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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882073

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the anti-inflammatory role of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) under inflammatory stress and its mechanisms. Methods PNU282987 was used for the activation of α7nAChR and LPS was administrated as inflammatory stressor. Realtime PCR was used for the detection of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, M1 macrophage marker CD68, CD86 and M2 macrophage marker CD206, Arg1. Cell immunofluorescence was used for the detection of M1/M2 ratio and Western blot was applied for the detection of autophagy-related proteins. Results Under the stimulation of LPS, the mRNA levels of proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α, the proportion of M1 macrophage and autophagy process were increased in BV2 microglial cells. However, the administration of PNU282987 significantly decreased the mRNA levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α and the proportion of M1 macrophage while increased the proportion of M2 macrophage and the level of autophagy process. Conclusion Activating α7nAChR plays an anti-inflammatory role in microglial cells under inflammatory stress due to the regulation of M1/M2 macrophage ratio and increase of autophagy level.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880027

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of norcantharidin (NCTD) to proliferation of leukemia cells through disrupting key regulators of sonic Hedgehog (SHH) pathway and its downstream transcription factor SOX2.@*METHODS@#CCK8 was used to detected the HL60 and NB4 cells after inhibited by NCTD, SMO and GLI1 inhibitor for 24 hours. Expression level of SMO, GLI1 and SOX2 in HL60 cells with NCTD treatment was detected by immunoblot. HL60 cells were transfected with pcDNA3.1 plasmid expressing GLI1 or SOX2. Empty vector and pcDNA3. 1-EGFP were divided into negative and positive control group, respectively. The expression of exogenous GLI1 or SOX2 in HL60 cells was confirmed by immunoblot, and growth curve of HL60 cell was checked by CCK8. Proliferation of genetic modified HL60 cells treated by various dose of NCTD was detected.@*RESULTS@#NCTD, SMO/GLI1 inhibitors could inhibit the proliferation of NB4 and HL60 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with solvent (DMSO)-treated control group, NCTD remarkably decreased protein level of SMO, GLI1 and SOX2. GLI1 and SOX2 were overexpressed in HL60 cells as compared with pcDNA3.1 empty vector-transfected group. Growth curve demonstrated significant proliferative advantage of GLI1/SOX2-transfected cells. CCK8 assay indicated that GLI1/SOX2-overexpressed HL60 cells were more resistant to NCTD treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#NCTD attenuates HL60 proliferation via targeting the Hedgehog/SOX2 axis.


Subject(s)
Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic , Cell Proliferation , HL-60 Cells , Hedgehog Proteins , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , SOXB1 Transcription Factors , Zinc Finger Protein GLI1
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781483

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of dihydroartemisinin (DHA) on the proliferation and apoptosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells.@*METHODS@#The effects of DHA on the proliferation of acute myeloid leukemia cells and the inhibitory effect of Z-VAD-FMK on the DHA-induced cell apoptosis were detected by CCK-8 assay. The expression level of cleaved-caspased 3 was detected by indirect immunofluorescence. Western blot was used to quantify the protein expression of PTEN, p-Akt, AKT, β-actin, and the apoptosis-associated proteins, such as C-PARP, Cleaved-caspase3 and Caspase3 respectively.@*RESULTS@#DHA induced the AML cell apoptosis with concentration-dependent manner (r=-0.959, r=-0.956). The DHA could induce the accumulation of cleaved-caspase 3 and C-PARP in AML cells, activate PTEN gene and inhibited Akt phosphorylation. Apoptosis inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK could partially restored the activity of DHA-inhibited cell proliferation.@*CONCLUSION@#Dihydroartemisinin induces AML cell apoptosis by inhibition of PTEN/AKT pathway. Dihydroartemisinin is expected to be a safe and effective drug for treatment of acute myeloid leukemia.

4.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E190-E194, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862311

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of concave and convex interface on in vitro culture of mouse embryonic stem cells. Methods Mouse embryonic stem cells were cultured on substrate with concave and convex interface. The biological morphology of cell colony was observed. The pluripotency of embryonic stem cells was detected by immunofluorescence and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining. Results Embryonic stem cells on concave substrates and convex substrates had higher stereo degree and circularity than those on flat substrates, but it was more obvious on concave substrates. Besides, the expression level of Oct4-GFP and the staining intensity of ALP in embryonic stem cells which were cultured on concave substrates and convex substrates were significantly higher than those on flat basement, especially on concave substrates. Conclusion sCompared with flat substrates, concave substrates and convex substrates had positive effects on the pluripotency maintenance of embryonic stem cells, which could help to maintain pluripotency, but concave substrates had better effects. Changing the substrate curvature could help to maintain pluripotency of embryonic stem cells cultured in vitro. The research findings are of great significance to the study and clinical application of embryonic stem cells.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787754

ABSTRACT

To evaluate comprehensive health status of 31 provinces in China and compare with other countries (regions). Social-demographic index, life expectancy and healthy life expectancy in 134 countries (regions) and 31 provinces in China were collected from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. -means clustering method was used to classify comprehensive health status of various countries (regions) in the world. HemI 1.0.3 software was applied to draw distribution heat maps of social-demographic index, life expectancy and healthy life expectancy in different provinces of Mainland China. Discriminant analysis was used to evaluate comprehensive health status of different provinces in Mainland China. Comprehensive health status of 134 countries (regions) was grouped into category 1-8 from good to poor, and Mainland China was in the category 4. The comprehensive health status of provinces in Mainland China is better in the east coast and poorer in the west inland, among which Shanghai and Beijing were grouped into the category 1, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Guangdong and Tianjin into the category 2, Fujian, Liaoning and Shandong into the category 3, Yunnan, Guangxi, Xinjiang and Guizhou into the category 5, Qinghai and Tibet into the category 6, and the rest 16 provinces into the category 4. Comprehensive health status of Mainland China ranked middle to upper level in the world, and health status disparities were observed among different provinces in Mainland China.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2161-2169, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826405

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) has become one of the most important opportunistic pathogens inducing nosocomial pneumonia and increasing mortality in critically ill patients recently. The interaction between A. baumannii infection and immune response can influence the prognosis of A. baumannii related pneumonia. The target of the present study was to investigate the role of immunodeficiency in A. baumannii induced pneumonia.@*METHODS@#Male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into the normal immunity control (NIC) group, normal immunity infection (NIA) group, immune compromised control (CIC) group, and immune compromised infection (CIA) group (n = 15 for each group). Intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide and intranasal instillation of A. baumannii solution were used to induce compromised immunity and murine pneumonia, respectively. The mice were sacrificed at 6 and 24 h later and the specimens were collected for further tests. Seven-day mortality of mice was also assessed.@*RESULTS@#After A. baumannii stimulation, the recruitment of neutrophils in mice with normal immunity increased sharply (P = 0.030 at 6 h), while there was no significant raise of neutrophil counts in mice with compromised immune condition (P = 0.092 at 6 h, P = 0.772 at 24 h). The Th cell polarization presented with pulmonary interleukin (IL)-4 and interferon (IFN)-γ level in response to the A. baumannii in CIA group were significantly depressed in comparison with in NIA group (IFN-γ: P = 0.003 at 6 h; P = 0.001 at 24 h; IL-4: P < 0.001 at 6 h; P < 0.001 at 24 h). The pulmonary conventional dendritic cell accumulation was even found to be inhibited after A. baumannii infection in immunocompromised mice (P = 0.033). Correspondingly, A. baumannii associated pneumonia in mice with compromised immunity caused more early stage death, more severe histopathological impairment in lung.@*CONCLUSION@#A. baumannii could frustrate the immune response in immunocompromised conditions, and this reduced immune response is related to more severe lung injury and worse outcome in A. baumannii induced pneumonia.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868774

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the tumor characteristics and survival between postoperative incidentally discovered gallbladder cancer (ID-GBC) and preoperatively suspected gallbladder cancer (PS-GBC).Methods The data of 276 GBC patients who underwent surgical resection with curative intent between January 2004 and December 2014 at the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.Results The 1-,3-,and 5-year cumulative survival rates of the ID-GBC group (88.8%,52.2%,and 33.0%,respectively) were significantly better than those in the PS-GBC group (57.5%,25.7%,and 16.6%,P < 0.05).In the ID-GBC group,multivariate analysis revealed that T staging,hepatic invasion and time interval from cholecystectomy to re-operation were independent prognostic factors.The overall survival (OS) in the group with the time interval within 2 weeks was significantly better than those in the other two groups (both P < 0.05).However,there were no significant differences in OS between the groups with the time interval of 2 weeks to 1 month and more than 1 month (P > 0.05).Conclusions Postoperative ID-GBC had significantly better survival outcomes than PS-GBC.Reoperation within two weeks in patients with ID-GBC is a good strategy.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878389

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of three anatomical parameters (maxillary sinus width, maxillary sinus angle, and residual bone height) on the outcomes of transcrestal sinus lift with simultaneous implant placement.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 maxillary sinuses in 42 patients were included in this study. All patients were treated with transcrestal sinus lift procedure associated with simultaneous implant placement using a composite graft material of autogenous bone and Bio-Oss. For each patient, beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were performed preoperatively, immediately after surgery, and 6 months after surgery. The parameters were measured on the preoperative and postoperative CBCT images. The correlation of three anatomical parameters with graft resorption was analyzed using Pearson's correlation test.@*RESULTS@#The average residual bone height was (4.46±1.55) mm. The average width of maxillary sinus was (13.86±2.71) mm. The average sinus angle was 78.09°±10.27°. A significant positive correlation was observed between maxillary sinus width and graft resorption (P<0.01). A positive association was also found between sinus angle and graft resorption (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The findings show that graft bone resorption in elevated sinus has a positive correlation with the sinus width and sinus angle.


Subject(s)
Bone Resorption , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Humans , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799594

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate comprehensive health status of 31 provinces in China and compare with other countries (regions).@*Methods@#Social-demographic index, life expectancy and healthy life expectancy in 134 countries (regions) and 31 provinces in China were collected from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. K-means clustering method was used to classify comprehensive health status of various countries (regions) in the world. HemI 1.0.3 software was applied to draw distribution heat maps of social-demographic index, life expectancy and healthy life expectancy in different provinces of Mainland China. Discriminant analysis was used to evaluate comprehensive health status of different provinces in Mainland China.@*Results@#Comprehensive health status of 134 countries (regions) was grouped into category 1-8 from good to poor, and Mainland China was in the category 4. The comprehensive health status of provinces in Mainland China is better in the east coast and poorer in the west inland, among which Shanghai and Beijing were grouped into the category 1, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Guangdong and Tianjin into the category 2, Fujian, Liaoning and Shandong into the category 3, Yunnan, Guangxi, Xinjiang and Guizhou into the category 5, Qinghai and Tibet into the category 6, and the rest 16 provinces into the category 4.@*Conclusion@#Comprehensive health status of Mainland China ranked middle to upper level in the world, and health status disparities were observed among different provinces in Mainland China.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 577-581, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754013

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of percutaneous oxygen partial pressure monitoring in prognosis evaluation of patients with acute heart failure (AHF). Methods A total of 91 patients with AHF due to various reasons admitted to the emergency department of the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University from July 2017 to June 2018 were enrolled. Dynamic monitoring data of arterial blood gas, percutaneous oxygen partial pressure monitoring and noninvasive cardiac output monitoring (NICOM) of all of the patients at the time of diagnosis (before treatment) and 6 hours after treatment were recorded, including arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2), blood lactic acid (Lac), percutaneous oxygen partial pressure (TcPO2), percutaneous carbon dioxide partial pressure (TcPCO2), cardiac output (CO) and stroke volume (SV). The 10-minute oxygen challenge test value (OCT), oxygen and carbon dioxide offsets were calculated. The patients were divided into survival group and non-survival group according to 28-day survival situation, and the differences in above parameters were compared between the two groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to analyze the predictive value of percutaneous partial oxygen pressure monitoring for the prognosis of patients with AHF. Results All the 91 patients were enrolled in the analysis, among whom 26 died on 28 days and 65 survived, with a mortality of 28.6%. Before treatment, 10-minute OCT in the non-survival group was significantly lower than that in the survival group [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa):41.0±3.9 vs. 45.6±3.2, P < 0.01], and the carbon dioxide offset was significantly higher than that in the survival group [(0.51±0.11)% vs. (0.37±0.11)%, P < 0.01]. However, there was no statistically significant difference in PaO2, PaCO2, TcPO2, TcPCO2, oxygen offset, CO, SV or Lac between the two groups. After 6 hours of treatment, TcPCO2, oxygen offset and carbon dioxide offset in the non-survival group were significantly higher than those in the survival group [TcPCO2 (mmHg): 36.0±2.8 vs. 33.2±2.8, oxygen offset: (0.25±0.05)% vs. (0.22±0.06)%, carbon dioxide offset: (0.29±0.12)% vs. (0.16±0.13)%, all P < 0.05], TcPO2, 10-minute OCT, CO and SV were significantly lower than those in the survival group [TcPCO2 (mmHg): 36.0±2.8 vs. 33.2±2.8, 10-minute OCT (mmHg): 49.1±4.5 vs. 53.6±5.5, CO (L/min):4.9±0.5 vs. 5.3±0.5, SV (mL): 57.8±3.5 vs. 64.4±4.8, all P < 0.01]. However, there was no statistically significant difference in PaO2, PaCO2 or Lac between the two groups. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 10-minute OCT onset predicting the 28-day death of patients with AHF was 0.802; when the optimal cut-off value was 43.5 mmHg, the sensitivity and specificity was 77.3% and 68.0%, respectively. The AUC of carbon dioxide offset was 0.812; when the optimal cut-off value was 0.46%, the sensitivity and specificity was 86.4% and 68.0%, respectively. Conclusions Percutaneous oxygen partial pressure monitoring can be used as a reliable indicator for prognosis evaluation of patients with AHF. Increased carbon dioxide offset and decreased 10-minute OCT suggest poor prognosis, and the prognosis of patients with AHF should be evaluated by dynamic monitoring.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1464-1469, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816907

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To prepare Capsaicin solid dispersion, to optimize its formulation and characterize the dispersion. METHODS: Capsaicin solid dispersion was prepared by melting method using P188 or PEG4000 as carrier. Using 60 min accumulative dissolution rate in vitro as index, orthogonal test was used to optimize type of carrier, drug ratio and stirring time. Validation test was conducted. The stability of Capsaicin solid dispersion within 0, 30, 180 d was investigated at 40 ℃ under the relative humidity of 75%, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to analyze whether there were peaks. Capsaicin solid dispersion was characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and XRD. RESULTS: The optimized formula included P188-PEG4000 as carrier, capsaicin-P188-PEG 4000 mass ratio of 1 ∶ 5 ∶ 3, stirring for 20 min. Accumulative dissolution rate in vitro of Capsaicin solid dispersion was 84.6% within 60 min (n=3), and the preparation kept stable within 180 d [RSD of content was 3% (n=3); XRD showed that there was no peak]. The phase characteristics showed that capsaicin was highly dispersed in the amorphous or molecular state in carrier. CONCLUSIONS: The optimized technology can be used to prepare Capsaicin solid dispersion, and improves more than 80% dissolution rate in vitro at 60 min. It is stable, simple and feasible.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802107

ABSTRACT

Objective: To optimize the recovery technology for 6 kinds of toxic alkaloids in the toxic wastewater from processing of Aconiti Radix with macroporous resin. Method:With the rates of adsorption and elution of benzoylmesaconine,benzoylaconine,benzoylhypaconine,mesaconitine,hypaconitine and aconitine as indexes,static and dynamic adsorption-elution tests were used to select the best one from 15 kinds of macroporous resin,and the recovery technology parameters of six toxic alkaloids in the wastewater from processing of Aconiti Radix were optimized. Result:D101 macroporous resin had a good adsorption and elution effect on 6 kinds of toxic alkaloids in the wastewater from processing of Aconiti Radix,its optimum technology conditions were as follows:each gram of macroporous resin could be used to treat processing wastewater from 4.3 g of Aconiti Radix,the sample loading speed was not higher than 3.0 mL·min-1,the resin column was eluted with 6 BV of 70% ethanol after removing impurities with 2 BV of water.The recoveries of benzoylmesaconine,benzoylaconine,benzoylhypaconine,mesaconitine, hypaconitine and aconitine were 98.03%,94.09%,96.53%,78.15%,85.40% and 70.57%,respectively. Conclusion:D101 macroporous resin can be used for detoxification treatment of processing wastewater of Aconiti Radix,at the same time,6 kinds of alkaloids are effectively recovered,which can solve the environmental problems and create certain economic benefits,and the optimized process conditions are stable and feasible.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796643

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the curative effect and prognostic factors of radical radiotherapy for cervical cancer.@*Methods@#A total of 211 patients with stage ⅠA-ⅢB cervical cancer who underwent therapy in department of radiotherapy, Tumor Hospital of Jilin province between June 2014 and February 2017, were analyzed retrospectively. All patients received radical radiotherapy with or without concurrent chemotherapy. Short-term and long-term efficacy and related prognostic factors were observed. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, Log-rank test was used for univariate analysis, and Cox proportional hazards regression model was used for multivariate analysis.@*Results@#The 2-year overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) were 83.4% and 72.5%, respectively. During the follow-up periods, 46 patients (21.8%) died, including two from non-tumor-related diseases, and one from second primary colon cancer. Totally 57 patients (27%) had recurrence and metastasis, including 16 (28.1%) with local recurrence, 27 (47.4%) with distant metastasis, and 14 with local recurrence and distant metastasis(24.6%). Univariate analysis showed that 2-year OS and DFS were significantly correlated with pathological type, pre-treatment squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC) value and FIGO stage (OS: χ2=7.123, 6.014, 8.398, P<0.05; DFS: χ2=11.832, 8.003, 7.731, P<0.05). In addition to the above factors, 2-year DFS was also associated with pelvic lymph node metastasis (χ2=9.286, P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that pathological type, pre-treatment SCC value and FIGO stage were independent prognostic factors of OS(HR=2.963, 2.473, 2.574, P<0.05). The independent prognosis factors affecting DFS included pathological type, pre-treatment SCC value and pelvic lymph node metastasis (HR =3.014, 1.988, 1.914, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#By means of radical radiotherapy, cervical cancer patients with adenocarcinoma, pre-treatment SCC levels ≥30 ng/ml and advanced stage have poor prognosis, so more active treatment strategy should be adopted.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791394

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the curative effect and prognostic factors of radical radiotherapy for cervical cancer. Methods A total of 211 patients with stage ⅠA-ⅢB cervical cancer who underwent therapy in department of radiotherapy, Tumor Hospital of Jilin province between June 2014 and February 2017, were analyzed retrospectively. All patients received radical radiotherapy with or without concurrent chemotherapy. Short-term and long-term efficacy and related prognostic factors were observed. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, Log-rank test was used for univariate analysis, and Cox proportional hazards regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results The 2-year overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) were 83. 4% and 72. 5%, respectively. During the follow-up periods, 46 patients (21. 8%) died, including two from non-tumor-related diseases, and one from second primary colon cancer. Totally 57 patients (27%) had recurrence and metastasis, including 16 (28. 1%) with local recurrence, 27 (47. 4%) with distant metastasis, and 14 with local recurrence and distant metastasis ( 24. 6%) . Univariate analysis showed that 2-year OS and DFS were significantly correlated with pathological type, pre-treatment squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC) value and FIGO stage (OS: χ2 = 7. 123, 6. 014, 8. 398, P < 0. 05; DFS: χ2 = 11. 832, 8. 003, 7. 731, P < 0. 05). In addition to the above factors, 2-year DFS was also associated with pelvic lymph node metastasis ( χ2 =9. 286, P<0. 05). Multivariate analysis showed that pathological type, pre-treatment SCC value and FIGO stage were independent prognostic factors of OS (HR= 2. 963, 2. 473, 2. 574, P<0. 05). The independent prognosis factors affecting DFS included pathological type, pre-treatment SCC value and pelvic lymph node metastasis (HR = 3. 014, 1. 988, 1. 914, P< 0. 05). Conclusions By means of radical radiotherapy, cervical cancer patients with adenocarcinoma, pre-treatment SCC levels ≥30 ng/ ml and advanced stage have poor prognosis, so more active treatment strategy should be adopted.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690388

ABSTRACT

To study the differences and similarities in pharmaceutical characterization and pharmacodynamic characterization between the single decoction and merger decoction of Baihu and Guizhi. The same technology parameters were used to prepare Baihu and Guizhi single decoticon and merger decoction extracts, and then the differences and similarities in pharmaceutical characterization were analyzed based on their HPLC fingerprint, content of index components, and the extraction content. The pharmacodynamic differences and similarities were analyzed by inflammatory model and pain model. There was no significant difference in HPLC chromatographic peak, but the peak area value reflected the difference of quantity to some extent. It was found that the peak value of single Rhizoma anemarrhenae and Cassia twig decoction was less than the peak of their merger decoction, but the peak value of single honey-fried Licorice root decoction was greater than the peak of merger decoction. The contents of neomangiferin, mangiferin and timosaponin B Ⅱ among index components as well as extraction content in merger decoction were higher than those in single decoction. The contents of liquiritin and glycyrrhizic acid as well as extraction content in merger decoction were lower than those in single decoction. There was no significant difference in the content of cinnamicacid and its extraction content between merger decoction and single decoction. According to the efficacy experiment, both of them showed significant anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. However, the merger decoction showed faster anti-inflammation effect, and longer analgesic effect. It can be concluded that the merger decoction and single decoction of Baihu and Guizhi have the same material basis, and the merger decoction is better for the dissolution of the active ingredients in this recipe, and is more beneficial to the therapeutic effect.

16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 387-392, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689746

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To investigate the effect of finasteride on the microvascular density (MVD) and the expression of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the seminal vesicle of rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty male SD rats were randomly and equally divided into groups A, B, C and D, those in groups A and B fed with normal saline as the control and those in C and D with finasteride at 40 mg per kg of the body weight per day, A and C for 14 days and B and D for 28 days. Then the seminal vesicles of the animals were harvested for HE staining, measurement of MVD, determination of the expressions of CD34 and VEGF by immunohistochemistry, and observation of histomorphological changes in the seminal vesicle.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expressions of CD34 in groups C and D were decreased by 6.7% and 15.8% as compared with those in A and B (P<0.01), and that in group D decreased by 9.3% in comparison with that in C (P<0.01). The expression indexes of VEGF in groups C and D were decreased by 6.9% and 14.1% as compared with those in A and B (P<0.01), and that in group D decreased by 9.0% in comparison with that in C (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Finasteride can inhibit the expression of VEGF in the seminal vesicle tissue of the rat and hence suppress the angiogenesis of microvessels of the seminal vesicle.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Animals , Antigens, CD34 , Metabolism , Finasteride , Pharmacology , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Seminal Vesicles , Metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812422

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to determine the chemical constituents of the stem tuber of Pinellia pedatisecta. The chemical constituents were isolated and purified by various chromatographic techniques, and their structures were elucidated on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectral data. Three new alkaloids (compounds 1, 2, and 3) were obtained and identified as 9-((5-methoxypyridin-2-yl)methyl)-9H-purin-6-amine (1), 4-(2-(2, 5-dioxopyrrolidin-1-yl)ethyl)phenyl acetate (2), and N-(9-((5-methoxypyridin-2-yl)methyl)-9H-purin-6-yl)acetamide (3). These compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against human cervical cancer HeLa cells. Compounds 1 and 3 significantly inhibited the proliferation of HeLa cells with IC values being 3.02 ± 0.54 and 7.16 ± 0.62 μmol·L, respectively.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , HeLa Cells , Humans , Pinellia , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Plant Tubers , Chemistry
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773632

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to determine the chemical constituents of the stem tuber of Pinellia pedatisecta. The chemical constituents were isolated and purified by various chromatographic techniques, and their structures were elucidated on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectral data. Three new alkaloids (compounds 1, 2, and 3) were obtained and identified as 9-((5-methoxypyridin-2-yl)methyl)-9H-purin-6-amine (1), 4-(2-(2, 5-dioxopyrrolidin-1-yl)ethyl)phenyl acetate (2), and N-(9-((5-methoxypyridin-2-yl)methyl)-9H-purin-6-yl)acetamide (3). These compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against human cervical cancer HeLa cells. Compounds 1 and 3 significantly inhibited the proliferation of HeLa cells with IC values being 3.02 ± 0.54 and 7.16 ± 0.62 μmol·L, respectively.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , HeLa Cells , Humans , Pinellia , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Plant Tubers , Chemistry
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703272

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the induction of B-cell specific phenotype in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL)upon all-trans retinoic acid(ATRA)incubation. Methods To construct B-cell specific promoter(CD19, CD79a,CD79b)driven reporter plasmid with NEO cassette to realize stable transfection and selection of cHL reporter cells. To verify the intact integration by amplification of the promoter and luciferase sequences,and to functionally validate the B-cell specific promoter by ABF1 interference and luciferase assay. Repoter cells were incubated with various doses of ATRA and luciferase activity was detected at 24,48 and 72 hours. Reporter cells were treated alone or in combination with 5-Aza and ATRA followed by luciferase assay. Endogenous B-cell specific genes(CD19, CD20, CD79a and CD79b) transcription and expression levels were detected by real-time PCR and immunoblot, respectively. The expression level of CD30 antigen on Hodgkin lymphoma cell membrane upon ATRA was assessed by flow cytometry. Results ATRA treatment stimulated B-cell specific signature in cHL cells including CD19,CD79a and CD79b while down-regulated their CD30 expression. Conclusions ATRA induces B-cell phenotype deficient cHL cells to regain their B-cell transcriptional program while abolishes their Hodgkin-specific machinery.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701077

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate influence of demethylation/acetylation by 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine/trichostatin A(5-Aza/TSA)treatment on B-cell specific phenotype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma cells.METHODS:CD19 promoter-driven reporter with NEO cassette was constructed to realize transfection and stable selection of Hodgkin and non -Hodgkin lymphoma cells.The exogenous CD19 promoter activity in both cell line clusters with and without 5-Aza/TSA treatment was detected and compared.The B-cell specific expression profiling in Eμ-myc transgenic mouse model developed lymphoma was isolated and identified.The effects of 5-Aza/TSA treatment on B-cell specific phenotype were analyzed.RESULTS:Epigenetic modification via 5-Aza/TSA repressed B-cell specific phenotype in B-cell-derived non-Hodgkin lymphoma cells. CONCLUSION:Epigenetic modification of pivotal master repressor genes plays an essential role in B -cell phenotype of both human and murine developed B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma cells.

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