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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777965

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the current status and factors associated with the mental health condition of older adults. Methods A convenience sampling survey was conducted using symptom check list 90 (SCL-90) among the Chinese older adults aged 60 or above from January to March, 2018. The older adults aged 80 or above were selected for this study. Chi-square test and binary logistic regression model were used to analyze the influencing factors. Results The total participants were 485. The SCL-90 positive detection rate was 20.21%. The symptoms of the four highest detection rates were somatization (39.38%), others (25.15%), obsessive-compulsive symptoms (24.33%) and depression (22.68%). The older adults with normal BMI (OR=0.537, 95% CI: 0.250-0.857, P=0.027) and lived in county town (OR=0.224, 95% CI:0.075-0.667, P=0.007) showed lower SCL-90 positive detection rate. These who had been educated for 1-5 years (OR=11.092, 95% CI: 4.446-27.671, P<0.001), 6-8 years (OR=9.800, 95% CI: 3.464-27.721, P<0.001), 9~11 years (OR=19.279, 95% CI : 6.722-55.297, P<0.001), 12 years and above (OR=24.321, 95% CI: 7.894-74.929, P<0.001) had higher SCL-90 positive detection rate compared with those who were uneducated. Conclusion The mental health condition of Chinese older adults is mainly influenced by residence place, education level, family income self-evaluation and BMI status.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694102

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze and validate the key molecular targets correlated with the overall survival of patients with HER2-positive breast cancer.Methods First,the survival time and transcriptome data of patients with HER2-positive breast cancer in stage Ⅰ / Ⅱ and Ⅲ/Ⅳ were downloaded from the TCGA database.The significantly differential genes between overall survival <2 years and >8.5 years in stage Ⅰ / Ⅱ were picked out by edgeR package,and the pathways were enriched by KEGG.Similarly,the differential genes between overall survival <2 years and >7 years in stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ were analyzed.Furthermore,KEGG pathway analysis was performed using the differential genes overlapped by stage Ⅰ /Ⅱ and Ⅲ/Ⅳ.Second,the relationships between the expression levels of key node genes and other genes in enriched pathway and the overall survival of patients with HER2-positive breast cancer were validated by KMplot database.Last,the correlation between the activity of pathway enriched in KEGG and the resistance to anti-HER2 treatment was validated in HER2-positive breast cancer cell line BT474.Results In patients with stage Ⅰ / Ⅱ HER2-positive breast cancer whose overall survival was <2 years,PI3K/AKT was the 9th signaling pathway enriched by up-regulated differential genes.In patients with stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ whose overall survival was <2 years,PI3K/AKT was the 2nd signaling pathway enriched by up-regulated differential genes.Furthermore,PI3K/AKT was the first signal pathway enriched by the overlapping upregulated genes of patients in stage Ⅰ / Ⅱ and Ⅲ / Ⅳ whose overall survival was <2 years.Patients with high expression of PI3K and AKT (key node genes) or CFAP221 and COL4A6 (other genes) of PI3K/AKT pathway had shorter overall survival than those with low expression.PI3K inhibitors could enhance the growth inhibitory effect of HER2 small molecule inhibitor on HER2-positive breast cancer cell line BT474.Conclusions The overexpression of PI3K/AKT pathway is associated with the shorter overall survival in HER2-positive breast cancer patients,and associated with anti-HER2 resistance in HER2-positive breast cancer cell line.

3.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 538-542, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304703

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To observe the clinical efficacy of Kangle Decoction in the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED) with liver-qi stagnation and kidney deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 79 ED patients with liver-qi stagnation and kidney deficiency were randomly assigned to an experimental group (aged [36.62±8.05] yr and with a disease course of [18.15±6.41] mo) and a control group (aged [37.44±8.10] yr and with a disease course of [17.51±6.79] mo), the former treated orally with Kangle Decoction at 0.5 dose bid while the latter with Cialis at 10 mg qd alt, both for 8 weeks. Before treatment, after 4 and 8 weeks of medication, and at 4 weeks after drug withdrawal, we obtained the scores of the patients in the International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5), Erectile Dysfunction Inventory of Treatment Satisfaction (EDITS), and Short-Form Psychological and Interpersonal Relationship Scales (SF-PAIRS), and compared the indexes between the two groups of patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The IIEF-5 score was dramatically increased in both the treatment and control groups after 4 weeks (13.40±2.42 and 16.00±2.68) and 8 weeks of medication (18.60±3.50 and 18.59±3.80) and at 4 weeks after drug withdrawal (17.00±3.05 and 13.95±2.61) as compared with the baseline (10.78±2.28 and 10.77±2.33) (P<0.05 ), even higher in the treatment than in the control group after drug withdrawal (P<0.05 ). The EDITS scores in the treatment and control groups were (28.88±3.31 and 28.90±3.31) after 4 weeks of intervention, (29.68±3.30 and 29.13±3.32) after 8 weeks of intervention, and (29.20±2.92 and 26.82±3.23) at 4 weeks after drug withdrawal, all significantly higher in the former than in the latter group after drug withdrawal (P<0.05 ). The sexual self-confidence score (SSCS), sexual spontaneity score (SSS), and sexual time-concern score (STCS) were all improved in the treatment and control groups after medication as compared with the baseline (P<0.05 ), even higher in the former than in the latter group after drug withdrawal (P<0.05 ).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Kangle Decoction has a definite efficacy in the treatment of ED with liver-qi stagnation and kidney deficiency, with few adverse reactions and long-term post-withdrawal effect, and therefore deserves a wide clinical application.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Erectile Dysfunction , Drug Therapy , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Satisfaction , Qi , Self Concept , Sexual Behavior , Tadalafil , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
4.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1116-1120, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304764

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical effectiveness of sertraline hydrochloride combined with four-spot caress in the treatment of primary premature ejaculation (PE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We randomly assigned 90 primary PE patients to three groups of equal number. The patients in group A (aged [28.1 ± 5.2] yr and with a disease course of [3.1 ± 1.9] yr) were treated with oral sertraline hydrochloride at 50 mg qd, those in B (aged [27.8 ± 4.1] yr and with a disease course of [3.2 ± 2.0] yr) by four-spot caressing (caressing the tongue, breasts, and vulva prior to intercourse), and those in C (aged [27.1 ± 4.7] yr and with a disease course of [3.1 ± 2.0] yr) by the combination of oral sertraline hydrochloride and four-spot caressing, all for 12 weeks. Before and after 4, 8, and 12 weeks of treatment, we obtained the intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) and Chinese Index of Sexual Function for Premature Ejaculation-5 (CIPE-5) scores and compared them among the three groups of patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The IELT was dramatically prolonged in groups A, B, and C after 4 weeks ([1.08 ± 0.29], [0.93 ± 0.28] and [1.21 ± 0.27] min), 8 weeks ([1.43 ± 0.30], [1.20 ± 0.33] and [1.72 ± 0.42] min) and 12 weeks of treatment ([2.12 ± 0.63], [1.90 ± 0.65] and [2.67 ± 0.82] min) as compared with the baseline ([0.63 ?0.14] , [0.60 ?0.14] and [0.62 ?0.11] min) (P < 0.05), even longer in group C than in A and B (P < 0.05). The CIPE-5 scores were markedly improved in groups A, B and C after 4 weeks ([15.17 ± 1.74], [14.57 ± 1.94] and [15.60 ± 1.63] min), 8 weeks ([17.13 ± 1.63], [16.37 ± 1.97] and [18.00 ± 1.05] min) and 12 weeks of intervention ([18.93 ± 1.57], [18.53 ± 1.67] and [20.00 ± 1.46] min ) as compared with the baseline ([12.57 ± 2.05], [13.20 ± 2.51] and [13.07 ± 2.01] min) (P < 0.05), even higher in group C than in A and B (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Sertraline hydrochloride combined with four-spot caressing, with its definite efficacy and rare adverse reactions, deserves wide clinical application in the treatment of primary PE.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Coitus , Ejaculation , Female , Humans , Male , Premature Ejaculation , Drug Therapy , Sertraline , Therapeutic Uses , Young Adult
5.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 830-833, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319590

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the distribution, combination and evolution of various syndromic etiologies of erectile dysfunction (ED) based on the syndrome etiology theory.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using the ED Syndromic Etiology Scale, we collected the clinical data on the Chinese medicine diagnoses of 297 cases of ED, extracted the core syndromic etiologies by analysis of principal components and factors, and analyzed the patterns of distribution, combination, and evolution of ED syndromic etiologies according to the general information of the patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Through analysis of principal components and factors, 9 core syndromic etiologies were extracted, i. e. , liver constraint with qi stagnation, kidney yin deficiency, damp-heat, liver constraint transforming into liver-fire, blood stasis, kidney yang deficiency, heart-spleen paired deficiency, qi-yin paired deficiency, and phlegm-damp. Each of these syndrome etiologies exhibited its own specific distribution patterns. Of the total number of cases studied, 51.52% had 2 or 3 core syndromic etiologies and 36.03% had only one.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In the early stage of ED, its syndromic etiologies are usually liver constraint with qi stagnation, kidney yin deficiency, damp-heat, liver constraint transforming into liver-fire, and blood stasis. With the natural progres- sion of the disease, its syndromic etiologies gradually evolve into kidney yang deficiency, heart-spleen paired deficiency, qi-yin paired deficiency, phlegm-damp, and blood stasis, and finally into yin-yang deficiency of the heart, spleen and kidneys, combined with phlegm-damp and blood stasis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Erectile Dysfunction , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 515-520, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342552

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Atherosclerosis is the primary cause of cardiovascular disease, carotid artery disease, and peripheral vascular disease. However, it is hard to obtain human arterial tissue at different stages of atherosclerosis for a systematic study. The ApoE-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice predictably develop spontaneous atherosclerotic plaques with numerous features similar to the human lesions and contain nearly the entire spectrum of lesions observed during atherogenesis in humans. MicroRNA expression profiles at different stages of atherosclerosis in ApoE-deficient mice were screened to find out the differentially expressed microRNAs.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>ApoE-deficient mice were euthanized at 4, 8, and 20 weeks of age and divided into three groups according to the three time points, including groups A4 (fed a Western-type diet for 0 week), A8 (fed a Western-type diet for 4 weeks), and A20 (fed a Western-type diet for 16 weeks). Atherosclerotic lesions were analyzed. Fifteen aortas were collected and combined into three pools (five aortas in one pool) in each group. MicroRNA microarray analysis was replicated thrice in each group. The threshold of fold change ≥ 2.0 was used to screen up or down-regulated microRNAs. Differentially expressed microRNAs were subsequently verified with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Those increasingly up or down-regulated microRNAs during the progression of atherosclerosis were selected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Atherosclerotic lesions first appeared in the aortic arch in group A8. Severe atherosclerotic lesions were observed in group A20. In group A8, seven MicroRNAs were up-regulated while two were down-regulated. In group A20, 15 microRNAs were up-regulated while two were down-regulated. miR-34a-5p and miR-497-5p were increasingly up-regulated, while miR-434-3p was progressively down-regulated when atherosclerosis progressed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In this study, we described that microRNAs are differentially expressed at different stages of atherosclerosis in ApoE-deficient mice. Those increasingly up or down-regulated microRNAs during the progression of atherosclerosis may play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and provide us opportunities for investigating atherosclerosis from early to advanced stages.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apolipoproteins E , Genetics , Atherosclerosis , Genetics , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336792

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the serum levels of sCD44v6 and sE-cadherin (sE-cad) in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The serum samples were collected from 65 cases of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, 32 cases of erosive esophagitis and 35 healthy subjects. Serum sCD44v6 and sE-cad levels were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean levels of serum sCD44v6 and sE-cad in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients were significantly higher than those of erosive esophagitis patients and normal controls (both P<0.05). There was no significant difference in serum sCD44v6 and sE-cad levels between erosive esophagitis patients normal controls (P=0.566 and P=0.708, respectively). Serum sCD44v6 and sE-cad levels of esophageal cancer patients were not correlated with their clinicopathological features. Serum sCD44v6 level is not correlated with sE-cad level in squamous cell carcinoma patients(P=0.651).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Serum sCD44v6 and sE-cad might be a potential marker for screening of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cadherins , Blood , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Blood , Pathology , Case-Control Studies , Esophageal Neoplasms , Blood , Pathology , Female , Humans , Hyaluronan Receptors , Blood , Male , Middle Aged
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265730

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop a small-caliber vascular grafts and study its morphologies, mechanical properties and biocompatibility.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The effects of electrospinning conditions on the microstructure and porosity of the resulting scaffolds were investigated for preparation of a small-caliber (4 mm) polyurethane vascular grafts with optimum microstructures and mechanical properties. The mechanical properties and biocompatibility of the prepared grafts were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The polyurethane vascular grafts showed a three-dimensional reticular structure consisting of nanofibers, with an average porosity of (51.48∓4.47)% and tensile strength of 5.85 ∓ 0.62 MPa. The grafts provided a better long-term support than e-PTFE graft for endothelial cell growth and endothelialization.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The polyurethane vascular prosthesis possessed favorable microstructures, excellent mechanical properties and good biocompatibility for potential clinical application.</p>


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Chemistry , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Cell Adhesion , Humans , Materials Testing , Mechanical Phenomena , Polyurethanes , Chemistry , Porosity , Prosthesis Design , Tensile Strength
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1075-1081, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239891

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Molecular analysis of neovascularization related genes by time course in response to ischemia has not been described in the context of aging. We aimed to provide a progressively deeper understanding of how aging compromises neovascularization.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Young (3-month) and old (18-month) C57Bl mice were subjected to left hindlimb ischemia. Necrosis score was evaluated in calf muscles. Calf muscles, peripheral blood, bone marrow were harvested at different time points. The expressions of matrix metalloproteiniase-9 (MMP9), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), stromal derived growth factor-1 (SDF1), hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF1α), VEGF receptor-1 (Flt1), VEGF receptor-2 (Flk1), angiopoietin-1 (Ang1), CD133, CD26 were detected by RT-PCR or Western blotting. White blood cells were counted in the peripheral blood. Gene expression data were compared by two-way analysis of variance.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MMP9, HIF-1α and SDF-1 were more upregulated during acute ischemia in old vs. young mice, reflecting increased ischemia in aging mice. However VEGF and eNOS exhibited lower expression in old vs. young mice, despite greater ischemia intensity. Ang1 and Flk1 showed similar expression in old vs. young mice. MMP9 peaked earlier in peripheral blood in young vs. old mice. Concurrent decreasing CD26 and increasing CD133 expression in aging bone marrow suggest aging impairs progenitor cell mobilization,</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our results indicate that a complex array of defects occur with aging that interfere with optimal neovascularization. These include potential impaired mobilization of progenitor cells to ischemic tissue, decreased levels of eNOS and VEGF and delayed responses to ischemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Aging , Physiology , Animals , Blotting, Western , Chemokine CXCL12 , Metabolism , Female , Hindlimb , Metabolism , Pathology , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Ischemia , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Muscle, Skeletal , Metabolism , Pathology , Necrosis , Metabolism , Pathology , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Metabolism , Pathology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Genetics , Metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1 , Genetics , Metabolism
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 562-566, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244191

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prevalence and percentage of dyslipidemia awareness among overweight and obese residents in Beijing community.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Cross-sectional data of 9786 subjects from capital cholesterol education and intervention program (CCEIP) were analyzed. Participants were divided into 3 groups (Normal, overweight and obese) based on body mass index (BMI). Blood lipid levels were determined from overnight fasting plasma samples. Questionnaires were collected to estimate awareness of dyslipidemia.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>(1) Blood lipids levels were positively correlated with BMI (r = 0.17, 0.18, -0.26 and 0.35 between total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglyceride and BMI, respectively, all P < 0.01). (2) Prevalence of dyslipidemia increased in proportion with increase of BMI. The age-standardized prevalence of dyslipidemia of normal, overweight and obese population was 23. 9%, 43.3% and 65.4% in men and 17.9%, 29.2% and 42.3% in women. Dyslipidemia was more frequent in obese men than obese women (65.4% vs. 42.3%, P < 0.01). However, this gender difference decreased gradually with the increase of age. Risk of hypercholesterolemia, high LDL-C, low HDL-C and hypertriglyceridemia in obese men was 1.6, 2.9, 2.4, and 2.7 folders higher than in the normal body weight men and was 1.3, 1.9, 1.7 and 2.1 folders higher in obese women than in normal body weight women. (3) Unexpectedly, the percentage of dyslipidemia awareness in overweight and obese population was not significantly higher than in the normal body weight group (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The prevalence of dyslipidemia was high while the percentage of dyslipidemia awareness was rather low in obese population. Aggressive intervention should be taken in obese population, especially in the young obese men, to effectively reduce dyslipidemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Body Mass Index , China , Epidemiology , Cholesterol, HDL , Blood , Cholesterol, LDL , Blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dyslipidemias , Blood , Epidemiology , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Obesity , Blood , Epidemiology , Overweight , Blood , Epidemiology , Prevalence , Triglycerides , Blood , Young Adult
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 884-889, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242551

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>An elevated serum lipid is one of the major risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). Physicians' awareness contributes to successful adoption of practice guidelines. Community medical centers are the primary defense against chronic disease. This study aimed to investigate community physicians' awareness of cholesterol guidelines and their utilization.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Six hundred and one community physicians were randomly selected from four different regions, and completed a confidential and semi-structured questionnaire. Four hundred and ninety-one completed the questionnaire, and 486 valid questionnaires were available.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The physicians' fundamental knowledge of lipids was astonishingly poor, while the awareness of cholesterol guidelines was low. Only 24% and 14% of the physicians reported the right optimal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level for CHD and diabetes patients respectively. More than half of the physicians (55.8%) mistakenly considered elevated transaminases to be the lethal side effect of statins. More than half of the physicians (51.9%) would give up statin treatment in the case of transaminase elevation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Educational interventions to improve cholesterol knowledge and to publicize standard treatment are needed among Chinese community physicians.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , China , Cholesterol , Cholesterol, LDL , Clinical Competence , Coronary Disease , Metabolism , Data Collection , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Physicians , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1194-1197, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321016

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the epidemiological characteristics of abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism in in-patients with ischemic stroke. Methods A total number of 771 in-patients with ischemic stroke, hospitalized in the Department of Neurology/Endocrinology from Changzhou No.2 Hospital from April 2007 to April 2008 were enrolled in this study. After identifying the condition of glucose metabolism, all diagnosis-undetermined patients received oral glucose tolerance test. Results Among in-patients with ischemic stroke, 41.8% of the patients were finally diagnosed as diabetes, with 23.4% classified as 'impaired glucose tolerance'. The prevalence of 'abnormal glucose metabolism' was 65.2% in total. If diabetes in the in-patients with ischemic stroke was diagnosed only by fast plasma glucose instead of oral glucose tolerance test, 58.5% diabetic patients would have been misdiagnosed. Abnormal lipid metabolism existed in inpatients with cerebral ischemic stroke were noticed. These abnormalities of lipid metabolism were mainly consisting of increased triglyceride and decreased HDL-C cholesterol. Conclusion The majority of in-patients with ischemic stroke appeared to have had abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism. It seemed necessary to promptly and correctly diagnose these patients with abnormal glucose metabolism by oral glucose tolerance test to reduce the chances of developing the recurrence of stroke.

13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 619-622, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342109

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the isolation, culture and identification of CD133+ endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) from human umbilical cord blood in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>EPC separation was performed with density gradient centrifugation and MACS separation. Purity of EPCs was determined by flow cytometry. EPC was cultured with EBM-2 to study the cultivate features of EPC. Uptake test of Dil-LDL and FITC-Lectin and immunohistochemistry were performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>According to flow cytometry, (1.13 +/- 0.10)% of mono-nuclear cells were CD133+ and the purities of CD133+ EPCs were (91.45 +/- 1.04)% on average. CD133+ EPCs became adherent, spindle-shaped and formed cluster during culture. Uptake test of Dil-LDL and FITC-Lectin were positive. (95.83 +/- 1.72)% of CD133+ cells were found positive in both uptake tests. The positive rates of immunostaining of cell markers CD34 and factor VIII were (95.83 +/- 2.23)% and (95.92 +/- 1.43)% after cultured for one week, which showed no significant differences between CD133+ EPCs and human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Capillary structures were formed by CD133+ EPCs after cultured for 4 and 7 d in vitro.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>High purity of CD133+ EPCs can be obtained by MACS separation. CD133+ EPCs can differentiate into mature endothelial cells with the effects of stimulating factors.</p>


Subject(s)
AC133 Antigen , Antigens, CD , Blood , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Fetal Blood , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Flow Cytometry , Glycoproteins , Blood , Humans , Immunomagnetic Separation , Peptides , Blood , Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229851

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association between a polymorphism (rs228648) of urotensin II (UT-II) gene and type 2 diabetes in pedigrees.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Patients and controls with/without familial history were enrolled in the same place.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Carriers with AG or AA genotype from pedigrees had higher disease risk than those with GG genotype (OR=1.98, 95% CI:1.19-3.29,OR=2.46,95% CI:1.39-4.34), the frequency of A allele was higher in the patients from pedigrees than inner controls and patients who had no familial history (P=0.01). The frequency of A allele was higher in the inner controls than outer ones (P=0.001). The insulin resistance index, insulin sensitivity index and pancreatic secretion index of inner controls with AG genotype were higher than those with GG genotype (All P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This polymorphism of UT-II gene might be a risk to type 2 diabetes, the insulin function of people from pedigrees is associated with the mutation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Genetics , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Male , Middle Aged , Pedigree , Polymorphism, Genetic , Urotensins , Genetics
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305447

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship between insulin resistance and carotid atherosclerosis in patients with potential hyperglycemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 221 patients were recruited among those with potential hyperglycemia. All participants underwent physical examination, medical history interview, and 75 g oral glucose tolerance test. Venous blood was sampled for measurement of insulin and cholesterol levels. The intima-media thickness (IMT) in bilateral common carotid arteries was observed by B-mode ultrasound. Insulin resistance index was calculated by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR). Subjects were stratified in quintiles according to HOMA-IR values. Risk factors and atherosclerotic parameters were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>With HOMA-IR value increase, incidence of impaired glucose tolerance, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and coronary artery disease increased, the levels of triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), fasting plasma glucose, 2 hour plasma glucose, and fasting insulin increased as well, while the level of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) decreased. Meanwhile, all atherosclerotic parameters increased. Multivariate regression analysis showed that TG, total cholesterol, HDL-C, LDL-C levels, and ln(HOMA-IR) were related to IMT, hence were risk factors for IMT increase.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Insulin resistance is implicated in atherogenesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Carotid Artery Diseases , Blood , Carotid Artery, Common , Pathology , Female , Glucose Tolerance Test , Humans , Hyperglycemia , Blood , Insulin , Blood , Insulin Resistance , Lipids , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Tunica Media , Pathology
16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 532-535, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299909

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of surgical treatment for patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The studies were analyzed for 55 patients with pHPT who underwent parathyroidectomy in our hospital from 1985 to 2002.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eight patients were asymptomatic. The skeletal manifestations were found in 24 cases, urinary stones in 10 cases, and both skeletal manifestations and urinary stones in 13 cases. Pathological bone fractures occurred in 16 cases. Hypercalcemia was discovered in all patients with the average value of (3.1 +/- 0.4) mmol/L, ranging from 2.7 to 3.9 mmol/L and. Fifty patients showed elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) with the average value of (489.2 +/- 69.2) pg/ml, ranging from 102 to 2,000 pg/ml. Preoperatively all patients underwent sonography, CT and/or scintigraphy. The overall preoperative image-directed localization rate was 90.9%. Follow-up was done from 6 months to 2 years after surgery. The symptoms and signs of all patients relieved postoperatively with the improving of osteoporosis and healing of bone fracture. Of all cases, 39 presented with temporary hypocalcemia, 37 showed circumoral paresthesia in whom 10 showed tetany, 15 showed eucalcemia and one had mild hypercalcemia after operation. The serum calcium was normal in all cases with hypocalcemia by Rocaltrol and calcium supplementation for 1 - 3 weeks. PTH level decreased to normal fro 2 weeks to 2 months in 47 cases and was still mildly higher than normal in 3 cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Parathyroidectomy is an effective approach to patients with pHPT. With preoperative image-directed localization techniques, minimally invasive parathyroidectomy is a valid surgical strategy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Hyperparathyroidism , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Parathyroidectomy , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 162-164, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342362

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the risk factors regarding heredity and environment in familial incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>To compare the difference of environmental risk factors between type 2 DM, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and normal persons through study on familial information and environmental risk factors in 125 familial incident type 2 DM in-patients and out-patients from 1999 to 2001. Falconer was used to estimate heritability. Penrose was used to study the heredity damagers by polygene analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was a significant constituent ratio diversity (P < 0.01) in triglyceride, body mass index, waist to hip ratio, hypertension history and physical activities history among 3 groups, while no significant diversity in blood lipids and history of coronary heart disease. 83.42% +/- 5.84% heritability of type 2 DM in 125 familial predigree indicated that dominant major gene might exist in these familiar pedigrees. Analysis of polygene in these groups showed type 2 DM might conform to the model of polygene heredity.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This study suggested that type 2 DM had significant heritability and genetic heterogeneity, which generally appeared to be a disease of multi-factorial inheritance. Environmental risk factors, genetic factors and their interactions were due to type 2 DM.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Cholesterol , Blood , Cholesterol, LDL , Blood , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Blood , Genetics , Family Health , Female , Glucose Tolerance Test , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Triglycerides , Blood
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