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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 592-596, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920730

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To optimize th e p rocessing technology of Portulaca oleracea charcoal,and to investigate its improvement effect on the symptom of hemorrhoid model rats. METHODS The effects of roasting temperature ,dosage and roasting time on the processing technology of P. oleracea charcoal were investigated with Box-Behnken response surface methodology using comprehensive score of tannin content ,water-soluble extract content and appearance properties as the index. The optimal process parameters are selected and verified. The hemorrhoid model rats were treated with P. oleracea charcoal(0.8 g/mL)prepared by the optimal processing technology ,once a day ,for 11 days. After last medication ,the perianal pathological score of hemorrhoid model rats were performed ;serum levels of tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α),interleukin 6(IL-6)and IL- 1β were detected. RESULTS The optimal processing technology of P. oleracea charcoal included roasting temperature of 200 ℃, dosage of 150 g and roasting time of 14 min. Results of validation test showed that the comprehensive score of P. oleracea charcoal was 92.57,and relative error of it with predicted value (96.59)was -4.13%. External use of P. oleracea charcoal 0.8 g/mL prepared by the optimal processing technology could significantly promote the wound healing of hemorrhoid model rats ,reduced the amount of exudate ,and decreased the levels of TNF-α,IL-6 and IL-β in serum. CONCLUSIONS The optimized processing technology of P. oleracea charcoal is feasible. P. oleracea charcoal prepared by the optimized processing technology has good curative effect on the symptom of hemorrhoid model rats.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912755

ABSTRACT

As more and more non-core services are outsourced to other companies, it is necessary for hospitals to build an effective outsourcing project supervision system to improve service quality and reduce potential risks. The authors introduced the construction practice of outsourcing project supervision system in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine of emphasizing four core elements: system guarantee, organization establishment, standard unification and quality monitoring. The authors also summarized five important aspects of building a thorough, consolidated, less risky and user-friendly outsourcing project supervision system: selecting suppliers carefully under unified standards; orienting dynamic supervision with details, problems and outcome; strengthening quality improvement and dual supervision equally; upgrading the concept of supervision and build a good cooperative relationship with suppliers; paying attention to the whole process management with learned lessons.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912654

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and evaluate reductional M-shaped plasty method in patients with thick lips and dissatisfied lip appearance.Methods:From 2013 to 2019, 415 Chinese cases of thick upperlip without clear vermilion curve and tubercle were included. A reduction method for upper lip M-shaped plasty was performed. Objective data of lip morphology before and after operation were measured, and subjective satisfaction survey and long-term follow-up were conducted.Results:According to the statistics of 415 patients, the time of detumescence was 3-21 (11.8±2.6) days; the time of incision scar softening was 1-24 (2.6±0.8) months; the time of expression recovery was 1-24 (3.1±1.4) months; the time of numbness disappearance was 1-2 years. Three months after the operation, there was no significant change in the height of the central part of the upper red lip compared with that before the operation, the height of the red lip at the peak of the lip was significantly reduced, the height of the red lip was (13.3±2.2) mm before the operation, and (11.4±1.7) mm after the operation; the relative height of the dome point was significantly increased, the height was (0.4±1.0) mm before the operation, and the height was (2.1±0.5) mm after the operation. After more than 6 months of follow-up, patients' satisfaction rate of one operation was 72.0%, the satisfactory rate of upper lip shape was 75.4%, the long-term complications included obvious scars or discomfort (3.6%), local numbness (1.7%), and unnatural expression (0.7%).Conclusions:The reduction method for upper lip M-shaped plasty displays a significant effect in improving the shape of upper vermilion with thick and normal lips. The complications are slight and repairable. This lip cosmetology and rejuvenation procedure is recommended for further clinical application.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912653

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prove the effect of double V-Y procedure for paramedian tubercles plasty in patients with thin lower lips and dissatisfied appearance of lower lips.Methods:From 2013 to 2019, 127 Chinese cases of thin and dissatisfied appearance of lower lips were included. A double V-Y procedure for paramedian tubercles plasty was performed. Objective data of lip morphology before and after operation were measured, and subjective satisfaction survey and long-term follow-up were conducted.Results:The midline lower red lip height, the height of paramedian tubercles of lower-lip and the protrusion of lower-lip were significantly higher than that before the operation. The time of apocatastasis, scar softening of incision, natural expression recovery and local numbness relief were evaluated by following up at 7 d, and 3-24 months after operation, and it showed 73.2% of subjective satisfaction. The time of detumescence was 6-32 (15.2±3.5) days; the time of incision scar softening was 2-10 (5.1±2.3) months; the time of expression recovery was 1-7 (3.1±0.9) months; the time of numbness disappearance was 5 d-2 years (158.2±82.6) days.Conclusions:The double V-Y advancement of vermilion mucosa flap procedure for paramedian tubercles plasty displays a significant effect in improving volume and shape of lower lips. It is recommended for further clinical application.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911939

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the power and prenatal diagnosis strategies of cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) testing for chromosomal aneuploidy screening apart from trisomy-13/18/21.Methods:This study collected the clinical data of three cases at high risk of trisomy-16 indicated by cffDNA testing in Hunan Provincial Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital from March 2019 to March 2020. Results of the conventional G-banding karyotype analysis of amniotic fluid, single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) and low-coverage massively parallel copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) of placenta/fetal skin samples were analyzed.Results:(1) cffDNA testing results suggested that case 1-3 were at high risk of trisomy-16 and the Z values of chromosome 16 were 20.57, 24.88 and 17.87, respectively. (2) Karyotype analysis of amniotic fluid samples did not identify any abnormalities in Case 1 and 2, while SNP-array revealed a 19.2 Mb and 23.0 Mb heterozygous deletion at 16p13.3p12.3 and 16q22.1q24.3 in Case 1, and a 16.0 Mb loss of heterozygosity at 16q22.3q24.3 in Case 2. Case 3 had a mosaicism karyotype of 47,XY,+16[3]/46,XY[97] and SNP-array analysis showed no heterozygous deletion greater than 5 Mb or copy number variation. (3) Ultrasonography indicated fetal growth restriction in Case 1 and 2 and fetal death in Case 3. All three pregnancies were terminated. CNV-seq analysis of placental tissue in the center of both fetal and maternal side revealed mosaic trisomy 16, with the copy numbers of chromosome 16 of 2.56/2.70, 2.73/2.82, 2.80/2.81, respectively. However, no copy number variation was detected in Case 1 or 2 by CNV-seq analysis of fetal skin tissues. Conclusions:cffDNA testing has a certain power in detecting trisomy-16 apart from trisomy-13/18/21. For high-risk cases of trisomy-16 indicated by cffDNA testing, SNP-array analysis combined with karyotype analysis is suggested to rule out low-level mosaicism and loss of heterozygosity.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of basiliximab plus single steroid induced immunotherapy during donor-recipient ABO-compatible pediatric liver transplantation(LT).Methods:From January 1, 2019 to January 19, 2020, a total of 150 children of donor-recipient ABO-compatible LT were randomly divided into basiliximab group(basiliximab plus single steroid induction and postoperative immunosuppression with tacrolimus alone)and steroid group(conventional dose of steroid induction plus postoperative immunosuppression with tacrolimus and steroid). Clinical characteristics, survival rate of recipients and liver allografts, rejection rate and infection rate were observed.Results:The median follow-up time was 9.2(0.7~15.5)months.No significant inter-group differences existed in survival rate of recipients/grafts or the incidence of acute rejection, early postoperative pulmonary infection, cytomegalovirus and Epstein Barr virus infection. However, in 56 living donor LT, acute rejection(6cases, 10.7%)occurred in basiliximab group versus(12cases, 25.5%)in steroid group. During living donor LT, the incidence of acute rejection declined markedly in bsiliximab group as compared with steroid group( P=0.043). Conclusions:Both safe and effective for donor-recipient ABO-compatible pediatric LT, basiliximab plus single steroid induced immunotherapy can significantly lower the occurrences of acute rejection during living donor LT.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910879

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and epidemiological features of acute respiratory adenovirus infection in children.Methods:Clinical data of 488 children with acute respiratory tract human adenovirus (HAdV) infection admitted in Children’s Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from September 2018 to August 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Nasopharyngeal swabs or nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPAs) were collected and tested by direct immunofluorescence assay. Kruskal Wallis H test was used for quantitative data without normal distribution, and P<0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. The qualitative data were compared by chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test. Bonfereoni chi-square segmentation was performed for comparison between groups, and P<0.007 was considered statistically significant after correction. Results:A total of 488 HAdV positive cases were detected from 7 072 patients with acute respiratory tract infection (6.9%), including 305 males (62.5%) and 183 females (37.5%). The median age of HAdV positive children was 43 months (39 days to 12 years). The detection rate in 6 m-<2 y age group(8.7%, 123/1 408)was significantly higher than those in <6 m group (3.0%, 6/197)and ≥5 y group(4.6%, 89/1 948)( χ2=7.57, 23.98, P all <0.007). The detection rate in 2-<5 y group(7.7%, 270/3 519)was significantly higher than those in <6 m group and ≥5 y group ( χ2=5.809, 19.688, P all <0.007). The peak rate was detected in the winter [12.9%(238/1 840)] which was significantly higher than those in spring (4.7%), summer (3.9%), and autumn(5.5%)( χ2=103.477, 58.986 and 49.926, P<0.007). The average length of hospital stay was (6±4)d(1-41 d). 486 cases (99.5%) were discharged from hospital after treatment, and 2 cases died. There were 111 cases (22.7%) of acute upper respiratory tract infection, 34 cases (7.0%) of bronchitis and 343 cases (70.3%) of pneumonia; and severe pneumonia was diagnosed in 86 cases (25.1%, 86/343). The common clinical manifestations were fever 93.4% (456/488), cough 94.7% (462/488), wheezing 26.2% (128/488) and shortness of breath 14.8% (72/488). 138 cases (28.3%) had extrapulmonary symptoms, 78 cases (16.0%) had underlying diseases, among which congenital heart disease was most common (16, 3.3%). The average duration of fever was(8.8±2.4)d(5-17 d)in 456 fever cases, the duration between 7-10 d in 277 cases and >10 d in 96 cases; and 439 cases had hyperpyrexia(≥39 ℃). The single infection occurred in 275 (56.4%) cases and mixed infection in 213(43.6%) cases. The proportions of fever, hyperpyrexia, fever duration >10 d, severe pneumonia, wheezing and length of hospital stay in mixed infection group were significantly higher than those in the single infection group ( χ2/ Z=11.960, 6.494, 37.209, 72.841 and -8.805, P all <0.05). The length of hospital stay, proportion of fever time>10 d, wheezing, shortness of breath, hypersomnia/poor spirits, serous effusion, extrapulmonary symptoms, mixed infection, and underlying diseases in severe pneumonia group were significantly higher than those in the mild pneumonia group ( χ2/ Z=-9.182, 23.825, 49.094, 143.627, 219.659, 81.327, 8.080, 21.546 and 10.556, P all <0.05). The proportion of severe pneumonia in 6 m to <2 y group was higher than that in 2-<5 y group and ≥5 y group( χ2=20.709, 8.603, P all <0.007). Conclusions:HAdV is an important pathogen of acute respiratory infection in children. HAdV infection occurs mainly in children aged from 6 month to 2 years and has a high detection rate in winter. Children aged 6 months to 2 years with wheezing, shortness of breath, underlying diseases, extrapulmonary symptoms and mixed infections are more likely to develop severe pneumonia.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1324-1328, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910300

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the values of CT angiography (CTA) and color Doppler ultrasound in the diagnosis and etiological screening of varicocele (VC).Methods:Ninety-seven patients with VC diagnosed by the Department of Urology, Central South University Xiangya School of Medicine Affiliated Haikou Hospital from May 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively included. The CTA and color Doppler ultrasonographic data of 194 spermatic veins (including 116 varicocele veins) were analyzed. Paired t test was used to compare the mean diameter of spermatic veins at the root of scrotum measured by CTA and color Doppler ultrasound. McNemar test was used to compare the sensitivity and specificity of CTA and color Doppler examination for VC, and χ 2 or Fisher exact probability was used to compare the detection rate of CTA and color Doppler examination in screening the etiology of VC. Results:The average diameters of scrotal root of spermatic veins by CTA and color Doppler ultrasonography were (2.9±0.6) and (3.0±0.6) mm for VC cases, with no significant difference found( t=0.885, P=0.381). According to the diagnostic VC standard of color Doppler ultrasound (diameter>2 mm), no significant difference was found between CTA and color Doppler ultrasound in the sensitivity [95.69%(111/116) vs. 100%(116/116)] and specificity [100%(78/78) vs. 100%(78/78)] in the diagnosis of VC. The etiological detection rate of CTA in 97 patients with VC was significantly higher than that of color Doppler ultrasound ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Both CTA and color Doppler ultrasound have high sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of VC. CTA has a higher etiological detection rate in etiological screening of VC than color Doppler ultrasound.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909583

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the efficacy of Jiaotai pill (JTW) and JTW modified prescriptions (JTW+) plus benzodiazepines (BDZ) for insomnia in China by systematic review and network meta-analysis, especially optimization ratio (m:n) between Coptis chinensis and Cinnamo. METHODS Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding JTW and JTW++BDZ for insomina were comprehensively searched in CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, and PubMed, Cochrane Library, OVID, Embase databases from their inception to December 2017. The risk of bias was assessed by the Cochrane collab?oration's tool and Jadad scale. Systematic review and network meta-analysis were performed to evaluate the relative risk (RR) plus 95%confidence interval (95%CI) or prediction interval (95%PrI), and draw surface under the cumulative rank?ing curves (SUCRA) by Stata 14.0 and RevMan 5.0 software. RESULTS A total of 13 RCTs (1 RCT was omitted by sen?sitivity analysis) with 1040 patients were included. Overall heterogeneity was acceptable, except publication bias. Based on classical meta-analysis, JTW and JTWm:n++BDZ, such as JTW2:1++BDZ, JTW5:1++BDZ, JTW6:1++BDZ, JTW10:1++BDZ, had more efficacy than BDZ. Based on network meta-analysis, JTW and JTWm:n++BDZ, such as JTW2:1++BDZ, JTW6:1++BDZ, JTW10:1++BDZ, had more efficacy than BDZ; meanwhile, SUCRA showed the best rank of JTW/JTW+ (BDZ<JTWm:n++BDZ<JTW) for insomina, as same as that of JTWm:n+(BDZ<JTW5:1++BDZ<JTW10:1++BDZ<JTW2:1++BDZ<JTW6:1++BDZ). CONCLUSION Based on the existing clinical evidence, JTW has efficacy for insomnia, but the optimization ratio between Coptis chinensis and cinnamo of JTWm:n++BDZ for insomnia needs more supports.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907335

ABSTRACT

Due to the narrow time window of traditional reperfusion therapy and the presence of the risk of reperfusion injury, it is of great significance to study the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke and explore methods to reduce reperfusion injury from the perspective of pathophysiology. This article expounds the functions of von Willebrand factor (vWF) and platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ⅰb and their roles in hemostasis, thrombosis, and inflammation. It is believed that pharmacological blockade of the interaction of vWF-GP Ⅰb may contribute to the treatment of ischemic stroke. In addition, its clinical significance in ischemic stroke and ischemic brain injury was further discussed.

