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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907375

ABSTRACT

Rhythm of blood pressure refers to the circadian variation of blood pressure, which is regulated by clock genes. However, the rhythm disorder of blood pressure increases the risk of stroke. Taking the process of blood pressure regulation as a clue and focusing on the clock gene pathway, this article explores the possible mechanism of period gene regulating renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in rhythm of blood pressure, so as to provide reference for the in-depth study of the relevant mechanism of rhythm disorder of blood pressure and search for a new target for the primary prevention of cerebrovascular diseases.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907331

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of blood pressure and serum circadian clock protein levels after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion in spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and their correlation.Methods:The middle cerebral artery occlusion method was used to prepare the SHR cerebral ischemia-reperfusion model at zero point of Zeitgeber Time (ZT), and the systolic blood pressure within 24 h was continuously monitored after the model was made. The tail vein blood of rats was taken every 3 h, and the changes in serum circadian clock proteins (CLOCK, BMAL1, PER1 and CRY1) levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Pearson correlation analysis was used to determine the relationship between blood pressure circadian rhythm pattern and circadian clock protein level fluctuation after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion.Results:In the sham operation group, there were various blood pressure patterns, including dipper (53%), non-dipper (27%), super dipper (13%), and reverse dipper (7%), and the main pattern was dipper. In contrast, the degree of blood pressure disorder in the model group was aggravated, and the non-dipper was the main type, with the proportion as high as 40%. The proportion of super dipper and reverse dipper increased to 27% and 13% respectively; proportion of dipper blood pressure decreased to 20%. The serum level of CLOCK in the model group was relatively stable, while the circadian rhythm of BMAL1, PER1 and CRY1 was significantly changed compared with the sham operation group. Pearson analysis showed that PER1 was negatively correlated with the dipper ( r=-0.565, P=0.002) and super dipper ( r=-0.531, P=0.001) blood pressure patterns, and positively correlated with the non-dipper blood pressure pattern ( r=0.620, P<0.001). Conclusion:The circadian rhythm pattern of blood pressure in SHR after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion was obviously disordered, which was closely associated with the regulation of Per1 gene.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912596

ABSTRACT

Objective:With the fast increasing of patent applications and authorizations in the field of pharmaceutical industry in China, it is of great significance to deploy the international market in advance. This study takes the overseas patent application work of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University as an example, to explore feasible methods that suitable for research-oriented hospitals to help high-value patents enter the international market.Methods:Based on the working procedures and common ways of overseas patents declared by Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from 2018 to 2020, this study analyzes the process of international applications of scientific of technological innovation achievements of research-oriented hospitals and summarizes the elements of patent application through working practices.Results:A standardized international patent application approach in public hospitals should include the following six parts: value evaluation before international patent filing, selection of the country when entering the national phase, professional assistance of patent agency company, hospital internal audit process, multi-channel access to intellectual property management and operating capital support, professional talent team construction.Conclusions:A set of standardized procedures for the application of overseas patents in Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University can help high-value patents enter the advanced market, which is operable and worthy for further generalization in other research hospitals.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 59-62, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911177

ABSTRACT

A 75-year-old patient was admitted with "progressive dysuria for more than 2 months" in January 2017. The tPSA level was 498 ng/ml and then diagnosed as metastatic prostate cancer (cT 3bN xM 1). For the resistance of abiraterone, gene mutation was detected during the endocrine therapy. After 5 months of endocrine therapy, the serum tPSA was decreased to a minimum of 12.5 ng/ml. Since July, the serum PSA level gradually rebounded, and the endocrine therapy was altered to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). The level of tPSA was maintained at 104 ng/ml in October 2017, and ADT was discontinued. After 1 year of discontinuation, the re-examination of PSA was 3 205 ng/ml. As the first-line regimen for mCRPC, abiratone and prednisone combined with goserelin was used. After 5 months of treatment, the level of tPSA still showed progression. The drug resistance of abiraterone was considered, so the treatment was discontinued. Next-generation sequencing technology (NGS) revealed the presence of AR, FGFR3 and RIT1 mutations, while no HRR germline mutation was detected. Docetaxel combined with ADT was performed. It was changed to comprehensive treatment of goserelin + docetaxel in March 2019. During chemotherapy CT images indicated significant reduction of pelvic lymph nodes and left inguinal lymph nodes, while bone metastasis showed stable condition. In April 2020, the chemotherapy was terminated for the lower extremity edema, joint pain and other related discomfort. The level of tPSA was 289 ng/ml after the last chemotherapy. DNA sequencing testing were performed again, and the mutation of AR and AR-V7 was negative. According to the results of genetic testing, the tPSA continued to decrease to 23 ng/ml after 6 months of abiraterone rechallenge, the imagings suggested that no disease progression. After AR mutation turns negative after chemotherapy, patients with refractory CRPC can still obtain a good PSA response such as tumor control and other clinical benefits from abiraterone. Abiraterone rechallenge is probably a new attempt for AR mutant patients with refractory CRPC.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888197

