Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 115
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940713

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the effective approaches to realize the leading role of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in preventing diseases, the synergistic role in treating serious diseases, the core role in the rehabilitation of diseases and summarized the experience to provide feasible plans for the evaluation of other dominant diseases of TCM. To evaluate the effectiveness, safety, and economy of TCM in the treatment of ischemic stroke, encephalopathy project team of the China Center for Evidence-based Traditional Chinese Medicine(CCEBTCM) established an evaluation group to determine the work plan and complete the evaluation work. The concepts of the evaluation involved high-quality evidence, expert opinion survey, expert interview, and drug catalog. Under the guidance of clinical experts and methodologists, the evaluation work was completed in accordance with four steps, i.e., plan making, data collection and data extraction, evidence synthesis and evaluation, and report writing with the rapid review method. Through the review of TCM and western medicine experts, the advantage of TCM in the treatment of ischemic stroke was positioned in the convalescence period with the predominant effects of improving the neurological function defect and improving the daily living ability. In the convalescence period of stroke, TCM treatment could improve post-stroke motor dysfunction, post-stroke cognitive impairment, consciousness disorder, swallowing disorder, aphasia, constipation, urinary function, diplopia, etc., and the advantages of acupuncture, Chinese medicine, and traditional exercise were more prominent. In terms of safety, TCM treatment of ischemic stroke showed lower incidence of adverse reactions, fewer adverse events, and a milder degree of related symptoms. In terms of economic performance, the combined treatment of TCM and western medicine played a synergistic role and made the treatment cost more reasonable. Compared with conventional intervention, the integrated TCM and western medicine rehabilitation program showed more economic and social benefits.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908666

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of sodium hyaluronate on chronic periodontitis and its influence on serum hyper sensitive C-reactive protein(hs-CRP), interleukin 8(IL-8) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α).Methods:Using the random number table method, 98 patients with chronic periodontitis from March 2017 to March 2019 in Hangzhou Xixi Hospital were randomly divided into observation group (49 cases) and control group (49 cases). The control group was treated with tinidazole tablets, and the observation group was treated with sodium hyaluronate on the basis of the control group. The course of treatment was 4 weeks. The total effective rate was compared and the gingival index(GI), sulcus bleeding index (SBI), plaque index (PLI), and the levels of serum hs-CRP, IL-8, TNF-α before and 4 weeks after treatment were compared between the two groups.Results:The total effective rate of the observation group was higher than that of the control group:93.88%(46/49) vs. 71.43%(35/49), the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=8.612, P<0.05). After treatment of 4 weeks, the scores of GI, SBI and PLI in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: (1.10 ± 0.23 vs. 1.63 ± 0.36, 0.38 ± 0.10 vs.0.71 ± 0.15, 0.83 ± 0.29 vs. 1.36 ± 0.21), the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). After treatment of 4 weeks, the levels of hs-CRP, IL-8 and TNF-α in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: (4.53 ± 1.29) mg/L vs. (7.65 ± 1.82) mg/L, (6.17 ± 1.08) ng/L vs. (9.98 ± 1.56) ng/L, (2.27 ± 0.26) μg/L vs. (3.98 ± 0.32) μg/L, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). No obvious adverse reactions occurred in the two groups. Conclusions:Sodium hyaluronate has a significant clinical effect on chronic periodontitis. It can reduce the levels of hs-CRP, IL-8, TNF-α and alleviate the inflammatory reaction.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888166

