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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 345-351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964794

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) on portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in patients with liver cirrhosis and its medication characteristics. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for 89 patients with liver cirrhosis and PVT who were hospitalized and treated in Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and according to whether TCM treatment was applied in combination, they were divided into TCM group with 59 patients and control group with 30 patients. Related data were collected for the two groups, including demographic data, laboratory examination, radiological examination, gastroscopy, history of surgery, portal hypertension-related complications, medication, and follow-up data. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U rank sum test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. An ordinal polytomous Logistic regression analysis was used for multivariate analysis. TCM Inheritance Computing Platform (V3.0) was used to perform a drug effect cluster analysis of TCM prescriptions. Results The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that esophageal and gastric varices (odds ratio [ OR ]=3.144, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.221-8.094), PVT involving the portal vein (PV) and the superior mesenteric vein (SMV) ( OR =51.667, 95% CI : 3.536-754.859), PVT involving PV+spleen vein (SV)+SMV ( OR =13.271, 95% CI : 2.290-76.928), cavernous transformation of the portal vein ( OR =11.896, 95% CI : 1.172-120.696), and TCM intervention ( OR =0.348, 95% CI : 0.129-0.938) were influencing factors for the outcome of PVT in liver cirrhosis. Follow-up results showed that compared with the control group, the TCM group had a significantly lower progression rate (16.95% vs 56.67%, P < 0.001) and a significantly lower incidence rate of variceal rupture and bleeding (8.47% vs 33.33%, P < 0.001). Effective TCM drugs with a relatively high frequency of use included deficiency-tonifying drugs (359 times, 34.6%), blood-activating and stasis-resolving drugs (202 times, 19.5%), and diuresis-inducing and dampness-draining drugs (180 times, 17.3%); the TCM drugs with a relatively high frequency of use included Astragalus membranaceus (57 times, 8.7%), Angelica sinensis (50 times, 7.6%), and leech (48 times, 7.3%); TCM drug combinations with a relatively high frequency of use included Astragalus membranaceus+Angelica sinensis, Astragalus membranaceus+leech, Angelica sinensis+leech, and Astragalus membranaceus+Angelica sinensis+leech. Conclusion Qi-tonifying, blood-activating, and stasis-breaking drugs, such as Astragalus membranaceus, Angelica sinensis, and leech, can promote the stabilization or recanalization of PVT in liver cirrhosis and reduce the incidence rate of bleeding events due to portal hypertension.

2.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 732-735, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985465

ABSTRACT

This study followed up the immune memory after 3-dose revaccination among infants with non-and low-response following primary hepatitis B (HepB) vaccination. About 120 children without self-booster doses were finally included who had anti-HBs<10 mIU/ml (anti-HBs negative) at the time of follow-up, of whom 86 children completed blood sampling and anti-HBs testing. Before the challenge dose, all 86 children were negative for anti-HBs, and the GMC of anti-HBs was<10 mIU/ml. The seropositive conversion rate of anti-HBs was 100% and the GMC of anti-HBs was 886.11 (95%CI: 678.15-1 157.84) mIU/ml after the challenge dose. Compared with those with GMC<7 mIU/ml before the challenge dose, infants with GMC>7 mIU/ml had a higher anti-HBs level after the challenge dose. The β value (95%CI) was 0.82 (0.18-1.46) (P=0.012). Compared with those with GMC<1 000 mIU/ml at primary vaccination, infants with GMC≥1 000 mIU/ml had a higher anti-HBs level after the challenge dose. The β value (95%CI) was 0.78 (0.18-1.38)(P=0.012). The results showed a stronger immune memory was found at 9 years after revaccination among infants with non-and low-response to HepB.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Hepatitis B Vaccines , Immunization, Secondary , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Immunologic Memory , Follow-Up Studies , Vaccination , Hepatitis B/prevention & control , Hepatitis B Antibodies
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 253-258, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969831

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the characteristics and correlations of vaginal flora in women with cervical lesions. Methods: A total of 132 women, including 41 women diagnosed with normal cervical (NC), 39 patients with low-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 1), 37 patients with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 2/3) and 15 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), who came from the gynecological clinic of Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University during January 2018 to June 2018, were enrolled in this study according to the inclusive and exclusive criteria strictly. The vaginal flora was detected by 16S rDNA sequencing technology. Co-occurrence network analysis was used to investigate the Spearman correlations between different genera of bacteria. Results: The dominant bacteria in NC, CIN 1 and CIN 2/3 groups were Lactobacillus [constituent ratios 79.4% (1 869 598/2 354 098), 63.6% (1 536 466/2 415 100) and 58.3% (1 342 896/2 301 536), respectively], while Peptophilus [20.4% (246 072/1 205 154) ] was the dominant bacteria in SCC group. With the aggravation of cervical lesions, the diversity of vaginal flora gradually increased (Shannon index: F=6.39, P=0.001; Simpson index: F=3.95, P=0.012). During the cervical lesion progress, the ratio of Lactobacillus gradually decreased, the ratio of other anaerobes such as Peptophilus, Sneathia, Prevotella and etc. gradually increased, and the differential bacteria (LDA score >3.5) gradually evolved from Lactobacillus to other anaerobes. The top 10 relative abundance bacteria, spearman correlation coefficient>0.4 and P<0.05 were selected. Co-occurrence network analysis showed that Prevotella, Peptophilus, Porphyrinomonas, Anaerococcus, Sneathia, Atopobium, Gardnerella and Streptococcus were positively correlated in different stages of cervical lesions, while Lactobacillus was negatively correlated with the above anaerobes. It was found that the relationship between vaginal floras in CIN 1 group was the most complex and only Peptophilus was significantly negatively correlated with Lactobacillus in SCC group. Conclusions: The increased diversity and changed correlations between vaginal floras are closely related to cervical lesions. Peptophilus is of great significance in the diagnosis, prediction and early warning of cervical carcinogenesis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Vagina/microbiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Uterine Cervical Dysplasia , Cervix Uteri , Lactobacillus/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections
4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 325-329, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992302

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe the current status and efficacy of additional acarbose combined with insulin therapy in adult patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) .Methods:Adult T1DM patients with acarbose combined with insulin (acarbose group) or insulin alone (insulin group), age≥18 years and disease course≥1 year, who were registered in the T1DM Translational Medicine Research Project of Guangdong Province from June 2011 to December 2014 were enrolled in the study. The hemoglobin A1c (HbA 1c), body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), insulin dosage and hypoglycemia of acarbose group and insulin group after 1 year were compared. Results:A total of 717 adult patients with T1DM were included (62 cases in acarbose group and 655 cases in insulin group). At the time of enrollment, the onset age of acarbose group was higher than that of insulin group [(31.1±12.3)years vs (27.4±12.4)years, P=0.019]; There were no significant differences in gender, age, course of disease, body weight, BMI, WHR, proportion of carbohydrate heat ≥50%, proportion of exercise time ≥150 min per week, HbA 1c, dosage of insulin, occurence of hypoglycemia and proportion of patients with dyslipidemia between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). After 1 year of follow-up, the HbA 1c in acarbose and insulin group decreased from baseline ( P=0.014, P<0.001), the body weight and BMI increased from baseline (all P<0.05), but WHR, insulin dosage and hypoglycemia occurrence were not statistically significant between the two groups (all P>0.05). After 1 year of follow-up, there were no significant difference in changes of HbA 1c, body weight, BMI, WHR, insulin dosage and hypoglycemia occurrence in acarbose group compared with insulin group from baseline (all P>0.05). Conclusions:In the clinical practice of T1DM treatment, acarbose is used more frequently in patients with a slightly older age of onset. Treatment of T1DM with insulin combined with acarbose did not increase the incidence of hypoglycemia, and no benefit was observed in improving HbA 1c, maintaining body weight, and reducing insulin use.

5.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 169-174, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973436

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo learn the epidemiological features of foodborne diseases, and to provide scientific basis for disease control. MethodsThe monitoring data of foodborne diseases in Minhang from 2016 to 2020 were analyzed. Stool or swab specimens were collected to detect salmonella, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Escherichia coli, Shigella, Campylobacter jejuni and norovirus. ResultsThe information of15 951 foodborne disease cases and 11 176 samples were collected, with the positive rate of 12.03%.The cases with diarrhea accounted for 99.90% of the total. The cases with fever accounted for 14.70% of the total. The cases with water stool accounted for 89.70% of the total. May to October were the epidemic periods of foodborne diseases in Minhang(79.78%). The detection rate was the highest in the 30‒39 age group and cadre staff occupation(13.53%,13.49%). The detection rates of foodborne bacteria and virus were 5.39% (Vibrio parahaemolyticus), 3.25% (salmonella),1.44% (norovirus), 1.06%(Escherichia coli), 0.56% (Campylobacter jejuni), 0.34% (mixed infection) and 0% (Shigella). During this 5-year period, the positive rate of Vibrio parahaemolyticus decreased significantly, while the positive rate of salmonella and Escherichia coli and Campylobacter jejuni increased significantly. The main suspected food were aquatic products (29.44%), meat (25.80%) and fruits (10.78%). The main processing methods of suspected food were family workshop (41.12%) and restaurants (37.55%). The total detection rate of the cases was the highest in the canteen, reaching 20.51%. ConclusionFoodborne disease cases have a seasonal peak. The positive detection of pathogens tends to be similar year by year. The main suspected food is aquatic products. The main resources of suspected food are family workshop, restaurants, and canteen. Targeted health education, supervision and management should be taken to prevent the occurrence of foodborne diseases and the outbreak of food poisoning

6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 453-458, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935307

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between red blood cell folate (RBC folate) and the prognosis of low-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 1). Methods: In the married women cohort established in 2014, 564 women with CIN 1 diagnosed by pathology were recruited. The demographic characteristics and factors of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia were collected. Meanwhile, the infection status of human papillomavirus (HPV) was detected by molecular diversion hybridization, and the level of RBC folate was measured by chemical photoimmunoassay. After 24 months of follow-up, pathological examination was performed again to observe the prognosis of participants. The women with reversal were taken as the control group,and those with continuous and progressive CIN 1 were taken as the case group respectively. The relationship between RBC folate and CIN 1 outcome was evaluated by logistic regression model. Results: 453 women completed the follow-up, aged (49.72±6.84) years old. CIN 1 was reversed in 342 women, continued in 58 cases and progressed in 53 cases. The RBC folate level M (Q1,Q3) were 399.01 (307.10, 538.97) ng/ml, 316.98 (184.74, 428.49) ng/ml and 247.14 (170.54, 348.97) ng/ml, respectively. With the decrease of RBC folate, the risk of continuous and progressive CIN 1 increased (all P<0.001), while the risk of reversal CIN 1 decreased gradually (P<0.001). Combined with high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection status, low level of RBC folate could increase the risk of CIN 1 progression regardless of HR-HPV infection (HR-HPV infection: OR=21.34, 95%CI: 3.98-114.54; HR-HPV uninfection: OR=11.15, 95%CI: 2.34-53.13). Conclusion: Low level of RBC folate could increase the risk of CIN 1 persistence and progression regardless of HR-HPV infection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Alphapapillomavirus , Case-Control Studies , Uterine Cervical Dysplasia , Erythrocytes , Folic Acid , Papillomaviridae , Papillomavirus Infections , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
7.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 422-426, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933991

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of oral-facial muscle training applying virtual reality technology (VR) and of action observation therapy on the salivation of children with cerebral palsy (CP).Methods:Sixty CP children with uncontrolled salivation were randomly divided into a control group and an observation group, each of 30. In addition to conventional rehabilitation treatment, the control group received routine tongue muscle training, buccal lip muscle training, ice stimulation, and Masako swallowing training. The observation group received oral-facial muscle training based on action observation therapy in a virtual environment. Both groups were trained 30min per day, 5 times a week for 3 weeks. Before and after the treatment, drooling (DDSS) and swallowing function scores were evaluated. Integrated surface electromyography (iEMG) of the buccinator and orbicularis oris muscles was also performed.Results:After treatment, a significant decrease was observed in the average DDSS and the swallowing function scores of both the control and observation groups, along with a significant increase in the average root mean square values of the buccinator and orbicularis oris iEMGs of both groups. However, the average DDSS score of the observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group, while the average iEMG readings were significantly better.Conclusion:VR-based action observation oral-facial muscle training is a more effective supplement to conventional rehabilitation treatment than conventional oral-facial muscle training in improving the salivation of children with CP.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 375-384, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930947

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of perioperative probiotics supplement on short-term clinical outcomes in gastric cancer patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with radical gastrectomy.Methods:The prospective randomized controlled study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 80 patients who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with radical gastrectomy in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from July 2020 to September 2021 were selected. Based on random number table, patients were allocated into two groups. Patients undergoing perioperative probiotics supplement were allocated into the experiment group, and patients undergoing perioperative conventional treatment were allocated into the control group, respectively. Observation indicators: (1) grouping situations of the enrolled patients; (2) intraoperative situations; (3) follow-up and postoperative situations; (4) inflammation related hematological indexes. Follow-up was conducted using telephone interview and outpatient examina-tion to detect postoperative complications and startup of adjuvant chemotherapy up to October 31,2021. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the independent sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was performed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Repeated measurement data were analyzed by the repeated ANOVA or generalized estimating equation. Results:(1) Grouping situations of the enrolled patients. A total of 80 patients were selected for eligibility. There were 51 males and 29 females, aged 64(42-80)years. Of the 80 patients, there were 40 patients in the experiment group and 40 patients in the control group, respectively. (2) Intraoperative situations. All patients in the experiment group and the control group underwent radical gastrectomy successfully. Cases with yield pathologic TNM (ypTNM) stage 0, stage Ⅰ, stage Ⅱ, stage Ⅲ after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, cases undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy or Da Vinci robotic radical gastrectomy, the operation time, the volume of intraoperative blood loss, cases undergoing digestive tract recons-truction as Billroth Ⅱ anastomosis or Roux-en-Y anastomosis were 2, 7, 15, 13, 19, 21,205(180-240)minutes, 50(30-60)mL, 6, 34 in the experiment group, versus 4, 6, 12, 16, 23, 17, 218(190-251)minutes, 50(43-60)mL, 11, 29 in the control group, showing no significant difference in the above indicators between the two groups ( U=683.00, χ2=0.80, U=668.00, 681.00, χ2=1.87, P>0.05). (3) Follow-up and postoperative situations. All the 80 patients were followed up for 1 month after surgery. Cases with postoperative infectious complications were 6 in the experiment group, versus 15 in the control group, showing a significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=5.23, P<0.05). The application of antimicrobial agent, time to postoperative first flatus, time to postoperative first defecation, time to tolerance of solid food, duration of postoperative hospital stay, time to postopera-tive startup of adjuvant chemotherapy were 3(3-6)doses, 53(49-66)hours, 72(62-82)hours, (72±18)hours, 6.0(5.5-7.0)days, 26.0(25.0-28.0)days in the experiment group, versus 6(3-10)doses, 66(60-88)hours, 94(82-112)hours, (107±23)hours, 7.0(6.4-8.3)days, 30.0(28.0-33.0)days in the control group, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( U=471.50, 432.00, 343.50, t=-7.62, U=411.50, 319.50, P<0.05). (4) Inflam-mation related hematological indexes. ① The white blood cell counts before surgery and at postoperative day 1, 3, 5 were (5.6±1.4)×10 9/L, (9.9±3.2)×10 9/L, (7.7±2.6)×10 9/L, (6.8±1.8)×10 9/L in the experiment group, versus (6.1±1.9)×10 9/L, (12.3±2.9)×10 9/L, (9.7±3.6)×10 9/L, (7.8±2.7)×10 9/L in the control group, meeting the mauchly′s test of sphericity ( χ2=4.17, P>0.05). Results of intrasubject effect test showed that there were significant differences in the time effect, intervention effect and interaction effect of white blood cell counts between the two groups ( F=106.61, 10.45, 4.56, P<0.05). ② The neutrophilic granulocyte percentages before surgery and at postoperative day 1, 3, 5 were 55%±10%, 76%±11%, 73%±9%, 69%±9% in the experiment group, versus 56%±9%, 84%±5%, 79%±8%, 74%±9% in the control group, not meeting the mauchly′s test of sphericity ( χ2=16.63, P<0.05). Results of multi-variate test showed that there were significant differences in the time effect, intervention effect and interaction effect of neutrophilic granulocyte percentages between the two groups ( F=92.42, 11.46, 5.55, P<0.05). ③ The levels of C-reactive protein before surgery and at postoperative day 1, 3, 5 were 1.35(1.15-1.97)mg/L, 14.94(8.24-21.22)mg/L, 33.39(13.02-66.02)mg/L, 18.36(8.27-60.43)mg/L in the experiment group, versus 1.62(0.97-2.27)mg/L, 24.03(10.42-36.52)mg/L, 81.66(31.20-116.76)mg/L, 46.84(28.30-80.26)mg/L in the control group, not meeting the normal distribution. Results of generalized estimation equation test showed that there were significant differences in the time effect, intervention effect and interaction effect of levels of C-reactive protein between the two groups ( Waldχ2=145.74, 9.48, 9.90, P<0.05). ④ The levels of procalcitonin before surgery and at postoperative day 1, 3, 5 were 0.02(0.02-0.04)μg/L, 0.08(0.06-0.12)μg/L, 0.12(0.07-0.21)μg/L, 0.09(0.06-0.15)μg/L in the experiment group, versus 0.02(0.02-0.04)μg/L, 0.14(0.07-0.71)μg/L, 0.35(0.14-0.71)μg/L, 0.24(0.10-0.48)μg/L in the control group, not meeting the normal distribution. Results of generalized estimation equation test showed that there were signifi-cant differences in the time effect, intervention effect and interaction effect of levels of procalcitonin between the two groups ( Waldχ2=62.88, 14.71, 18.33, P<0.05). Conclusion:Perioperative supple-ment of probiotics can reduce the incidence of postoperative infectious com-plications and the application of antimicrobial agent, promote recovery of gastrointestinal function, reduce the level of inflammation related indexes, shorten the duration of postoperative hospital stay and the time to postoperative startup of chemotherapy in patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with radical gastrectomy.

9.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 441-445, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929590

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThis study aimed to understand the epidemiological characteristics of hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in Minhang District, Shanghai from 2009 to 2020, and provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of HFMD. MethodsThe case information of HFMD was collected from the National Notifiable Infectious Diseases Reporting System of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. We used descriptive epidemiological methods to analyze the population characteristics, temporal and spatial distribution of HFMD, the pathogen composition of the case and its changing trend. ResultsFrom 2009 to 2020, a total of 66,198 cases of HFMD were reported in Minhang District, Shanghai, including 377 severe cases (severe case rate 0.57%) and 3 deaths (severs case fatality rate 0.80%). There were more cases of HFMD in boys than in girls (1.5∶1). HFMD patients aged under 5 years predominated, accounting for 88.91% of all cases. Majority of the cases (91.42%) were in scattered children (55.80%) and children in kindergartens (35.62%). The incidence showed a cyclical trend, with low incidence years and high incidence years appearing alternately. The peak period was from April to July, and sometimes there were small peaks during October to December. A total of 12 years time-space scanning analysis revealed 3 clusters. The cluster centers were located in Wujing Town, Huacao Town and Xinzhuang Town, respectively. The proportion of EV71 in common cases was generally decreasing, and reduced to zero in 2019. The proportion of CoxA6 had increased year by year, and reached 75.00% in 2020. CoxA6 became the dominant pathogen in recent years. The number of severe cases had decreased year by year since 2010, and the dominant pathogen was EV71 (90.03% on average) in severe cases. ConclusionThe incidence of HFMD in Minhang District of Shanghai has a downward trend from 2014. The dominant pathogen changes from EV71 to CoxA6, and the dominant pathogen in severe cases is EV71. The discovered temporal and spatial clustering pattern is helpful for in-depth understanding of the distribution and epidemic trend of HFMD in Minhang District, and provides a scientific basis for epidemic prevention and control.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 125-131, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940629

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the efficacy and safety of Fuzheng Huayu tablets (FHT) for treating pulmonary inflammation in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). MethodA total of 70(4 cases were lost to follow-up, and 66 cases were finally completed) COVID-19 patients were recruited from February 1 to April 15 in 2020. They were assigned to a control group (35 patients) and a FHT group (31 patients). The patients in the control group received routine treatment alone and those in the FHT group received FHT in addition to routine treatment. The primary outcome was the ratio of patients showing improvement in chest computed tomographic manifestations after 14 days. The secondary outcome measures included remission rate or progression rate of critical illness, clinical remission rate of respiratory symptoms, routine blood examination, C-reactive protein (CPR) level, procalcitonin (PCT) level, and blood oxygen saturation (SPO2). The safety was assessed based on liver and kidney functions and adverse events. ResultAfter the 14-day treatment, the ratio of patients showing improvement in the FHT group (100%) was higher than that in the control group (77.1%) (χ2=8.063,P<0.01). The ratio of disease stages after treatment showed no significant difference between two groups. In the FHT group, the symptoms including cough, dyspnea, and fatigue were alleviated after treatment (P<0.01). In the control group, the symptoms including fever, cough, and dyspnea were alleviated (P<0.01), while the fatigue was not relieved after treatment. No significant difference was observed in the clinical symptoms between the two groups after treatment. After treatment, the FHT group showed decreased white blood cell (WBC) count and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) (P<0.01), elevated platelet (PLT) level (P<0.05), lowered CRP level (P<0.05), and no significant difference in lymphocyte (LYM), hemoglobin (Hb), SPO2 or PCT level. The control group showed decreased NLR (P<0.05) and WBC count (P<0.01), elevated PCT level (P<0.05), and no significant change in LYM, Hb, PLT, SPO2 or CRP level after treatment. Furthermore, the FHT group had higher PLT level than the control group (P<0.05) after treatment, and other indicators had no significant differences between the two groups. The liver and kidney functions had no significant difference between the two groups after treatment. ConclusionFHT can safely promote the absorption of acute pulmonary inflammation in COVID-19 patients.

11.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 538-544, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939777

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen the active components from Fuzheng Huayu Recipe (FZHY) and redesign a new recipe composed of the active components, and validate the effect of active components formulation from FZHY against liver fibrosis.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two components from FZHY were evaluated for their activities against liver fibrosis respectively, with 6 kinds of cell models in vitro, including oxidative stressed hepatocyte in L-02, hypoxia injured/proliferative hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells in SK-HEP-1 and human hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (HHSEC), and activated hepatic stellate cell in LX-2. The comprehensive activity of each component against liver fibrosis was scored according to the role of original herbs in FZHY and cell functions in fibrogenesis. Totally 7 active components were selected and combined with equal proportion to form a novel active components formulation (ACF). The efficacy of ACF on liver fibrosis were evaluated on activation of LX-2 and proliferation of HHSEC in vitro and in liver fibrosis model mice induced by dimethylnitrosamine (DMN). Totally 72 mice were divided into 6 groups using a random number table, including normal, high-dose ACF control (20 µ mol/L × 7 components/kg body weight), model, low-, medium-, high-dose ACF groups (5, 10, 20 µ mol/L × 7 components/kg body weight, respectively). Hematoxylin eosin and Sirius red stainings were used to observe inflammation and fibrosis change of liver tissue; scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were utilized to observe the effect of ACF on ultrastructure of hepatic sinusoids.@*RESULTS@#Fifteen components from FZHY showed higher scores for their activity on against liver fibrosis. Among them, 7 components including tanshinone II A, salvianolic acid B, cordycepin, amygdalin, quercetin, protopanaxatriol, and schizandrin B were recombined with equal proportions to form ACF. ACF at 1,2, 4 µ mol/L showed strong inhibitory effects on activation of LX-2 and proliferation of HHSEC in vitro (all P<0.01). Compared with the model group, ACF attenuated liver collagen deposition, improved sinusoidal capillarization in a dose-dependent manner (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ACF exerts a satisfactory effect against experimental liver fibrosis and attenuates sinusoidal capillarization, which warrant a further research and development for herbal components formulation on liver fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Body Weight , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Endothelial Cells , Liver , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy
12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1363-1367, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956311

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the level of anti Mullerian hormone (AMH) and antral follicle count (AFC) and oocytes number in patients with in vitro fertilization (IVF). Methods:372 patients with primary infertility who received IVF and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) treatment in the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from January 2020 to December 2020 were prospectively selected as the study subjects. According to the oocytes obtained, the patients were divided into low ovarian response group (LOR group, the number of oocytes obtained ≤5, n=37), normal group (NOR group, the number of oocytes obtained was 6-15, n=292) and high ovarian response group (HOR group, the number of oocytes obtained >15, n=43). The levels of AMH and AFC in the three groups were observed. The relationship between AMH, AFC with LOR and HOR was observed by multivariate logistic analysis. The sensitivity, specificity, optimal cut-off value and area under the curve (AUC) of AMH and AFC for predicting LOR and HOR were calculated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:There were significant difference in AMH, AFC and oocyte number among the three groups (all P<0.05). The AMH, AFC and oocyte number in NOR group were higher than those in LOR group, and AMH, AFC and oocyte number in HOR group were higher than those in LOR and NOR group (all P<0.05). The results of binary multivariate analysis showed that AFC and AMH were protective factors of LOR (all P<0.05), while AFC and AMH were risk factors of HOR ( P<0.05). The sensitivity and specificity of AMH and AFC in predicting LOR were 83.8% and 75.7%, 65.7% and 84.2%, respectively. The sensitivity of AMH or AFC positive as the standard for predicting LOR was 94.6%, and the specificity of AMH and AFC was 91.6%. The sensitivity and specificity of positive AMH and AFC in predicting HOR were 69.8% and 74.4%, 69.6% and 83.6%, respectively. The sensitivity of AMH or AFC positive as the standard for predicting HOR was 93.0%, and the specificity of AMH and AFC positive as the standard for predicting HOR was 93.0%. Conclusions:AMH and AFC are significantly correlated with oocyte number in patients with primary infertility. Flexible application of AMH and AFC is beneficial to better predict the number of oocytes obtained, which provides a reference for clinical development of individualized ovarian stimulation program.

13.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 331-334, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924167

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo determine the epidemiological characteristics and risk factors of a norovirus GII.17 outbreak in Minhang District of Shanghai in 2018, and provide evidence for prevention and control measures of norovirus infection. MethodsDescriptive epidemiological analysis was performed. In addition, a retrospective cohort study was conducted to determine the risk factors. ResultsFrom May 30th to June 1st of 2018, a total of 132 cases (126 clinical cases and 6 confirmed cases) were documented,with an attack rate of 29.20%(132/452).All cases were children in a kindergarten, with the average age of 5 years and 43.9% being male. The cases were reported in all the classes, with no clustering by class or floor.The epidemic curve was characterized by a point source exposure, which was estimated to be probably between 7 AM on May 30thand 0:30 AM on May 31st. The retrospective cohort study showed that the attack rate significantly differed between the children who had taken and did not take the school lunch (RR=∞) on May 30th,and those who had taken and did not take seafood noodles (RR=4.11, 95%CI:1.09-15.55) (P<0.05). Among a total of 73 specimens, six specimens collected in child cases and one specimen in an asymptomatic chef tested positive for GII.17 type of norovirus. In addition, one retained food specimen of seafood noodles was positive for Aeromonas hydrophila. Viral shedding in the asymptomatic chef remained over 30 days. ConclusionThe outbreak was caused by seafood noodles contaminated by norovirus. It warrants enhancement in the regulation of food safety in canteens and regular examination of norovirus infection in catering industry employees.

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 708-715, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878092

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most aggressive cancers without effective therapy. To explore potential molecular targets in ESCC, we quantified the mutation spectrum and explored the relationship between gene mutation and clinicopathological characteristics and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression.@*METHODS@#Between 2015 and 2019, 29 surgically resected ESCC tissues and adjacent normal tissues from the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University were subjected to targeted next-generation sequencing. The expression levels of PD-L1 were detected by immunohistochemistry. Mutational signatures were extracted from the mutation count matrix by using non-negative matrix factorization. The relationship between detected genomic alterations and clinicopathological characteristics and PD-L1 expression was estimated by Spearman rank correlation analysis.@*RESULTS@#The most frequently mutated gene was TP53 (96.6%, 28/29), followed by NOTCH1 (27.6%, 8/29), EP300 (17.2%, 5/29), and KMT2C (17.2%, 5/29). The most frequently copy number amplified and deleted genes were CCND1/FGF3/FGF4/FGF19 (41.4%, 12/29) and CDKN2A/2B (10.3%, 3/29). By quantifying the contribution of the mutational signatures to the mutation spectrum, we found that the contribution of signature 1, signature 2, signature 10, signature 12, signature 13, and signature 17 was relatively high. Further analysis revealed genetic variants associated with cell cycle, chromatin modification, Notch, and Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription signaling pathways, which may be key pathways in the development and progression of ESCC. Evaluation of PD-L1 expression in samples showed that 13.8% (4/29) of samples had tumor proportion score ≥1%. 17.2% (5/29) of patients had tumor mutation burden (TMB) above 10 mut/Mb. All samples exhibited microsatellite stability. TMB was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (r = 0.468, P = 0.010), but not significantly associated with PD-L1 expression (r = 0.246, P = 0.198). There was no significant correlation between PD-L1 expression and detected gene mutations (all P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Our research initially constructed gene mutation profile related to surgically resected ESCC in high-incidence areas to explore the mechanism underlying ESCC development and potential therapeutic targets.


Subject(s)
Humans , B7-H1 Antigen , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Esophageal Neoplasms/genetics , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Mutation/genetics
15.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 867-874, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912126

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the profile and gene functional changes of gut microbiota (GM) in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) in Northwest China, and the correlations between GM and bone mineral density (BMD).Methods:From November 2018 to October 2019, postmenopausal women were screened on their initial visits to our hospital, and 24 new osteoporosis (OP) patients, 30 new osteopenia patients and nine negative controls were recruited. Fecal samples were collected for GM DNA extraction, and Illumina platforms were used for high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA and metagenome. Species annotation, GM profile and gene functions were viewed and analyzed.Results:GM profiles were significatly different in different groups, and the LDA scores of Peptostreptococcaceae, Romboutsia, unidentified Clostridiales, Megamonas, Erysipelatoclostridium, Klebsiella and Erysipelatoclostridium ramosum were more than 3 in OP group. Metagenomic sequencing analysis indicated that gene numbers were positively correlated with BMD, and metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, starch and sucrose metabolism and oxidative phosphorylation were negatively correlated with BMD. Receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC) showed that carbohydrate metabolism, starch and sucrose metabolism, amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism, oxidative phosphorylation, respectively, could identify OP with preferable sensitivity and specificity (areas under curve were 0.70, 0.72, 0.73 and 0.75, respectively). Conclusions:High-throughput sequencing had great potential for GM analysis of postmenopausal women with OP, providing evidence of the correlations between GM and BMD.

16.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 497-502, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911923

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the influence of different feeding patterns on mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in pregnant women with high viral loads who received antiviral medication during pregnancy to the day of delivery.Methods:This prospective cohort study was conducted in Beijing You'an Hospital. From January 1, 2019, to March 31, 2020, and 574 pregnant women with positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and HBV DNA>2×10 5 IU/ml were enrolled. All participants received tenofovir, telbivudine, lamivudine, or propofol tenofovir from 24-28 weeks of gestation and discontinued on the day of delivery, and their neonates were postnatally given routine passive-active immunoprophylaxis. Based on the feeding patterns, the subjects were divided into three groups: breastfeeding ( n=257), bottle-feeding ( n=241) and mixed feeding groups ( n=76). The follow-up data were obtained from liver functions and HBV DNA level of the mothers at 6-8 weeks postpartum and HBV serological markers of infants at 7-12 months. One-way ANOVA, Student-Newman-Keuls, Chi-square test or Fisher exact test, and repeated measures ANOVA were used to analyze the data. Results:The average maternal HBV DNA levels before antiviral treatment did not differ significantly between the three groups [(7.90±0.67), (7.82±0.70), (7.83±0.70) log 10 IU/ml, F=0.912, P>0.05]. HBV DNA level before delivery in the mixed feeding group was slightly lower than that in the breastfeeding and bottle-feeding group [(3.87 ±1.08) vs (4.21±1.17) and (4.30±1.28) log 10 IU/ml, q= 3.052 and 3.831, both P<0.05], while the comparison between the latter two groups showed no significant differences ( P>0.05). After delivery, HBV DNA level in the bottle-feeding group was slightly lower than that in the breastfeeding group [(7.42±0.93) vs (7.69±0.90) log 10 IU/ml, q=4.583, P<0.05]. Among 580 infants (including six pairs of twins), only one bottle-fed infant (0.4%, 1/243) was infected with HBV through MTCT, and none in the breastfeeding or mixed feeding group ( P=0.553). Conclusions:For pregnant women with high viral loads of HBV who have received antiviral medication during pregnancy, although HBV DNA level will rebound after discontinuation upon delivery, breastfeeding is recommended considering it does not increase the risk of MTCT.

17.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 389-406, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887676

ABSTRACT

As non-pharmaceutical interventions, non-invasive electrical neuromodulation techniques are promising in pain management. With many advantages, such as low costs, high usability, and non-invasiveness, they have been exploited to treat multiple types of clinical pain. Proper use of these techniques requires a comprehensive understanding of how they work. In this article, we reviewed recent studies concerning non-invasive electrical peripheral nerve stimulation (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and transcutaneous vagus/vagal nerve stimulation) as well as electrical central nerve stimulation (transcranial direct current stimulation and transcranial alternating current stimulation). Specifically, we discussed their analgesic effects on acute and chronic pain, and the neural mechanisms thereof. We then contrasted the four kinds of nerve stimulation techniques, pointing out limitations of existing studies and proposing directions for future research. With more extensive and in-depth research to overcome these limitations, we shall witness more clinical applications of non-invasive electrical nerve stimulations to alleviate patients' pain and ease the crippling medical and economic burden imposed on patients, their families, and the entire society.


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesics , Chronic Pain , Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Vagus Nerve Stimulation
18.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 61-65, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886826

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of syphilis prevention and control in Hubei Province from 2011 to 2020, to summarize the experience and practice, to analyze the existing problems and causes, and to study and put forward policy and strategy suggestions, so as to provide reference for formulating the national “14th five-year plan” and carrying out the next step of prevention and control work. Methods The National STD Prevention and Control Management Information System, STD Prevention and Control New Media Health Service Platform, National AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Information System, and National Management Information System for the Prevention of AIDS, Syphilis, and Mother-to-Child Transmission of Hepatitis B were used to analyze and evaluate the completion of main prevention and control indicators in Hubei Province. Results Among the 16 evaluation indexes, 10 indexes including the effectiveness of syphilis promotion and training for various groups of people, the proportion of pregnant women undergoing syphilis testing in the monitoring and testing work, and the effectiveness of syphilis prevention and treatment, all met the requirements of the plan. In addition, some of the 5 indexes failed to meet the requirements of the plan. Conclusion Hubei Province has fairly fulfilled the work requirements of the Plan. It is still necessary to strengthen the syphilis prevention and control to ensure the urban pregnant women infected with syphilis and their infants to receive standardized STD diagnosis and treatment services, and the drug users in the drug maintenance treatment clinic to receive free syphilis testing, and to provide referral services for the syphilis antibody positive patients at AIDS voluntary counseling and testing points.

19.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 63-66, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886091

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate aluminum content in commercially available flour products in Minhang District, Shanghai, and to assess the risk of dietary aluminum exposure among permanent residents in Minhang. Methods From 2018 to 2019, a total of 227 samples including fried flour products, steamed flour products, puffed products and baked flour products, were collected in Minhang District to detect the aluminum content. The food frequency table was used to investigate the consumption of flour foods by permanent residents in Minhang District and to assess population dietary aluminum exposure risk. Results The average content of aluminum in 227 kinds of flour products was 31.66 mg/kg, and the exceeding standard rate was 3.96%. The over-standard foods were all fried flour products, and the over-standard rate reached 10.47%. Moreover, the aluminum over standard rate of flour products produced by itinerant vendors and restaurants was significantly higher than that of flour products produced by supermarkets and manufacturers. The average dietary intake of aluminum in Minhang residents was 0.18 mg/kg per week, accounting for 9.03% of the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI). The aluminum exposure of the population with high consumption of foods was 1.4 mg/kg per week, accounting for 69.90% of the PTWI. Among the four types of flour products, fried flour products had the highest contribution rate to aluminum exposure. The daily consumption of fried flour products in males was significantly higher than that in females (P<0.05), and the 18-34 age group was significantly higher than the 60 years old and above group (P<0.05). Conclusion The risk of the average dietary aluminum exposure of flour foods among Minhang residents is relatively low, but people with high consumption of foods would be confronted with increased health risks. It is necessary to strengthen the supervision on the use of aluminum-containing additives in itinerant vendors and restaurants, and actively advocate reducing the frequency and the consumption of fried flour products, thus reduce the exposure to the high risk of dietary aluminum in fried flour products

20.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 96-100, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885050

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of tropisetron on pyroptosis in cardiomyocytes subjected to hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) and the relationship with α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR).Methods:Routinely cultured H9C2 cardiomyocytes were divided into 4 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: control group (C group), H/R group, tropisetron plus H/R group (Tro+ H/R group), and α7nAchR antagonist MLA plus tropisetron plus H/R group (MLA+ Tro+ H/R group). H/R was produced by 12 h exposure of cells to hypoxia followed by 6 h reoxygenation in the other three groups except group C. Tropisetron at the final concentration of 10 nmol/L was added at 1 h before hypoxia in group Tro+ H/R.In group MLA+ Tro+ H/R, MLA was added at 2 h before hypoxia, and then 1 h later tropisetron at the final concentration of 10 nmol/L was given.At 6 h of reoxygenation, the pyroptosis rate of cardiomyocytes was determined by fluorescence immunostaining of caspase-1-AlexaFluor 488/DAPI, the concentrations of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and IL-18 in the supernatant were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the activity of LDH in the supernatant was measured by 2, 4 dinitrophenylhydra-zine colorimetric method, and the expression of α7nAchR, NLRP3 and caspase-1 in cardiomyocytes was detected by Western blot. Results:Compared with group C, the pyroptosis rate, activity of LDH and concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in the supernatant were significantly increased, the expression of NLRP3 and caspase-1 was up-regulated, and the expression of α7nAchR was down-regulated in group H/R ( P<0.05). Compared with group H/R, the pyroptosis rate, activity of LDH and concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in the supernatant were significantly decreased, the expression of NLRP3 and caspase-1 was down-regulated, and the expression of α7nAchR was up-regulated in group Tro+ H/R ( P<0.05). Compared with group Tro+ H/R, the pyroptosis rate, activity of LDH and concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in the supernatant were significantly increased, the expression of NLRP3 and caspase-1 was up-regulated, and the expression of α7nAchR was down-regulated in group MLA+ Tro+ H/R ( P<0.05). Conclusion:α7nAchR is involved in the process of tropisetron inhibiting pyroptosis in cardiomyocytes subjected to H/R.

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