ABSTRACT

The traditional paradigm of motor-imagery-based brain-computer interface (BCI) is abstract, which cannot effectively guide users to modulate brain activity, thus limiting the activation degree of the sensorimotor cortex. It was found that the motor imagery task of Chinese characters writing was better accepted by users and helped guide them to modulate their sensorimotor rhythms. However, different Chinese characters have different writing complexity (number of strokes), and the effect of motor imagery tasks of Chinese characters with different writing complexity on the performance of motor-imagery-based BCI is still unclear. In this paper, a total of 12 healthy subjects were recruited for studying the effects of motor imagery tasks of Chinese characters with two different writing complexity (5 and 10 strokes) on the performance of motor-imagery-based BCI. The experimental results showed that, compared with Chinese characters with 5 strokes, motor imagery task of Chinese characters writing with 10 strokes obtained stronger sensorimotor rhythm and better recognition performance (


Subject(s)
Brain-Computer Interfaces , China , Electroencephalography , Evoked Potentials , Humans , Imagery, Psychotherapy , Imagination
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887896

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the related factors of pathological complete response(pCR)of patients with gastric cancer treated by neoadjuvant therapy and resection,and to analyze the risk factors of prognosis. Methods The clinical and pathological data of 490 patients with gastric cancer who received neoadjuvant therapy followed by radical gastrectomy from January to December in 2008 were retrospectively analyzed.Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the risk factors affecting pCR and prognosis. Results Among the 490 patients,41 achieved pCR,and the overall pCR rate was 8.3%(41/490).The pCR rate was 16.0% in the neoadjuvant chemoradiation group and 6.4% in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group.The results of multivariate analysis showed that neoadjuvant chemoradiation(


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884550

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based and computed tomography (CT)-based target volume delineation and dose coverage in partial breast irradiation (PBI) for patients with breast cancer, aiming to explore the application value of MRI localization in PBI after breast-conserving surgery.Methods:Twenty-nine patients with early breast cancer underwent simulating CT and MRI scans in a supine position. The cavity visualization score (CVS) of tumor bed (TB) was evaluated. The TB, clinical target volume (CTV), planning target volume (PTV) were delineated on CT and MRI images, and then statistically compared. Conformity indices (CI) between CT- and MRI-defined target volumes were calculated. PBI treatment plan of 40 Gy in 10 fractions was designed based on PTV-CT, and the dose coverage for PTV-MRI was evaluated.Results:The CVS on CT and MRI images was 2.97±1.40 vs. 3.10±1.40( P=0.408). The volumes of TB, CTV, PTV on MRI were significantly larger than those on CT, (24.48±16.60) cm 3vs. (38.00±19.77) cm 3, (126.76±56.81) cm 3vs. (168.42±70.54) cm 3, (216.63±81.99) cm 3vs. (279.24±101.55) cm 3, respectively, whereas the increasing percentage of CTV and PTV were significantly smaller than those of TB. The CI between CT-based and MRI-based TB, CTV, PTV were 0.43±0.13, 0.66±0.11, 0.70±0.09( P<0.001), respectively. The median percentage of PTV-MRI receiving 40 Gy dose was 81.9%(62.3% to 92.4%), significantly lower than 95.6%(95.0%~97.5%) of PTV-CT. Conclusions:The CVS between CT and MRI is not significantly different, but the MRI-based TB, CTV, PTV are significantly larger than CT-based values. The PTV-MRI is of underdose if PBI treatment plan is designed for PTV-CT. As a supplement of CT scan, MRI can enhance the accuracy of TB delineation after breast-onserving surgery.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884523

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and prognosis of hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy combined with hormonal therapy in the treatment of pelvic lymph node metastatic prostate cancer.Methods:Clinical data of 42 IV A prostate cancer patients who received hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy combined with hormonal therapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between 2006 and 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The total irradiation doses to the prostate and seminal vesicles were 67.5 Gy/25f, 2.7 Gy/f. The prophylactic irradiation doses to the pelvic lymph nodes were 45-50 Gy with a daily fraction dose of 1.8-2.0 Gy. Thirty-three patients with residual lymph nodes were boosted to 60.0-67.5 Gy for the residual area, 2.4-2.7 Gy/f. Androgen deprivation therapy included surgical castration or luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists combined with antiandrogens. Survival rate was calculated using Kaplan- Meier method. The differences between two groups were analyzed by log-rank test. Prognostic factors were identified by univariate and multivariate analyses. Results:The median follow-up was 65.5 months (range, 5 to 150 months). The 5-year and 10-year failure-free survival (FFS) rates in the whole group were 67% and 45%, respectively. No clinical recurrence was observed in the irradiation field. The 5-year and 10-year prostate cancer-specific survival/overall survival (PCSS/OS) rates were 85% and 60%, respectively. Gleason score (≥8 and<8) and duration of hormonal therapy impacted the FFS (both P<0.05). The duration of hormonal therapy was an independent prognostic factor for PCSS/OS ( P=0.003). Conclusions:Hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy combined with hormonal therapy yields optimistic clinical efficacy in the treatment of pelvic lymph node metastatic prostate cancer. Gleason score (≥8 and <8) and duration of hormonal therapy are critical prognostic factors.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884200

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influencing factors of false-positive serological reaction of syphilis.Methods:A total of 166 patients with false-positive serological reaction of syphilis (false-positive group), 145 patients diagnosed with early syphilis without treatment (positive control group) and 124 persons undergoing entry physical examination (negative control group) were included from January 2017 to February 2020 in Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University. The gender, age and underlying diseases of the three groups were compared. Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of false-positive serological reaction of syphilis. The efficacies of chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA) and toluidine red unheated serum test (TRUST) were compared. Paired t test or chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. Results:In the false-positive group (166 cases), the age of 117 cases were more than 50 years old and 49 cases <50 years old. There were significant differences in age ((53.1±13.8) vs (24.7±2.8), t=22.56, P<0.01), autoimmune disease (36.7%(61/166) vs 6.5%(8/124), χ2=35.93, P<0.01), hepatitis (9.6%(16/166) vs 3.2%(4/124), χ2=4.92, P=0.026) and tumor (6.6%(11/166) vs 0.8%(1/124), χ2=4.68, P=0.030) between the false-positive group and the negative control group. There were significant differences in gender (there were 91(54.8%) males and 75(45.2%) females in the false-positive group, and 103(71.0%) males and 42(29.0%) females in the positive control group, χ2=8.67, P=0.003), age ((53.1±13.8) vs (34.4±12.9), t=20.13, P<0.01) and autoimmune disease (36.7%(61/166) vs 6.9%(10/145), χ2=39.14, P<0.01) between the false-positive group and the positive control group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that gender (odds ratio ( OR)=2.692, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.504-4.816, P=0.001), age ≥50 years old ( OR=30.512, 95% CI 15.959-58.335, P<0.01), autoimmune disease ( OR=2.677, 95% CI 1.258-5.695, P=0.011) and hepatitis ( OR=4.408, 95% CI 1.799-10.799, P=0.001) were the influencing factors of false-positive serological reaction of syphilis. In the false-positive group, the positive rate of TRUST was 84.9% (141/166), which was higher than that of CLIA (23.5%(39/166)). The difference was statistically significant ( χ2=126.25, P<0.01). CLIA was 1.0-10.0 cut off index (COI) in 36 patients, and >10.0 COI in three patients.The difference was statistically significant ( χ2=52.51, P<0.01). The titers were ≤1∶4 in 139 patients and≥1∶8 in two patients with TRUST positive.The difference was statistically significant ( χ2=262.35, P<0.01). The sensitivity and specificity of CLIA were 95.2% and 96.0%, respectively, and those of TRUST were 77.2% and 91.1%, respectively. Conclusions:The influencing factors of false-positive serological reaction of syphilis include patients age ≥50 years and with autoimmune disease or hepatitis. The false-positive rate of TRUST is significantly higher than CLIA.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882737

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of early minimally invasive catheterization continuous abdominal lavage and drainage in treatment of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) .Methods:170 SAP patients admitted to Quzhou People’s Hospital from Jan. 2016 to Jun. 2020 were divided into the observation group and the control group, with 85 cases in each group, according to the random number table method. The control group received comprehensive medical treatment, while the observation group received early minimally invasive catheterization continuous abdominal lavage and drainage intervention based on the control group. The efficacy and complications after 1 week of treatment were evaluated. Besides, the intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and acute physiology and chronic health II (APACHEII) were scored, liver and lung function indexes [oxygenation indexes, oxygen partial pressure (PaO 2) , aspartate aminotransferase (AST) , alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ], and inflammation indexes [C-reactive protein (CRP) , tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) , macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α) ] were measured before and 1 week after the treatment. Results:The total effective rate of the treatment in the observation group was 91.77%, which was significantly higher than 77.65% in the control group ( P<0.05) . The level of IAP, APACHEII score, AST, ALT, CRP, TNF-α, MIP-1α of the two groups after 1 week of treatment decreased significantly compared with those before treatment, while the oxygenation index and PaO 2 increased significantly. The levels of IAP, APACHEII score, AST, ALT, CRP, TNF-α, and MIP-1α in the observation group were lower than those in the control group after 1 week of treatment, while the oxygenation index and PaO 2 in the observation group were higher than those in the control group, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05) . The incidence rates of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) , sepsis and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in the observation group were: 8.24%, 11.76% and 15.29%, significantly lower than 21.18%, 29.41% and 30.59% in the control group ( P<0.05) . Conclusion:Early minimally invasive catheterization continuous abdominal lavage and drainage in treatment of SAP is safe and effective, which can significantly inhibit pro-inflammatory factors, and protect liver and lung function.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881471

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the current status of multiple antibiotic residues in meat and meat products in Shanghai based on a 5-year surveillance, and perform the health risk assessment. Methods:We performed the examination in accordance with the Manual for National Food Contamination and Harmful Factor Risk Monitoring, and conduct health risk assessment according to the national limit standards on the monitoring data of 2016‒2020. Results:The total detection rate of multiple antibiotics in meat and meat products in Shanghai was determined to be 16.03%, in which the total unqualified rate was 1.97%. Moreover, the detection rate of quinolones was 2.78% and its unqualified rate was 0.83%. The unqualified rate of loxacin in cooked meat products was 2.12%. The detection rate of tetracyclines was 17.06% and its unqualified rate was 0.34%, in which the highest detection rate was identified in doxycycline (11.64%). The detection rate of sulfonamides was 3.16%, in which the highest detection rate was in sulfamethazine (1.05%). The detection rate of florfenicol was 5.15% and its unqualified rate was 0.12%. The difference of ofloxacin residues between diverse food categories (χ2=17.44, P<0.05) and processing links (χ2 =14.10, P<0.05) was statistically significant. In addition, the sum amount of ofloxacin, enrofloxacin and ciprofloxacin in cooked meat products was higher than other food categories; the unqualified rate and residual amount of ofloxacin available in online stores and catering links were both higher. The residual amount of doxycycline and the unqualified rate in the online store link were significantly higher than those in other links. Based on preliminary assessment, the high exposure values in the 97.5 percentile of meat and meat products accounted for a very low proportion of the corresponding acceptable daily intake (ADI) and posed a low health risk to the population. Conclusion:The total detection rate of tetracyclines in meat and meat products is relatively high, which obviously accumulates in the offals of livestock and poultry. In addition, some antibiotics, such as ofloxacin and doxycycline, are relatively high in catering and online stores. It is recommended to strengthen the supervision of quinolones in cooked meat products, especially ofloxacin, enrofloxacin, and ciprofloxacin, and improve the supervision of doxycycline in meat and meat products in online stores.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862603

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the status of self-harm, depression and anxiety and to analyze the relation of self-harm with depression and anxiety in college students.@*Methods@#Totally 9 638 college students were randomly selected from five universities in Anhui province using stratified cluster sampling and were surveyed with basic demographic characteristics, Depression Self Rating Scale (SDS), Self-evaluation of Anxiety Scale (SAS) and self-harm behavior questionnaire.@*Results@#The detection rate of self-harm among college students was 22.94%(2 211), boys (24.51%) were higher than girls(21.72%), the difference was statistically significant(χ2=10.46, P<0.05). The detection rate of depression was 28.57%(2 754). The detection rate of anxiety was 11.11%(1 071). The detection rate of self-harm in the depression group was 33.48%, which was significantly higher than those without depression group(18.72%)(χ2=242.22, P<0.01). The similar results were found in the anxiety analysis, students with anxiety showed higher detection rate in self-harm (48.74%) than those without anxiety (19.72%)(χ2=453.66, P<0.01). Both depression and anxiety were positively associated with self-harm behaviors(r=0.24, 0.27, P<0.01). Multivariate Logistic regression model found that after covariates controlled, depression(OR=1.48) and anxiety (OR=2.84) were positively associated with self-harm of college students(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Self-harm, depression and anxiety among college students in Anhui Province are at a high level, and a positive correlation between self-harm behaviors and depression and anxiety is observed. Attention should be paid to the mental health education of college students.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910559

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is technically divided into surgically resectable, borderline resectable or unresectable disease according to the relationship between tumor mass and adjacent blood vessels. Upon diagnosis, most of the lesions have been locally advanced or had distant metastases, and only 20% of the patients have the opportunity for tumor resection. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy are essential for pancreatic cancer. In this article, the literatures published in recent years were reviewed to focus on the research progress on the clinical trials of neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy, stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), radiochemotherapy combined with immunotherapy for localized pancreatic cancer.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910557

ABSTRACT

Oligometastasis is an intermediate status between the locally advanced and wide spread disease. Patients with oligometastasis may obtain long-term survival after local treatment. Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) can deliver radical ablative doses in a small number of fractions, which is a highly precise local ablation therapy. Approximately half of patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC) will develop metastases, with the liver and lung as the most common site of involvement. In this article, the safety, local efficacy and prognostic factors of SBRT for liver and lung oligometastases from CRC were illustrated. The highlights of SBRT implementation were also discussed. SBRT is safe and effective for oligometastases from CRC under respiratory motion management and robust quality assurance.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the motion and influencing factors of implanted gold markers in guiding liver stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) using abdominal compression.Methods:Twenty patients with oligometastatic colorectal cancer or primary hepatocellular carcinoma from January 2016 to December 2019 were included. All patients were treated with SBRT under abdominal compression, with 1-3 gold markers were implanted within 2 cm from the lesion before positioning. Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) scan was used for treatment planning. The respiratory cycle was divided into 0-90% respiratory phase images based on the respiratory signal, which were reconstructed by the system (Pinnacle 3 version 9.1; Philips Medical System, Madison, WI, USA), and cone beam CT validation images before radiation exposure were obtained. The liver volume was divided into 3 parts: within 2 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, 2-5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, and>5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein. The motion of different tumor locations was evaluated. Results:The average intrafractional motion amplitude was (2.63±2.81) mm in the cranial-caudal (CC) direction, (1.35±1.23) mm in the anterior-posterior (AP) direction, and (0.76±0.88) mm in the left-right (LR) direction, respectively. The average interfractional motion amplitude was (3.45±3.06) mm, (2.64±2.60) mm, and (2.23±2.07) mm, respectively. Both the intra-or inter-fractional motion amplitudes in the CC direction were the highest, followed by those in the AP and LR direction (all P<0.001). The motion varied at different tumor locations. The longer distance from the main hepatic portal vein, the larger the intrafractional motion (all P<0.05). To cover the 95% population-based confidence interval, the internal target volume (ITV) was suggested to include the expansion of 3.9 mm, 5.2 mm and 7.9 mm in the LR, AP and CC direction. The expansion of 4.3 mm, 4.4 mm and 6.1 mm was delivered within 2 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, and 3.5 mm, 7.3 mm and 9.7 mm>5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, respectively. The expansion varied significantly depending on the tumor location, whereas the motion in the CC direction was the largest regardless of the tumor location. The longer distance of the tumor from the main portal vein, the larger expansion in the CC direction. The expansion of tumor > 5 cm from the main portal vein in the AP direction was larger than that of inner parts. Conclusion:Liver tumors at different locations require individual external expansion of ITV.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910525

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the dosimetric characteristics, acute toxicity and short-term efficacy of postmastectomy hypofractionated internal mammary (IM) chain irradiation with electrons in patients with high-risk breast cancer.Methods:A total of 155 patients with breast cancer who underwent modified mastectomy between November 2018 and January 2020 were selected. Among them, 137(88.4%) patients were classified as stage Ⅲ and 18(11.6%) as stage Ⅱ. All patients received standard chemotherapy, endocrine therapy and anti-Her2 targeted therapy. CTV im was divided into three subregions: CTV im1, CTV im2 and CTV im3, which represented the first, second and third intercostal IM, respectively. The planning target volume of subraclavicular region (PTV sc) was delineated. CTV cw and CTV im were irradiated with 6-15 MeV electron at 43.5 Gy in 15 fractions over 3 weeks. Moreover, PTV sc was irradiated with 6 MV X-ray at 43.5 Gy in 15 fractions over 3 weeks using two-dimensional radiotherapy (2DRT) or three-dimensional radiotherapy (3DRT). The dosimetric characteristics of CTV im, PTV sc, lung, heart, left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) and right coronary artery (RA) were evaluated, and the acute toxicity and short-term efficacy were analyzed. Results:The mean dose (D mean) of CTV im was (43.3±2.6) Gy, D 95% was (30.5±8.3) Gy, V 90% was (85.0±10.5)% and V 80% was (91.0±7.4)%, respectively. The corresponding parameters of CTV im1 were significantly lower than those of CTV im2 and CTV im3(all P<0.001). Body mass index exerted no significant effect on IM dose ( P>0.05). Compared with 2DRT, 3DRT for SC significantly increased theD mean of CTV im[(43.4±2.6) Gy vs.(41.4±2.3) Gy, P=0.021], and the hot spot within PTV sc[V 110%: (26.7±17.5) cm 3vs.(12.5±8.4) cm 3, P=0.018; V 120%: (6.1±5.3) cm 3vs.(2.0±2.6) cm 3, P=0.023]. TheD mean of the ipsilateral lung was (9.8±1.9) Gy, and V 20Gy was (19.7±4.7)%. TheD mean of heart was (3.3±1.7) Gy in the whole group, (4.7±1.4) Gy for the left-sided breast cancer and (2.6±1.2) Gy for the right-sided breast cancer, respectively. TheD mean of LAD for the left-sided breast cancer was (13.9±4.9) Gy. TheD mean of RA for the right-sided breast cancer was (7.5±3.7) Gy. The incidence rates of ≥ grade 2 acute radiation dermatitis, esophagitis and pneumonitis were 19.3%, 4.5% and 2.6%, respectively. With a median follow-up time of 20.5 months (range: 9.9-41.8 months), 2 cases of chest wall recurrence, 2 regional lymph node recurrence, 6 distant metastases and 1 death were reported. Conclusions:When hypofractionated internal mammary chain is irradiated by electrons after mastectomy, the doses to the lung, heart and coronary artery are low, and the acute toxicities are mild. However, the dose to CTV im1 is inadequate. Although short-term efficacy is high, long-term follow-up is warranted.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prognosis of patients with isolated regional recurrence (RR) after mastectomy, and evaluate the efficacy of radiotherapy and identify the optimal radiation target volumes.Methods:Clinical data of 144 patients with first isolated RR after mastectomy between 2001 and 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients had not received post-mastectomy radiotherapy. The primary endpoints consisted of the subsequent locoregional recurrence (sLRR), distant metastasis (DM), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS).Results:With a median follow-up of 82.5 months after RR, the 5-year sLRR, DM, PFS and OS rates for the entire group were 42.1%, 71.9%, 22.9% and 62.6%, respectively. Local plus systemic therapy was an independent favorable prognostic factor for sLRR ( P<0.001) and PFS ( P=0.013). The sLRR rate in the surgery plus radiotherapy group was the lowest ( P<0.001). Surgery plus radiotherapy significantly reduced the 5-year risk of recurrence within the initially involved nodal regions ( P<0.001). Patients with chest wall irradiation obtained the 5-year subsequent chest wall recurrence rate of 12.1% compared to 14.8%( P=0.873) for those without chest wall irradiation. The subsequent supraclavicular recurrence rate was lower in patients with prophylactic supraclavicular irradiation than that without prophylactic supraclavicular irradiation (9.9% vs. 23.8%, P=0.206). The incidence rates of initially uninvolved axillary and internal mammary nodal recurrence were below 10% regardless of prophylactic irradiation or not. Conclusions:Patients with RR alone have an optimistic 5-year OS in the contemporary era. Comprehensive locoregional treatment including surgery and radiotherapy combined with systemic therapy is recommended. The chest wall, axillary and internal mammary nodal prophylactic irradiation should not be routinely performed for all patients with RR. The value of supraclavicular prophylactic irradiation remains to be evaluated.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910508

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and preliminary efficacy of total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT) model of" neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy plus consolidation neoadjuvant chemotherapy (CNCT) followed by surgery" for locally advanced gastric cancer.Methods:From 2018 to 2020, 28 patients clinically diagnosed with locally advanced gastric adenocarcinoma or Siewert Ⅱ/Ⅲ adenocarcinoma gastroesophageal junction cancer were prospectively enrolled. The neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) was delivered with a total dose of 45 Gy, 1.8 Gy/f. Concurrent chemotherapy was S-1 at a dose of 40-60 mg twice daily. Then, patients received four to six cycles of CNCT of SOX regimen at three weeks after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. D 2 lymphadenectomy was performed at 4-6 weeks after CNCT. Results:A total of 28 patients completed the whole therapy. Grade 3 or above adverse events occurred in 3 cases (11%) during CCRT, including thrombocytopenia, leukopenia and anorexia; 2 cases (7%) developed leukopenia and 3 cases (11%) of thrombocytopenia during CNCT. Twenty patients (71%) completed the surgery. The proportion of patients with pathological complete remission (pCR) was 50%. Three patients experienced surgical complications including anastomotic leak, anastomotic stenosis and intra-abdominal sepsis. All were recovered after symptomatic treatment.Conclusion:Interim analysis results demonstrate that TNT can yield significant down-staging for patients with locally advanced gastric cancer, which causes tolerable adverse events and postoperative complications.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910500

ABSTRACT

FLASH radiotherapy (FLASH-RT) is a treatment modality that delivers ultra-high dose rate and ultra-fast radiation for cancer treatment. Compared to conventional dose rate radiotherapy, FLASH-RT can yield similar efficacy for tumors and achieve normal tissue protection, translating to an increased therapeutic window. Due to this unique feature, FLASH-RT is attracting increasing attention from the radiotherapy community, both academia and industry. Due to its unique Bragg peak as well as intrinsic high dose rate, application of FLASH has more value and profound significance in proton therapy while achieving highly conformal dose deposition simultaneously. This article reviews research progress on FLASH-RT, relevant cell and animal studies, experimental conditions and results. Moreover, this article also investigates the potential biological mechanisms, technical challenges for implementation and potential clinical applications of FLASH-RT.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910489

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the radiation field and dose selection of patients with isolated chest wall recurrence (ICWR) after modified radical mastectomy, and analyze the prognostic factors related to subsequent chest wall recurrence.Methods:Clinical data of 201 patients with ICWR after mastectomy admitted to the Fifth Medical Center, Chinese PLA General Hospital from 1998 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. None of the patients received postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy. After ICWR, 48 patients (73.6%) underwent surgery and 155 patients (77.1%) received radiotherapy. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the post-recurrence progression-free survival (PFS) rates and the difference was compared by log-rank test. Multivariate analysis was performed using Cox regression model. Competing risk model was adopted to estimate the subsequent local recurrence (sLR) rates after ICWR and the difference was compared with Gray test. Multivariate analysis was conducted using F&G analysis. Results:With a median follow up of 92.8 months after ICWR, the 5-year PFS rate was 23.2%, and the 5-year sLR rate was 35.7%. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with surgery plus radiotherapy and recurrence interval o F>12 months had a lower sLR rate. Patients with recurrence interval o F>48 months, local plus systemic treatment and surgery plus radiotherapy had a higher PFS rate. Among the 155 patients who received chest wall radiotherapy after ICWR, total chest wall irradiation plus local boost could improve the 5-year PFS rate compared with total chest wall irradiation alone (34.0% vs. 15.4%, P=0.004). Chest wall radiation dose (≤60 Gy vs.>60 Gy) exerted no significant effect upon the sLR and PFS rates (both P>0.05). In the 53 patients without surgery, the 5-year PFS rates were 9.1% and 20.5%( P=0.061) with tumor bed dose ≤60 Gy and>60 Gy, respectively. Conclusions:Local radiotherapy is recommended for patients with ICWR after modified radical mastectomy of breast cancer, including total chest wall radiation plus local boost. The radiation dose for recurrence should be increased to 60 Gy, and it should be above 60 Gy for those who have not undergone surgical resection. In addition, patients with ICWR still have a high risk of sLR, and more effective treatments need to be explored.

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