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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 172-180, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007740

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Oral anti-coagulants (OAC) are the intervention for the prevention of stroke, which consistently improve clinical outcomes and survival among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The main purpose of this study is to identify problems in OAC utilization among hospitalized patients with AF in China.@*METHODS@#Using data from the Improving Care for Cardiovascular Disease in China-Atrial Fibrillation (CCC-AF) registry, guideline-recommended OAC use in eligible patients was assessed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 52,530 patients with non-valvular AF were enrolled from February 2015 to December 2019, of whom 38,203 were at a high risk of stroke, 9717 were at a moderate risk, and 4610 were at a low risk. On admission, only 20.0% (6075/30,420) of patients with a diagnosed AF and a high risk of stroke were taking OAC. The use of pre-hospital OAC on admission was associated with a lower risk of new-onset ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack among the diagnosed AF population (adjusted odds ratio: 0.54, 95% confidence interval: 0.43-0.68; P  <0.001). At discharge, the prescription rate of OAC was 45.2% (16,757/37,087) in eligible patients with high stroke risk and 60.7% (2778/4578) in eligible patients with low stroke risk. OAC utilization in patients with high stroke risk on admission or at discharge both increased largely over time (all P  <0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that OAC utilization at discharge was positively associated with in-hospital rhythm control strategies, including catheter ablation (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 11.63, 95% confidence interval [CI] 10.04-13.47; P <0.001), electronic cardioversion (adjusted OR 2.41, 95% CI 1.65-3.51; P <0.001), and anti-arrhythmic drug use (adjusted OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.38-1.53; P <0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In hospitals participated in the CCC-AF project, >70% of AF patients were at a high risk of stroke. Although poor performance on guideline-recommended OAC use was found in this study, over time the CCC-AF project has made progress in stroke prevention in the Chinese AF population.Registration:ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02309398.


Subject(s)
Humans , Administration, Oral , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Patient Discharge , Patients , Registries , Risk Factors , Stroke/drug therapy
2.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 852-858, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008909

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an irreversible neurodegenerative disorder that damages patients' memory and cognitive abilities. Therefore, the diagnosis of AD holds significant importance. The interactions between regions of interest (ROIs) in the brain often involve multiple areas collaborating in a nonlinear manner. Leveraging these nonlinear higher-order interaction features to their fullest potential contributes to enhancing the accuracy of AD diagnosis. To address this, a framework combining nonlinear higher-order feature extraction and three-dimensional (3D) hypergraph neural networks is proposed for computer-assisted diagnosis of AD. First, a support vector machine regression model based on the radial basis function kernel was trained on ROI data to obtain a base estimator. Then, a recursive feature elimination algorithm based on the base estimator was applied to extract nonlinear higher-order features from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. These features were subsequently constructed into a hypergraph, leveraging the complex interactions captured in the data. Finally, a four-dimensional (4D) spatiotemporal hypergraph convolutional neural network model was constructed based on the fMRI data for classification. Experimental results on the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) database demonstrated that the proposed framework outperformed the Hyper Graph Convolutional Network (HyperGCN) framework by 8% and traditional two-dimensional (2D) linear feature extraction methods by 12% in the AD/normal control (NC) classification task. In conclusion, this framework demonstrates an improvement in AD classification compared to mainstream deep learning methods, providing valuable evidence for computer-assisted diagnosis of AD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alzheimer Disease/diagnostic imaging , Neural Networks, Computer , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Neuroimaging/methods , Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted , Brain , Cognitive Dysfunction
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1-8, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964304

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic idiopathic colorectal inflammatory diseases with a progressive and unpredictable course, including ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). Abnormal intestinal inflammation and immune response contribute to the pathogenesis of IBD. Autophagy as an essential catabolic process in cells, has been demonstrated to have associations with a variety of inflammatory diseases including IBD. Here, we review the relationship between autophagy dysfunction and the process of IBD. The progress of several autophagy regulators for intestinal epithelial cells and macrophages is highlighted (inflammasome inhibitors, intestinal flora regulators, and other signal regulators) in the current studies on IBD.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 477-482, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964252

