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1.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 70-72, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011104

ABSTRACT

Hyperlipidemia is characterized by elevated levels of blood lipids. The clinical manifestations are mainly atherosclerosis caused by the deposition of lipids in the vascular endothelium. The link between abnormal lipid metabolism and sudden hearing loss remains unclear. This article presents a case study of sudden hearing loss accompanied by familial hyperlipidemia. Pure tone audiometry indicated intermediate frequency hearing loss in one ear. Laboratory tests showed abnormal lipid metabolism, and genetic examination identified a heterozygous mutation in theAPOA5 gene. Diagnosis: Sudden hearing loss; hypercholesterolemia. The patient responded well to pharmacological treatment. This paper aims to analyze and discuss thepotential connection between abnormal lipid metabolism and sudden hearing loss.


Subject(s)
Humans , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Deafness/complications , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/diagnosis , Hearing Loss, Sudden/diagnosis , Hyperlipidemias/complications , Lipids
2.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 18-22, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011096

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze genetic factors and phenotype characteristics in pediatric population with slight-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss. Methods:Children with slight-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss of and their parents, enrolled from the Chinese Deafness Genome Project, were studied. Hearing levels were assessed using pure tone audiometry, behavioral audiometry, auditory steady state response(ASSR), auditory brainstem response(ABR) thresholds, and deformed partial otoacoustic emission(DPOAE). Classification of hearing loss is according to the 2022 American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics(ACMG) Clinical Practice Guidelines for Hearing Loss. Whole exome sequencing(WES) and deafness gene Panel testing were performed on peripheral venous blood from probands and validations were performed on their parents by Sanger sequencing. Results:All 134 patients had childhood onset, exhibiting bilateral symmetrical slight-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss, as indicated by audiological examinations. Of the 134 patients, 29(21.6%) had a family history of hearing loss, and the rest were sporadic patients. Genetic causative genes were identified in 66(49.3%) patients. A total of 11 causative genes were detected, of which GJB2 was causative in 34 cases(51.5%), STRC in 10 cases(15.1%), MPZL2 gene in six cases(9.1%), and USH2A in five cases(7.6%).The most common gene detected in slight-to-moderate hearing loss was GJB2, with c. 109G>A homozygous mutation found in 16 cases(47.1%) and c. 109G>A compound heterozygous mutation in 9 cases(26.5%). Conclusion:This study provides a crucial genetic theory reference for early screening and detection of mild to moderate hearing loss in children, highlighting the predominance of recessive inheritance and the significance of gene like GJB2, STRC, MPZL2, USH2A.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Connexins/genetics , Connexin 26/genetics , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/diagnosis , Mutation , Usher Syndromes , Hearing Loss, Bilateral , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
3.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 172-184, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971478

ABSTRACT

Auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) represents a variety of sensorineural deafness conditions characterized by abnormal inner hair cells and/or auditory nerve function, but with the preservation of outer hair cell function. ANSD represents up to 15% of individuals with hearing impairments. Through mutation screening, bioinformatic analysis and expression studies, we have previously identified several apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) mitochondria-associated 1 (AIFM1) variants in ANSD families and in some other sporadic cases. Here, to elucidate the pathogenic mechanisms underlying each AIFM1 variant, we generated AIF-null cells using the clustered regularly interspersed short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) system and constructed AIF-wild type (WT) and AIF-mutant (mut) (p.‍T260A, p.‍R422W, and p.‍R451Q) stable transfection cell lines. We then analyzed AIF structure, coenzyme-binding affinity, apoptosis, and other aspects. Results revealed that these variants resulted in impaired dimerization, compromising AIF function. The reduction reaction of AIF variants had proceeded slower than that of AIF-WT. The average levels of AIF dimerization in AIF variant cells were only 34.5%‍‒‍49.7% of that of AIF-WT cells, resulting in caspase-independent apoptosis. The average percentage of apoptotic cells in the variants was 12.3%‍‒‍17.9%, which was significantly higher than that (6.9%‍‒‍7.4%) in controls. However, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) treatment promoted the reduction of apoptosis by rescuing AIF dimerization in AIF variant cells. Our findings show that the impairment of AIF dimerization by AIFM1 variants causes apoptosis contributing to ANSD, and introduce NADH as a potential drug for ANSD treatment. Our results help elucidate the mechanisms of ANSD and may lead to the provision of novel therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis Inducing Factor/metabolism , NAD/metabolism , Dimerization , Apoptosis
4.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 153-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970150

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the pathological features and the clinicopathological significance of TERT detection in those tumors that were difficult to diagnosis. Methods: A total of 93 cases of fibroepithelial tumors without definite diagnosis were collected from the Affiliated Hospital of Qigndao University between 2013 and 2021. The clinical details such as patients' age and tumor size were collected. All slides were re-reviewed and the pathologic parameters, including stromal cellularity, stromal cell atypia, stromal cell mitoses, and stromal overgrowth were re-interpreted. Sanger sequencing was used to detect TERT promoter status, and immunohistochemistry was performed to detect TERT protein expression. The relationship between TERT promoter mutation as well as protein expression levels and the clinicopathological parameters were also analyzed. Results: The patients' ages ranged from 30 to 71 years (mean of 46 years); the tumor size ranged from 1.2 to 8.0 cm (mean 3.8 cm). These tumors showed the following morphologic features: leafy structures in the background of fibroadenoma, or moderately to severely abundant stromal cells. The interpretations of tumor border status were ambiguous in some cases. The incidence of TERT promoter mutation was high in patients of age≥50 years, tumor size≥4 cm, and stromal overgrowth at ×4 or ×10 objective, and these clinicopathologic features were in favor of diagnosis of phyllodes tumors. TERT protein expression levels was not associated with the above clinicopathologic parameters and its promoter mutation status. Conclusions: The diagnostic difficulty for the breast fibroepithelial tumors is due to the difficulty in recognition of the leafy structures or in those cases with abundant stromal cells. A comprehensive evaluation combined with morphologic characteristics and molecular parameters such as TERT promoter may be helpful for the correct diagnosis and better evaluating recurrence risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Neoplasms, Fibroepithelial/pathology , Phyllodes Tumor/genetics , Stromal Cells , Fibroadenoma/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Mutation , Telomerase/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 365-369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990044

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore risk factors for clinical onset in children with uncontrolled self-limited epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (SeLECTS) managed by 2 anti-seizure medications (ASMs).Methods:A total of 112 children with SeLECTS who were diagnosed at the Department of Pediatric Neurology of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2018 to May 2021 were retrospectively reviewed.All of them were treated with conventional ASMs, and regularly followed up for 1-2 years.Types of therapeutic drugs, clinical seizure control status, presence of new seizure forms, electroencephalogram (EEG) were reviewed at follow-up visits.According to whether the seizures were controlled after the use of no more than 2 ASMs, patients were divided into poor response group (43 cases) and good response group (69 cases), and their clinical data and EEG characteristics were compared.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the risk factors for seizures that were uncontrolled by 2 ASMs. Results:There were significant differences in the age of onset ( χ2=8.919, P=0.003), seizure form ( χ2=4.218, P=0.040), seizure frequency ( Z=-7.664, P<0.001), EEG background slowing ( χ2=10.284, P=0.001), emergence of electrical status epilepticus during slow-wave sleep (ESES)( χ2=11.921, P=0.001), discharge generalization ( χ2=25.377, P<0.001), and presence of epileptic encephalopathy with spike-and-wave activation in sleep (EE-SWAS)( χ2=54.334, P<0.001) between groups.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that seizure frequency ( P<0.001, OR=0.086, 95% CI: 0.022-0.329), discharge generalization ( P=0.006, OR=9.942, 95% CI: 1.918-51.527) and EEG background slowing ( P=0.041, OR=6.648, 95% CI: 1.077-41.038) were the 3 main risk factors associated with poor response to short-term medications of ASMs. Conclusions:Seizures are easily controlled in most SeLECTS patients medicated with ASMs with a favorable prognosis.Seizure frequency, discharge generalization and EEG background slowing are risk factors for the poor response to short-term pharmacotherapy in children with SeLECTS.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2342-2351, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937037

ABSTRACT

Previously, we discovered that cells contain a 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) degradation system (5DS), which includes 5-HT2A receptor (5-HT2AR), 5-HT synthase, and monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A). Among these, 5-HT2AR has the ability to regulate the expression of 5-HT synthase and MAO-A, and activation of 5DS causes upregulation of these proteins at the same time, resulting in the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the mitochondria. In this study, we investigated the relationship between interstitial pneumonia (IP) and 5DS activation, as well as the therapeutic effect of inhibiting 5DS on IP. Animal models of bleomycin (BLM)-induced IP in mice and radiation (Rad)-induced IP in rats were established, and the models were treated with the 5-HT2AR antagonist sarpogrelate hydrochloride (SH), 5-HT synthesis inhibitor carbidopa (CDP), and their combination (SH∶CDP = 2∶1). The animal experiments were carried out in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of China Pharmaceutical University. In the two IP models, immunohistochemistry staining and Western blot analysis showed that the expression of 5-HT synthase was significantly upregulated in all cells of lung tissue, while the expression of 5-HT2AR and MAO-A was most significantly upregulated in the macrophages. Treatment with SH or CDP significantly reduced pulmonary interstitial thickening, alveolar atrophy with collapse, massive macrophage infiltration and interstitial fibrosis in the two IP models, as measured by HE and Masson staining, and a combination of both almost eliminated the lung tissue lesions. Moreover, treatment with the combination of SH and CDP almost completely eliminated increased ROS and malondialdehyde levels, decreased superoxide dismutase activity, increased tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β levels, and upregulated nuclear factor-κB phosphorylation and α‍-smooth muscle actin, matrix metalloproteinase-2, and collagen expression. SH and CDP worked together to create a synergistic effect. The findings suggested that the activation of 5DS, as evidenced by increased 5-HT synthesis in all cells of lung tissue and increased 5-HT synthesis and degradation in macrophages, is probably related to the occurrence of IP and that inhibition of 5DS can effectively treat IP.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 51-55, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935639

