Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 379
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 36-42, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013246

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognostic value of 3 diagnostic criteria of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants with gestational age<32 weeks. Methods: The retrospective cohort study was conducted to collect the clinical data of 285 preterm infants with BPD admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from January 2019 to September 2021, who were followed up regularly after discharge. The primary composite adverse outcome was defined as death or severe respiratory morbidity from 36 weeks of corrected gestational age to 18 months of corrected age, and the secondary composite adverse outcome was defined as death or neurodevelopmental impairment. According to the primary or secondary composite adverse outcomes, the preterm infants were divided into the adverse prognosis group and the non-adverse prognosis group. The 2001 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) criteria, 2018 NICHD criteria, and 2019 Neonatal Research Network (NRN) criteria were used to diagnose and grade BPD in preterm infants. Chi-square test, Logistic regression analysis, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and Delong test were used to analyze the prognostic value of the 3 diagnostic criteria. Results: The 285 preterm infants had a gestational age of 29.4 (28.1, 30.6) weeks and birth weight of 1 230 (1 000, 1 465) g, including 167 males (58.6%). Among 285 premature infants who completed follow-up, the primary composite adverse outcome occurred in 124 preterm infants (43.5%), and the secondary composite adverse outcome occurred in 40 preterm infants (14.0%). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that severe BPD according to the 2001 NICHD criteria, gradeⅡand Ⅲ BPD according to the 2018 NICHD criteria and grade 2 and 3 BPD according to the 2019 NRN criteria were all risk factors for primary composite adverse outcomes (all P<0.05). ROC curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the 2018 NICHD criteria and 2019 NRN criteria were both higher than that of the 2001 NICHD criteria (0.70 and 0.70 vs. 0.61, Z=4.49 and 3.35, both P<0.001), but there was no significant difference between the 2018 NICHD and 2019 NRN criteria (Z=0.38, P=0.702). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the secondary composite adverse outcomes were all associated with grade Ⅲ BPD according to the 2018 NICHD criteria and grade 3 BPD according to the 2019 NRN criteria (both P<0.05). ROC curve showed that the AUC of the 2018 NICHD criteria and 2019 NRN criteria were both higher than that of the 2001 NICHD criteria (0.71 and 0.71 vs. 0.58, Z=2.93 and 3.67, both P<0.001), but there was no statistically significant difference between the 2018 NICHD and 2019 NRN criteria (Z=0.02, P=0.984). Conclusion: The 2018 NICHD and 2019 NRN criteria demonstrate good and comparable predictive value for the primary and secondary composite adverse outcomes in preterm infants with BPD, surpassing the predictive efficacy of the 2001 NICHD criteria.


Subject(s)
Infant , Male , Child , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Infant, Premature , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/complications , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Gestational Age
2.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 167-171, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005366

ABSTRACT

Recommendations for Chinese patent medicine (CPM) based on key information on rational drug use are one of the important conditions for enhancing guideline enforceability as well as facilitating guideline implementation. In this study, we discussed in detail of the key information on the rational use of CPM in five aspects, which are dosage, drug discontinuation, drug-drug and drug-food interactions, safety and economy. Following the process of multi-source search, synthesis and prioritization, it is suggested to collect key information on the rational use of CPM from a multi-source search of drug instructions, policy documents, literature, and clinical experts' experiences. Then the searched information should be summarized and prioritized with the principle that taking drug instructions as the basis and other-sources information for check and supplementation. Finally, methodological recommendations for the retrieval and synthesis of key information on rational drug use in guideline recommendations has been formed.

3.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 50-54, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005110

ABSTRACT

This paper summarized the key points and methods in terms of the establishment of the guideline working group and the management of conflict of interests, trying to provide reference for the development of clinical practice guidelines for Chinese patent medicine (CPM). The establishment of the working group is the first important step for developing CPM guidelines. Considering the characteristics of the clinical practice guidelines for CPM, this study suggests that the three key elements of ‘multidisciplinarity’, ‘clinical relevance’ and ‘geographical representativeness’ should be put focus on when forming the working group. The guideline advisory committee, clinical expert group, evidence systematic evaluation group, secretary group and the external review group should be established. All group members should clarify the conflict of interest, and the process and management method of the conflict of interest should be clearly reported.

