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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 699-702, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922984

ABSTRACT

Intestinal flora imbalance plays a certain role in the development and progression of liver cancer, while probiotics have a certain impact on liver cancer, both of which are the focus of clinical research. This article introduces the mechanism of action of intestinal flora imbalance in the pathogenesis of liver cancer and the preventive effect of probiotics against liver cancer. Intestinal flora imbalance can participate in the pathological process of liver cancer by activating Toll-like receptor 4, regulating the level of metabolites, producing endotoxin, and inducing bacterial translocation and intestinal bacterial overgrowth, while probiotics can effectively prevent liver cancer by maintaining enterohepatic circulation, enhancing immune function, promoting the reproduction of intestinal probiotics, and reducing the toxicity of carcinogens, which can be further studied as the focus of subsequent liver cancer prevention in clinical practice.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 381-386, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920888

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences in platelet and platelet parameters between patients with different types and etiologies of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) and the influence of platelet and its dynamic change on the prognosis of ACLF patients. Methods Clinical data, liver function parameters, platelet, and platelet parameters were collected from 364 patients with ACLF who attended Tianjin Third Central Hospital from January 2014 to December 2018. Platelet level and platelet parameters (platelet distribution width and mean platelet volume) were compared between the patients with different types and etiologies of ACLF, and their influence on the 90-day mortality rate of ACLF patients was analyzed, as well as the association of the dynamic change of platelet at baseline and on days 7 and 14 after admission with the prognosis of patients. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups; the Kruskal-Wallis H test or Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between groups; the Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis; the univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to analyze the parameters associated with prognosis; the repeated measures analysis of variance was used to analyze the dynamic change of platelet; receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted based on platelet level and overall survival. Results The patients with type C ACLF had a significantly lower platelet level than those with type A/B ACLF (all P < 0.001). Compared with the ACLF patients with hepatitis B, the ACLF patients with autoimmune liver diseases had a significant reduction in mean platelet volume ( P =0.035). Based on the cut-off value obtained by the ROC curve analysis, the patients with a platelet level of < 60.5×10 9 /L had a significantly higher mortality rate than those with a platelet level of ≥60.5×10 9 /L ( P =0.006). Platelet level was an independent protective factor against 90-day death in ACLF patients (hazard ratio=0.995, 95% confidence interval: 0.990-0.999, P =0.026), and the mortality rate increased with the reduction in platelet level. The patients with type C ACLF had a significantly higher mortality rate than those with type A ACLF ( P < 0.05), and the death group tended to have a significantly greater reduction in platelet level ( P < 0.05). Compared with the survival group, the 90-day death group had a significantly greater reduction in platelet ( P =0.032). Conclusion There is a difference in platelet level between ACLF patients with different types. Platelet level is an important indicator for the 90-day prognosis of ACLF patients, and patients with a greater dynamic reduction in platelet tend to have a higher 90-day mortality rate.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 347-351, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920883

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the level of glycosylated albumin (GA) in liver cirrhosis patients with different Child-Pugh classes and its application value in predicting liver function. Methods A total of 486 patients with liver cirrhosis who were hospitalized in Tianjin Third Central Hospital from January 1 to December 31, 2019, were enrolled, among whom 227 patients had liver cirrhosis without diabetes and 259 patients had liver cirrhosis with diabetes. The patients were divided into groups according to Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) score, and fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, and percentage of GA (GA%) were measured. The Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between three groups, and the Dwass-Steel-Critchlow-Fligner test was used for further comparison between two groups. Scatter plots and fitting curves were plotted for CTP score and GA% to evaluate the association between them and calculate the cut-off value. Results For the cirrhosis patients without diabetes, there were significant differences between the patients with different Child-Pugh classes in GA% ( χ 2 =24.809, P < 0.001), fasting blood glucose ( χ 2 =11.899, P =0.003), and glycosylated hemoglobin ( χ 2 =13.607, P =0.001); further pairwise comparison showed that there was a significant difference in GA% between Child-Pugh class A/B liver cirrhosis patients without diabetes and Child-Pugh class C liver cirrhosis patients ( P < 0.05), Child-Pugh class A patients had a significantly higher level of fasting blood glucose than Child-Pugh class B patients ( P < 0.05), and Child-Pugh class A patients had a significantly higher level of glycosylated hemoglobin than Child-Pugh class B/C patients ( P < 0.05). For the patients with liver cirrhosis and diabetes, there were significant differences between the patients with different Child-Pugh classes in GA% ( χ 2 =10.734, P =0.005) and fasting blood glucose ( χ 2 =16.295, P < 0.001); further pairwise comparison showed that Child-Pugh class C liver cirrhosis patients with diabetes had a significantly lower GA% than Child-Pugh class A/B patients ( P < 0.05) and Child-Pugh class A patients had a significantly lower fasting blood glucose level than Child-Pugh class B patients ( P < 0.05). The fitting curve showed that GA% increased with the increase in CTP score in the liver cirrhosis patients without diabetes, reached the highest value at the CTP score of 6.5, and then started to decrease, with the lower value at the CTP score of 11.5, which showed a curvilinear relationship; in the liver cirrhosis patients with diabetes, GA% first increased and then decreased with the increase in CTP score, with a cut-off value of 8. Conclusion GA% first increases and then decreases along with the progression of liver cirrhosis. There is a significant difference in GA between liver cirrhosis patients with different Child-Pugh classes, suggesting that the reduction in GA is closely associated with liver function decompensation in end-stage liver cirrhosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913158

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of direct-acting antiviral agent (DAA) in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients with thrombocytopenia and its effect on platelet count (PLT). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for 83 CHC patients with thrombocytopenia (PLT 100×10 9 /L at baseline had a greater increase in PLT( P < 0.05). Conclusion CHC patients with thrombocytopenia have significant improvements in liver function and LSM after receiving DAA treatment and obtaining SVR12, and baseline LSM is an independent predictive factor for PLT elevation. There is a significant increase in PLT from baseline to EOT and SVR12.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911313

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-2 (NOD2) in dorsal root ganglion in the development of neuropathic pain (NP) in rats.Methods:Thirty-two adult male SPF Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 240-260 g, aged 2-3 months, were divided into 4 groups ( n=8 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), NP group (group S), negative control siRAN group (group N), and NOD2-siRNA group (group R). In N and R groups, 1×10 8 IFU/ml negative control siRNA and NOD2-siRNA 10 μl were intrathecally injected, respectively, once a day for 3 consecutive days.Normal saline 10 μl was intrathecally injected once a day for 3 consecutive days in C and S groups.The model of NP was established using spared nerve injury (SNI) at 2 weeks after intrathecal injection.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) was measured at 1 day before surgery and 1, 3, 7, 10, 14 and 28 days after SNI.Animals were sacrificed after measuring pain threshold on day 28, and the dorsal root ganglions (DRGs) of the lumbar segment (L 4-6) were removed for determination of the expression of NOD2 (by Western blot) and expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), IL-6 and NOD2 mRNA (using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction). Results:Compared with group C, MWT was significantly decreased at each time point after SNI, and the expression of NOD2 protein and mRNA and TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 mRNA in DRGs was up-regulated in group NP ( P<0.01). Compared with group NP, MWT was significantly increased at each time point after SNI, and the expression of NOD2 protein and mRNA and TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 mRNA in DRGs was down-regulated in group R ( P<0.01), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group N ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism underlying the development of NP may be related to the up-regulation of NOD2 expression in DRGs, thus further promoting the expression of pro-inflammatory factors in rats.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910836

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the consistency and diagnostic efficiency of Chinese Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Date System (C-TIRADS) in thyroid nodule evaluation by different seniority sonographers.Methods:The preoperative ultrasonographic datum of 134 thyroid nodules in 112 patients from January to November 2020 were independently analyzed by sonographers with different seniority. According to the C-TIRADS guidelines, the C-TIRADS ultrasonographic indicators of each nodule were recorded and C-TIRADS classification was performed. Cohen′s Kappa (K) statistical method was used to analyze the consistency of ultrasonic indicators evaluated by different seniority sonographers. Using postoperative pathological results as the gold standard, the diagnostic efficacy of C-TIRADS classification for differentiating benign and malignant thyroid nodules by junior and senior sonographers was calculated respectively, and the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn respectively.Results:The solid structure and vertical orientation of thyroid nodule judged by different seniority sonographers were very consistent ( K=0.84, 0.81). The consistencies of very hypoechoic and microcalcifications were substantial agreement ( K=0.80, 0.61), and moderate ( K=0.531) for the margin of the nodules. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of distinguishing benign and malignant thyroid nodules by junior and senior sonographers were 91.8%, 65.8%, 77.6%, 69.1%, 90.6% and 96.7%, 67.1%, 80.6%, 71.1%, 96.1%, respectively. The corresponding area under the ROC curves were 0.788 and 0.819, respectively ( Z=1.369, P=0.171). Conclusion:Ultrasonologists with different experience have good consistency in evaluating the C-TIRADS ultrasonic indicators of thyroid nodule, and the diagnostic efficacy of C-TIRADS classification in differentiating benign and malignant thyroid nodule was similar.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910320

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the existing issues in radiation protection during the treatment of 131I by means of measuring the ambient dose equivalent rate to patients with thyroid cancer and the dose equivalent to the surface of chest of patients during hospitalization. Methods:The ambient dose equivalent rate (peer) was measured by using gamma ray detector for selected 78 patients who received 131I treatment in a hospital 10 min, 1 d, 2 d, 3 d and 5 d after administration with 131I. The measurements were made at distances of 5 cm, 0.5 m and 1 m from the body surface in front, rear, left and right directions. The photoluminescence dosimeter on the chest of the patients was used to measure the effective dose during hospitalization period (6 d). Results:The ambient dose equivalent rate on the surface of chest of patients was up to 4.81 mSv/h 10 min after administration of medicine. The dose equivalent on the surface of chest of patients before discharge ranged 2.6-64.1 μSv/h. The cumulative dose on chest surface during hospitalization was 15.9-58.8 mGy. There was a significant difference in the dose rate at 5 cm from the body surface between 3.7 GBq group and 5.55 GBq group 10 min after medication ( t=-6.11, P<0.05). There was a significant difference in the dose rate at 5 cm from the body surface between male and female groups 10 min after medication ( t=4.52, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in other groups ( P > 0.05). Conclusions:During the 131I treatment, patients had high level of radiation around them, so it is necessary to strengthen the protection and management of patients and reduce unnecessary exposure to the public.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886769

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of the water-saving irrigation project on Oncomelania hupensis snail control in hilly regions of Yixing City, Jiangsu Province. Methods A retrospective survey combined with cross-sectional investigation was employed. The implementation of the water-saving irrigation development project in Yixing City from 2005 to 2007 was retrospectively collected, and the snail status was collected in regions where the water-saving irrigation project was located and the project-affected regions from 2003 to 2018, to examine the effect of the project on snail control. In addition, a cross-sectional survey was performed to investigate the destruction of the water-saving irrigation project in 2018. Results A total of 22 water-saving irrigation projects were implemented in 5 townships in hilly regions of Yixing City from 2005 to 2007, where snail habitats were treated covering 266.97 hm2. Before the implementation of the project from 2003 to 2006, cumulative 47.87 hm2 snail habitats were detected in regions where the project was located, and no snails were found in regions where the project was located from the implementation of the project in 2006 to 2018. However, a few snails were found in the project-affected regions in 2017 and 2018. In addition, there were problems found in the later-stage maintenance and management of the project. Conclusions The water-saving irrigation projects shows a high efficiency on snail control in hilly regions of Yixing City. The later-stage maintenance of the project and monitoring of snails remain to be intensified to enhance the snail control efficiency of the water-saving irrigation project.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885760

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of Etifoxine on proliferation and migration of RSC96 (Schwann cells of rat) and its potential molecular mechanisms.Methods:From March, 2020 to October, 2020, cultured RSC96 were treated with 20 μmol/L Etifoxine and saline respectively for 48 h. Cell proliferation was tested by EdU assay using Cell-Light EdU DNA Cell Proliferation Kit and the capability of migration was determined by wound healing assay and a transwell system. To investigate the effects of Etifoxine on CELSR2 protein expression, after treated with different concentrations of Etifoxine at 0-20 μmol/L for 48 hours, cells were subject to Western blot analysis to verify the expression of CELSR2 protein. To explore whether CELSR2 would be a potential target of Etifoxine, siRNA targeting CELSR2 and control siRNA groups were transfected into 20 μmol/L Etifoxine-treated RSC96 using Lipo3000. Again, the cell proliferation and migration of were investigated after 48 hours with the same procedures. The two-tailed Mann-Whitney U test was employed in statistical assessment.Results:EdU results showed a significant higher percentage of Edu-positive (proliferating) cells in the 20 μmol/L Etifoxine-treated group than the control group[(36.30±3.09)% vs (19.40±2.50)%, P<0.05]. Transwell migration assay demonstrated that the number of 20 μmol/L Etifoxine-treated RSC96 which migrated through the transwell membrane was higher than saline group, with significant statistical difference [(132.30±6.77) vs(65.33±7.37), P<0.05]. The percentage of reduction of wound area measured at 24 hours and 36 hours after the scratch also showed the similar results [(30.67±2.16)% vs (23.00±2.61)%; (86.00±2.19)% vs (49.67±2.81)%, respectively, P<0.05]. Besides, with increase of the concentration of etifoxine, the expression of CELSR2 showed an trend of increase in RSC96 ( P<0.05), but no significant statistical difference was found between 10 μmol/L and 20 μmol/L groups ( P>0.05). Interestingly, the rate of cell proliferation, the number of migrating cells and the percentage of wound area reduction of RSC96 in which were treated by Etifoxine and transfected with CELSR2 siRNA were significantly decreased compared with the control siRNA treatment ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Etifoxine could promote proliferation and migration of RSC96. Upregulation of CELSR2 protein expression in RSC96 is associated with the Etifoxine-induced enhancement of cell proliferation and migration.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1289-1298, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878153

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The significant morbidity and mortality resulted from the infection of a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) call for urgent development of effective and safe vaccines. We report the immunogenicity and safety of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, KCONVAC, in healthy adults.@*METHODS@#Phase 1 and phase 2 randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trials of KCONVAC were conducted in healthy Chinese adults aged 18 to 59 years. The participants in the phase 1 trial were randomized to receive two doses, one each on Days 0 and 14, of either KCONVAC (5 or 10 μg/dose) or placebo. The participants in the phase 2 trial were randomized to receive either KCONVAC (at 5 or 10 μg/dose) or placebo on Days 0 and 14 (0/14 regimen) or Days 0 and 28 (0/28 regimen). In the phase 1 trial, the primary safety endpoint was the proportion of participants experiencing adverse reactions/events within 28 days following the administration of each dose. In the phase 2 trial, the primary immunogenicity endpoints were neutralization antibody seroconversion and titer and anti-receptor-binding domain immunoglobulin G seroconversion at 28 days after the second dose.@*RESULTS@#In the phase 1 trial, 60 participants were enrolled and received at least one dose of 5-μg vaccine (n = 24), 10-μg vaccine (n = 24), or placebo (n = 12). In the phase 2 trial, 500 participants were enrolled and received at least one dose of 5-μg vaccine (n = 100 for 0/14 or 0/28 regimens), 10-μg vaccine (n = 100 for each regimen), or placebo (n = 50 for each regimen). In the phase 1 trial, 13 (54%), 11 (46%), and seven (7/12) participants reported at least one adverse event (AE) after receiving 5-, 10-μg vaccine, or placebo, respectively. In the phase 2 trial, 16 (16%), 19 (19%), and nine (18%) 0/14-regimen participants reported at least one AE after receiving 5-, 10-μg vaccine, or placebo, respectively. Similar AE incidences were observed in the three 0/28-regimen treatment groups. No AEs with an intensity of grade 3+ were reported, expect for one vaccine-unrelated serious AE (foot fracture) reported in the phase 1 trial. KCONVAC induced significant antibody responses; 0/28 regimen showed a higher immune responses than that did 0/14 regimen after receiving two vaccine doses.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both doses of KCONVAC are well tolerated and able to induce robust immune responses in healthy adults. These results support testing 5-μg vaccine in the 0/28 regimen in an upcoming phase 3 efficacy trial.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#http://www.chictr.org.cn/index.aspx (No. ChiCTR2000038804, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=62350; No. ChiCTR2000039462, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=63353).


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , Double-Blind Method , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccines, Inactivated/adverse effects
11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1326-1330, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877322

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the risk factors for rebleeding within 5 years and the influencing factors for 5-year survival in patients with liver cirrhosis and severe esophagogastric variceal bleeding (EVB). MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for 129 patients with liver cirrhosis who attended Tianjin Third Central Hospital from May 2012 to May 2014 due to severe EVB for the first time, with a follow-up time of 5 years. Related clinical data were analyzed, including age, sex, cause of liver cirrhosis, presence or absence of infection at the first time of bleeding, liver stiffness measurement (LSM), splenic stiffness measurement (SSM), portal vein diameter, biochemical parameters, rebleeding time, and prognosis. Esophagogastric variceal rebleeding was defined as the primary endpoint and death was defined as the secondary endpoint. The t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; a logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the independent risk factors for rebleeding, and a Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the predictive indicators for 5-year survival in EVB patients; the Kaplan-Meier curve was used to analyze the cumulative non-rebleeding rate. ResultsAmong the 129 patients, 87(67.4%) experienced rebleeding during follow-up. There were significant differences between the rebleeding group and the non-rebleeding group in the proportion of patients with alcoholic cirrhosis (χ2=4.896, P=0.027), portal vein diameter (t=2.203, P=0.030), LSM(Z=-2.771, P=0.006), and SSM(t=2.678, P=0.010). The patients with alcoholic cirrhosis had a significantly higher mean number of times of bleeding than those with non-alcoholic cirrhosis (all P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that alcoholic cirrhosis (odds ratio [OR]=5.687, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.230-26.129, P=0.025), LSM(OR=1.039, 95% CI: 1.010-1.070, P=0007), and SSM(OR=1.078, 95% CI: 1.028-1.129, P=0.001) were independent risk factors for rebleeding within 5 years after treatment in EVB patients. Among the 129 patients, 45 (34.9%) died. The univariate Cox regression analysis showed that there were significant differences between the death group and the survival group in age, times of bleeding, mean arterial pressure, portal vein diameter, aspartate aminotransferase, lymphocyte percentage, and presence or absence of infection at the first time of bleeding (all P<005). Further multivariate analysis showed that 5-year survival rate was associated with portal vein diameter (OR=1.459, 95% CI: 1056-2.014, P=0.022), age (OR=1.053, 95% CI: 1.006-1.103, P=0.026), times of bleeding (OR=1.286, 95% CI: 1.040-1.591, P=0.020), and presence or absence of infection at the first time of bleeding (OR=5.239, 95% CI: 1.750-15.641, P=0.003). ConclusionAlcoholic cirrhosis, LSM, and SSM are independent risk factors for rebleeding within 5 years in EVB patients, and age, times of bleeding, portal vein diameter, and presence or absence of infection at the first time of bleeding are associated with 5-year survival.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 292-300, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781618

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Baicalein has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activities. However, the mechanisms underlying its anti-inflammatory effect on colitis remain unclear.@*METHODS@#A dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced model of acute colitis was established in BALB/c mice (6-8 weeks old, weighing 18-22 g). Six groups of mice received: (1) water for 10 days (control), n = 6; (2) DSS 4% solution in the drinking water for 7 days, followed by normal water for 3 days, n = 7; (3), (4), and (5) as for group 2 plus baicalein (10, 20, 40 mg/kg) administered once daily starting on day 1, n = 6; and (6) as for (2) plus 5-aminosalicylic acid (50 mg/kg) administered once daily starting on day 1, n = 6. Body weights, stool consistency, and hematochezia were recorded, and the severity of colitis was evaluated using a disease activity index. On day 11, the mice were euthanized, and organs and blood were collected for analysis. Serum inflammatory factors were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; CD11b-positive cells were analyzed by immunofluorescence microscopy; expression of retinoic-acid-receptor-related orphan nuclear receptor gamma, sphingosine kinase 1 (SPHK1), and phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3) was detected by immunohistochemistry; and expression of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 2 (NOD2), SPHK1, sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1), total STAT3, and p-STAT3 were detected by western blotting analysis. Inter-group differences were compared using Student's t test.@*RESULTS@#Baicalein treatment dose-dependently reduced DSS-induced weight loss (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05), splenomegaly (P < 0.01), and colonic damage, as reflected by amelioration of diarrhea, rectal bleeding, and colonic ulceration, congestion, edema (shown as colon length, P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), and inflammatory cell infiltration. Baicalein also significantly decreased the levels of inflammatory mediators in the serum (P < 0.01) and colon, and significantly inhibited expression of NOD2 SPHK1, S1PR1, and p-STAT3 in the colon (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Baicalein treatment ameliorated colitis in mice by inhibiting S1P-STAT3 signaling, suggesting that this flavonoid might be beneficial in the treatment of colitis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828680

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the level of neuropsychological development in late preterm infants and early term infants at the age of 1 year.@*METHODS@#A total of 1 257 children with a corrected age of 1 year were enrolled as subjects. According to gestational age at birth, they were divided into an early preterm group (28-33 weeks), a late preterm group (34-36 weeks), an early term group (37-38 weeks), and a full-term group (39-41 weeks). Gesell Developmental Schedules were used to assess the neuropsychological development of the children, and the groups were compared in terms of neuropsychological development at the age of 1 year.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in the developmental quotients of the five functional areas (adaptability, gross motor, fine motor, language and social ability) between the four groups at the age of 1 year (P<0.05), and the full-term infants had the highest development quotients, followed by the early term infants, the late preterm infants, and the early preterm infants (P<0.05). The full-term infants had the lowest rate of developmental delay in each functional area, while the early preterm infants had the highest rate (P<0.05). Compared with the full-term infants, the early term infants had a higher risk of developmental delay in adaptability (OR=1.796, P<0.05), and the late preterm infants had a higher risk of developmental delay in adaptability (OR=2.651, P<0.05) and fine motor (OR=2.679, P<0.05), while the early preterm infants had a higher risk of developmental delay in adaptability (OR=4.069, P<0.05), fine motor (OR=3.710, P<0.05), and social ability (OR=3.515, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The risk of neuropsychological developmental delay decreases with the increase in gestational age in children at the age of 1 year, with a dose-response effect. There are varying degrees of developmental delay in early term infants and late preterm infants, and health care follow-up for early term infants and late preterm infants should be taken seriously.


Subject(s)
Child Development , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pregnancy , Premature Birth
14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2209-2213, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829396

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical effect of elbasvir/grazoprevir in the treatment of patients with genotype 1b chronic hepatitis C (CHC). MethodsA total of 99 patients with genotype 1b CHC and compensated cirrhosis who received elbasvir/grazoprevir treatment for 12 weeks and completed treatment and follow-up for 12 weeks after drug withdrawal in Tianjin Third Central Hospital from December 2018 to October 2019 were enrolled. Related clinical data, serological markers, virological indices, and liver stiffness measurement were collected at baseline, at the end of treatment, and at week 12 after drug withdrawal, and virologic response was observed. The Friedman test and Wilcoxon signed rank sum test were used to observe virologic response rate and the changes in liver function and liver stiffness measurement at the end of treatment and at week 12 after drug withdrawal, and the safety of elbasvir/grazoprevir was evaluated. ResultsFor the 99 patients treated with elbasvir/grazoprevir for 12 weeks, the proportion of patients with HCV RNA below the lower limit of detection was 100% at the end of treatment and 99% at week 12 after drug withdrawal. There were significant reductions in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) from baseline to the end of treatment (Z=-5.857 and -5.941, both P<0.05). Liver stiffness measurement decreased from 10.5 kPa at baseline to 8.0 kPa at week 12 after drug withdrawal (Z=-4.036, P<0.05). Among the 99 patients, 24 patients with compensatory cirrhosis reached a virologic response rate of 100% at the end of treatment and at week 12 after drug withdrawal, as well as significant reductions in ALT and AST from baseline (both P<0.05), and liver stiffness measurement decreased from 21.1 kPa at baseline to 17.5 kPa at the end of treatment (Z=-1.832, P=0.067) and 13.6 kPa at week 12 after drug withdrawal (Z=-3.182, P=0.001). Compared with the non-liver cirrhosis group, the liver cirrhosis group had significantly greater reductions in liver stiffness measurement (P<0.05). The patients had good tolerance throughout the treatment, and 4 patients reported mild adverse events during the treatment. ConclusionPatients with genotype 1b CHC have a high virologic response rate to elbasvir/grazoprevir in the real world, with significant improvements in liver function and liver stiffness measurement and good tolerance.

15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2582-2597, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878513

ABSTRACT

The discovery of antibiotics is a big revolution in human history, and its clinical application has saved countless lives. However, with the widespread and abuse of antibiotics, many pathogens have developed resistance, and even "Super Bacteria" resistance to multiple drugs have evolved. In the arms race between humans and pathogens, humans are about to face a situation where no medicine is available. Research on microbial antibiotic resistance genes, resistance mechanisms, and the spread of resistance has attracted the attention of many scientific researchers, and various antibiotic resistance gene databases and analysis tools have emerged. In this review, we collect the current databases that focus on antibiotics resistance genes, and discuss these databases in terms of database types, data characteristics, antibiotics resistance gene prediction models and the types of analyzable sequences. In addition, a few gene databases of anti-metal ions and anti-biocides are also involved. It is believed that this summary will provide a reference for how to select and use antibiotic resistance gene databases.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Bacterial Infections , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/genetics , Drug Resistance, Microbial/genetics , Humans , Metals
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745261

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the estimation method of medical exposure frequency in China through the survey of diagnostic radiology and radiotherapy institutions in selected provinces.Methods A survey of medical exposure frequency was carried out involving 557 diagnostic radiology and radiotherapy institutions in 25 provinces.The correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were conducted,with the fitting effects of the models with different variables being compared.Results The total medical exposure frequencies highly correlated with number of outpatient,number of equipment and number of radiation workers (| r| >0.5).Representative samples of the daily medical exposure workload were obtained by stratified random sampling from the survey data.Mathematical models were built using the multiple linear regression between total medical exposure frequency and hospital levels,number of outpatients,number of inpatients,number of equipment,and number of radiation workers.The total medical exposure frequency in 2016 was estimated to be 589 million examinations based on the models.In addition,the frequencies of medical procedures were derived using the robust regression and the median regression.Conclusions There are several methods for estimating the total medical exposure frequency.It is desirable to use the stratified random sampling combined with the published statistical and monitoring data.The representativeness of sample is critical.The specification and optimization of models also require further study.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745260

ABSTRACT

To ascertain the background and frequency of diagnostic medical X-ray procedures in China and provide the basis for regulatory oversight of such applications,a total of 557 medical institutions in 25 provinces or municipalities were surveyed by means of the optimally designed questionnaires and through stratified quota sampling.The numbers of procedures were calculated in terms of the type of procedures and the sex and age of examined patients.As a result,the frequencies of diagnostic X-ray procedures for 2016 in the country were derived using multiple linear regression analysis.The frequency of X-ray diagnosis in 10 provinces of China in 2016 was estimated to be 379-1 228 examinations per 1 000 population.Diagnostic X-ray applications have shown a rapid expansion in 2016 as compared with the period of "9th Five-Year Plan".It is very important to strengthen the regulation of medical diagnostic X-ray applications.

18.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1259-1268, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763234

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to subdivide M1 stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients with bone-only metastases for prognosis prediction while identifying the treatment effect of locoregional radiotherapy (LRRT) and metastasis radiotherapy (MRT) among patients with different risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From November 2006 to October 2016, a total of 226 patients with bone-only metastasic NPC were retrospectively enrolled. All patients developed distant lesions before receiving treatment. All potential prognostic factors were considered and the correlation of the M1 subdivisions with overall survival (OS) was determined by Cox regression hazards model. Kaplan–Meier curves were used to appraise survival condition and log-rank testing was used to compare the differences. RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 33.9 months (range, 3 to 126 months). According to multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis, the number of metastatic lesions and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA status after palliative chemotherapy (PCT) were independent prognostic factors for OS. Thus, we subdivided patients into three risk groups according to these two factors. Systemic chemotherapy combined with LRRT may benefit patients in low- and intermediate-risk groups but not in the high-risk group. Further aggressive MRT based on systemic chemotherapy showed no survival benefit in any risk group. CONCLUSION: The stratification of NPC patients with bone-only metastasis based on EBV DNA after PCT and the number of metastatic lesions provided promising prognostic value and could aid clinicians in person-specific treatment.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , DNA , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies
19.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1449-1463, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763215

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the survival trends and patterns of failure in patients with stage II nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with radiotherapy (RT) and chemotherapy over the last 20 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight hundred and eight patients diagnosed with stage II NPC between January 1990 and December 2012 were involved in this retrospective cohort study. All patients were treated with RT. According to the main imaging techniques and RT technology, we categorized these patients into four calendar periods: 1990-1996, 1997-2002, 2003-2007, and 2008-2012. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), locoregional relapse-free survival (LRFS), and distant metastasis–free survival (DMFS) were served as the clinical outcome. RESULTS: After a median follow-up period of 84.7 months, we observed increasing trends in survival and disease control. The 3- and 5-year OS rates increased from 87.1% and 78.7% in the first calendar period to 97.4% and 94.5% in the last calendar period, respectively (p<0.001). Additionally, significant increasing trends could be seen in the PFS and LRFS during the four calendar periods. In the subgroup analysis, the LRFS in patients older than 50 years at diagnosis showed greater improvement than younger patients. However, the rate of distant metastasis was stable and relatively low, as the 5-year DMFS ranged from 90.5% to 94.7% among the four calendar periods. CONCLUSION: The survival rates in patients with stage II NPC showed increasing trends from 1990 to 2012. The advance of RT provided excellent locoregional control and enhanced OS.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751697

ABSTRACT

The occurrence and progress of tumor is the result of the interaction of heredity and epigenetics. Histone deacetylation modification,as an important epigenetic modification,plays an important role in tumorigenesis and development. The abnormal expression of histone deacetylase in normal tissues and cells promotes the development of tumor and is related to the proliferation and apoptosis,angiogenesis,metastasis and drug resistance of tumor cells,and becomes a new target of tumor therapy. Histone deacetylase inhibitors as anti-tumor drugs have a good prospect of application.

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