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical manifestations and genetic characteristics of patients with epilepsy and episodic ataxia caused by SCN2A gene variation. Methods: The clinical data of seizure manifestation, imaging examination and genetic results of 5 patients with epilepsy and (or) episodic ataxia because of SCN2A gene variation admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from July 2017 to January 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Among 5 patients, 4 were female and 1 was male. The onset age of epilepsy ranged from 4 days to 8 months. There were 2 cases of benign neonatal or infantile epilepsy and 3 cases of epileptic encephalopathy, in whom 1 case had development retardation,1 case transformed from West syndrome to infantile spasm and another one transformed from infantile spasm to Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. One case of benign neonatal-infantile epilepsy was characterized by neonatal onset seizures and episodic ataxia developed at the age of 78 months. Electroencephalograms at first visit of 5 cases showed that 2 cases were normal, 1 case had focal epileptic discharge, and 2 cases had multi-focal abnormal discharge with peak arrhythmia. The brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 3 cases were nomal, 1 case was abnormal (brain atrophy with decreased white matter) and the results of 1 case was unknown. The follow-up time ranged from 17 months to 89 months. Four cases of epilepsy were controlled and 1 case died at 2 years of age. Two cases had normal intelligence and motor development, 2 had moderate to severe intelligence retardation and motor critical state, and 1 had moderate to severe intelligence and motor development retardation. SCN2A gene variations were identified in all cases. There were 4 missense variations and 1 frameshift variation. Three variations had not been reported so far, including c.4906A>G,c.3643G>T,c.638delT. Conclusions: Variations in SCN2A gene can cause benign neonatal or infantile epilepsy and epileptic encephalopathy. Some children develop episodic ataxia with growing age. The variation of SCN2A gene is mainly missense variation.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Ataxia/genetics , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy/genetics , Mutation , /genetics , Retrospective Studies , Spasms, Infantile/genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 350-354, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928417

ABSTRACT

As a male-specific chromosome, the structure of Y chromosome is complex and lacks of recombination, with numerous repeating, amplifying and palindromic sequences. The research of Y chromosome is difficult and slow since there are few protein coding genes and a large amount of heterochromatin which has caused extreme difficulty for sequencing. In recent years, an increasing number of studies have been focused on the Y chromosome. With the completion of the sequencing of human Y chromosome, the rapid development of sequencing technology, and the composition of DNA sequences in human Y chromosomes and the determination of gene content. This paper has summarized the structural composition and genes function of human Y chromosome, as well as the related hereditary diseases, with an aim to provide reference for Y chromosome-related genetic research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Chromosomes, Human, Y/genetics
9.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 665-670, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912222

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the serum levels of copper and zinc and the application value of the ratio in assessing disease activity in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).Methods:From March 2019 to April 2020, 200 patients with IBD hospitalized at the Department of Gastroenterology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were selected by prospective random direct sampling method, including 100 patients with Crohn′s disease (CD) and 100 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). The Crohn′s disease activity index (CDAI) and the modified Mayo score were used to evaluate the disease activity of CD patients and UC patients. In the same period 100 healthy individuals in the routine physical examination were selected as healthy control group. The serum levels of copper and zinc of the healthy control group, the CD group and the UC group were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry. The levels and the ratio of serum copper to zinc of three groups were compared. The ratio of serum copper to zinc of CD patients and UC patients with different disease activity were compared. The correlation between the ratio of serum copper to zinc and IBD activity indexes were analyzed, which included fecal calprotectin (FC), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), CDAI and Mayo score. Receiver operating characteristic curve was drawn to analyze the value of the ratio of serum copper to zinc, CRP and ESR in predicting disease activity of patients with IBD. Independent sample t test, least significant difference- t test and Pearson correlation analysis were performed for statistical analysis. Results:The serum copper levels and the ratio of serum copper to zinc of the CD group and the UC group were both higher than that of the healthy control group, however the serum zinc levels were lower than that of the healthy control group ( (32.27±7.69) and (29.80±9.68) mol/L vs. (20.16±6.67) mol/L; 2.81±1.57 and 2.29±1.09 vs. 0.68±0.36; (14.64±7.11) and (15.65±8.17) mol/L vs. (34.29±16.40) mol/L), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=2.81, 5.87, 1.47, 7.21, 1.73 and 2.56, all P<0.05). Among CD patients, the the ratio of serum copper to zinc of patients at remission stage (29 cases), mild activity stage (23 cases), moderate activity stage (30 cases) and severe activity stage (18 cases) was 2.61±1.43, 2.75±1.35, 3.15±2.37 and 4.17±1.77, respectively, and the ratios of serum copper to zinc of patients at mild activity stage, moderate activity stage and severe activity stage were all higher than that of patients at the remission stage, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=3.41, 7.92 and 5.84, all P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the ratios of serum copper to zinc between patients at mild activity stage and moderate activity stage, severe activity stage, and between patients at moderate activity stage and severe activity stage ( t=5.82, 6.23 and 3.45, all P<0.05). Among UC patients, the ratio of serum copper to zinc of patients at remission stage (10 cases), mild activity stage (30 cases), moderate activity stage (45 cases) and severe activity stage (15 cases) was 1.52±0.44, 1.74±0.58, 2.38±0.83 and 3.80±1.19, respectively, the ratio of serum copper to zinc of patients at moderate activity stage was higher than that of patients at remission stage and mild activity stage, and the ratio of serum copper to zinc of patients at severe activity stage was higher than those of patients at remission stage, mild activity stage and moderate activity stage, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=7.92, 5.83, 3.21, 9.54 and 2.83, all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in serum copper to zinc ratio between patients at remission and at mild activity stage ( P>0.05). The ratio of serum copper to zinc of CD patients was positively correlated with FC and CRP ( r=0.697 and 0.586, P=0.014 and 0.001), however was not correlated with ESR or CDAI score (both P>0.05). The ratio of serum copper to zinc of UC patients was positively correlated with FC, ESR and Mayo score ( r=0.488, 0.452 and 0.331, P=0.001, P<0.01 and P=0.041), however was not correlated with CRP ( P>0.05). The cut-off value of the ratio of serum copper to zinc, CRP and ESR for the diagnosis of CD activity was 1.76, 8 mg/L and 20 mm/1 h, respectively. Among them, ESR was the most effective in the diagnosis of CD activity with an area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.830, and to the sensitivity and specificity was 69.0% and 86.2%, respectively. The cut-off value of the ratio of serum copper to zinc, CRP and ESR for the diagnosis of UC activity was 1.63, 8 mg/L and 20 mm/1 h, respectively; among which the the ratio of serum copper to zinc had the highest efficacy in the diagnosis of UC activity, with an AUC value of 0.862, sensitivity and specificity of 73.0% and 90.9%, respectively. Conclusion:The the ratio of serum copper to zinc is correlated with the disease activity of IBD, which may become a new auxiliary indicator for the evaluation of disease activity.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 190-200, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872624

ABSTRACT

Fatigue is a common complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We examined the relationship between T2DM fatigue and the skeletal muscle 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) system. In animal experiments, a T2DM model was established in mice by feeding a high-fat diet with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. The mice were treated with the 5-HT2A receptor antagonist sarpogrelate hydrochloride (SH) and the 5-HT synthesis inhibitor carbidopa (CDP) (separately and in combination). In cell culture experiments, C2C12 cells were stimulated with D-glucose, palmitic acid or 5-HT. 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthesis and 5-HT degradation were inhibited by SH, CDP, or monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) inhibitor. The animal experiments were in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of China Pharmaceutical University. The results showed that 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthase and MAO-A were expressed in mouse skeletal muscle and C2C12 cells. The expression of these proteins was significantly up-regulated in T2DM mice or when C2C12 cells were exposed to palmitic acid and D-glucose; palmitic acid was a stronger stimulant of their expression than D-glucose. Rotating rod experiments and biochemical index tests have shown that T2DM fatigue is associated with an increase in skeletal muscle 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthesis and 5-HT degradation. 5-HT2AR mediates the expression of MAO-A and the synthesis of 5-HT, which indirectly regulates the degradation of 5-HT. MAO-A regulates cell inflammation, mitochondrial ROS production and membrane potential depolarization by mediating 5-HT degradation. MAO-A also inhibits the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1 (PGC-1), carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT1) and ATP synthase-6 (ATP6), thus inhibiting mitochondrial functions such as fatty acid β oxidation and ATP synthesis. SH and CDP can effectively treat T2DM fatigue, and can also reduce blood glucose and blood lipid, and the combination of SH and CDP has a clear synergistic effect.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1612-1620, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881562

ABSTRACT

Hyperglycemic kidney injury (HKI) is a common complication of diabetic patients. We examined the relationship between HKI and the abnormal expression of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) system induced by hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In animal experiments, a T2DM model was established in mice by feeding a high-fat diet with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. The mice were treated with the 5-HT2A receptor (5-HT2AR) antagonist sarpogrelate hydrochloride (SH) and 5-HT synthesis inhibitor carbidopa (CDP) (respectively or in combination). In cell culture experiments, human glomerular mesangial cells (HMC) were stimulated with D-glucose (D-Glu), and 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthesis, and 5-HT degradation were inhibited by SH, CDP, or monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) inhibitor clorgyline. Periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining and Masson staining, immunohistochemistry and Western blot, fluorescent probe, and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and enzyme reagent were respectively used to detect histopathology, protein expression, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), and biochemical indexes. The animal experiments were in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of China Pharmaceutical University. The results showed that 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthases, and MAO-A were expressed in glomerular basement membrane and kidney tubular epithelial cells of mouse kidney and HMC. The expression of these proteins was significantly up-regulated in T2DM mice or when HMC cells were exposed to high concentration of D-Glu. HKI, characterized by abnormal renal function, glomerular swelling, and glomerular basement membrane thickening and fibrosis, is closely associated with an increase in kidney 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthesis, and 5-HT degradation. Among them, 5-HT2AR can mediate the expression of 5-HT synthases and MAO-A; MAO-A can catalyze the degradation of 5-HT to increase the production of mitochondrial ROS, leading to the phosphorylation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) with the production of inflammatory cytokines, and the up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) with the production of collagens. SH and CDP can effectively treat HKI, and the combination of SH and CDP has a clear synergistic effect.

12.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 106-112, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821516

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study was to explore the clinical features, hearing prognosis and differential diagnosis of recurrent low frequency sensorineural hearing loss (RLFD) . @*Method@#The clinical characteristics, clinical manifestations, audiological examination and auxiliary examination of RLFD patients were retrospectively analyzed. We summarized clinical features, draw the pure tone audiometry curves, and analyze the diagnosis of RLFD. @*Result@#Forty-seven patients (53 ears) with RLFD had a hearing review time of 1-124 months. The course of disease ranged from 3 to 320 months with an average course of 29 months. ①The incidence of tinnitus in the accompanying symptoms was 93.6%(44 cases), and the ear suffocation was 83.0%(39 cases), 38.3% (18 cases) of the patients developed vestibular symptoms during the course of the disease. ②During the observation period, 27 cases(57.4%) were diagnosed with related diseases: 7 cases(14.9%) Meniere's disease, 6 cases(12.8%) vestibular migraine, 2 cases(4.3%) with Meniere's disease and migraine, and 1 case(2.1%) with idiopathic intracranial hypotension 11 cases(23.4%) were possible cochlear migraine; ③Migraine-related RLFD had a younger onset age, more common in women; ④83.0%(44 ears)of the affected ears had stable or improved low-frequency hearing during the observation period, 17.0%(9 ears)of the affected ears experienced low-frequency hearing; ⑤18.9%(10 ears)of the affected ears had high-frequency hearing loss; ⑥RLFD had 6 types of audiological outcomes: low-frequency improvement combined with high-frequency stability; low-frequency stability combined with high-frequency stability; low frequency progress combined with high frequency stability type; low frequency improvement combined with high frequency progress type; low frequency stability combined with high frequency progress type; low frequency progress combined with high frequency progress type; ⑦Rising type hearing curve low frequency hearing prognosis is good, mountain type and descending low frequency hearing prognosis is poor. @*Conclusion@#Tinnitus and ear stuffiness are the early symptoms and the most disturbing symptoms in patients with RLFD. The mechanism of Migraine may play an important role in the pathogenesis of RLFD. The rare causes such as intracranial hypotension syndrome should not be ignored. Most of the patients with RLFD had stable or improved hearing after long-term fluctuation, but some patients with low or high frequency hearing might decline. The type of initial hearing curve was a prognostic factor. Long-term hearing follow-up is helpful for prognosis evaluation.

13.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 106-112, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787734

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to explore the clinical features, hearing prognosis and differential diagnosis of recurrent low frequency sensorineural hearing loss (RLFD) . The clinical characteristics, clinical manifestations, audiological examination and auxiliary examination of RLFD patients were retrospectively analyzed. We summarized clinical features, draw the pure tone audiometry curves, and analyze the diagnosis of RLFD. Forty-seven patients (53 ears) with RLFD had a hearing review time of 1-124 months. The course of disease ranged from 3 to 320 months with an average course of 29 months. ①The incidence of tinnitus in the accompanying symptoms was 93.6%(44 cases), and the ear suffocation was 83.0%(39 cases), 38.3% (18 cases) of the patients developed vestibular symptoms during the course of the disease. ②During the observation period, 27 cases(57.4%) were diagnosed with related diseases: 7 cases(14.9%) Meniere's disease, 6 cases(12.8%) vestibular migraine, 2 cases(4.3%) with Meniere's disease and migraine, and 1 case(2.1%) with idiopathic intracranial hypotension 11 cases(23.4%) were possible cochlear migraine; ③Migraine-related RLFD had a younger onset age, more common in women; ④83.0%(44 ears)of the affected ears had stable or improved low-frequency hearing during the observation period, 17.0%(9 ears)of the affected ears experienced low-frequency hearing; ⑤18.9%(10 ears)of the affected ears had high-frequency hearing loss; ⑥RLFD had 6 types of audiological outcomes: low-frequency improvement combined with high-frequency stability; low-frequency stability combined with high-frequency stability; low frequency progress combined with high frequency stability type; low frequency improvement combined with high frequency progress type; low frequency stability combined with high frequency progress type; low frequency progress combined with high frequency progress type; ⑦Rising type hearing curve low frequency hearing prognosis is good, mountain type and descending low frequency hearing prognosis is poor. Tinnitus and ear stuffiness are the early symptoms and the most disturbing symptoms in patients with RLFD. The mechanism of Migraine may play an important role in the pathogenesis of RLFD. The rare causes such as intracranial hypotension syndrome should not be ignored. Most of the patients with RLFD had stable or improved hearing after long-term fluctuation, but some patients with low or high frequency hearing might decline. The type of initial hearing curve was a prognostic factor. Long-term hearing follow-up is helpful for prognosis evaluation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 79-84, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787704

ABSTRACT

To understand the status of child health services by primary medical institutions in less developed areas in Sichuan province and provide evidence for the development of health policy for poverty alleviation. Annual child health records in the primary medical institutions selected through multistage stratified sampling in 21 prefectures in Sichuan were extracted during 2014-2018. Field survey and telephone interview were used to evaluate the performance of child health services provided and the child guardian's satisfaction degree. Sample descriptive statistics, pair sample -test, (2) test, trend (2) test, Pearson correlation analysis were used for statistical analysis. Except child system management rate, the other indicators reflecting the status of child health service in less developed areas in Sichuan were on rise (<0.05), and close to average level of whole province in 2018. Except child system management rate, the other indicators reflecting the status of child health management in less developed counties were lower than those in developed counties in Sichuan, most differences were significant (<0.05). Except child health management rate of traditional Chinese medicine, the other indicators reflecting the status of child health management in less developed counties were higher than those in poverty-stricken counties in Sichuan, most differences were not significant (≥0.05). Except child systematic management rate, the gap in indicators reflecting child health service status between less developed area and developed area was in reduction, some difference were significant (<0.05). The child guardian satisfaction degree was associated with true child health management rates (=0.947, =0.015), and child health management rate of traditional Chinese medicine (=0.996, <0.001). Some achievements have been made in child health services provided by primary medical institutions in less developed areas in Sichuan. To achieve the 2020 poverty alleviation goal, it is necessary to take measures to increase input and improve service level.

15.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 560-564, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827385

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of fecal severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) nucleic acid-positive in patients with coronavirus dasease 2019 (COVID-19) and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of this disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 16 patients with fecal SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid positive, who hospitalized in the North Branch of the First Hospital of Changsha (Changsha Public Health Rescue Center) from January to February 2020, were retrospectively analyzed. Their clinical manifestations, laboratory data and imaging data were summarized.@*RESULTS@#Among the 16 patients, there were 9 males (56.25%) and 7 females (43.75%), the ratio of males to females was 1∶1.29. The age of onset was (43.3±14.6) years. There were 15 patients with contact history of Wuhan, 1 patient with contact history of local patient.Twelve patients were common type (75%), and 4 patients were severe type (25%). Clinical symptoms included fever in 14 patients (87.5%), cough in 12 patients (75%), shortness of breath in 5 patients (31.25%), pharyngalgia in 10 patients (62.5%), fatigue in 7 patients (43.75%), and diarrhea in 4 patients (25%). There were 14 patients (87.5%) with normal or decreased white blood cell count, 11 patients (68.75%) with decreased lymphocyte count, 15 patients (93.75%) with increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate, 13 patients (81.25%) with increased hypersensitivity C-reactive protein, 5 patients (31.25%) with increased procalcitonin, and 8 patients (50%) with increased serum ferritin in peripheral blood, and stool routine was basically normal. Compared with the common type, there was significant difference in the white blood cell and lymphocyte counts in the severe type (0.05). Chest CT mainly showed patchy shadows and interstitial changes. According to imaging examination, 4 patients (25%) showed unilateral pneumonia and 12 patients (75%) showed bilateral pneumonia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The patients have the clinical symptoms of COVID-19, but gastrointestinal symptoms (such as diarrhea) are more common, and the changes of white blood cell count, lymphocyte count, hypersensitivity C-reactive protein, ferritin are more obvious in severe patients.The positivity of fecal nucleic acid suggests the possibility of digestive tract transmission of SARS-CoV-2, and fecal nucleic acid testing can be used as a routine testing method in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Betacoronavirus , C-Reactive Protein , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Diarrhea , Virology , Feces , Virology , Ferritins , Leukocyte Count , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies
16.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1184-1187, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864186

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features and PLGL gene variation characteristics of children with CHIME syndrome. Methods:The medical records of one patient who was diagnosed with CHIME syndrome in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University in October 2018 were analyzed.Foreign and domestic databases were searched with " CHIME syndrome or PIGL gene" as the keywords, so as to review clinical features of CHIME syndrome and PIGL gene variation characteristics. Results:(1) The boy, 1 year old and 3 months, developed seizures at the age of 7 months, when he received rehabilitation due to developmental delay.Physical examination showed that the boy had facial dysmorphisms, including high forehead, ocular hypertelorism, low and flat nasal root, broad nose tip, full lips, overfolded helices, cleft palate, developmental delay, dry skin, erythematous papular rash on the neck, and indirect inguinal hernia. Conductive deafness was revealed by the hearing test and retinal defect was found in fundus examination.Whole exome sequencing test identified PIGL(NM_004278)gene compound hybrid variation.The frameshift variation c. 26delT was present in one allele, combined with a synonymous variation c. 333C>T in the opposite allele.(2) A total of 9 CHIME syndrome patients were retrieved from the databases.No cases were reported in China.All 9 patients had craniofacial dysmorphism, epilepsy, conductive deafness, development delay and retinal defect.Eight patients had ichthyosiform skin, 6 patients had congenital heart disease and 4 patients had renal malformation.There were 6 different kinds of PIGL gene variations in patients, including 7 missense variants, 4 frameshift variants, 3 deletion variants, 2 nonsense variants, 1 splice variant, and 1 synonymous variant. All of the missense variants were c. 500T>C (p.Leu167Pro), which was the most common site. Conclusions:CHIME syndrome is mainly manifested by nervous system and dermal system abnormalities, and often involves multiple systems. PIGL gene variation is the cause of CHIME syndrome, and c. 500T>C (p.Leu167Pro) is the most common site.

17.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 303-307, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of miR-301a-3p on proliferation and apoptosis of astrocytes in rats.Methods:miR-301a-3p agomir and miR-301a-3p antagomir were synthetized and transfected into astrocytes. The cells were divided into Blank group, miR-NC group, miR-301a agomir group and antagomir group.Each group has 3 multiple pores, 2×10 5 cells per pore. CCK8 method was used to detect proliferation and growth ability of astrocytes in each group. Anncxin V-FITC/PI cytometry and Caspase-3 were used to test apoptosis of cells in each group. Results:Compared with Blank group (48 h: 0.83±0.09; 72 h: 1.20±0.21; 96 h: 1.65±0.17) and miR-NC group (48 h: 0.79±0.10; 72 h: 1.12±0.25; 96 h: 1.60±0.15), the proliferation ability of miR-301a group (48 h: 1.16±0.07; 72 h: 1.56±0.11; 96 h: 2.13±0.14) was significantly improved ( P<0.05), and the apoptosis rate of miR-301a group decreased significantly (Blank group: 10.44±1.33, miR-NC group: 9.84±1.40, miR-301a group: 4.32±0.51, P<0.05). Compared with Blank group and miR-NC group, the proliferation ability of the cells in antagomir group (48 h: 0.52±0.12; 72 h: 0.72±0.09; 96 h: 1.01±0.15) decreased significantly ( P<0.05), and the apoptotic rate was significantly increased in the antiagor group (Blank group: 10.44±1.33, miR-NC group: 9.84±1.40, antiagor group: 21.41±2.57, P<0.05). Conclusion:miRNA-301a-3p hyperexpression can promote the proliferation of astrocytes and inhibit the apoptosis pathway, thereby regulating the biological function of rat astrocytes.

18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1407-1410, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802945

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the changes and clinical significance of vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin and procalcitonin (PCT) in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of children with viral encephalitis or bacterial meningitis(BM).@*Methods@#A total of 42 cases of children with viral encephalitis(viral encephalitis group), 36 cases of children with BM(BM group), and 20 cases of children with non-nervous system injury(control group) were selected from September 2016 to June 2018 at the Third Hospital of Zhengzhou University.The serum and CSF levels of VE-cadherin and PCT levels of the 3 groups were detected by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.@*Results@#The levels of VE-cadherin in the serum of viral encephalitis group, BM group and control group at the acute phase were (5.60±1.17) mg/L, (7.08±1.01) mg/L and (2.52±0.68) mg/L respectively, and the levels of VE-cadherin in CSF of viral encephalitis group, BM group and control group were (6.00±1.09) mg/L, (6.97±1.11) mg/L and(1.93±0.88) mg/L, respectively.The levels of PCT in the serum of viral encephalitis group, BM group and control group at the acute phase were (0.26±0.11) μg/L, (0.82±0.17) μg/L and (0.27±0.13) μg/L, respectively, and the levels of PCT in the CSF of viral encephalitis group, BM group and control group were (0.25±0.11) μg/L, (0.72±0.14) μg/L, (0.28±0.17) μg/L, respectively.As a result, the levels of VE-cadherin and PCT in the serum and CSF of BM group showed significant increase, compared with viral encephalitis group and control group in the acute phase(F=124.94, 163.21, 151.62, 127.37, all P<0.01). The levels of VE-cadherin in the serum and CSF of viral encephalitis group were also significantly higher than that of control group (all P<0.01), but there was no difference between viral encephalitis group and control group about the levels of PCT in the serum and CSF (all P>0.05). The levels of VE-cadherin in the serum of viral encephalitis group and BM group after treatment were (2.34±0.81) mg/L and (2.67±1.29) mg/L, and were(2.55±0.92) mg/L and(2.39±0.74) mg/L in the CSF.The levels of PCT in the serum of viral encephalitis group and BM group after treatment were (0.25±0.11) μg/L, (0.30±0.17) μg/L, and the levels of PCT in the CSF of viral encephalitis group and BM group were(0.22±0.10) μg/L and (0.27±0.12) μg/L.After effective treatment, the levels of VE-cadherin, PCT in serum and CSF of BM group and viral encephalitis group were almost equal, and the difference was not statistically significant(F=1.83, 0.76, 2.72, 3.89, all P>0.05). In the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the area under the ROC curve of VE-cadherin in serum and CSF was 0.896 and 0.912, and was 0.670 and 0.668 of PCT respectively.@*Conclusions@#VE-cadherin may be involved in the early stage of intracranial infection, and it may be helpful in differentiation of virus or bacterial infection with PCT.VE-cadherin has a good diagnostic value for intracranial infection.

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1590-1594, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800277

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the vaccine loss related to the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region so as to improve the management of vaccines.@*Methods@#A total of 135 vaccination clinics were randomly selected, using a stratified cluster sampling method. In each clinic, data on vaccination was collected between 2016 and 2017, including the number of doses in routine immunization program and supplementary immunization activities (i.e., vaccine doses in vials that were opened for use) on polio vaccine, number of doses administered to children and the number of doses discarded (e.g., expired vaccine or broken vials that had not been opened for use), etc. Coefficient on vaccine loss was calculated with the following equation: vaccine loss coefficient=(number of vaccine doses used)/(number of vaccine doses administered). The vaccine discard rate appeared as: number of vaccine doses discarded)/number of vaccine doses used.@*Results@#For vaccines in single-dose vials [diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine (DTaP) and trivalent oral polio virus vaccine (tOPV)], the loss coefficients appeared as 1.00 and 1.02, respectively. For vaccines in multi-dose vials [bivalent oral polio vaccine (bOPV), group A meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine (MPV-A), diphtheria-tetanus combined vaccine (DT) and bacilli Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine], the loss coefficients were 1.58, 1.67, 1.68, and 3.02, respectively. The coefficients of EPI vaccine loss in urban, rural, and pastoral area vaccination clinics ranged between 1.00-2.84, 1.00-3.71, and 1.00-2.27, respectively. Loss coefficients ranged between 1.00-3.00, 1.00- 4.41, and 1.00-1.94, respectively, were seen in township clinics, village clinics, and decentralized vaccination clinics. Coefficients on larger vaccine loss were associated with longer intervals between clinic sessions and with fewer vaccinations administrations per day.@*Conclusions@#In Xinjiang, coefficients on the loss of multi-dose EPI vaccines were high. The coefficients on loss were different from the levels of region and types of clinics, and time interval between clinic sessions. Programs on refining the management and distribution of EPI vaccines, to minimize the vaccine loss were recommended.

20.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 749-752, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796573

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the changes and clinical significance of Caveolin-1, matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9) and interleukin-1β(IL-1β)in cerebrospinal fluid of children with bacterial meningitis or viral encephalitis.@*Methods@#Thirty-six cases of children with bacterial meningitis, 42 cases of children with viral encephalitis, and 20 cases of children with non-nervous system infection were selected from September 2016 to June 2018 at the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University.The levels of Caveolin-1, MMP-9 and IL-1β in cerebrospinal fluid were detected by using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA).@*Results@#Cerebrospinal fluid Caveolin-1, MMP-9 , IL-1β levels in the acute phase of bacterial meningitis were(49.06±8.96) ng/L, (134.79±18.88) μg/L, (100.02±14.67) μg/L, respectively, and (29.13±7.25) ng/L, (18.69±7.23) μg/L, (47.57±8.95) μg/L in recovery phase, which were higher than those of the controls[(11.18±2.24) ng/L, (11.53±3.54) μg/L, (39.75±7.08) μg/L)], and the differences were significant (all P<0.05). Cerebrospinal fluid Caveolin-1, MMP-9, IL-1β levels in the acute phase of viral encephalitis were (42.71±10.48) ng/L, (62.78±17.39) μg/L, (57.97±11.28) μg/L, respectively, and (29.13±7.25) ng/L, (18.69±7.23) μg/L, (47.57±8.95) μg/L in recovery phase, which were higher than those of controls, and the differences were significant (all P<0.05). The levels of Caveolin-1, MMP-9 and IL-1β in cerebrospinal fluid of bacterial meningitis group and viral encephalitis group were significantly higher than those of convalescent group (all P<0.05). The levels of Caveolin-1, MMP-9, IL-1β in cerebrospinal fluid of bacterial meningitis group were significantly higher than those in viral encephalitis group (all P<0.05) in the acute phase, and no significant difference was found in the recovery phase(all P>0.05). Cerebrospinal fluid Caveolin-1, MMP-9, IL-1β showed no significant difference among children with different severity of intracranial infection.Correlation analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between Caveolin-1, MMP-9 and IL-1 β levels in cerebrospinal fluid of acute in bacterial meningitis group and viral encephalitis group(Caveolin-1 and MMP-9: R2=0.239, P<0.05; MMP-9 and IL-1β: R2=0.766, P<0.01; Caveolin-1 and IL-1β: R2=0.245, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Caveolin-1, MMP-9 and IL-1 β involved in the pathogenesis of intracranial infection in children, and the effects of different pathogens on intracranial infection were different.

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