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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907707

ABSTRACT

Objective:To control the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) effectively, strict isolation measures have been taken in China. Suspected patients must be isolated, and the confirmed patients specifically are isolated in negative-pressure isolation rooms. During the isolation, patients face difficulty in adapting to their surrounding environment, worry about the prognosis of the disease, lack confidence in treatment, separate from their families, and have a sense of distance from medical staff. Isolated patients may possess the feelings of negativity, including loneliness, anxiety, depression, insomnia, and despair. Hence, to reduce the risk of adverse psychological outcomes,"family member-like"care strategies were developed and implemented to solve problems associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims to examine whether using"family member-like"care strategies can improve psychological resilience and reduce depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms among patients with COVID-19 in an isolation ward.Methods: A quasi-experimental design was used to evaluate the"family member-like"care strategies for adult patients with COVID-19 in an isolation ward. COVID-19 patients in the Xiangya ward of the West District of the Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in Wuhan, Hubei province, were included in this study from February 9 to March 20, 2020. Healthcare providers who volunteered as family members were assigned to patients. They practiced one-to-one care and provided continuous and whole care for the patients who were from admission to discharge. Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale-10 (CD-RISC-10) and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) were used to evaluate the resilience and psychological status of COVID-19 inpatients upon hospital admission, 2 weeks after admission, and at their discharge from the hospital. Results: The questionnaire response rate of the"family member-like"strategies was 100%. Of the 60 patients, 39 (65.0%) were male, and 21 (35%) were female. The hospital stay was (27.5±3.5) days. All the 60 patients were cured and discharged without any death and serious complications. The total scores for CD-RISC were 8.83±6.86 at admission, 29.13±5.42 at 2 weeks after admission, and 33.87±6.14 at discharge, which were significantly improved at the 2 follow-ups (F=404.564, P<0.001). Multivariate analysis and repeated measurements also indicated that patients experienced significant improvements in tenacity (F=360.839, P<0.001), strength (F=368.217, P<0.001), and optimism (F=328.456, P<0.001) at the 2 follow-ups. The total scores of DASS-21 were 49.27±11.30 at admission, 30.77±16.71 at 2 weeks after admission, and 4.17±11.03 at discharge, and the scores were significantly decreased at the 2 follow-ups (F=270.536, P<0.001). Multivariate analysis and repeated measurements also indicated that patients experienced significant decreases in depression (F=211.938, P<0.001), anxiety (F=285.592, P<0.001), and stress (F=287.478, P<0.001) at the 2 follow-ups.Conclusion:"Family member-like"strategies had positive effects on improving psychological resilience and reducing the symptoms of anxiety and depression of COVID-19 patients. It might be an effective care method for COVID-19 patients. It should be incorporated into emergency care management to improve care quality during public health emergencies of infectious diseases.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921352

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We aimed to investigate and interpret the associations between socioeconomic factors and the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension at the provincial level in China.@*Methods@#A nationally and provincially representative sample of 179,059 adults from the China Chronic Disease and Nutrition Surveillance study in 2015-2016 was used to estimate hypertension burden. The spatial Durbin error model was fitted to investigate socioeconomic factors associated with hypertension indicators.@*Results@#Overall, it was estimated that 29.20% of the participants were hypertensive nationwide, among whom, 34.32% were aware of their condition, 27.69% had received antihypertensive treatment, and 7.81% had controlled their condition. Per capita gross domestic product (GDP) was associated with hypertension prevalence (coefficient: -2.95, 95% @*Conclusion@#Hypertension indicators were not only directly influenced by socioeconomic factors of local area but also indirectly affected by characteristics of geographical neighbors. Population-level strategies should involve optimizing supportive socioeconomic environment by integrating clinical care and public health services to decrease hypertension burden.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Hypertension/psychology , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Socioeconomic Factors , Spatial Analysis , Young Adult
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911393

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of potassium iodide-induced pyrolysis of thyroid follicular cells.Methods:Thyroid gland tissue was obtained from patients with thyroid cancer (TC) coexisting with Hashimoto′s thyroiditis, and the tumor-adjacent Hashimoto′s thyroiditis tissue was used as the control. ELISA was used to detect the concentration of the pyroptosis inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18 in the tissues, and Western blotting was used to detect the activation of gasdermin (GSDM) proteins, a biomarker for pyroptosis. Thyroid follicular cells treated with different concentrations of potassium iodide, and IL-1β, IL-18, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), GSDMD were measured. Transcriptome chip analysis was used to explore the differentially expressed genes involved in pyroptosis of thyroid follicular cells induced by potassium iodide treatment.Results:The levels of IL-1β and IL-18 cytokines in the tissues of patients with Hashimoto′s thyroiditis and thyroid cancer were higher than control tissues ( P<0.01), and the activation of the pyroptosis executive protein GSDMD was significant increased, while GSDME was not activated. IL-1β, IL-18, and LDH secretion were significantly increased in response to potassium iodide stimulation in thyroid follicular cells ( P<0.01) and GSDMD was cleaved, which indicated that potassium iodide induced the pyroptosis of thyroid follicular cells. Moreover, potassium iodide could activate NLRP3 inflammasomes to promotethe pyroptosis of thyroid follicular cells. Transcriptome chip analysis further found that PARP1 protein was highly upregulated by the stimulation of potassium iodide, and then enhanced the activity of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) transcription factor to induce pyroptosis. Conclusions:The findings in this study reveal that potassium iodide promotesthe pyroptosis of thyroid follicular cells through activating NF-κB-NLRP3 inflammasome, which may be a novel mechanism that promots the development of Hashimoto′s thyroiditis under the condition of excessive iodine intake. PARP1 is a pivotal protein that mediates the pyroptosis induced by potassium iodide and may be a potential therapeutic target to control Hashimoto′s thyroiditis progression.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910641

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze prognostic factors of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) combined with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) after surgical resection.Methods:The data of 98 patients with HCC combined with PVTT who underwent surgical resection in Ningbo University Affiliated Li Huili Hospital from January 2008 to June 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including 83 males and 15 females with an average age of 53 years. The survival rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method and compared using log-rank test. Cox regression model was used for the multivariate analysis of the prognosis of patients.Results:The 1, 2, and 3-year overall survival rates were 75.9%, 51.5%, and 35.4%, respectively, with a median survival time of 25 months; the 1, 2, and 3-year disease-free survival rates were 35.0%, 16.1%, and 8.6%, respectively, with a median disease-free survival time of 8 months. Multivariate analysis showed that the overall survival of patients with preoperative alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) ≥400 μg/L ( HR=1.760, 95% CI: 1.079-2.873) and hepatic vein tumor thrombus (HVTT, HR=3.809, 95% CI: 1.655-8.765) was poorer after surgical resection (all P<0.05), while the survival of patients with postoperative adjuvant trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE) ( HR=0.397, 95% CI: 0.220-0.716, P=0.002) was better. Preoperative AFP≥400 μg/L ( HR=2.339, 95% CI: 1.488-3.676) , undergoing HCC resection combined with PVTT dissection ( HR=2.038, 95% CI: 1.090-3.811), and with HVTT ( HR=2.374, 95% CI: 1.160-4.857) (all P<0.05) are independent risk factors for recurrence in patients with HCC combined with PVTT, postoperative adjuvant TACE ( HR=0.535, 95% CI: 0.307-0.933, P=0.027) is a protective factor. Conclusion:Preoperative AFP≥400 μg/L and HVTT are independent risk factors for the prognosis of patients with HCC combined with PVTT. Reasonable selection of surgical methods and postoperative adjuvant TACE may improve the prognosis of patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910164

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety, efficacy and application indication of intra-operative cell salvage (IOCS) in cesarean section.Methods:A total of 1 265 pregnant women who received IOCS blood transfusion during cesarean section in 11 tertiary A hospitals from August 2016 to January 2019 were collected and divided into <1 500 ml group (796 cases) and ≥1 500 ml group (469 cases) according to the amount of blood loss during cesarean section. The general clinical data, ultrasonic imaging data, perinatal and puerperium indicators were analyzed retrospectively. The risk factors of intraoperative blood loss ≥1 500 mL using IOCS transfusion were analyzed by logistic multivariate regression.Results:(1) A total of 848 001 ml of blood was recovered and a total of 418 649 ml of blood was transfused in 1 265 pregnant women who received IOCS transfusions, which was equivalent to 23 258 U red blood cell suspension, greatly saving medical resources. The intraoperative blood loss in <1 500 ml group and ≥1 500 ml group was 800 ml (300-1 453 ml) and 2 335 ml (1 500-20 000 ml), respectively. No amniotic fluid embolism, severe adverse reactions, shock and death occurred in the two groups. (3) Multivariate regression analysis showed that age ≥35 years ( OR=1.5, 95% CI: 1.1-1.9), prenatal hemoglobin level <110 g/L ( OR=1.7, 95% CI: 1.3-2.2), history of uterine surgery ( OR=1.8, 95% CI: 1.3-2.6), placenta previa ( OR=1.9, 95% CI: 1.1-3.1), placenta accreta ( OR=2.6, 95% CI: 1.8-3.9), blood pool in the placenta ( OR=1.6, 95% CI: 1.1-2.3), abnormal posterior placenta muscle wall ( OR=1.8, 95% CI: 1.2-2.6), placenta projecting to the anterior uterine wall ( OR=3.0, 95% CI: 1.3-7.0) were risk factors for blood loss ≥1 500 ml in obstetric transfusion using IOCS technique, with statistical significance (all P<0.05). Conclusion:IOCS is safe and effective in cesarean section, which could save the medical resources and reduces medical expenses, however, it is necessary to strictly master the application indication.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908346

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of three different non-invasive ventilation strategies in initial treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome(RDS).Methods:A total of 111 premature infants with RDS who were admitted to the NICU from Jan 2019 to Dec 2019 were divided into nasal continuous positive airway pressure(NCPAP)group( n=35), bi-level positive airway pressure(BiPAP)group( n=30)and nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation(NIPPV)group( n=46)as an initial respiratory support.A retrospective study was conducted to compare pH, PaCO 2, PaO 2, P/F value(PaO 2/FiO 2)before 4 to 6 hours after treatment, the incidence of non-invasive ventilation failure, non-invasive ventilation time, invasive ventilation time, duration of oxygen therapy and the incidence of complications among the three groups. Results:Four to 6 hours after treatment, the blood gas indexes of pH, PaO 2 and P/F were significantly higher and PaCO 2 was significantly lower than those before the treatment in the three groups ( P<0.05). PaO 2 and P/F in both BiPAP group and NIPPV group were higher than those in NCPAP group ( P<0.05). PaCO 2 was lower in BiPAP group than that in NCPAP group ( P<0.05), but there were no statistical differences of the blood gas indexes between BiPAP group and NIPPV group ( P>0.05). The incidence of non-invasive ventilation failure was significantly lower in the BiPAP group and NIPPV group than that in NCPAP group ( P<0.012 5), while no signifficant difference was observed between BiPAP group and NIPPV group ( P>0.05). Moreover, no signifficant differences were found among three groups regarding non-invasive ventilation time, ventilation time of successful non-invasive ventilation, invasive ventilation time, duration of oxygen therapy and the incidence rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, necrotizing enterocolitis, periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhages, retinopathy of prematurity( P>0.05). Conclusion:NIPPV and BiPAP as an initial respiratory support for RDS in preterm infants augment the beneficial effects of NCPAP contributing to improvement of oxygenation, reduction of the rate of intubation within five days postnatal life without the relevant complications.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907331

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of blood pressure and serum circadian clock protein levels after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion in spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and their correlation.Methods:The middle cerebral artery occlusion method was used to prepare the SHR cerebral ischemia-reperfusion model at zero point of Zeitgeber Time (ZT), and the systolic blood pressure within 24 h was continuously monitored after the model was made. The tail vein blood of rats was taken every 3 h, and the changes in serum circadian clock proteins (CLOCK, BMAL1, PER1 and CRY1) levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Pearson correlation analysis was used to determine the relationship between blood pressure circadian rhythm pattern and circadian clock protein level fluctuation after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion.Results:In the sham operation group, there were various blood pressure patterns, including dipper (53%), non-dipper (27%), super dipper (13%), and reverse dipper (7%), and the main pattern was dipper. In contrast, the degree of blood pressure disorder in the model group was aggravated, and the non-dipper was the main type, with the proportion as high as 40%. The proportion of super dipper and reverse dipper increased to 27% and 13% respectively; proportion of dipper blood pressure decreased to 20%. The serum level of CLOCK in the model group was relatively stable, while the circadian rhythm of BMAL1, PER1 and CRY1 was significantly changed compared with the sham operation group. Pearson analysis showed that PER1 was negatively correlated with the dipper ( r=-0.565, P=0.002) and super dipper ( r=-0.531, P=0.001) blood pressure patterns, and positively correlated with the non-dipper blood pressure pattern ( r=0.620, P<0.001). Conclusion:The circadian rhythm pattern of blood pressure in SHR after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion was obviously disordered, which was closely associated with the regulation of Per1 gene.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907128

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the prevalence and epidemiological characteristics of norovirus in adult cases with infectious diarrhea in Putuo District of Shanghai, and provide scientific evidence for the prevention and control of infectious diarrhea caused by norovirus. MethodsFecal samples, clinical information and epidemiological data were collected from January 2013 through December 2019 in surveillance hospitals in Putuo District of Shanghai. Norovirus was examined by real-time fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR). ResultsIn 1 389 adult cases with infectious diarrhea, norovirus positive rate was 25.41%, which was significantly higher in male (27.16%) than female (23.89%). Furthermore, in 353 cases positive for norovirus, GⅡ group was the most common (77.98%).The positive rate was highest in the cases aged 30-44 years. Spring, autumn and winter were the seasons with higher incidence of norovirus (September to May). The norovirus-infected cases had more nausea, vomiting, hyperactivity of bowel sounds, and watery stool, compared to the negative cases (P<0.05). ConclusionThe detection rate of norovirus remains high in adult cases with infectious diarrhea in Putuo District of Shanghai, of which GII is predominant. Seasonality may be spring, autumn and winter. Therefore, it warrants the countermeasures, such as surveillance and health education, for prevention and control of norovirus in susceptible population during epidemic seasons.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907105

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the prevalence and epidemiological characteristics of norovirus in adult cases with infectious diarrhea in Putuo District of Shanghai, and provide scientific evidence for the prevention and control of infectious diarrhea caused by norovirus. MethodsFecal samples, clinical information and epidemiological data were collected from January 2013 through December 2019 in surveillance hospitals in Putuo District of Shanghai. Norovirus was examined by real-time fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR). ResultsIn 1 389 adult cases with infectious diarrhea, norovirus positive rate was 25.41%, which was significantly higher in male (27.16%) than female (23.89%). Furthermore, in 353 cases positive for norovirus, GⅡ group was the most common (77.98%).The positive rate was highest in the cases aged 30-44 years. Spring, autumn and winter were the seasons with higher incidence of norovirus (September to May). The norovirus-infected cases had more nausea, vomiting, hyperactivity of bowel sounds, and watery stool, compared to the negative cases (P<0.05). ConclusionThe detection rate of norovirus remains high in adult cases with infectious diarrhea in Putuo District of Shanghai, of which GII is predominant. Seasonality may be spring, autumn and winter. Therefore, it warrants the countermeasures, such as surveillance and health education, for prevention and control of norovirus in susceptible population during epidemic seasons.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2203-2205, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904870

ABSTRACT

YKL-40 is an emerging inflammatory marker with the highest expression level in the liver. This article summarizes the research advances in YKL-40 as a serological marker for liver fibrosis. The analysis shows that YKL-40 can effectively evaluate the severity of liver fibrosis and thus holds promise for clinical application. Due to limited diagnostic efficiency of a single index, the combination of YKL-40 diagnostic model and other serological markers will become a research hotspot in the future.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888608

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Ambient fine particle (PM@*METHODS@#A time-stratified case-crossover design was used to analyze YLL from respiratory diseases in the elderly related to ambient PM@*RESULTS@#Each 10 μg/m@*CONCLUSIONS@#Birth season which reflects the early-life PM


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Air Pollutants/analysis , Cause of Death , China/epidemiology , Cross-Over Studies , Environmental Exposure/analysis , Humans , Life Expectancy , Particulate Matter/analysis , Respiration Disorders/mortality , Seasons
12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 195-200, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862643

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the inhibitor y effects of cajanonic acid A on 5 kinds of cytochrome P 450(CYP)enzyme,in human liver microsomes in vitro . METHODS :By Cocktail probe substrate method ,50.0,15.0,5.0,1.5,0.5,0.15,0.05 μmol/L cajanonic acid A were added into liver microsomes , and incubated with mixed probe substrates [including phenacetin , dextromethorphan,omeprazole,testosterone and toluenesulfonbutylurea (probe substrates of CYP 1A2,CYP2D6,CYP2C19, CYP3A4,CYP2C9,respectively)]. On the basis of setting up blank group and positive control group [ α-naphthalene brass , quinidine,(+)-N-3-benzyl vanillin ,ketoconazole and sulfabendazole (specific inhibitors of CYP 1A2,CYP2D6,CYP2C19, CYP3A4,CYP2C9,respectively)],using puerarin as internal standard ,UPLC-MS/MS method was adopted to determine the contents of corresponding metabolites (acetaminophen, dextrophane, 5-hydroxy omeprazole , 6 β-hydroxytestosterone, hydroxytolbutamide). The determination was performed on ACQUITY UPLC ® BEH C 18 column,with mobile phase consisted of 0.01% formic acid aqueous solution- 0.01% acetonitrile formic acid (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 0.4 mL/min. The column temperature was 40 ℃,and the sample size was 2 μL. An electrospray ionization source was used to conduct positive and negative ion scanning in the multiple reaction monitoring mode. The data acquisition range was m/z 100-1 200,the collision gas was argon , the atomized gas was nitrogen ,the gas flow rate of the cone hole was 50 L/h,the desorption gas flow rate was 800 L/h,the capillary voltage under positive and negative mode was 2.0, 1.5 kV,and the ion source temperature was 120 ℃,110 ℃, respectively. The desolvent temperature were 400 ℃ and 450 ℃ , respectively. Non linear regression analysis was performed by using Graphpad Prism 5.0 software and IC 50 wascalculated. RESULTS :The linear ranges of above metabolifes were 0.26-8.35,0.36-34.56,0.10-3.09, 3.67-117.37,0.15-4.88 μmol/L(R2>0.99). The limits of quantitation were 0.26,0.36, 0.10,3.67,0.15 μmol/L,respectively. The IC 50 values of specific inhibitors in positive control group to CYP 1A2,CYP2D6, CYP2C19,CYP3A4 and CYP 2C9 in human liver microsomes were all within the acceptable range reported in the literature. The IC50 values of cajanonic acid A to CYP 1A2,CYP2D6 and CYP 3A4 in human liver microsomes were all more than 50 μmol/L,and the IC 50 values of CYP 2C9 and CYP 2C19 were 4.94 and 18.00 μmol/L,respectively. CONCLUSIONS :Cajanonic acid A has no inhibitory effect on CYP 1A2,CYP2D6 and CYP 3A4,but has a certain inhibitory effect on CYP 2C9 and CYP 2C19.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885312

ABSTRACT

Objective:The aims of this study were to compare the efficacy between salvage liver transplantation (sLT) and rehepatectomy (RR) basing on the propensity score matching (PSM), and to explore the prognositc factors of patients with recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:124 patients with intrahepatic recurrence after hepatectomy in our center from January 2012 to August 2018 were divided into sLT group( n=46) and RR group( n=78). 34 patients were selected for data analysis base on 1∶1 propensity score matching (PSM). The advantages and disadvantages of the two surgical methods and the prognostic factors of the patients were discussed by comparing the basic clinical data, OS and DFS of the two groups before and after matching. Results:Before matching, the pre-operative serum total bilirubin, the occurrence of multiple tumors, the proportion of preoperative TACE and the proportion of patients within Milan criteria of the sLT group were higher than those of the RR group, and the maximum tumor diameter of the sLT group was shorter than that of the RR group ( P<0.05); the time of operation, the amount of intra-operative blood loss, the positive of MVI and the proportion of postoperative Clavien grade Ⅲ and above of RR group were higher than those of RR group ( P<0.05). After matching, the operation time, intra-operative blood loss and the proportion of postoperative complications of sLT group were higher than those of RR group; there was nosignificant difference between 1-, 3- and 5- years OS of sLT group and RR group( P>0.05), the 1-, 3- and 5-years DFS of sLT group were better than those of RR group( P<0.05); AFP≥100 μg/L was the independent risk factor of OS, and the type of operation and AFP≥100 μg/L were independent risk factors of DFS. Conclusions:The pre-operative condition of sLT group was more severe, and the operation time, intra-operative blood loss and post-operative severe complication rate of sLT group were higher than those of RR group, and the DFS time of sLT group was longer than that of RR group, but there was no significant difference in OS between the two groups.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the efficacy of different systemic chemotherapy regimens as first-line and second-line therapy and to determine the prognostic factors for patients with advanced biliary tract cancer.Methods:The clinical data of patients with advanced biliary tract cancer who underwent systemic chemotherapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2011 to December 2018 were studied. The efficacy of chemotherapy on objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) were evaluated. Potential prognostic factors for survival were studied using the Cox proportional hazards models.Results:Of 151 patients enrolled into this study, there were 75 males and 76 females, with ages ranging from 31 to 77 years (median 58 years). Two treatment protocols were used: (1) 104 patients received a gemcitabine-based regimen (combined with platinums or fluorouracils) or a combination of platinums and fluorouracils, while (2) 47 patients received a combination of albumin-bound paclitaxel and S-1. The corresponding ORR for each group were 15.4%(16/104) and 27.6%(13/47), respectively, and the DCR were 65.4%(68/104) and 72.3%(34/47), respectively. Of 58 evaluable patients who received chemotherapy as a second-line therapy, 31 patients received the regimen containing gemcitabine, platinums or fluorouracils with an ORR of 3.2% (1/31) and a DCR of 35.5%(11/31); a total of 18 patients received the taxanes-based regimen with an ORR of 11.1%(2/18) and a DCR of 38.9%(7/18); 9 patients received the irinotecan-based regimen with an ORR of 22.2%(2/9) and a DCR of 44.4%(4/9). Univariate analysis showed positive liver metastasis and elevated carbohydrate antigen (CA)19-9 level to be significantly correlated with worse survival outcomes ( HR=1.540, 95% CI: 1.019-2.328, P=0.040 and HR=1.892, 95% CI: 1.123-3.188, P=0.017). Conclusion:For patients with advanced biliary tract cancer, in addition to the conventional regimens containing gemcitabine, platinums and fluorouracils, the combination of albumin-bound paclitaxel and S-1 was shown to be an effective chemotherapeutic regimen for these patients. Second-line chemotherapy was insufficient and ineffective, and an irinotecan-based regimen deserves to be further investigated. Liver metastasis and elevated CA19-9 level were worse prognosis after chemotherapy for patients with advanced biliary tract cancer.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883597

ABSTRACT

Rehabilitation therapeutics has become a popular specialty in colleges and universities in China. At present, 160 colleges and universities have set up rehabilitation therapeutics specialty, of which 73.75% are public colleges and 26.25% are private colleges (including independent colleges). The types of those colleges and universities are mainly concentrated on western medicine colleges (40.6%), traditional Chinese medicine colleges (18.1%) and comprehensive colleges (31.3%), with an imbalance in regional distribution between the east and west of China. Some problems are becoming prominent with the increase of the number of these colleges and universities, such as differences in discipline cultivation modes, compositions of colleges and universities, teaching quality, profession/industrial standards and distribution of rehabilitation education resources. In order to promote the healthy development of undergraduate education of rehabilitation therapeutics in colleges and universities in China, we should define the connotation and extension of rehabilitation therapeutics, establish the professional training mode of rehabilitation therapeutics with Chinese characteristics, classify the professional training objectives, strengthen the construction of teachers, formulate professional standards of rehabilitation therapeutics, and improve the uneven distribution of rehabilitation education resources.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879805

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of an additional maintenance dose (5 mg/kg) of caffeine citrate injection at 1 hour before ventilator weaning in improving the success rate of ventilator weaning in preterm infants (gestational age ≤32 weeks) with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) on mechanical ventilation.@*METHODS@#A total of 338 preterm infants with RDS (gestational age of ≤32 weeks) who were admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Xiamen Maternal and Child Health Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019 and treated with mechanical ventilation were enrolled. They were randomly divided into an observation group and a routine group, with 169 infants in each group. Both groups received early routine treatment with caffeine. The infants in the observation group received an additional maintenance dose of caffeine citrate injection at 1 hour before ventilator weaning. The two groups were compared in terms of reintubation rate and number of apnea episodes within 48 hours after ventilator weaning, changes in blood gas parameters, blood glucose, heart rate, and mean blood pressure at 2 hours after ventilator weaning, and incidence rates of major complications during hospitalization.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the routine group, the observation group had significantly lower reintubation rate (@*CONCLUSIONS@#An additional maintenance dose of caffeine citrate injection at 1 hour before ventilator weaning is safe and effective in improving the success rate of ventilator weaning in preterm infants with RDS and thus holds promise for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Caffeine , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Maintenance , Prospective Studies , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy , Ventilator Weaning
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879803

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the safety of two ventilator weaning strategies after high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) for the treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted for 101 preterm infants with NRDS, with a gestational age of ≤32@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the failure rate of ventilator weaning within 72 hours (8% vs 14%, @*CONCLUSIONS@#For preterm infants with NRDS, the strategy of weaning directly from HFOV is safe and reliable and can reduce the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation, and therefore, it holds promise for clinical application.


Subject(s)
High-Frequency Ventilation , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Prospective Studies , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy , Ventilator Weaning
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922735

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the changes and characteristics of pediatric outpatient visits in a general hospital before and after the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic.@*METHODS@#Based on the registration data of pediatric outpatient visits in the information system (HIS)of Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, from January 1 2018 to December 31 2020, aged 0 to 16 years, we analyzed the changes of outpatient visits before and after the epidemic, focusing on respiratory infection including influenza. The relationship between the outpatient visits and age and quarterly distribution were also studied.@*RESULTS@#(1) Respiratory infection accounted for the majority of outpatient visits in 2018 and 2019 (60.6% and 60.5%, respectively). Non-respiratory infection accounted for the main proportion of outpatient visits in 2020, while respiratory infection accounted for only 47.4%. Annual respiratory infection visits, respiratory infectious diseases visits especially influenza visits all decreased significantly in 2020 compared with that in 2018 and 2019 (@*CONCLUSION@#The respiratory infection and influenza visits have decreased significantly in our pediatric outpatient department after the COVID-19 epidemic, which is considered closely related to the lifestyle and personal protection after the epidemic. It is recommended that health education on respiratory infection and influenza prevention should be strengthened, especially in winter and spring, to promote the development of good respiratory and hand hygiene habits.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Child , Hospitals, General , Humans , Infant , Influenza, Human/epidemiology , Outpatients , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 61-67, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781607

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) offers a new approach for adult patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). The study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tACS treating MDD.@*METHODS@#This is an 8-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Ninety-two drug-naive patients with MDD aged 18 to 65 years will receive 20 daily 40-min, 77.5-Hz, 15-mA sessions of active or sham tACS targeting the forehead and both mastoid areas on weekdays for 4 consecutive weeks (week 4), following a 4-week observation period (week 8). The primary outcome is the remission rate defined as the 17-item Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS-17) score ≤7 at week 8. Secondary outcomes are the rates of response at weeks 4 and 8 and rate of remission at week 4 based on HDRS-17, the proportion of participants having improvement in the clinical global impression-improvement, the change in HDRS-17 score (range, 0-52, with higher scores indicating more depression) over the study, and variations of brain imaging and neurocognition from baseline to week 4. Safety will be assessed by vital signs at weeks 4 and 8, and adverse events will be collected during the entire study.@*DISCUSSION@#The tACS applied in this trial may have treatment effects on MDD with minimal side effects.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1800016479; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=22048.

20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): E008-E008, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811681

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the principles of differential diagnosis of pulmonary infiltrates in cancer patients during the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) by analyzing one case of lymphoma who presented pulmonary ground-glass opacities (GGO) after courses of chemotherapy.@*Methods@#Baseline demographics and clinicopathological data of eligible patients were retrieved from medical records. Information of clinical manifestations, history of epidemiology, lab tests and chest CT scan images of visiting patients from February 13 to February 28 were collected. Literatures about pulmonary infiltrates in cancer patients were searched from databases including PUBMED, EMBASE and CNKI.@*Results@#Among the 139 cancer patients underwent chest CT scans before chemotherapy, pulmonary infiltrates were identified in eight patients (5.8%), five of whom were characterized as GGOs in lungs. 2019-nCoV nuclear acid testing was performed in three patients and the results were negative. One case was a 66-year-old man diagnosed as non-Hodgkin lymphoma and underwent CHOP chemotherapy regimen. His chest CT scan image displayed multiple GGOs in lungs and the complete blood count showed decreased lymphocytes. This patient denied any contact with confirmed/suspected cases of 2019-nCoV infection and without fever and other respiratory symptoms. Considering the negative result of nuclear acid testing, this patient was presumptively diagnosed as viral pneumonia and an experiential anti-infection treatment had been prescribed for him.@*Conclusions@#The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) complicates the clinical scenario of pulmonary infiltrates in cancer patients. The epidemic history, clinical manifestation, CT scan image and lab test should be combined consideration. The 2019-nCoV nuclear acid testing might be applicated in more selected patients. Active anti-infection treatment and surveillance of patient condition should be initiated if infectious disease is considered.

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