Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.660
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 370-374, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965861

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the influence of experiential health education on diet control of college students with pre diabetes mellitus, and to provide reference for healthy eating habits promotion among college students.@*Methods@#According to the method of random number table, 78 pre diabetic college students screened from Changzhi Medical College from September 2020 to June 2021 were randomly assigned to observation group and control group (39 students in each group). The control group received routine health education for 10 months, once a week for 1 hour each time; On the basis of the above, the observation group received experiential health education once a week for 1 hour, including diet experience, exercise experience, blood sugar test experience and chronic complications experience. Blood glucose and lipids level, body mass index (BMI), dietary control as well as the stages of change for dietary control behavior were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#There was significant difference between the observation group and the control group in the stages of change for dietary control behavior 10 months after intervention ( χ 2=8.92, P <0.05). The compliance score of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group in the same period 10 months after the intervention ( t =3.74, P <0.01), the score of the knowledge of diet control in the observation group 10 months after intervention was significantly higher than that in the control group ( t =11.51, P <0.05). The levels of BMI, TG and TC in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group at 5 and 10 months after intervention, and the differences were statistically significant ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Experiential health education helps to promote awareness of diabete related knowledge, enhance self management behavior and good diet control habits, and is effective for blood glucose control.

2.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 244-253, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965839

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effects of fire-needle of Lingnan on the vitiligo model after hydroquinone-induced oxidative stress based on the Hippo-YAP signaling pathway. MethodsC57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal group (Control), model group (HQ), HQ+fire-needle group (FA), and positive control group (Halometasone), with 8 mice in each group. The vitiligo model was prepared by hydroquinone (HQ). The skin pathological changes were observed by depigmentation score, HE staining and Masson-Fontana. Elisa was used to detect the levels of tyrosinase (TYR), malondialdehyde (MDA) and monoamine oxidase (MAO).Western-blot and PCR were used to detect the expression of Yap1 and Tp73 among the groups. ResultsCompared with the control group, the epidermis and dermis were significantly thicker. The number of melanocyte hair follicles, basal melanocytes, epidermal cells containing melanin granules were significantly decreased, and the depigmentation score was significantly reduced(P<0.01). The level of TYR decreased, and the levels of MDA and MAO increased after modeling(P<0.01). The expression of Yap1 and Tp73 were significantly reduced (P<0.01). The dermis became thinner in the halometasone and FA group after treatment of 4 weeks. The number of melanocyte hair follicles, basal melanocytes, epidermal cells containing melanin granules increased (P<0.05). Compared with that of the HQ group, the level of TYR in the halometasone group and FA group was significantly increased (P<0.01). The levels of MDA and MAO in the FA group were decreased (P<0.05). The expressions of Yap1 and Tp73 in the FA group were significantly increased (P<0.01), and their effects were better than those in the Halometasone group (P<0.05). ConclusionsFire-needle of Lingnan protects melanocytes from oxidative stress by activating the Hippo-YAP pathway. It enhances the synthesis and function of melanocytes and promotes repigmentation by reducing the content and activity of oxidative stress products.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 773-778, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965638

ABSTRACT

In this study, we established a novel bioassay to determine the activity of polyethylene glycolated recombinant human growth hormone (PEG-rhGH) using Nb2-11 cells. We performed experimental condition optimization and methodological verification, and then detected the relative potency of PEG-rhGH products using this method. We demonstrated that the bioactivity of PEG-rhGH in promoting Nb2-11 cell proliferation displays a dose-response relationship, which conformed to the four-parameter model. Using PEG-rhGH reference as a control, we analyzed the relative potency of six batches of PEG-rhGH products, as well as linearity, regression and parallelism of the obtained curves. The relative potency of six batches of PEG-rhGH products was 95% to 105%. These results implied that the new bioassay established may be employed in quality control of PEG-rhGH products.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 760-766, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965633

