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1.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 525-533, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995320

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the status of T, B and NK lymphocytes in peripheral blood of patients with chronic hepatitis B virus(HBV) infection and low-level viremia after nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) treatment and to provide ideas for solving low-level viremia.Methods:This retrospective study involved 344 patients with chronic HBV infection who had been treated with NAs. They were divided into two groups: low-level viremia group (LLV group) and complete virological response group (CVR group). Clinical data including basic information, biochemistry and coagulation test results, HBV DNA, peripheral blood lymphocyte counts, PD1 and CD28 expression by T lymphocytes, and perforin and granzyme B expression by NK lymphocytes were collected and compared between the two groups. Propensity matching analysis was performed to verify the accuracy of the results.Results:Among the 344 cases, 162 were in the LLV group and 182 in the CVR group. There were no significant differences in disease diagnosis, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or albumin (ALB) level between the two groups ( P>0.05), but the differences in gender and age were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The differences in the counts and percentages of peripheral blood CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocyte and CD4 + /CD8 + ratios between the two groups were not statistically significant ( P>0.05), but the expression of PD1 and CD28 by peripheral blood CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocytes was higher in the LLV group than in the CVR group ( P<0.05). The count of peripheral blood CD19 + B lymphocytes in the LLV group was higher than that in the CVR group ( P>0.05), and the percentage of peripheral blood CD19 + B lymphocytes was also higher in the LLV group ( P<0.05). The count of peripheral blood CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes and the expression of perforin in the LLV group were lower than those in the CVR group ( P>0.05). The percentage of peripheral blood CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes and the expression of granzyme B in the LLV group were lower than those in the CVR group ( P<0.05). After propensity score matching, 108 cases in the LLV group and 108 cases in the CVR group showed no significant differences in basic information ( P>0.05); the percentage of CD4 + T lymphocytes and CD4 + /CD8 + ratio in peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets were higher in the LLV group than in the CVR group, while the percentage of CD8 + lymphocytes was lower in the LLV group ( P<0.05); the expression of PD1 and CD28 by CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocytes remained higher in the LLV group ( P<0.05); the differences in the counts and percentages of peripheral blood CD19 + B lymphocytes as well as CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes between the two groups were not statistically significant ( P>0.05); no significant difference in the expression of perforin by CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes was found between the two groups ( P>0.05), and the expression of granzyme B remained lower in the LLV group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Abnormal number and function of T lymphocytes and decreased function of NK lymphocytes might be related to the development of LLV in patients with chronic HBV infection after treatment. Therefore, in addition to adjusting NAs, targeting of T and NK lymphocytes might also be a feasible measure for future LLV treatment.

2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 757-761, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990249

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the needs of parents of hospitalized neonates with the challenges of implementing family-centered care during the Covid-19 pandemic.Methods:Using a method of phenomenological interviewing and Colaizzi′s method of data analysis, the information of 18 parents of admitted infants of Children′s Hospital of Fudan University from January 1 to 20, 2022 were collected and analyzed.Results:In the post-epidemic era, 5 themes of needs for parents of hospitalized neonates during family-centered care were identified: closeness to babies; emotional support; training about feeding; accommodation services; financial support.Conclusions:In the post-epidemic era, experiencing worry, anxiety, uncertainty, helplessness, loss and other negative psychological experience, the parents of hospitalized neonates have many unsatisfied needs. Hospital administrators need to focus on the needs of parents for family-centered nursing care, and actively explore effective coping strategies.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 280-286, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971137

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the diagnostic efficacy of seven glomerular filtration rate (GFR) evaluation formulas Schwartz2009, Schwartz1976, Counahan-Barratt, Filler, CKD-EPIscysc, Cockrofi-Gault, CKD-EPIScysC-Scr in high concentration of methotrexate (HDMTX) chemotherapy dose adjusted cut-off point (GFR ≤85 ml/min) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#One hundred and twenty-four children with ALL were included in the study. GFR determined by renal dynamic imaging (sGFR) was used as the standard to evaluate the accuracy, consistency of eGFR calculated by seven formulas and sGFR, and the diagnostic efficacy of each formula when the sGFR ≤85 ml/min boundary.@*RESULTS@#All of the accuracy of eGFR estimated by Schwartz2009 were greater than 70% in the 0-3, >4 and ≤6, >6 and ≤9, >9 and ≤16 years old group and male group, and the consistency exceeded the professional threshold. When the sensitivity of the ROC curve sGFR ≤85 ml/min was 100% of CKD-EPIscysc in the 0-3, >3 and ≤4 years old group, Filler in the >3 and ≤4 years old group, and Cockrofi-Gault in the >6 and ≤9 years old group, the specificity was 73.02%, 78.95%, 78.95%, 69.32%, respectively, and the AUC under the ROC curve was the largest (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Schwartz2009 formula predicts the highest accuracy of eGFR in the 7 glomerular filtration rate. CKD-EPIscysc, Filler, and Cockrofi-Gault formulas have more guiding signi-ficance for the adjustment of HDMTX chemotherapy in pre-adolescence in children with ALL when sGFR ≤85 ml/min.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Male , Child , Child, Preschool , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Methotrexate , Creatinine , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis
4.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 653-659, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930491

ABSTRACT

Antipyretic-analgesics are currently one of the most prescribed drugs in children.The clinical application of antipyretic-analgesics for children in our country still have irrational phenomenon, which affects the therapeutic effect and even poses hidden dangers to the safety of children.In this paper, suggestions were put forward from the indications, dosage form/route, dosage suitability, pathophysiological characteristics of children with individual differences and drug interactions in the symptomatic treatment of febrile children, so as to provide reference for the general pharmacists when conducting prescription review.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 312-317, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928911

ABSTRACT

Stainless steel has been widely used in non-active surgical implantable medical device of cardiovascular, orthopedics, dental and ophthalmology. In this paper, we mainly focused on development of stainless steel, as well as the material-related standard evolution. We further summarized the recent advancement of stainless steel use in surgical implantable medical device. Insight and regulatory perspective has been further demonstrated.


Subject(s)
Prostheses and Implants , Stainless Steel
6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 547-553, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939783

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the current status and further development of Panax genus and 6 important individual species including P. notoginseng, P. quinquefolium, P. vietnamensis, P. japonicus, P. stipuleanatus and P. zingiberensis.@*METHODS@#The bibliometric analysis was based on the Web of Science core database platform from Thomson Reuters. Totally, 7,574 records of scientific research of Panax species published from 1900-2019 were analyzed. The statistical and visualization analysis was performed by CiteSpace and HistCite software.@*RESULTS@#The academic research of Panax species increase promptly. Plant science is the main research field while research and experimental medicine and agricultural engineering will be the further development tendency. Particularly, the discrimination research of P. notoginseng will be the research tendency among Panax species, especially diversity research. In addition, P. vietnamensis deserves more attention in the genus Panax.@*CONCLUSION@#This research provides a reference for further research of the genus and individual species.


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , Panax
7.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 661-671, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939779

ABSTRACT

Cancer is one of the most devastating diseases worldwide and definitive therapeutics for treating cancer are not yet available despite extensive research efforts. The key challenges include limiting factors connected with traditional chemotherapeutics, primarily drug resistance, low response rates, and adverse side-effects. Therefore, there is a high demand for novel anti-cancer drugs that are both potent and safe for cancer prevention and treatment. Gallic acid (GA), a natural botanic phenolic compound, can mediate various therapeutic properties that are involved in anti-inflammation, anti-obesity, and anti-cancer activities. More recently, GA has been shown to exert anti-cancer activities via several biological pathways that include migration, metastasis, apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, angiogenesis, and oncogene expression. This review discusses two aspects, one is the anti-cancer potential of GA against different types of cancer and the underlying molecular mechanisms, the other is the bibliometric analysis of GA in cancer and tumor research. The results indicated that lung cancer, prostate cancer, stomach cancer, and colon adenocarcinoma may become a hot topic in further research. Overall, this review provides evidence that GA represents a promising novel, potent, and safe anti-cancer drug candidate for treating cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Colonic Neoplasms , Gallic Acid/therapeutic use
8.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 741-744, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907314

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, more and more attention was attached to the problem of children′s growth and development.It is known that postnatal growth is mainly regulated by the conserved GH-IGF-1 axis that acts through endocrine and paracrine pathways.It is now well established that undernourished children harbor an altered microbiota, correlated with impaired growth.Moreover, many disorders of intestinal flora are always accompanied by growth retardation.These evidences show that there might be a certain relationship between intestinal flora and growth and development.Recent studies have demonstrated that intestinal flora may regulate the growth and development process through this axis, and GH-IGF-1 axis may also affect the composition and diversity of intestinal flora.This paper reviewes the bidirectional regulatory relationship between intestinal microbiota and the GH-IGF-1 axis to reveal the functional relationship between growth and development of children and GH-IGF-1 axis as well as the intestinal flora.By elucidating the influence of intestinal flora on growth and development, a new approach would be found for the application of therapeutic methods of microflora in the field of growth retardation in children.

9.
Diabetes & Metabolism Journal ; : 241-250, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890374

ABSTRACT

BackgroundGenetic interactions are known to play an important role in the missing heritability problem for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Interactions between enhancers and their target genes play important roles in gene regulation and disease pathogenesis. In the present study, we aimed to identify genetic interactions between enhancers and their target genes associated with T2DM.MethodsWe performed genetic interaction analyses of enhancers and protein-coding genes for T2DM in 2,696 T2DM patients and 3,548 controls of European ancestry. A linear regression model was used to identify single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) pairs that could affect the expression of the protein-coding genes. Differential expression analyses were used to identify differentially expressed susceptibility genes in diabetic and nondiabetic subjects.ResultsWe identified one SNP pair, rs4947941×rs7785013, significantly associated with T2DM (combined P=4.84×10−10). The SNP rs4947941 was annotated as an enhancer, and rs7785013 was located in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene. This SNP pair was significantly associated with EGFR expression in the pancreas (P=0.033), and the minor allele “A” of rs7785013 decreased EGFR gene expression and the risk of T2DM with an increase in the dosage of “T” of rs4947941. EGFR expression was significantly upregulated in T2DM patients, which was consistent with the effect of rs4947941×rs7785013 on T2DM and EGFR expression. A functional validation study using the Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) database showed that EGFR was associated with diabetes-relevant phenotypes.ConclusionGenetic interaction analyses of enhancers and protein-coding genes suggested that EGFR may be a novel susceptibility gene for T2DM.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1178-1187, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886987

ABSTRACT

To explore the characteristics of soil microbial communities of Cistanche deserticola and Cynomorium songaricum, two typical parasitic medicinal plants that live in an extreme saline alkali environment, 16S PCR was used to sequence the soil microbial communities of C. deserticola and C. songaricum in Ebinur Lake, Xinjiang. Redundancy analysis and correlation analysis were carried out based on the abundance of core microbiome and ecoclimatic factors. The results show that the diversity of the soil microbial community of C. deserticola was significantly higher than that of C. songaricum. The core microbial groups of C. deserticola and C. songaricum were Marinomona, Halomonadaceae, Rhizobiales, Halomonas, and Acidimicrobiales. Six specific biomarkers were identified as Micrococcacea, Echinicola, Glutamicibacter, Galbibacter, Pseudoalteromonas, and Marinobacterium_ rhizophilum. The results of redundancy analysis and correlation analysis show that the average temperature in the driest season and the average temperature in the coldest season, and the clay content and soil texture classification were the main ecological factors affecting the composition of these soil microbial communities. This study provides a theoretical basis for finding molecular markers of C. deserticola and C. songaricum and promoting the quality of C. deserticola and C. songaricum.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 869-875, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880161

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between pretransplant serum ferritin (SF) level and prolonged or prolonged isolated thrombocytopenia (PT) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 35 patients with PT after allo-HSCT were retrospectively analyzed, and 35 patients were matched according to age and sex as a controls from 424 allo-HSCT patients with normal platelet count. The serum ferritin level before the transplantation was analyzed. The potential risk factors were analyzed by chi-square test and Fisher's exact test as well as univariate and multivariate logistic regression. The survival curve was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier model to explore its clinical significance. In addition, ROC curve was used to verify the predictive power of SF.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group, the SF level in the PT group before transplantation significantly increased (P=0.001). Multivariate analysis results showed that SF level before transplantation was a risk factor for prolonged thrombocytopenia after HSCT, and patients with SF≥1000 ng / ml showed a higher risk of death (P=0.014). ROC curve showed that SF level could be used as a predictor of prolonged thrombocytopenia after allo-HSCT.@*CONCLUSION@#The SF level before allo-HSCT relates with occurrence and prognosis of PT in patients after allo-HSCT. Detection of SF level can provide guidance for the intervention of prolonged thrombocytopenia after HSCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ferritins , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Thrombocytopenia , Transplantation, Homologous
12.
Diabetes & Metabolism Journal ; : 241-250, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898078

ABSTRACT

BackgroundGenetic interactions are known to play an important role in the missing heritability problem for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Interactions between enhancers and their target genes play important roles in gene regulation and disease pathogenesis. In the present study, we aimed to identify genetic interactions between enhancers and their target genes associated with T2DM.MethodsWe performed genetic interaction analyses of enhancers and protein-coding genes for T2DM in 2,696 T2DM patients and 3,548 controls of European ancestry. A linear regression model was used to identify single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) pairs that could affect the expression of the protein-coding genes. Differential expression analyses were used to identify differentially expressed susceptibility genes in diabetic and nondiabetic subjects.ResultsWe identified one SNP pair, rs4947941×rs7785013, significantly associated with T2DM (combined P=4.84×10−10). The SNP rs4947941 was annotated as an enhancer, and rs7785013 was located in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene. This SNP pair was significantly associated with EGFR expression in the pancreas (P=0.033), and the minor allele “A” of rs7785013 decreased EGFR gene expression and the risk of T2DM with an increase in the dosage of “T” of rs4947941. EGFR expression was significantly upregulated in T2DM patients, which was consistent with the effect of rs4947941×rs7785013 on T2DM and EGFR expression. A functional validation study using the Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) database showed that EGFR was associated with diabetes-relevant phenotypes.ConclusionGenetic interaction analyses of enhancers and protein-coding genes suggested that EGFR may be a novel susceptibility gene for T2DM.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 54-59, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780577

ABSTRACT

The coagulation VIII factor (FVIII) contains eight pairs of disulfide bonds, which are involved in maintaining its structure and function. It has been demonstrated that the disulfide bond between Cys1899/Cys1903 of the A3 domain in the light chain impedes secretion. In our previous work, an engineered inter-chain disulfide in the B domain-deleted FVIII (BDD-FVIII) promoted heterodimer assembly and secretion of separately expressed heavy and light chains. In this study, we constructed two BDD-FVIII variants, one of which contains an engineered inter-chain disulfide bond (F8C) between Met662 > Cys and Asp1828 > Cys mutations and another contains an endogenous A3 domain with a disrupted disulfide bond from F8C (F8CG) by replacement of Cys1899 and Cys1903 with Gly in F8C. We explored their function and secretion. By transducing F8C and F8CG into HEK293 and COS-7 cells, the formation of disulfide bonds and the secretion and coagulation activity of the two variants in the culture media and their binding affinity for von Willebrand factor (vWF) could be observed. The results show that variants F8C and F8CG are mainly the disulfide bonded heavy and light chain dimer, while the wild type BDD-FVIII (F8) is dominated by the easily dissociated heavy and light chain dimer. The secretion and activity of F8C was significantly higher than that of F8, while the secretion and activity of F8CG was significantly higher than that of F8C. The vWF binding of the two variants is similar to F8. This indicates that the BDD-FVIII variant F8CG may be attractive molecule for protein replacement and as a transgene in gene-therapy strategies. These findings are encouraging for future studies targeting disulfide bond elimination for further enhancement of FVIII secretion.

14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 988-993, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866945

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a predictive model and investigate its value in evaluating short-term prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF).Methods:Patients with HBV-ACLF admitted to Tianjin Second People's Hospital and Beijing Youan Hospital, Capital Medical University from May 2015 to October 2018 were enrolled. The data of gender, age, laboratory markers at admission, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score and clinical complications were collected for analysis. According to the prognosis on 12-week, patients were divided into survival group and death group. Univariate analysis and binary Logistic regression analysis were used to test the risk factors for short-term prognosis of the patients with HBV-ACLF, and a prediction model was established. The accuracy of each index and the established model were verified by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:A total of 148 patients with HBV-ACLF were enrolled in the study, 91 cases survived while 57 cases died during the 12-week period. The age, total bilirubin (TBIL), neutrophil percentage (NEUT%), hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), MELD score of death group were higher than those of survival group [age (years old): 50.00 (44.50, 55.00) vs. 43.00 (34.00, 53.00), TBIL (μmol/L): 310.30 (240.70, 405.70) vs. 266.40 (184.20, 360.20), NEUT%: (74.52±13.05)% vs. (66.64±12.35)%, lg HBsAg (kU/L): 3.72 (3.29, 3.92) vs. 2.97 (2.49, 3.78), MELD score: 24.27 (19.71, 27.40) vs. 21.88 (18.83, 24.38), all P < 0.05], while albumin (ALB), total cholesterol (CHO), prothrombin activity (PTA) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) were lower than those of survival group [ALB (g/L): 29.80 (27.05, 31.05) vs. 30.80 (28.00, 33.90), CHO (mmol/L): 1.98 (1.50, 2.38) vs. 2.49 (2.05, 3.01), PTA: (30.37±7.09)% vs. (32.94±6.03)%, AFP (μg/L): 21.54 (9.28, 51.54) vs. 66.16 (24.50, 152.80), all P < 0.05]. Logistic regression analysis showed that NEUT%, HBsAg and AFP were independent risk factors for short-term prognosis of patients with HBV-ACLF [odds ratio ( OR) was 77.843, 1.439, 0.995, respectively, all P < 0.05]. According to the results of regression analysis, the NHA-ACLF model (NEUT%+HBsAg+AFP) was established. The formula was logit (NHA-ACLF) = -5.441+5.688×NEUT%+0.430×lg HBsAg-0.005×AFP. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the NHA-ACLF model for pred HBV-ACLF patients was 0.790, which was better than NEUT% (AUC = 0.696), lg HBsAg (AUC = 0.670), AFP (AUC = 0.703) and MELD score (AUC = 0.640). When the cut-off value of NHA-ACLF model score was 0.459, the sensitivity was 73.7%, and the specificity was 79.1%. Conclusions:NEUT%, HBsAg and AFP are independent predictive indicator for short-term prognosis in patients with HBV-ACLF. Compared with MELD score, the risk assessment model NHA-ACLF has a greater value in predicting the short-term prognosis of patients with HBV-ACLF.

15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 68-75, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781486

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and therapeutic efficacy of patient with adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL).@*METHODS@#Seventy-seven ALL patients diagnosed in the first affiliated hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2018 to 2019 were selected. The immunotyping, fusion gene and gene mutation were detected by flow cytometry, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and next generation sequencing (NGS).@*RESULTS@#Among 77 patients with ALL, 66 were B-ALL, 9 were T-ALL. CD7 and cCD3 were the most valuable for the diagnosis of T-ALL, CD19 and cCD79a were the most valuable for the diagnosis of B-ALL, and CD58, CD123 were highly expressed in B-ALL. Three fusion genes: BCR-ABL (20.8%), MLL-AF4 (5.19%) and E2A-PBX1 (2.60%) were detected by RT-PCR and 10 mutant genes were detected by NGS (the total detection rate was 33.47%). The highest mutation rates were IL-7R (6 cases), NOTCH1 (6 cases), TP53 (5 cases) and FLT-3 (4 cases). Patients with IL-7R, NOTCH1 and TP53 mutations showed poor response to induction chemotherapy.@*CONCLUSION@#The CD123, IL-7R, NOTCH1 and TP53 may be risk factors for prognosis, however, the increase of case number and prolonging of follow-up time are needed to further confirm.

16.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 324-333, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanisms underlying ozone-induced inactivation of poliovirus type 1 (PV1).@*METHODS@#We used cell culture, long-overlapping RT-PCR, and spot hybridization assays to verify and accurately locate the sites of action of ozone that cause PV1 inactivation. We also employed recombinant viral genome RNA infection models to confirm our observations.@*RESULTS@#Our results indicated that ozone inactivated PV1 primarily by disrupting the 5'-non-coding region (5'-NCR) of the PV1 genome. Further study revealed that ozone specifically damaged the 80-124 nucleotide (nt) region in the 5'-NCR. Recombinant viral genome RNA infection models confirmed that PV1 lacking this region was non-infectious.@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, we not only elucidated the mechanisms by which ozone induces PV1 inactivation but also determined that the 80-124 nt region in the 5'-NCR is targeted by ozone to achieve this inactivation.


Subject(s)
Animals , 5' Untranslated Regions , Chlorocebus aethiops , Genome, Viral , Oxidants, Photochemical , Pharmacology , Ozone , Pharmacology , Poliovirus , Vero Cells , Virus Inactivation
17.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 346-351, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708747

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrieve,appraise and summarize the available evidence on management and prevention of implantable venous access port occlusion in adult patients.Methods We searched the BMJ best practice,UpToDate,Cochrane Library,Joanna Briggs Institute Library,Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario,National Guideline Clearinghouse,PubMed,EMbase,CNKI and CBM to collect literatures including guidelines,evidence summary,best practice information sheet,recommended practice,systematic review and consensus.Results Five references including one guideline,one systematic review,two evidence summaries,and one expert consensus were included.A total of eight items of best evidence were summarized with regard to syringe size,flush volume,flush technique and frequency of administration,choose of needleless connectors,management of mechanical occlusion,drug/mineral precipitation,and thrombotic occlusion.Conclusion Healthcare workers should regulate the standard of venous access port flushing and locking and manage catheter occlusion in a timely manner,to avoid adverse incidents like interruptions in treatment,bacteremia,and venous thrombosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1389-1394, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698550

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) transplantation can effectively improve cardiac function after myocardial infarction. However, few reports have been issued on myocardial electrophysiology after BMSCs transplantation. OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of BMSCs transplantation on voltage-gated K+channel protein and myocardial infarction-related cytokines, thereby providing basic evidence for further exploration on the mechanism underlying arrhythmia in myocardial infarction due to BMSCs transplantation. METHODS: Forty male Wistar rats, SPF grade, were randomly divided into four groups: sham group, model group, cell culture medium group and BMSCs group. The myocardial infarction model was created in rats by permanent ligation of the left descending coronary artery. At 15-20 minutes after surgery, BMSCs (100 μL, 1×106) or cell culture medium (100 μL) was injected at four sites in the peri-infarct zone. Four weeks after cell therapy, cardiac samples were taken, the pathological morphology of the infarcted myocardium was observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, and the infarct size was calculated; the expression levels of voltage-gated K+channel proteins Kv1.2 and Kv1.5 and cardiac troponin T (cTnT) were measured by western blot assay; and the expression levels of apoptotic factor (Caspase-3), autophagy factor (Bcl-2), nitric oxide and superoxide dismutase were tested by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Compared with the model group and cell culture medium group, the infarct size decreased in the BMSCs group (P < 0.05); the expression levels of cTnT, Kv1.5 and superoxide dismutase increased (P < 0.05), and the expression levels of Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Kv1.2 decreased (P < 0.05) in the BMSCs group. In summary, BMSCs transplantation can promote the expression of voltage-gated K+channel proteins, and improve anti-oxidation capacity of the myocardium and decrease apoptosis and autophagy.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1571-1578, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687262

ABSTRACT

Using split plot design, a pot experiment with sand culture was conducted to investigate the effects ofnitrogen and sulfur combined application on nutritional components and active component of Isatis indigotica at seedling stage under different N (5,15,25 mmol·L⁻¹)and S(0.00,1.25,2.50,5.00,7.50 mmol·L⁻¹) levels. The results showed thatthe two elements had obvious effects and the leaf and root dry weights of I. indigotica seedlings increased greatly at N₂ level. Under the same nitrogen concentration, the leaf and root dry weights increased firstly and decreased with the rising of sulfur concentrations in which S₂ was conducive to the growth and biomass accumulation. Soluble sugar, soluble protein, soluble amino acids contents were the highest in N₁, N₂ and N₃ treatments, respectively. The influence of sulfur concentrations on nutritional components was same as biomass, but the peak of different nutritional components was diversity in different nitrogen levels. The effects on secondary metabolites (total flavones, indigo, indriubin, epigotrin contents) were not obvious significantly, in which these indexes by N₁S₃,N₁S₂,N₃S₀,N₃S₁were the highest, respectively. In conclusion, the combination of nitrogen and sulfur of N₂S₂(N 15 mmol·L⁻¹ and S 2.5 mmol·L⁻¹) was beneficial to the growth and secondary metabolites accumulation of I. indigotica. These results could provide a theoretical basis for rational fertilization and cultivation of I. indigotica seedling.

20.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 322-326, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351352

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the nutritional risk in children with severe pneumonia using the Screening Tool for the Assessment of Malnutrition in Paediatrics (STAMP) and the association between nutritional risk and adverse clinical outcomes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to the STAMP score, 216 children with severe pneumonia were classified into high nutritional risk group (HR group; n=98), moderate nutritional risk group (MR group; n=65), and low nutritional risk group (LR group; n=53). Fasting blood samples were collected to measure the levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), adiponectin, leptin, non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA), albumin, transferrin, prealbumin, and retinol binding protein (RBP). The adverse clinical outcomes were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the MR and LR groups, the HR group had significantly lower serum levels of IGF-1, leptin, adiponectin, prealbumin, and RBP, as well as a significantly higher serum level of NEFA (P<0.05). Compared with the MR and LR groups, the HR group had a significantly higher proportion of children admitted to the intensive care unit and a significantly longer duration of mechanical ventilation (P<0.05). The HR group had a significantly longer mean hospital stay and a significantly higher incidence rate of complications compared with the LR and MR groups (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Nutritional risk screening has an important value in evaluating the clinical outcome of children with severe pneumonia, and children at a higher nutritional risk tend to have more adverse clinical outcomes.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Malnutrition , Pneumonia , Risk
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