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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885327

ABSTRACT

The prediction of survival time for advanced cancer patients undergoing palliative care has important clinical and social value. The prediction of survival time of advanced cancer patients includes clinical prediction and statistical prediction. Due to the late start of palliative medicine in China, it is particularly important to evaluate the widely used survival prediction tools in clinical practice. In this paper, we will review the common survival prediction tools of advanced cancer patients from the perspective of Western and Traditional Chinese Medicine,to provide reference for development and application of a survival prediction system in China.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875950

ABSTRACT

Objective The present study was conducted to identify the Vibrio cholera type and to analyze its antibiotic resistance in an epidemic of cholera in Haiyan County in 2018, which would provide the references for prevention and control of cholera. Methods Stool samples of the patient and his close contacts as well as the food and environmental samples were collected for identification of the type of Vibrio cholerae and the toxin gene. The resistance of identified Vibrio cholerae to 20 different common antibiotics were tested. Results A total of 176 samples were collected, including 101 stool samples from the case and his close contacts, 35 environmental samples and 40 food samples. Among those samples, only one strain of V. cholerae, O139, was isolated from the patient's first feces sample. It was detected as a toxin gene of ctxA positive by real-time fluorescence PCR. Antibiotic resistance test showed that the strain was sensitive to norfloxacin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, cefotaxime, cephalothin, ampicillin, and amoxicillin. It was 100% resistant to tetracycline, doxycycline, neomycin, kanamycin, streptomycin, and rifampicin. Conclusion V. cholerae O139 strain with ctxA is detected in an epidemic of cholera. Norfloxacin, levofluoxacin and some other antibiotics could be used for clinical treatment and prevention. It should pay attention to this strain of V. cholera regarding the multiple drug resistance and the change of antibiotic resistance.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1811-1815, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774381

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the charactcristics of CD180 expression and differentiation diagnostic value in B cell chronic lymphoproliferative disorders (B-CLPD) through detecting the mean fluorescence intensity(MFI)of CD180 in different sub types of B-CLPD,using multiparameter flow cytometry (FCM).@*METHODS@#The CD180 MFI of malignant B cells in 178 patients with B-CLPD was detected by FCM. The level of CD180 MFI in various types of B-CLPD was compared to the normal control group. The level of CD180 MFI among sub-types of B-CLPD was also compared.@*RESULTS@#(1) The expression levels of CD180 in B-CLPD was significantly lower as compared with the normal controls,except the spleen difuse red pulp lymphoma (SDRPL); (2) The CD180 MFI in chronic lymphocytic leukemia sCLL) was significantly lower as compared with other B-CLPD cells; (3) CD180 ware significantly overexpressed in HCL compared with MCL,LPL,and MZL (P <0.05); (4) In the spleen-derived B-CLPD,such as SMZL,HCL, HCL variation and SDRPL,the expression of CD180 has significant difference between lymphomas with or without villous.@*CONCLUSION@#Utilizing the multiparameter flow cytometry for defecting expression of CD180 and other immunological markers can more efficiently distinguish the subtypes of B-CLPD.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD , B-Lymphocytes , Biomarkers , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Lymphoproliferative Disorders
4.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 488-491, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702760

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of EV71 antagonizing IFN signaling pathway.Methods: RD cells were infected or un-infected with EV71.Then the cells were treated with or without IFN-β.The four groups (the control group,the EV71 group,the IFN-β group,the EV71+IFN-β group) were detected by molecular biology techniques.The expression of interferon stimulated genes (ISGs) were detected by Real-time PCR,while the protein levels of STAT1 and IRF9 were examined by Western blot assay.By preparing the cytosolic and nuclear fractions,the translocation of p-STAT1 was monitored through Western blot assay.Results:Compared with the IFN-β group,the mRNA level of OAS1,MX1 and ISG54 in the EV71+IFN-β group was down regulated by 47%, 50% and 48%,respectively,indicating that EV71 inhibited the expression of ISGs.The results also showed that EV71 did not effect the protein level and phosphorylation of STAT1.Moreover,we found that p-STAT1 was translocated into neuclear in IFN-β group,while p-STAT1 was located in the cytoplasm in the EV71+IFN-β group.And the expression of IRF9 was boviously down regulated in EV71+IFN-β group compared with that in IFN-β group,suggesting that EV71 blocked the expression of IRF9 induced by IFN-β.Conclusion:EV71 inhibited the IFN signaling pathway by downregulating the expression of IRF9 induced by IFN-β.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620982

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect and mechanisms of berberine (BBR) on the proliferation of papillary thyroid cancer K1 cells induced by high glucose.Methods K1 cells were cultured under 5.5 mmol/L or 25 mmol/L glucose condition with or without different concentration of BBR (0,10,40 and 80 μmol/L) for 24 hours.The proliferations of K1 cells in each condition were detected by MTT.Western blot was used to measure the expression of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrt2),phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K),protein kinase B (Akt) and phosphorylated-Akt (p-Akt).The distribution pattern of Nrf2 in K1 cells was determined using immunofluorescent staining.Results Compared with 5.5 mmol/L condition,the proliferation rate [(126.64 ± 5.41) % vs (87.31 ± 3.67) %],expression levels of PI3K (0.425 ±0.019 vs 0.272 ±0.039),p-Akt/Akt (0.446 ±0.021 vs 0.168 ±0.035) and Nrf2 (0.597 ± 0.014 vs 0.308 ± 0.026),and Nrf2 distribution (93.0% vs 23.1%) in nuclear of K 1 cells under 25 mmol/L condition were significantly elevated,respectively (all P <0.01).Addition of BBR in 25 mmol/L condition dose dependently (10,40,80 μmol/L) lowered the proliferation rate of K1 cells [(111.76 ± 4.10)%,(70.03 ±2.18)%,(32.41 ±3.76)% vs (126.64 ±5.41)%,all P<0.05],and suppressed the expression of PI3K,p-Akt/Akt,Nrf2,and Nrf2 nuclear distribution (P < 0.05).Conclusions BBR dose dependently inhibited the proliferation of high glucose-induced K1 cells.This effect was associated with the suppression on of PI3K/Akt signaling activation,Nrf2 expression and its nuclear translocation.

6.
Chinese Journal of Diabetes ; (12): 670-672, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616519

ABSTRACT

Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common type in thyroid carcinomas.Recently,the prevalence and diagnostic rate of PTC has got significantly high with the general use of ultrasound.Nowadays,more and more studies have suggested that the coexistence of PTC and diabetes is common.They indicated that hyperglycemia would induce the deterioration of oxidative stress injury,chronic inflammation,insulin resistance,obesity,dyslipidemia,deficiency of vitamin D and dysimmunity.All of these may break the balance of oxidation and antioxidation and result in disordering signal pathway,accumulation of inflammatory cytokines,over activating of insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1,changing the metabolic pathways,which will promote the occurrence and progression of PTC.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662172

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze changes and trends of the mortality and causes of death in the residents of Minhang District of Shanghai from 1996 to 2015.Methods Crude death rates (CDR) and age-standardized death rates (ADR) were calculated,respectively.Joinpoint regression was used to analyze the trends in the leading causes of death.Permutation test was used to find whether the joinpoints were statistically significant based on P value<0.05.Results The elderly population in Minhang District accounted for 18.07% of the total population in 2015,which increased by 73.89% than it in 1996.The CDRs of all causes for resent 20 years gradually increased with the annual percentage change (APC) of 0.62% (P<0.05),but decreased significantly after standardization (APC =-3.73%,P<0.05).In 2015,the top five causes of death were circulatory disease;neoplasms;respiratory disease;endocrine,nutritional and metabolic diseases;injury and poisoning in the total population,males and females registered in Minhang District.ADRs of circulatory disease,neoplasms,respiratory disease and injury and poisoning decreased to-3.16%,-1.86%,-8.03% and -4.96 %,respectively (P<0.05).ADRs of endocrine,nutritional and metabolic diseases significantly increased during 1996 to 2001 (APC=16.58%,P<0.05) and thereafter remained stable.Conclusions The issue of population aging in Minhang District is getting worse,and chronic non-communicable diseases and injury and poisoning can be identified as major public health concerns at present.

8.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 710-714, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660530

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the photoregulation of transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) in HaCaT cells,and to explore its mechanisms.Methods Cultured HaCaT cells were divided into 225-mJ/cm2 UVA radiation groups and 25-mJ/cm2 UVB radiation groups.HaCaT cells in the UVA radiation groups were further classified into 6 groups:blank control group 1 receiving no treatment,retinal group 1 treated with 12 μmol/L retinal alone,UVA group treated with 225 mJ/cm2 UVA radiation alone,retinal + UVA group (UVA-TRPA1 control group),retinal + UVA + 500 μmol/L cinnamaldehyde group (UVA-TRPA1 agonist group) and retinal + UVA + 1 mmol/L camphor group (UVA-TRPA1 antagonist group).Additionally,HaCaT cells in the UVB radiation groups were also further classified into 6 groups:blank control group 2 receiving no treatment,retinal group 2 treated with 12 μmol/L retinal alone,UVB group treated with 25-mJ/cm2 UVB radiation,retinal + UVB group (UVB-TRPA1 control group),retinal + UVB + 500 μmol/L cinnamaldehyde group (UVB-TRPA1 agonist group) and retinal + UVB + 1 mmol/L camphor group (UVB-TRPA1 antagonist group).Real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR (qPCR) and Western blot analysis were performed to determine the mRNA and protein expression of TRPA 1 respectively.Flow cytometry was conducted to investigate changes of calcium influx in HaCaT cells in the above groups.Results qPCR and Western blot analysis showed that TRPA1 mRNA and protein were expressed in HaCaT cells.The fluorescence intensity of calcium influx significantly differed among the blank control group 1,retinal group 1,UVA group and retinal + UVA group (155.06 ± 7.62,148.37 ± 18.77,166.92 ± 3.71 and 331.333 ± 40.563;F =44.509,P < 0.01),as well as among the blank control group 2,retinal group 2,UVB group and retinal + UVB group (150.20 ± 1.73,171.66 ± 56.23,147.56 ± 6.60 and 250.44 ± 9.13;F =85.261,P < 0.01).Additionally,retinal + UVA/UVB groups showed significantly higher fluorescence intensity of calcium influx compared with the blank control groups (q =18.442,6.052,P < 0.01).The TRPA1 agonist cinnamaldehyde and its antagonist camphor could regulate the UVA-and UVB-induced calcium influx (P < 0.001).Compared with the blank control group 1 and 2 respectively,the fluorescence intensity of retinal-dependent calcium influx was significantly higher in the UVA/UVB-TRPA1 agonist group (q =14.934,32.770,P < 0.001),and significantly lower in the UVA/UVB-TRPA1 antagonist group (q =7.986,14.596,P < 0.001).Conclusion TRPA1 is expressed in HaCaT cells,and UVA or UVB can regulate the calcium influx in HaCaT cells by adjusting the activity of TRPA 1.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659519

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze changes and trends of the mortality and causes of death in the residents of Minhang District of Shanghai from 1996 to 2015.Methods Crude death rates (CDR) and age-standardized death rates (ADR) were calculated,respectively.Joinpoint regression was used to analyze the trends in the leading causes of death.Permutation test was used to find whether the joinpoints were statistically significant based on P value<0.05.Results The elderly population in Minhang District accounted for 18.07% of the total population in 2015,which increased by 73.89% than it in 1996.The CDRs of all causes for resent 20 years gradually increased with the annual percentage change (APC) of 0.62% (P<0.05),but decreased significantly after standardization (APC =-3.73%,P<0.05).In 2015,the top five causes of death were circulatory disease;neoplasms;respiratory disease;endocrine,nutritional and metabolic diseases;injury and poisoning in the total population,males and females registered in Minhang District.ADRs of circulatory disease,neoplasms,respiratory disease and injury and poisoning decreased to-3.16%,-1.86%,-8.03% and -4.96 %,respectively (P<0.05).ADRs of endocrine,nutritional and metabolic diseases significantly increased during 1996 to 2001 (APC=16.58%,P<0.05) and thereafter remained stable.Conclusions The issue of population aging in Minhang District is getting worse,and chronic non-communicable diseases and injury and poisoning can be identified as major public health concerns at present.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 710-714, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657949

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the photoregulation of transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) in HaCaT cells,and to explore its mechanisms.Methods Cultured HaCaT cells were divided into 225-mJ/cm2 UVA radiation groups and 25-mJ/cm2 UVB radiation groups.HaCaT cells in the UVA radiation groups were further classified into 6 groups:blank control group 1 receiving no treatment,retinal group 1 treated with 12 μmol/L retinal alone,UVA group treated with 225 mJ/cm2 UVA radiation alone,retinal + UVA group (UVA-TRPA1 control group),retinal + UVA + 500 μmol/L cinnamaldehyde group (UVA-TRPA1 agonist group) and retinal + UVA + 1 mmol/L camphor group (UVA-TRPA1 antagonist group).Additionally,HaCaT cells in the UVB radiation groups were also further classified into 6 groups:blank control group 2 receiving no treatment,retinal group 2 treated with 12 μmol/L retinal alone,UVB group treated with 25-mJ/cm2 UVB radiation,retinal + UVB group (UVB-TRPA1 control group),retinal + UVB + 500 μmol/L cinnamaldehyde group (UVB-TRPA1 agonist group) and retinal + UVB + 1 mmol/L camphor group (UVB-TRPA1 antagonist group).Real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR (qPCR) and Western blot analysis were performed to determine the mRNA and protein expression of TRPA 1 respectively.Flow cytometry was conducted to investigate changes of calcium influx in HaCaT cells in the above groups.Results qPCR and Western blot analysis showed that TRPA1 mRNA and protein were expressed in HaCaT cells.The fluorescence intensity of calcium influx significantly differed among the blank control group 1,retinal group 1,UVA group and retinal + UVA group (155.06 ± 7.62,148.37 ± 18.77,166.92 ± 3.71 and 331.333 ± 40.563;F =44.509,P < 0.01),as well as among the blank control group 2,retinal group 2,UVB group and retinal + UVB group (150.20 ± 1.73,171.66 ± 56.23,147.56 ± 6.60 and 250.44 ± 9.13;F =85.261,P < 0.01).Additionally,retinal + UVA/UVB groups showed significantly higher fluorescence intensity of calcium influx compared with the blank control groups (q =18.442,6.052,P < 0.01).The TRPA1 agonist cinnamaldehyde and its antagonist camphor could regulate the UVA-and UVB-induced calcium influx (P < 0.001).Compared with the blank control group 1 and 2 respectively,the fluorescence intensity of retinal-dependent calcium influx was significantly higher in the UVA/UVB-TRPA1 agonist group (q =14.934,32.770,P < 0.001),and significantly lower in the UVA/UVB-TRPA1 antagonist group (q =7.986,14.596,P < 0.001).Conclusion TRPA1 is expressed in HaCaT cells,and UVA or UVB can regulate the calcium influx in HaCaT cells by adjusting the activity of TRPA 1.

11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 212-218, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304726

ABSTRACT

<p><b>UNLABELLED</b>OCTOBER: To explore the effects of the glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) liraglutide on the penile erectile function of rats with diabetic erectile dysfunction (DED) by observing the impact of liraglutide on the expression of eNOS in the corpus cavernosum of diabetic rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We randomly divided 30 six-week-old male SD rats into a normal control (n = 10) and an experimental group (n = 20) , established models of diabetes mellitus (DM) in the experimental rats, and subdivided them into a DM (n = 8) and a GLP-1 group (n = 8) to receive intramuscular injection of normal saline and liraglutide at 5 mg per kg of the body weight per day, respectively. After 12 weeks of intervention, we obtained the levels of FPG, FINS, TG, TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, testosterone, and IL-6 and the indexes of Homa-IR and Homa-β, detected the expressions of Akt/p-Akt and eNOS/p-eNOS in the corpus cavernosum by Western blot, and compared the erectile function between different groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The frequency and rate of penile erection were significantly lower in the DM group than in the GLP-1 and normal control groups (P < 0.05) and also lower in the GLP-1 group than in the normal controls (P < 0.05). Immunofluorescence staining showed the expression of eNOS mainly in the cytoplasm of the cavernosal vessels and sinusoidal endothelial cells, markedly lower in the DM and GLP-1 groups than in the normal rats (P < 0.05), but higher in the GLP-1 than in the DM group (P < 0.05). The level of eNOS/p-eNOS in the penile tissue was significantly decreased in the DM and GLP-1 groups in comparison with the normal controls (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05), while that of p-eNOS was markedly increased in the GLP-1 group as compared with the DM group (P < 0.05). No statistically significant differences were observed in the Akt level among the three groups of animals (P > 0.05). The expression of p-Akt was remarkably reduced in the DM and GLP-1 groups in comparison with the control rats (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05), but higher in the GLP-1 than in the DM group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GLP-1 can protect the function of endothelial cells in the corpus cavernosum and improve the erectile function of DED rats by regulating the Akt/ eNOS signaling pathway, which indicates that GLP-1 could be an important option for the treatment and prevention of DED.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Erectile Dysfunction , Drug Therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents , Pharmacology , Liraglutide , Pharmacology , Male , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Metabolism , Penile Erection , Penis , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Testosterone , Blood
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360073