ABSTRACT

The goal of this work was to explore the prospect of standardized application of an in-vitro bioactivity assay for recombinant human follicle-stimulating hormone based on a reporter gene. The relative accuracy, intermediate precision, linearity and applicable range of the method were validated according to the General Rules of Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2020 edition Volume IV (9401). Three laboratories used this method to determine the in-vitro biological activities of six batches of drug product and three batches of drug substance manufactured by two different companies. The consistency of the potency determined by three laboratories, the intra-laboratory precision and inter-laboratory precision were analyzed. The method was optimized during the collaborative validation. The results of method validation meet the requirements of the General Rules of Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2020 edition Volume IV (9401). Aiming to resolve the problems found in the collaborative validation, the medium for cell seeding, the pre-diluted buffer solution of standard and sample, and the means of removing and discarding supernatant after stimulation were optimized. After optimization, there was no significant difference in the bioactivity among the different laboratories (P > 0.05), indicating statistical equivalency. Intra-laboratory and inter-laboratory precision were good and the geometric coefficient of variation (GCV%) were both less than 15%. In conclusion, the reporter gene assay has good intra-laboratory repeatability and inter-laboratory reproducibility and is suitable for analyzing recombinant human follicle-stimulating hormone drug product and drug substance by different manufacturers. It is expected to be used as a standardized method for the determination of the in-vitro bioactivity of such products.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 536-549, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965618

ABSTRACT

Tumor microenvironment (TME) is composed of endothelial cells, pericytes, immune cells, cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), cancer stem cells (CSCs), extracellular matrix (ECM) and other components of the complex biological environment. TME interacts with the tumor cells through a large amount of signaling pathways, participates in the process of tumor progression, invasion, and metastasis. Hence, TME has become a potential therapeutic target for cancer treatment, exhibiting excellent therapeutic potential and research value in the field of cancer treatment. Currently, the novel nanotechnology has been widely applied in anticancer therapy, and nanotechnology-mediated drug delivery system is being explored to apply in TME modulation to inhibit tumor progression. Nanotechnology-mediated drug delivery has many advantages over traditional therapeutic modalities, including longer circulation times, improved bioavailability, and reduced toxicity. This review summarized the research of targeted nano-drug delivery based on TME regulation, including regulation strategies based on CSCs, CAFs, immune cells, ECM, tumor vascularization, exosomes, and microbiota. In addition, we summarized the advantages, opportunities, and challenges of TME regulation strategy compared with traditional treatment strategy, which provides a reference for the application of nano-drug delivery system based on TME regulation strategy in tumor precision therapy.

6.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 122-130, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965311

ABSTRACT

@#This study focused on various databases and literatures related to drug metabolism, collated and analyzed the information related to bacterial and human drug metabolic enzymes, and compared the similarities and differences between the information included in the database of bacterial and human drug metabolic enzymes. Results found more bacterial drug metabolic enzymes than human drug metabolic enzymes (9 703 vs 964), but much less than the total number of bacterial enzymes in BRENDA database (9 703 vs 20 835 235), indicating that the influence of bacteria on drug metabolism could have been greatly underestimated, and that further systematic research is needed.We summarized the progress and shortcomings of the current research on the influence of intestinal flora on drug metabolism, and proposed a research idea, that is, to predict through artificial intelligence whether intestinal bacterial proteins have the ability to metabolize drugs, to verify their biological functions by in vitro/in vivo experiments and gene editing, and to establish a database of drug metabolic enzymes from intestinal bacteria with complete annotation functions, in an attempt to provide a solid theoretical basis for further exploration of the effects of intestinal flora on drug metabolism.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 152-156, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964395

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#The popularity of electronic devices helps the spread of the flow experience. Flow experience affects many aspects of life for adolescents as for its double articulation. In order to provide suggestions for the improvement in adolescent mental health, this paper reviews flow experience and adolescent mental health in different situations. In learning situation, the state of flow makes a difference in students self confidence, learning experience, positive affect in school, positivity, self esteem and self efficacy, etc., at the same time, it is beneficial to relieve academic pressure and academic procrastination. In entertainment situation, the state of flow experience directly leads to addiction, and indirectly affects online game addiction by the mediating roles of self control and cognitive bias.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 379-384, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964233

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the role and mechanism of curcumol in neovascularization induced by vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF).METHODS: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were cultured in vitro and treated with 50ng/mL VEGF and curcumol at different concentrations. Cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 and EdU assay, the migration ability of cells was analyzed by Transwell assay, the angiogenesis ability of endothelial cells was analyzed by tube formation assay, and the change of Akt/mTORC1 signal pathway was detected by Western blot.RESULTS: CCK-8 results showed that the OD450 value of cells in 400 and 800 μmol/L curcumol+VEGF group was significantly lower than that in VEGF group(all P<0.01). EdU results showed that the rate of cell proliferation in 400 μmol/L curcumol+VEGF group was significantly lower than that in VEGF group(P<0.001). Transwell assay and the formation assay results showed that the number of migratory cells in 400 μmol/L curcumol+VEGF group was decreased, and the number and length of tube branches were also reduced compared with VEGF group(all P<0.001). Western blot results showed that curcumol significantly inhibited the expression of p-Akt and p-S6, which were downstream targets of Akt/mTORC1 pathway in cells.CONCLUSION: Curcumol can inhibit VEGF-induced cell proliferation, migration and tube formation of vein endothelial cells, and has a strong inhibitory effect on angiogenesis, which can be further studied in the treatment of ocular fundus neovascularization.

9.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 307-309, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986034

ABSTRACT

Malignant mesothelioma is a highly malignant disease that most often occurs in the pleural cavity, followed by the peritoneum and pericardium. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) accounts for 10%-15% of all mesothelioma. The most important risk factor for MPM is exposure to asbestos. MPM has no specific clinical symptoms, imaging and histopathology are critical for the diagnosis. There are currently no generally accepted guidelines for curative treatment of MPM. The patient mainly presented with abdominal pain, abdominal distension and discomfort. Due to extensive omentum metastasis, no further surgical treatment was performed. Pemetrexed combined with cisplatin chemotherapy was given for 2 cycles, and the patient is still alive.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mesothelioma, Malignant/drug therapy , Mesothelioma/diagnosis , Pemetrexed/therapeutic use , Cisplatin/therapeutic use , Peritoneal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Pleural Neoplasms , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy
10.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 358-363, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986013

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relevant factors of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) among dentists through Meta analysis, providing a basis for the prevention and control of WMSDs among dentists. Methods: In April 2022, cross-sectional research literatures on the prevalence correlation of WMSDs among Chinese dentists were searched in databases such as China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, VIP, PubMed, Web of Science, and Em Base database. The search was conducted from the establishment of the database until April 2022, literatures were selected using keywords such as musculoskeletal disorders and dentists. To extract gender, age, length of service, disease classification and other related influencing factors as indicator, and prevalence was selected as the outcome indicator. After evaluating the quality of the literatures, RevMan 5.3 software was used to calculate the combined RD (95%CI) values of the included literatures. Results: A total of 15 articles were included, with a total sample size of 3646 people. Meta analysis results showed that the prevalence of WMSDs among dentists in China was 80%, and the top three parts of the incidence rates were 65% of the waist, 58% of the neck, and 50% of the back. Gender, age, length of service, region and disease classification all increased the risk of WMSDs, and the combined effect size were 75%, 78%, 71%, 77% and 82% respectively (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The occurrence of WMSDs among dentists in China is related to multiple factors such as gender, age, length of service and disease classification. The above risk factors should be taken into account in the workplace and preventive measures should be actively implemented to prolong the working life of dentists.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Musculoskeletal Diseases/epidemiology , Risk Factors , China/epidemiology , Dentists
11.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 586-591, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985737

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical and pathological features of primary gastric (gastrointestinal)-type mucoglandular lesions of the endometrium. Methods: Eight cases of primary gastric (gastrointestinal)-type mucoglandular lesions of endometrium diagnosed between 2014 to 2022 were retrieved from pathology archives of the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, Shanghai, China. The clinical history, pathological sections and follow-ups were analyzed. Results: The eight patients ranged in age from 35 to 67 years, with an average age of 55.5 years. Seven patients were examined for high-risk human papillary virus (HPV) before operation. Only one of them was positive for high-risk HPV52. No cervical mucinous lesions were found in any of the patients. Two cases were invasive gastric (gastrointestinal)-type adenocarcinoma, 2 cases were benign gastric (gastrointestinal)-type mucinous metaplasia, and the other 4 cases were atypical gastric (gastrointestinal)-type mucinous gland hyperplasia. Microscopically, tumor cells showed mucous epithelium with gastrointestinal differentiation. Immunophenotyping showed that MUC6 was diffusely or focally positive in 5 cases, CK20 and CDX2 were positive in 3 cases. And p16 was negative or focally positive in 5 cases and strongly positive in 1 case. ER was expressed in both benign and atypical lesions, and weakly positive or negative in the invasive adenocarcinoma. p53 showed mutant expression in one case and wild-type expression in the rest. HPV in situ hybridization was negative. Conclusions: Primary gastric (gastrointestinal)-type mucoglandular lesions of the endometrium show various forms of gastrointestinal differentiation, which are high-risk HPV independent. Morphology combined with immunohistochemistry is helpful for the diagnosis, which can only be made on exclusion of cervical gastrointestinal glandular lesion, gastrointestinal metastatic carcinoma and the mucinous subtype of endometrioid carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Adult , Aged , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Papillomavirus Infections , China , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Endometrium/pathology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis
12.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 460-465, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985701

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological changes of early gastric cancer, especially its background mucosa, after the eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), and to investigate the causes of underdiagnosis in preoperative biopsy pathology. Methods: Ninety cases of early gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication and 120 cases of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) specimens without H. pylori eradication and their corresponding biopsy specimens were collected from Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University during 2016-2021. The clinicopathological data of the patients were analyzed, and the histopathological characteristics and immunophenotypic results compared. Results: Compared with the early gastric cancer without H. pylori eradication history, the histopathological type of early gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication was differentiated adenocarcinoma, with staggered distribution of cancerous and non-cancerous epithelium in the tumor area. The morphologic characteristics of gastric mucosa in the background of early gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication, were distinctive, including widening of the opening of enterosylated glandular ducts, serrated change of luminal margin, eosinophilic and microvesicular cytoplasm of enterosylated epithelium. Low-grade atypia existed in gastric cancer epithelial cells after sterilization, which might lead to underdiagnosis or missed diagnosis in biopsy pathology. Conclusions: Early gastric cancer and its background mucosa after H. pylori eradication have unique morphological characteristics, which can be used as a clue for pathological diagnosis, improve the accuracy of biopsy pathology and reduce the underdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Biopsy
13.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1047-1058, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985515

ABSTRACT

Objective: Compare and analyze the results of the domestic Lanyi AH600 glycated hemoglobin analyzer and other different detection systems to understand the comparability of the detection results of different detectors, and establish the best cut point of Lanyi AH600 determination of haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the diagnosis of diabetes. Methods: Multi center cohort study was adopted. The clinical laboratory departments of 18 medical institutions independently collected test samples from their respective hospitals from March to April 2022, and independently completed comparative analysis of the evaluated instrument (Lanyi AH600) and the reference instrument HbA1c. The reference instruments include four different brands of glycosylated hemoglobin meters, including Arkray, Bio-Rad, DOSOH, and Huizhong. Scatter plot was used to calculate the correlation between the results of different detection systems, and the regression equation was calculated. The consistency analysis between the results of different detection systems was evaluated by Bland Altman method. Consistency judgment principles: (1) When the 95% limits of agreement (95% LoA) of the measurement difference was within 0.4% HbA1c and the measurement score was≥80 points, the comparison consistency was good; (2) When the measurement difference of 95% LoA exceeded 0.4% HbA1c, and the measurement score was≥80 points, the comparison consistency was relatively good; (3) The measurement score was less than 80 points, the comparison consistency was poor. The difference between the results of different detection systems was tested by paired sample T test or Wilcoxon paired sign rank sum test; The best cut-off point of diabetes was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Results: The correlation coefficient R2 of results between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument in 16 hospitals is≥0.99; The Bland Altman consistency analysis showed that the difference of 95% LoA in Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital in Jiangsu Province (reference instrument: Arkray HA8180) was -0.486%-0.325%, and the measurement score was 94.6 points (473/500); The difference of 95% LoA in the Tibetan Traditional Medical Hospital of TAR (reference instrument: Bio-Rad Variant II) was -0.727%-0.612%, and the measurement score was 89.8 points; The difference of 95% LoA in the People's Hospital of Chongqing Liang Jiang New Area (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT) was -0.231%-0.461%, and the measurement score was 96.6 points; The difference of 95% LoA in the Taihe Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT) was -0.469%-0.479%, and the measurement score was 91.9 points. The other 14 hospitals, Lanyi AH600, were compared with 4 reference instrument brands, the difference of 95% LoA was less than 0.4% HbA1c, and the scores were all greater than 95 points. The results of paired sample T test or Wilcoxon paired sign rank sum test showed that there was no statistically significant difference between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument Arkray HA8180 (Z=1.665,P=0.096), with no statistical difference. The mean difference between the measured values of the two instruments was 0.004%. The comparison data of Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument of all other institutions had significant differences (all P<0.001), however, it was necessary to consider whether it was within the clinical acceptable range in combination with the results of the Bland-Altman consistency analysis. The ROC curve of HbA1c detected by Lanyi AH600 in 985 patients with diabetes and 3 423 patients with non-diabetes was analyzed, the area under curve (AUC) was 0.877, the standard error was 0.007, and the 95% confidence interval 95%CI was (0.864, 0.891), which was statistically significant (P<0.001). The maximum value of Youden index was 0.634, and the corresponding HbA1c cut point was 6.235%. The sensitivity and specificity of diabetes diagnosis were 76.2% and 87.2%, respectively. Conclusion: Among the hospitals and instruments currently included in this study, among these four hospitals included Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital in Jiangsu Province (reference instrument: Arkray HA8180), Tibetan Traditional Medical Hospital of TAR (reference instrument: Bio-Rad Variant Ⅱ), the People's Hospital of Chongqing Liang Jiang New Area (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT), and the Taihe Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT), the comparison between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instruments showed relatively good consistency, while the other 14 hospitals involved four different brands of reference instruments: Arkray, Bio-Rad, DOSOH, and Huizhong, Lanyi AH600 had good consistency with its comparison. The best cut point of the domestic Lanyi AH600 for detecting HbA1c in the diagnosis of diabetes is 6.235%.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Child , Humans , Female , Glycated Hemoglobin , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , ROC Curve
14.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 868-876, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985489

ABSTRACT

Objective: This article investigated the clinical characteristics and distribution of drug resistance mutation sites in HBV RT region of hepatitis B infected patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis was made on 1 948 patients with HBV infection, who had been tested for NAs resistance mutation and had a medical history of NAs in the Laboratory Department of the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from January 2020 to December 2021. Basic clinical information and drug resistance related mutation information were recorded. Meanwhile, the serological index data of hepatitis B were collected. Drug resistance gene mutant group and non-mutated group were grouped according to whether the drug resistance genes had a mutation in HBV RT region, and the clinical characteristics and genotype distribution of the two groups were statistically analyzed. The pattern of drug resistance gene mutation, number of mutation sites, drug resistance type and mutation of NAs resistance-related sites were analyzed in 917 patients with drug resistance gene mutation in HBV RT region. χ2 Inspection was used for counting data. Meanwhile, two independent samples t-test and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used for measurement data. Results: Among the 1 948 patients with chronic HBV infection, 917 patients had drug resistance gene mutation in RT region (47.07%). The proportion of patients with acute hepatitis B and CHB in HBV RT resistance gene mutant group was lower than that in the non-mutated group, while the proportion of patients with HBV-related cirrhosis was higher than that in the non-mutated group, these differences were statistically significant. Compared with the non-mutated group in HBV RT region, the age, the positive rates of HBeAg and HBV DNA, and HBV DNA load of these patients were increased in drug resistance gene mutant group, these differences were statistically significant. Genotypes of patients in both groups were dominated by C, followed by B and D. The proportion of patients with genotype C in HBV RT drug resistance gene mutant group was higher than that of non-mutated group, the difference was statistically significant. There were 53 gene mutation patterns in 917 patients with drug resistance gene mutation in HBV RT region, and the main pattern was rtL180M+rtM204V+rtS202G (9.70%). The mutation sites were dominated by 3 (20.74%). There were 5 types of drug resistance, LAM+Ldt (21.25%) was the most. Among the 18 sites that were clearly associated with LAM, ADV, ETV and Ldt resistance in the HBV RT region, 14 sites were mutated, and the most common mutation sites were rtL180M, rtM204V, rtM204 and rtS202G. what's more, the proportion of patients with NAs drug resistance was LAM>Ldt>ETV>ADV. Conclusion: In order to prevent adverse consequences of this study such as disease recurrence or disease progression caused by HBV drug resistance, HBV infected patients, who have long-term use of NAs antiviral therapy, should monitor the level of HBV DNA and drug resistance genes in HBV RT region in order to optimize the treatment plan in time or guide individualized treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Mutation , Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics , Lamivudine/therapeutic use
15.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 21-27, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971402

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe a technique of endoscopic transoral approach nasopharyngectomy for petroclival and jugular foramen nasopharyngeal carcinoma, based on anatomic studies and surgeries. Methods: Three dry human skulls and five fresh human cadaver heads were used for anatomic study of a endoscopic transoral approach to expose petroclival and jugular foramen. The anatomical landmarks and the extent of exposure were recorded. Six clinical cases who were treated in Eye & ENT Hospital, Fudan University from June 2020 to April 2022 were used to illustrate the technique and feasibility of this approach and to assess its indications and advantages, including 3 males and 3 females, aged 42 to 69 years old. Descriptive analysis was used in this research. Results: On the basis of the preservation of the internal pterygoid muscle and the external pterygoid muscle, this approach could fully expose the parapharyngeal, petrosal and paraclival segment internal carotid arteries, and safely deal with the lesions of jugular foramen and petroclival region. The 6 patients in our study tolerated the procedure well. Postoperative enhanced MRI showed complete resection of the tumor and no postoperative masticatory dysfunction. Conclusion: Endoscopic transoral approach is a safe, minimally invasive and effective surgical treatment for petroclival and jugular foramen recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , Jugular Foramina , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Endoscopy/methods , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery
16.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 231-241, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971390

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To construct a quantitative index system with the integrated medical and nursing care assessment for the elderly service needs, this system can assess the cost of medical and care services accurately and objectively, so as to provide scientific basis for the allocation of old-age service resources in China.@*METHODS@#Based on the survival needs of the Existence, Relation and Growth theory, an index system is constructed through literature analysis, group discussion, and expert correspondence. Analytic hierarchy process was used to determine the weights of indicators at all levels. The 3-grades service items corresponding to each index were quantified through the measurement of working hours, and the medical and nursing care needs of 624 disabled/demented elderly people over 60 years old in Changsha were investigated to evaluate their reliability and validity.@*RESULTS@#The authoritative coefficients of the 2 rounds of expert correspondence were 88.5% and 88.6%, respectively, and the opinion coordination coefficients were 0.159 and 0.167, respectively. The final quantitative evaluation index system included 4 first-level indicators, 17 second-level indicators, and 105 third-level indicators. The service time of doctor ranged from 6.01 to 22.64 min, the service time of nurses ranged from 0.77 to 24.79 min, and the service time of caregiver ranged from 0.12 to 51.88 min. The Cronbach's αcoefficient was 0.73, the split-half reliability was 0.74, the content validity was 0.93, and the calibration validity was 0.781.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The quantitative evaluation index system of medical and nursing service need for the elderly can be used to accurately evaluate the medical and nursing service need.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Middle Aged , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Delphi Technique , Nursing Care , China
17.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 61-68, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971318

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) intervention on the vasoconstriction of cerebral artery smooth muscle cells after cerebral infarction.@*METHODS@#Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups by a random number table: the model group (n=24), the EA group (n=24), and the normal group (n=6). The model and the EA groups were divided into different time subgroups at 0.5, 1, 3, and 6 h after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), with 6 rats in each subgroup. MCAO model was established using intraluminal suture occlusion method. The EA group was given EA treatment at acupoint Shuigou (GV 26) instantly after MCAO for 20 min. The contents of cerebrovascular smooth muscle MLCK, the 3 subunits of myosin light chain phosphatase (MLCP) MYPT1, PP1c-δ and M20, as well as myosin-ATPase activity were detected using immunohistochemistry and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The overall expression level of the MYPT1 and PP1c-δ in the model group was significantly higher (P<0.01). After EA intervention, the 0.5 h group expression level was close to that of the normal group (P>0.05), and the other subgroups were still significantly higher than the normal group (P<0.01). After EA intervention, the expression level of each subgroup was significantly lower than the corresponding model group. There was a significant difference between the 0.5 and 1 h subgroups (P<0.01), while a difference was also observed between the 3 and 6 h subgroups (P<0.05). The dynamic change rule gradually increased with the prolongation of infarction time within 6 h after infarction.@*CONCLUSION@#EA intervention can inhibit contraction of cerebral vascular smooth muscle cells and regulate smooth muscle relaxation by regulating MLCK pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Rats, Wistar , Electroacupuncture , Cerebral Infarction/metabolism , Muscle, Smooth , Acupuncture Points , Brain Ischemia/therapy
18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2644-2655, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981222

ABSTRACT

Nearly a quarter of the world's population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and remains long-term asymptomatic infection. Rv2626c is a latent infection-related protein regulated by DosR of M. tuberculosis. In this study, the Rv2626c protein was prokaryotically expressed and purified, and its immunobiological characteristics were analyzed using RAW264.7 cells and mice as infection models. SDS-PAGE and Western blotting analysis showed that the Rv2626c-His fusion protein was mainly expressed in soluble form and specifically reacted with the rabbit anti-H37RV polyclonal serum. In addition, we found that the Rv2626c protein bound to the surface of RAW264.7 macrophages and up-regulated the production of NO. Moreover, the Rv2626c protein significantly induced the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-6 and MCP-1, and induced strong Th1-tendency immune response. These results may help to reveal the pathogenic mechanism of M. tuberculosis and facilitate the development of new tuberculosis vaccine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Rabbits , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genetics , Tuberculosis , Antigens, Bacterial , Cytokines , Immunity, Cellular
19.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 128-132, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996200

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences in therapeutic effect and prognosis of different molecular subtypes of breast invasive lobular carcinoma treated with nab-paclitaxel, so as to provide a basis for the selection of clinical drugs for breast cancer.Methods:The data of 180 patients with advanced invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast who were treated in Handan Central Hospital and the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2017 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 34 cases of Luminal A type, 92 cases of Luminal B type, 21 cases of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpression type, and 33 cases of triple-negative type. The patients were treated with nab-paclitaxel, and the clinical curative effect was evaluated according to the solid tumor response evaluation criteria version 1.1 after 1 year of treatment, and the objective response rate (ORR) (calculated as complete remission + partial remission) and clinical benefit rate (CBR) (calculated as complete remission + partial remission + stable disease) were calculated; the occurrence of adverse reactions during the treatment was recorded. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) curves for each subtype of patients, and the log-rank method was used to test them.Results:The differences in ORR and CBR among patients with the four subtypes of Luminal A, Luminal B, HER2 overexpression, and triple-negative were statistically significant (all P < 0.001), with the triple-negative type having the lowest ORR and CBR [21.2% (7/33) and 63.6% (21/33)] and the Luminal A type having the highest ORR and CBR [70.6% (24/34) and 100.0% (34/34)]. The ORR and CBR of Luminal B type were 45.7% (42/92) and 90.2% (83/92), and the HER2 overexpression type was 38.1% (8/21) and 90.5% (19/21). The differences in the incidence of myelosuppression, numbness of limbs, joint and muscle pain among the four subtypes were statistically significant (all P < 0.05), with the triple-negative type having the highest incidence of all of the above adverse reactions. The PFS and OS of triple-negative subtype were worse than those of Luminal A, Luminal B and HER2 overexpression subtypes, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:The clinical response and prognosis of patients with different molecular subtypes of invasive lobular carcinoma is significantly different after nab-paclitaxel intervention, among which the prognosis of patients with triple-negative type is the worst, and the clinical medication can be guided according to the pathological test results.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 437-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996104

ABSTRACT

With the changing spectrum of human diseases and people′s pursuit of high-quality life, the scope of medical services required of nurses keep expanding. However, the current legislation in China has not yet granted nurses the right to prescribe, and there was no specific law to regulate related issues, which will inevitably limit the development of nursing work in the extended field. Therefore, the authors explored the concept definition and legal attributes of nurses′ prescription rights from a legal perspective, and proposed to regulate them from the legislative, law enforcement, and relevant supporting institutional levels to ensure the standardized exercise of nurses′ prescription rights.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL