Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 461
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928686

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy, survival, and prognosis of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) with new drug chemotherapy in the treatment of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) in the new drug era.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 149 patients with NDMM treated with new drug induction regimen in Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2012 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-four patients who received ASCT were in ASCT group, and 125 patients who did not receive ASCT were in non-ASCT group. The median follow-up time was 43 (1-90) months. The propensity score matching (PSM) method was used to balance confounding factors, then depth of response, overall survival (OS), and progression-free survival (PFS) between the two groups were compared and subgroup analysis was performed.@*RESULTS@#After matching, the covariates were balanced between the two groups. Fifty-one patients (15 cases in ASCT group and 36 cases in non-ASCT group) were included. ASCT patients had a better complete response (CR) rate than non-ASCT patients receiving maintenance therapy (93.3% vs 42.3%, P=0.004), while there were no statistical differences in deep response rate and overall response rate (ORR) between the two groups (93.3% vs 65.4%, P=0.103; 93.3% vs 96.2%, P=1.000). Before matching, the 3 and 5-year PFS rate and median PFS (mPFS) in ASCT group and non-ASCT group were [89.6% vs 66.5%, P=0.024; 69.8% vs 42.7%; non-response (NR) vs 51.0 months], and the 3 and 5-year OS rate and median OS (mOS) were (100% vs 70.6%, P=0.002; 92.3% vs 49.6%; NR vs 54.0 months). After matching, the 3 and 5-year PFS rate and mPFS in ASCT group and non-ASCT group were (83.6% vs 61.7%, P=0.182; 62.7% vs 45.7%; NR vs 51.0 months), the 3 and 5-year OS rate and mOS were (100% vs 65.6%, P=0.018; 88.9% vs 46.9%; NR vs 51.0 months). Subgroup analysis showed that patients with mSMART 3.0 high risk stratification, the 3-year PFS rate and mPFS in ASCT group and non-ASCT group were (83.3% vs 41.5%, P=0.091; NR vs 34.0 months), and the 3-year OS rate and mOS were (100% vs 41.5%, P=0.034; NR vs 34.0 months). Patients with mSMART 3.0 standard risk stratification, the 3-year PFS rate and OS rate in ASCT group and non-ASCT group were (83.3% vs 76.8%, P=0.672; 100% vs 87.2%, P=0.155). The 3-year PFS and OS rate in MM patients who achieved deep response within 3 months after transplantation compared with non-ASCT patients who achieved deep response after receiving maintenance therapy were (83.1% vs 56.7%, P=0.323; 100% vs 60.5%, P=0.042), and the 3-year PFS and OS rate in patients who achieved overall response in both groups were (83.1% vs 62.5%, P=0.433; 100% vs 68.1%, P=0.082). After matching, Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that mSMART 3.0 risk stratification and ASCT were independent prognostic factors for OS.@*CONCLUSION@#In the new drug era, ASCT can increase CR rate and prolong OS of NDMM patients. ASCT patients who are mSMART 3.0 high risk stratification or achieved deep response within 3 months after transplantation have better OS than non-ASCT patients receiving new drug chemotherapy. ASCT and mSMART 3.0 risk stratification are independent prognostic factors for OS in NDMM patients.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928293

ABSTRACT

Spinal cord injury is a severe central nervous system disease, which will cause a series of complex pathophysiological changes and activate a variety of signaling pathways including Notch signaling. Studies have evidenced that activation of the Notch signaling pathway is not conducive to nerve repair and symptom improvement after spinal cord injury. Its mechanisms include inhibiting neuronal differentiation and axon regeneration, promoting reactive astrocyte proliferation, promoting M1 macrophage polarization and the release of proinflammatory factors, and inhibiting angiogenesis. Therefore, it has become a promising therapeutic strategy to inhibit Notch signal as a target in the treatment of spinal cord injury. In recent years, some researchers have used drugs, cell transplantation or genetic modification to regulate Notch signaling, which can promote the recovery of nerve function after spinal cord injury, thereby providing new treatment strategies for the treatment of spinal cord injury. This article will summarize the mechanism of Notch signaling pathway in spinal cord injury, and at the same time review the research progress in the treatment of spinal cord injury by modulating Notch signaling pathway in recent years, so as to provide new research ideas for further exploring new strategies for spinal cord injury.


Subject(s)
Axons/metabolism , Cell Transplantation , Humans , Nerve Regeneration , Signal Transduction/genetics , Spinal Cord/metabolism , Spinal Cord Injuries/metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927841

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics of preadolescent and adolescent female patients with ovarian mass combined with dysplasia of secondary sexual characteristics. Methods This study retrospectively analyzed 18 cases of ovarian mass combined with dysplasia of secondary sexual characteristics aged 0-19 years admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2012 to November 2019.By analyzing the clinical manifestations,surgical methods,postoperative pathology,therapies and prognosis of the cases,we summarized the diagnosis and treatment ideas. Results Among the 18 cases,7(7/18,38.9%)developed secondary sex signs before puberty,including 5 cases showing precocity(including 2 cases of juvenile granulosa cell tumor,1 case of gonadoblastoma,1 case of ovarian follicular cyst,and 1 case of 46,XY simple gonadal dysplasia combined with dysgerminoma)and 2 cases presenting masculine manifestations(1 case of steroid cell tumor and 1 case of sclerosing stromal tumor).The rest 11(11/18,61.1%)cases showed abnormal development of secondary sexual characteristics during puberty,including 8 cases with masculine manifestations or abnormal menstruation after menarche(7 cases with sex cord stromal cell tumor and 1 case with cystic granulosa cell tumor),2 cases with primary amenorrhea(1 case with androgen insensitivity syndrome combined with testicular sertoli cell tumor and 1 case with endometriosis cyst combined with reproductive tract malformation),and 1 case diagnosed as 46,XX gonadal dysplasia with serous cystadenoma and no secondary sexual development during puberty. Conclusions Sex hormone levels should be actively tested in the case of prepubertal secondary sexual characteristics appearing early,pubertal secondary sexual characteristics being abnormal(underdevelopment),and/or menstrual abnormalities.Imaging examination should be performed to exclude ovarian organic lesions,and chromosome karyotype analysis should be performed if necessary.The diagnosis of ovarian mass in preadolescent and adolescent females with related symptoms should first be alerted to cord stromal cell tumor.It is recommended to rule out the possibility of combined reproductive tract malformation in the adolescent patients with primary amenorrhea.Chromosome examination should be conducted to rule out the possibility of gonadal dysplasia in the adolescent patients with primary amenorrhea and/or no development of secondary sexual characteristics.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Hyperplasia/complications , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925087

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Neural stem cells (NSCs) remain in the mammalian brain throughout life and provide a novel therapeutic strategy for central nervous system (CNS) injury. Bone morphogenetic protein-6 (BMP-6) had shown a protective effect in different types of cells. However, the role of BMP-6 in NSCs is largely unclear. The present study was aimed to investigate whether BMP-6 could protect human NSCs (hNSCs) against the oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced cell death. @*Methods@#and Results: Upon challenge with OGD treatment, cell viability was significantly decreased in a time-dependent manner, as indicated by the CCK-8 assay. BMP-6 could attenuate the OGD-induced cell injury in a dose-dependent manner and decrease the number of TUNEL-positive cells. Moreover, BMP-6 markedly weakened the OGD-induced alterations in the expression of procaspase-8/9/3 and reversed the expression of cleaved-caspase-3. Interestingly, noggin protein (the BMP-6 inhibitor) attenuated the neuroprotective effect of BMP-6 in cultured hNSCs. Furthermore, the p38 MAPK signaling pathway was activated by OGD treatment and BMP-6 markedly inhibited the phosphorylation of p38 in a concentration-dependent manner. Pretreatment with noggin abolished the effect of BMP-6 on p38 activation. SB239063, a selective p38 inhibitor, exerted similar effects with BMP-6 in protecting hNSCs against the OGD-induced apoptosis. These results indicated that blocking the phosphorylation of p38 might contribute to the neuroprotective effect of BMP-6 against the OGD-induced injury in hNSCs. @*Conclusions@#These findings suggested that BMP-6 might be a therapeutic target in the OGD-induced cell death, which provides a novel therapeutic strategy for enhancing host and graft NSCs survival in hypoxic-ischemic brain injury.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 637-641, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922867