4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1086-1091, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985637

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the influential factors of loneliness in the elderly aged ≥60 years in China. Methods: Data used in this study were obtained from participants aged ≥60 years from the China Longitudinal Aging Social Survey, with a sample size of 7 593. Loneliness was measured with loneliness scale, and the influence of subjective and objective factors on loneliness and their interaction were analyzed with stepwise linear regression model and simple slope test. SPSS 25.0 was used for statistical analysis. PROCESS 3.3 macro program was used for simple slope test. Results: A total of 8 926 participants were included. Among the objective factors, the elderly with poor family network have a higher level of loneliness (P<0.05), and community provision of elderly care services could reduce the loneliness of the elderly (P<0.05). Elderly people with subjective aging age ≤60 years old and poor social adaptation and emotional perception have higher levels of loneliness (all P<0.05). Subjective aging age plays a negative regulatory role in the impact of community elderly care services on loneliness (P<0.05), Social adaptation and emotional perception play a negative regulatory role in the impact of family network on loneliness (P<0.05). Conclusions: Elderly people aged ≥60 years of feeling of loneliness was affected by both subjective and objective factors and subjective factors play an important regulatory role in the influence of objective factors on elderly people's feeling of loneliness in China. Therefore, while creating a good aging environment to provide strong external support for the elderly, the subjective initiative of the elderly should also be fully mobilized, to alleviate the loneliness of the elderly from these two aspects.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5881-5887, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008786

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the effect and mechanism of Danggui Buxue Decoction(DBD)-containing serum in alleviating the H9c2 cell injury caused by the exposure to intermittent low oxygen. H9c2 cells were assigned into five groups: control(CON) group, intermittent low oxygen(IH) group, intermittent low oxygen plus DBD-containing serum(IH+DBD) group, intermittent low oxygen plus the autophagy enhancer rapamycin(IH+RAPA) group, and intermittent low oxygen plus DBD-containing serum and the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine(IH+DBD+3-MA) group. Monodansylcadaverine(MDC) staining was employed to detect the changes of autophagosomes. Cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay was employed to determine the activity of myocardial cells, and lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) and creatine kinase(CK) kits were used to measure the LDH and CK levels in the cell culture, which would reflect the degree of cell damage. TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling(TUNEL) staining was used to detect the apoptosis of myocardial cells, and JC-1 fluorescence probe to detect the changes in mitochondrial membrane potential. Western blot was employed to determine the expression levels of the autophagy-related proteins microtubule-associated proteins light chain 3Ⅱ(LC3Ⅱ), microtubule-associated proteins light chain 3Ⅰ(LC3Ⅰ), P62, Parkin and apoptosis related proteins pro caspase-3, caspase-3, B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X(Bax). The results showed that compared with the CON group, the IH group showed decreased fluorescence intensity of MDC staining, decreased LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ ratio, down-regulated Parkin expression, and up-regulated expression of P62. In addition, the IH group showed decreased cell survival rate, increased content of LDH and CK in the culture medium, increased number of TUNEL positive cells, and decreased pro caspase-3/caspase-3 and Bcl-2/Bax ratios and mitochondrial membrane potential. Compared with the IH group, the IH+DBD and IH+RAPA groups showed increased fluorescence intensity of MDC staining, increased LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ ratio, up-regulated Parkin expression, and down-regulated P62 expression. In addition, the two groups showed increased cell survival rate, reduced content of LDH and CK in the culture medium, decreased number of TUNEL positive cells, and increased pro caspase-3/caspase-3 and Bcl-2/Bax ratios and mitochondrial membrane potential. The IH+DBD+3-MA and IH groups showed no significant differences in the above indicators. Compared with the IH+DBD group, the IH+DBD+3-MA group showed decreased fluorescence intensity of MDC staining, decreased LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ ratio, down-regulated Parkin expression, and up-regulated P62 expression. In addition, the group had decreased cell survival rate, increased content of LDH and CK in the culture medium, increased number of TUNEL positive cells, decreased pro caspase-3/caspase-3 and Bcl-2/Bax ratios, and declined mitochon-drial membrane potential. To sum up, DBD could promote the mitophagy, inhibit the apoptosis, and alleviated the injury of H9c2 cells exposed to low oxygen.


Subject(s)
Oxygen , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism , Caspase 3/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Microtubule-Associated Proteins
6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2031-2034, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998485

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the relationship between rs128912 single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP)in the promoter region of Toll-like receptor 3(TLR3)gene and cataract in Chinese Han population.METHODS: A total of 263 patients with cataract admitted to our hospital from June 2019 to June 2021 were selected as study group, and 150 patients with lens dislocation were included in control group. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of TLR3 protein in the anterior capsular tissues of lens in the two groups, and direct sequencing method was applied to analyze the polymorphism of rs128912 locus in the promoter region of TLR3 gene. The expression of peripheral blood TLR3 mRNA of patients with different genotypes was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR).RESULTS: The expression level of TLR3 protein in the anterior capsular tissues in the study group was higher than that in the control group(P&#x003C;0.05). The frequencies of genotypes(AA, AT, TT)at rs128912 locus in the TLR3 gene promoter region in the study group and the control group were in accordance with Hardy-Weinberg genetic equilibrium, and there were differences in the frequencies of genotypes(AA, AT, TT)and frequencies of alleles(A, T)at rs128912 locus in the TLR3 gene promoter region between both groups(P&#x003C;0.05). The relative expression level of peripheral blood TLR3 mRNA in patients with TT genotype in the study group was higher than that in patients with AA or AT genotypes(P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: The expression of TLR3 protein in anterior capsular tissues of lens of patients with cataract is significantly up-regulated, and rs128912 locus polymorphism in the TLR3 gene promoter region is related to the susceptibility of cataract in Chinese Han population, and people with TT genotype are more prone to cataract.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 485-490, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995006

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics and risk factors of sarcopenia in elderly patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3-4.Methods:It was a single-center, retrospective observational study. CKD stage 3-4 patients aged ≥60 years old from March 2019 to March 2022 in the Geriatrics Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were enrolled in the study. General data of the patients were collected, and laboratory indicators, muscle strength, physical function and appendicular muscle mass index (ASMI) were measured. According to the diagnostic criteria of sarcopenia, the patients were divided into no sarcopenia CKD group and sarcopenia CKD group. Baseline data between these two groups were compared. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the related factors of sarcopenia in elderly CKD stage 3-4 patients.Results:A total of 162 CKD stage 3-4 patients were enrolled in this study, with 89 males (54.9%) and a median age of 75 (69, 82) years. Sarcopenia was diagnosed in 40 cases, and the prevalence was 24.7% (95% CI 18.1%-31.3%). Compared with no sarcopenia CKD group, age, proportion of dementia, cystatin C, urea nitrogen, C-reactive protein (CRP) and ratio of urine protein to creatinine were higher (all P<0.05), while body mass index (BMI), hemoglobin, carbon dioxide combining power, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), serum albumin and the proportion of regular exercise and using α-ketones were lower in sarcopenia CKD group (all P<0.05). Meanwhile, grip strength, walking speed, short physical performance battery score and ASMI were lower in sarcopenia CKD group (all P<0.05). Multivariable logistic regression analysis results showed that low eGFR ( OR=0.824, 95% CI 0.687-0.987, P=0.036), low BMI ( OR=0.463, 95% CI 0.304-0.704, P<0.001), low serum albumin ( OR=0.459, 95% CI 0.263-0.802, P=0.006) and high CRP ( OR=2.754, 95% CI 1.708-4.439, P<0.001) were the independent related factors of sarcopenia in elderly CKD patients. Conclusions:The prevalence of sarcopenia in elderly CKD stage 3-4 patients is high. Low eGFR, low BMI, low serum albumin and high CRP are the independent risk factors for sarcopenia in elderly CKD stage 3-4 patients.

8.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 46-51, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990478

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the etiology and prognostic factors of necrotizing enterocolitis(NEC) in infants after neonatal period with hematochezia.Methods:The clinical data of 62 infants older than 28 days with NEC and hematochezia diagnosed at Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2016 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, summarizing the etiology of NEC in this age group and analyze the factors affecting the prognosis of NEC.According to IgE detection results of food allergens, the infants were divided into milk protein positive group and milk protein negative group.According to the absolute value level of peripheral blood eosinophils, they were divided into increased eosinophils group(≥0.5×10 9/L) and normal eosinophils group(<0.5×10 9/L). They were divided into three groups according to co-infection: NEC group(no co-infection), NEC+ clostridium difficile associated diarrhea(CDAD) group, and NEC+ other infection group(salmonella infection or sepsis). According to different feeding methods, they were divided into normal amino acid group(osmotic pressure 310 mOsm/L), diluted amino acid group(osmotic pressure 233 mOsm/L), and deep hydrolysis group(osmotic pressure 185 mOsm/L). The relief time of clinical symptoms, the recovery time of intestinal gas accumulation, feeding time to achieve physiological requirements, and the length of hospital stay in each group were compared. Results:Among 62 cases, there were 27 males and 35 females.The median age of onset was 1.4(1.2, 2.3) months.The median birth weight was 3.2(2.9, 3.4)kg.Full-term infants accounted for 87.1%.Cesarean accounted for 62.9%.Fifty-three patients(85.5%)had allergic symptoms.Thirteen patients(21.0%)had family history of allergy.Cow milk protein allergy was diagnosed in 29 cases.Thirty-two cases(51.6%) had elevated peripheral blood eosinophils.The hospitalization time of milk protein positive group was longer than that of negative group( P=0.047). The clinical remission rate after hypoallergenic formula feeding for 1 day of increased eosinophils group was higher than that of normal eosinophil group(100.0% vs.65.0%, P=0.002). Ten patients(16.1%)were complicated with clostridium difficile infection, two patients(3.2%) with salmonella enteritis, and four patients(6.5%) with sepsis.Both the hospital stay and feeding time to achieve physiological requirements of NEC+ other infection group were longer than the other two groups( P<0.05). NEC+ CDAD group had a higher rate of repeated hospitalizations(40.0%, P=0.004). The mean recovery time of intestinal gas accumulation was(4.5±2.9)days.After(3.9±3.0)days, hypoallergenic formula feeding started.After one day of feeding, the clinical remission rate was 79.0%.The average time to achieve physiological requirements was(5.8±3.2)days.The clinical symptom relief time of diluted amino acid group was shorter( P=0.006), but there was no statistical difference in feeding time to achieve physiological requirements and hospitalization time between each group( P>0.05). Conclusion:Cow′s milk protein allergy and infection(especially CDAD)are closely related to the occurrence and development of NEC after neonatal period with hematochezia.The administration of diluted amino acid-based formulae close to the osmotic pressure of breast milk and targeted anti-infective therapy could shorten the clinical remission time of NEC and reduce the risk of repeated hospitalization.

9.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1628-1635, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990383