ABSTRACT

AIM: To valuate the efficacy of 0.01% atropine for controlling myopia in children of different ages.METHOD: A randomized, double-blind, placebo control and single-center study was conducted. A total of 295 myopic children, aged 6~13 years, with myopia of -0.5D~-6.00D and astigmatism ≤2.0D, who admitted to our hospital from May 2019 to May 2020 were randomly assigned to experimental group(197 cases)and control group(98 cases)in a 2:1 ratio. Two groups were further divided into three subgroups according to age, 6~8 years old group(40/26 cases), 9~10 years group(84/34 cases), and 11~13 years group(73/38 cases). 0.01% atropine was administrated in the experimental group and placebo was administrated in the control group once before sleep. The changes of parameters were compared before and at 2wk, 3, 6, 9 and 12mo after treatment. Intraocular pressure, accommodation amplitude, best corrected distance and near visual acuity, pupil diameter and tear film were tested at 2wk. Cycloplegic refraction was assessed before treatment, and at 6 and 12mo after treatment.RESULTS: The spherical equivalent and axial length progression at 12mo after administration was -0.37±0.69D and 0.29±0.24mm in the experimental group, and -0.59±0.65D and 0.37±0.23mm in the control group(P=0.008, 0.006). In 6~8 years group, spherical equivalent and axial length progression between experimental and control group were not statistically significant(t=0.054, P=0.957; t=-0.623, P=0.536). In 9~10 years group, spherical equivalent and axial length progression between groups were statistically significant(t=2.056, P=0.042; t=-2.057 P=0.042). In 11~13 years group, spherical equivalent and axial length progression between groups were statistically significant(t=2.33, P=0.022; t=-2.424, P=0.017). The pupil was slightly dilated and the accommodation amplitude was decreased in experimental group, and the mean pupil diameter of the two groups was 3.94±0.79 and 3.16±0.48 mm respectively at 12mo after treatment(P<0.001). Other parameters and adverse event noted between groups were not statistically significant.CONCLUSIONS: 0.01% atropine is helpful to control the progression of myopia in children, which is well tolerated by adolescents. However, the effect of 0.01% atropine on the control of myopia for children aged 6~8 years is not enough. The findings suggest that increased concentration of atropine can be tried for 6~8 years old.

5.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 399-404, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981282

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the genetic subtypes of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the prevalence of pretreatment drug resistance in the newly reported HIV-infected men in Guangxi. Methods The stratified random sampling method was employed to select the newly reported HIV-infected men aged≥50 years old in 14 cities of Guangxi from January to June in 2020.The pol gene of HIV-1 was amplified by nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and then sequenced.The mutation sites associated with drug resistance and the degree of drug resistance were then analyzed. Results A total of 615 HIV-infected men were included in the study.The genetic subtypes of CRF01_AE,CRF07_BC,and CRF08_BC accounted for 57.4% (353/615),17.1% (105/615),and 22.4% (138/615),respectively.The mutations associated with the resistance to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI),non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI),and protease inhibitors occurred in 8 (1.3%),18 (2.9%),and 0 patients,respectively.M184V (0.7%) and K103N (1.8%) were the mutations with the highest occurrence rates for the resistance to NRTIs and NNRTIs,respectively.Twenty-two (3.6%) patients were resistant to at least one type of inhibitors.Specifically,4 (0.7%),14 (2.3%),4 (0.7%),and 0 patients were resistant to NRTIs,NNRTIs,both NRTIs and NNRTIs,and protease inhibitors,respectively.The pretreatment resistance to NNRTIs had much higher frequency than that to NRTIs (2.9% vs.1.3%;χ2=3.929,P=0.047).The prevalence of pretreatment resistance to lamivudine,zidovudine,tenofovir,abacavir,rilpivirine,efavirenz,nevirapine,and lopinavir/ritonavir was 0.8%, 0.3%, 0.7%, 1.0%, 1.3%, 2.8%, 2.9%, and 0, respectively. Conclusions CRF01_AE,CRF07_BC,and CRF08_BC are the three major strains of HIV-infected men≥50 years old newly reported in Guangxi,2020,and the pretreatment drug resistance demonstrates low prevalence.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics , China/epidemiology , Mutation , HIV-1/genetics , Protease Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Genotype
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 642-648, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970533

ABSTRACT

Wurfbainia villosa fruit is rich in volatile terpenoids, among which pinene is one of the main components and has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-tumor, and other pharmacological activities. This research group found that W. villosa fruits were rich in α-pinene by GC-MS, and terpene synthase(WvTPS63, formerly known as AvTPS1) with β-pinene as the main product was cloned and identified, but α-pinene synthase had not been identified. In this study, based on the genome data of W. villosa, we screened and found WvTPS66 with highly similar sequences to WvTPS63, identified enzyme functions of WvTPS66 in vitro, and performed a comparative analysis of sequence, catalytic function, expression pattern, and promoter with WvTPS63. Multiple sequence alignment showed that the amino acid sequences of WvTPS63 and WvTPS66 were highly similar and the conservative motif of terpene synthase was almost identical. In vitro enzymatic experiments on catalytic functions showed that both could produce pinene, and the main product of WvTPS63 was β-pinene, while that of WvTPS66 was α-pinene. Expression pattern analysis showed that WvTS63 was highly expressed in flowers, WvTPS66 was expressed in the whole plant, and the highest expression level was found in the pericarp, which indicated that it might be mainly responsible for the synthesis of α-pinene in fruits. In addition, promoter analysis revealed the presence of multiple regulatory elements related to stress response in the promoter regions of both genes. The findings of this study can provide a reference for the functional study of terpene synthase genes and new genetic elements for pinene biosynthesis.


Subject(s)
Terpenes , Amino Acid Sequence , Anti-Bacterial Agents
7.
Singapore medical journal ; : 59-66, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969666

ABSTRACT

Advancements in high-throughput sequencing have yielded vast amounts of genomic data, which are studied using genome-wide association study (GWAS)/phenome-wide association study (PheWAS) methods to identify associations between the genotype and phenotype. The associated findings have contributed to pharmacogenomics and improved clinical decision support at the point of care in many healthcare systems. However, the accumulation of genomic data from sequencing and clinical data from electronic health records (EHRs) poses significant challenges for data scientists. Following the rise of artificial intelligence (AI) technology such as machine learning and deep learning, an increasing number of GWAS/PheWAS studies have successfully leveraged this technology to overcome the aforementioned challenges. In this review, we focus on the application of data science and AI technology in three areas, including risk prediction and identification of causal single-nucleotide polymorphisms, EHR-based phenotyping and CRISPR guide RNA design. Additionally, we highlight a few emerging AI technologies, such as transfer learning and multi-view learning, which will or have started to benefit genomic studies.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Data Science , Genome-Wide Association Study , Genomics , Technology
8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 868-871, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969587

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To mine adverse drug event (ADE) signals related to baloxavir marboxil, and to provide reference for clinically safe drug use. METHODS The ADE signals related to baloxavir marboxil from January 1, 2018 to May 31, 2022 in the US FDA adverse event reporting system (FAERS) were mined using the proportional reporting odds ratio (PRR) method. ADE with report number≥3, PRR≥2 and χ2≥4 was defined as a positive signal, and PRR method was used to analyze the ADE signal. RESULTS A total of 1 424 ADE reports with baloxavir marboxil as the main suspected drug were collected, involving 460 ADE signals. The femininity and patient under 18 years old were reported more, the country with the highest number of reports was the United States, and the main indication of drug reported was influenza. A total of 37 ADE positive signals were obtained after PRR calculation and screening exclusion, the first three ADE signals in the list of the reported number were diarrhea, vomiting and immediate hypersensitivity, and the first three ADE signals in the list of PRR value were febrile delirium, ischaemic colitis and hemorrhagic cystitis. Compared with the instructions of baloxavir marboxil, 18 ADE signals had not yet been included, such as abnormal liver function, hematuria, hemorrhagic cystitis, etc. Five new SOCs were involved, such as kidney and urinary system diseases, hepatobiliary system diseases, investigations, nervous system disorders and musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders. CONCLUSIONS When clinical application of baloxavir marboxil, in addition to the adverse drug reactions mentioned in the drug instructions, attention should be paid to abnormal liver function, hematuria, hemorrhagic cystitis, etc, so as to guarantee the safety of drug use.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2569-2574, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998811

ABSTRACT

‍The Japanese Society of Gastroenterology (JSGE) first published evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for cholelithiasis in 2010, followed by a revision in 2016. In April 2023, JSGE published the 2021 edition of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for cholelithiasis based on the clinical issues associated with cholelithiasis in the databases such as Medline, Cochrane, and Igaku Chuo Zasshi and the latest evidence in literature published in the past five years. The revised edition reviews related clinical questions in the previous edition from the aspects of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and complications of cholelithiasis and reclassifies them into three categories, with 52 questions in total, among which there are 29 background questions dealing with basic background knowledge, 19 clinical questions, and 4 future research questions requiring further accumulation of evidence, thereby providing guidance for decision making in the clinical management of patients with cholelithiasis.

10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1835-1839, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996894

ABSTRACT

Age-related macular degeneration(ARMD)is one of the leading causes of irreversible visual impairment worldwide, and the number of patients is increasing with the aging of the population, with dry ARMD accounting for about 90% of cases. Effective treatments for dry ARMD are currently lacking, making it a prominent area of research. Pharmacotherapy, targeting pathogenic factors such as oxidative damage, inflammation, and vascular issues contributing to ARMD, is one of the main treatments and some drugs have been shown to slow the progression of ARMD. This article reviews drug treatments for dry ARMD, including antioxidant drugs, complement biological agents, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and immunosuppressants, vasodilators, neurotrophic drugs, as well as traditional Chinese medicine. It summarizes their mechanisms and recent clinical research to contribute valuable insights for the treatment of dry ARMD and the development of novel therapeutic agents.

11.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 537-540, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996271

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical characteristics and factors influencing the prognosis of patients with mucosal melanoma.Methods:The clinical data of 49 patients with mucosal melanoma in Fujian Cancer Hospital from March 2012 to March 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, and their clinical characteristics and prognostic influencing factors were observed. Kaplan‐Meier method was used for survival analysis and Cox proportional risk model was used to analyze the prognostic influencing factors.Results:Female accounted for 61.2% (30/49) of all 49 patients with mucosal melanoma and the median age was 56 years (42-79 years). The most frequent primary tumor sites occurred in head and neck (42.9%, 21/49), followed by the reproductive system (32.7%, 16/49). At the time of initial diagnosis, 81.6% (40/49) of patients had no distant metastasis and 79.6% (39/49) of patients had normal levels of peripheral blood lactate dehydrogenase. The median overall survival time of 49 patients with mucosal melanoma was 39.5 months (95% CI 23.1-55.9 months). The median overall survival time of patients without distant metastasis at the time of initial diagnosis was significantly longer than that of patients with distant metastasis [46.5 months (95% CI 31.6-61.4 months) vs. 19.2 months (95% CI 0-42.2 months, P = 0.025]. There were no statistically significant differences in median overall survival time of patients with different gender, age at the time of initial diagnosis, primary tumor site, and the level of lactate dehydrogenase in peripheral blood at the time of initial diagnosis (all P > 0.05). The presence of distant metastasis at the time of initial diagnosis was an independent risk factor for the prognosis of patients with mucosal melanoma ( HR = 0.379, 95% CI 0.157-0.918, P = 0.032). Conclusions:Mucosal melanoma is more common in female. The most frequent primary tumor sites occur in head and neck. At the time of initial diagnosis, most patients have non‐distant metastasis and the normal level of peripheral blood lactate dehydrogenase. At the time of initial diagnosis, whether there is distant metastasis is an independent influencing factor for the prognosis of patients with mucosal melanoma.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 505-509, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993363

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of laparoscopic versus open liver resection for colorectal cancer liver metastasis on the interval between surgery and chemotherapy, the perioperative outcomes and the prognosis of patients.Methods:A total of 127 patients undergoing colorectal cancer liver metastasis resection in the Department of General Surgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, from January 2014 to February 2023 were retrospectively analyzed, including 81 males and 46 females, aged (60.0±8.9) years. Based on surgical approaches, the patients were divided into the laparoscopic group ( n=33) and the open group ( n=94). After propensity score matching (PSM), 26 cases in the laparoscopic group were matched with 45 cases in the open group. The maximum tumor diameter, proportion of tumors involving both lobes, and proportion of solitary tumors, interval between surgery and first cycle of chemotherapy, postoperative complications, postoperative hospital stay and the prognosis of patients were compared between the two groups after matching. Survival curves and rates were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier and log-rank test. Results:After PSM, there were no significant differences in the baseline data of patients, including tumor maximum diameter, proportion of tumors involving both lobes, and proportion of solitary tumors between the two groups (all P>0.05), indicating comparability. After matching, the interval between surgery and first cycle of chemotherapy in the laparoscopic group (34.4±11.2) d was shorter than that in the open group (46.7±28.0) d, the laparoscopic group had a lower incidence of postoperative complications[0 vs 20.0%(9/45)] and a shorter postoperative hospital stay[6.0 (5.0, 6.2) d vs 8.0 (7.0, 11.5) d] compared to the open group (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the recurrence-free survival rate (χ 2=3.27, P=0.070) and the cumulative survival rate (χ 2=0.001, P=0.974) between the two groups. Conclusion:In patients with colorectal cancer liver metastasis, laparoscopic liver surgery showed a lower incidence of postoperative complications and a shorter postoperative hospital stay compared to open surgery. The interval between surgery and first cycle of chemotherapy is shorter after laparoscopic surgery. The long-term prognosis is comparable in the laparoscopic and open surgery.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 712-715, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991395

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of biomaterial breast model combined with traditional clinical teaching methods in the training of minimally invasive breast surgery.Methods:A total of 50 physicians who studied at the Thyroid and Breast Surgery Department of The First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University from March to December 2021 were selected as the research subjects and divided into the experimental group and the control group. The training time was one week, with three modules, namely, the study of Doppler ultrasound system and ultrasound theory, the study of the operating system for minimally invasive breast surgery, and the clinical observation and practice of minimally invasive breast surgery. Additionally, physicians in the experimental group practiced the surgical skills by using the biological material breast model. After the training, the assessment of breast minimally invasive surgery was performed, and the differences of minimally invasive operation and subjective evaluation of the two groups of physicians were analyzed. SPSS 22.0 was used to conduct independent-samples t-test and Chi-square test. Results:The time spent on breast mass localization, rotary cutter localization and residual rates of breast mass in the experimental group were (4.12±1.05) min, (12.12±2.61) min and 40%, respectively, and the corresponding results of the control group were (6.68±1.97) min, (15.32±2.89) min and 72%, which showed statistically significant differences between the two groups ( P<0.05). At the same time, the physicians in the experimental group were better than the control group in terms of self-evaluation of operational proficiency and clinical operation confidence. Conclusion:Compared with the traditional teaching method, the biomaterially simulated breast model combined with traditional teaching has significant advantages. It is an efficient teaching aid in the training and teaching of breast minimally invasive surgery, and plays an important role in the training of breast surgeons.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 567-572, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965778

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the short-term visual quality outcomes after femtosecond laser small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)and evolution implantable collamer lens(EVO-ICL)implantation for the correction of moderate myopia.METHODS: Prospective control study. A total of 51 cases(51 eyes)with moderate myopia who underwent SMILE or EVO-ICL implantation surgery at Weifang Eye Hospital from April 2021 to February 2022 were selected. They were divided into SMILE group(30 patients, 30 eyes)and EVO-ICL group(21 patients, 21 eyes)according to the surgical methods. The changes of visual acuity [uncorrected distance visual acuity(UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity(CDVA)], diopter [spherical equivalent(SE)] and related parameters of optical quality analysis system(OQAS Ⅱ)were observed before surgery and at 1wk, 1 and 3mo after surgery, and the quality of vision(QoV)questionnaire was completed.RESULTS: At 3mo after surgery, the safety index(postoperative CDVA/preoperative CDVA)of SMILE gruop and EVO-ICL group were 1.20(1.00, 1.20)and 1.20(1.00, 1.38), respectively, the efficacy index(postoperative UDVA/preoperative CDVA)were 1.00(1.00, 1.20)and 1.00(1.00, 1.20), respectively, and the percentage of SE within ±0.50D was 87% and 100%, respectively. In SMILE group, the objective scattering index(OSI)was increased after surgery, while modulation transfer function cutoff frequency(MTF cutoff), contrast visual acuity(VA)100%, and VA20% at 1wk and 1mo after surgery, and Strehl ratio(SR)and VA9% at each time point after surgery were all decreased compared with those before surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The OSI, MTF cutoff, SR and VA of EVO-ICL group showed no difference at each time point after surgery compared with those before surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). The most common visual symptoms after SMILE and EVO-ICL implantation were visual haze and halos, respectively.CONCLUSION: Both SMILE and EVO-ICL implantation have good safety, efficacy and predictability in the short term after the correction of moderate myopia. Both groups had visual symptoms after surgery, but the overall satisfaction of patients was high. Furthermore, EVO-ICL implantation has better objective visual quality performance.

15.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 219-224, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013846

ABSTRACT

Tumor is a kind of disease with high morbidity, high mortality and poor prognosis. Chemotherapy is the main treatment of tumor, but the problem of chemotherapy resistance is becoming increasingly prominent, so finding ways to overcome chemotherapy resistance and improve the therapeutic effect has become an urgent problem to be solved. At present, with the development of research, the anti-tumor effect of some traditional Chinese medicine has attracted extensive attention. Berberine, traditionally used in the treatment of digestive system diseases, has been proved to have the effect of anti-tumor and reversing tumor multi-drug resistance. This review summarizes the recent researches on the reversion multi-drug resistance in tumor by berberine, in order to explore the means to improve the therapeutic effect and prognosis of tumor drug resistance.

16.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1623-1637, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010623

ABSTRACT

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is one of the common neurodevelopmental disorders in children. Its etiology and pathogenesis are poorly understood. Previous studies have suggested potential changes in the complement and coagulation pathways in individuals with ASD. In this study, using multiple reactions monitoring proteomic technology, 16 of the 33 proteins involved in this pathway were identified as differentially-expressed proteins in plasma between children with ASD and controls. Among them, CFHR3, C4BPB, C4BPA, CFH, C9, SERPIND1, C8A, F9, and F11 were found to be altered in the plasma of children with ASD for the first time. SERPIND1 expression was positively correlated with the CARS score. Using the machine learning method, we obtained a panel composed of 12 differentially-expressed proteins with diagnostic potential for ASD. We also reviewed the proteins changed in this pathway in the brain and blood of patients with ASD. The complement and coagulation pathways may be activated in the peripheral blood of children with ASD and play a key role in the pathogenesis of ASD.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Autism Spectrum Disorder/metabolism , Proteomics , Brain/metabolism
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2694-2705, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007701

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Previous studies have examined the bulk transcriptome of peripheral blood immune cells in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients experiencing immunological non-responsiveness. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of specific immune cell subtypes in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients who exhibit immunological non-responsiveness.@*METHODS@#A single-cell transcriptome sequencing of peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from both immunological responders (IRs) (CD4 + T-cell count >500) and immunological non-responders (INRs) (CD4 + T-cell count <300) was conducted. The transcriptomic profiles were used to identify distinct cell subpopulations, marker genes, and differentially expressed genes aiming to uncover potential genetic factors associated with immunological non-responsiveness.@*RESULTS@#Among the cellular subpopulations analyzed, the ratios of monocytes, CD16 + monocytes, and exhausted B cells demonstrated the most substantial differences between INRs and IRs, with fold changes of 39.79, 11.08, and 2.71, respectively. In contrast, the CD4 + T cell ratio was significantly decreased (0.39-fold change) in INRs compared with that in IRs. Similarly, the ratios of natural killer cells and terminal effector CD8 + T cells were also lower (0.37-fold and 0.27-fold, respectively) in the INRs group. In addition to several well-characterized immune cell-specific markers, we identified a set of 181 marker genes that were enriched in biological pathways associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication. Notably, ISG15 , IFITM3 , PLSCR1 , HLA-DQB1 , CCL3L1 , and DDX5 , which have been demonstrated to influence HIV replication through their interaction with viral proteins, emerged as significant monocyte marker genes. Furthermore, the differentially expressed genes in natural killer cells were also enriched in biological pathways associated with HIV replication.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We generated an atlas of immune cell transcriptomes in HIV-infected IRs and INRs. Host genes associated with HIV replication were identified as markers of, and were found to be differentially expressed in, different types of immune cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Transcriptome/genetics , HIV , HIV Infections/genetics , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Virus Replication , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism
18.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 795-797,798, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004743

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the factors affecting the length of hospitalization after the Sun's procedure in patients with type A aortic coarctation. 【Methods】 From January 2018 to June 2023, the clinical data, related laboratory indicators and perioperative blood transfusion data of patients with type A aortic dissection who underwent Sun's procedure in the First Hospital of Lanzhou University were collected. LASSO regression was used to screen the characteristics related to the length of hospital stay, and linear regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors for prolonged length of hospital stay. 【Results】 The statistical analysis of 242 patients showed that the amount of red blood cell transfusion, plasma transfusion, platelet transfusion and autologous blood transfusion were the influencing factors of the length of hospital stay in patients with type A aortic dissection after operation. The total sum of squared deviations of the linear regression equation fitting the total length of hospital stay was statistically significant (F= 10.504, P<0.001). 【Conclusion】 Perioperative red blood cell transfusion,plasma transfusion,platelet transfusion and autologous blood transfusion are risk factors for prolonged postoperative hospitalization in patients undergoing the Sun's procedure for type A aortic coarctation. Control of operation time and reduction of intraoperative blood loss may help to prevent prolonged postoperative hospital stay and other adverse conditions.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1787-1792, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934966

ABSTRACT

Micheliolide is a kind of guaiacane sesquiterpene lactone from natural plants. It distributs in the root bark of Cephalantheropsis gracilis and Michelia compressa . Modern pharmacological studies show that ,micheliolide can play an anti-tumor role by inhibiting the proliferation of tumor cells ,regulating the apoptosis of tumor cells ,inducing autophagy of tumor cells ,and inhibiting invasion and metastasis of tumor cells. It can reduce the expression of inflammatory cytokines by regulating several related signaling pathways ,such as nuclear factor κB and phosphatidylinositol-3-hydroxykinase/protein kinase B ;it can play an immunomodulatory role by restoring the expression of immune-related factors in the body ;it can play a neuroprotective effect by reducing the accumulation of amyloid β-protein and inhibiting microglial activation ;it can play a liver protective role by reducing the inflammatory response and steatosis of hepatocytes ;its nephroprotective mechanism is related to the relief of the inflammatory response by regulating multiple pathways ;the mechanisms of its cardioprotective action include alleviating the inflammatory response and reducing the level of oxidative stress ,etc. In conclusion ,micheliolide is a compound of great development value.

20.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 197-199, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934354

ABSTRACT

The patient, a 50-year-old male, was admitted to the hospital on April 1, 2020 with the chief complaint of "confusion with vomiting for 1 hour due to falling from height ", and the emergency craniotomy was performed. Intermittent fever with a maximum temperature of 38 ℃ occurred 3 days after the surgery, and the inflammation indexes were all higher than the upper limit of the reference values. Recurrent fever remained despite after empirical anti-infection treatment. On April 12, the patient was treated with vancomycin combined with meropenem after cerebrospinal fluid specimens routine and biochemical tests suggested intracranial infection. After 48 hours of cultivating the cerebrospinal fluid and blood specimens, some small, clear, needle-like colonies were found and they were identified as Mycoplasma humanum by using 16S rRNA gene. Eventually, the patient died due to the severity of the disease and complications.

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