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1.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 72-75, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913462

ABSTRACT

Primary cutaneous extraskeletal Ewing sarcoma (EWS) is a primitive neuroectodermal tumor that usually occurs as a small, localized tumor on the trunk or extremities of young adults. The prognosis is typically reported to be quite favorable. It is extremely rare; only three cases of primary cutaneous EWS have been reported in Korea. In the first report, molecular genetic testing was not performed to make a definitive diagnosis. In the second report, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for EWS-FLI1 gene arrangement was done, but the result was negative. Although RT-PCR and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were performed in the third report, none of the results were shown in the article. Considering that genetic testing is an essential diagnostic tool for certain diseases, such as some brain tumors, we report a case of primary cutaneous extraskeletal EWS, including the result of RT-PCR. A 36-year-old Korean female presented with a cutaneous mass on the abdomen. Histological evaluation revealed solid sheets of primitive, small, uniform cells with hyperchromatic nuclei and scant cytoplasm. Immunohistochemistry stains were positive for CD99 and FLI1. RT-PCR showed a t(11;22) EWSR1 (Ewing sarcoma region 1)-FLI1 (Friend leukemia virus integration 1) translocation.

2.
Gut and Liver ; : 404-413, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925031

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The worldwide coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has led endoscopists to use personal protective equipment (PPE) for infection prevention. This study aimed to investigate whether wearing a face shield as PPE affects the quality of colonoscopy. @*Methods@#We reviewed the medical records and colonoscopy findings of patients who underwent colonoscopies at Asan Medical Center, Korea from March 10 to May 31, 2020. The colonoscopies in this study were performed by five gastroenterology fellows and four expert endoscopists. We compared colonoscopy quality indicators, such as withdrawal time, adenoma detection rate (ADR), mean number of adenomas per colonoscopy (APC), polypectomy time, and polypectomy adverse events, both before and after face shields were added as PPE on April 13, 2020. @*Results@#Of the 1,344 colonoscopies analyzed, 715 and 629 were performed before and after the introduction of face shields, respectively. The median withdrawal time was similar between the face shield and no-face shield groups (8.72 minutes vs 8.68 minutes, p=0.816), as was the ADR (41.5% vs 39.8%, p=0.605) and APC (0.72 vs 0.77, p=0.510). Polypectomy-associated quality indicators, such as polypectomy time and polypectomy adverse events were also not different between the groups. Quality indicators were not different between the face shield and no-face shield groups of gastroenterology fellows, or of expert endoscopists. @*Conclusions@#Colonoscopy performance was not unfavorably affected by the use of a face shield. PPE, including face shields, can be recommended without a concern about colonoscopy quality deterioration.

3.
Keimyung Medical Journal ; : 114-118, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917022

ABSTRACT

The most common cause of noncardiogenic chest pain is gastroesophageal reflux disease, and other esophageal motility disorders are also frequent. Esophageal manometry is important for diagnosing esophageal motility disease. Recently, high resolution manometry (HRM) has emerged and is reported to be more useful than conventional esophageal manometry in evaluating primary esophageal motility disease. In this study, the role and usefulness of HRM in noncardiac chest pain were investigated. From August 2018 to April 2021, 136 patients with chest pain were enrolled. Classification was carried out according to Chicago classification version 3.0, and 95 out of 136 patients showed normal findings, and 23 patients showed ineffective esophageal motility. When gastroesophageal reflux disease was classified according to Los Angeles (LA) classification, LA-M was 20% (6/30), LA-A was 63.3% (19/30), LA-B was 16.6% (5/30), and LA-C was, there were no patients with LA-D. Through this study, it was confirmed that about 22% of patients with noncardiogenic chest pain had reflux esophagitis, and about 30% of patients had esophageal motility disease. High-resolution esophageal manometry appears to be useful for the differentiation of noncardiogenic chest pain caused by esophageal motility disorders other than reflux esophagitis. After diagnosis of esophageal motor disease, follow-up studies on whether non-cardiac chest pain improves after drug treatment is required.

4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e336-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915425

ABSTRACT

In 2020, the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) began to spread worldwide and remains an ongoing medical challenge. This case series reports on the clinical features and characteristics of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and confirmed COVID-19 infection. From February 2020 to March 2021, nine patients with IBD had confirmed COVID-19 across four hospitals in Korea. The median age at COVID-19 diagnosis was 42 years. Six patients were male, and seven patients had ulcerative colitis (UC). No patients required oxygen therapy, intensive care unit hospitalizations, or died. The most common symptom was fever, and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms developed as diarrhea in five patients with UC. Oral steroids were used to combat UC aggravation in two patients. In this case series of nine IBD patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in Korea, the clinical presentation was predominately a mild respiratory tract infection. Most patients with UC developed new GI symptoms including diarrhea.

