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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 634-638, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980772

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of Bushen Anshen acupuncture (acupuncture for tonifying kidney and calming spirit ) in treating perimenopausal insomnia (PMI) of kidney-yin deficiency.@*METHODS@#A total of 72 patients with PMI of kidney-yin deficiency were randomized into an observation group (36 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (36 cases, 1 case dropped off). Acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20) and bilateral Shenshu (BL 23), Taixi (KI 3), Anmian (Extra) in the observation group, while sham acupuncture of shallow needling at non-acupoints was applied in the control group. The treatment was required once every other day, 3 times a week for 10 times in the two groups. Before and after treatment, Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) was used to evaluate the subjective sleep quality, and polysomnography (PSG) was used to monitor the objective sleep quality in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, sleep efficiency, hypnotic, daytime dysfunction and total score of PSQI were decreased compared with those before treatment in the observation group (P<0.01), the scores of sleep duration, sleep efficiency and total score of PSQI were decreased compared with those before treatment in the control group (P<0.05); the scores of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep efficiency, hypnotic and total score of PSQI in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the sleep time was prolonged, the sleep efficiency was improved, the sleep latency and the awake time after falling asleep were shortened, the arousal awake index was reduced (P<0.01) when PSG indexes were monitored, and the percentage of non-rapid eye movement sleep period 1 (N1%) was decreased while the percentage of non-rapid eye movement sleep period 3 (N3%) was increased (P<0.05) compared with those before treatment in the observation group; there was no statistical difference in the PSG indexes compared with those before treatment in the control group (P>0.05). After treatment, compared with the control group, the sleep time was prolonged, the sleep efficiency was improved, the sleep latency and the awake time after falling asleep were shortened, the arousal awake index and N1% were decreased in the observation group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Bushen Anshen acupuncture can effectively improve the subjective and objective sleep quality in PMI patients of kidney-yin deficiency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Perimenopause , Yin Deficiency , Acupuncture Therapy , Kidney , Hypnotics and Sedatives
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3024-3031, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999052

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the role and mechanism of terpinen-4-ol (T4O) on high glucose (HG) -induced calcification in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC). To investigate the role of T4O on HG-induced calcium deposition, osteogenic phenotypic transformation and mitochondrial dynamics in VSMC, Mdivi-1, a mitochondrial dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp-1) inhibitor, was used to analyze the correlation between mitochondrial dynamics and VSMC calcification and the role of T4O. Alizarin red S staining was used to observe calcium salt deposition and flow cytometry to detect intracellular Ca2+ content; Western blot and immunofluorescence were used to detect the expression of phenotypic switching-related markers α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) and Runt related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), and mitochondrial dynamics-related markers mitofusin 1 (MFN1), mitofusin 2 (MFN2) and Drp-1. The results showed that low and high doses of T4O could inhibit HG-induced down-regulation of α-SMA, MFN1 and MFN2 expression levels, and up-regulation of BMP2, Runx2 and Drp-1 expression levels, reduce intracellular Ca2+ content and calcium salt deposition, and effectively inhibit HG-induced VSMC calcification and mitochondrial dynamics disorders. The T4O group, Mdivi-1 group and T4O+Mdivi-1 group were able to up-regulate the expression levels of HG-induced α-SMA, MFN1 and MFN2, down-regulate the protein expression levels of BMP2, Runx2 and Drp-1, and inhibit calcium salt deposition, and there was no significant difference between the above indexes in the T4O and T4O+Mdivi-1 groups. The above findings suggest that T4O can inhibit the expression level of Drp-1, regulate the disturbance of mitochondrial dynamics, and suppress HG-induced VSMC calcification.

3.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 342-347, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965851

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the clinical efficacy of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic spine system (TESSYS) in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) complicated with nerve root canal stenosis. MethodsA retrospective study was done on 40 LDH patients complicated with nerve root canal stenosis who underwent TESSYS in our hospital from April 2019 to April 2021. The clinical efficacy of the patients was evaluated by the modified Mac Nab criteria 12 months after the surgery. We also measured and analyzed the scores of visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and Japanese orthopaedic association (JOA), the changes of structural parameters of lumbar spine and inflammatory factor levels preoperatively, 6 and 12 months after the surgery. ResultsAll the 40 cases successfully underwent the surgery and follow-ups, with a 12-month post-operative clinical excellent and good rate of 90%. The preoperative, 6-month and 12-month post-operative VAS scores were (7.38±2.06), (2.36±0.87) and (1.62±0.82), respectively. The respective ODI scores were (55.54±11.19), (26.52±7.61) and (18.14±4.36); JOA scores (13.93±2.10), (20.26±1.35) and (22.34±1.88). The post-operative scores of VAS, ODI and JOA were significantly improved compared with those before the surgery (P<0.05). The preoperative and post-operative lumbosacral angles were (37.23±6.84)° and (27.37±4.31)°, respectively, with the respective lumbar curvatures of (13.48±3.06) mm and (22.36±4.51) mm. The post-operative lumbosacral angle and lumbar curvature were significantly improved compared with those before the surgery (P<0.05). The preoperative and post-operative high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels were (3.43±0.61) mg/L and (5.18±0.70) mg/L, respectively, with the respective tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) levels of (1.44±0.27) mg/L and (2.07±0.44) mg/L. The post-operative levels of hs-CRP and TNF-α were significantly higher than those before the surgery (P<0.05). ConclusionIn the treatment of LDH complicated with nerve root canal stenosis, TESSYS achieves a good clinical effect, improves the structure and function of the lumbar spine, reduces the degree of lumbar spine pain, and has a mild post-operative inflammatory reaction.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 159-166, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940399

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the effect of flower removal on the content of three alkaloids in different parts of Fritillaria thunbergii from different regions and at different growth stages. MethodThe content of peiminine, peimine, and peimisine in the bulb, root, stem, and leaf of F. thunbergii after flower removal and with flower un-removed at different growth stages and in different regions were determined simultaneously by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light scattering detection (UPLC-ELSD) method. The UPLC was conducted on ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm × 150 mm, 1.7 μm) with the mobile phase of 0.02% triethylamine aqueous solution (A) and methanol (B)elution gradient(0-2 min, 45%A; 2-5 min, 45%-25%A; 5-7 min, 25%A; 7-17 min, 25%-10%A; 17-20 min, 10%A), flow velocity of 0.20 mL·min-1, column temperature 35 °C, sample room temperature of 20 °C, and injection volume of 3 µL. The ELSD was carried out at drift tube temperature 45 °C and with the sprayer parameter of 40%. ResultThe flower removal significantly increased the yield of F. thunbergii. At the budding stage, the alkaloid content in the bulb of F. thunbergii from Ningbo in Zhejiang, Pan'an in Zhejiang, and Nantong in Jiangsu after flower removal were significantly higher than that of flowering un-removal treatment, while it showed no significant difference between the flower removal and un-removal treatments for the samples from Fengjie in Chongqing. At the flowering stage, the alkaloid content in the bulb of F. thunbergii from Nantong in Jiangsu after flower removal was significantly higher than that of flower un-removal treatment, while it showed an opposite trend for the samples from Pan'an in Zhejiang and Fengjie in Chongqing and had no significant difference between the two treatments for the samples from Ningbo in Zhejiang. At the bulb expansion stage, the alkaloid content in the bulb of F. thunbergii from Ningbo in Zhejiang and Pan’an in Zhejiang after flower removal were significantly higher than that of flower un-removal treatment, which was opposite for the samples from Nantong in Jiangsu and had no significant difference between the treatments for the samples from Fengjie in Chongqing. At the harvest stage, except for the samples from Pan'an in Zhejiang, the samples from the rest 3 regions showed decreased alkaloid content in the bulb after flower removal compared with that of flower un-removal treatment. The alkaloid content in the leaf was higher than that in the bulb of F. thunbergii at all growth stages and from different origins. ConclusionFlower removal can increase the yield of F. thunbergii. The alkaloid content in the bulb of F. thunbergii with flower removed was higher than that with flower un-removed at the budding stage, while this trend was reversed at the harvest stage. Both the yield and the alkaloid content of F. thunbergii from Pan'an in Zhejiang were increased by flower removal. The above-ground part of F. thunbergii has a potential development value.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1673-1679, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825320

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To examine the relationship between age-related cataracts(ARC)and comorbid hypertension and diabetes. <p>METHODS: We analyzed the administrative records of 6 467 patients aged 50 years and older admitted to the ophthalmological department of a tertiary hospital from January 1st, 2011 to May 20th, 2017. With either eye considered, an ARC(<i>n</i>=3 343)was defined as the presence of lens opacity or previous cataract surgery without evidence of trauma, congenital anomalies or using certain medications. Patients admitted to the same department during the same period due to ocular traumas without clinical evidence of cataracts(<i>n</i>=379)were recruited as the cataract-free controls. Unconditional Logistic regressions were ran to obtain the odds ratio(<i>OR</i>)of hypertension and diabetes among ARC patients adjusted for age, sex and health care accessibility.<p>RESULTS: Hypertension was diagnosed in 29.54% of men with any type of cataracts, in 30.12% of men with an ARC, and 10.82% of men of cataract-free controls. Diabetes was diagnosed in 16.64% of men with any type of cataracts, in 16.48% of men with ARC and 4.22% of men of cataract-free controls. Similar patterns were observed among women. After adjusting for age, sex, and health care accessibility, hypertension was weakly \〖<i>OR</i>=1.83(95% <i>CI</i>: 1.23, 2.74)\〗 and diabetes was strongly \〖3.38(1.86, 6.15)\〗 associated with ARCs. The adjusted OR of comorbid hypertension and diabetes among adults with ARC was 18.20(4.38, 75.59). <p>CONCLUSION: Hypertension and diabetes were independently associated with ARC. Hypertension and diabetes, if co-existing, multiplicatively strengthened the association with ARC.

6.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 670-673, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844403

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the regularity of acupoint selection in the treatment of insomnia by using catgut embedding so as to provide reference and evidence for clinical application. METHODS: Sixty-six studies about acupoint catgut embedding treatment of insomnia published from 1996 to 2017 were finally selected from the databases of China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Journal of Science and Technology of VIP (VIP), and WanFang Database. The Excel 2016 software was used for data processing and analysis, SPSS 21.0 was employed for descriptive and cluster analyses, and the Clementine 12.0 software was employed to analyze the association regularities of the most frequently used acupoints or acupoint recipes. RESULTS: The most frequently selected main acupoints for insomnia by using catgut embedment are Xinshu (BL 15), Shenshu (BL 23), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Pishu (BL 20), Ganshu (BL 18), combined with adjuvant acupoints Danshu (BL 19) and Fenglong (ST 40). The most frequently selected channels are the Bladder and Stomach Meridians, and the most frequently involved body positions are the back and lower limbs. Effective clusterings are BL 20-SP 6, Shenmen (HT 7)-Anmian, ST 40-Shenting (GV 24), Qihai (CV 6)-Jueyinshu (BL 14). Descriptive analysis indicated: ①The stronger correlation acupoint groups between back-shu points are BL 18-BL 23; BL 18,BL 15-BL 23; BL 18,BL 20,BL 15-BL 23. ②The stronger correlation acupoint groups between common acupoints are Neiguan (PC 6),Zusanli (ST 36) -SP 6; PC 6, HT 7 - SP 6.③The stronger correlation acupoint groups between common acupoints and back-shu points are BL 18, SP 6-BL 23; PC 6, BL 23 - SP 6; ST 36, PC 6, BL 15 - SP 6; BL 18,BL 15,SP 6 - BL 23. CONCLUSION: Acupoint catgut embedding therapy is effective in the treatment of insomnia, being worthy of further popularization in clinical practice.

7.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 691-693, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772434

ABSTRACT

Clavicle fracture, a very rare delayed complication following radical neck dissection of oral carcinoma, is normally ignored by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. We report and analyze a male patient with clavicle fracture after primary extended excision and bilateral radical neck dissection. This case was misdiagnosed as cervical metastasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Clavicle , Fractures, Bone , Mouth Floor , Mouth Neoplasms , Neck Dissection
8.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 209-213, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329846

ABSTRACT

Cesarean scar pregnancy is an uncommon ectopic gestation. Without timely and proper management, it may cause major bleeding, uterine rupture, and other life-threatening complications. The causes of this condition remain unclear, and no standardized management has been available, although some medical and surgical treatment modalities have been suggested. The main treatment objectives include preventing massive blood loss, preserving the uterus function, and maintain the women's health and quality of life. Current data do not support expectant management. After early diagnosis, single or combined medical and surgical treatment options should be provided to avoid uterine rupture and haemorrhage, so as to preserve the uterus and thus the fertility.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Cicatrix , Therapeutics , Embolization, Therapeutic , Laparoscopy , Pregnancy, Ectopic , Therapeutics
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 108-111, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230322

ABSTRACT

The study was aimed to investigate the value of activated plasma clotting time (APCT) for estimating the efficacy of platelet transfusion therapy. There were twenty patients with hematological diseases, who received transfusion of platelet, involved in the test. APCT was determined before and after transfusion of these patients, then APCT was contrasted with corresponding CCI and PPR. The results showed that 1 hour and 24 hour APCTs were shortened obviously. APCT before transfusion was (103.7 +/- 11.3) seconds, but the 1 hour and 24 hour APCTs were shortened to (60.0 +/- 9.7) seconds and (68.5 +/- 9.8) seconds respectively (P < 0.01). According to the judging criteria of CCI and PPR (CCI and PPR values at 1 and 24 hours after transfusion are < 7500, < 5000 and < 30%, < 20% respectively, the transfusion is invalid), two patients received invalid transfusion. Their 1 and 24 hour CCIs were 7415, 2966 and 6913, 4988 respectively. Their 1 and 24 hour PPRs were 28.0%, 11.2% and 25.2%, 14.1% respectively. One patient's PPR reached the standard of invalid transfusion, but his CCI showed a valid transfusion he received. Two patients' PPR reached the standard of invalid transfusion, but their 1 hour CCI reached the standard of valid transfusion, and their 24 hour CCI reached the standard of invalid transfusion. It is concluded that APCT reflects the variations of quantity and quality of platelet simultaneously, and can evaluate precisely the efficacy of platelet transfusion.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Agents , Bleeding Time , Blood Platelets , Physiology , Leukemia , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Therapeutics , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Platelet Count , Platelet Transfusion , Thrombocytopenia , Therapeutics , Whole Blood Coagulation Time , Methods
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