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1.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 166-170, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882258

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of venetoclax-based therapy on relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM) patients harboring t(11;14).Methods:The data of a relapsed/refractory MM patient harboring t(11;14) treated with venetoclax-based regimen admitted to Shanghai Changzheng Hospital in June 2019 was retrospectively analyzed and the literatures were reviewed.Results:The relapsed/refractory MM patient harboring t(11;14) had progression of disease after 3 lines of therapies, and then was treated with the selective bcl-2 inhibitor venetoclax combined with daratumumab and dexamethasone. As a result, the patient achieved partial remission and better hemogram recovery. The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score of physical status decreased from 3 to 1, and the quality of life was improved significantly.Conclusions:The relapsed/refractory MM patients harboring t(11;14) could benefit from venetoclax-based therapy. In the future, the safety, sensitivity and other performances of venetoclax in the treatment of MM should be further explored.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 472-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881533

ABSTRACT

Primary liver cancer (liver cancer) is one of the main indications of liver transplantation. However, postoperative recurrence of liver cancer severely affects the long-term clinical efficacy of liver transplantation. Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) is an immunosuppressive molecule. Activation of PD-1/programmed cell death protein-ligand 1 (PD-L1) signaling pathway plays a pivotal role in the immune tolerance of grafts. In recent years, immune checkpoint inhibitor(ICI), such as PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor, has become one of the effective approaches to treat advanced liver cancer, whereas ICI can be applied in liver transplant recipients is highly controversial, and the efficacy and safety remain to be studied. In this article, the expression of PD-1/PD-L1 in liver allograft tissues, the mechanism of PD-1/PD-L1 inducing transplantation immune tolerance and clinical application of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor in liver transplantation for liver cancer were reviewed.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 680-693, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881162

ABSTRACT

As an effective anticancer drug, the clinical limitation of doxorubicin (Dox) is the time- and dose-dependent cardiotoxicity. Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) interacts with transcription factor TEA domain 1 (TEAD1) and plays an important role in cell proliferation and survival. However, the role of YAP1 in Dox-induced cardiomyopathy has not been reported. In this study, the expression of YAP1 was reduced in clinical human failing hearts with dilated cardiomyopathy and Dox-induced

4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 625-634, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878587

ABSTRACT

Microcystis aeruginosa, a type of algal bloom microalgae, is widely distributed in water, causing serious deteriorated effects on humans and the ecological environment. As a biocontrol microorganism, Bacillus subtilis can synthesize various bioactive substances through non-ribosomal peptide synthetase, to inhibit the growth of M. aeruginosa. Thus, it is imperative to investigate the non-ribosomal peptide (NRP) metabolites of B. subtilis fmb60. Three NRP metabolites from B. subtilis fmb60 including bacillibactin, surfactin and fengycin were extracted and identified by genome mining technology. The growth inhibition of M. aeruginosa was studied by adding various concentrations of NRP metabolites. The half-effect concentration value (EC50.4 d) of M. aeruginosa was 26.5 mg/L after incubation for 4 days. With the increasing concentration, the inhibitory effects of NRP metabolites of B. subtilis fmb60 on M. aeruginosa was enhanced significantly. Compared with the control group, with the addition of 50 mg/L NRP metabolites to the M. aeruginosa, the content of Fv/Fm, Fv/Fo and Yield parameter after cultured for 4 days were decreased by 2.8%, 1.7% and 2.0%, respectively. Those findings indicate that the NRP metabolites of B. subtilis fmb60 can significantly inhibit the photosynthesis and metabolism of M. aeruginosa, which provides a theoretical foundation for the development of biological algae inhibitor of B. subtilis.


Subject(s)
Bacillus subtilis , Humans , Microcystis , Peptides , Photosynthesis
5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 813-816, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875887

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the correlation of quality of life (QOL) with aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), liver stiffness measurement (LSM), and histopathology after entecavir antiviral therapy for patients with chronic hepatitis B liver fibrosis. MethodsA total of 95 patients who were diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B and liver fibrosis in The Affiliated Hospital of Yanbian University from October 2013 to March 2015 were enrolled, and all patients underwent entecavir antiviral therapy. Before treatment and at weeks 26, 52, and 78 of treatment, SF-36 scale was used to assess QOL, transient elastography was used to measure LSM, and serum APRI was measured. Among these patients, 31 underwent liver biopsy before treatment and at week 78 of treatment to observe the degree of inflammation and fibrosis, and QOL, APRI, LSM, and histopathology were analyzed before and after antiviral therapy. The Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data at different time points, and a Spearman correlation analysis was performed. ResultsThere was a tendency of increase in QOL after antiviral treatment, and there were significant differences in general health, role-physical, role-motional, bodily pain, social functioning, and vitality at different time points (H=25.084, 8.699, 12.293, 22.874, 12.079, and 10.403, all P<0.05). There was a tendency of reduction in APRI, with a significant change after treatment (H=60.030, P<0.01), and there was also a significant reduction in LSM after treatment (H=35.744, P<0.01). APRI and LSM were negatively correlated with QOL (all P<0.05). Among the patients who underwent liver biopsy, 22 achieved the improvement in histological inflammation after antiviral therapy, 15 achieved the improvement in fibrosis, 14 achieved the improvement in both inflammation and QOL, and 8 achieved the improvement in both fibrosis and QOL. ConclusionEntecavir antiviral therapy can improve the QOL of patients with chronic hepatitis B liver fibrosis, and reductions in APRI and LSM can predict the improvement in QOL in patients with chronic hepatitis B liver fibrosis. Improvement in histological inflammation and fibrosis have a certain effect on the improvement in QOL in patients with chronic hepatitis B liver fibrosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868044

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the values of Z-scores of fetal heart circumference (HC) and heart area (HA) in prediction of homozygous α-thalassemia.Methods:From February 2014 to March 2019, 233 fetuses of 15 to 23 gestation weeks with risk of homozygous α-thalassemia were examined by prenatal ultrasound in the Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. HC, HA and cardiothoracic ratio (CTR) were measured. HC and HA were converted into Z-scores, respectively. The ROC curves were established and analyzed based on HC Z-score, HA Z-score or CTR respectively to compare their predicting efficacies for fetal homozygous α-thalassemia. Finally, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were obtained by the best cutoff values.Results:①Sixty-five fetuses were diagnosed as homozygous α-thalassemia and classified as α-thalassemia group. One hundred and sixty-eight fetuses were mild and normal and were classified as control group. ②HC Z-score, HA Z-score and CTR in the α-thalassemia group were significantly higher than those in the control group, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.001). ③The area under ROC curve of HA Z-score was the largest compared with HC Z-score and CTR, and the prediction efficacy was the highest ( Z test=2.144 and 2.517 respectively, P<0.05). ④The best cutoff values were HC Z-score>1.67, HA Z-score>2.06 and CTR>0.53. Sensitivities of predicting homozygous α-thalassemia in 15 to 23 gestation weeks were 92.31%, 100% and 89.23%, respectively. Specificities were 94.05%, 95.83% and 93.45%, respectively. Positive predictive values were 84.43%, 89.00% and 84.05%, respectively. Negative predictive values were 96.91%, 100% and 95.57%, respectively. Conclusions:Fetal heart HC Z-score and HA Z-score are safe and effective novel ultrasonic indexes for predicting homozygous α-thalassemia. Especially compared with traditional CTR, HA Z-score has a significantly higher predicting efficacy, which can improve the detection rate of homozygous α-thalassemia and reduce the need for invasive examination.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865783

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the situation of doctoral enrollment work in Peking Union Medical College Hospital after the change of enrollment mode from "unified enrollment examination" to "application-assessment" system, and summarize the enrollment work.Methods:The information of candidates in two different enrollment methods of the unified enrollment examination in 2016 and the application-assessment system in 2017 and 2018 was collected and compared. The opinions of doctoral candidates in 2018 on the application-assessment system were collected by questionnaires. Excel 2016 was used to input data for descriptive statistical analysis and SPSS 20.0 was used to analyze the quantitative data by chi-square tested and t-tested.Results:Since 2016, the total number of candidates applying for Peking Union Medical College Hospital has shown a downward trend, and the age of candidates has shown a trend towards younger age. However, there was no statistical difference in candidate's gender, source of students, and their Master's Graduation Schools. Only among the 2017 and 2018 academic degree candidates, there was a statistical difference in scores between the freshman and the previous student ( P=0.025). The results of the questionnaire showed that students were highly satisfied with "application-audit" system of Peking Union Medical College Hospital (82.54%, 52/63). More than 90.00% of the students agreed with the evaluation indexes. Additionally, 85.71%(54/63) of students suggested that professional and academic types use different enrollment evaluation indicators, which could fully reflect the quality of professionalism and the training potential of cultivation. Conclusion:The change of enrollment model from "unified admission examination" to "application-audit" system has little impact on the candidates of Peking Union Medical College Hospital. In the process of implementing the "application-assessment" system, the Educational Management Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital has actively explored the system construction and standardization process, and supervised the whole enrollment process, which has gained the trust and recognition of candidates as well as high student satisfaction.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865075

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the cure rate of critically ill patients in Wuhan epidemic area and reduce the fatality rate, the state have dispatched medical staffs from the whole country to support Wuhan and treat critically ill patients in dedicated facilities. A medical team from the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, consisting of 133 medical staffs major in critical care medicine, respiralogy, infection, cardiology, and general surgery, entirely took over the critical care unit of the East Hospital of the Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, and formed a multidisciplinary collaboration team with local medical staffs to treat patients together. Up to March 13th in 2020, the author′s medical team has admitted a total of 109 patients, of which 48 had been discharged up on recovery. Critically ill patients with Corona Virus Disease 2019 mainly have elder age, comorbidities, complicated conditions, and difficult diagnosis and treatment. The author and the author′s team combined with clinical practice, share experience and strategies of general surgery related issues in the treatment of critically ill patients, providing reference for collegues in general surgery.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864944

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the polymorphism of the uridine diphosphateglucuronosyl transferase 1A1 ( UGT1A1) gene in children of multiple nationalities with etiology-unknown neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in Qiubei County. Methods:Full-term neonates with unknown cause hyperbilirubinemia were collected.They were admitted to neonatal ward of Qiubei People′s Hospital from September 2017 to June 2018.All of them were performed UGT1A1 gene test. Results:A total of 100 neonates were enrolled in this study.Among them, 53 infants were Han, and others were minorities.Ten mutation sites of UGT1A1 gene were found.Five sites were never reported before and 4 sites could be pathogenic mutations.In addition, c.211G>A.was the most common genetic mutation, and 13 cases of homozygote and 32 cases of heterozygote were revealed by exome sequencing.The bilirubin levels of children with homozygote c. 211G>A were higher than those without the variation in this study and the differences were statistically significant ( t=2.621, P=0.008). The incidence of c. 211G>A mutation was similar between Han and minority nationalities.Among new-found mutations, c.1091C>CA heterozygous mutation was found in 19 children and in several nationalities, suggesting that this was a common UGT1A1 gene mutation in Qiubei County.Besides c. 211G>A and c. 1091C>CA were the most common variants.The incidence of c. 211G>A had no significant difference between Han and minority nationalities (χ 2=0.215, P=0.643). Neither had the incidence difference of c. 1091C>CA between Han and minority nationalities (χ 2=0.017, P=0.897). Conclusion:c. 211G>A and c. 1091C>CA mutations , which are distributed in both Han and minority nationalities, are common UGT1A1 mutations in Qiubei County.The distribution rate of c. 211G>A mutation is high in the population.The homozygous variation of c. 211G>A is associated with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2313-2322, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881113

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer (PCa) patients who progress to metastatic castration-resistant PCa (mCRPC) mostly have poor outcomes due to the lack of effective therapies. Our recent study established the orphan nuclear receptor ROR

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880757

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate high-salt exposure-induced polarization of mononuclear macrophages and the changes in proliferation and phenotypic transformation of renal fibroblasts in a co-culture system.@*METHODS@#Cultured mononuclear macrophages were exposed to high salt (161 mmol/L Na +) for 2 h and the surface markers of M0, M1 and M2-type macrophages were detected with RT-qPCR. The culture medium of the macrophages in normal and high-salt groups was collected for detection of the mRNA and protein levels of IL-6 and TGF-β1 using RT-qPCR and ELISA. A co-culture system of high salt-exposed macrophages and renal fibroblasts (NRK-49F) was established using a Transwell chamber, and the changes in proliferation and migration of NRK-49F cells were examined using EdU assay and Transwell assay, respectively. Western blotting was performed to detect the expressions of collagen I, collagen III and collagen α-SMA in NRK-49F cells.@*RESULTS@#The high salt-exposed macrophages showed significantly increased mRNA levels of M2-type macrophage surface markers mannose receptor and arginase (@*CONCLUSIONS@#High-salt exposure induces polarization of mononuclear macrophages into M2-type macrophages and promotes secretion of IL-6 and TGF-β1 by the macrophages to induce the proliferation and phenotypic transformation of NRK-49F cells.


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Coculture Techniques , Fibroblasts , Kidney , Macrophages , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/genetics
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828459

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the similarities and differences of early CT manifestations of three types of viral pneumonia induced by SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19), SARS-CoV (SARS) and MERS-CoV (MERS) using a systemic review. Methods Electronic database were searched to identify all original articles and case reports presenting chest CT features for adult patients with COVID-19, SARS and MERS pneumonia respectively. Quality of literature and completeness of presented data were evaluated by consensus reached by three radiologists. Vote-counting method was employed to include cases of each group. Data of patients' manifestations in early chest CT including lesion patterns, distribution of lesions and specific imaging signs for the three groups were extracted and recorded. Data were compared and analyzed using SPSS 22.0. Results A total of 24 studies were included, composing of 10 studies of COVID-19, 5 studies of MERS and 9 studies of SARS. The included CT exams were 147, 40, and 122 respectively. For the early CT features of the 3 pneumonias, the basic lesion pattern with respect to "mixed ground glass opacity (GGO) and consolidation, GGO mainly, or consolidation mainly" was similar among the 3 groups (=7.966, >0.05). There were no significant differences on the lesion distribution (=13.053, >0.05) and predominate involvement of the subpleural area of bilateral lower lobes (=4.809, >0.05) among the 3 groups. The lesions appeared more focal in COVID-19 pneumonia at early phase (=23.509, <0.05). The proportions of crazy-paving pattern (=23.037, <0.001), organizing pneumonia pattern (<0.05) and pleural effusions (<0.001) in COVID-19 pneumonia were significantly lower than the other two. Although rarely shown in the early CT findings of all three viral pneumonias, the fibrotic changes were more frequent in SARS than COVID-19 and MERS (=6.275, <0.05). For other imaging signs, only the MERS pneumonia demonstrated tree-in-buds, cavitation, and its incidence rate of interlobular or intralobular septal thickening presented significantly increased as compared to the other two pneumonia (=22.412, <0.05). No pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum and lymphadenopathy was present for each group. Conclusions Imaging findings on early stage of these three coronavirus pneumonias showed similar basic lesion patterns, including GGO and consolidation, bilateral distribution, and predominant involvement of the subpleural area and the lower lobes. Early signs of COVID-19 pneumonia showed less severity of inflammation. Early fibrotic changes appeared in SARS only. MERS had more severe inflammatory changes including cavitation and pleural effusion. The differences may indicate the specific pathophysiological processes for each coronavirus pneumonia.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Lung , Diagnostic Imaging , Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnostic Imaging , SARS Virus , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Diagnostic Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876196

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the neutralized antibody level of poliomyelitis among healthy children before and after implementation of the new immunization strategy in Shanghai. Methods The poliomyelitis levels of healthy children were detected by neutralization test of the micro cells. Results The neutralizing antibody positive rates were 100% for polioⅠand polioⅢ before and after implementation of the new immunization strategy.GMTs (geometric mean titers) for polioⅠwere 1:1 047.46 before it, and 1:254.70 after it; those for polio Ⅲ were 1:513.52 before it and 1:185.49 after it. Conclusion The neutralized antibody levels of the poliomyelitis among healthy infants maintain a high level before and after implementing the new immunization strategy in Shanghai.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820943

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate and analyze the epidemiological and pathogenic characteristics on a case of human Streptococcus suis type 2 infection in Minhang District, Shanghai, and to provide evidence for early warning and prevention and control measures of rare and imported zoonotic acute infectious diseases in Shanghai. Methods By inquiring the patient medical history and epidemiological history and on-site environmental investigation, the infection route and source of the case were examined. The pathogenic culture of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was used to isolate Streptococcus suis, and Vitek2GP was used to identify the isolated strains. The PCR technique was used to detect species specific genes and virulence genes. Results The clinical manifestations of the patient were high fever with headache, nausea, vomiting and stiff neck. Blood tests showed a significant increase in c-reactive protein, an increase in lymphocyte percentage, and a decrease in platelet count. Head CT examination showed bilateral ethmoidal sinus and bilateral maxillary sinus inflammation, and significantly increased CSF white blood cell count and immunoglobulin. The case's CSF sample was positive for species specific genes (16SrRNA) and 2 virulence genes (cps-2j and ef). Conclusion This case was human Streptococcus suis type 2 with meningitis symptoms. Good prognosis was associated with timely diagnosis and treatment as well as the types of virulence factors. Medical institutions should identify early infection and take timely treatment as soon as possible to avoid severe illness and death cases. Departments of agriculture, health, market management, and others should consummate the reporting mechanism of animal epidemic situation, and establish necessary active sentinel monitoring.

15.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 763-771, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870883

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the association of carotid plaque with variants in genes involved in inflammation and endothelial function.Methods:This was a multi-center, cross sectional survey in southwestern China. The residents aged ≥40 years and lived in the community for more than six months volunteered to participate in face-to-face survey in eight communities. A total of 2 377 subjects with high stroke risk were enrolled. Carotid plaque and plaque phenotype were assessed by carotid ultrasound. Genotypes of 19 variants in 10 genes related to inflammation and endothelial function were examined. Gene-gene interaction was analyzed by generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR).Results:Carotid plaques were found in 852 (35.8%) subjects, of whom 454 (53.3%) had stable plaques, 398 (46.7%) had vulnerable plaques. PPARA rs4253655 ( OR=1.01, 95% CI 1.03-1.82), HABP2rs7923349 ( OR=1.18, 95% CI 1.06-3.11) and IL1A rs1609682 ( OR=1.09, 95% CI1.03-2.87) were associated with the carotid plaque presence, and NOS2Ars2297518 ( OR=1.05, 95% CI 1.02-2.64) and PPARArs4253655 ( OR=1.00, 95% CI 1.01-1.74) were associated with vulnerable plaque in univariate analysis. GMDR analysis showed that there was a significant gene-gene interaction among HABP2rs7923349, ITGA2rs1991013, IL1Ars1609682 and NOS2Ars8081248, and the high-risk interactive genotype among the four variants was independently associated with a higher risk for carotid vulnerable plaque after adjusting the covariates ( OR=2.81, 95% CI 1.32-7.49, P=0.005). Conclusions:Prevalence of carotid plaque was very high in the high risk stroke population in southwestern China. Variants in genes involved in endothelial function and inflammation were associated with the carotid plaque. The high-risk interactive genotype among HABP2rs7923349, ITGA2rs1991013, IL1Ars1609682 and NOS2Ars8081248 was independently associated with a higher risk for vulnerable plaque.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817666

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To investigate the function of LRP6 and canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in Doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy.【Methods】To establish the model of Dox cardiomyopathy in vitro and in vivo,H9C2 cells were treated with Dox(1 μmol/L)for 12 h and twelve SD rats were divided into two groups equally,and intraperitoneally injected with normal saline and Dox respectively. The changes of protein and mRNA levels were detected by western blot and qPCR. Cardiomyocytes were transfected with siRNA to knockdown LRP6. Mitochondrial membrane potential,nuclear condensation and matrix swelling were determined by Rhodamine 123 ,Hoechst and Mitotracker staining respectively. The apoptosis rate of cells was measured by flow cytometric analysis. 【Results】 The model of Dox cardiomyopathy was successfully established in vitro and in vivo. Dox downregulated the mRNA and protein levels of LRP6. Knockdown of LRP6 aggravated the cell apoptosis and mitochondrial damage induced by Dox. Both Dox and silencing LRP6 induced the downregulation of β - catenin ,and activation of β - catenin reversed the cardiomyocytes apoptosis caused by Dox. 【Conclusions】 Dox downregulated the expression of LRP6 and inhibited canonical Wnt/β- catenin signaling pathway,thus causing cardiomyocytes apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816208

ABSTRACT

Magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)is one of the important imaging methods for the female reproductive system.In recent years,its application value in uterine adenomyosis has been increasingly recognized in clinic.Due to its many advantages,such as clear and intuitive images,being independent of operators,multi-parameter and multi-planar imaging and so on,MRI has been mainly applied to the diagnosis and typing of uterine adenomyosis and the continuous monitoring after drug treatment.The purpose of this article is to review the manifestations and typing of uterine adenomyosis in MRI and the progress of MRI scanning technology.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 782-793, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774943

ABSTRACT

The clinical application of doxorubicin (DOX) in cancer chemotherapy is limited by its life-threatening cardiotoxic effects. Chrysophanol (CHR), an anthraquinone compound isolated from the rhizome of L., is considered to play a broad role in a variety of biological processes. However, the effects of CHR׳s cardioprotection in DOX-induced cardiomyopathy is poorly understood. In this study, we found that the cardiac apoptosis, mitochondrial injury and cellular PARylation levels were significantly increased in H9C2 cells treated by Dox, while these effects were suppressed by CHR. Similar results were observed when PARP1 activity was suppressed by its inhibitors 3-aminobenzamide (3AB) and ABT888. Ectopic expression of PARP1 effectively blocked this CHR׳s cardioprotection against DOX-induced cardiomyocyte injury in H9C2 cells. Furthermore, pre-administration with both CHR and 3AB relieved DOX-induced cardiac apoptosis, mitochondrial impairment and heart dysfunction in Sprague-Dawley rat model. These results revealed that CHR protects against DOX-induced cardiotoxicity by suppressing cellular PARylation and provided critical evidence that PARylation may be a novel target for DOX-induced cardiomyopathy.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773529

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of transforming growth factor-β1/integrin-linked kinase/fibroblast-specific protein 1 (TGF- β1/ILK/FSP1) signaling pathway in cyclosporine A (CsA)-induced renal tubular epithelial cell transdifferentiation.@*METHODS@#Rat renal tubular epithelial NRK-52E cells were induced with 1 mg/L CsA, treated with TGF-β1 inhibitor (SB431542, 10 μmol/L), or transfected with the ILK-RNAi lentiviral expression vector (ILKshRNA) or a negative control vector before CsA induction. The expressions of TGF-β1, ILK and FSP-1 mRNAs and proteins in the cells were detected using real-time PCR and Western blotting. The positive cells for α-SMA expression were detected by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank control cells, the cells treated with CsA showed significantly increased levels of TGF-β1, ILK and FSP-1 mRNAs and proteins ( < 0.05). The expressions of TGF-β1, ILK and FSP-1 were significantly lower in TGF-β1 inhibitor group than in CsA group ( < 0.05). The levels of ILK and FSP-1 were significantly decreased after shRNA-mediated ILK silencing ( < 0.05). The number of positive cells for -SMA was significantly lower in cells treated with SB431542 and in cells with ILK silencing than in the cells treated with CsA alone ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The activation of TGF-β1/ILK/FSP-1 signaling pathway is an important mechanism for CsA-induced transdifferentiation in rat renal tubular epithelial cells. ILK participates in CsA-induced epithelialmesenchymal transition of renal tubular epithelial cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Cells, Cultured , Cyclosporine , Epithelial Cells , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases , Rats , Signal Transduction , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 604-612, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777150

ABSTRACT

Macrophages are highly plastic and can be polarized into classical activated macrophages (M1) and alternative activated macrophages (M2) under the induction of inflammatory factors and regulation of a variety of information molecules. Chronic pulmonary inflammation and pulmonary parenchyma injury are the main pathological manifestations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). M1 promotes pulmonary inflammation, whereas M2 inhibits inflammatory response, participates in lung tissue injury and repair, and swallows and removes pathogenic microorganisms and apoptotic cells. Target intervention in the polarization direction of macrophages may be a new strategy for COPD treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung , Macrophages , Cell Biology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Pathology
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