11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1688-1691, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906564

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the prospective effect of dietary intake of total fat and fatty acids on menarcheal timing among girls,and to provide a theoretical basis for preventing the early puberty development of Chinese children.@*Methods@#Using the data from 1997-2015 China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), 1 240 girls aged 6-13 with menarche information, baseline dietary survey data and at least one follow up assessment were selected. Cox regression analysis was performed to examine the prospective effect of dietary intake of total fat and fatty acids before menarche on age at menarche.@*Results@#The mean baseline age of the participants was (8.3±1.8). After adjustment for year of birth, residence, household income, dietary energy intake and body mass index Z score at baseline, girls in the highest quartile of intake of total fat and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) had a 30% and 34% higher probability of experiencing menarche at an earlier age than those in the lowest quartile [ HR(HR 95%CI )=1.30 (1.01~1.68),1.34(1.05~1.70)]. After adjusting for the confounders, there were no correlations between the intake of saturated fatty acid (SFA) and monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) and the onset of menarche [ HR(HR 95%CI )=1.24(0.98~1.58),1.25(0.97~ 1.62 )]( P >0.05).@*Conclusion@#Higher dietary intake of total fat and PUFA before menarche may lead to earlier age at menarche and no correlation between intake of SFA and MUFA before menarche with age at menarche is found among Chinese girls.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906385

ABSTRACT

Curcumae Longae Rhizoma is a traditional Chinese medicine with the efficacy of activating blood and moving Qi. Curcumin, a polyphenolic substance extracted from the rhizome of plant Curcuma longa, possesses multiple pharmacological activities like anti-tumor, anti-oxidation, anti-bacteria, and anti-inflammation. Laryngeal carcinoma (LC) is a common malignant tumor, whose incidence in recent years has been on the rise, and the 5-year survival rate has continuously decreased. Considering the specific location of larynx, researchers are actively exploring diverse treatment modalities for laryngeal organ preservation. Many studies have shown that curcumin has an inhibitory effect on the development of LC. By virtue of multiple pharmacological effects, curcumin deserves to be thoroughly explored. However, most of the current research is limited to in vitro exploration, and the partial mechanism of curcumin remains unclear, indicating that there is still a long way to go before curcumin becomes a Chinese medicinal preparation for the clinical treatment of LC. This paper reviewed the physicochemical properties of curcumin and the methods for its extraction from plants, the efficacy of curcumin in inducing cell apoptosis and protective autophagy, reversing cell drug resistance, inhibiting cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and tumor angiogenesis, the action mechanism of curcumin in combination with resveratrol, platinum drugs, 3-methyladenine, taxols, and 5-fluorouracil against LC, as well as the bioinformatics analysis concerning curcumin and LC. This paper is expected to provide reference for relevant researchers to clarify the mechanism and important targets of curcumin against LC and promote its clinical application.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906300

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of Tiandan Tongluo capsule in the treatment of cerebral infarction (CI) in convalescence (stoke involving meridians and collaterals due to wind-phlegm-static blood obstructing vessels), with Naoshuantong capsule as a control. Method:A total of 352 convalescent patients with CI differentiated into stoke involving meridians and collaterals due to wind-phlegm-static blood obstructing vessels in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) were included in this multi-center, randomized, double-blind, single-simulated, Naoshuantong capsule-controlled clinical trial, which lasted from 28 December, 2016 to 12 April, 2019. After being randomized into an experimental group and a control group at a ratio of 3∶1, patients in the experimental group were provided with oral Tiandan Tongluo capsule, five capsules per time, three times per day, whereas those in the control group received both Naoshuantong capsule simulator, two capsules per time, three times per day, and Naoshuantong capsule, three capsules per time, three times per day, for 12 successive weeks. The patients were followed up until 180 days after onset. The Barthel activities of daily living (ADL) index (BI) score was used as the primary outcome, and the secondary outcomes included neurological deficit score [assessed with National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS)], modified Rankin scale (mRS), TCM syndrome score, and proportion of patients with new vascular events. The changes in laboratory indexes and the incidence of adverse reactions during treatment were observed. Result:Among the 389 cases enrolled, 30 dropped out, with the drop-out rate being 7.71%. There were 374 cases included in the full analysis set and 377 in the safety set. The comparison with the control group revealed that the total BI score and the percentage of BI score ≥ 75 in the experimental group were increased, but the difference was not statistically significant. The percentage of mRS score ≤ 2 within 180 days after onset in the experimental group obviously elevated in contrast to that of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). As demonstrated by TCM syndrome score analysis, the markedly effective rate in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). During the trial, the incidence rates of new vascular events in the experimental group and the control group were 0.00% and 1.09% (one case), respectively, exhibiting no statistically significant difference between the two groups. Conclusion:Tiandan Tongluo capsule and Naoshuantong capsule both produce definite therapeutic effects in the treatment of CI in convalescence (stoke involving meridians and collaterals due to wind-phlegm-static blood obstructing vessels). Compared with Naoshuantong capsule, Tiandan Tongluo capsule better alleviates neurological deficit, promotes neural functional recovery, and improves TCM syndrome score, without inducing severe adverse reactions.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905887

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a metabolic stress-induced liver injury characterized by excessive lipid accumulation in hepatocytes, which is closely related to insulin resistance and genetic susceptibility. It falls into the category of "liver lump" in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). NAFLD affects about 25% of the population worldwide and has become a major burden of the world health care system. However, its exact pathogenesis remains unclear. Conducting the basic research on NAFLD is of great clinical significance and social value. As an important tool for NAFLD research, animal model plays a particularly important role in clarifying the pathophysiological mechanism of NAFLD. In recent years, the modeling methods for NAFLD in China and abroad have been constantly updated, and in particular, certain progress has been made in the duplication of TCM syndrome models. By consulting and sorting out the relevant literature published in recent years in China and abroad, the author summarized the replication methods of NAFLD animal models. This paper reviewed the advantages and disadvantages of models established via dietary induction (high-fat feed, high-fat and high-fructose feed, high-fat and high-cholesterol feed, and methionine choline-deficient feed), models with genetic defects [leptin-deficiency (Lepob/Lepob), autosomal recessive diabetes gene homozygous deficiency (ob/ob), Alms1 gene (foz/foz) mutation, and FATZO mice] and exposure to special diets, and models for TCM syndromes (liver depression and spleen deficiency syndrome, phlegm-dampness syndrome, blood stasis syndrome, combined phlegm and stasis syndrome, and qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome), in order to provide reference for the preparation of more scientific, reasonable, economical, and convenient animal models of NAFLD, thus laying a foundation for in-depth study of the pathogenesis, prevention, and treatment of NAFLD.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905067

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect and mechanism of Guizhitang with different proportions of Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix on overactive cardiac sympathetic nerves in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats. Method:Randomly divide the forty male 6-week-old salt-sensitive hypertensive rats into five groups: the normal control group, the model group, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶2 group,and the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 2∶1 group, each group has 8 animals, the normal control group was fed with low-salt feed, and the remaining four groups were fed with 8% high-salt feed. After 4 weeks of feeding, gastric feeding was started. Give both the normal control group and model group saline and the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group, the 1∶2 group,and the 2∶1 group, were given Guizhitang aqueous solution at 4.0, 5.5 and 5.5 g·kg-1, respectively. Continuous gavage intervention was held for 4 weeks. IITC multi-channel non-invasive sphygmomanometer was used to detect changes of systolic blood pressure before and after treatment in rats. Left ventricular anterior wall end-diastolic thickness (LVAWd) and interventricular septal diastolic thickness (IVSd) were detected by echocardiography. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining and Masson staining were used to observe the myocardial morphological changes of rats in each group, Western blot was used to detect the expression of nerve growth factor (NGF), growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) protein. Result:After 4 weeks of intervention with Guizhitang, compared with the normal control group, the blood pressure, LVAWd and IVSd of the model group were significantly increased, and the expressions of NGF, TH and GAP43 protein were significantly increased (P<0.01). HE and Masson staining results showed that the model group had myocardial cell edema, a large number of inflammatory cell infiltration, myocardial fiber hyperplasia and disordered arrangement, and a large amount of collagen deposition could be seen in the intercellular substance. Compared with model group, the systolic blood pressure of rats in each Guizhitang group increased slowly, and the expression of NGF, TH and GAP43 protein decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01),the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group has the best effect. The results of echocardiography shows that the 1∶1 Guishao group could reduce LVAWd and IVSd levels (P<0.05,P<0.01), the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶2 group could reduce IVSd level (P<0.05), there was no statistical difference in LVAWd, there was no statistical difference in LVAWd and IVSd in 2∶1 group. In terms of myocardial morphology, each group of Guizhitang can reduce cell edema and inflammatory cell infiltration, reduce myocardial fiber hyperplasia and collagen deposition, and improve the disorder of myocardial fiber arrangement. Among them, the 1∶1 group has the best effect. Conclusion:Guizhitang can inhibit the overactive activation of cardiac sympathetic nervous system,reduce the extent of myocardial fibrosis, inflammatory infiltration and myocardial hypertrophy, and protect salt-sensitive hypertension rats, whose mechanism may be related to regulating the expression of heart NGF.Among them, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group is better than the 1∶2 and 2∶1 group in reducing myocardial fibrosis, inflammatory infiltration and myocardial hypertrophy.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3322-3334, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922797

ABSTRACT

10-Deacetylbaccatin III (10-DAB) C10 acetylation is an indispensable procedure for Taxol semi-synthesis, which often requires harsh conditions. 10-Deacetylbaccatin III-10-

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2865-2873, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921202

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Patients' recovery after surgery is the major concern for all perioperative clinicians. This study aims to minimize the side effects of peri-operative surgical stress and accelerate patients' recovery of gastrointestinal (GI) function and quality of life after colorectal surgeries, an enhanced recovery protocol based on pre-operative rehabilitation was implemented and its effect was explored.@*METHODS@#A prospective randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted, patients were recruited from January 2018 to September 2019 in this study. Patients scheduled for elective colorectal surgeries were randomly allocated to receive either standardized enhanced recovery after surgery (S-ERAS) group or enhanced recovery after surgery based on pre-operative rehabilitation (group PR-ERAS). In the group PR-ERAS, on top of recommended peri-operative strategies for enhanced recovery, formatted rehabilitation exercises pre-operatively were carried out. The primary outcome was the quality of GI recovery measured with I-FEED scoring. Secondary outcomes were quality of life scores and strength of handgrip; the incidence of adverse events till 30 days post-operatively was also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 240 patients were scrutinized and 213 eligible patients were enrolled, who were randomly allocated to the group S-ERAS (n = 104) and group PR-ERAS (n = 109). The percentage of normal recovery graded by I-FEED scoring was higher in group PR-ERAS (79.0% vs. 64.3%, P  0.050).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Peri-operative rehabilitation exercise might be another benevolent factor for early recovery of GI function and life of quality after colorectal surgery. Newer, more surgery-specific rehabilitation recovery protocol merits further exploration for these patients.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ChiCTR.org.cn, ChiCTR-ONRC-14005096.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Hand Strength , Humans , Length of Stay , Postoperative Complications , Preoperative Exercise , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Recovery of Function
18.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 389-394, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888769

ABSTRACT

Clinical trial outcome reporting differs between studies integrating traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and Western medicine, so that some clinical trials are not eligible for inclusion in a systematic review. The excluded studies are therefore less widely disseminated, and even valid studies are less likely to yield impact. This problem may be addressed by developing core outcome sets (COSs) for integrative medicine in specific healthcare areas. The first stage of development is to define the scope of the COS for integrative medicine, the second stage is to establish the need for such a COS, and the third stage is to develop a protocol and register the COS. The final stage involves three steps: (i) development of a comprehensive list of outcomes (including efficacy outcomes and safety outcomes and TCM syndromes) using systematic review, qualitative or cross-sectional research, and reviews of package inserts and medical records; (ii) merging and grouping of outcomes within domains; (iii) conducting two rounds of Delphi survey and consensus meetings with a range of stakeholders. The final COS will include a general COS and core TCM syndrome- set. Development of COSs for clinical trials of integrative medicine may help to standardize outcome reporting and reduce publication bias in the future.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Delphi Technique , Endpoint Determination , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Research Design , Treatment Outcome
19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2647-2654, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904525

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To overview and analyze the current evidence of systematic reviews of drug treatment for children with tic disorder (TD),and to provide evidence-based reference for clinical practice. METHODS :Retrieved from Medline ,Embase, CBM,CNKI,VIP and Wanfang database ,and so on ,systematic reviews about the efficacy and safety of drug treatment for TD were collected. AMSTAR- 2 tools were used to evaluate the quality of included studies ;the intervention measures ,diagnosis standard,outcome index ,the types of included studies ,main conclusion ,control measures ,effect sizes of different drug treatment were also extracted and analyzed descriptively. RESULTS :A total of 27 systematic reviews were included ,of which 5 were medium-quality,8 low-quality and 14 very-low-quality. Meta-analysis showed that although typical psychiatric drugs could control tic symptoms ,ADR were prominent and the safety was not good ;risperidone and aripiprazole as atypical psychiatric drugs had good efficacy and safety ,and the research evidence was relatively sufficient. Clonidine as α2 adrenergic agonist could effectively control tic symptoms with fewer ADR ,especially for patients with affention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD),and research evidence was sufficient. Tiapride could effectively improve tic symptoms ,and the overall tolerance was better. Tomoxetine and methylphenidate could significantly improve the tic symptoms of tic patients with ADHD. CONCLUSIONS :In the clinical treatment of TD in children ,ADR induced by typical antipsychotics are prominent and the safety is not good ;risperidone, aripiprazole,clonidine and tiapride have good efficacy and safety. Clonidine ,tomoxetine and methylphenidate could significantly improve tic symptoms of TD patients with ADHD. But the quality of systematic review methodology for tomoxetine and methylp- henidate is not good and further improvement is needed.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882071

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the development status in the subject of pharmacy and provide recommendations for the construction of universities and the development of pharmacy by the bibliometric analysis of pharmaceutical papers from Double First-rate universities in China. Methods China National Knowledge Network (CNKI), Wanfang and VIP databases were searched for Chinese literature, and Scopus database was searched for English literature. Duplicates and non-research literatures were deleted. 12 028 literatures were included. Excel 2016 software was used for statistical analysis. Results From 2014 to 2019, the total number of papers published by Double First-rate universities increased year by year, with the highest increase rate of 14%. From 2014 to 2020, 11 178 papers were published in international journals, while only 850 were published in domestic journals. Nearly 93% of pharmaceutical papers flowed to foreign journals. Peking Union Medical College published the most papers in international journals. Sun Yat-sen University published the most SCI papers. Peking University published the most papers in domestic journals, while Fudan University published the highest number of papers in Q1 area. Only a few papers published with international coauthors from colleges or universities. The cooperation works were limited in the same province or municipality directly under the central government. Conclusion Double First-rate universities should focus on strengthening international cooperation and inter-provincial cooperation, improving industry-university collaboration, and accelerating the transformation from scholar research to productions.

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