ABSTRACT

This study aims to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Toutongning Capsules in the treatment of tension-type headache(TTH), so as to provide a corresponding basis for clinical treatment. Eight commonly used medical research databases and two clinical trial registration systems were retrieved with the time interval from the establishment of the database or system to November 2020. The randomized controlled trials of Toutongning Capsules in the treatment of TTH were screened out according to the pre-set criteria. The quality of the included papers was evaluated by the bias risk assessment tool in Cochrane Reviewers Handbook 6.1 and the data were statistically analyzed by RevMan v5.4 provided by Cochrane collaboration. A total of 13 studies were included and the quality of methodology was generally low. Meta-analysis showed that Toutongning Capsules assisted with western medicine therapy can effectively reduce the pain intensity(MD_(VAS)=-1.94,95%CI[-2.50,-1.38],P<0.000 01;MD_(NRS)=-0.83,95%CI[-0.86,-0.80],P<0.000 01), headache duration(SMD=-0.98,95%CI[-1.17,-0.79],P<0.000 01), headache frequency(MD=-1.01,95%CI[-1.16,-0.85],P<0.000 01), headache index(MD=-11.13,95%CI[-12.10,-10.16],P<0.000 01), anxiety and depression scale score(MD_(HAMA)=-4.02,95%CI[-6.58,-1.46],P=0.002;MD_(HAMD)=-2.67,95%CI[-4.04,-1.29],P=0.000 1), while Toutongning Capsules as monotherapy only reduced the headache score(MD=-2.24,95%CI[-2.97,-1.51],P<0.000 01). The available clinical studies demonstrate that Toutongning Capsules combined with western medicine in the treatment of TTH can improve the related outcome indicators, but the clinical safety and efficacy of Toutongning Capsules alone remain unclear. Due to the small number and low quality of the included studies, large-sample, multi-center, high-quality and strictly designed randomized controlled trials are still needed to verify the clinical efficacy in the future.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Tension-Type Headache/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888165

ABSTRACT

The efficacy of gastrodin as a Chinese herbal medicine extract in the treatment of tension-type headache has been confirmed. This paper systematically reviewed the efficacy and safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache, aiming to provide a new choice for the treatment of this disease. In this study, four Chinese databases, four English databases and two trial registries were searched from the date of establishment to September 2020. The related randomized controlled trials(RCTs) were screened out according to the predetermined criteria. The bias risk assessment tool developed by Cochrane collaboration was used to evaluate the quality of the reports. RevMan 5.4.1 was used for Meta-analysis, and GRADE system for the evidence-based evaluation on the quality of outcome indicators. A total of 177 articles were retrieved and 8 articles were finally included for analysis, with a total sample size of 1 091 cases, which included 565 cases in the treatment group and 526 cases in the control group. The overall quality of included stu-dies was not high. The results of Meta-analysis are as follows:(1)In terms of headache frequency, gastrodin group was better than wes-tern medicine group(MD=-2.90, 95%CI[-3.76,-2.03], P<0.000 01).(2)In terms of number of abnormal blood vessels in TCD, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(MD=-88.96, 95%CI[-102.36,-75.55], P<0.000 01).(3)In terms of effective rate, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.47, 95%CI[1.29, 1.68], P<0.000 01). The results of subgroup analysis are as follows:(1)Effective rate based on age, for the patients upper age limit 40-46 years old, gastro-din group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.69, 95%CI[1.50, 1.90], P<0.000 01); for the patients upper age limit 55-60 years old, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.27, 95%CI[1.16, 1.38], P<0.000 01).(2)Effective rate based on dosage form, both the gastrodin capsules and injection groups were better than western medicine group(RR_(capsules)=1.42, 95%CI[1.08, 1.88], P=0.01; RR_(injection)=1.50, 95%CI[1.26, 1.77], P<0.000 01). GRADE evaluation showed that the above outcomes had low quality of evidence. Only one article detailed the occurrence of adverse reactions and thus the present study cannot make a positive conclusion on the safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache. The small number and low quality of the included reports affected the reliability of the results. In the future, more high-quality randomized controlled trails are needed to improve the evaluation on the efficacy and safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache.


Subject(s)
Adult , Benzyl Alcohols/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Glucosides , Humans , Middle Aged , Reproducibility of Results , Tension-Type Headache
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888163

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the application of outcome indicators in randomized controlled trials(RCTs) concerning the treatment of tension-type headache(TTH) with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in recent five years, so as to provide a basis for the study of core outcome set(COS) for TCM intervention in TTH. The RCTs on TCM treatment of TTH in recent five years were systematically retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, EMbase, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov and China Clinical Trial Registry. After literature screening, data extraction and evaluation of the risk of bias, the outcome indicators in the included RCTs were subjected to qualitative analysis. The preliminary search yielded 19 042 articles, and 10 983 were left after the elimination of duplication. Finally, 52 RCTs(48 in Chinese and 4 in English) were included for qualitative analysis. The outcome indicators of RCTs included in this study were classified into seven domains: TCM syndrome, symptom and sign, physical and chemical detection, quality of life, long-term prognosis, economic evaluation, and safety event. The findings demonstrated that headache characteristic index in the symptom and sign domain was the index with the highest reporting frequency and reporting rate. Seventeen RCTs used TCM syndrome score as the outcome indicator. Further analysis revealed that there existed such problems in research design as non-distinction between primary and secondary outcome indicators, great difference in the adopted measurement tools for outcome indicators, and the neglect of measurement time of outcome indicators. Moreover, the syndrome indicators reflecting TCM advantages, objective evaluation indicators, safety and health-economic indicators were lacking. These limitations have affected the quality and reliability of RCTs on TTH treatment with TCM. It is suggested that the efficacy and characteristics of TCM should be combined into current clinical research, and the COS in RCTs regarding TCM treatment of TTH should be established according to internationally recognized standard procedures.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reproducibility of Results , Tension-Type Headache/drug therapy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888037

ABSTRACT

The effect of oral or nasal feeding with Chinese patent medicine on hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage was systematically evaluated by using the method of network Meta-analysis. Four Chinese databases(CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, CBM), three English databases(Medline, EMbase, Cochrane Library) and ClinicalTrials.gov were retrieved through computers. According to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria, randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Chinese patent medicine combined with Western medicine in the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage were screened out according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. The Cochrane bias risk assessment tool was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies, and Stata 16.0 software was used to analyze the outcome indicators. A total of 3 888 literatures were retrieved, and 30 studies involving 6 kinds of Chinese patent medicines were finally included. The total sample size was 2 758 cases, including 1 401 cases in the treatment group and 1 357 cases in the control group. According to the results of network Meta-analysis,(1)in terms of improving the degree of nerve function defect, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Xiaoyukang Capsules>combined with Tongxinluo Capsules>combined with Naoxuekang Oral Liquid>combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>combined with Angong Niuhuang Pills>conventional Western medicine;(2)in terms of reducing the amount of residual cerebral hematoma, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>combined Xiaoyukang Capsules>combined Naoxuekang Oral Liquid>conventional Western medicine;(3)in terms of improving ability of daily living, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Shenzhi Huoxue Capsules>combined with Angong Niuhuang Pills>combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>conventional Western medicine;(4)in terms of improving total effective rate, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>combined with Xiaoyukang Capsules>combined with Angong Niuhuang Pills=combined with Naoxuekang Oral Liquid>combined Tongxinluo Capsules>conventional Western medicine treatment. The results showed that in addition to conventional Western medicine therapy, the combined use with Chinese patent medicine can improve the clinical efficacy in the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. However, due to the differences in the number and quality of various Chinese patent medicines included in the studies, and the lack of direct comparison of Chinese patent medicines, the ranking results still need to be verified by multi center, large-sample-size randomized double-blind trials in the future, so as to provide more reliable evidence support for clinical drug use.


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922559

ABSTRACT

Mesocotyl elongation is a key trait influencing seedling emergence and establishment in direct-seeding rice cultivation. The phytohormone gibberellin (GA) has positive effects on mesocotyl elongation in rice. However, the physiological and molecular basis underlying the regulation of mesocotyl elongation mediated by GA priming under deep-sowing conditions remains largely unclear. In the present study, we performed a physiological and comprehensive transcriptomic analysis of the function of GA priming in mesocotyl elongation and seedling emergence using a direct-seeding

8.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1003-1009, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921839

ABSTRACT

Bionic untethered micro-nano robots, due to their advantages of small size, low weight, large thrust-to-weight ratio, strong wireless mobility, high flexibility and high sensitivity, have very important application values in the fields of biomedicine, such as disease diagnosis, minimally invasive surgery, targeted therapy, etc. This review article systematically introduced the manufacturing methods and motion control, and discussed the biomedical applications of bionic untethered micro-nano robots. Finally, the article discussed the possible challenges for bionic untethered micro-nano robots in the future. In summary, this review described bionic untethered micro-nano robots and their potential applications in biomedical fields.


Subject(s)
Bionics , Equipment Design , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Motion , Robotics
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2799-2809, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921220

ABSTRACT

In the past 37 years, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) has undergone various major transmission routes in China, with the world most complex co-circulating HIV-1 subtypes, even the prevalence is still low. In response to the first epidemic outbreak of HIV in injecting drug users and the second one by illegal commercial blood collection, China issued the Anti-Drug Law and launched the Blood Donation Act and nationwide nucleic acid testing, which has avoided 98,232 to 211,200 estimated infections and almost ended the blood product-related infection. China has been providing free antiretroviral therapy (ART) since 2003, which covered >80% of the identified patients and achieved a viral suppression rate of 91%. To bend the curve of increasing the disease burden of HIV and finally end the epidemic, China should consider constraining HIV spread through sexual transmission, narrowing the gaps in identifying HIV cases, and the long-term effectiveness and safety of ART in the future.


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/prevention & control , China/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Humans , Prevalence
10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1541-1545, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933008

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate an association between glycosylated hemoglobin(HbA1c)level and non-alcoholic fatty liver(NAFL)in the elderly.Methods:In this retrospective case-control study, 5 186 elderly individuals aged 65 years and over meeting the inclusion conditions via health physical examination were successively selected from January to December 2018.They were divided into NAFL group(n=1 731)and non-NAFL group(n=3 455). Waist circumference, body mass index, smoking history, diastolic blood pressure, glomerular filtration rate, serum levels of triglyceride, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase, aspartic aminotransferase, fasting blood glucose and HbA1c were compared between the two groups, and their correlations with NAFL were analyzed.Results:The prevalence of NAFL was 33.4%(1, 731/5, 186). The values of waistline, body mass index, smoking history, diastolic blood pressure, triglyceride, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, glomerular filtration rate, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, fasting glucose and HbA1c were higher in the NAFL group than in non-NAFL group(all P<0.05). While levels of creatinine, urea nitrogen and age were lower in the NAFL group than in non-NAFL group( P<0.05). According to the quartile of HbA1c level, these subjects were divided into Q1 to Q4 groups(HbA1c<5.7%, 5.7≤HbA1c<6.0%, 6.0%≤HbA1c<6.5%, HbA1c≥6.5%), and the prevalence of NAFL in the Q1 to Q4 were 22.8%(225/1 120), 27.9%(398/1 429), 36.5%(514/1 409), 45.9%(564/1 228)respectively.The prevalence of NAFL was increased along with the increase in the level of HbA1c( P<0.01). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age, gender and metabolic components, the risk for developing NAFL was gradually increased in Q2 group, Q3 group, Q4 group versus Q1 group as the following OR value: OR=1.274, 95% CI: 1.004-1.616; OR=1.639, 95% CI: 1.294-2.077; OR=1.787, 95% CI: 1.337-2.389, respectively, all P<0.01. Conclusions:The prevalence of NAFL is positively associated with HbA1c levels in the elderly and HbA1c is an independent risk factor for NAFL disease.

11.
Neurology Asia ; : 341-352, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877267

ABSTRACT

@#Background: Previous studies showed controversial findings for correlation of periodontal disease and cognitive deficits. Methods: We searched systematically for studies pertaining to correlation of periodontal disease and cognitive deficits published between August 1980 and December 2019 on Web of Science and PubMed. We combined the data extracted from the included studies to determine the correlation between periodontal disease and cognitive deficits. Results: Our analysis indicated a higher risk of cognitive deficits in those with moderate to severe periodontal disease when compared to those with mild or no periodontal disease (odds ratio (OR) = 1.38 (95% confidence intervals (CI): 1.28-1.48). Subgroup analysis showed significant correlations in only case-control and cohort studies (case-control studies: OR = 1.49 (95% CI: 1.24-1.80); cohort studies: relative risk (RR) = 1.33 (95% CI: 1.22-1.45)). Subgroup analysis also indicated that moderate to severe periodontal disease was correlated to increased dementia and Alzheimer disease risks, whereas no significant correlation was found between periodontal disease and mild cognitive impairment (dementia: OR/RRs = 1.32 (95% CI: 1.22-1.44); Alzheimer disease: OR/RRs = 1.51 (95% CI: 1.20-1.90); Mild cognitive impairment: OR/RRs = 1.31 (95% CI: 0.89-1.94)). Furthermore, subgroup analysis showed significant correlations between cognitive deficits and tooth loss, periodontitis, whereas no significant correlation was found between deep periodontal pockets and cognitive deficits (tooth loss: OR/RRs = 1.57 (95% CI: 1.39- 1.77); periodontitis: OR/RRs = 1.43 (95% CI: 1.03-2.00); deep periodontal pockets: OR/RRs = 1.24 (95% CI: 0.77-2.00)). Conclusions: This review suggests a significant correlation between periodontal disease and cognitive deficits. Interventional studies for periodontal disease may be beneficial for patients with cognitive deficits

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1303-1306, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867396

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features and prognosis of acute myocardial infarction with or without cardiovascular risk factors.Methods:22 780 patients with acute myocardial infarction registered with the National Health Commission from November 2015 to December 2018 were analyzed. After excluding 3 432 patients, the patients were divided into two groups according to whether there were cardiovascular risk factors. The control group (2 840 cases) had no cardiovascular risk factors, and the observation group (16 508 cases) had cardiovascular risk factors. The clinical characteristics, cardiac function indexes, complications and prognosis were observed between the two groups.Results:There were significant differences in age, symptoms, blood pressure, heart rate, blood glucose, creatinine, total cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipid-cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipid-cholesterol (LDL-C) between the two groups ( P<0.05). The results of coronary angiography showed that there were significant differences in single vessel disease, left main or multiple vessels, left anterior descending branch, left circumflex branch, right coronary artery and left main artery between the two groups ( P<0.05). There was no difference in mortality (2.6% vs 3.1%, P=0.450) and complications (20.6% vs 20.0%, P=0.647) between the observation group and the control group. One year later, the clinical results showed that the all-cause mortality of the control group was 2.0% (57/2 840) and that of the observation group was 1.3% (215/16 508), with statistically significant difference ( P=0.031). Conclusions:Even without cardiovascular risk factors, elderly patients are prone to acute myocardial infarction. Therefore, patients without any cardiovascular risk factors still need to be given full monitoring.

13.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 858-860, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823283

ABSTRACT

Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging respiratory infectious disease first reported in Wuhan, China, with subsequent spread worldwide. Except for a professional medical team sending to the affected area, fever clinics, fever wards, as well as expert groups were set up by Jinling hospital at the first time. Meanwhile, a pneumonia pre-ward was established according to the needs of epidemic prevention and control. To date, a total of 22 pneumonia patients negative for COVID-19 nucleic acid test have been treated in this pneumonia pre-ward, of which 6 are still under treatment, 16 are cured and discharged, with the medical staff free from infection. This article discusses the application and value of pneumonia pre-ward in COVID-19 from aspects of ward setting and management, work flow, treated cases, experience in diagnosis and treatment, etc.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781672

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the long-term effect of posterior lumbar pedicle screw fixation combined with isthmus bone grafting and fusion in young patients with spondylolysis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was carried out, consisting of 16 young patients with lumbar spondylolysis without spondylolisthesis treated by lumbar posterior pedicle screw fixation combined with isthmic bone grafting fusion from January 2006 to July 2014. There were 11 males and 5 females, aged from 18 to 21 years old, with an average age of 19.3 years old, and the course of disease ranged from 12 to 26 months, with an average of 22 months. All the patients suffered from lumbar pain and difficulty in getting out of bed. Preoperative CT confirmed 12 cases of L₅ isthmus fissure and 4 cases of L₄ isthmus fissure. Bone graft fusion was confirmed and internal fixation was removed after operation. Lumbar spondylolysis was evaluated by lumbago visual analogue scoring method at preoperative and postoperative time points. Lumbar isthmic fusion was evaluated by lumbar CT, and degeneration of fixed and adjacent segments of lumbar intervertebral disc was evaluated by lumbar MRI.@*RESULTS@#Of the 16 patients, 13 patients (26 sides) were followed up, with a mean duration of 96 months. The operation time ranged from 80 to 105 minutes, with an average of 95 minutes. The intraoperative bleeding volume ranged from 150 to 300 ml, with an average of 225 ml. All the patients were successfully operated without any complications related to the operation. VAS scores at each time point after operation were improved compared with those before operation(<0.01). Postoperative CT scans of lumbar spine showed osseous fusion at 6 to 14 months, with an average of 12 months. There were no changes of adjacent segment degeneration, fixed segment disc degeneration and protrusion on lumbar spine MRI, and no symptomatic recurrence or recurrent spondylolysis in the long term.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The posterior lumbar pedicle screw fixation combined with isthmic bone grafting and fusion is safe and effective in the treatment of young spondylolysis. The fusion rate is high and the interference of normal physiological range is reduced. The long-term effect is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Bone Transplantation , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Spondylolysis , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2355-2359, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817139

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish HPLC fingerprint of Zhuang and Yao medicine Lespedeza formosa, and to provide reference for quality control of L. formosa from different producing areas. METHODS: Totally 10 batches of samples were collected from 5 producing areas as Guangxi Nanning, Guilin, Wuzhou and so on. HPLC fingerprints was established and similarity analysis was carried out by using “Similarity evaluation system of TCM chromatographic fingerprint” (2012 edition) software. The determination was performed on Inertsil ODS-3 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-0.2% phosphoric acid solution (gradient elution) at the flow rate of 0.8 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set at 350 nm, and the column temperature was 35 ℃. The sample size was 10 μL. Common peaks were identified by comparing substance control. Cluster analysis and principal compoent analysis were performed by using IBM SPSS 21.0 statistical software. RESULTS: HPLC fingerprint was established, and 12 common peaks were calibrated. 3 common peaks were identified (common peak 8, 10, 11 were chafotalin, vitexin and isovitexin). The similarity of 10 batches of samples were all higher than 0.9. Through cluster analysis, 10 batches of medicinal materials could be clutered into 2 groups. According to the principal component analysis, the cumulative variance contribution rate of the two principal component factors was 86.108% (contribution rates of first principal components and second principal components were 66.891% and 19.217%). CONCLUSIONS: HPLC fingerprint of L. formosa is established successfully. The method is simple and easy to use, provides a reliable evalution method for quality control of L. formosa.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772629

ABSTRACT

Negative pressure pulmonary edema is a rare complication of general anesthesia. This paper presents a case of acute negative pressure pulmonary edema that occurred during general anesthesia resuscitation. The patient is a young male that underwent bimaxillary surgery under general anesthesia. Laryngospasm spasm ensued after extubation. The treatment for laryngeal spasm retained the smoothness of the nasopharyngal airway, and the pulse oxygen saturation rapidly decreased after anesthesia resuscitation. Pink foam sputum was sucked out from the cavity due to respiratory shortness from mouth and nose. Highly concentrated oxygen was immediately given to assist ventilation and as a symptomatic support (diuretics, hormones), and the condition evidently improved. The diagnosis and treatment of this case suggest that when acute pulmonary edema occurs during general anesthesia resuscitation, negative pressure pulmonary edema should be highly suspected. The first line of treatment is to relieve respiratory tract obstruction. Supplying highly concentrated oxygen to assist positive pressure ventilation is an effective treatment to alleviate pulmonary edema.


Subject(s)
Airway Obstruction , Anesthesia, General , Humans , Laryngismus , Male , Pulmonary Edema , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802244

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of modified Yinchen Wuling San in treating liver function and blood lipid of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NALFD) with moisture and heat implication and the mechanism on intestinal microflora. Method: One hundred and thirteen patients were randomly divided into control group (57 cases) and observation group (56 cases) by random number table according to SAS. Both groups'patients got non drug intervention. Patients in control group got polyene phosphatidylcholine capsules, 2 grains/time, 3 times/days, and live combined Bacillus subtilis and Enterococcus faecium Enteric-coated capsules, 2 grains/time, 3 times/days. In addition to therapy of control group, patients in observation was also given modified Yinchen Wuling San, 1 dose/day. The treatment in two groups continued for 12 weeks. Before and after treatment, levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and intestinal microflora were detected. And CT and B-mode ultrasonography of abdomen were detected. And traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes were scored. Result: After treatment, levels of ALT and AST in observation group were lower than those in control group (Z=2.002, PPZ=1.955, PZ=2.002, PZ=1.961, PPPConclusion: Modified Yinchen Wuling San can protect liver function of NAFLD, regulate lipid metabolism, ameliorate intestinal microflora, and recover the ecological equilibrium of intestine, with a good clinical effect.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796824

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate whether diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and motor evoked potentials (MEP) can be used as biomarkers to assess the degree of motor dysfunction of stroke survivors.@*Methods@#Sixty partially-paralyzed stroke survivors were given Fugl-Meyer assessments (FMAs) and MEP tests and assessed using DTI seeking any correlations among the results. The receiver operating characteristics curves (ROCs) were prepared to determine the tests′ efficacy in assessing severe motor dysfunction.@*Results@#① Asymmetry in the fractional anisotropy (aFA) of the peduncles cerebra as measured by DTI was negatively correlated with the FMA scores of the upper and lower limbs on the affected side. The aFA values of the posterior limb of the internal capsule (PLIC) were negatively correlated with the FMA scores of the affected upper limb, but not with the FMA scores of the affected lower limbs. The abnormalities in central motor conduction time and motor threshold, which are MEP parameters, were negatively correlated with the FMA scores of the affected limbs. ② The ROCs showed that the aFA value of the PLIC was the best indicator for assessing severe upper limb motor dysfunction, with a cut-off value of 0.167 giving the best discrimination. MEP waveform loss could also be used. It has high sensitivity but low specificity. ③ A combination of DTI and MEP can improve specificity in assessing severe motor dysfunction in the upper limbs.@*Conclusion@#DTI and MEP can both be used to evaluate motor dysfunction in stroke survivors. They have high clinical value for assessing severe motor dysfunction of the upper limbs.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792002

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether diffusion tensor imaging ( DTI) and motor evoked potentials (MEP) can be used as biomarkers to assess the degree of motor dysfunction of stroke survivors. Methods Sixty partially-paralyzed stroke survivors were given Fugl-Meyer assessments ( FMAs) and MEP tests and assessed using DTI seeking any correlations among the results. The receiver operating characteristics curves ( ROCs) were prepared to determine the tests' efficacy in assessing severe motor dysfunction. Results ① Asymmetry in the fractional ani-sotropy ( aFA) of the peduncles cerebra as measured by DTI was negatively correlated with the FMA scores of the up-per and lower limbs on the affected side. The aFA values of the posterior limb of the internal capsule ( PLIC) were negatively correlated with the FMA scores of the affected upper limb, but not with the FMA scores of the affected low-er limbs. The abnormalities in central motor conduction time and motor threshold, which are MEP parameters, were negatively correlated with the FMA scores of the affected limbs. ②The ROCs showed that the aFA value of the PLIC was the best indicator for assessing severe upper limb motor dysfunction, with a cut-off value of 0.167 giving the best discrimination. MEP waveform loss could also be used. It has high sensitivity but low specificity. ③A combination of DTI and MEP can improve specificity in assessing severe motor dysfunction in the upper limbs. Conclusion DTI and MEP can both be used to evaluate motor dysfunction in stroke survivors. They have high clinical value for assess-ing severe motor dysfunction of the upper limbs.

20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 156-161, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745035

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of optimizing perioperative nursing process and applying enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) model in the treatment of post-traumatic bone infection of lower limb using the membrane induction technique.Methods A retrospective case control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 225 patients with post-traumatic bone infection of lower limb admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from January 2015 to December 2016.There were 184 males and 41 females,aged 19-63 years,with an average age of 41.8 years.There were 123 patients with tibia infection,80 with femur infection and 22 with fibula infection.A total of 125 patients received process optimization plus ERAS (test group),and 100 patients received traditional treatment (control group).Visual analogue scale (VAS) before operation and 1,3 and 7 days after operation,incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT),bedridden time,sleep time,ambulation distance,length of stay in hospital and patient satisfaction were compared between the two groups.Results The VAS scores in the test group were (4.5 ± 0.7) points,(3.7 ± 0.6) points,and (2.7 ± 0.5) points at 1,3 and 7days after operation,which were lower than those in the control group (5.7 ± 0.8) points,(5.5 ± 0.8) points,(3.6 ± 0.5) points (P < 0.05 or 0.01).There was no significant difference in VAS 10 days after operation between the two groups (P > 0.05).The incidence of DVT in test group was 16.0%,which was significantly lower than that in the control group 39.0% (P < 0.01).The bedridden time of the test group was (3.5 ± 0.1) days,and that of the control group was (7.0 ± 0.4) days (P <0.05).The sleep time at 1,2,and 3 days after operation as well as the ambulation distance at 3,4,and 5 days after operation in the test group were significantly longer than those in the control group (P <0.05).The hospitalization time was (13.4 ± 1.2) days in the test group and (17.6 ± 1.9) days in the control group (P < 0.05).The satisfaction rate was 99.2% in the test group and 87.0% in the control group (P < 0.05).Conclusion During treatment of post-traumatic bone infection of lower limb using the membrane induction technique,nursing process optimization plus ERAS intervention program can effectively alleviate postoperative pain,improve daily activity abilities,shorten hospitalization time,improve patient satisfaction and better promote patient rehabilitation.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL