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1.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 3-18, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007904

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to investigate the potential relationship between urinary metals copper (Cu), arsenic (As), strontium (Sr), barium (Ba), iron (Fe), lead (Pb) and manganese (Mn) and grip strength.@*METHODS@#We used linear regression models, quantile g-computation and Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) to assess the relationship between metals and grip strength.@*RESULTS@#In the multimetal linear regression, Cu (β = -2.119), As (β = -1.318), Sr (β = -2.480), Ba (β = 0.781), Fe (β = 1.130) and Mn (β = -0.404) were significantly correlated with grip strength ( P < 0.05). The results of the quantile g-computation showed that the risk of occurrence of grip strength reduction was -1.007 (95% confidence interval: -1.362, -0.652; P < 0.001) when each quartile of the mixture of the seven metals was increased. Bayesian kernel function regression model analysis showed that mixtures of the seven metals had a negative overall effect on grip strength, with Cu, As and Sr being negatively associated with grip strength levels. In the total population, potential interactions were observed between As and Mn and between Cu and Mn ( P interactions of 0.003 and 0.018, respectively).@*CONCLUSION@#In summary, this study suggests that combined exposure to metal mixtures is negatively associated with grip strength. Cu, Sr and As were negatively correlated with grip strength levels, and there were potential interactions between As and Mn and between Cu and Mn.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Bayes Theorem , China/epidemiology , Metals/toxicity , Arsenic , Strontium
2.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 508-515, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984765

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the drug resistance and genomic characteristics of Salmonella enterica serovar London isolated from clinical and food sources in Hangzhou City from 2017 to 2021. Methods: A total of 91 Salmonella enterica serovar London strains isolated from Hangzhou City from 2017 to 2021 were analyzed for drug susceptibility, pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) typing and whole genome sequencing. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST), core genome multilocus sequence typing (cgMLST) and detection of drug resistance genes were performed by using the sequencing data. Phylogenetic analysis was conducted to compare the 91 genomes from Hangzhou City with 347 genomes from public databases. Results: No significant difference in the drug resistance rate was observed between clinical strains and food strains to 18 drugs in Hangzhou City(all P>0.05), and the multidrug resistance (MDR) rate was 75.8% (69/91). Most strains were resistant to 7 drug classes simultaneously. One strain was resistant to Polymyxin E as well as positive for mcr-1.1, and 50.5% (46/91) of the strains were resistant to Azithromycin and were positive for mph(A). All 91 Salmonella enterica serovar London strains were ST155, which were subdivided into 44 molecular types by PFGE and 82 types by cgMLST. Phylogenetic analysis showed that most strains from Hangzhou City (83/91) were clustered together, and a small number of human isolates from Europe, North America and pork isolates from Hubei and Shenzhen were mixed in the cluster. Other strains from Hangzhou City (8/91) were closely related to strains from Europe, America and Southeast Asia. Strains isolated from pork were the most closely related to clinical strains. Conclusion: The epidemic of Salmonella enterica serovar London in Hangzhou City is mainly caused by the spread of ST155 strains, which is mainly transmitted locally. At the same time, cross-region transmission to Europe, North America, Southeast Asia, and other provinces and cities in China may also occur. There is no significant difference in the drug resistance rate between clinical strains and food strains, and a high level of MDR is found in the strains. Clinical infection of Salmonella enterica serovar London may be closely related to pork consumption in Hangzhou City.


Subject(s)
Humans , Salmonella enterica/genetics , Serogroup , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Multilocus Sequence Typing , Cities , London , Clonidine , Phylogeny , Genomics , Drug Resistance , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 160-170, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980993

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect of treadmill exercise on neuropathic pain and to determine whether mitophagy of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) contributes to exercise-mediated amelioration of neuropathic pain. Chronic constriction injury of the sciatic nerve (CCI) was used to establish a neuropathic pain model in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Von-Frey filaments were used to assess the mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (PWT), and a thermal radiation meter was used to assess the thermal paw withdrawal latency (PWL) in rats. qPCR was used to evaluate the mRNA levels of Pink1, Parkin, Fundc1, and Bnip3. Western blot was used to evaluate the protein levels of PINK1 and PARKIN. To determine the impact of the mitophagy inducer carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) on pain behaviors in CCI rats, 24 SD rats were randomly divided into CCI drug control group (CCI+Veh group), CCI+CCCP low-dose group (CCI+CCCP0.25), CCI+CCCP medium-dose group (CCI+CCCP2.5), and CCI+CCCP high-dose group (CCI+CCCP5). Pain behaviors were assessed on 0, 1, 3, 5, and 7 days after modeling. To explore whether exercise regulates pain through mitophagy, 24 SD rats were divided into sham, CCI, and CCI+Exercise (CCI+Exe) groups. The rats in the CCI+Exe group underwent 4-week low-moderate treadmill training one week after modeling. The mechanical pain and thermal pain behaviors of the rats in each group were assessed on 0, 7, 14, 21, and 35 days after modeling. Western blot was used to detect the levels of the mitophagy-related proteins PINK1, PARKIN, LC3 II/LC3 I, and P62 in ACC tissues. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the ultrastructure of mitochondrial morphology in the ACC. The results showed that: (1) Compared with the sham group, the pain thresholds of the ipsilateral side of the CCI group decreased significantly (P < 0.001). Meanwhile, the mRNA and protein levels of Pink1 were significantly higher, and those of Parkin were lower in the CCI group (P < 0.05). (2) Compared with the CCI+Veh group, each CCCP-dose group showed higher mechanical and thermal pain thresholds, and the levels of PINK1 and LC3 II/LC3 I were elevated significantly (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). (3) The pain thresholds of the CCI+Exe group increased significantly compared with those of the CCI group after treadmill intervention (P < 0.001, P < 0.01). Compared with the CCI group, the protein levels of PINK1 and P62 were decreased (P < 0.001, P < 0.01), and the protein levels of PARKIN and LC3 II/LC3 I were increased in the CCI+Exe group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). Rod-shaped mitochondria were observed in the ACC of CCI+Exe group, and there were little mitochondrial fragmentation, swelling, or vacuoles. The results suggest that the mitochondrial PINK1/PARKIN autophagy pathway is blocked in the ACC of neuropathic pain model rats. Treadmill exercise could restore mitochondrial homeostasis and relieve neuropathic pain via the PINK1/PARKIN pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Mitophagy/physiology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Carbonyl Cyanide m-Chlorophenyl Hydrazone/pharmacology , Gyrus Cinguli , Neuralgia , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism , Protein Kinases , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Mitochondrial Proteins/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 469-474, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993114

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of using the mean gamma index (GI) in targer area receiving 50% prescribed dose as reference in VMAT planned dose verification through model-based dose calculation and measurement-based dose reconstruction.Methods:Based on Compass dose verificantion system, the VMAT plans for 70 patients were validated using two method. The mean GI and passing rate in target area receiving 50% of prescribed dose area for each validation plan were obtained to evaluate its application value in dose validation. First, plan information obtained by TPS calculation was input into the Compass system for performing independent dose calculation based on the accelerator data model, and obtain a three-dimensional dose based on the independent model calculation. The planned fluence measured for each patient′s treatment plan on the accelerator was reconstructed through the Compass system to obtain a three-dimensional dose based on measurement reconstruction. The three-dimensional dose obtained by the two method were compared with the three-dimensional dose calculated by TPS.Results:Combined with the gamma criteria of 3%/3 mm in the error setting condition of GI analysis, the mean GI in the area receiving 50% of prescribed dose was evaluated. GI≤0.4 was classified as PASS, 0.4 < GI ≤ 0.6 as being clinically acceptable, and GI > 0.6 as FAIL. The VMAT planned dose verification for 70 patients showed that the model-based independent calculation was in a better agreement with the TPS calculation. The GI values were all < 0.6: GI≤0.4 for 67 patients and 0.4 <GI≤ 0.6 for the other 3 patients, with gamma passing rate larger than 92%. The in- vivo measurement-based reconstructed 3D dose are slightly lesser than the model-based planed result ; theGI values were all < 0.6: GI ≤0.4 for 35 patients and 0.4 < GI ≤ 0.6 for other 35 patients, with gamma pass rate larger than 88%, of which gamma passing rate > 90% for 88 patients and < 90% for other 2, all meeting the requirements of clinical dose verification. The model-based independent dose verification is better than the measurement-based reconstructed dose verificantion, and the difference is statistically significant ( t=15.20, 10.71, P < 0.05). Conclusions:The mean GI in target area receiving 50% of prescribed dose can be used as a reference to judge the operatability of clinical plan in clinical dose verification. The mean GI value, in combination with the comprehensive result of gamma passing rate, is more convincing to evaluate dose verification. A combination of model-based dose verification, despite time-saving and labor-saving, and the measurement-based dose verification could become a reliable dose verification method for clinical application.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1276-1280, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991518

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of typical tasks-based mind mapping in nursing teaching for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).Methods:A total of 102 nursing students who were involved in the nursing of children with ASD in Hunan Children's Hospital were selected and divided into control group and observation group according to the teaching methods. Fifty-one students in the control group were provided with conventional teaching, while 51 students in the observation group were provided with typical tasks-based mind mapping teaching. The students in the two groups were assessed for performance, self-directed learning ability score, and overall literacy at completion of the nursing course. SPSS 22.0 was used for the t test. Results:The scores of theoretical examination[(92.34±4.07) vs. (89.92±3.61)], nursing note writing[(91.07±3.84) vs. (88.60±3.59)], and operational examination[(90.47±2.98) vs. (88.52±2.73)] were significantly higher among students in the observation group than among those in the control group ( P<0.05); after the internship, students in the two groups had significantly increased scores in interpersonal relationships, learning awareness, learning strategies, learning behaviors, and learning evaluation, and the observation group had better performance than the control group in the above indices ( P<0.05); after the internship, students in the two groups had significantly increased scores in problem solving, interpersonal communication, critical thinking, and self-leadership, and the observation group had better performance than the control group in the above indices ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The application of typical tasks-based mind mapping in nursing teaching for children with ASD can improve nursing students' academic performance, enhance their self-directed learning, and improve their overall literacy.

6.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 689-694, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008118

ABSTRACT

Cold agglutinins(CA),autoantibodies against the antigen I or i on the surface of red blood cells,are mainly of IgM class,and the majority have κ light chains.They can lead to red blood cell agglutination at decreased body temperature and are usually associated with infections,drug reactions,autoimmune diseases,and hematological malignancies.However,solid tumors with CA are rare.We reported two cases of CA in the peripheral blood of patients with solid tumors.Peripheral complete blood cell count of the patients at admission showed reduced erythrocyte count and hematocrit,mismatching between erythrocyte count and hemoglobin,abnormally elevated levels of mean corpuscular hemoglobin and mean cell hemoglobin concentration.Peripheral blood smear showed erythrocyte aggregation.After the sample was preheated at 37 ℃ for 30 min,the reversibility of red blood cell aggregation was observed,and the erythrocyte parameters were corrected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Autoantibodies/isolation & purification , Breast Neoplasms/immunology , Ovarian Neoplasms/immunology
7.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 299-307, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982286

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Jianpi Jieyu Decoction (JJD) for treating patients with mild-to-moderate depression of Xin (Heart)-Pi (Spleen) deficiency (XPD) syndrome.@*METHODS@#In this multi-center, randomized, controlled study, 140 patients with mild-to-moderate depression of XPD syndrome were included from Xiyuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences and Botou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from December 2017 to December 2019. They were randomly divided into JJD group and paroxetine group by using a random number table, with 70 cases in each group. The patients in the JJD group were given JJD one dose per day (twice daily at morning and evening, 100 mL each time), and the patients in the paroxetine group were given paroxetine (10 mg/d in week 1; 20 mg/d in weeks 2-6), both orally administration for a total of 6 weeks. The primary outcome was the change of 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17) score at week 6 from baseline. The secondary outcomes included the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) score, Traditional Chinese Medicine Symptom Scale (TCMSS), and Clinlcal Global Impression (CGI) scores at the 2nd, 4th, and 6th weekends of treatment, HAMD-17 response (defined as a reduction in score of >50%) and HAMD-17 remission (defined as a score of ⩽7) at the end of the 6th week of treatment. Adverse events (AEs) were also recorded.@*RESULTS@#From baseline to week 6, the HAMD-17 scores decreased 10.2 ± 4.0 and 9.1 ± 4.9 points in the JJD and paroxetine groups, respectively (P=0.689). The HAMD-17 response occurred in 60% of patients in the JJD group and in 50% of those in the paroxetine group (P=0.292); HAMD-17 remission occurred in 45.7% and 30% of patients, respectively (P=0.128). The differences of CGI scores at the 6th week were not statistically significant (P>0.05). There were significant differences in HAMD-17 scores between the two groups at 2nd and 4th week (P=0.001 and P=0.014). The HAMA scores declined 8.1 ± 3.0 and 6.9 ± 4.3 points from baseline to week 6 in the JJD and paroxetine groups, respectively (P=0.905 between groups). At 4th week of treatment, there was a significant difference in HAMA between the two groups (P=0.037). TCMSS decreased 11.4 ± 5.1, and 10.1 ± 6.8 points in the JJD and paroxetine groups, respectively (P=0.080 between groups). At the 6th week, the incidence of AEs in the JJD group was significantly lower than that in the paroxetine group (7.14% vs. 22.86%, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with paroxetine, JJD was associated with a significantly lower incidence of AEs in patients with mild-to-moderate depression of XPD syndrome, with no difference in efficacy at 6 weeks. (Trial registration No. ChiCTR2000040922).


Subject(s)
Humans , Paroxetine/adverse effects , Spleen , Anxiety , Syndrome , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Treatment Outcome , Double-Blind Method
8.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 324-332, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936215

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate ferroptosis in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) and its regulation by M2 macrophage-derived exosomes. Methods: LSCC and adjacent noncancerous tissue samples were collected from 32 patients treated in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin between September 2018 and April 2021, including 26 males and 6 females, aged 43-79 years. The expressions of ferroptosis marker glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4) in LSCC and adjacent noncancerous tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). The correlations between GPX4 expression and clinicopathological factors in LSCC were analyzed. Biological changes of TU212 cells after treated with ferroptosis-induced agent erastin were detected by transmission electron microscope, cell counting kit-8(CCK-8), clone test, reactive oxygen species(ROS), malondialdehyde(MDA), glutathione(GSH), JC-1, RT-PCR and western blot. Exosomes were isolated from the supernatant of M0/M2 macrophages (M0-exos/M2-exos) and co-incubated with erastin-treated TU212 cells to detect the change of ferroptosis in cells of each group. The data were analyzed by SPSS software of version19.0. Results: GPX4 expression in LSCC tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent noncancerous tissues (2.04±0.65 vs. 0.99±0.09, F=30.36, P<0.001), and was closely related to T stage and clinical stage (Ⅰ-Ⅱvs.Ⅲ-Ⅳ: 1.75±0.39 vs. 2.18±0.71, F=2.25, P<0.05; T1-2 vs. T3-4: 1.71±0.42 vs. 2.20±0.69, F=2.06, P<0.05). In TU212 cells treated with erastin, mitochondrial crest became smaller, membrane density increased, proliferation rate decreased, intracellular ROS level increased, mitochondrial membrane potential depolarized, GSH content decreased, intracellular MDA level increased and expressions of GPX4 mRNA and protein decreased. Change of M0 into M2 macrophages was induced by IL-4 stimulation. When erastin-treated TU212 cells were incubated with M2-exos, cell proliferation was partially restored and GPX4 expression was enhanced, and also with the recoveries of levels of ROS, MDA and GSH (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Ferroptosis is one of the cell death ways of LSCC. M2-exos may inhibit ferroptosis of LSCC cells.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Exosomes , Ferroptosis , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Macrophages , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
9.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 724-732, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897474

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Capecitabine is an extensively used oral prodrug of 5-fluorouracil in treatment of colon cancer and is known to cause hand-foot syndrome (HFS). As the target enzyme for capecitabine, thymidylate synthase (TYMS) plays a key role for 5-fluorouracil metabolism and has been associated with some side effects caused by capecitabine. The aim of our study is to identify the possible genetic predictors of capecitabine-induced HFS (CAP-HFS) in Chinese colorectal cancer patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Whole exons of TYMS were sequenced for 288 extreme phenotype HFS patients, including 144 severe or early-onset (first 2 cycles) moderate HFS extreme cases and 144 extreme controls with no reported HFS. The associations between polymorphisms and CAP-HFS were analyzed using logistic regression under an additive model. @*Results@#We identified a novel risk mutation (c.1A>G, chr18:657743), was associated with severe HFS in an extreme case who was affected during the first cycle of treatment. Moreover, we identified three new variants, rs3786362, rs699517, rs2790, and two previously reported variants, 5’VNTR 2R/3R and 3′-untranslated region 6-bp ins-del, which were significantly associated with CAP-HFS (p < 0.05). In silico analysis revealed that the effect of these polymorphisms in the TYMS region on the development of HFS might not be restricted solely to the regulation of TYMS expression, but also the TYMS catalytic activity through the indirect effect on ENOSF1 expression. @*Conclusion@#This study identified new polymorphisms in TYMS gene significantly associated with CAP-HFS, which may serve as useful genetic predictors for CAP-HFS and help to elucidate the underlying mechanism of HFS.

10.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 724-732, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889770

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Capecitabine is an extensively used oral prodrug of 5-fluorouracil in treatment of colon cancer and is known to cause hand-foot syndrome (HFS). As the target enzyme for capecitabine, thymidylate synthase (TYMS) plays a key role for 5-fluorouracil metabolism and has been associated with some side effects caused by capecitabine. The aim of our study is to identify the possible genetic predictors of capecitabine-induced HFS (CAP-HFS) in Chinese colorectal cancer patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Whole exons of TYMS were sequenced for 288 extreme phenotype HFS patients, including 144 severe or early-onset (first 2 cycles) moderate HFS extreme cases and 144 extreme controls with no reported HFS. The associations between polymorphisms and CAP-HFS were analyzed using logistic regression under an additive model. @*Results@#We identified a novel risk mutation (c.1A>G, chr18:657743), was associated with severe HFS in an extreme case who was affected during the first cycle of treatment. Moreover, we identified three new variants, rs3786362, rs699517, rs2790, and two previously reported variants, 5’VNTR 2R/3R and 3′-untranslated region 6-bp ins-del, which were significantly associated with CAP-HFS (p < 0.05). In silico analysis revealed that the effect of these polymorphisms in the TYMS region on the development of HFS might not be restricted solely to the regulation of TYMS expression, but also the TYMS catalytic activity through the indirect effect on ENOSF1 expression. @*Conclusion@#This study identified new polymorphisms in TYMS gene significantly associated with CAP-HFS, which may serve as useful genetic predictors for CAP-HFS and help to elucidate the underlying mechanism of HFS.

11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 54-59, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941234

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the association between healthy lifestyle and risk of rehospitalization in male or female patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Methods: Discharged patients with CHF of Henan Provincial People's Hospital Collaboration Hospital were recruited in our study from January 1,2017 to December 31, 2018. The basic information of patients were collected through the electronic medical record system,the questionnaires were used to collect the related influencing factors. Healthy lifestyle includes 4 items, namely non-smoking, moderate exercise, healthy body mass index (BMI) and reasonable diet.Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the association between healthy lifestyle and the risk of rehospitalization of CHF patients of different genders. Results: A total of 2 697 patients with CHF were enrolled in this study, including 1 308 male patients(621 rehospitalizations,687 controls)and 1 389 female patients(684 rehospitalizations,705 controls).Among male patients, there was no significant difference in age, residence, marital status, education level, average monthly income, and medical insurance between the rehospitalization group and the control group (all P>0.05). Among female patients, there was no significant difference in age, residence, marital status, education level, average monthly income, and medical insurance between the rehospitalization group and the control group (all P>0.05). Whether in male or female patients with CHF, we found that patients with 4 healthy lifestyles were associated with reduced risk of rehospitalization: male patients OR=0.34, 95%CI 0.11-0.99, P=0.002,female patients OR=0.27, 95%CI 0.13-0.79, P=0.012. A combination of non-smoking and any other 2 healthy lifestyles was associated with reduced risk of rehospitalization: male patients with no smoking, moderate exercise, healthy BMI, OR=0.32, 95%CI 0.11-0.99, P=0.043; female patients OR=0.28, 95%CI 0.12-0.93, P=0.032;male patients with no smoking, moderate exercise, reasonable diet OR=0.42, 95%CI 0.24-0.98, P=0.044,female patients OR=0.40, 95%CI 0.12-0.94, P=0.031;male patients with no smoking, healthy BMI, reasonable diet OR=0.31, 95%CI 0.21-0.92, P=0.039,female patients OR=0.27,95%CI 0.11-0.87, P=0.014. In female patients with CHF, the combination of non-smoking and moderate sports was associated with reduced risk of hospitalization (OR=0.23, 95%CI 0.19-0.97, P=0.038), while no similar results were seen in male patients (OR=0.65, 95%CI 0.33-1.84, P=0.315). Conclusion: Healthy lifestyle is associated with reduced risk of rehospitalization in patients with CHF, and the related healthy lifestyle and its combination may differ between male and female patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 103-110, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879817

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the role of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) in pulmonary vascular remodeling in neonatal rats with hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (HPH) by regulating survivin (SVV).@*METHODS@#A total of 96 neonatal rats were randomly divided into three groups: HPH+VEGF-A group, HPH group, and control group. Each group was further randomly divided into 3-, 7-, 10-, and 14-day subgroups (@*RESULTS@#The HPH group had a significantly higher mean RVSP than the control and HPH+VEGF-A groups at each time point (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Prophylactic intratracheal administration of exogenous VEGF-A in neonatal rats with HPH can inhibit pulmonary vascular remodeling and reduce pulmonary arterial pressure by upregulating the expression of SVV in the early stage of hypoxia. This provides a basis for the interventional treatment of pulmonary vascular remodeling in neonatal HPH.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Animals, Newborn , Hypertension, Pulmonary/etiology , Hypoxia , Pulmonary Artery , Rats, Wistar , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vascular Remodeling
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3270-3287, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887976

ABSTRACT

The multi-component pharmacokinetic study of Chinese herbal extracts elaborates the in vivo processes,including absorption,distribution,metabolism,and excretion,of multiple bioactive components,which is of significance in revealing pharmacodynamic material basis of Chinese herbal medicine. In recent years,with the innovation in ideas,and development of techniques and methods on traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) research,the pharmacokinetic studies of Chinese herbal extracts were extensively performed,and notable progress has been made. This paper reviewed the advancement of multi-component pharmacokinetics of Chinese herbal extracts in recent five years from analysis technology of biological sample,the pharmacokinetic characteristics of Chinese herbal medicine with complex system,and the impacts of processing and pathological state on pharmacokinetics of Chinese herbal extracts,aiming to provide a reference for quality control,product development and rational medication of Chinese herbal extracts.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
14.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 371-381, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887869

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the function and mechanism of related genes in the occurrence and development of liver cancer, and the possibility of key genes as potential biomarkers and prognostic indicators for the treatment of liver cancer.Methods We selected 4 datasets(GSE57957, GSE121248, GSE36376 and GSE14520)from the GEO database.With


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carrier Proteins , Computational Biology , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 , Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Gene Regulatory Networks , Glycoproteins , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Prognosis , Protein Interaction Maps
15.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 240-245, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942168

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate whether ultrafine particulates (UFPs) have direct deleterious effects on cardiac function through activating MAPK signaling.@*METHODS@#Langendorff-perfused Sprague-Dawley rat hearts were randomly divided into 2 groups (n=10/each group). In control group, the rat hearts were perfused with Tyrode's buffer for 40 min; in UFPs-treated group, the hearts were perfused with UFPs at a concentration of 12.5 mg/L. Cardiac function was determined by measuring left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP), left ventricular peak rate of contraction and relaxation (±dp/dtmax) and coronary flow (CF). The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), total anti-oxidant capacity (TAOC) were detected in order to evaluate cardiac oxidative stress via the thiobarbituric acid assay, water soluble tetrazolium salt assay and colorimetry, respectively. The expressions of p-p38 MAPK, p-ERKs and p-JNKs in the myocardium were observed using immunohistochemical staining and Western blots.@*RESULTS@#No significant changes in cardiac function were detected before and after the perfusion in control group while UFPs perfused hearts showed a decline in cardiac function in a time-dependent manner (all P < 0.05). In UFPs-treated group, LVDP, +dp/dtmax, -dp/dtmax and CF were statistically reduced from (82.6±2.1) mmHg, (1 624±113) mmHg/s, (1 565±116) mmHg/s, (12.0±0.2) mL/min to (56.8±4.4) mmHg, (1 066±177) mmHg/s, (1 082±134) mmHg/s, (8.7±0.3) mL/min (all P < 0.05), respectively. Furthermore, The comparison between the two groups observed that UFPs perfusion caused a significant decrease in cardiac function at 30 and 40 min compared with the control group (all P < 0.05). At the end of the perfusion, the level of MDA was increased from (0.98±0.14) nmol/L to (1.95±0.18) nmol/L, while SOD and TAOC were reduced from (12.50±1.87) U/mL and (6.83±1.16) U/mL to (6.50 ±1.04) U/mL and (3.67±0.82) U/mL (all P < 0.001) in UFPs group, respectively. In coincidence with these changes, immunohistochemistry and Western blots results showed that the levels of p-p38 MAPK, p-ERKs and p-JNKs in the myocardium significantly increased in UFPs group as compared with control group (all P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The results of this study demonstrated that the short-term exposure of UFPs to the isolated rat hearts has direct and acute toxic effects on cardiac function, probably related to attenuation of anti-oxidative capacity and activation of MAPK signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Heart , Malondialdehyde/metabolism , Myocardium , Oxidative Stress , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 343-348, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014340

ABSTRACT

Aim To set up leukemic K562/ADM cells with stable tolerance to 15 fimol • L_1 ADM induced in vitro by long-term and continuous stepwise increment of adriamycin (ADM) concentration, to observe the sensitivity to other chemotherapy drugs and the relationship between autophagy and drug resistance.Methods MTT assay was used to detect the sensitivity of cells to chemotherapy drugs.The morphological changes of autophagy were observed by transmission electron microscope and fluorescence microscopy.Cell apoptosis analysis was performed using Annexin-V/PI double staining and flow cytometry ( FCM ).The expressions of autophagy and drug resistance associated proteins were tested by Western blot.Results K562/ADM cells were cross-resistance to the other chemotherapeu-tics besides adriamyciri, such as pirarubicin, daunoru- bicin, 5-flurouracil, vincristine but not arsenic triox- ide.The number of autophagosomes, the fluorescence intensity of monodansylcadaverine (MDC) and the expression of LC3-H ,Beclin-l in K562/ADM cells were significantly higher than those in K562 cells.The inhibition of autophagy by 3-MA significantly increased the sensitivity of K562/ADM cells to ADM, and 3-MA also effectively inhibited the expressions of drug resistance related proteins P-gp, MRP1 and BCRP in K562/ADM cells.Conclusions The K562/ADM cells resistant to adriamycin occur multidrug resistance, and the drug resistanceis closely related to the level of autophagy.

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Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 287-289, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004566

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To compare the effect of different combinations of filter membranes on the removal of IgA by component Ⅱ solution. 【Methods】 The dissolved solution of component Ⅱ was filtered with different combinations of filter membranes, and the turbidity, IgA residue, molecular size distribution and purity were compared. 【Results】 After filtering through the combination of NA-16+ Millpore 0.5μ, NA-16+ EmphazeTMAEX HP, and ZetaPlus™ + Emphaze™AEX HP filter membranes, the turbidity of the filtrate decreased by 35.5%(22.4/63.1), 39.2%(24.8/63.3) and 59.8%(37.4/62.5), the IgA residue decreased by 5.8%(14.77/253.70), 20.0%(50.90/254.00) and 44.3%(112.13/253.33), respectively.Molecular size distribution was 99.60%, 99.85% and 100%, and the purity was 100%, 100% and 100%, respectively. 【Conclusion】 The combination of ZetaPlus™ + Emphaze™AEX HP filter membrane can not only effectively remove IgA in the dissolution solution of component Ⅱ with other quality indicators remaining high-level, which can be used in IVIG large-scale production process.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 103-110, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906399

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of Baxian Xiaoyaotang (BXT) in treating ankylosis of wind-cold-dampness obstruction syndrome after acute Achilles tendon rupture surgery and its effects on transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> (TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and epidermal growth factor (EGF). Method:According to the visiting sequence, 66 patients with fresh closed Achilles tendon rupture were included and randomly divided into a treatment group (<italic>n</italic>=33) and a control group (<italic>n</italic>=33). Patients in both groups underwent surgical repair, followed by immobilization in long-leg brace, which was then replaced by the boot brace in the fourth week, with the plantar-flexion angle adjusted correspondingly. Six weeks later, the brace was removed for accelerated functional rehabilitation training. On this basis, patients in the treatment group were further instructed to fumigate and wash the affected Achilles tendon with BXT, twice a day, for 45 d. The Leppilahti Achilles tendon performance scores and American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot scores between the two groups were compared at the time of brace removal and the third, sixth, and twelfth months after surgery. The strength of triceps surae on the affected side was evaluated at the last follow-up visit. The serum TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, IGF-1, and EGF levels were detected before and after treatment. The wind-cold-dampness obstruction syndrome scores, symptom scores, the changes in foot dorsiflexion angle, and the overall clinical efficacy were compared. Result:The changes in scores of patients receiving different treatment measures did not synchronize. After the removal of brace, the Leppilahti Achilles tendon performance score and AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score determined at three time points in the treatment group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At the last follow-up visit, the good-to-excellent rate of muscle strength in the treatment group was 93.94% (31/33), higher than 72.73% (24/33) in the control group (χ<sup>2</sup>=0.031,<italic>P</italic><0.05), implying that the strength of triceps surae in the treatment group was better recovered. After treatment, the serum TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, IGF-1, and EGF levels in both groups were increased in contrast to those before treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and these levels in the treatment group were all higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The foot dorsiflexion angle and the wind-cold-dampness obstruction syndrome score in the treatment group were superior to those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The overall response rate of the treatment group was 90.91% (30/33), higher than 75.76% (25/33) of the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=6.981, <italic>P</italic><0.05). No adverse reactions occurred during the treatment. Conclusion:The external fumigation and washing with BXT alleviates both the clinical symptoms and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome, improves the joint function score, triceps surae strength, and other indicators, elevates the serum TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, IGF-1, and EGF levels, and enhances the strength and toughness of Achilles tendon of patients with ankylosis due to wind-cold-dampness obstruction after the acute Achilles tendon rupture surgery. Its clinical efficacy is better than that of functional rehabilitation training.

19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 820-824, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865889

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of peer instruction in pediatrics lab class.Methods:Two classes in the fourth year of undergraduate clinical medicine major in Xinjiang Medical University were randomly selected as the experimental class ( n=50) and the control class ( n=51). The experimental class was taught by peer instruction, and the students in this class were randomized into teaching students ( n= 16) and taught students ( n=34); the control class was educated by traditional teaching and the teaching content was in line with the syllabus of pediatrics. The effect of peer instruction was evaluated by comparing the results of the pediatric final exams in the experimental class and the control class through t test of these two independent samples. At the same time, the impact of peer instruction on students' teaching ability, learning effect of the professional knowledge, personal quality, and future career development was evaluated by questionnaires. Results:The average score of the pediatric final exam in the experimental class (82.97±2.59) was significantly higher than that in the control class (79.22±8.84) ( P<0.05). The results of the questionnaires showed that most of the teaching and taught students considered that peer instruction could promote the improvement of students' teaching ability, learning effect of the professional knowledge and personal quality. Conclusion:Peer instruction improves the teaching effect of pediatrics lab class, and is conducive to the improvement of the basic teaching ability and personal quality of clinical medical students, which is worth of application in clinical medicine teaching.

20.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 213-216, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869828

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of different doses of cisatracurium on the monitoring of motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) in the patients undergoing intracranial aneurysm clipping.Methods:Eighty patients of both sexes, aged 18-64 yr, with body mass index <30 kg/m 2, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠor Ⅱ, with Hunt-Hess grade 0-Ⅱ, undergoing intracranial aneurysm clipping under general anesthesia, were divided into 4 groups ( n=20 each) using a random number table method: conventional group (group R) and different doses of cis-atracurium groups (Cis 1-3 groups). After anesthesia induction, muscle relaxation was monitored, and train-of-four (TOF) stimulation (frequency 2 Hz, wave width 0.2 ms, interval 15 s) was applied to the ulnar nerve of forearm, and the TOF ratio was recorded as the baseline value (T 1). MEPs were assessed with a nerve electrophysiology monitor after induction of anesthesia.In Cis 1-3 groups, cis-atracurium 0.625, 0.833 and 1.000 μg·kg -1·min -1 were intravenously infused, while the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in group R when TOF ratio returned to the baseline value and MEPs could be effectively elicited.At T 1, immediately after dural incision (T 2), immediately after aneurysm occlusion (T 3) and immediately after dural closure (T 4), the TOF ratio, effective elicitation of intraoperative MEPs, and occurrence of intraoperative cardiovascular events, recovery of spontaneous breathing and body movement were recorded. Results:Compared with group R, no significant change was found in TOF ratio at each time point in group Cis 1 ( P>0.05), and TOF ratio was significantly decreased at T 2-4 in group Cis 2 and at T 2-4 in group Cis 3 ( P<0.05). Compared with group Cis 1, TOF ratio was significantly decreased at T 3, 4 in group Cis 2 and at T 2-4 in group Cis 3 ( P<0.05). The effective elicitation rate of MEPs was 100% in the four groups.There was no significant difference in the incidence of intraoperative cardiovascular events, recovery of spontaneous breathing and body movement among the four groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Continuous intravenous infusion of cis-atracurium 0.833-1.000 μg·kg -1·min -1 can maintain a certain degree of muscle relaxation without affecting MEP monitoring in the patients undergoing intracranial aneurysm clipping.

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