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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 57-60, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005906

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the health status of workers exposed to noise in a brewery in Beijing and to analyze the relationship between hearing loss and blood pressure. Methods A total of 949 noise-exposed workers in a brewery who participated in occupational health examination were selected as the investigation subjects. A survey was conducted to investigate the pure tone hearing threshold and abnormal blood pressure of the workers with different characteristics, and to analyze the relationship between the two. Results Among the noise-exposed workers, the detection rates of hearing abnormality, hypertension, and increased systolic and diastolic blood pressure were 73.55%, 52.37%, 43.84% and 46.47%, respectively. The detection rates of hearing abnormality, indicators of hypertension, high frequency hearing threshold abnormality and increased binaural high frequency hearing threshold on average in males were higher than those in females (P 0.05), the detection rates of other hearing abnormality, indicators of hypertension, speech frequency hearing threshold abnormality, high frequency hearing threshold abnormality,increased binaural high frequency hearing threshold on average and the weighted value of the better ear's hearing threshold all increased or had an increasing trend with the increase of age or working years (P< 0.05). The detection rates of hypertension in the groups with high frequency hearing threshold abnormality and increased binaural high frequency hearing threshold on average were higher than those in the normal group (P<0.05). Conclusion The noise-exposed workers in the brewery have hearing impairment, which is related to the occurrence of hypertension. It is recommended to strengthen the publicity and education on noise protection and take protective measures to reduce the occurrence of occupational noise injury.

2.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 169-174, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989334

ABSTRACT

In recent years, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have made great progress in the treatment of tumor patients, prolonging their survival. However, the expansion of immunity against tumors with ICIs may also cause an imbalance in immune tolerance, leading to immune-related adverse events (irAEs). Immune-mediated liver injury caused by ICIs (ILICI) is one of the more common types of irAEs. In this review paper, the definition, epidemiology, risk factors, pathogenesis, pathology, clinical manifestations, treatment, recurrence, and re-treatment of ILICI were summarized to provide a basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 365-371, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988136

ABSTRACT

Objective To calculate the doses and their dose conversion coefficients for the personnel whose organs were under accidental exposure to three types of X-ray machines and two γ radiation sources, and to provide a simple method for rapid estimation of accidental doses. Methods The radiation source models of X-ray machines and two γ sources were established with the FLUKA simulation software and a Chinese reference voxel phantom was imported. The organ absorbed dose, dose conversion coefficient between organ absorbed dose and air Kerma, and conversion coefficient between organ absorbed dose and radiation source were calculated for a simulated scenario where the personnel were under antero-posterior exposure to radiation sources 1 meter away. Results For the lungs, heart, muscles, soft tissue, liver, skin, and brain, the conversion coefficient between organ absorbed dose and air Kerma was 0.30-1.19 (Gy/Gy). For X-ray machines, the conversion coefficient between organ absorbed dose and output for the six organs ranged from 6.12 × 10−3 to 2.90 × 10−2 Gy·m2/(mA·min). For γ radiation sources, the conversion coefficient between organ absorbed dose and activity for the six organs ranged from 1.12 × 10−8 to 7.01 × 10−8 Gy·m2/(GBq·s). Conclusion The conversion coefficient between organ absorbed dose and air Kerma and the conversion coefficient between organ absorbed dose and output or activity of a flaw detector can provide important dosimetric parameters for rapid assessment of similar radiation accidents.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2614-2622, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998817

ABSTRACT

‍ ObjectiveTo investigate the value of preoperative fibrosis 4 score (FIB-4) combined with prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in predicting recurrence after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 365 patients with the initial diagnosis of early-stage HCC who underwent RFA at Tianjin Third Central Hospital from January 2013 to December 2017, and a statistical analysis was performed for recurrence and survival. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted for FIB-4 and PNI with postoperative tumor recurrence as the positive event, and their optimal cut-off values were selected. FIB-4 and PNI were graded and combined as FIB-4-PNI score, based on which the patients were divided into 0-point group with 207 patients, 1-point group with 93 patients, and 2-point group with 65 patients. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the log-rank test were used to compare the recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) between groups, and the Cox regression model was used to investigate the influencing factors for RFS and OS. ResultsThe 1-, 3-, and 5-year RFS rates of all patients were 79.2%, 49.8%, and 34.3%, respectively, with a median RFS of 35 months, while the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates of all patients were 98.9%, 86.9%, and 77.3%, respectively. There were significant differences in cumulative RFS and OS rates between the patients with different levels of FIB-4, PNI, and FIB-4-PNI (RFS rate: χ2=17.890, 29.826, and 32.397, all P<0.001; OS rate: χ2=16.896, 21.070, and 26.121, all P<0.001). The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that history of diabetes (hazard ratio [HR]=1.418, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.046‍ ‍—‍ ‍1.922, P=0.024), two tumors (HR=1.516, 95%CI: 1.094‍ ‍—‍ ‍2.101, P=0.012), three tumors (HR=2.146, 95%CI: 1.278‍ ‍—‍ ‍3.604, P=0.004), FIB-4-PNI 1 point (HR=1.875, 95%CI: 1.385‍ ‍—‍ ‍2.539, P<0.001), and FIB-4-PNI 2 points (HR=2.35, 95%CI: 1.706‍ ‍—‍ ‍3.236, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for RFS, while two tumors (HR=1.732, 95%CI: 1.005‍ ‍—‍ ‍2.983, P=0.048), three tumors (HR=3.511, 95%CI: 1.658‍ ‍—‍ ‍7.433, P=0.001), FIB-4-PNI 1 point (HR=2.094, 95%CI: 1.230‍ ‍—‍ ‍3.565, P=0.006), and FIB-4-PNI 2 points (HR=3.908, 95%CI: 2.306‍ ‍—‍ ‍6.624, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for OS. ConclusionFIB-4-PNI score can be used as an independent predictive factor for recurrence and overall survival time after RFA for early-stage HCC, and it can be combined with tumor features to predict postoperative recurrence and survival.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2065-2069, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998491

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the efficacy of epithelial-off accelerated corneal cross-linking(CXL)in the treatment of advanced keratoconus.METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on data collected from 32 patients(43 eyes)with advanced keratoconus who underwent epithelial-off accelerated CXL at Ningxia Eye Hospital from April 2020 to December 2021. Slit-lamp, intraocular pressure, uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA), corrected visual acuity, specular microscope, Pentacam and Corvis ST were tested before and at 1, 3 and 6mo after surgery. Preoperative and postoperative corneal condition, UCVA, best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)and the values of corneal endothelial, maximum keratometry(Kmax), thinnest corneal thickness(TCT), anterior and posterior surfaces of the cornea K1, K2, biomechanically corrected intraocular pressure(bIOP), applanation time 1(A1T), applanation length 1(A1L), applanation velocity 1(A1V), applanation time 2(A2T), applanation length 2(A2L), applanation velocity 2(A2V), highest concavity deformation amplitude(HCDA), radius at highest curvature(HCR), highest concavity peak distance(HCPD)and stiffness parameter at first applanation(SP-A1)were recorded.RESULTS: There were differences between UCVA(LogMAR; 1.06±0.49, 0.78±0.39)and BCVA(LogMAR; 0.48±0.34, 0.38±0.29)before and at 6mo after surgery(P&#x003C;0.05), but there were no differences in corneal endothelial cells(2917.39±288.38 vs. 2959.19±336.27 cells/mm2, P=0.477). There were differences among Kmax, TCT, anterior surface K1 and K2 and posterior surface K1 before and after surgery(P&#x003C;0.05), and all increased at 1mo after surgery then returned to preoperative level at 3mo after surgery, while there was no difference in the posterior K2. Furthermore, there were statistical significance in A1T, HCPD and SP-A1 before and after surgery(P&#x003C;0.05), while there were no statistical significance in A1L, A1V,A2T, A2L, A2V, HCDA, HCR and bIOP(P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION: Epithelial-off accelerated CXL can prevent the progression of keratoconus within half year after surgery, and it has certain safety.

6.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 294-298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978520

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse the epidemiological characteristics of imported malaria cases after malaria elimination in Yixing City, Jiangsu Province, so as to provide reference for malaria prevention and control in grassroots healthcare institutions. Methods All data pertaining to malaria cases reported in Yixing City from 2016 to 2022 were retrieved from Chinese Disease Control and Prevention Information System, and the data pertaining to vector monitoring and human malaria parasite infections from 2016 to 2022 were collected for a descriptive statistical analysis. Results A total of 14 imported malaria cases were reported in Yixing City from 2016 to 2022, including 12 cases with Plasmodium falciparum malaria, one case with P. vivax malaria and one case with P. ovale malaria, and all cases acquired infections in Africa and then returned to Yixing City. Malaria cases were reported across 2016 to 2022 except in 2020 and 2021. Malaria cases were predominantly reported during the period between December and February of the next year, and workers were the predominant occupation. The institutions where malaria was initially diagnosed included county-level general hospitals, county-level disease prevention and control institutions and grassroots healthcare centers, and there were 10 cases with definitive diagnosis of malaria on the day of initial diagnosis, with a 64.29% (9/14) correct rate of initial diagnosis. There were 5 cases diagnosed with severe malaria, and the standardized response rate was 100.00% following the “1-3-7” surveillance and response strategy. Of all malaria vectors, only Anopheles sinensis was monitored in Yixing City from 2016 to 2022, and all humans were tested negative for blood smears exceptimportedmalariacases. Conclusions The correct rate of initial malaria diagnosis was not high in healthcare institutions in Yixing City from 2016 to 2022, and there are still multiple challenges for prevention of re-establishment of imported malaria.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 606-612, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971899

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of total bilirubin rebound rate (TBRR), total bilirubin clearance rate (TBCR), and TBCR after 1 week of treatment (ΔTBCR) in evaluating the short-term prognosis of patients with severe drug-induced liver injury (DILI) after artificial liver support therapy. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for 203 patients with severe DILI who received artificial liver support therapy in Tianjin Third Central Hospital from September 2013 to December 2021, and general information, biochemical parameters, and clinical classification were collected. The patients were divided into improved group and unhealed group according to the prognosis at discharge, and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, TBRR, TBCR, and ΔTBCR were calculated. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to investigate the value of assessment indices in predicting the prognosis of patients, and the Kaplan-Meier method was used to investigate the difference in the length of hospital stay in the context of different assessment indices. Results Compared with the unhealed group, the improved group had significantly lower age ( t =-2.762, P < 0.05), white blood cell count ( Z =-3.184, P < 0.05), total bilirubin ( t =-2.809, P < 0.05), conjugated bilirubin ( t =-2.739, P < 0.05), international normalized ratio ( Z =-2.357, P < 0.05), MELD score ( t =-3.090, P < 0.05), and TBRR ( t =-4.749, P < 0.05), as well as significantly higher albumin ( t =2.198, P < 0.05), prothrombin time activity ( t =2.018, P < 0.05), TBCR ( t =2.166, P < 0.05), and ΔTBCR ( t =9.549, P < 0.05). MELD score, TBRR, TBCR, and ΔTBCR had an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.656, 0.727, 0.611, and 0.879, respectively, and ΔTBCR had a better predictive value than TBRR ( Z =3.169, P =0.001 5). The optimal cut-off value was 22.5% for TBRR (with a sensitivity of 94.6% and a specificity of 45.2%) and 27.4% for ΔTBCR (with a sensitivity of 77.7% and a specificity of 86.5%). ΔTBCR showed a good predictive value in different clinicopathological types, with extremely high sensitivity (91.4%) and specificity (100.0%) in evaluating the treatment outcome of patients with mixed-type DILI after artificial liver support therapy. Conclusion TBRR and ΔTBCR have a higher value than MELD score in evaluating the short-term prognosis of patients with severe DILI after artificial liver support therapy, among which ΔTBCR has a higher predictive value.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4087-4096, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008604

ABSTRACT

To understand the current quality status and rearing situation of Bombyx Batryticatus, the authors collected 102 batches of Bombyx Batryticatus from different main producing areas and five major Chinese medicine markets from 2016 to 2018, and measured the properties and quality of the silk gland, to clarify the quality status of Bombyx Batryticatus from different producing areas and markets. In addition, 35 batches of Bombyx Batryticatus from 2019 to 2022 were used to verify the silk gland after revision. Moreover, Beauveria Bassiana was inoculated in the silkworm of 4-5 instars, and standardized rearing was carried out until they die. The death rate and the quality of Bombyx Batryticatus were measured to determine the differences in Bombyx Batryticatus of different instars, and explore the rationality of the infection age of Bombyx Batryticatus in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020). The results revealed that in the 102 batches of Bombyx Batryticatus, the qualification rate of silk gland was low; the content of total ash far exceeded the standard; the content of beauvericin varied greatly. The qualification rate of the silk gland of the 35 batches of Bombyx Batryticatus was only 47.49%, which could be increased to 73.00% if the number of silk gland was 2 to 4. The death rate of Bombyx Batryticatus at different infection ages was quite different, with uneven quality. Generally, the yield of Bombyx Batryticatus inoculated on the first day of the fifth instar was high with good quality. Therefore, in combination with the quality and actual production of Bombyx Batryticatus, the following suggestions were proposed for revision of Bombyx Batryticatus in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2025): The number of silk gland should be revised as 2-4 bright brown or bright black silk glands, after which, the quality of Bombyx Batryticatus could be guaranteed, and the "quality identification based on character" could also be reflected scientifically; the content determination index that the content of beauvericin shall not be less than 0.017% should be added to better control the quality of Bombyx Batryticatus; the infection age should be revised as the first day of the fifth instar to narrow the age span, which could better fit the actual production and ensure the quality of Bombyx Batryticatus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bombyx , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Silk , Larva
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3743-3752, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981507

ABSTRACT

Radiation-induced intestinal injury(RIII), a common complication of radiotherapy for pelvic malignancies, affects the quality of life and the radiotherapy efficacy for cancer. Currently, the main clinical approaches for the prevention and treatment of RIII include drug therapy, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and surgical treatment. Among these methods, drug therapy is cost-effective. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) containing a variety of active components demonstrates mild side effects and good efficacy in preventing and treating RIII. Studies have proven that TCM active components, such as flavonoids, terpenoids, phenylpropanoids, and alkaloids, can protect the intestine against RIII by inhibiting oxidative stress, regulating the expression of inflammatory cytokines, modulating the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway, adjusting intestinal flora, and suppressing cell apoptosis. These mechanisms can help alleviate the symptoms of RIII. The paper aims to provide a theoretical reference for the discovery of new drugs for the prevention and treatment of RIII by reviewing the literature on TCM active components in the last 10 years.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Quality of Life , Intestines , Alkaloids
10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 389-395, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984734

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct a new co-cultured liver cancer research model composed of activated hepatic stellate cells (aHSC) and liver cancer cells, explore the efficacy difference between it and traditional model, so as to establish a liver cancer research model in vitro and in vivo that can reflect the real clinical efficacy. Methods: A new co-culture model of liver cancer consisting of aHSC and liver cancer cells was constructed. The differences in efficacy between the new co-culture model and the traditional single cell model were compared by cytotoxicity test, cell migration test, drug retention test and in vivo tumor inhibition test. Western blot was used to detect the drug-resistant protein P-gp and epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related proteins. Masson staining was used to observe the deposition of collagen fibers in tumor tissues of tumor-bearing mice. CD31 immunohistochemical staining was used to observe the microvessel density in tumor tissues of tumor-bearing mice. Results: The cytotoxicity of single cell model and co-culture model was dose-dependent. With the increase of curcumin (CUR) concentration, the cell viability decreased, but the cell viability of single cell model decreased faster than that of co-culture model. When the concentration of CUR was 10 μg/ml, the cell viability of the co-culture model was 62.3% and the migration rate was (28.05±3.68)%, which were higher than those of the single cell model [38.5% and (14.91±5.92)%, both P<0.05]. Western blot analysis showed that the expressions of P-gp and vimentin were up-regulated in the co-culture model, which were 1.55 and 2.04 fold changes of the single cell model, respectively. The expression of E-cadherin was down-regulated, and the expression level of E-cadherin in the single cell model was 1.17 fold changes of the co-culture model. Drug retention experiment showed that the co-culture model could promote drug efflux and reduce drug retention. In vivo tumor inhibition experiment showed that the m-HSC+ H22 co-transplantation model had faster tumor growth and larger tumor volume than those of the H22 single cell transplantation model. After CUR treatment, the tumor growths of m-HSC+ H22 co-transplantation model and H22 single cell transplantation model were inhibited. Masson staining showed that the deposition of collagen fibers in tumor tissues of m-HSC+ H22 co-transplantation model mice was more than that of H22 single cell transplantation model. CD31 immunohistochemical staining showed that the microvessel density in tumor tissue of m-HSC+ H22 co-transplantation model was higher than that of H22 single cell transplantation model. Conclusions: The aHSC+ liver cancer cell co-culture model has strong proliferation and metastasis ability and is easy to be resistant to drugs. It is a new type of liver cancer treatment research model superior to the traditional single cell model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Tumor Microenvironment , Coculture Techniques , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Cadherins , Curcumin/pharmacology , Collagen , Cell Line, Tumor
11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 70-76, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960707

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the clinical characteristics of acute-on-chronic liver failure in patients with recompensatory hepatitis B cirrhosis. Methods A total of 180 patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure hospitalized in Tianjin Third Central Hospital from September 2013 to September 2021 were retrospectively collected, with 110 patients had compensatory hepatitis B cirrhosis and 70 patients had compensatory hepatitis B cirrhosis and used as the control. Their causes, clinical biochemical indicators, complication rate, and prognosis were compared. The Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical variables between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was performed for analysis of the continuous variables. Kaplan-Meier curves and Log-rank test were used for survival of patients. Results The incidence of hepatorenal syndrome ( χ 2 =4.618, P =0.032), infection ( χ 2 =6.712, P =0.010), Cr ( Z =-4.508, P < 0.001), and PCT ( Z =-2.052, P =0.040) were all higher, whereas GGT ( Z =-2.042, P =0.041), Na ( Z =-2.001, P =0.045), FBS ( Z =-3.065, P =0.002), and TC ( Z =-4.268, P < 0.001) were all lower in the recompensation group than in the control group of patients. However, 90-day mortality rate ( χ 2 =3.366, P =0.067) and 1-year mortality rate ( χ 2 =1.893, P =0.169), 90-day survival ( χ 2 =2.68, P =0.100), and 1-year survival ( χ 2 =2.074, P =0.150) were not statistically significant difference. Conclusion Compared with compensatory hepatitis B cirrhosis, patients with recompensatory cirrhosis had an increased risk in developing hepatorenal syndrome, infection, and increased creatinine level after acute-on-chronic liver failure, although there was no statistically significant difference in 90-days and 1-year survival of patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 94-97, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of the autophagy in hydrogen-induced reduction of myocardial injury in septic mice.Methods:A total of 192 clean-grade healthy male C57BL/6J mice, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 6 groups ( n=32 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group Sham), sham operation plus hydrogen group (group Sham+ H 2), sepsis group (group S), sepsis plus hydrogen group (group S+ H 2), sepsis plus bafilomycin A1 group (group S+ BafA1) and sepsis plus hydrogen plus bafilomycin A1 group (group S+ H 2+ BafA1). Sepsis was produced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) after anesthesia. The mice inhaled 2% hydrogen for 1 h starting from 1 and 6 h after operation in group Sham+ H 2, group S+ H 2 and group S+ H 2+ BafA1. Bafilomycin A1 1 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 1 h after operation in S+ BafA1 and S+ H 2+ BafA1 groups. Twenty mice in each group were selected to record the 7-day survival rates after operation. Then the mice were sacrificed at 24 h after operation to observe the pathological changes of myocardial tissues which were scored and detect the serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI) concentration (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and determine the level of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 B (LC3B) and P62 (by Western blot). LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰratio was calculated. Results:Compared with group Sham, the 7-day survival rate after operation was significantly decreased, the serum cTnI concentrations and pathological scores of myocardial tissues were increased, the expression of P62 was up-regulated ( P<0.05), no significant change was found in LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰratio ( P>0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group Sham+ H 2 ( P>0.05). Compared with group S, the 7-day survival rate after operation was significantly increased, the serum cTnI concentrations and pathological scores of myocardial tissues were decreased, LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰratio was increased, and the expression of P62 was down-regulated in group S+ H 2, and LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰratio was significantly decreased, and the expression of P62 was up-regulated in group S+ BafA1 ( P<0.05). Compared with group S+ H 2, the 7-day survival rate was significantly decreased, the serum cTnI concentrations and pathological scores of myocardial tissues were increased, LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰratio was decreased, and the expression of P62 was up-regulated in group Sham+ H 2 ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The mechanism by which hydrogen alleviates myocardial damage may be related to promoting autophagy in septic mice.

13.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 931-935, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923312

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has brought great threats and challenges to global public health and has changed the priorities of medical resource allocation. A considerable proportion of patients with liver injury is observed during the clinical diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19, especially in those with a severe or critical illness. This article summarizes the epidemiology, mechanism, clinical features, and treatment of liver injury caused by COVID-19, in order to help clinicians with decision making and treatment optimization.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 61-66, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932564

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility of reducing the radiation dose on coronary artery calcium score (CS) of virtual non-contrast (VNC) scanning in dual-layer spectral coronary CT angiography(CCTA).Methods:One hundred and twenty-two patients were examined on a dual-layer spectral detector CT scanner from March 2019 to August 2020. Volume CT dose index (CTDI vol), dose length product (DLP), effective dose ( E) were all evaluated for each patient. CS was calculated from both true non-contrast (TNC) and VNC images for left anterior descending (LAD), left circumflex (LCx), right coronary artery (RCA), and the total coronary artery (Total) by two radiologists independently. Pearson′s correlation coefficient was calculated for measuring the association between variables. The correction coefficients of each branch (λ LAD, λ LCx, and λ RCA) and the average correction coefficient (λ AVG) of the total coronary artery were obtained. The calibrated calcium score (CCS_VNC) was equal to λ multiplied by CS_VNC. The CS_TNC and CCS_VNC were compared using repeated oneway analysis of variance test. Correlation analyses for CS_TNC and CCS_VNC and agreement evaluation with Bland-Altman-Plots were performed. Results:The average effective doses in TNC, CCTA and total group were 0.69, 6.47 and 7.16 mSv, respectively. The effective dose was reduced by 10.6% and the scan time was reduced by 39% while using VNC images. There were significant differences among the CS_TNC and CS_VNC of LAD, LCx, RCA and Total ( t=6.75, 5.33, 4.99, 6.60, P< 0.05). Excellent correlations were observed between CS_VNC and CS_TNC ( R2 values were 0.929, 0.896, 0.958, and 0.918; λ values were 2.18, 1.18, 2.15, and 2.07, respectively). There were no significant statistically difference among the CS_TNC, CCS_VNC AVG, and CCS_VNC LAD/RCA of the LAD and RCA (all P> 0.05). The difference was statistically significant among the CS_TNC, CCS_VNC AVG, and CCS_VNC LCx of the LCx ( F=10.94, P<0.05). The paired comparison were performed in groups and the differences were statistically significant between the CS_TNC versus CCS_VNC AVGand CCS_VNC AVG versus CCS_VNC LCx ( t=3.31, 3.43, all P<0.05). There was no significant statistically difference between the CCS_VNC LCx and CCS_VNC AVG( P>0.05). Conclusions:It was feasible to accurately evaluate the CS_VNC from spectral data in comparison to TNC imaging, and to reduce the patient radiation dose and acquisition time.

15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 366-370,376, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932071

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between circulating tumor cell (CTC) detection, RAS/RAF gene mutation and clinicopathological characteristics in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC).Methods:The Amplification Refractory Mutation System (ARMS)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used to detect the gene mutation in the tumor tissues of 138 CRC patients in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from May 2017 to May 2020. At the same time, the venous blood of 138 patients was collected and enriched for CTC genotyping by mRNA in situ hybridization. The correlation between CTC, RAS/RAF gene mutation and clinicopathological features of CRC patients was analyzed.Results:The mutation rates of KRAS, NRAS and BRAF genes were 48.6%(67/138), 5.1%(7/138) and 1.4%(2/138), respectively; The overall positive rate of CTC was 84.1%(116/138). The positive rates of different CTC types were: 23.1%(32/138) in epithelial type, 71.7%(99/138) in mixed type and 12.3%(17/138) in interstitial type respectively. The positive rate of CTC in CRC patients with clinical stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ, lymph node metastasis (N1-N3) and distant metastasis (M1) was significantly higher than that in CRC patients with stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ, no lymph node metastasis (N0) and no distant metastasis (M0) (all P<0.05). The total number of CTC, mixed CTC and interstitial CTC were positively correlated with clinical stage, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis (all P<0.05). RAS/RAF gene mutation, gender, age, tumor location and tumor differentiation did not affect the positive rate of CTC (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The results of CTC typing are of great research significance for comprehensive treatment, prognosis assessment and stratified management of CRC, among which the interstitial type of CTC may be a high risk factor for the recurrence and metastasis of CRC.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 364-377, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929300

ABSTRACT

Up to 70% of patients with late-stage breast cancer have bone metastasis. Current treatment regimens for breast cancer bone metastasis are palliative with no therapeutic cure. Disseminated tumor cells (DTCs) colonize inside the osteogenic niches in the early stage of bone metastasis. Drug delivery into osteogenic niches to inhibit DTC colonization can prevent bone metastasis from entering its late stage and therefore cure bone metastasis. Here, we constructed a 50% DSS6 peptide conjugated nanoparticle to target the osteogenic niche. The osteogenic niche was always located at the endosteum with immature hydroxyapatite. Arsenic-manganese nanocrystals (around 14 nm) were loaded in osteogenic niche-targeted PEG-PLGA nanoparticles with an acidic environment-triggered arsenic release. Arsenic formulations greatly reduced 4T1 cell adhesion to mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)/preosteoblasts (pre-OBs) and osteogenic differentiation of osteoblastic cells. Arsenic formulations also prevented tumor cell colonization and dormancy via altering the direct interaction between 4T1 cells and MSCs/pre-OBs. The chemotactic migration of 4T1 cells toward osteogenic cells was blocked by arsenic in mimic 3D osteogenic niche. Systemic administration of osteogenic niche-targeted arsenic nanoparticles significantly extended the survival of mice with 4T1 syngeneic bone metastasis. Our findings provide an effective approach for osteogenic niche-specific drug delivery and suggest that bone metastasis can be effectively inhibited by blockage of tumor cell colonization in the bone microenvironment.

17.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 670-672, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956032

ABSTRACT

Chest compressions are a key component of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The determination of the optimal compression point (OCP) in adult CPR is an indispensable critical factor for high quality chest compressions (CCs). At present, the OCP for adult CPR is still controversial, which still needs further research and discussion. To provide theoretical reference for determining the OCP, this paper reviews the research progress of the OCP of adult CPR from the development process of compression point and hemodynamic mechanism, so as to improve the quality of CCs and the outcome of cardiac arrest (CA) patients.

18.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 93-98,111, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954198

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of death within two years of the patients with liver cirrhosis after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt(TIPS), and to explore the predictive value of 6 common clinical evaluation systems on the risk of death after TIPS.Methods:TIPS clinical data from 132 patients with liver cirrhosis were analyzed retrospectively. According to the 2-year clinical outcome after TIPS, the patients were divided into the death group and the survival group. Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of death within 2 years after TIPS. According to the scores of CTP, MELD, MELD Na, BioCliM, FIB-4, and ALBI evaluation systems, the prediction efficiency of death risk of the six evaluation systems was evaluated by using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and the area under the curve (AUC).Results:During the 2-year follow-up period after TIPS, the age, urea nitrogen level, platelet count, and proportion of hepatic encephalopathy in the death group were higher than those in the survival group one month after TIPS, and the serum sodium level was lower than those in the survival group (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the elderly and hepatic encephalopathy one month after operation were independent risk factors for death (all P<0.05). At 1 week after the surgery, there were significant differences in CTP, MELD, and MELD-Na scores between the survival group and the death group (all P<0.05). One week after operation, the AUC of ROC of CTP, MELD, MELD-Na, and ALBI scores were 0.685, 0.721, 0.805, and 0.658 respectively, and the optimal critical values were 8.5, 12.99, 14.51 and -1.52 respectively. Conclusions:The elderly and the occurrence of hepatic encephalopathy one month after TIPS are independent risk factors for the death of liver cirrhosis patients after TIPS. The evaluation of CTP, MELD, MELD-Na, and ALBI one week after TIPS can predict the death risk of decompensated liver cirrhosis patients within 2 years after TIPS, and MELD-Na has the best predictive effect.

19.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 91-96, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913158

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of direct-acting antiviral agent (DAA) in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients with thrombocytopenia and its effect on platelet count (PLT). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for 83 CHC patients with thrombocytopenia (PLT 100×10 9 /L at baseline had a greater increase in PLT( P < 0.05). Conclusion CHC patients with thrombocytopenia have significant improvements in liver function and LSM after receiving DAA treatment and obtaining SVR12, and baseline LSM is an independent predictive factor for PLT elevation. There is a significant increase in PLT from baseline to EOT and SVR12.

20.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 381-386, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920888

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences in platelet and platelet parameters between patients with different types and etiologies of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) and the influence of platelet and its dynamic change on the prognosis of ACLF patients. Methods Clinical data, liver function parameters, platelet, and platelet parameters were collected from 364 patients with ACLF who attended Tianjin Third Central Hospital from January 2014 to December 2018. Platelet level and platelet parameters (platelet distribution width and mean platelet volume) were compared between the patients with different types and etiologies of ACLF, and their influence on the 90-day mortality rate of ACLF patients was analyzed, as well as the association of the dynamic change of platelet at baseline and on days 7 and 14 after admission with the prognosis of patients. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups; the Kruskal-Wallis H test or Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between groups; the Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis; the univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to analyze the parameters associated with prognosis; the repeated measures analysis of variance was used to analyze the dynamic change of platelet; receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted based on platelet level and overall survival. Results The patients with type C ACLF had a significantly lower platelet level than those with type A/B ACLF (all P < 0.001). Compared with the ACLF patients with hepatitis B, the ACLF patients with autoimmune liver diseases had a significant reduction in mean platelet volume ( P =0.035). Based on the cut-off value obtained by the ROC curve analysis, the patients with a platelet level of < 60.5×10 9 /L had a significantly higher mortality rate than those with a platelet level of ≥60.5×10 9 /L ( P =0.006). Platelet level was an independent protective factor against 90-day death in ACLF patients (hazard ratio=0.995, 95% confidence interval: 0.990-0.999, P =0.026), and the mortality rate increased with the reduction in platelet level. The patients with type C ACLF had a significantly higher mortality rate than those with type A ACLF ( P < 0.05), and the death group tended to have a significantly greater reduction in platelet level ( P < 0.05). Compared with the survival group, the 90-day death group had a significantly greater reduction in platelet ( P =0.032). Conclusion There is a difference in platelet level between ACLF patients with different types. Platelet level is an important indicator for the 90-day prognosis of ACLF patients, and patients with a greater dynamic reduction in platelet tend to have a higher 90-day mortality rate.

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