5.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 54-59, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714149

ABSTRACT

Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease of pancreas which could lead to a number of complications including pancreatic ascites and pseudocysts. When these complications are severe, the secondary changes in colon, peritoneum or mesentery can make it difficult to distinguish from peritoneal carcinomas. Herein, we report a case of acute pancreatitis that was difficult to differentiate from peritoneal carcinoma. We performed a sequential procedure without peritoneal biopsy to exclude the possibility of peritoneal cancer, and we could diagnose pancreatic ascites and pseudocyst resulting from pancreatic injuries.


Subject(s)
Ascites , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Papillary , Colon , Mesentery , Pancreas , Pancreatitis , Peritoneum
6.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 119-120, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-19888

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Skin
7.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 529-531, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-221587

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Hyaluronic Acid , Injections, Intra-Articular
8.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 339-344, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180157

ABSTRACT

Naringenin (NAR) as one of the flavonoids observed in grapefruit has been reported to exhibit an anti-cancer activity. However, more detailed mechanism by which NAR exerts anti-cancer properties still remains unanswered. Thus, in this study, we have shown that NAR down-regulates the level of cyclin D1 in human colorectal cancer cell lines, HCT116 and SW480. NAR inhibited the cell proliferation in HCT116 and SW480 cells and decreased the level of cyclin D1 protein. Inhibition of proteasomal degradation by MG132 blocked NAR-mediated cyclin D1 downregulation and the half-life of cyclin D1 was decreased in the cells treated with NAR. In addition, NAR increased the phosphorylation of cyclin D1 at threonine-286 and a point mutation of threonine-286 to alanine blocked cyclin D1 downregulation by NAR. p38 inactivation attenuated cyclin D1 downregulation by NAR. From these results, we suggest that NAR-mediated cyclin D1 downregulation may result from proteasomal degradation through p38 activation. The current study provides new mechanistic link between NAR, cyclin D1 downregulation and cell growth in human colorectal cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alanine , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Citrus paradisi , Colorectal Neoplasms , Cyclin D1 , Down-Regulation , Flavonoids , Half-Life , Phosphorylation , Point Mutation
9.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 793-794, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167479

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Choriocarcinoma , Neoplasm Metastasis
10.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 338-341, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-135035

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Epidermal Cyst , Nevus
11.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 338-341, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-135034

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Epidermal Cyst , Nevus
12.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 30-37, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-9534

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Rosacea is characterized by erythema of the face that persists for several months or longer. Rosacea is usually diagnosed based on clinical presentation and a biopsy is rarely performed for diagnostic purposes. However, a biopsy may be helpful when the symptoms are atypical. OBJECTIVE: We identified commonly appearing histological characteristics of rosacea such as inflammation, sebaceous hyperplasia, granulomatous reaction, epidermal hyperplasia, Demodex, pustules, and fibrosis. In addition, we evaluated these according to clinical subtype. METHODS: We examined the histological findings of 200 rosacea patients who visited our hospital. Histological findings were evaluated according to clinical subtype. The standard classification and staging method published by the National Rosacea Society was used for clinical classification. RESULTS: The erythematotelangiectatic and papulopustular types of rosacea were the most common. Mild inflammation was found in 56.0% of the patients (1 and 1+) and 49.0% showed inflammation greater than 2 degrees. The most commonly observed histological features across all subtypes were sebaceous hyperplasia followed by epidermal hyperplasia and Demodex. However, sebaceous hyperplasia and Demodex were not observed in ocular rosacea. CONCLUSION: Some histological findings such as inflammation, granulomatous reaction, sebaceous hyperplasia, pustule, Demodex, epidermal hyperplasia, and fibrosis were commonly observed in rosacea. There were no distinctive subtype-specific characteristics, but various histological characteristics were observed in a single clinical subtype.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Classification , Erythema , Fibrosis , Hyperplasia , Inflammation , Rosacea
13.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 322-326, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14040

ABSTRACT

Vasculitis is a heterogeneous group of diseases that destroy blood vessel walls by inflammation. Approximately half of vasculitis cases are idiopathic, but sometimes associated with genetic factors, medicines, chronic infection, autoimmune diseases, and malignancies. Although the mechanism remains unclear, vasculitis secondary to malignancy, also known as paraneoplastic vasculitis, has been reported. It is generally associated with hematologic malignancies rather than solid malignancies and commonly presents as leukocytoclastic vasculitis or polyarteritis nodosa. We experienced a case of leukocytoclastic vasculitis in a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma and membranous obstruction of the inferior vena cava. Here, we report this case with a brief review of literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoimmune Diseases , Blood Vessels , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Hematologic Neoplasms , Inflammation , Polyarteritis Nodosa , Vasculitis , Vena Cava, Inferior
14.
Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science ; : 178-183, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-190166

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the possible paracrine effect of bone morphogeneticprotein-2 (BMP-2) at the experimental site on the adjacent control site for validating a rabbit calvarial defect model as a means of verifying the effect of BMP-2. METHODS: Sixteen rabbits were divided into two groups (n=8 in each) according to whether or not BMP-2 would be used. Two circular defects (8 mm in diameter) were created side by side, 2 mm apart, in the calvarium of all of the rabbits. In each animal, one of the defects was grafted with either BMP-2-loaded carrier or carrier material alone. The control defects adjacent to these grafted defects, designated CB (the nongrafted defect adjacent BMP-2-loaded carrier-grafted defect) and CC (the nongrafted defect adjacent to carrier only-grafted defect), respectively, were the focus of this study, and were filled only with a blood clot in all of the animals. Histologic observation and histomorphometric analysis were performed at 2 and 8 weeks (n=4 animals per point in time) after surgery. RESULTS: There was no noteworthy difference in the healing pattern, and no statistically significant differences in histomorphometric parameters such as the defect closure, new bone area, or total augmented area between the CC and CB groups. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that rabbit calvarial defects separated by a distance of 2 mm are suitable for evaluating the effects of BMP-2 and the control defect can be regarded not to be affected by BMP-2 applied defect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Animal Experimentation , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Bone Regeneration , Research Design , Skull , Transplants
15.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 116-119, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193683

ABSTRACT

Sarcoidosis, a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. The presentation of sarcoidal granuloma in neck nodes without typical manifestations of systemic sarcoidosis is difficult to diagnose. We describe the case of a 37-year-old woman with an increasing mass on the right side of neck. The excisional biopsy from the neck mass showed noncaseating epithelioid cell granuloma of the lymph nodes. No evidence of mycobacterial or fungal infection was noted. Thoracic evaluations did not show enlargement of mediastinal lymph nodes or parenchymal abnormalities. Immunohistochemistry showed abundant expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha in the granuloma. However, transforming growth factor-beta was not expressed, although interleukin-1beta was focally expressed. These immunohistochemical findings supported characterization of the granuloma and the diagnosis of sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis can present with cervical lymph node enlargement without mediastinal or lung abnormality. Immunohistochemistry may support the diagnosis of sarcoidosis and characterization of granuloma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Biopsy , Epithelioid Cells , Granuloma , Immunohistochemistry , Interleukin-1beta , Lung , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Diseases , Neck , Sarcoidosis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
16.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 120-123, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149908

ABSTRACT

Inhalation of toxic gases can lead to pneumonitis. It has been known that methane gas intoxication causes loss of consciousness or asphyxia. There is, however, a paucity of information about acute pulmonary toxicity from methane gas inhalation. A 21-year-old man was presented with respiratory distress after an accidental exposure to methane gas for one minute. He came in with a drowsy mentality and hypoxemia. Mechanical ventilation was applied immediately. The patient's symptoms and chest radiographic findings were consistent with acute pneumonitis. He recovered spontaneously and was discharged after 5 days without other specific treatment. His pulmonary function test, 4 days after methane gas exposure, revealed a restrictive ventilatory defect. In conclusion, acute pulmonary injury can occur with a restrictive ventilator defect after a short exposure to methane gas. The lung injury was spontaneously resolved without any significant sequela.


Subject(s)
Hypoxia , Asphyxia , Gases , Inhalation , Lung Injury , Methane , Pneumonia , Porphyrins , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Function Tests , Respiratory Insufficiency , Smoke Inhalation Injury , Thorax , Unconsciousness , Ventilators, Mechanical
17.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : 378-386, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-57562

ABSTRACT

12(S)-Hydroxyheptadeca-5Z,8E,10E-trienoic acid (12-HHT) is an enzymatic product of prostaglandin H2 (PGH2) derived from cyclooxygenase (COX)-mediated arachidonic acid metabolism. Despite the high level of 12-HHT present in tissues and bodily fluids, its precise function remains largely unknown. In this study, we found that 12-HHT treatment in HaCaT cells remarkably down-regulated the ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation-induced synthesis of interleukin-6 (IL-6), a pro-inflammatory cytokine associated with cutaneous inflammation. In an approach to identify the down-stream signaling mechanism by which 12-HHT down-regulates UVB-induced IL-6 synthesis in keratinocytes, we observed that 12-HHT inhibits the UVB-stimulated activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB). In addition, we found that 12-HHT markedly up-regulates MAPK phosphatase-1 (MKP-1), a critical negative regulator of p38 MAPK. When MKP-1 was suppressed by siRNA knock-down, the 12-HHT-mediated inhibitory effects on the UVB-stimulated activation of p38 MAPK and NF-kappaB, as well as the production of IL-6, were attenuated in HaCaT cells. Taken together, our results suggest that 12-HHT exerts anti-inflammatory effect via up-regulation of MKP-1, which negatively regulates p38 MAPK and NF-kappaB, thus attenuating IL-6 production in UVB-irradiated HaCaT cells. Considering the critical role of IL-6 in cutaneous inflammation, our findings provide the basis for the application of 12-HHT as a potential anti-inflammatory therapeutic agent in UV-induced skin diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Cell Line , Dual Specificity Phosphatase 1/biosynthesis , Enzyme Activation , Fatty Acids, Unsaturated/pharmacology , Interleukin-6/biosynthesis , Keratinocytes/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering , Receptors, Leukotriene B4/genetics , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Ultraviolet Rays , Up-Regulation , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism
18.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 428-431, 2006.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-102205

ABSTRACT

Membranous lipodystrophy represents a peculiar type of fat necrosis that is present in patients with various types of skin disease. It is characterized by the presence of microcysts and macrocysts and is lined by amorphous eosinophilic material with a crenelated arabesque appearance. These findings have been associated with lupus erythematosus, diabetes mellitus, erythema nodosum, trauma, etc. We report a case of a 43-year-old woman who had a red to purple asymptomatic indurated plaque, approximately seven cm in diameter and on the left arm. She was a chronic hepatitis B antigen carrier and had hypertension for four years. Histopathology of the biopsied lesion showed transepidermal elimination of altered collagen and elastic fibers, as well as membranous lipodystrophy changes. There were hypertensive vascular changes including lymphohistiocytic infiltration around the vascular wall, swelling of endothelial cells, increased thickness of the vascular walls, and narrowing of the lumen. We report a case showing transepidermal elimination with membranous lipodystrophy. We carefully suggest that the secondary phenomenon of transepidermal elimination was associated with membranous lipodystrophy and degenerate connective tissues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Skin Diseases/pathology , Lipodystrophy/complications , Hypertension/complications , Epidermis/pathology
19.
Korean Journal of Pathology ; : 99-105, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147995

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C and VEGF-D are novel growth factors that regulate lymphatic vessel growth. This study was designed to examine whether the expression of three VEGF family members, VEGF-A, VEGF-C and VEGF-D are associated with the clinicopathologic parameters, especially with lymph node metastasis, in advanced gastric carcinomas. METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining was performed for VEGF-A, VEGF-C, and VEGF-D in the surgically resected specimens from 102 patients with advanced gastric carcinoma. The mRNA expressions of the three VEGF family members were assessed in 16 cases of tumor tissues and their corresponding non-neoplastic tissues. RESULTS: Of the 102 gastric carcinomas, 74 (73%), 82 (80%), and 34 (33%) cases showed cytoplasmic immunoreactivity for VEGF-A, VEGF-C and VEGF-D, respectively. Both VEGF-A and VEGF-C expressions were associated with lymphatic invasion and lymph node metastasis (p0.05). In the tumor tissue, VEGF-C mRNA expression was greater, while VEGF-D mRNA expression was lower than in the nonneoplatic tissue adjacent to the tumor. CONCLUSIONS: VEGF-A and VEGF-C may play important roles for the lymphatic spread of gastric carcinoma. We suggest that neutralizing both VEGF-A and VEGF-C may be reguired to block lymph node metastasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Cytoplasm , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Vessels , Neoplasm Metastasis , RNA, Messenger , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor D , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
20.
The Journal of the Korean Academy of Periodontology ; : 675-685, 2005.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144859

ABSTRACT

Bone resorption involves sequential stages of osteoclast precursor migration and differen-tiation of osteoclast precursors into multinucleated osteoclasts. Stromal cell derived factor (SDF)-1 is a chemotactic factor for osteoclast precursor migration. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 is involved in migration of osteoclast precursors and activation of interleukin(IL)-1beta. Alveolar bone destruction is a characteristic feature of periodontal disease. Treponema lecithinolyticum is a oral spirochete isolated from the periodontal lesions. The effect of lipopolysaccharide(LPS) from T. lecithinolyticum on expression of SDF-1 and MMP-9 was examined in cocultures of bone marrow cells and osteblasts derived from mouse calvariae. T. lecithinolyticum LPS increased expression of MMP-9 in the coculture. Polymyxin B, an inhibitor of LPS, abolished the increase of MMP-9 mRNA expression by LPS. LPS did not increase the expression of SDF-1, IL-1beta and tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-alpha mRNA in cocultures. Prostaglandin E2(PGE2) up-regulated the expression of MMP-9 and NS398, an inhibitor of PGE2 synthesis, down-regulated the induction of MMP-9 expression by T. lecithinolyticm LPS. These results suggest that T. lecithinolytium LPS increases MMP-9 expression in bone cells via PGE2 and that the induction of MMP-9 expression by T. lecithinolyticum LPS is involved in alveolar bone destruction of periodontitis patients by the increase of osteoclast precursor migration and the activation of bone resorption-inducing cytokine.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals
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