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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 370-374, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885024

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of single kidney transplantation for children from pediatric donors between body weight ≤15 kg and >15 kg.Methods:A retrospective review in 156 children with single donor kidney transplantation from August 2010 to December 2019 in the Kidney Transplantation Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University was conducted. The patients were classified into the small kidney group (pediatric donor body weight ≤15 kg) and the big kidney group (pediatric donor body weight >15 kg). In this study, 89 cases were concluded in the small kidney group and 67 cases were concluded in the big kidney group. The donor kidneys were obtained from 46 cases of small weight (≤15 kg) pediatric donors and 48 cases of large weight (>15 kg) pediatric donors. There were significant differences in age [1.00 (0.02 - 4.00) years vs. 10.00 (3.00-18.00) years], body weight [10.0 (3.4 - 15.0) kg vs. 35.0 (16.2- 35.0) kg], height [76 (50- 113) cm vs. 144 (67-172) cm], GFR [(31.50±7.46)ml/min vs. (36.79±7.00) ml/min], and renal length to diameter [(5.91±0.48) cm vs. (8.71±1.88) cm] between the small kidney group and the big kidney group ( P < 0.01). There was no significant difference between the two groups of donors in gender, cold/warm ischemia time and cause of death ( P>0.05). There were significant differences in age [(11.28±3.89) years vs. (13.86±3.56) years], body weight [(31.83±10.45)kg vs. (35.13±9.15) kg], and height [(130.02±28.56) cm vs. (143.97±16.59) cm] between recipients of the small kidney group and big kidney group ( P < 0.05). While there were no significant differences in preoperative serum creatinine level [(822.65 ± 135.04) μmol/L vs. (777.31 ± 165.40) μmol/L], HLA mismatch [(3.4 ± 1.4) site vs. (3.2±1.3) site], and primary disease between the two groups ( P > 0.05). The recovery of renal function, postoperative adverse events, postoperative children, and graft survival were compared between the two groups. Results:The renal function of the two groups of recipients returned to normal 3 months after operation. The perioperative complications in the small kidney group and the big kidney group mainly included renal delayed recovery [5.6% (5/89) vs. 7.5% (5/67), P=0.89], renal vascular embolization [3.4% (3/89) vs. 0, P=0.35], and acute rejection [2.2% (2/89) vs. 4.3% (3/67) , P=0.75]. The main cause of recipient death during the follow-up period was pulmonary infection [4.5% (4/89) vs. 6.0% (4/67) , P=0.68]. The postoperative small kidney group was followed up for an average of 30 (3-74) months. The survival rates of children in the small kidney group at the 1, 3 and 5 years after surgery were 96.6% (86/89), 91.0% (81/89) and 91.0%(81/89), while the transplanted renal survival rates were 92.1% (82/89), 86.5% (77/89) and 84.2% (75/89), respectively. The postoperative big kidney group was followed up for an average of 32 (4-89 ) months. The survival rates of children in the big kidney group were 95.5% (64/67), 94.0% (63/67) and 91.0%(61/67) in the first 1, 3 and 5 years postoperatively, while the graft survival rates were 92.5% (62/67), 83.6% (56/67) and 83.6% (56/67), respectively. The postoperative kidneys of two groups were fast-growing, and there was no significant difference between the small kidney group and the big kidney group in graft length to diameter [(9.63±0.31) cm vs. (9.75±0.71) cm] after 1 year ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The effect of single pediatric kidney transplantation for pediatric donor with body weight ≤15 kg is equivalent to that for pediatric donor with body weight >15 kg , which can be carried out clinically.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 339-349, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884725

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference of curative effect between zero-profile bridge-shaped locking cage (ROI-C) and anterior cage combined with titanium plate fixation in the treatment of two-level and three-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy.Methods:A total of 85 patients (43 males and 42 females), aged 52.3±8.0 years (range from 28 to 66 years) with bi- and three-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy who received surgical treatment from June 2017 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 63 cases of two levels and 22 cases of three levels. 45 cases were treated with zero-profile bridge-shaped locking cage ROI-C (ROI-C group), and 40 cases with anterior cage combined with titanium plate fixation (titanium plate group). The main observation indicators include operation time, intraoperative blood loss, cervical Cobb angle, fusion segment Cobb angle, average intervertebral height, pain visual analogue scale (VAS), Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) Score and neck disability index (NDI).Results:All of 85 patients were followed up for 16.9±2.0 months (range 12 to 22 months). The operation time of two-level ROI-C group was 110.37±8.25 min, which was shorter than 139.5±10.54 min of titanium plate group; the intraoperative blood loss was 15.74±8.10 ml, which was less than 23.71±9.70 ml of titanium plate group; the operation time of three-level ROI-C group was 130.00±5.70 min, which was shorter than 162.83±5.59 min of titanium plate group, while the difference in the intraoperative blood loss between the two groups had no statistical significance. One year after operation, Cobb angle of cervical vertebra in double and three-level ROI-C groups were 15.31°±1.55° and 15.20°±0.42°, respectively, which were largerthan 11.23°±2.03° and 9.20°±1.14° before operation; in titanium plate group, they were 15.89°±1.13° and 16.08°±1.88°, which were higher than 11.25°±2.01° and 9.00°±1.60° before operation, and the differences had statistical significance. The differences between the two groups before operation and 1 year after operation had no statistical significance. One year after operation, the VAS scores of double and three-level ROI-C groups were 1.83±0.66 points and 2.60±0.52 points, respectively, which were less than the preoperative 7.49±0.51 points and 7.60±0.52 points; the titanium plate group was 1.79±0.50 points and 2.41±0.51 points, which were less than the preoperative 7.61±0.63 points and 7.42±0.52 points, and the differences had statistical significance. There was no significant difference between the two groups before operation and 1 year after operation. One year after operation, the JOA scores of double and three-level ROI-C groups were 15.00±0.84 points and 14.70±0.95 points, respectively, which were higher than the preoperative 7.20±0.87 points and 6.60±1.27 points; the scores of titanium plate group were 15.29±0.85 points and 14.83±0.58 points, which were higher than the preoperative 6.89±1.03 points and 6.92±0.67 points, and the differences had statistical significance. The differences between the two groups had no statistical significance. The postoperative JOA improvement rate was excellent. Postoperative dysphagia occurred in 1 case (2.22%, 1/45) in ROI-C group and 8 cases (20.00%, 8/40) in titanium plate group, and the difference in the incidence rate between two groups had statistical significance ( χ2=5.32, P=0.02). Conclusion:Both ROI-C and anterior cage combined with titanium plate fixation in the treatment of double and three-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy can achieve good short-term clinical efficacy, with shorter operation time and lower incidence rate of postoperative dysphagia using ROI-C.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884647

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in China. Unfortunately, most of HCC patients were diagnosed at the intermediate or advanced stage, losing the chance to receive the surgical intervention. Locoregional interventional treatment is one of the major therapeutic options for inoperable HCC treatment and prolongs the survival of the patients. Evaluation of the efficacy of the treatment is the important to determine the further therapy strategies. Currently, the evaluation of patients’ response is mainly based on CT and MR anatomic morphological images, but characteristics of tumor biology changes can be observed earlier than the morphological changes. In the recent years, with the development of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), its value in clinical application has been continuously explored, and it has been increasingly used for quantitative evaluation the diffusion of water molecular and microcirculation perfusion of blood flow in tumor tissue, with some progress in evaluating the tumor response. This paper mainly reviewed the recent research findings of DWI on locoregional interventional treatment for HCC, thereby providing guidance on clinical practice.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the patient profiles and therapeutic efficacies of ABO-incompatible living-related kidney transplantations at 19 domestic transplant centers and provide rationales for clinical application of ABOi-KT.Methods:Clinical cases of ABO-incompatible/compatible kidney transplantation (ABOi-KT/ABOc-KT) from December 2006 to December 2009 were collected. Then, statistical analyses were conducted from the aspects of tissue matching, perioperative managements, complications and survival rates of renal allograft or recipients.Results:Clinical data of 342 ABOi-KT and 779 ABOc-KT indicated that (1) no inter-group differences existed in age, body mass index (BMI), donor-recipient relationship or waiting time of pre-operative dialysis; (2) ABO blood type: blood type O recipients had the longest waiting list and transplantations from blood type A to blood type O accounted for the largest proportion; (3) HLA matching: no statistical significance existed in mismatch rate or positive rate of PRA I/II between two types of surgery; (4) CD20 should be properly used on the basis of different phrases; (5) hemorrhage was a common complication during an early postoperative period and microthrombosis appeared later; (6) no difference existed in postoperative incidence of complications or survival rate of renal allograft and recipients at 1/3/5/10 years between ABOi-KT and ABOc-KT. The acute rejection rate and serum creatinine levels of ABOi-KT recipients were comparable to those of ABOc-KT recipients within 1 year.Conclusions:ABOi-KT is both safe and effective so that it may be applied at all transplant centers as needed.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870550

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacies of single-center pediatric transplantations and discuss the current problems.Methods:From July 2007 to September 2019, the clinical data of 202 children (aged ≤17 years) undergoing renal transplantation were reviewed. And their perioperative complications, transplantation outcomes and patient/kidney survival were analyzed.Results:The most common perioperative complication was delayed graft function (DGF)( n=24, 11.9%), recurrence of renopathy ( n=8, 4.0%) and acute rejection ( n=21, 10.4%). The major causes of death and graft failure were lung infection ( n=9, 4.5%) and rejection ( n=11, 5.4%). Perioperative serum creatinine decreased progressively from (816.1±303.1) μmol/L preoperatively to (62.7±20.6) μmol/L at Month 3 post-operation. The value of eGFR were (166.8±37.3), (135.1±29.0) and (109.9±31.1) ml/(min·1.73 m 2) at Year 1/3/5 post-operation respectively. The survival rates were 96.7%, 96.3%, 94.1%, 93.5%, 94.1% and 90.7% at Year 1/3/5 post-operation respectively. No difference existed in human/kidney survival rate between LD and DD groups at Year 1/3/5 post-operation ( P>0.05) and transplantation outcomes were excellent. Conclusions:Effective and successful outcomes have been achieved at our center. And further optimizations are required for resolving various problems.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868922

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the predictive value of pretreatment apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) on prognosis in patients with isolated large hepatocellular carcinoma(SLHCC) treated by combined transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 40 patients with SLHCC who were treated at the Department of Interventional Radiology, the First Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from December 2014 to July 2018, with combined TACE and RFA. There were 34 males and 6 females, with an average age of 55.9 years. All patients underwent enhanced abdominal MRI within 1 week before and 1 month after treatment. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to assess the predictive efficacy value of ADC. The survival curves were plotted by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared with the log-rank test. Univariate and multivariate prognostic analyses were performed using the Cox proportional hazard models.Results:After treatment, there were 18 patients with complete response and 12 with partial response. The objective response rate was 75.0% (30/40). The area under ROC curve of ADC in predicting the effectiveness of TACE combined with RFA (complete response + partial response) was 0.86 (95% CI: 0.74-0.98). The optimal threshold was 1.32×10 -3 mm 2/s, the sensitivity was 0.63, and the specificity was 1.00. The progression-free survival rate and cumulative survival rate in the high ADC group (≥1.32×10 -3mm 2/s, n=19) were better than that in the low ADC group (<1.32×10 -3mm 2/s, n=21), with significant differences (both P<0.05). On multivariate analysis, ADC<1.32×10 -3mm 2/s ( HR=3.711, 95% CI: 1.705-8.074; P<0.05) was an independent risk factor for progression-free survival, while ADC < 1.32×10 -3mm 2/s ( HR=3.518, 95% CI: 1.016-12.185, P<0.05) was an independent risk factor for overall survival. Conclusion:Preoperative ADC was an independent risk factor for prognosis in patients with SLHCC undergoing TACE combined with RFA. It has value in prognostic prediction.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828856

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the accuracy and positive rate of ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (US-FNA) cytology for detecting suspected thyroid cancer nodules of different sizes.@*METHODS@#A total of 591 patients with 594 suspected malignant thyroid nodules received examinations with US-FNA cytology. Based on their size, the nodules were divided into group I (4-5 mm), group II (6-10 mm), group III (>10 mm). With the results of pathology as the standard, we analyzed the results of US-FNA cytology for detecting thyroid carcinoma in terms of its accuracy, indeterminate rate, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for nodules of different sizes.@*RESULTS@#The positive rates in group I, group II and group III were 39.2% (40/102), 48.2% (172/357) and 65.2% (88/135), respectively, similar between groups I and II (=0.107) and differed significantly between groups I and III (=0.000) and between groups II and III (=0.001). The accuracy, indeterminate rate, positive predictive value and negative predictive value in the 3 groups were 95.5% (21/22), 97.1% (100/103), and 94.4% (51/54); 2.9% (3/102), 2.8% (10/357), and 1.5% (2/135); 100%, 100%, and 98%; 66.7%, 57.1%, and 33.3%, respectively, showing no significant differences among the 3 groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The size of the thyroid nodules can affect the positive rate but does not have significant effects on the accuracy, indeterminate rate, positive predictive value or negative predictive value of US-FNA cytology.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography, Interventional
8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1367-1372, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791152

ABSTRACT

Objective By detecting the expression of interleukin-13 (IL-13 and periostin in the airway of asthmatic patients,the pathological changes and pulmonary functions of airway tissues in asthmatic patients were evaluated,and the role of IL-13 and periostin airway remodeling in bronchial asthma was preliminarily explored.Methods The bronchial tissues adjacent to tumor nest were obtained from 12 patients with lung cancer complicated with bronchial asthma (asthmatic group) and 12 lung cancer patients without bronchial asthma (non-asthmatic group) after lung cancer resection.Pulmonary function was measured for all subjects before surgery.Pathological changes of airway tissues and degree of airway remodeling were assessed by hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining,masson's trichrome staining,and periodic acid-silver methenamine (PASM) staining of paraffin-embedded sections.The expression of IL-13 and periostin in bronchial tissues were evaluated by immunohistochemistry.Results Values of the forced expiratory volume in 1 second of the predicted value (FEV1% pred) and FEV1/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC%) in asthmatic patients were significantly decreased compared with the non-asthmatic patients (P < 0.05),indicating that lung function was impaired in asthmatic patients.There was more severe airway remodeling representing as thickening of basement membranes,collagen deposition,and increasing of goblet cells and fibroblasts in asthmatic patients than in non-asthmatic patients (all P < 0.05).The expression of IL-13 and periostin were higher in asthmatic tissues than in non-asthmatic tissues (P < 0.05).The immunohistochemical expression of IL-13 and periostin in bronchial tissues were positively correlated with the degree of airway remodeling in asthmatic patients,and the expression of IL-13 and periostin in bronchial tissues were positively correlated with each other.Conclusions The expression of IL-13 and periostin were increased in bronchial tissue in patients with asthma.They work together to promote the occurrence of airway remodeling,which eventually lead to a decline in lung function.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 737-746, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755213

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of percutaneous curved vertebroplasty in the treatment of thoracolum?bar osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). Methods All of 85 patients with single thoracolumbar vertebral OVCFs who met the admission criteria from January 2017 to July 2018 were divided into three groups according to the random dig?its table method. They were treated with percutaneous curved vertebroplasty, routine unipedicular PVP and routine bipedicular PVP respectively. There were 25 patients in the percutaneous curved vertebroplasty group, 6 males and 19 females; aged 56-80 years, with an average age of 70.6±9.7 years. Fracture vertebral body distribution:T10 2 cases,T11 4 cases,T12 3 cases, L1 9 cases, L2 3 cases, L3 1 case, L4 1 case and L5 2 cases. There were 32 patients in the routine unipedicular PVP group, 6 males and 26 fe? males; aged 58-75 years, with an average age of 69.5±9.3 years. Fracture vertebral body distribution: T10 2 cases, T11 4 cases, T12 5 cases, L1 11 cases, L2 6 cases, L3 1 case, L4 1 case and L5 2 cases. There were 28 patients in the routine bipedicular PVP group, 5 males and 23 females; aged 59-81 years, with an average age of 69.8±8.8 years. Fracture vertebral body distribution: T10 2 cases, T11 4 cases, T12 4 cases, L1 10 cases, L2 4 cases, L3 1 case, L4 1 case and L5 2 cases. The operation time, injected cement volume, in?traoperative blood loss were recorded and analyzed. Preoperative, postoperative 1 week and 3 months visual analogue scale scores and oswestry disability index were adopted to value the clinical improvements. Preoperative, postoperative 1 week and 3 months relative vertebral height and kyphosis correction, and the cement leakage rate were measured and analyzed. Results There was no significant difference in the data of gender, age, VAS scores, ODI and distribution of fracture vertebrae among the three groups (P>0.05), and the baseline data was comparable. The average VAS score in the percutaneous curved vertebroplasty group was 2.3±0.5 at 1 week after surgery, that of the routine unipedicular PVP group was 2.4±0.4 and that of the routine bipe?dicular PVP group was 2.4±0.4; the average ODI in the percutaneous curved vertebroplasty group was 19.8%±3.9%, that of the routine unipedicular PVP group was 20.0%±4.1% and that of the routine bipedicular PVP group was 19.9%±3.8%; they were lower than the preoperative data, which were statistically significant (P<0.001). The average relative vertebral height in the percutaneous curved vertebroplasty group was 48.99%±9.23% at 3 months after surgery, that of the routine unipedicular PVP group was 47.11%±10.12% and that of the routine bipedicular PVP group was 46.71%±11.16%; the average kyphosis cor?rection in the percutaneous curved vertebroplasty group was 6.21%±1.94%, that of the routine unipedicular PVP group was 5.22%±2.07% and that of the routine bipedicular PVP group was 5.97%±2.09%; there was 1 cement leakage case in the per?cutaneous curved vertebroplasty group; those of the routine unipedicular PVP group were 4 cases and those of the routine bipe?dicular PVP group were 6 cases; there was no significant difference among the three groups (P>0.05). Operation time 39.10± 2.00 min vs 38.70±1.70 min, injected cement volume 3.60±0.11 ml vs 3.50±0.13 ml and blood loss 5.10±0.30 ml vs 5.00±0.40 ml of the percutaneous curved vertebroplasty group and the routine unipedicular PVP group were less than those of the routine bipedicular PVP group, which were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclution Percutaneous curved vertebroplasty could achieve satisfactory clinical outcomes for OVCFs, with advantages of less operation time, less blood loss, limited X?ray expo?sure, less injected cement volume, and more balanced augmentation for stabilization of the affected vertebrae and total verte?bral column.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802606

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the degree of social support in patients after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting(CABG) and its influence on Acute Stress Disorder (ASD), in order to provide theory evidence for nursing intervention.@*Methods@#From June 2017 to Mar 2018, 359 patients after CABG in Tangshan Workers Hospital were recruited for the study. Their general information were collected, SASRQ, SSRS and PSS-Fa were used for professional evaluation.@*Results@#The degree of social support in patients after CABG was at medium level, the total score of social support was (41.69±0.28), higher than the normal domestic value[(34.56±3.73)score, n=128]; character (F=29.652), employment (t=6.526)and the type of health insurance (F=20.547)impacted on the degree of social support (P<0.05). Total score of social support had negative correlation with SASRQ total score (r=-0.528, P<0.05); character (β=0.262), family support (β=-0.281) and social support (β=-0.267) were picked in the regression equation (P<0.05), the results showed that introversion was a risk factor for ASD in patients after CABG, high degree of family support and social support were protective factors for ASD in patients after CABG.@*Conclusions@#Social support of patients after CABG needs to be improved, so as to reduce the incidence of acute stress disorder.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 737-746, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800545

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical effect of percutaneous curved vertebroplasty in the treatment of thoracolum-bar osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs).@*Methods@#All of 85 patients with single thoracolumbar vertebral OVCFs who met the admission criteria from January 2017 to July 2018 were divided into three groups according to the random dig-its table method. They were treated with percutaneous curved vertebroplasty, routine unipedicular PVP and routine bipedicular PVP respectively. There were 25 patients in the percutaneous curved vertebroplasty group, 6 males and 19 females; aged 56-80 years, with an average age of 70.6±9.7 years. Fracture vertebral body distribution: T10 2 cases, T11 4 cases, T12 3 cases, L1 9 cases, L2 3 cases, L3 1 case, L4 1 case and L5 2 cases. There were 32 patients in the routine unipedicular PVP group, 6 males and 26 fe-males; aged 58-75 years, with an average age of 69.5±9.3 years. Fracture vertebral body distribution: T10 2 cases, T11 4 cases, T12 5 cases, L1 11 cases, L2 6 cases, L3 1 case, L4 1 case and L5 2 cases. There were 28 patients in the routine bipedicular PVP group, 5 males and 23 females; aged 59-81 years, with an average age of 69.8±8.8 years. Fracture vertebral body distribution: T10 2 cases, T11 4 cases, T12 4 cases, L1 10 cases, L2 4 cases, L3 1 case, L4 1 case and L5 2 cases. The operation time, injected cement volume, in-traoperative blood loss were recorded and analyzed. Preoperative, postoperative 1 week and 3 months visual analogue scale scores and oswestry disability index were adopted to value the clinical improvements. Preoperative, postoperative 1 week and 3 months relative vertebral height and kyphosis correction, and the cement leakage rate were measured and analyzed.@*Results@#There was no significant difference in the data of gender, age, VAS scores, ODI and distribution of fracture vertebrae among the three groups (P>0.05), and the baseline data was comparable. The average VAS score in the percutaneous curved vertebroplasty group was 2.3±0.5 at 1 week after surgery, that of the routine unipedicular PVP group was 2.4±0.4 and that of the routine bipe-dicular PVP group was 2.4±0.4; the average ODI in the percutaneous curved vertebroplasty group was 19.8%±3.9%, that of the routine unipedicular PVP group was 20.0%±4.1% and that of the routine bipedicular PVP group was 19.9%±3.8%; they were lower than the preoperative data, which were statistically significant (P<0.001). The average relative vertebral height in the percutaneous curved vertebroplasty group was 48.99%±9.23% at 3 months after surgery, that of the routine unipedicular PVP group was 47.11%±10.12% and that of the routine bipedicular PVP group was 46.71%±11.16%; the average kyphosis cor-rection in the percutaneous curved vertebroplasty group was 6.21%±1.94%, that of the routine unipedicular PVP group was 5.22%±2.07% and that of the routine bipedicular PVP group was 5.97%±2.09%; there was 1 cement leakage case in the per-cutaneous curved vertebroplasty group; those of the routine unipedicular PVP group were 4 cases and those of the routine bipe-dicular PVP group were 6 cases; there was no significant difference among the three groups (P>0.05). Operation time 39.10±2.00 min vs 38.70±1.70 min, injected cement volume 3.60±0.11 ml vs 3.50±0.13 ml and blood loss 5.10±0.30 ml vs 5.00±0.40 ml of the percutaneous curved vertebroplasty group and the routine unipedicular PVP group were less than those of the routine bipedicular PVP group, which were statistically significant (P<0.05).@*Conclution@#Percutaneous curved vertebroplasty could achieve satisfactory clinical outcomes for OVCFs, with advantages of less operation time, less blood loss, limited X-ray expo-sure, less injected cement volume, and more balanced augmentation for stabilization of the affected vertebrae and total verte-bral column.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1367-1372, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798102

ABSTRACT

Objective@#By detecting the expression of interleukin-13 (IL-13) and periostin in the airway of asthmatic patients, the pathological changes and pulmonary functions of airway tissues in asthmatic patients were evaluated, and the role of IL-13 and periostin airway remodeling in bronchial asthma was preliminarily explored.@*Methods@#The bronchial tissues adjacent to tumor nest were obtained from 12 patients with lung cancer complicated with bronchial asthma (asthmatic group) and 12 lung cancer patients without bronchial asthma (non-asthmatic group) after lung cancer resection. Pulmonary function was measured for all subjects before surgery. Pathological changes of airway tissues and degree of airway remodeling were assessed by hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining, masson′s trichrome staining, and periodic acid-silver methenamine (PASM) staining of paraffin-embedded sections. The expression of IL-13 and periostin in bronchial tissues were evaluated by immunohistochemistry.@*Results@#Values of the forced expiratory volume in 1 second of the predicted value (FEV1% pred) and FEV1/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC%) in asthmatic patients were significantly decreased compared with the non-asthmatic patients (P<0.05), indicating that lung function was impaired in asthmatic patients. There was more severe airway remodeling representing as thickening of basement membranes, collagen deposition, and increasing of goblet cells and fibroblasts in asthmatic patients than in non-asthmatic patients (all P<0.05). The expression of IL-13 and periostin were higher in asthmatic tissues than in non-asthmatic tissues (P<0.05). The immunohistochemical expression of IL-13 and periostin in bronchial tissues were positively correlated with the degree of airway remodeling in asthmatic patients, and the expression of IL-13 and periostin in bronchial tissues were positively correlated with each other.@*Conclusions@#The expression of IL-13 and periostin were increased in bronchial tissue in patients with asthma. They work together to promote the occurrence of airway remodeling, which eventually lead to a decline in lung function.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796531

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the evaluations and recipient selection methods of extended criteria donor (ECD) kidney donation in the death of citizens and analyze the transplantation outcomes.@*Methods@#From January to September 2019, the clinical data of donor-recipients were retrospectively studied. The recipients of ECD donor kidneys not evaluated for kidney zero puncture assessment from January 2014 to July 2016 were group A1 and those receiving standard donor kidney (SCD) belonged to group A2. From August 2016 to March 2019, all DCD donors were routinely evaluated for kidney zero puncture and those receiving ECD recipients fell into Group B1 and those receiving SCD belonged to Group B2. Analysis was performed for ECD/SCD donor renal zero puncture pathological features and lesion degree and utilization of ECD donor kidney; donor-recipient body surface area (BSA) ratio and lesion degree of ECD donor kidney on recipient selecting and matching. Serum creatinine value, perioperative adverse events and 1-year follow-up of human/kidney survival rate in each group were compared at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year.@*Results@#A total of 108, 264, 306 and 416 recipients were recruited into A1, A2, B1 and B2 groups respectively. The ECD donor renal utilization rate was 88.5% vs 93.3% during two time periods. According to the 2016 Banff standard, glomerular sclerosis (GS), renal interstitial fibrosis (Ci) and intimal fibrosis thickening (Cv), small arterial intimal hyalinization (ah), tubular atrophy (ct) and acute tubular injury (ati) accounted for more than B1 group than B2 group (P<0.05). The severity of ECD donor kidney disease, BSA ratio <1.1 group and ≥1.1 group 1 week, 1 month, 3 months postoperative blood creatinine value was lower than the former while declining amplitude of blood creatinine was higher. A significant difference existed in the degree of moderate lesions in donor kidney (P<0.05). After 1 year, serum creatinine value of B1 group was lower than that of A1 group (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The quality of ECD donor kidney is obviously inferior to that of SCD donor kidney. The Banff donor kidney criterion is an effective mode of evaluating the quality of ECD donor kidney. Based upon the extent of Banff's nephropathy, the ratio of donor/recipient BSA is an important selecting method for ECD donors to receive kidneys and recipients, ultimately improving graft utilization and recipient transplantation.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791856

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the evaluations and recipient selection methods of extended criteria donor (ECD) kidney donation in the death of citizens and analyze the transplantation outcomes .Methods From January to September 2019 ,the clinical data of donor-recipients were retrospectively studied .The recipients of ECD donor kidneys not evaluated for kidney zero puncture assessment from January 2014 to July 2016 were group A1 and those receiving standard donor kidney (SCD) belonged to group A2 .From August 2016 to March 2019 ,all DCD donors were routinely evaluated for kidney zero puncture and those receiving ECD recipients fell into Group B1 and those receiving SCD belonged to Group B2 .Analysis was performed for ECD/SCD donor renal zero puncture pathological features and lesion degree and utilization of ECD donor kidney ;donor-recipient body surface area (BSA ) ratio and lesion degree of ECD donor kidney on recipient selecting and matching . Serum creatinine value ,perioperative adverse events and 1-year follow-up of human/kidney survival rate in each group were compared at 1 day ,1 week ,1 month ,3 months ,6 months and 1 year .Results A total of 108 , 264 ,306 and 416 recipients were recruited into A1 ,A2 ,B1 and B2 groups respectively .The ECD donor renal utilization rate was 88 .5% vs 93 .3% during two time periods . According to the 2016 Banff standard , glomerular sclerosis (GS) ,renal interstitial fibrosis (Ci) and intimal fibrosis thickening (Cv ) ,small arterial intimal hyalinization (ah) ,tubular atrophy (ct) and acute tubular injury (ati) accounted for more than B1 group than B2 group (P<0 .05) .The severity of ECD donor kidney disease ,BSA ratio <1 .1 group and ≥1 .1 group 1 week ,1 month ,3 months postoperative blood creatinine value was lower than the former while declining amplitude of blood creatinine was higher .A significant difference existed in the degree of moderate lesions in donor kidney (P<0 .05) .After 1 year ,serum creatinine value of B1 group was lower than that of A1 group (P<0 .05) .Conclusions The quality of ECD donor kidney is obviously inferior to that of SCD donor kidney . The Banff donor kidney criterion is an effective mode of evaluating the quality of ECD donor kidney .Based upon the extent of Banff's nephropathy ,the ratio of donor/recipient BSA is an important selecting method for ECD donors to receive kidneys and recipients ,ultimately improving graft utilization and recipient transplantation .

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791838

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the therapeutic efficacy of plasmapheresis (PP ) and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) plus Rituximab for antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) after kidney transplantation .Methods From May 2015 to November 2018 ,a single-center retrospective cohort study was conducted for 540 recipients with high-resolution HLA undergoing kidney transplantation .According to the criteria of diagnosing AMR and patient selection ,20 patients were selected for PP+IVIG (group A ,n=12) ,PP+ IVIG+ Rituximab (group B ,n=8) .The efficacies and outcomes of two groups were compared .Results During a follow-up period of (12 .0 ± 5 .8 ) months ,no significant inter-group differences existed in basic profiles (P> 0 .05) .After AMR treatment ,serum creatinine levels decreased significantly from 283 .4 to 226 .4 μmol/L in group A (P=0 .001) and from 289 .4 to 166 .6 μmol/L in group B (P=0 .049) .And the magnitude of decline was more marked in group B (P=0 .023) .Meanwhile ,antibody MFI (log10) decreased from 3 .73 to 3 .62 in group A (P=0 .012) and from 3 .57 to 3 .02 in group B (P=0 .043) .At months 3 and 6 , serum creatinine level was lower in group B than that in group A (125 .0 vs .166 .1 μmol/L , P=0 .03 ;127 .0 vs .169 .0μmol/L ,P=0 .048) .The serum creatinine levels of AMR patients were 249 .8 and 233 .8 μmol/L respectively ( P= 0 .182 ) .Serum creatinine levels were 176 .1 and 120 .3 μmol/L ( P=0 .045) and 180 .2 and 114 .8 μmol/L at months 3 and 6 (P=0 .044) respectively .Serum creatinine levels were 202 .8 and 122 .5μmol/L (P=0 .049) in group A and 142 .7 and 107 .0μmol/L (P=0 .046) in group B respectively .Four recipients developed allograft failure .At month 6 post-operation ,AMR occurred in group A (n=3 ,25% ) and group B (n=1 ,12 .5% ) .And the incidence of leucopenia was 37 .5% and 0 (P=0 .049) in groups A and B respectively .Conclusions PP and IVIG plus rituximab is more efficacious for AMR .The earlier occurring time ,the better prognosis .

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752566

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Objective To explore the degree of social support in patients after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting(CABG) and its influence on Acute Stress Disorder (ASD), in order to provide theory evidence for nursing intervention. Methods From June 2017 to Mar 2018, 359 patients after CABG in Tangshan Workers Hospital were recruited for the study. Their general information were collected, SASRQ, SSRS and PSS-Fa were used for professional evaluation. Results The degree of social support in patients after CABG was at medium level, the total score of social support was (41.69±0.28), higher than the normal domestic value[(34.56 ± 3.73)score, n=128]; character (F=29.652), employment (t=6.526)and the type of health insurance (F=20.547)impacted on the degree of social support (P<0.05). Total score of social support had negative correlation with SASRQ total score (r=-0.528, P<0.05); character (β=0.262), family support (β=-0.281) and social support (β=-0.267) were picked in the regression equation (P<0.05), the results showed that introversion was a risk factor for ASD in patients after CABG, high degree of family support and social support were protective factors for ASD in patients after CABG. Conclusions Social support of patients after CABG needs to be improved, so as to reduce the incidence of acute stress disorder.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700247

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Objective To investigate the expression of guanylate binding protein 5 (GBP5) and ArfGAP with SH3 domain ankyrin repeat and PH domain 1 (ASAP1) genes in pulmonary tuberculosis patients and tuberculosis latent population. Methods Forty pulmonary tuberculosis patients (pulmonary tuberculosis group), 40 latent tuberculosis infection patients (latent tuberculosis infection group) and 40 cases of healthy control (healthy control group) were selected from August 2016 to May 2017. The gene expression was detected in 4 ml peripheral anticoagulant blood by real-time fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and the relative expression of two genes in three groups were compared. Results The GBP5 gene expression in three groups was significantly differentce (F=7.23, P=0.001). The GBP5 gene relative expression in pulmonary tuberculosis group was significantly higher than that in latent infection group :1.58 ± 0.80 vs. 1.09 ± 0.68, there was significant difference (t=2.93, P=0.004). The GBP5 gene relative expression in pulmonary tuberculosis group was significantly higher than that in healthy control group: 1.58 ± 0.80 vs. 1.04 ± 0.61, there was significant difference (t=3.40, P=0.010). The GBP5 gene relative expression in latent infection group and healthy control group had no significant difference (t=0.39, P=0.700). There was no significant difference in ASAP1 expression among three groups (F=0.26, P=0.770). Conclusions The expression of GBP5 in pulmonary tuberculosis patients, latent tuberculosis infection patients and healthy controls is different, and GBP5 could screen latent tuberculosis infection patients which is expected to be a potential screening marker for latent tuberculosis infection.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666255

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Objective To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of acupuncture combined with Jintiange capsule for the patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH).Methods According to the random table method, 95 cases of patients with LDH were divided into the control group (n=47) and the research group (n=48) from June 2015 to March 2017. The patients in the control group were treated by acupuncture, while the patients in the research group were treated withJintiange capsule on the basis of the control group. The continuous treatment for 4 weeks was a course, and the treatment of two groups was 2 courses. The clinical total effective rate and symptom control time of two groups were observed. The pain intensity, JOA, the straight leg-raising angle and the serum level of inflammatory factors of two groups of patients were detected before and after treatment respectively. In addition, the incidence of adverse reactions of two groups was analyzed. Results The total clinical effectiveness of the research group was 93.75% (45/48), and the control group was 76.60% (36/47). The difference of two groups was statistically significant (χ2=5.562,P=0.018). The symptom control time (9.2 ± 2.3 dvs. 14.0 ± 2.3 d,t=-10.406) of the research group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the straight leg-raising angle [(78.6 ± 17.6)°vs. (59.9 ± 3.2)°,t=5.869] and JOA (18.7 ± 2.1vs. 12.1 ± 1.9,t=16.152) of research group was significantly higher than those of the control group. While the VAS score (1.1 ± 0.3vs. 2.6 ± 0.6,t=-15.997), TNF-α (1.18 ± 0.22 ng/Lvs. 1.51 ± 0.21 ng/L,t=-7.476), IL-1β (25.14 ± 6.17 ng/mlvs. 40.26 ± 6.07 ng/ml,t=-12.038), IL-6 (93.85 ± 23.02μg/Lvs. 110.63 ± 24.07μg/L, t=-3.473) and TXB2 (299.36 ± 52.16 pg/mlvs. 429.17 ± 53.62 pg/ml,t=-11.961) of research group were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05). Both groups had adverse events during the treatment.Conclusions Acupuncture combined withJintiange capsule could effectively improve the clinical symptoms, release pain and decrease the serum inflammatory factors of patients with LDH.

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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1009-1012, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709406

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical significance of serum and urinary levels of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL ) for evaluating changes of residual renal function after living donor kidney resection under different operation model in young versus elderly patients. Methods The clinical data of renal transplants were retrospectively analyzed by successfully using 66 living-related donors at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from September 2016 to October 2017. According to the operation model and age ,renal donors were divided into 4 groups :group A (young/open) ,group B (young/laparoscopic) ,group C (aged/open) ,and group D (aged/laparoscopic).Blood and urinary NGAL and serum levels of creatinine ,cystatin C ,and other indices of renal function were assayed and collected before and at 1 ,3 ,7 days after operation. Results Both blood NGAL levels and urinary NGAL levels showed no statistically significant difference (all P>0.05) among four groups both before and after operation ,except that urinary NGAL was higher in group C (aged/open) than other groups ,at 1 day after operation ,(P = 0.03).The post-vs.pre-operation level dynamic changes of renal function were four or three times higher in urine or serum NGAL level than in serum creatinine or cystatin C level at 1 day after operation ,which showed an important role for predicting an early residual renal damage and relative treatment. Conclusions NGAL can be used as indices in evaluating changes of residual renal function after living donor kidney resection ,especially in the elderly receiving open kidney resection.

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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 306-310, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709245

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the significance of time-zero renal biopsy on evaluating renal function and postoperative complications after transplantation from donation in old age donors.Methods Clinical and pathological data of 112 transplantations with time-zero renal biopsy which performed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou Hospital from August 2016 to April 2017 were collected.Based on donor age and Remuzzi score,112 transplantations were divided into four groups:Group A (donor age <50 years and Remuzzi score is 0 to 3) with 58 recipients,Group B (donor age <50 years and score is 4 to 6) with 9 recipients,Group C (donor age≥50 years and score is 0 to 3) with 35 recipients,and Group D (donor age≥50 years and score is 4 to 60) with 10 recipients.Renal function and postoperative complications of recipients in each group were recorded and compared among groups.Results The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 6th month after operation was significantly negatively correlated with glomerular sclerosis (r=-0.398,P=0.05),arteriolar hyaline degeneration (r=-0.416,P<0.05) and arterial intimal fibrosis (r=-0.242,P<0.05).Arteriolar hyaline degeneration (β=-0.249,P<0.05) and arterial intimal fibrosis (β=-0.246,P=0.020) were the independent correlated factors of eGFR at 6th month after operation.The levels of serum creatinine of group D were higher than those in the other three groups at each time after operation(all P<0.05);Moreover,in group D the eGFR values at each time were lower than those in the other three groups(P<0.05).Additionally,the incidences of acute rejection within 6 months after operation in group C and D were higher than those in group A and B (all P<0.05),but the incidences of delayed graft function,hematuria,proteinuria among four groups were not significantly different (all P> 0.05).Conclusions Patients who accepted older kidney with moderate histological lesions show worse renal function and higher incidence of acute rejection after transplantation.Recipient selection and postoperative immunosuppressive treatment should be more cautious for those renal donors.

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