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To analyze ocular wavefront aberrations and scattering parameters changes in patients with meibornian gland dysfunction(MGD)and aqueous deficient dry eye(ADDE), and assess the visual quality of patients with two types of dry eye syndromes.METHODS:There were 25 patients with MGD, 25 patients with ADDE and 25 healthy controls treated in our hospital from January to October 2018 were included in this study. Ocular surface disease index questionnaire(OSDI)and tear film correlation examination were performed in three groups. The tear film correlation examination included tear break-up time(TBUT), Schirmer test( SⅠt )and cornea fluorescein staining(FL). The root mean square of total high order aberration(HO), comatic aberration(CA), trefoil aberration(TA)and spherical aberration(SA)were recorded with i-Trace visual function analyzer. The scattering values were recorded by the double-pass Optical Quality Analysis System(OQAS Ⅱ), including the modulation transfer function(MTF cutoff ), Strehl ratio(SR)and objective scattering index( OSI ). Three groups of subjects kept their eyes open for 20s, the mean value of OSI was recorded using OQAS Ⅱ tear film analysis program.RESULTS:The OSDI score in MGD group was significantly higher than that in ADDE group(38.2±5.6 <i>vs</i> 32.2±7.2, <i>P</i><0.01). The SⅠT score in ADDE group was significantly lower than that in MGD group(1.98±0.92 <i>vs</i> 12.52±6.80mm/5min, <i>P</i><0.001). The TBUT and FL staining score were lower in MGD group than those in ADDE group(TBUT: 3.27±1.91 <i>vs</i> 6.02±1.05s, FL:3.27±2.18 <i>vs</i> 6.23±2.19, all <i>P</i><0.001). There was no significant difference in HO, CA, TA and SA between MGD Group and ADDE group(HO: 0.385±0.081 <i>vs</i> 0.344±0.092, CA:0.210±0.062 <i>vs</i> 0.175±0.075, TA:0.107±0.056 <i>vs</i> 0.086±0.042, SA:0.322±0.078 <i>vs</i> 0.273±0.097, HO:<i>t</i>=1.67, <i>P</i>>0.05; CA: <i>t</i>=1.80, <i>P</i>>0.05; TA: <i>t</i>=1.50, <i>P</i>>0.05; SA: <i>t</i>=1.97, <i>P</i>>0.05). There was no statistically significant differences between MGD group and ADDE group with the value of MTF cutoff, SR and OSI(MTF cutoff: 33.28±8.28 <i>vs</i> 37.12±9.53, SR: 0.19±0.06 <i>vs</i> 0.22±0.08, OSI:1.30±0.32 <i>vs</i> 1.12±0.52, MTF cutoff: <i>t</i>=1.52, <i>P</i>>0.05; SR: <i>t</i>=1.50, <i>P</i>>0.05; OSI: <i>t</i>=1.47, <i>P</i> >0.05). In the condition of not blinking, the mean value of OSI in MGD group was significantly higher than that in ADDE group(2.386±0.118 <i>vs</i> 1.554±0.058, <i>P</i><0.001).CONCLUSION:In the treatment of symptoms of patients with dry eye, improving the visual quality of patients should also be considered. The visual quality in patients with MGD is more serious than those with ADDE. The OSI related parameters seem to be sensitive indicators indexes to evaluate the dynamic changes of tear film-related visual quality in dry eye patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 245-248, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873649