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influencing factors of delayed nausea and vomiting in patients with primary liver cancer after transarterial chemoembolization based on Logistic regression model and decision tree model.Methods:This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 236 patients with primary liver cancer after transarterial chemoembolization in The Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from March 2021 to June 2022 were conveniently selected as the research subjects. The factors related to delayed nausea and vomiting were collected, and Logistic regression and decision tree models were established, respectively, and the differences between the two models were compared.Results:The incidence of delayed nausea and vomiting of patients with primary liver cancer after transarterial chemoembolization was 45.34% (107/236). Logistic regression model showed that age, anxiety, sleep disorder, emetic risk level of chemotherapeutic drugs, embolic agent type, and pain 24 hours after surgery were the influencing factors of delayed nausea and vomiting in patients with primary liver cancer after transarterial chemoembolization(all P<0.05). Decision tree model showed that age, sleep disorder, emetic risk level of chemotherapeutic drugs, embolic agent type, and pain 24 hours after surgery were the influencing factors of delayed nausea and vomiting in patients with primary liver cancer after transarterial chemoembolization (all P<0.05). The classification accuracy rates of Logistic regression, decision tree model and combined diagnosis of two models were 72.9%, 71.2% and 72.0% respectively; the areas under the ROC curve were 0.778, 0.781 and 0.806 respectively, with no significant difference (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The analysis results of Logistic regression and decision tree model on the influencing factors of delayed nausea and vomiting in patients with primary liver cancer after transarterial chemoembolization are highly consistent, which can be combined to provide a more comprehensive reference for the evaluation and intervention of medical staff.

10.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 410-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989105

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the multidisciplinary management that centred on gastroenterology department, and follow-up study of children with Alagille syndrome(ALGS).Methods:The clinical data of 19 children diagnosed with ALGS in Pediatric Gastroenterology Department, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University since June 2013 to December 2022 was retrospectively analyzed, and the clinical manifestations of various systems of the body were followed up and evaluated, and then developed the personalised management strategies.Results:Among the 19 confirmed patients, 18 cases were confirmed by genetic testing.Eighteen cases(94.7%) had characteristic facial features.To follow-up node, 8 cases(42.1%) had cholestasis, with alanine aminotransferase(210.20±110.50)U/L, aspartate aminotransferase(187.86±96.70)U/L, and direct bilirubin(110.93±108.15)μmol/L.Eighteen cases(94.7%) had pruritus.Eighteen cases(94.7%) of the patients had a high risk of malnutrition, and the level of total bilirubin[(76.17±107.34)μmol/L] and total bile acid[(100.18±83.78)μmol/L] were significantly increased in the children with obvious growth retardation.Thirteen cases(68.42%) had diffuse liver injury.The clinical opinions on genetic counseling, application of new drugs, liver transplantation, cardiac medicine and surgery follow-up, spine and oral surgery orthodontics were given by multiple disciplines.Conclusion:ALGS children have a high risk of long-term malnutrition and are associated with the severity of liver injury, and pruritus and jaundice are the main clinical manifestations.The management of ALGS patients should be centered around liver disease doctors, combined with multiple disciplines, paying attention to changes in various related organs of ALGS patients, and improving their quality of life.

11.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 503-511, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013825

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of phillygenin ( PHI) on lipopolysacchride ( LPS) and normal human plasma ( NHP) induced inflammatory injury on alveolar type II epithelial A549 cells and the related mechanism. Methods A549 cells were exposured to 1 mg • L

12.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 794-799, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013814

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the alternative study on rat blood pressure method and HPLC method for vasopressin impurity test of oxytocin injection from biological extraction. Methods The HPLC method for the vasopressin impurity test in vitro was established and validated. The bio-extrac tion oxytocin injection samples and simulated samples were examined for vasopressin impurity by HPLC and rat blood pressure methods respectively. Results Vasopressin and adjacent impurity peaks were successfully separated by the established method. In the range of 210~13 330 IU•L -1the concentration of vasopressin had a good linear relationship with its peak area with r=0.999 9. The results of HPLC method were consistent with the biological examination method-rat blood pressure method in the current standard. Conclusions The method is proved to be specific, sensitive, and accurate, which can be used as a test method for vasopressin impurity to replace the rat blood pressure method in the current standard.

13.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2385-2389, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013659

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of Liuwei Dihuang decoction ( LWDHD) on the expression of β-catenin, E-cadherin,α-SMA, the pathological changes of renal tissue, and the changes of an epithelial-mesen-chymal transformation ( EMT) in renal tissue of rats with unilateral ureteral obstruction ( UUO ) . Methods Forty-eight SPF grade SD rats were randomly divided into sham group ( Sham), model group ( UUO), Liuwei Dihuang decoction low, medium, and high groups ( LWDHD 3. 375, 6. 75, 13. 5 g · kg

14.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 180-183, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973703

ABSTRACT

Information technology has become an important driver to facilitate higher education developments in the context of new medical sciences. A new “virtual-real combination” experimental teaching model was designed and created through integrating information technology with experimental teaching by Experimental Teaching Center of Basic Medical Sciences and Department of Pathogen Biology, Nanjing Medical University and was applied in Human Parasitology teaching, which achieved satisfactory teaching effectiveness. This new model showed effective to deepen the understanding of the basic human parasitology knowledge, improve the operative skills, and cultivate the moral literacy and comprehensive capability among medical students. This report presents the teaching protocols and implementation, teaching effectiveness and evaluation, and experiences of comprehensive schistosome experiments.

15.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 258-267, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971319

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify topics attracting growing research attention as well as frontier trends of acupuncture-neuroimaging research over the past two decades.@*METHODS@#This paper reviewed data in the published literature on acupuncture neuroimaging from 2000 to 2020, which was retrieved from the Web of Science database. CiteSpace was used to analyze the publication years, countries, institutions, authors, keywords, co-citation of authors, journals, and references.@*RESULTS@#A total of 981 publications were included in the final review. The number of publications has increased in the recent 20 years accompanied by some fluctuations. Notably, the most productive country was China, while Harvard University ranked first among institutions in this field. The most productive author was Tian J with the highest number of articles (50), whereas the most co-cited author was Hui KKS (325). Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (92) was the most prolific journal, while Neuroimage was the most co-cited journal (538). An article written by Hui KKS (2005) exhibited the highest co-citation number (112). The keywords "acupuncture" (475) and "electroacupuncture" (0.10) had the highest frequency and centrality, respectively. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) ranked first with the highest citation burst (6.76).@*CONCLUSION@#The most active research topics in the field of acupuncture-neuroimaging over the past two decades included research type, acupoint specificity, neuroimaging methods, brain regions, acupuncture modality, acupoint specificity, diseases and symptoms treated, and research type. Whilst research frontier topics were "nerve regeneration", "functional connectivity", "neural regeneration", "brain network", "fMRI" and "manual acupuncture".


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Bibliometrics , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuroimaging
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1008-1013, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007434

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of Tiaoshen (regulating the spirit) acupuncture on cognitive function and sleep quality in patients with primary insomnia (PI).@*METHODS@#Sixty patients with PI were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off, 1 case was excluded). The patients in the observation group were treated with acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Shenting (GV 24), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), and bilateral Benshen (GB 13), Shenmen (HT 7), Neiguan (PC 6), Sanyinjiao (SP 6). The patients in the control group were treated with shallow needling at non-effective points. Each treatment was provided for 30 min, once every other day, 3 treatments per week for 4 weeks. The Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA), digit span test (DST), trail making test (TMT)-A, Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), and fatigue scale-14 (FS-14) were used to assess cognitive function and sleep quality before and after treatment, as well as in follow-up of 4-week after treatment completion. Correlation analysis was conducted between the differences in PSQI scores and differences in MoCA scores before and after treatment in the observation group.@*RESULTS@#Compared with before treatment, the total score, visuospatial and executive function score and delayed memory score of MoCA as well as DST backward score were increased (P<0.01), while TMT-A time, PSQI and FS-14 scores were significantly reduced (P<0.01) after treatment and in follow-up in the observation group. Compared with before treatment, the PSQI score in the control group was reduced (P<0.01, P<0.05). After treatment and in follow-up, the observation group had significantly higher total score, visuospatial and executive function score, delayed memory score of MoCA, and DST backward score compared to the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). In the observation group, the TMT-A time was significantly shorter than that in the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the PSQI and FS-14 scores were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). In the observation group, there was a negative correlation between the difference in PSQI scores (post-treatment minus pre-treatment) and the difference in MoCA scores (post-treatment minus pre-treatment) (r=-0.481, P<0.01). A similar negative correlation was found between the difference in PSQI scores (follow-up minus pre-treatment) and the difference in MoCA scores (follow-up minus pre-treatment) (r=-0.282, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Tiaoshen acupuncture could improve cognitive function, enhance sleep quality, and alleviate daytime fatigue in patients with PI. The improvement in cognitive function in patients with PI is correlated with the improvement in sleep quality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pilot Projects , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Cognition , Fatigue
17.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 165-169, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969820

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical pathology features, and immune microenvironment of HER-2 intratumoral heterogeneity breast cancer. Methods: Thirty cases of HER-2 intratumoral heterogeneous breast cancer were retrospectively analyzed in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital from November 2017 to June 2020. HER-2 expression was detected by immunohistochemistry and verified by dual color silver-enhanced in-situ hybridization (D-SISH). HER-2 intratumoral positive and negative regions were divided. The pathological characteristics, subtype, and the level of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and the expression of programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) were evaluated respectively. Results: The proportion of HER-2 positive cells of the breast cancer ranged from 10% to 90%. The pathological type was mainly invasive non-special typecarcinoma. Six cases presented different pathological types between HER-2 positive and negative regions. The HER-2-positive areas included 2 cases of carcinoma with apocrine differentiation, and the negative areas included 2 cases of invasive micropapillary carcinoma, 1 case of invasive papillary carcinoma, and 1 case of carcinoma with apocrine differentiation. In HER-2 positive regions, 17 cases were Luminal B and 13 cases were HER-2 overexpressed types. There were 22 cases of Luminal B and 8 cases of triple negative tumors in the HER-2 negative areas. The levels of TILs in HER-2 positive and negative areas accounted for 53.3% (16/30) and 26.7% (8/30), respectively, with a statistically significant difference (P=0.035). The positive expression of PD-L1 in HER-2 positive area and HER-2 negative area were 6 cases and 9 cases, respectively. Among 8 cases with HER-2 negative regions containing triple negative components, 4 cases were positive for PD-L1 expression. Conclusions: In the case of HER-2 intratumoral heterogeneity, it is necessary to pay attention to both HER-2 positive and negative regions, and evaluate subtype separately as far as possible. For HER-2 intratumoral heterogeneous breast cancer containing triple negative components, the treatment mode can be optimized by refining the intratumoral expression of PD-L1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating/pathology , Carcinoma , Tumor Microenvironment , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism
18.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 362-367, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969643

ABSTRACT

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect and one of the major causes of neonatal death, with an average prevalence of 9.4‰ worldwide. We reviewed recent epidemiological studies and found that exposure to air pollutants is associated with increased CHD risks, but the associations are inconsistent between exposure to air pollutants and different subtypes of CHD due to developmental and etiological heterogeneity among different subtypes of CHD. It has been reported that air pollutants are associated with increased risks of ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, pulmonary stenosis, tetralogy of Fallot, and transposition of the great arteries. However, associations between maternal exposure to air pollutants and atrial septal defect (ASD) are contradictory, with significantly positive associations of inhalable particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide exposure, negative associations of fine particulate matter and carbon monoxide, and mixed associations of sulfur dioxide. Adverse effects of air pollutant on cardiac development cover a wide time window beyond 3-8 weeks during gestation; particulate matter and nitrogen oxide are more likely to affect fetal heart in early pregnancy, while the association strength of carbon monoxide shows a trough in early pregnancy, and sulfur dioxide and ozone affect cardiac health throughout pregnancy. In addition, we discussed the limitations of previous studies on the associations between maternal air pollutant exposure and CHD, and highlighted the application of precise assessment on exposure to air pollutants, the performance of prospective cohort studies and longitudinal studies, and the necessity of studies on CHD subtypes, in order to provide scientific evidence to control exposure to environmental pollutants and CHD occurrence.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 462-465, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964249

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the accuracy of SRK/T, Haigis, Barrett Universal II and Wang-Koch modified SRK/T formula in the operation of cataract complicated by super-high myopia.METHODS: A total of 44 cases(52 eyes)with super-high myopia complicated with cataract who underwent phacoemulsification with tension ring implantation combined with intraocular lens implantation in our hospital from January 2020 to June 2021 were collected. SRK/T, Haigis, Barrett Universal Ⅱ formula and Wang-Koch modified SRK/T formula were used to calculate the postoperative reserved diopter before surgery, and the actual diopter was measured by comprehensive optometry at 3mo after surgery. The mean absolute refractive error(MAE)of four formulas was obtained to evaluate the accuracy of the calculation formula.RESULTS: The MAE of SRK/T formula, Haigis formula, Barrett Universal Ⅱ formula and Wang-Koch modified SRK/T formula were 0.86(0.56, 1.20), 0.79(0.56, 1.16), 0.68(0.30, 0.87), 0.65(0.43, 0.75)D, respectively, and MAE of SRK/T formula and Haigis formula were significantly higher than those of Barrett Universal Ⅱ formula and Wang-Koch modified SRK/T formula(P<0.01). According to preoperative corneal curvature(K), enrolled patients were divided into K >46D group(12 eyes), 44D< K ≤46D group(24 eyes), and K ≤44D group(16 eyes). The MAE of SRK/T formula and Haigis formula were significantly higher than those of Barrett Universal Ⅱ formula and Wang-Koch modified SRK/T formula in the three groups(P<0.01). According to preoperative axial length(AL), patients were divided into AL ≤30 mm group(24 eyes)and AL >30mm group(28 eyes). The MAE of SRK/T formula and Haigis formula in two groups were significantly higher than those of Barrett Universal Ⅱ formula and Wang-Koch modified SRK/T formula(P<0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Wang-Koch modified SRK/T formula and Barrett Universal Ⅱ formula are more accurate in predicting the degree of intraocular lens in patients with super-high myopia complicated with cataract.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 26-33, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979448

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the regulatory effects of Xuanfu Daizhetang on a mouse model of allergic asthma induced by ovalbumin (OVA). MethodSixty female BALB/c mice (6-8 weeks old, SPF) were randomly divided into groups. Ten mice were assigned to the normal group and given 0.2 mL of saline, while the remaining groups received intraperitoneal injections of Al(OH)3 at 5 g·L-1 and OVA at 1 g·L-1. The mice were divided into normal group (10 mL·kg-1 saline), OVA model group (10 mL·kg-1 saline), dexamethasone group (OVA+DEX, 1 mg·kg-1), OVA+ low-dose Xuanfu Daizhetang group (OVA+XL, 7.065 g·kg-1), OVA+ medium-dose Xuanfu Daizhetang group (OVA+XM, 14.13 g·kg-1), and OVA+ high-dose Xuanfu Daizhetang group (OVA+XH, 28.26 g·kg-1). An OVA-induced asthma model was established in mice. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining methods were used to observe bronchial tissue pathological changes. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed to measure the levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE), interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-5, IL-13, IL-17A, and γ interferon (IFN-γ) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Western blot was used to detect the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) proteins in lung tissue. ResultCompared with the normal group, the OVA model group showed increased inflammatory cell infiltration in mouse alveoli, elevated levels of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, IL-17A, IFN-γ in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and IgE in serum (P<0.05, P<0.01), and promoted phosphorylation of MAPK signaling pathway-related proteins. Compared with the model group, the OVA+XL, OVA+XM, and OVA+XH groups showed reduced inflammatory cell infiltration in mouse alveoli, decreased levels of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, IL-17A, IFN-γ in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and IgE in serum (P<0.05, P<0.01), and inhibited phosphorylation of MAPK signaling pathway-related proteins. ConclusionThe results of this study suggest that Xuanfu Daizhetang has potential anti-allergic asthma activity, providing a theoretical basis for its future clinical application.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL