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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879813

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of calorie-enriched formula on postoperative catch-up growth in infants with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#A total of 100 infants with cyanotic CHD who underwent surgical operation from January to December, 2017, were randomly divided into a high-calorie group (receiving calorie-enriched formula after surgery) and a conventional group (receiving standard formula after surgery), with 50 infants in each group. All infants were followed up for 6 months. The observation indices included body height, body weight, prealbumin, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide before surgery, at the time of ventilator weaning and extubation after surgery, and at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Height-for-age Z-score (HAZ), weight-for-age Z-score (WAZ), and weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) were also assessed. Adverse reactions were recorded for both groups.@*RESULTS@#There were 25 cases (50%) and 21 cases (42%) of malnutrition in the high-calorie group and the conventional group respectively before surgery (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with the standard formula, calorie-enriched formula can better help with postoperative catch-up growth in infants with cyanotic CHD.


Subject(s)
Body Weight , Energy Intake , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Humans , Infant , Malnutrition , Nutritional Status , Prospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878890

ABSTRACT

According to human carboxylesterase 2(hCE2) inhibitors reported in the literature, the pharmacophore model of hCE2 inhibitors was developed using HipHop module in Discovery Studio 2016. The optimized pharmacophore model, which was validated by test set, contained two hydrophobic, one hydrogen bond acceptor, and one aromatic ring features. Using the pharmacophore model established, 5 potential hCE2 inhibitors(CS-1,CS-2,CS-3,CS-6 and CS-8) were screened from 20 compounds isolated from the roots of Paeonia lactiflora, which were further confirmed in vitro, with the IC_(50) values of 5.04, 5.21, 5.95, 6.64 and 7.94 μmol·L~(-1), respectively. The results demonstrated that the pharmacophore model exerted excellent forecasting ability with high precision, which could be applied to screen novel hCE2 inhibitors from Chinese medicinal materials.


Subject(s)
Carboxylesterase/metabolism , Humans , Hydrogen Bonding , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878733

ABSTRACT

Median arcuate ligament syndrome(MALS)is compression of the celiac trunk by the median arcuate ligament.Median arcuate ligament release is the corner stone for the surgical treatment of MALS.Open surgery,laparoscopic surgery,and robot-assisted surgery have been developed,among which laparoscopic surgery has been proposed as the preferred approach in view of its minimal trauma and short hospital stay.Auxiliary celiac plexus neurolysis could further alleviate the patient's discomfort.Moreover,vascular reconstitution is of vital importance in the case of persistent stenosis in the celiac artery despite of median arcuate ligament decompression.Vascular reconstruction has satisfactory long-term patency rate,while endovascular treatment is less invasive.This article aims to summarize the consensuses and advances and shed light on the surgical treatment of MALS.


Subject(s)
Celiac Artery/surgery , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Decompression, Surgical , Humans , Laparoscopy , Ligaments/surgery , Median Arcuate Ligament Syndrome/surgery
4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 602-605, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876412

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The purpose of this study was to investigate the state of depression and anxiety and assciated factors of back to school college students during the outbreak of COVID-19, so as to provide theoretical basis for emotional counseling and psychological crisis intervention after long term school closure due to epidemic outbreak.@*Methods@#Cluster sampling was used to select the first batch of 2 697 back to school students in a high vocational college. The survey content includes basic information questionnaire, Depression Self rating Scale (SDS) and Anxiety Self rating Scale(SAS).@*Results@#The detection rate of depression and anxiety was 31.8% and 10.4% respectively. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of depression in female college students was 1.28 times higher than that in male students. The risk of depression among college students with family loss experience caused by the outbreak of COVID-19 was 1.30 times that of those without family loss experience caused by the outbreak of COVID-19. Outgoing personality(OR=0.62), neutral (OR=0.55) and mild temper(OR=0.46), moderate frequency of physical exercise per week(1-2 times:OR=0.73, 3-4 times:OR=0.65) were protective effects for depression in college students.Low frequency of breakfast were the risk effects for depression in college. The risk of anxiety among college students who was the only child in the family was 1.61 times higher than that who was not the only child in the family. The risk of anxiety among college students with family loss experience caused by the outbreak of COVID-19 was 1.45 times higher than that college students without family loss experience caused by the outbreak of COVID-19. Neutral temper, mild temper and physical exercise 1-2 times a week were associated with lower level of anxiety in college students(OR=0.67,0.56,0.67). Breakfast skipping (OR=2.03) was associated with higher levvel of anxiety in college students.@*Conclusion@#During the outbreak of COVID-19, the first batch of back to school college students presented high level of depression. Colleges are suggested to promptly carry out effective emotional relief and psychological intervention for students, especially those whose family suffered in COVID-19, the only child in the family, with poor breakfast eating habits, as well as breakfast skipping and lack of physical exercise.

5.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 602-606, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870335

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of picosecond alexandrite laser and ultrapulsed fractional CO 2 laser for the treatment of facial atrophic acne scars in a prospective, split-face clinical trial. Methods:From October 2015 to October 2017, patients with facial symmetrical atrophic acne scars were enrolled from Department of Cosmetic Laser Surgery, Hospital for Skin Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College. The left side of the face of the patients was treated with ultrapulsed fractional CO 2 laser, and the right side of the face was treated with a 755-nm picosecond alexandrite laser with a diffractive lens array. All patients received 3 sessions of laser treatment at a 2-month interval. The severity of scars was evaluated by 2 dermatologists before and after the treatment according to the ECCA grading scale (échelle d′évaluation clinique des cicatrices d′acné) , and clinical efficacy was self-assessed by the patients according to a 4-point scale. Pain scores and adverse reactions were recorded. Paired t test was used to compare ECCA scores and pain scores between the 2 sides of the face, as well as between pre- and post-treatment values, and Wilcoxon rank sum test was used to compare the 4-point scores between the 2 groups. Results:There was no significant difference in the ECCA score between the picosecond laser side and the fractional laser side before the treatment ( t = 1.06, P = 0.300) , while the ECCA score was significantly higher in the picosecond laser side than in the fractional laser side after 3 sessions of treatment (70.98 ± 21.48 vs. 58.04 ± 17.63, t = 3.76, P = 0.001) . Compared with the pre-treatment severity score of scars, the improvement in severity score was significantly less in the picosecond laser side than in the fractional laser side (2.21 ± 1.09 vs. 2.83 ± 1.11, z = 2.70, P = 0.007) . Compared with the fractional laser side, the picosecond laser side showed significantly lower pain scores (3.71 ± 0.62 vs. 6.23 ± 1.06, t = 11.93, P < 0.001) and less adverse reactions, which mainly manifested as transient erythema and edema. Conclusions:Both picosecond alexandrite laser and fractional CO 2 laser can effectively improve atrophic acne scars. Fractional CO 2 laser is more effective, but picosecond alexandrite laser has less adverse effects.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility of the gasless transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy using an innovative space maintaining method.Methods:From Dec. 2018 to Apr. 2019, patients from Anhui Tumor Hospital treated with gasless transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy were retrospectively analyzed. Index such as intraoperative blood loss, operative time, postoperative hospital stay, and complications were recorded.Results:A total of 24 patients were included into this analysis. All operations were successfully completed. The mean blood loss was (41.3±26.4) ml, operation time was (191.8±40.8) min, postoperative hospital stay was (6.3±1.0) d. Nobody had drinking cough, recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy, massive bleeding, hypoparathyroidism or infection with use of preventive antibacteria. Transient lower jaw numbness was found in 8 patients and almost recovered within one month.Conclusions:Gasless transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy with the suspension device seems to be feasible and safe. Further study is needed to verify its validity.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793308

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the data of road traffic accidents, deaths and injuries in 31 provinces and municipalities in China from 2010 to 2017, and to predict that the number of deaths and injuries caused by road accidents set in the sustainable development goals (SDGs) will be halved by 2020 compared with the target set in 2015. Methods Describing and analyzing the current situation of road traffic accidents in 31 provinces and municipalities in China, and using the trend extrapolation method to predict whether the SDGs target can be achieved by 2020. Results The numbers of traffic accidents, deaths and injuries in Guangdong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shandong Provinces showed a downward trend from 2010 to 2017, but still ranked the front in China. In 2017, Beijing had the highest death rate followed by Guizhou as the second, and Guizhou had the highest injury rate followed by Tianjin as the second. The projected results showed that the numbers of deaths and injuries caused by road traffic accidents in China would be increased by 17% and 1.3% respectively in 2020 indicating that SDGs target could not be met. Among the 31 provinces/municipalities, it was predicted that the numbers of deaths and injuries in Hunan would be reduced to 50.7% and 65.3% in 2015, respectively by 2020, and the target could be achieved; the number of injuries in Shanghai was decreased by 83.3%, but the deaths was only decreased by 34.5%, and there was still a gap with the target; the rest 29 provinces/municipalities could not meet SDGs target. It was expected that the deaths in 11 provinces and municipalities would increase by 2020, with Beijing, Jilin, Jiangxi, Hubei and Guizhou Provinces showing the most significant growth. The number of injured people in 8 provinces and municipalities shows an increasing trend, with Jilin, Jiangxi, Hubei and Guizhou provinces showing significant growth. Conclusions Except for Hunan Province, it was difficult for the whole country and the rest provinces and municipalities to reach the SDGs target. According to the forecast results and the actual situation, a targeted scientific prevention and control strategy can be formulated. The measures taken by Hunan and Shanghai in traffic accident prevention and control were effective and worth learning.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781222

ABSTRACT

Purpurolides D-F (1-3), three new polyoxygenated bergamotanes bearing a 6/4/5/5 tetracyclic ring system, were isolated from the endophytic fungus Penicillium purpurogenum IMM 003. Their structures were unambiguously elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic data analyses, C NMR chemical shifts calculations coupled with the DP4+ probability method, and the calculated and experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Compounds 1-3 showed significant inhibitory activity against pancreatic lipase (PL). The result highlights that the presence of 3-hydroxylated decanoic acid moiety at C-14 is important for increasing the inhibition potency against PL.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829020

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to explore the protective effect of procyanidin B2 (PCB2) on acute liver injury induced by aflatoxin B (AFB ) in rats.@*Methods@#Forty Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into control, AFB , AFB + PCB2, and PCB2 groups. The latter two groups were administrated PCB2 intragastrically (30 mg/kg body weight) for 7 d, whereas the control and AFB groups were given the same dose of double distilled water intragastrically. On the sixth day of treatment, the AFB and AFB + PCB2 groups were intraperitoneally injected with AFB (2 mg/kg). The control and PCB2 groups were intraperitoneally administered the same dose of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). On the eighth day, all rats were euthanized: serum and liver tissue were isolated for further examination. Hepatic histological features were assessed by hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections. Weight, organ coefficient (liver, spleen, and kidney), liver function (serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, total bilirubin, and direct bilirubin), oxidative index (catalase, glutathione, superoxide dismutase, malondialdehyde, and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine), inflammation factor [hepatic interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA expression and serum IL-6], and bcl-2/bax ratio were measured.@*Results@#AFB significantly caused hepatic histopathological damage, abnormal liver function, oxidative stress, inflammation, and bcl-2/bax ratio reduction compared with DMSO-treated controls. Our results indicate that PCB2 treatment can partially reverse the adverse liver conditions induced by AFB .@*Conclusion@#Our findings indicate that PCB2 exhibits a protective effect on acute liver injury induced by AFB .


Subject(s)
Aflatoxin B1 , Toxicity , Animals , Biflavonoids , Pharmacology , Catechin , Pharmacology , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Drug Therapy , Male , Poisons , Toxicity , Proanthocyanidins , Pharmacology , Protective Agents , Pharmacology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828069

ABSTRACT

A new lignan glucoside,(+)-fragransin A_2-4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(1), has been isolated from the dry root of Paeonia lactiflora by column chromatography on silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and MCI-gel resin, as well as preparative RP-HPLC. The structure of the new compound was elucidated by spectroscopic data analysis(MS, UV, IR, CD, 1 D and 2 D NMR) and chemical method. Compound 1 showed moderate inhibition against lipopolysaccharide induced nitric oxide production in RAW264.7 macrophages, with an IC_(50) value of 21.3 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Glucosides , Lignans , Paeonia , Plant Extracts
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755996

ABSTRACT

A well - established residency standardized training system is crucial for cultivating qualified general practitioners(GPs). The syllabus has regulated the goals, objectives, contents and forms of training, but not proposed the concrete and effective teaching and assessment models. This article reflects the existing problems in GP training regarding teaching faculty,rotation plan, outpatient teaching, feedback and evaluation mechanisms as well as the assessment methods and contents,the article also gives specific suggestions for future improvement in order to train competent GPs.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778713

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the source of human infection H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV). Methods Environmental AIV nucleic acid monitoring was conducted for live poultry markets in Changsha city from 2014 to 2015, and data of human infection H9N2 subtype AIV cases worldwide were collected. Phylogenetic trees of hemagglutinin(HA), neuraminidase(NA)and non-structural protein(NS)genes from human infection H9N2 subtype AIV, the live poultry markets environmental H9N2 subtype AIV and partial avian H9N2 subtype AIV were constructed using the MEGA 6.06 software, respectively. Results In 2014-2015, H9 subtype AIV had the highest nucleic acid positive rate (44.76%) in the live poultry markets environment of Changsha city, and the pollution was serious. A total of 27 cases of human infection with H9N2 subtype AIV had been reported worldwide, and most of these patients recovered after treatments.Epidemiological survey showed that 59.26% (16/27) of cases had a clear history of exposure to poultry or live poultry markets. The phylogenetic trees of HA, NA and NS genes showed that the human infection H9N2 subtype AIV isolates isolated from Hunan and Guangdong were closely related to the H9N2 subtype AIV isolated from the live poultry markets environment in Hunan and Guangdong provinces from 2013 to 2016. The nucleotide similarity was as high as 97%-99%. Conclusion Live poultry market is one of the sources of human infection with H9N2 influenza virus.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712408

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the efficacy,safety and the correlative influencing factors of picosecond Alexandrite laser in the treatment of nevus of Ota.Methods 49 patients with nevus of Ota receiving picosecond Alexandrite laser in our department from October 2015 to October 2017 were retrospectively analyzed,and grouped according to patient gender,age of onset,age of first treatment,Tanino classification of skin lesions and color grading.Clinical characteristics,treatment effects,adverse reactions,influencing factors and other factors were analyzed.Results 49 patients with nevus of Ota were treated 1-4 times,and 9 cases were cured.After one treatment,the significant effective rate was 28.6 %,the effective rate was 53.1 %,and the effective rate was 100 % after 3 treatments,and the effective rate was 100% after 4 treatments.No significant difference was found in the first treatment efficacy between different genders,age of onset,Tanino classification and color grading (P>0.05).There was a significant difference in the first treatment effect between different first treatment age groups (P<0.05).The inverse relationship between age and efficacy was found.The younger the age,the better the first treatment effect.Pigmentation appeared in 2 patients after treatment and subsided after 6 months.No adverse reactions such as scars and hypopigmentation appeared.Conclusions Picosecond Alexandrite laser is a safe and highly effective therapy for nevus of Ota.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699488

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of interleukin-17 (IL-17) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of patients with multiple myeloma and analyse it's clinical significance.Methods Thirty patients with multiple myeloma in the Department of Hematopathy,the Third Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University from January 2016 to January 2017 were selected as observation group;and thirty healthy donors whose gender and age machted with patients in the observation group were selected as control group.Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were obtained from subjects in observation group and control group by using the method of density gradient centrifugation.The content of IL-17 in supernatant of PBMC culture solution of subjects in the two groups was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and the expression of IL-17 mRNA in PBMC was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction;the cellular morphology of PBMC of subjects in control group was observed by scanning electron microscope after co-culturing with the serum of patients in observation group.Results The content of IL-17 in supernatant of PBMC culture solution of subjects in the observation group and control group was (30.79 ± 4.96),(10.10 ± 4.15) ng · L-1 respectively;the content of IL-17 in supernatant of PBMC culture solution of subjects in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group (t =3.412,P < 0.05).The expression of IL-17 mRNA in PBMC in the observation group and control group was 4.28 ± 1.34 and 2.45 ±0.95 respectively;the expression of IL-17 mRNA in PBMC in the observation was significantly higher than that in the control group (t =2.796,P <0.05).After co-culturing of PBMC of subjects in the control group with the serum of patients in the observation group,the morphology of PBMC changed obviously,and membrane desquamate,membrane disintegration,even membranolysis were observed in some cells with the prolongation of co-culture time.Conclusion The over-expression of IL-17 in PBMC of patients with multiple myeloma may play a certain role in the occurrence and development of this disease.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690381

ABSTRACT

Dihydrochelerythrine was isolated from the ethanol extract of Corydalis yanhusuo by chromatographic and recrystallization techniques. To our knowledge, this is the first report that dihydrochelerythrine was found to be unstable. The NMR, HPLC, and LC-MS were applied to monitor the structural conversion process of dihydrochelerythrine. The results showed that when dissolved in polar deuteration solvent (e.g., DMSO-₆ & MeOD), dihydrochelerythrine is directly converted to chelerythrine gradually. However, if used non-polar reagent (e.g.,CD₂Cl₂), the sample of dihydrochelerythrine undergoes the formation of pseudobase, chelerythrine, and bimolecular ether then followed by oxidation to oxychelerythrine as the major final product. Which leads to this phenomenon maybe is that the C-6 in dihydrochelerythrine is highly reactive to nucleophiles, and is easily converted to different derivatives in different solvents attributed to the solvent effect. This finding will contribute to the extraction and isolation, bioactivity screening, and quality evaluation of medicinal materials containing dihydrochelerythrine and other similar derivatives.

16.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1108-1111, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705678

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a method for the determination of the particle size of nifedipine and study the effect of particle size on the in vitro dissolution behaviors of nifedipine sustained release tablets. Methods: Light scattering was used to study the parti-cle size of nifedipine API. Nifedipine APIs with different particle sizes were prepared by a portable high-speed grinder. The in vitro dis-solution curve of nifedipine sustained released tablets (Ⅰ) was determined by HPLC. The similarity was evaluated using the similarity factor ( f2) with the original drug (trade name: Adalat-L, specification: 10mg) as the reference preparation. Results: The granulo-metric conditions were as follows: the pump speed of laser size analyzer was 1 800 r·min-1, the shading rate was 8%-20% , the bal-ance time was 0 s, the media was 0. 3% Tween 80, and the ultrasonic time was 1 min. The in vitro dissolution of nifedipine sustained released tablets (Ⅰ) showed that the smaller particle size of nifedipine API, the better the dissolution was. As the Dv90 ( the particle size accounting for 90% of the total particle quantity) was reduced from 118. 781 μm to 3. 471 μm, the cumulative dissolution in 0. 25 h of nifedipine sustained released tablets (Ⅰ) increased from 11. 2% to 44. 0% , the similarity factor ( f2) compared with the dis-solution cruve of the original drug increased firstly and then decreased, and f2value was 77 when the Dv90 was 29. 823 μm. Conclu-sion: The in vitro dissolution of nifedipine sustained released tablets is improved remarkably by micronization technology. In order to produce nifedipine sustained released tablets (Ⅰ) with the same bioavailability as the original drug preparation, the particle size of nife-dipine API should be controlled within the range of 15 μm≤Dv90≤45 μm.

17.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1058-1060, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691911

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of liquid-based cytology and cell paraffin blocks combined with immu-nocytochemical examination in cytopathologic diagnosis of hydrothorax and ascites.Methods One hundred and fourteen cases of hydrothorax and ascites sample were collected.The detection positive rates were compared between the liquid-based cytology and cell paraffin blocks combined with immunocyochemical examination.The suspected positive and positive cases were performed the immunocytochemical examination for further judging benign and malignancy and histological source.Results 114 cases of hydro-thorax and ascites samples,36 cases(31.58%)of positive were diagnosed by liquid-based cytologyamong and 55 cases(48.24%)of positive were diagnosed by cell paraffin blocks combined with immunocytochemical examination,the difference was statistically sig-nificant(P<0.01).There were 55 cases of malignant hydrothorax and ascites,45 cases were hydrothorax and 10 cases were ascites, in hydrothorax,there were 32 cases of lung adenocarcinoma,3 cases of small cell lung cancer,4 cases of breast cancer,1 case of en-dometrial carcinoma,1 case of lymphatic hematopoietic system tumor and 4 cases of unknown origin;in ascites,there were 2 cases of ovarian cancer,1 case of digestive system tumor,1 case of endometrial cancer,1 case of lymphatic hematopoietic system tumor and 5 cases of unknown origin.Conclusion The cell paraffin blocks combined with immunocytochemistry can significantly improve the positive detection rate of hydrothorax and ascites,and helps to judge the source of tissue.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690435

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of different concentrations of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) on the maturation, differentiation and autophagy of Hepa1-6 cells.</p><p><b>MONTHOD</b>Hepa1-6 cells were treated with 0.1, 1, and 10 µmol/L ATRA, and the changes in the expressions of hepatic specific markers were detected using real-time PCR and Western blotting. Indocyanine green (ICG) and periodic acid-schiff (PAS) staining was used to assess the functional maturation of Hepa1-6 cells, and the cell-cell junction and autophagy were observed under transmission electron microscopy to determine the optimal concentration of ATRA for treatment. The expressions of autophagy-related markers in the cells were detected using Western blotting, and confocal microscopy was used to observe the autophagic flow in the cells transfected with ptfLC3 plasmid.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control cells, the hepatocytes treated with ATRA showed a concentration-dependent decrease in AFP expression and increase in the expressions of ALB, CK18, TAT and ApoB. ICG and PAS staining revealed significantly increased number of positive cells after ATRA treatment. Following ATRA treatment, the cells exhibited obviously increased tight junctions, cytoskeleton and number of autophagosomes under transmission electron microscopy. ATRA treatment resulted in significantly increased the expressions of autophagy-related markers LC3-II, Beclin-1, RAB7 and P62 and also an increased ratio of LC3-II/LC3-I(P<0.05). Confocal microscopy revealed obviously increased green and red spots in the cells after ATRA treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ATRA can induce the maturation and differentiation and enhance the level of autophagy in Hepa1-6 cells.</p>

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687361

ABSTRACT

Nineteen compounds were isolated from the water-soluble extract of the dry roots of Paeonia lactiflora by using various chromatographic techniques. Their structures were identified by MS, NMR and other spectroscopic analysis as paeoniflorin(1), 4--ethylpaeoniflorin(2), 2'--benzoylpaeoniflorin(3), benzoylpaeoniflorin(4), 4"-hydroxy-benzoyloxypaeoniflorin(5), moudanpioside C(6), 6'--benzoyl-4"-hydroxy-3"-methoxy-paeoniflorin(7), paeoniflorin B(8), 6--benzoylalbiflorin(9), secoisolariciresinol (10), (+)-lyoniresinol(11), dihyrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol(12), ()-threo-7,9,9'-trihydroxy-3,3'-dimethoxy-8--4'-neolignan(13), (+)-neo-olivil (14), [()-5-methyl-2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-3-yl]methanol(15), 5-hydroxy--hydroxymethyl-6-methyl-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran(16), (+)-()-2-hydroxy-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-propan-1-one(17), (+)-(2)-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-propanol(18), (+)-()-()-4-hydroxy-2-nonenoic acid(19). Compounds 15 and 18 are new natural products, while compounds 10, 11, 13, 14, 17 and 19 are isolated from the genus Paeonia for the first time.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662068

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic performance of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging in assessing liver cirrhosis preoperatively in infants with biliary atresia (BA).Methods A total of 64 consecutive infants with BA who underwent ARFI imaging in 3 days before Kasai surgery were recruited.Virtual Touch Quantification mode was used to measure shear wave speed (SWS),All infants with BA underwent liver biopsy during the surgery.The mean SWS of infants with and without liver cirrhosis were compared and analyzed.The diagnostic efficacy of SWS was observed using ROC curves.Results Liver cirrhosis was found in 8 of 64 infants.The mean SWS in infants with cirrhosis was significant-ly higher than that in infants without cirrhosis ([2.51±0.50]m/s vs [1.74±0.31]m/s,t=6.039,P<0.001).The cutoff value of SWS for predicting liver cirrhosis was 2.16 m/s,the area under ROC curve was 0.930 (P<0.001),and the diagnostc sensitivity and specificity was 87.50% and 92.86%,respectively.Conclusion ARFI imaging is helpful to predic tion of liver cirrhosis in infants with BA preoperatively.It may be an effective method for clinical management and prognosis prediction in infants with BA.

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