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the prevalence of sexual abuse among rural children and its association with family cohesion and adaptability, and to explore factors that may affect household functions of the victims.@*Methods@#A total of 1 666 rural middle school students in Hanchuan and Yunxi, Hubei were recruited with stratified cluster sampling method, multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze associated factors of the household functions of the victims.@*Results@#A total of 175 (10.50%) reported non-contact sexual abuse and 44 (2.64%) reported contact sexual abuse. Compared with control group, sexual abuse victims reported lower scores of family cohesion (F=8.97,P<0.01) and adaptability (F=4.09,P=0.02). Among the victims, maternal absence was a risk factor for poor family cohesion(OR=0.20,P<0.01), higher parental educational level and appropriate parenting methods(P<0.05) were protective factors for family cohesion and family adaptability.@*Conclusion@#Household functions of children sexual abuse victims in rural areas are generally poor, especially for victims with mothers absence, low parental education and improper parenting style. More attention should be paid to such children to minimize the impact of negative events such as sexual abuse.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911718

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features and associated chronic pain in corticobasal syndrome (CBS).Methods:Clinical data of 8 patients diagnosed as probable CBS or possible CBS admitted to Beijing Hospital during January 2010 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical information included sex, age, course of disease, chief complaint, neurological examination, blood biochemistry, tumor marker, infection and other laboratory tests; the neuropsychological evaluation included Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scale and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD); the imaging studies included cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and/or 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography ( 18F-FDG PET). Results:The main clinical manifestations were asymmetrical movement disorders, including rigidity, tremor, myoclonus and abnormalities in posture and gait. Patients showed poor response to levodopa treatment. Among 8 patients, 7 had apraxia, 5 patients had alien hand, and 5 patients had various degrees of cognitive dysfunction. The cranial MRI demonstrated mild cerebral atrophy which was slightly more severe in the contralateral side of the initially affected limb in 7 of the 8 patients. The 18F-FDG PET scan revealed asymmetric decreased metabolism in the frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobe, as well as in basal ganglia, which was more severe in the contralateral side of the initially affected limb in 5 of the 8 patients. Six of the 8 patients were associated with pain, including dystonic pain in 3 patients, neuropathic pain in 1 patient, musculoskeletal pain in 1 patient, and unexplained pain in 1 patient. Pain was the onset symptom in 1 patient and pain was relieved by taking levodopa in another patient. Conclusions:CBS is characterized by asymmetric dyskinesia and cognitive impairment, and often associated with apraxia, cortical sensory deficits, and alien limb. The MRI and PET are helpful for CBS diagnosis. Pain may be one of the common non-motor symptoms in CBS.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910174

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the outcome of vaginal trial labor of pregnant women with low-lying placenta detected by translabial ultrasonography, and to explore the influencing factors of vaginal trial delivery and the risk factors of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH).Methods:A total of 80 pregnant women who were diagnosed by translabial ultrasonography with low-lying placenta and underwent vaginal trial delivery in Women′s Hospital, School of Medicine Zhejiang University were collected. Based on the distance of placenta lower edge to cervical internal os (IOD) 1 cm, and the general characteristics and pregnancy outcomes of pregnant women with IOD≤1 cm and 1-2 cm were compared and the related factors of PPH were analyzed by binary logistic regression analysis.Results:Among the 80 pregnant women with low-lying placenta, 41 cases with IOD≤1 cm and 39 cases with IOD 1-2 cm, respectively. The rate of cesarean section in the two groups were 15% (6/41) and 15% (6/39), respectively. The birth weight of newborns were (3 334±360) and (3 460±365) g, respectively. PPH rates were 24% (10/41) and 26% (10/39), respectively, and the differences were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). Among the 80 pregnant women with low-lying placenta, 60 cases did not have PPH, and 20 cases did. The rates of placenta manual removal were 2% (1/60) and 20% (4/20), respectively. The birth weight of newborns were (3 330±368) and (3 591±284) g, respectively. The differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis suggested that placenta manual removal was a risk factor for PPH in pregnant women with low-lying placenta ( OR=30.448, P=0.029). Conclusions:The results of vaginal trial labor in women with IOD≤1 cm and 1-2 cm are comparable, and vaginal trial labor could be attempted in those without contraindications of vaginal delivery. The main adverse complication of vaginal trial labor is PPH, and those with placenta manual removal need to make corresponding plans.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910169

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and perinatal outcomes of pregnancy with placental cystic lesions.Methods:A retrospective study was carried out on 48 pregnant women diagnosed as pregnancy complicated with placental cystic lesions from January 2000 to January 2020 at the Women′s Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine. The clinical features, pathological diagnosis and perinatal outcome were analyzed.Results:The age of 48 cases was (30±5) years, and the diagnostic gestational week of ultrasound was (24±8) weeks. Twenty-five cases in which showed a cystic mass at the fetal surface were diagnosed as placental cyst. The live birth rate was 100% (25/25) and the premature birth rate was 20% (5/25). Twenty-three cases showed “honeycomb like” cystic echo. Cystic lesions of 10 cases were located in the uterine cavity connected with the margin of the normal placenta, and finally diagnosed as hydatidiform mole and coexisting fetus (HMCF). Six cases of HMCF terminated pregnancy, and the live birth rate was 4/10, the premature delivery rate was 2/4. Cystic lesions of 13 cases were located in the placenta substance, and finally diagnosed as 4 cases of placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) and 9 cases of focal chorionic edema; the live birth rate was 6/13 and the premature delivery rate was 4/6. The median hCG was lower in focal chorionic edema group [80 kU/L (60-110 kU/L)] than in the groups of HMCF [240 kU/L (180-430 kU/L)] and PMD [360 kU/L (210-700 kU/L)], and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.01). Conclusions:For pregnancy complicated with placental cystic lesions, prenatal ultrasound should be performed to evaluate the shape, location and blood flow of the lesions. Maternal serological examination and invasive prenatal diagnosis are helpful for prenatal diagnosis and treatment. Due to the difference of perinatal outcomes, maternal and fetal complications, individualized pregnancy management should be carried out.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1670-1673, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906554

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the associations between sleep duration and negative emotions among junior college students,and to provide reference for mental health promotion among college students.@*Methods@#Cluster sampling method were used to select 2 524 freshmen from a college in Huainan, Anhui Province. Questionnaires were used to investigate general demographic characteristics, sleep timing, negative emotions and other information. The restricted cubic spline and multivariate Logistic regression were used to analyze the relationship between sleep duration and negative emotion among junior college students.@*Results@#The prevalence of depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, stress associated symptoms were 19.41%(490), 28.2%(713), 9.9%(250) respectively.The prevalence of negative emotions was higher among boys(24.3%,34.0%,19.1%) than girls(18.7%,27.4%,8.5%). The differences between groups were statistically significant( P <0.01). After adjusting for confounding factors, sleep duration and negative emotions showed a non linear dose response relationship. Compared with the reference group(8-<9 h), sleep duration <7 h was significantly associated with an increased risk of depressive symptoms and stress symptoms, and <8 h was associated with an increased risk of anxiety symptoms. The additional sleep time on weekends ≥5 h was associated with negative emotions compared with the reference group(<1 h)( P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Short sleep duration and extra weekend sleep are associated with negative emotions. Reasonable sleep schedule among junior college students might be helpful for the prevention and control of negative emotions.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886764

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of Plasmodium falciparum multidrug resistance protein 1 (PfMDR1), chloroquine resistance transporter (PfCRT) and Kelch 13 (PfK13) genes in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, so as to provide insights into the development of the malaria control strategy in local areas. Methods A total of 85 peripheral blood samples were collected from patients with Plasmodium falciparum infections in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea in 2018 and 2019, and genomic DNA was extracted. The PfMDR1, PfCRT and PfK13 genes were amplified using a nested PCR assay. The amplification products were sequenced, and the gene sequences were aligned. Results There were no mutations associated with artemisinin resistance in PfK13 gene in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, while drug-resistant mutations were detected in PfMDR1 and PfCRT genes, and the proportions of PfMDR1_N86Y, PfMDR1_Y184F and PfCRT_K76T mutations were 35.29% (30/85), 72.94% (62/85) and 24.71% (21/85), respectively. Conclusion There are mutations in PfMDR1, PfCRT and PfK13 genes in P. falciparum isolates from Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881474

ABSTRACT

Since July 2020, nucleic acids of novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 were frequently detected in cold chain food imported to China, making imported food being a potential risk to the COVID-19 outbreak. Based on the epidemiological characteristics of SARS-CoV-2, imported cold-chain food and their packaging may become the carriers of SARS-CoV-2 in long-distance cross-border transportation. In each aspect of stakeholders including governmental supervision, manufacturers and consumers, China should strengthen the risk management of imported cold-chain food to ensure the safety, especially pay attention to the health protection of industry workers in close contact with cold -chain food.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2678-2684, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921230

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The past decade has witnessed an ever-increasing momentum of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and a subsequent paradigm shift in the contemporary management of severe aortic stenosis (AS). We conducted a multi-centric TAVR registry based on Chinese patients (the China Aortic valve tRanscatheter Replacement registrY [CARRY]) to delineate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of Chinese patients who underwent TAVR and compare the results between different valve types in different Chinese regions.@*METHODS@#CARRY is an all-comer registry of aortic valve disease patients undergoing TAVR across China and was designed as an observational study that retrospectively included all TAVR patients at each participating site. Seven hospitals in China participated in the CARRY, and 1204 patients from April 2012 to November 2020 were included. Categorical variables were compared using the chi-squared test, and continuous variables were analyzed using a t test or analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. The Kaplan-Meier curve was used to estimate the risk of adverse events during follow-up.@*RESULTS@#The mean age of the patients was 73.8 ± 6.5 years and 57.2% were male. The median Society of Thoracic Surgeon-Predicted Risk of Mortality score was 6.0 (3.7-8.9). Regarding the aortic valve, the proportion of bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) was 48.5%. During the hospital stay, the stroke rate was 0.7%, and the incidence of high-degree atrioventricular block indicating permanent pacemaker implantation was 11.0%. The in-hospital all-cause mortality rate was 2.2%. After 1 year, the overall mortality rate was 4.5%. Compared to patients with tricuspid aortic valve (TAV), those with BAV had similar in-hospital complication rates, but a lower incidence of in-hospital mortality (1.4% vs. 3.3%) and 1 year mortality (2.3% vs. 5.8%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TAVR candidates in China were younger, higher proportion of BAV, and had lower rates of post-procedural complications and mortality than other international all-comer registries. Given the use of early generation valves in the majority of the population, patients with BAV had similar rates of complications, but lower mortality than those with TAV. These findings further propel the extension of TAVR in low-risk patients.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#https://www.chictr.org.cn/ (No. ChiCTR2000038526).


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Humans , Male , Registries , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879807

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association of different maternal and infant factors with the number of total nucleated cells and CD34@*METHODS@#A prospective study was performed for the umbilical cord blood samples of 130 neonates who were born in Dalian Women and Children's Medical Center from June 2019 to January 2020, with a male/female ratio of 1:1. Related perinatal information was collected, including maternal age and blood type, presence or absence of gestational diabetes or gestational hypertension, pregnancy method, mode of delivery, singleton pregnancy/twin pregnancy, body weight and sex of neonates, Apgar score after birth, and the conditions of placenta, amniotic fluid, and umbilical cord.@*RESULTS@#The neonates were grouped according to maternal blood type, gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension, pregnancy method, mode of delivery, singleton pregnancy/ twin pregnancy, sex of neonates, Apgar score after birth, placental morphology, meconium staining of amniotic fluid, and umbilical cord around the neck. The comparison between groups showed no significant differences in the numbers of total nucleated cells and CD34@*CONCLUSIONS@#The number of CD34


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD34 , Female , Fetal Blood , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Prospective Studies , Umbilical Cord
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879446

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate expression of Semaphorin 3A in rats after spinal cord injury and explore possible mechanism of inhibiting of axonal regeneration after SCI.@*METHODS@#Forty healthy female SD rats, 8 weeks old, weighing (210.00±9.88) g, were randomly divided into control group(20 rats in group A) and model group(20 rats in group B). In control group, removal of T@*RESULTS@#After a simple spinal cord transection injury, hemorrhagic necrosis, localized edema, neurodegeneration, necrosis, and cyst formation occurred in the injured area, and glial scar formation occurred in glial cells. Semaphorin 3A expression levels in control group was low in the gray matter area. There was no expression of Semaphorin 3A in the injured area of spinal cord injury in model group 3 days after operation. On the 14th day, the expression of Semaphorin 3A in the injured area of spinal cord injury increased significantly and was at a high level. On the 28th day, the expression of Semaphorin 3A was moderate. On the 42th day, the positive expression of Semaphorin 3A returned to normal level.@*CONCLUSION@#The increased expression of Semaphorin 3A after spinal cord injury may be one of the mechanisms that inhibit axonal regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Semaphorin-3A/genetics , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Injuries/genetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879402

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the short-term clinical efficacy of single-stage cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR) between the minimally invasive Key-hole technique and anterior cervical Zero profile intervertebral fusion system (Zero-P).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 45 patients who underwent surgical treatment for CSR from January 2017 to January 2020, including 21 in Key hole group (12 males and 9 females), followed up for 10-22(13.2±2.3) months;24 cases in Zero-P group (14 males and 10 females), and the follow up period was 10 to 23(12.7±1.9) months. Perioperative conditions (incision length, intraoperative blood loss, operation time, length of hospital stay, and complications) were compared between two groups, and X-rays of cervical spine before and after surgery and at the final follow-up were taken to analyzed curvature of the cervical spine, visual analogue scale(VAS) of pain before and after surgery, Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score of cervical spine were recorded to evaluate clinical efficacy.@*RESULTS@#In Key-hole group and Zero-P group, the surgical incision length, intraoperative blood loss, operation time, final follow-up Cobb angle and immediate postoperative VAS score respectively were (1.2±0.2) cm, (5.3±0.3) cm;(35.3±9.7) ml, (120.2±13.5) ml;(56.4±11.3) min, (90.6±12.6) min;(3.2±3.9)°, (7.3±3.8)°;(2.8±1.2)points, (3.8±1.1) points;the Zero-P group was larger than the Key hole group, with statistical significance(@*CONCLUSION@#The cervical spine Key-hole technology is similar to the anterior cervical Zero-P system in the treatment of CSR. The Key-hole technique has certain advantages in incision length, intraoperative blood loss, and operation time. It is a safe, effective and can be widely used cervical spine surgery method.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Radiculopathy/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Spondylosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 200-205, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878027

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It has been a global trend that increasing complications related to pelvic floor surgeries have been reported over time. The current study aimed to outline the development of Chinese pelvic floor surgeries related to pelvic organ prolapse (POP) over the past 14 years and investigate the potential influence of enhanced monitoring conducted by the Chinese Association of Urogynecology since 2011.@*METHODS@#A total of 44,594 women with POP who underwent pelvic floor surgeries between October 1, 2004 and September 30, 2018 were included from 22 tertiary academic medical centers. The data were reported voluntarily and obtained from a database. We compared the proportion of each procedure in the 7 years before and 7 years after September 30, 2011. The data were analyzed by performing Z test (one-sided).@*RESULTS@#The number of different procedures during October 1, 2011-September 30, 2018 was more than twice that during October 1, 2004-September 30, 2011. Regarding pelvic floor surgeries related to POP, the rate of synthetic mesh procedures increased from 38.1% (5298/13,906) during October 1, 2004-September 30, 2011 to 46.0% (14,107/30,688) during October 1, 2011-September 30, 2018, whereas the rate of non-mesh procedures decreased from 61.9% (8608/13,906) to 54.0% (16,581/30,688) (Z = 15.53, P < 0.001). Regarding synthetic mesh surgeries related to POP, the rates of transvaginal placement of surgical mesh (TVM) procedures decreased from 94.1% (4983/5298) to 82.2% (11,603/14,107) (Z = 20.79, P < 0.001), but the rate of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) procedures increased from 5.9% (315/5298) to 17.8% (2504/14,107).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rate of synthetic mesh procedures increased while that of non-mesh procedures decreased significantly. The rate of TVM procedures decreased while the rate of LSC procedures increased significantly.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT03620565, https://register.clinicaltrials.gov.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Humans , Pelvic Floor/surgery , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Vagina
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880503

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanistic basis for the attenuation of bone degeneration by edible bird's nest (EBN) in ovariectomized rats.@*METHODS@#Forty-two female Sprage-Dawley rats were randomized into 7 groups (6 in each group). The ovariectomized (OVX) and OVX + 6%, 3%, and 1.5% EBN and OVX +estrogen groups were given standard rat chow alone, standard rat chow +6%, 3%, and 1.5% EBN, or standard rat chow +estrogen therapy (0.2mg/kg per day), respectively. The sham-operation group was surgically opened without removing the ovaries. The control group did not have any surgical intervention. After 12 weeks of intervention, blood samples were taken for serum estrogen, osteocalcin, and osteoprotegerin, as well as the measurement of magnesium, calcium abd zinc concentrations. While femurs were removed from the surrounding muscles to measure bone mass density using the X-ray edge detection technique, then collected for histology and estrogen receptor (ER) immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Ovariectomy altered serum estrogen levels resulting in increased food intake and weight gain, while estrogen and EBN supplementation attenuated these changes. Ovariectomy also reduced bone ER expression and density, and the production of osteopcalcin and osteorotegerin, which are important pro-osteoplastic hormones that promote bone mineraliztion and density. Conversely, estrogen and EBN increased serum estrogen levels leading to increased bone ER expression, pro-osteoplastic hormone production and bone density (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EBN could be used as a safe alternative to hormone replacement therapys for managing menopausal complications like bone degeneration.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888358

ABSTRACT

Spinal cord injury is a highly disabled neurological disease, and there is still a lack of effective treatments. Studies have proved that olfactory ensheathing cells are one of the ideal seed cells for promoting nerve regeneration after spinal cord injury. Olfactory ensheathing cells can promote axonal germination and elongation through secretion, interaction with astrocytes, regulation of inflammatory reaction, migration characteristics, myelination, anti-oxidation, lipid regulation and other channels. Thus olfactory ensheathing cells play the role of neuroprotection and nerve repair. In recent years, some studies have used bioengineering, tissue engineering, reprogramming and other technologies to enhance the efficacy of olfactoryensheathing cells from different aspects, thereby providing new therapeutic strategies for optimizing the cell therapy of spinal cord injury. This article will summarize the mechanism of olfactory ensheathing cells in repairing spinal cord injury, and review the progress of optimizing strategy of olfactory ensheathing cells in treating spinal cord injury recently, so as to provide new research ideas for the further developing the repair potential of olfactory ensheathing cells and optimize the cell therapy effect of spinal cord injury.


Subject(s)
Cell Transplantation , Humans , Nerve Regeneration , Spinal Cord Injuries/therapy
20.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 412-416, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923209

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between occupational stress response and psychological symptoms of metro-drivers and the mediating role of neurotic personality. METHODS: A total of 396 metro-drivers in a subway operating company were selected as the research subjects using judgment sampling method. Their psychological symptoms, neurotic personality and occupational stress response were evaluated using the Symptom Checklist 90, the Neurotic Subscales of NEO Five-Factor Inventory, and the Personal Strain Questionnaire of Occupational Stress Inventory Revised Edition. RESULTS: The scores of psychological symptoms, neurotic personality and occupational stress response in the metro-drivers were(148.8±42.7),(29.3±6.3) and(104.2±14.2), respectively. The occupational stress of metro-drivers was positively correlated with the psychological symptoms score(correlation coefficient was 0.45, P<0.01), and neurotic personality was positively correlated with occupational stress response and psychological symptoms scores(correlation coefficients were 0.44 and 0.53 respectively, all P<0.01). The occupational stress response of metro-drivers played a direct effect on their psychological symptoms, and the direct effect was 0.825. Neurotic personality played a partial mediating effect between occupational stress response and psychological symptoms, and the mediating effect was 0.537, accounting for 39.4% of the total effect. CONCLUSION: The neurotic personality of metro-drivers plays a partial mediating role between occupational stress response and psychological symptoms.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL