes in technology and evidence obtained in clinical practice and future studies.

14.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 505-521, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890014

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided intervention has gradually become a standard treatment for peripancreatic fluid collections (PFCs). However, it is difficult to popularize the procedure in Korea because of restrictions on insurance claims regarding the use of endoscopic accessories, as well as the lack of standardized Korean clinical practice guidelines. The Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (KSGE) appointed a Task Force to develope medical guidelines by referring to the manual for clinical practice guidelines development prepared by the National Evidence-Based Healthcare Collaborating Agency. Previous studies on PFCs were searched, and certain studies were selected with the help of experts. Then, a set of key questions was selected, and treatment guidelines were systematically reviewed. Answers to these questions and recommendations were selected via peer review. This guideline discusses endoscopic management of PFCs and makes recommendations on Indications for the procedure, pre-procedural preparations, optimal approach for drainage, procedural considerations (e.g., types of stent, advantages and disadvantages of plastic and metal stents, and accessories), adverse events of endoscopic intervention, and procedural quality issues. This guideline was reviewed by external experts and suggests best practices recommended based on the evidence available at the time of preparation. This will be revised as necessary to address advances and changes in technology and evidence obtained in clinical practice and future studies.

15.
Gut and Liver ; : 366-372, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763841

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Radiopaque metal markers are required to improve X-ray absorption by self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) to enable precise stent placement. A new tantalum radiopaque marker was recently developed using an ultrasonic spray technique. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and visibility of tantalum markers. METHODS: A total of three beagle dogs were used for a gastrointestinal tract absorption test. Five tantalum markers were placed in the stomach of each dog endoscopically. Excreted tantalum markers were collected, and their weights were compared to the original weights. In radiopacity tests, marker radiopacities on X-ray images were quantified using ImageJ software and compared with those of commercially available metal markers. Finally, the radiographic images of six patients who underwent biliary SEMS placement using tantalum marker Nitinol SEMSs (n=3) or gold marker Nitinol SEMSs (n=3) were compared with respect to marker brightness on fluoroscopic images. RESULTS: Absorption testing showed that the marker structures and weights were unaffected. Radiopacity tests showed that the mean brightness and total brightness scores were greater for tantalum markers (226.22 and 757, respectively) than for gold (A, 209 and 355, respectively; B, 204.96 and 394, respectively; C, 194.34 and 281, respectively) or platinum markers (D, 203.6 and 98, respectively). On fluoroscopic images, tantalum markers had higher brightness and total brightness scores (41.47 and 497.67, respectively) in human bile ducts than gold markers (28.37 and 227, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Tantalum markers were found to be more visible than other commercially available markers in X-ray images and to be resistant to gastrointestinal absorption.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Humans , Absorption , Bile Ducts , Gastrointestinal Absorption , Gastrointestinal Tract , Platinum , Self Expandable Metallic Stents , Stents , Stomach , Tantalum , Ultrasonics , Weights and Measures
16.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1244-1251, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919121

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS@#A reproducible, endoscope-based, large animal model, of acute pancreatitis was developed to meet the need for a suitable means of preclinically testing treatments. The aim of this study was to develop an endoscope-based animal model of acute pancreatitis.@*METHODS@#This experimental study was conducted on six mini-pigs. The pancreatitis model was induced by infusing contrast medium (CM) or sodium taurocholate (TCA) under high pressure (100 mmHg) into the main pancreatic duct by endoscopic retrograde pancreatography. Animals were randomly allocated to three groups: a CM group, a 10% TCA group, and a 20% TCA group. Pancreatic injuries were evaluated histologically, and serum amylase and lipase levels were measured.@*RESULTS@#Acute pancreatitis was observed in all animals during hematologic and histologic examinations. Serum amylase and lipase levels were significantly higher (> 10 times baseline), and pancreatic edema, vacuolization of acinar cells, and hemorrhagic necrosis were observed. Severity of pancreatitis tended to be greater in the TCA groups than in the CM group as assessed using histologic scores, and degrees of pancreatitis were found to be dose-dependently related to TCA concentration.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The two endoscopic procedures described are effective and safe for creating a swine model of acute pancreatitis. The authors hope the described endoscopic methods will assist in the development of a suitable treatment strategy.

17.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 226-231, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-199024

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a highly effective therapy for refractory and recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Despite its excellent efficacy and recent widespread use, FMT has not been widely used in South Korea thus far. We describe our experience with FMT to treat refractory/recurrent CDI. METHODS: We conducted a chart review of patients who underwent FMT for refractory/recurrent CDI at Inha University Hospital, between March 2014 and June 2016. The demographic information, treatment data, and adverse events were reviewed. FMT was administered via colonoscopy and/or duodenoscopy. All stool donors were rigorously screened to prevent infectious disease transmission. RESULTS: FMT was performed in nine patients with refractory/recurrent CDI. All patients were dramatically cured. Bowel movement was normalized within one week after FMT. There were no procedure-related adverse events, except aspiration pneumonia in one patient. During the follow-up period (mean 11.4 months), recurrence of CDI was observed in one patient at one month after FMT due to antibiotics. CONCLUSIONS: FMT is a safe, well-tolerated and highly effective treatment for refractory/recurrent CDI. Although there are many barriers to using FMT, we expect that FMT will be widely used to treat refractory/recurrent CDI in South Korea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Clostridioides difficile , Clostridium , Colonoscopy , Disease Transmission, Infectious , Duodenoscopy , Fecal Microbiota Transplantation , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Korea , Pneumonia, Aspiration , Recurrence , Tissue Donors
18.
Gut and Liver ; : 798-806, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-82308

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Botulinum toxin type A (BTX), a long-acting inhibitor of muscular contraction in both striated and smooth muscles, is responsible for gastric motility. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of an endoscopic intragastric BTX injection on weight loss, body fat accumulation, and gastric emptying time. METHODS: The BTX group consisted of 15 obese rats in which 20 U of BTX were injected into the gastric antrum. The saline group consisted of 15 obese rats injected with 20 U of saline, and the control group included 10 obese rats that did not receive a surgical intervention. The gastric emptying time, biochemical parameters, and body fat volume were evaluated using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and histologic evaluations. RESULTS: The postoperative body weight of the BTX group was significantly lower than those of the other groups (p < 0.001) at 6 weeks after the operation. The gastric emptying time (156±54 minutes) was significantly delayed in the BTX group. The BTX group showed significantly lower lipid levels than the other groups. A reduction in body fat volume was observed in the BTX group using micro-CT and histological evaluations. CONCLUSIONS: BTX application to the gastric antrum represents a potentially effective treatment for obesity and may help improve the lipid profile by increasing the gastric emptying time.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Adipose Tissue , Adiposity , Body Weight , Botulinum Toxins , Botulinum Toxins, Type A , Endoscopes , Gastric Emptying , Models, Animal , Muscle Contraction , Muscle, Smooth , Obesity , Pyloric Antrum , Weight Loss
19.
Gut and Liver ; : 969-974, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210171

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The covered self-expandable metal stent (CMS) was developed to prevent tumor ingrowth-induced stent occlusion during the treatment of malignant biliary obstruction. However, complications such as cholecystitis, pancreatitis, and stent migration can occur after the endoscopic insertion of CMSs. The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy and safety of a double-layered CMS (DCMS) for the management of malignant bile duct obstruction. METHODS: DCMSs were endoscopically introduced into 59 patients with unresectable malignant extrahepatic biliary obstruction at four tertiary referral centers, and the patient medical records were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Both the technical and functional success rates were 100%. Procedure-related complications including pancreatitis, cholangitis, stent migration, and liver abscess occurred in five patients (8.5%). The median follow-up period was 265 days (range, 31 to 752 days). Cumulative stent patency rates were 68.2% and 40.8% at 6 and 12 months, respectively. At the final follow-up, the rate of stent occlusion was 33.9% (20/59), and the median stent patency period was 276 days (range, 2 to 706 days). CONCLUSIONS: The clinical outcomes of DCMSs were comparable to the outcomes previously reported for CMSs with respect to stent patency period and complication rates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholangitis , Cholecystitis , Cholestasis , Cholestasis, Extrahepatic , Common Bile Duct Neoplasms , Feasibility Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Liver Abscess , Medical Records , Pancreatitis , Retrospective Studies , Stents , Tertiary Care Centers
20.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1438-1444, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-166618

ABSTRACT

The large animal model with benign biliary stricture (BBS) is essential to undergo experiment on developing new devices and endoscopic treatment. This study conducted to establish a clinically relevant porcine BBS model by means of endobiliary radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) was performed on 12 swine. The animals were allocated to three groups (60, 80, and 100 W) according to the electrical power level of RFA electrode. Endobiliary RFA was applied to the common bile duct for 60 seconds using an RFA catheter that was endoscopically inserted. ERC was repeated two and four weeks, respectively, after the RFA to identify BBS. After the strictures were identified, histologic evaluations were performed. On the follow-up ERC two weeks after the procedure, a segmental bile duct stricture was observed in all animals. On microscopic examination, severe periductal fibrosis and luminal obliteration with transmural inflammation were demonstrated. Bile duct perforations occurred in two pigs (100 W, n = 1; 80 W, n = 1) but there were no major complications in the 60 W group. The application of endobiliary RFA with 60 W electrical power resulted in a safe and reproducible swine model of BBS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animal Experimentation , Bile Ducts , Catheter Ablation , Catheters , Cholangiography , Common Bile Duct , Constriction, Pathologic , Electrodes , Endoscopes , Fibrosis , Follow-Up Studies , Inflammation , Models, Animal , Phenobarbital , Swine
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL