Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 15 de 15
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1701-1706, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697226

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effect of evidence based practice on feeding after spinal operation. Methods To formulate an answerable question, find the best available evidence, appraise the evidence and formulate the recommendations by using the method of evidence-based medicine. A total of 60 postoperative patients who received spinal operation were divided into observation group and control group (30 cases in each group). Those patients in control group received the routine diet guidance and the guidelines for the standardization of intake and consumption after spinal cord surgery were used for patients in observation group. The outcomes were evaluated by postoperative recovery and complications of patients after spinal operation. Results There were no significant difference in the incidence of nausea, vomiting , bloating and celialgia in the 5 hours after surgery and 2 hours after feeding between the two groups (P>0.05). The incidence of thirst and hunger in the 5 hours after surgery in observation group were 3.33%(1/30) and 13.33%(4/30).The incidence of thirst and hunger in the 5 hours after surgery in control group were 80.00%(24/30) and 83.33%(25/30). There were statistically significant in the incidence of thirst and hunger in the 5 hours after surgery between the two groups (χ2=36.27, 24.09, P<0.05). There were not statistically significant in the time of anal exsufflation and first defecation time between the two groups(P>0.05). Conclusions Evidence-based practice in the use of guidelines for the standardization of intake and consumption after spinal cord surgery can guide clinical practice.

2.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 649-652, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710600

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of one stage laparoscopic choledocholithotomy and cholecystectomy vs.ERCP cholecystolithiasis and cholecystectomy (staged) for cholecystolithiasis complicated with choledocholithiasis.Methods From Jan 2015 to Jun 2017,100 consecutive patients underwent randomized one-stage (TCLCBDE + LC) or two-stage (ERCP + subsequent LC) treatment for common bile duct (CBD) stones.Data evaluated were hospital costs,success rate of one-stage versus two-stage management,postoperative morbidity and GIQLI.Results 47 patients underwent ERCP plus LC two-stage treatment while 46 patients underwent one-stage treatment.Overall success rate of primary intervention for CBD stone clearance was 95.7% and 97.8% (P =1.0).Postoperative morbidity was 10.6% vs.6.5% (P =0.735),and postoperative hospital stay was (16 ± 5) days vs.(11.9 ± 2.9) days (P < 0.01).One-stage laparoscopic transcystic management was the least costly option compared to two-stage management (19 415 ±2 167)yuan vs.(26 767 ±4 387)yuan (P <0.01).GIQLI improved faster in one-stage management group.Conclusion Transcystic one-stage management for gall stones with choledocholithiasis results in shorter hospital stay,lower costs and faster recovery than the two-stage management.

3.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 181-185, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514625

ABSTRACT

Objective Sarcopenia and metabolic syndrome share similar pathophysiological mechanisms. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia among health examination population, and to analyze the relationship between sar-copenia and blood pressure, blood glucose, uric acid and lipids. Methods Physical examination data of 1191 healthy persons in the medical examination center of the hospital from Mar 2011 to Jun 2011 were collected. The weight, skeletal muscle, body fat, body mass index ( BMI) , waist circumference,body fat percentage, waist-hip ratio and visceral fat area were analyzed by human body compositionanalyzer and the prevalence of sarcopenia was observed. At the same time, triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipo-protein-cholesterol ( HDL-C ) , low density lipoprotein-cholesterol ( LDL-C) , uric acid and fasting blood glucose were also detected. Results The prevalence rate of sarcopenia of the subjects was 5.21%, and the highest incidence was found in ≥60 years group( 11.11%) . The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were 33.8% and 10.2%, respectively. The prevalence of sarcopenia is grad-ually higher along with increasing BMI. The prevalence rates of sarcopenia of overweight and obesity subjects were 5.47% and 26.23%, respectively. Compared with the normal control group, the level of weight[(66.34±11.75)kg vs (76.71±12.84)kg ], BMI[(23.37± 3.13) vs (28.05±3.66)], body fat percentage[(25.33±6.06)% vs (36.76±4.47)%], waist circumference[(83.19±9.56)cm vs (95.45±13.74)cm] and visceral fat area[(88.96±29.74)cm2 vs (136.91±25.56)cm2] were higher in the sarcopenia group (P<0.05). Compared with the normal control group, the incidence of systolic blood pressure[(125.59±30.04)mmHg vs (139.39±19.79) mmHg], diastolic blood pressure[(75.82±11.95)mmHg vs (82.34±10.96)mmHg ] TG[(1.56±1.12)mmol/L vs (1.98±1.72)mmol/L] and uric acid[(313.75±83.07)mmol/L vs (335.55±96.07)mmol/L] were higher in the sarcopenia group (P<0.05). Compared with the normal subjects, the detectable rates of abnormal diastolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, uric acid, and LDL-C were increased in the sarcopenia, obesity and sarcopenia combined with obesity subjects (P<0.05). The odds ratio of abnormal systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, uric acid, and LDL-C increased in the sarcopenia, obesity and sarcopenia combined with obe-sity subjects using logistic regression analyses after correction of gender and age. Conclusion The sarcopenia may have some con-nection with metabolic risk factors. Early detection of sarcopenia can help to distinguish people predisposed to metabolic syndrome, and it has important significance for prevention of chronic disease.

4.
Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition ; (6): 52-54, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509887

ABSTRACT

Surgical nutrition therapy is a novel course for undergraduates who are major in food hygiene and nutrition.In this study,the purpose,content,model and specific teaching approaches of the course were discussed,and the essentials of clinical practice for surgical nutrition therapy were pointed out.We hope that our experience would be helpful for the development of the course.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3865-3867, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662935

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish HPLC fingerprints of taproot and rhizome of Paenoia lactiflora,and to compare the similarity and difference of them.METHODS:The determination was performed on Phenomenex C18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-0.1% phosphoric acid (gradient elution) at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min.The detection wavelength was set at 230 nm,and column temperature was 30 ℃.The sample size was 10 tL.Using paeoniflorin as reference,HPLC chromatograms of the taproot and rhizome of P lactiflora were established.Common peak identification and similarity evaluation were performed by using TCM Chromatogram Fingerprint Similarity Evaluation System (2012 edition).RESULTS:There were 9 common peaks in HPLC chromatograms of taproot and rhizome of P lactiflora.The similarity of taproot with rhizome of P lactiflora was higher than 0.9.CONCLUSIONS:Established fingerprints can provide reference for identification and quality evaluation of P lactiflora.The effective constituent of taproot and rhizome of P lactiflora are uniform but have small difference.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3865-3867, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661053

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish HPLC fingerprints of taproot and rhizome of Paenoia lactiflora,and to compare the similarity and difference of them.METHODS:The determination was performed on Phenomenex C18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-0.1% phosphoric acid (gradient elution) at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min.The detection wavelength was set at 230 nm,and column temperature was 30 ℃.The sample size was 10 tL.Using paeoniflorin as reference,HPLC chromatograms of the taproot and rhizome of P lactiflora were established.Common peak identification and similarity evaluation were performed by using TCM Chromatogram Fingerprint Similarity Evaluation System (2012 edition).RESULTS:There were 9 common peaks in HPLC chromatograms of taproot and rhizome of P lactiflora.The similarity of taproot with rhizome of P lactiflora was higher than 0.9.CONCLUSIONS:Established fingerprints can provide reference for identification and quality evaluation of P lactiflora.The effective constituent of taproot and rhizome of P lactiflora are uniform but have small difference.

7.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 151-153, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669735

ABSTRACT

Objective:To research the TLC identification method for Longdan Xiegan pills( honey pills) . Methods:TLC was used in the identification. The samples were extracted by 70% methanol with a heating reflux method, and then extracted by the agents with dif-ferent polarity, including petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and butanol. The petroleum ether part was detected by fluorescence at 365nm for Angelica sinensis, and 1% vanillin-sulfuric acid color reaction was used to detect Alisma orientale. The ethyl acetate part was determined by fluorescence at 365nm for Scutellaria baicalensis, and the butanol part was detected with chloroform-methanol-water (30∶12∶3) as the developing solvent for Bupleurum and Glycyrrhiza, and with acetone-ethyl acetate-water (6∶6∶1) as the developing solvent for gentiopi-croside, geniposide and liquiritin. Results:The developed TLC spots were clear with good separation, high specificity and promising re-producibility. Conclusion:The method can be exactly used in the qualitative identification and quality control of Longdan Xiegan pills ( honey pills) .

8.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 787-792, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455110

ABSTRACT

The emergence of atypical El Tor strains from V .cholerae in South Asia and Africa has been attributed to several outbreaks in recent decades ,however ,backgrounds of such strains in China remain exclusive .In this study ,PCR am-plification of both El Tor and classical alleles for ctxB ,tcpA ,rstR and hlyA genes was attempted in sixty-nine El Tor isolates from Fujian between 1962 to 2005 ,in addition ,some amplicons were sequence-analyzed .Thus ,the time point of atypical EVC strains in Fujian was determined ,genetic diversities of such strains were investigated .It was revealed that ctxB-Cl ,tcpA-Cl and hlyA genes were detected in O1 serogroup EVC isolates from Fujian since 1962 .Although rstR-Cl gene was solely detected in isolates between 1994 to 2000 .It was indicated by sequence analysis that atypical EVC strains from Fujian possessed a novel T→G mutation at residual 204 of the ctxB gene .Remarkably ,two novel ctxB genotypes (ctxB-10 and ctxB-11) were identified in one strain .The residual 115-C of ctxB in ctxB-11 showed characteristics of ctxB-Cl ,however ,its residual 203-T demonstra-ted characteristics of ctxB-El .This observation implied that it was common in O1 serogroup EVC strains from Fujian hybrid-ized with classical alleles since 1962 ,which would be the earliest time-point for the emergence of atypical El Tor strains hitherto in literature .Emergence of atypical El Tor strains harboring rstR-Cl in Fujian occurred since 1994 .Meanwhile ,novel mutation sites and ctxB genotypes were observed in Fujian isolates ,including diverse combination of ctxB genotypes in one strain and combination of biotype-specific sites in ctxB sequences .In summary ,molecular characterization of O 1 serogroup EVC strains from Fujian was unique and geography-associated .

9.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 308-309, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452746

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an HPLC method for the determination of norisoboldine in Suoquan capsules. Methods: The chromatographic procedure with acetonitrile-water containing 0. 5% folic acid and 0. 1% triethylamine (10∶90) as the mobile phase was carried out on an Ecosil C18 HPLC(150 mm ×4.6 mm,5 μm). The flow rate was at 1.0 ml·min-1, the detection wavelength was 280nm and the column temperature was 30 ℃. Results: The linear range of norisoboldine was within 38. 56-578. 40 ng ( r =0. 999 2), the average recovery of norisoboldine was 99. 9%(RSD=1. 7%, n=6). Conclusion:The method is highly sensitive, re-liable and accurate, and can be applied in the determination of Suoquan capsules.

10.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 2149-2150,2151, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600064

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a method for the determination of 23-acetate alisol B in Longdan Xiegan honey pills by HPLC. Methods:The analysis was performed on a Waters Symmetry C18 (250 mm × 4. 6 mm,5μm) column with the mobile phase of acetonitrile-0. 1% phosphoric acid (62 ∶ 38). The flow rate was 1. 0 ml·min-1, the column temperature was 35℃ and the detection wavelength was set at 208nm. Results: The linear range of 23-acetyl alisol B was 19. 999 5- 1 999. 9500 ng(r =0. 999 9), and the average recovery was 95. 56%(RSD = 0. 7%, n = 6). Conclusion: The method is simple, rapid and accurate, and can be used to control the quality of Longdan Xiegan honey pills with good repeatability and recovery.

11.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1202-1204, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458456

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this paper was to develop the Mobile Nutrition Order System based on the technology of hospital information system to adapt the nutrition and food security management model in the new situation, so that the unified informa-tization management of diet for patients could be implemented by the Department of Nutrition. Methods The Mobile Nutrition Order System, with the functions of information entry, nutrition recipe, order making and data transmission, could be constructed by the com-bination of technologies between informatization and digital order. Results The automation of nutrition order in hospital was a-chieved, and the nutrition recipe and nutritional therapy could be realized in hospital, the effect was very obvious. Conclusion Since the application of Mobile Nutrition Order System, the labor intensity of servers has been reduced, saving working hours effective-ly.Meanwhile, the management of nutritional therapy was improved and the quality of logistics services in hospital and nutritional ther-apy ascend to a new high.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1761-1764, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338766

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the variation in plasma concentration after oral administration of Danshen multi-component osmotic pump tablets in Beagle dogs with conventional Danshen tablets as the control preparation, in order to assess the sustained release of Danshen multi-component osmotic pump tablets.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>HPLC was adopted for determination, with Shimadzu's ODS-SP column (4.6 mm x 150 mm, 5 microm), flow rate of 1 mL x min(-1), and column temperature of 30 degrees C. Protein in plasma samples of tanshinone II(A) and salvianolic acid B was removed by ethyl acetate extract and acetone precipitation method respectively. Their pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated based on determination results.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The methodology study on the two constituents with different polarity showed conformity to the requirements. Compared with conventional Danshen tablets, Danshen multi-component osmotic pump tablets showed decrease in Cmax and extension in Tmax after oral administration in Beagle dogs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Danshen multi-component osmotic pump tablet has a good sustained-release effect compared with conventional Danshen tablets.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Male , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Osmosis , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry , Tablets , Time Factors
13.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 238-239, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-409987

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:There are various reports on the effects of fish oil on lipid level at home and abroad.At present,the related researches domestically are carried on mostly taken rats as the animal model. OBJECTIVE:To study the influence of dietetic fish oil on lipid level of golden hamsters with hyperlipemia. DESIGN:A randomized controlled study. SETTING:The experimental animal center of a teaching hospital affiliated to a university. PARTICIPANTS:The experiment was performed in the Experimental Animal Center of Nanjing General Hospital from June to December 2001.Forty male golden hamsters weighing 70 to 90 g(bought from Shanghai Animal Experiment Center) were randomized into 4 groups with 10 in each, named as the control group,0.5 mL fish oil group,0.8 mL fish oil group and 1.2 mL fish oil group. INTERVENTIONS:The golden hamster models of hyperlipemia were established.Golden hamsters in the control group were treated with saline 1 mL per day,while in the 0.5, 0.8 and 1.2 mL fish oil groups, fish oil of various dosages was applied(0.5,0.8 and 1.2 mL per day) successively to observe the effects on lipid level. RESULTS:In the 0.8 and 1.2 mL fish oil groups, the levers of triglyceride(TG) were(3.91± 2.32) and(6.22± 3.81)mmol/L respectively,which were remarkably reduced as compared with that in the control group[(9.02± 3.90) mmol/L](t=3.46,P< 0.01;t=2.65,P< 0.05). The TG level in the 0.8 mL fish oil group was significantly different from that in the 0.5 mL fish oil group[(8.14± 3.84) mmol/L](t=2.92,P < 0.05).The level of cholesterol and high density lipoprotein(HDL) had insignificant differences(P >0.05). CONCLUSION:Dietetic fish oil acts on reducing blood TG,for which, the effect of the moderate dosage is the best. Its effects in reducing cholesterol and increasing HDL are not apparent.

14.
Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition ; (6)1997.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-553997

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To study the relationship between nutrition status and renal function in renal disease patients. Methods: Body weight, height and the outcomes of blood biochemistry and routine were analyzed in 110 renal patients. Results: Body weight distribution in renal failure group had marked difference compared with nomal renal function group, and the number of patients whose actual body weight being lower than ideal body weight was obviously increased. The levels of RBC, Hb and TLC were significantly decreased(P

15.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12)1994.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-529112

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate a detective methods of choledocholithiasis.Methods Using retrospective study methods, a logistic regression descriminant analysis of 16 factors related to choledocholithiasis was made and a relative discriminant model was constructed.Results Logistic regression analyses that had sex, history of jaundice or jaundice, the widest inner diameter of choledochus, AST,ALT and the history of cholecystectomy, cholecystolithiasis and pancreatitis included into discriminant model, gave the best predictive result. A test sample showed the discriminant model had a sensitivity of 89.4%, and a specificity of 80.0%.Conclusions Discriminant analysis of logistic regression with clinical data is helpful for diagnosis and treatment of choledocholithiasis.It can also increase the accuracy of the predicion of cholecystolithiasis and serve as a clinical guide.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL