Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 3 de 3
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2775-2781, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847558

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Deposition of neurofibrillary tangles is closely related to cognitive decline in Alzheimer’s disease, and tau protein is an important component. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease and the role of tau protein hyperphosphorylation in the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. METHODS: The first author searched for relevant articles published from January 2001 to January 2019 in WanFang, CNKI, Vip, PubMed, and Embase with the key words of “Alzheimer’s disease; tau protein; β-amyloid cascade.” RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Hyperphosphorylation of tau protein and formation of paired helix filaments are considered to be the basis of neuronal degradation in Alzheimer’s disease. tau protein may not depend on the cascade response triggered by β-amyloid deposition in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease, and tau protein-associated vaccine immunity has been verified to produce a curative effect in clinical trials. Further exploration on the relationship between tau protein, β-amyloid protein and Alzheimer’s disease is necessary to better understand the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease, and provide a theoretical basis for the development of therapeutic drugs for Alzheimer’s disease.

2.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2634-2641, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486450

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Eye acupuncture therapy is a technique used to adjust qi-blood circulation, relax muscles and tendons, and activate col aterals by acupuncture at the acupoints around the eye bal s and in the orbital border. This therapy has been widely used in the clinic because it exhibits remarkable therapeutic effects on many ischemic cerebrovascular diseases. However, the precise mechanism behind this therapy remains poorly understood. Neurotrophic factors are a protein family including neurotrophic factors and brain-derived neurotrophic factors that can regulate neuronal survival, development and functioning. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of eye acupuncture therapy on neurological function and nerve growth factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression in the brain tissue of rat models of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. METHODS: Fifty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups with 18 rats per group: sham-operated, model and eye acupuncture therapy groups. Rat models of middle cerebral artery occlusion were established by the intraluminal suture method in the model and eye acupuncture therapy groups. Eye acupuncture was performed at the fol owing acupoints liver area, upper-jiao area, lower-jiao area and kidney area located at the internal orbital margin at 2 hours after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Rat neurological function was evaluated at 3, 7, and 14 days after injury. Nerve growth factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression in the rat brain tissue was detected using immunohistochemical staining method at 1 and 2 weeks after treatment. Cerebral infarct size was determined using TTC staining at 2 weeks after treatment. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) At 1 and 2 weeks after injury, nerve growth factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression was significantly greater in the eye acupuncture therapy group than in the model group (P < 0.05), but nerve growth factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression in the eye acupuncture therapy group was decreased at 2 weeks after injury compared to that at 1 week after injury. (2) At 7 and 14 days after treatment, neurological function scores in the eye acupuncture therapy group were significantly lowered, and there was significant difference between eye acupuncture therapy and model groups (P < 0.05), but they were significantly higher than those in the sham-operated group (P< 0.05). (3) At 2 weeks after treatment, cerebral infarct size was significantly greater in the eye acupuncture therapy and model groups than in the sham-operated group (P < 0.01), and it was significantly smal er in the eye acupuncture therapy group than in the model group (P < 0.05). (4)These results indicate that eye acupuncture therapy shows neuroprotective effects on ischemic cerebral injury by increasing nerve growth factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression, improving neurological function, and reducing cerebral infarct size.

3.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 548-551, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485931

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of salmeterol and fluticasone combined with the conventional treatment on the airway remodeling and bone metabolism in the patients with severe chronic obstructive lung disease ( chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD. Methods:Totally 90 patients with severe COPD were divided into the observation group and the control group according to the order of admission. The control group was received the conventional treatment, and the observation group was treated with salmeterol and fluticasone additionally. The course of treatment was 8 weeks. Before the treatment and in the 3rd and 12th month after the treat-ment, the changes in the levels of bone mineral density ( BMD) in femoral neck bone, serum osteocalcin ( BGP) , alkaline phosphatase (AKP), the total number of induced sputum cells, neutrophils percentage, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), leukocyte mediated element 8 (IL-8), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) and other indicators were detected and compared. Results: BGP, AKP and BMD of the two groups in the 3rd month after the treatment were not significantly changed (P>0. 05), while in the 12th month after the treatment, BMD in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group and that before the treat-ment, and BGP and AKP in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group and that before the treatment (P<0. 05). The total number of induced sputum cells, the percentage of neutrophils, FEV1, MMP-P and IL-8 in the two groups were significantly improved in the 12th month after the treatment (P<0. 05), and the difference between the two groups was statistically sig-nificant except IL-8 (P<0. 05). Conclusion:Salmeterol and fluticasone propionate can effectively improve airway remodeling in the patients with COPD. Short time use of salmeterol and fluticasone propionate shows no adverse effect on the bone metabolism, while long-term use would lead to reduced bone mineral density.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL