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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930491

ABSTRACT

Antipyretic-analgesics are currently one of the most prescribed drugs in children.The clinical application of antipyretic-analgesics for children in our country still have irrational phenomenon, which affects the therapeutic effect and even poses hidden dangers to the safety of children.In this paper, suggestions were put forward from the indications, dosage form/route, dosage suitability, pathophysiological characteristics of children with individual differences and drug interactions in the symptomatic treatment of febrile children, so as to provide reference for the general pharmacists when conducting prescription review.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939783

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the current status and further development of Panax genus and 6 important individual species including P. notoginseng, P. quinquefolium, P. vietnamensis, P. japonicus, P. stipuleanatus and P. zingiberensis.@*METHODS@#The bibliometric analysis was based on the Web of Science core database platform from Thomson Reuters. Totally, 7,574 records of scientific research of Panax species published from 1900-2019 were analyzed. The statistical and visualization analysis was performed by CiteSpace and HistCite software.@*RESULTS@#The academic research of Panax species increase promptly. Plant science is the main research field while research and experimental medicine and agricultural engineering will be the further development tendency. Particularly, the discrimination research of P. notoginseng will be the research tendency among Panax species, especially diversity research. In addition, P. vietnamensis deserves more attention in the genus Panax.@*CONCLUSION@#This research provides a reference for further research of the genus and individual species.


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , Panax
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939779

ABSTRACT

Cancer is one of the most devastating diseases worldwide and definitive therapeutics for treating cancer are not yet available despite extensive research efforts. The key challenges include limiting factors connected with traditional chemotherapeutics, primarily drug resistance, low response rates, and adverse side-effects. Therefore, there is a high demand for novel anti-cancer drugs that are both potent and safe for cancer prevention and treatment. Gallic acid (GA), a natural botanic phenolic compound, can mediate various therapeutic properties that are involved in anti-inflammation, anti-obesity, and anti-cancer activities. More recently, GA has been shown to exert anti-cancer activities via several biological pathways that include migration, metastasis, apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, angiogenesis, and oncogene expression. This review discusses two aspects, one is the anti-cancer potential of GA against different types of cancer and the underlying molecular mechanisms, the other is the bibliometric analysis of GA in cancer and tumor research. The results indicated that lung cancer, prostate cancer, stomach cancer, and colon adenocarcinoma may become a hot topic in further research. Overall, this review provides evidence that GA represents a promising novel, potent, and safe anti-cancer drug candidate for treating cancer.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Colonic Neoplasms , Gallic Acid/therapeutic use , Humans , Male
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928911

ABSTRACT

Stainless steel has been widely used in non-active surgical implantable medical device of cardiovascular, orthopedics, dental and ophthalmology. In this paper, we mainly focused on development of stainless steel, as well as the material-related standard evolution. We further summarized the recent advancement of stainless steel use in surgical implantable medical device. Insight and regulatory perspective has been further demonstrated.


Subject(s)
Prostheses and Implants , Stainless Steel
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907314

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, more and more attention was attached to the problem of children′s growth and development.It is known that postnatal growth is mainly regulated by the conserved GH-IGF-1 axis that acts through endocrine and paracrine pathways.It is now well established that undernourished children harbor an altered microbiota, correlated with impaired growth.Moreover, many disorders of intestinal flora are always accompanied by growth retardation.These evidences show that there might be a certain relationship between intestinal flora and growth and development.Recent studies have demonstrated that intestinal flora may regulate the growth and development process through this axis, and GH-IGF-1 axis may also affect the composition and diversity of intestinal flora.This paper reviewes the bidirectional regulatory relationship between intestinal microbiota and the GH-IGF-1 axis to reveal the functional relationship between growth and development of children and GH-IGF-1 axis as well as the intestinal flora.By elucidating the influence of intestinal flora on growth and development, a new approach would be found for the application of therapeutic methods of microflora in the field of growth retardation in children.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898078

ABSTRACT

BackgroundGenetic interactions are known to play an important role in the missing heritability problem for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Interactions between enhancers and their target genes play important roles in gene regulation and disease pathogenesis. In the present study, we aimed to identify genetic interactions between enhancers and their target genes associated with T2DM.MethodsWe performed genetic interaction analyses of enhancers and protein-coding genes for T2DM in 2,696 T2DM patients and 3,548 controls of European ancestry. A linear regression model was used to identify single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) pairs that could affect the expression of the protein-coding genes. Differential expression analyses were used to identify differentially expressed susceptibility genes in diabetic and nondiabetic subjects.ResultsWe identified one SNP pair, rs4947941×rs7785013, significantly associated with T2DM (combined P=4.84×10−10). The SNP rs4947941 was annotated as an enhancer, and rs7785013 was located in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene. This SNP pair was significantly associated with EGFR expression in the pancreas (P=0.033), and the minor allele “A” of rs7785013 decreased EGFR gene expression and the risk of T2DM with an increase in the dosage of “T” of rs4947941. EGFR expression was significantly upregulated in T2DM patients, which was consistent with the effect of rs4947941×rs7785013 on T2DM and EGFR expression. A functional validation study using the Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) database showed that EGFR was associated with diabetes-relevant phenotypes.ConclusionGenetic interaction analyses of enhancers and protein-coding genes suggested that EGFR may be a novel susceptibility gene for T2DM.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890374

ABSTRACT

BackgroundGenetic interactions are known to play an important role in the missing heritability problem for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Interactions between enhancers and their target genes play important roles in gene regulation and disease pathogenesis. In the present study, we aimed to identify genetic interactions between enhancers and their target genes associated with T2DM.MethodsWe performed genetic interaction analyses of enhancers and protein-coding genes for T2DM in 2,696 T2DM patients and 3,548 controls of European ancestry. A linear regression model was used to identify single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) pairs that could affect the expression of the protein-coding genes. Differential expression analyses were used to identify differentially expressed susceptibility genes in diabetic and nondiabetic subjects.ResultsWe identified one SNP pair, rs4947941×rs7785013, significantly associated with T2DM (combined P=4.84×10−10). The SNP rs4947941 was annotated as an enhancer, and rs7785013 was located in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene. This SNP pair was significantly associated with EGFR expression in the pancreas (P=0.033), and the minor allele “A” of rs7785013 decreased EGFR gene expression and the risk of T2DM with an increase in the dosage of “T” of rs4947941. EGFR expression was significantly upregulated in T2DM patients, which was consistent with the effect of rs4947941×rs7785013 on T2DM and EGFR expression. A functional validation study using the Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) database showed that EGFR was associated with diabetes-relevant phenotypes.ConclusionGenetic interaction analyses of enhancers and protein-coding genes suggested that EGFR may be a novel susceptibility gene for T2DM.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1178-1187, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886987

ABSTRACT

To explore the characteristics of soil microbial communities of Cistanche deserticola and Cynomorium songaricum, two typical parasitic medicinal plants that live in an extreme saline alkali environment, 16S PCR was used to sequence the soil microbial communities of C. deserticola and C. songaricum in Ebinur Lake, Xinjiang. Redundancy analysis and correlation analysis were carried out based on the abundance of core microbiome and ecoclimatic factors. The results show that the diversity of the soil microbial community of C. deserticola was significantly higher than that of C. songaricum. The core microbial groups of C. deserticola and C. songaricum were Marinomona, Halomonadaceae, Rhizobiales, Halomonas, and Acidimicrobiales. Six specific biomarkers were identified as Micrococcacea, Echinicola, Glutamicibacter, Galbibacter, Pseudoalteromonas, and Marinobacterium_ rhizophilum. The results of redundancy analysis and correlation analysis show that the average temperature in the driest season and the average temperature in the coldest season, and the clay content and soil texture classification were the main ecological factors affecting the composition of these soil microbial communities. This study provides a theoretical basis for finding molecular markers of C. deserticola and C. songaricum and promoting the quality of C. deserticola and C. songaricum.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880161

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between pretransplant serum ferritin (SF) level and prolonged or prolonged isolated thrombocytopenia (PT) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 35 patients with PT after allo-HSCT were retrospectively analyzed, and 35 patients were matched according to age and sex as a controls from 424 allo-HSCT patients with normal platelet count. The serum ferritin level before the transplantation was analyzed. The potential risk factors were analyzed by chi-square test and Fisher's exact test as well as univariate and multivariate logistic regression. The survival curve was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier model to explore its clinical significance. In addition, ROC curve was used to verify the predictive power of SF.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group, the SF level in the PT group before transplantation significantly increased (P=0.001). Multivariate analysis results showed that SF level before transplantation was a risk factor for prolonged thrombocytopenia after HSCT, and patients with SF≥1000 ng / ml showed a higher risk of death (P=0.014). ROC curve showed that SF level could be used as a predictor of prolonged thrombocytopenia after allo-HSCT.@*CONCLUSION@#The SF level before allo-HSCT relates with occurrence and prognosis of PT in patients after allo-HSCT. Detection of SF level can provide guidance for the intervention of prolonged thrombocytopenia after HSCT.


Subject(s)
Ferritins , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Thrombocytopenia , Transplantation, Homologous
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781486

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and therapeutic efficacy of patient with adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL).@*METHODS@#Seventy-seven ALL patients diagnosed in the first affiliated hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2018 to 2019 were selected. The immunotyping, fusion gene and gene mutation were detected by flow cytometry, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and next generation sequencing (NGS).@*RESULTS@#Among 77 patients with ALL, 66 were B-ALL, 9 were T-ALL. CD7 and cCD3 were the most valuable for the diagnosis of T-ALL, CD19 and cCD79a were the most valuable for the diagnosis of B-ALL, and CD58, CD123 were highly expressed in B-ALL. Three fusion genes: BCR-ABL (20.8%), MLL-AF4 (5.19%) and E2A-PBX1 (2.60%) were detected by RT-PCR and 10 mutant genes were detected by NGS (the total detection rate was 33.47%). The highest mutation rates were IL-7R (6 cases), NOTCH1 (6 cases), TP53 (5 cases) and FLT-3 (4 cases). Patients with IL-7R, NOTCH1 and TP53 mutations showed poor response to induction chemotherapy.@*CONCLUSION@#The CD123, IL-7R, NOTCH1 and TP53 may be risk factors for prognosis, however, the increase of case number and prolonging of follow-up time are needed to further confirm.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 54-59, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780577

ABSTRACT

The coagulation VIII factor (FVIII) contains eight pairs of disulfide bonds, which are involved in maintaining its structure and function. It has been demonstrated that the disulfide bond between Cys1899/Cys1903 of the A3 domain in the light chain impedes secretion. In our previous work, an engineered inter-chain disulfide in the B domain-deleted FVIII (BDD-FVIII) promoted heterodimer assembly and secretion of separately expressed heavy and light chains. In this study, we constructed two BDD-FVIII variants, one of which contains an engineered inter-chain disulfide bond (F8C) between Met662 > Cys and Asp1828 > Cys mutations and another contains an endogenous A3 domain with a disrupted disulfide bond from F8C (F8CG) by replacement of Cys1899 and Cys1903 with Gly in F8C. We explored their function and secretion. By transducing F8C and F8CG into HEK293 and COS-7 cells, the formation of disulfide bonds and the secretion and coagulation activity of the two variants in the culture media and their binding affinity for von Willebrand factor (vWF) could be observed. The results show that variants F8C and F8CG are mainly the disulfide bonded heavy and light chain dimer, while the wild type BDD-FVIII (F8) is dominated by the easily dissociated heavy and light chain dimer. The secretion and activity of F8C was significantly higher than that of F8, while the secretion and activity of F8CG was significantly higher than that of F8C. The vWF binding of the two variants is similar to F8. This indicates that the BDD-FVIII variant F8CG may be attractive molecule for protein replacement and as a transgene in gene-therapy strategies. These findings are encouraging for future studies targeting disulfide bond elimination for further enhancement of FVIII secretion.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 988-993, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866945

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a predictive model and investigate its value in evaluating short-term prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF).Methods:Patients with HBV-ACLF admitted to Tianjin Second People's Hospital and Beijing Youan Hospital, Capital Medical University from May 2015 to October 2018 were enrolled. The data of gender, age, laboratory markers at admission, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score and clinical complications were collected for analysis. According to the prognosis on 12-week, patients were divided into survival group and death group. Univariate analysis and binary Logistic regression analysis were used to test the risk factors for short-term prognosis of the patients with HBV-ACLF, and a prediction model was established. The accuracy of each index and the established model were verified by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:A total of 148 patients with HBV-ACLF were enrolled in the study, 91 cases survived while 57 cases died during the 12-week period. The age, total bilirubin (TBIL), neutrophil percentage (NEUT%), hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), MELD score of death group were higher than those of survival group [age (years old): 50.00 (44.50, 55.00) vs. 43.00 (34.00, 53.00), TBIL (μmol/L): 310.30 (240.70, 405.70) vs. 266.40 (184.20, 360.20), NEUT%: (74.52±13.05)% vs. (66.64±12.35)%, lg HBsAg (kU/L): 3.72 (3.29, 3.92) vs. 2.97 (2.49, 3.78), MELD score: 24.27 (19.71, 27.40) vs. 21.88 (18.83, 24.38), all P < 0.05], while albumin (ALB), total cholesterol (CHO), prothrombin activity (PTA) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) were lower than those of survival group [ALB (g/L): 29.80 (27.05, 31.05) vs. 30.80 (28.00, 33.90), CHO (mmol/L): 1.98 (1.50, 2.38) vs. 2.49 (2.05, 3.01), PTA: (30.37±7.09)% vs. (32.94±6.03)%, AFP (μg/L): 21.54 (9.28, 51.54) vs. 66.16 (24.50, 152.80), all P < 0.05]. Logistic regression analysis showed that NEUT%, HBsAg and AFP were independent risk factors for short-term prognosis of patients with HBV-ACLF [odds ratio ( OR) was 77.843, 1.439, 0.995, respectively, all P < 0.05]. According to the results of regression analysis, the NHA-ACLF model (NEUT%+HBsAg+AFP) was established. The formula was logit (NHA-ACLF) = -5.441+5.688×NEUT%+0.430×lg HBsAg-0.005×AFP. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the NHA-ACLF model for pred HBV-ACLF patients was 0.790, which was better than NEUT% (AUC = 0.696), lg HBsAg (AUC = 0.670), AFP (AUC = 0.703) and MELD score (AUC = 0.640). When the cut-off value of NHA-ACLF model score was 0.459, the sensitivity was 73.7%, and the specificity was 79.1%. Conclusions:NEUT%, HBsAg and AFP are independent predictive indicator for short-term prognosis in patients with HBV-ACLF. Compared with MELD score, the risk assessment model NHA-ACLF has a greater value in predicting the short-term prognosis of patients with HBV-ACLF.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanisms underlying ozone-induced inactivation of poliovirus type 1 (PV1).@*METHODS@#We used cell culture, long-overlapping RT-PCR, and spot hybridization assays to verify and accurately locate the sites of action of ozone that cause PV1 inactivation. We also employed recombinant viral genome RNA infection models to confirm our observations.@*RESULTS@#Our results indicated that ozone inactivated PV1 primarily by disrupting the 5'-non-coding region (5'-NCR) of the PV1 genome. Further study revealed that ozone specifically damaged the 80-124 nucleotide (nt) region in the 5'-NCR. Recombinant viral genome RNA infection models confirmed that PV1 lacking this region was non-infectious.@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, we not only elucidated the mechanisms by which ozone induces PV1 inactivation but also determined that the 80-124 nt region in the 5'-NCR is targeted by ozone to achieve this inactivation.


Subject(s)
5' Untranslated Regions , Animals , Chlorocebus aethiops , Genome, Viral , Oxidants, Photochemical , Pharmacology , Ozone , Pharmacology , Poliovirus , Vero Cells , Virus Inactivation
14.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 346-351, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708747

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrieve,appraise and summarize the available evidence on management and prevention of implantable venous access port occlusion in adult patients.Methods We searched the BMJ best practice,UpToDate,Cochrane Library,Joanna Briggs Institute Library,Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario,National Guideline Clearinghouse,PubMed,EMbase,CNKI and CBM to collect literatures including guidelines,evidence summary,best practice information sheet,recommended practice,systematic review and consensus.Results Five references including one guideline,one systematic review,two evidence summaries,and one expert consensus were included.A total of eight items of best evidence were summarized with regard to syringe size,flush volume,flush technique and frequency of administration,choose of needleless connectors,management of mechanical occlusion,drug/mineral precipitation,and thrombotic occlusion.Conclusion Healthcare workers should regulate the standard of venous access port flushing and locking and manage catheter occlusion in a timely manner,to avoid adverse incidents like interruptions in treatment,bacteremia,and venous thrombosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698550

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) transplantation can effectively improve cardiac function after myocardial infarction. However, few reports have been issued on myocardial electrophysiology after BMSCs transplantation. OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of BMSCs transplantation on voltage-gated K+channel protein and myocardial infarction-related cytokines, thereby providing basic evidence for further exploration on the mechanism underlying arrhythmia in myocardial infarction due to BMSCs transplantation. METHODS: Forty male Wistar rats, SPF grade, were randomly divided into four groups: sham group, model group, cell culture medium group and BMSCs group. The myocardial infarction model was created in rats by permanent ligation of the left descending coronary artery. At 15-20 minutes after surgery, BMSCs (100 μL, 1×106) or cell culture medium (100 μL) was injected at four sites in the peri-infarct zone. Four weeks after cell therapy, cardiac samples were taken, the pathological morphology of the infarcted myocardium was observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, and the infarct size was calculated; the expression levels of voltage-gated K+channel proteins Kv1.2 and Kv1.5 and cardiac troponin T (cTnT) were measured by western blot assay; and the expression levels of apoptotic factor (Caspase-3), autophagy factor (Bcl-2), nitric oxide and superoxide dismutase were tested by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Compared with the model group and cell culture medium group, the infarct size decreased in the BMSCs group (P < 0.05); the expression levels of cTnT, Kv1.5 and superoxide dismutase increased (P < 0.05), and the expression levels of Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Kv1.2 decreased (P < 0.05) in the BMSCs group. In summary, BMSCs transplantation can promote the expression of voltage-gated K+channel proteins, and improve anti-oxidation capacity of the myocardium and decrease apoptosis and autophagy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687262

ABSTRACT

Using split plot design, a pot experiment with sand culture was conducted to investigate the effects ofnitrogen and sulfur combined application on nutritional components and active component of Isatis indigotica at seedling stage under different N (5,15,25 mmol·L⁻¹)and S(0.00,1.25,2.50,5.00,7.50 mmol·L⁻¹) levels. The results showed thatthe two elements had obvious effects and the leaf and root dry weights of I. indigotica seedlings increased greatly at N₂ level. Under the same nitrogen concentration, the leaf and root dry weights increased firstly and decreased with the rising of sulfur concentrations in which S₂ was conducive to the growth and biomass accumulation. Soluble sugar, soluble protein, soluble amino acids contents were the highest in N₁, N₂ and N₃ treatments, respectively. The influence of sulfur concentrations on nutritional components was same as biomass, but the peak of different nutritional components was diversity in different nitrogen levels. The effects on secondary metabolites (total flavones, indigo, indriubin, epigotrin contents) were not obvious significantly, in which these indexes by N₁S₃,N₁S₂,N₃S₀,N₃S₁were the highest, respectively. In conclusion, the combination of nitrogen and sulfur of N₂S₂(N 15 mmol·L⁻¹ and S 2.5 mmol·L⁻¹) was beneficial to the growth and secondary metabolites accumulation of I. indigotica. These results could provide a theoretical basis for rational fertilization and cultivation of I. indigotica seedling.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790770

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the quality standard for YI SHI MINGMU granules.Methods TLC method was used to identify Lycium barbarum L and Salvia miltiorrhiza.HPLC method was used to quantitatively analyze the concentration of Tanshinol sodium.The analysis was carried out on a column of Kromasil C18(4.6 mm×150 mm,5 μm)with a mobile phase of methanol and 0.5 % acetic acid at the flow rate of 0.4 ml/min.Column temperature was 30 ℃.The detection wavelength was 280 nm.Results The linearity range of Tanshinol sodium was 2.00~60.00 μg/ml ,r2=0.999 7(n=6),with the average recoveries of 105.62%, RSD=1.60%.Conclusion This method is accurate, simple, reliable and reproducible.It can be used for the quality control of YI SHI MINGMU granules.

18.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E174-E180, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803859

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the circulatory supporting effect of the third generation fully magnetically levitated China Heart ventricular assist device (CH-VAD) under heart failure (HF) condition. Methods An in vitro mock circulatory system (MCS) was developed. This system could simulate a healthy adult under resting state and a patient with heart failure, and incorporate the CH-VAD to evaluate the assisting performance under continuous flow mode. Furthermore, CH-VAD was equipped with a pulsatile flow controller and its initial performance was accessed. The pulsatile mode was obtained by using sinusoidal velocity waveform of the pump which synchronized the CH-VAD with the ventricle simulator of the MCS. Results CH-VAD under continuous flow mode could recover the hemodynamic parameters (arterial pressure and cardiac output) under HF condition to normal range. Preliminary pulsatile test results showed that amplitude of current pulse speed had a minor influence on the hemodynamic performance. CH-VAD under continuous flow and pulsatile flow mode could obtain comparable mean arterial pressure, systolic arterial pressure, diastolic arterial pressure and mean flow. Conclusions CH-VAD can generate a certain degree of speed pulse via appropriate pulsatility control, so as to provide sufficient support on ventricular function. Further optimization on pulsatile controller of CH-VAD is required to conform to natural physiology. The developed MCS can be utilized as an effective and controllable in vitro platform for design, optimization and verification of VADs or other mechanical circulatory support devices.

19.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): 174-180, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737321

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the circulatory supporting effect of the third generation fully magnetically levitated China Heart ventricular assist device (CH-VAD) under heart failure (HF) condition.Methods An in vitro mock circulatory system (MCS) was developed.This system could simulate a healthy adult under resting state and a patient with heart failure,and incorporate the CH-VAD to evaluate the assisting performance under continuous flow mode.Furthermore,CH-VAD was equipped with a pulsatile flow controller and its initial performance was accessed.The pulsatile mode was obtained by using sinusoidal velocity waveform of the pump which synchronized the CH-VAD with the ventricle simulator of the MCS.Results CH-VAD under continuous flow mode could recover the hemodynamic parameters (arterial pressure and cardiac output) under HF condition to normal range.Preliminary pulsatile test results showed that amplitude of current pulse speed had a minor influence on the hemodynamic performance.CH-VAD under continuous flow and pulsatile flow mode could obtain comparable mean arterial pressure,systolic arterial pressure,diastolic arterial pressure and mean flow.Conclusions CH-VAD can generate a certain degree of speed pulse via appropriate pulsatility control,so as to provide sufficient support on ventricular function.Further optimization on pulsatile controller of CH-VAD is required to conform to natural physiology.The developed MCS can be utilized as an effective and controllable in vitro platform for design,optimization and verification of VADs or other mechanical circulatory support devices.

20.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): 174-180, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735853

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the circulatory supporting effect of the third generation fully magnetically levitated China Heart ventricular assist device (CH-VAD) under heart failure (HF) condition.Methods An in vitro mock circulatory system (MCS) was developed.This system could simulate a healthy adult under resting state and a patient with heart failure,and incorporate the CH-VAD to evaluate the assisting performance under continuous flow mode.Furthermore,CH-VAD was equipped with a pulsatile flow controller and its initial performance was accessed.The pulsatile mode was obtained by using sinusoidal velocity waveform of the pump which synchronized the CH-VAD with the ventricle simulator of the MCS.Results CH-VAD under continuous flow mode could recover the hemodynamic parameters (arterial pressure and cardiac output) under HF condition to normal range.Preliminary pulsatile test results showed that amplitude of current pulse speed had a minor influence on the hemodynamic performance.CH-VAD under continuous flow and pulsatile flow mode could obtain comparable mean arterial pressure,systolic arterial pressure,diastolic arterial pressure and mean flow.Conclusions CH-VAD can generate a certain degree of speed pulse via appropriate pulsatility control,so as to provide sufficient support on ventricular function.Further optimization on pulsatile controller of CH-VAD is required to conform to natural physiology.The developed MCS can be utilized as an effective and controllable in vitro platform for design,optimization and verification of VADs or other mechanical circulatory support devices.

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