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the predictive value of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) for the patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 57 DLBCL patients admitted in the First Affiliated hospital of Anhui Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. According to ROC curve, the cut-off value for NLR and PLR was deterimined, and the patients were divided into high and low NLR/PLR groups before first chamotherapy. Then the relation of NLR and PLR with overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) was analyzed by univariate and multivariate COX regression.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The optimal cut-off value for NLR and PLR was 2.915 and 270.27, respectively. NLR at the diagnosis was found to be an independent predictor for OS and PFS by univariate and multivariate analysis, while the PLR was an independent predictor for PFS, but did not affect the OS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>NLR and PLR may provide additional prognostic information for DLBCL patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Cell Biology , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphocytes , Cell Biology , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Diagnosis , Multivariate Analysis , Neutrophils , Cell Biology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 643-645, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637252

ABSTRACT

AIM: To define the relationship between platelet distribution width ( PDW) , fibrinogen ( FIB) and severity of diabetic retinopathy ( DR) . METHODS: The survey included 99 patients with DR (48 with non-proliferative and 51 with proliferative DR) in our hospital during June 2012 and May 2014. Another 50 diabetic patients without DR and 50 healthy volunteers were matched as controls. Demographic data and disease history were gained. Fasting blood sample were collected to measure PDW, FIB, platelet count, fasting blood glucose and HbA1c. RESULTS: Compared with healthy controls ( 16. 6%±1.2%) , a significant difference was found in PDW values among diabetic patients ( all P gender, disease duration and HbA1c, multi factor Logistic analysis showed that there were significant increased risks in the prevalence of non-proliferative ( OR: 1. 464, PDW) ( OR: 2. 199, FIB) and proliferative DR ( OR: 1. 652, PDW ) ( OR: 2. 691, FIB ) with the increased PDW and FIB value (all P CONCLUSION: The PDW and FIB value are parallel with the severity of DR, and there is increased risk of non-proliferative and proliferative DR with the PDW and FIB value increases.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349644

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to investigate the apoptosis-inducing effect of astragalosides on acute promyelocytic leukemia(APL) cell line NB4 and its mechanism. NB4 cells were treated with different concentrations (200, 300, 400 µg /ml) of astragalosides for 48 h. The cell proliferation was assayed by using CCK-8 method; the cell apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry with Annexin V-FITE/PI double staining. The mRNA expression of BCL-2 and the relative activity of BCL-2, NF-κB and caspase-3 were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The results showed that after treated with astragalosides for 48 h, astragalosides inhibited NB4 cell proliferation in concentration-dependent way, the apoptosis rate of NB4 cells gradually elevated from 4.69% to 40.85% with the increasing of astragalosides concentration. Simultaneously, the mRNA expression of BCL-2 was down-regulated, Western blot analysis showed that the protein expression levels of BCL-2 and NF-κB decreased after astragalosides treatment, while caspase-3 protein expression level increased. It is concluded that the molecular mechanism of the astragalosides-induced apoptosis in NB4 cells may be associated with down-regulation of the expression of BCL-2 and NF-κB, finally the relative activity of caspase-3 activated.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Saponins , Pharmacology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446977

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) on human vascular endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells and to explore the roles of TSH in the development of atherosclerosis.Methods Human vascular endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells were cultured in vitro.MTT method was used to assay the effect of TSH on cell viability.Real-time PCR was used to determine the levels of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS),prostacyclin(PGI2),endothelin-1 (ET-1),plasminagen activator inhibitor(PAI-1) (mRNA) in endothelial cells and the phenotype transition of smooth muscle cells.The effect of TSH to the cycle of smooth muscle cells was detected by using flow cytometry.Immunocytochemistry and Western blot were used to investigate the expression of the cell cyclin A,D1,and the expression of endothelial cell associated factors eNOS and ET-1.Results Compared with the control group,eNOS and PGI2 mRNA levels decreased while ET-1 and PAI-1 mRNA levels increased when different concentrations of TSH were applied to endothelial cells(P<0.05).The level of eNOS protein was decreased gradually while the level of ET-1 protein was gradually increased(P<0.05).Different concentrations of TSH applied to smooth muscle cells could promote the transition of cell cycle phase G2 to phase M and increase the expression of cell cyclin A and D1.Conclusion TSH may damage the function of vascular endothelial cells and promote the proliferation of smooth muscle cells.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439075

ABSTRACT

Purpose To evaluate the correlation and consistency of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) obtained by ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPECT (GMPS) using four formulae (R0-R3) of ECToolbox software and findings on equilibrium radionuclide angiography (ERNA), and to determine the optimal diagnostic thresholds by using the four formulae. Materials and Methods A total of 38 patients with myocardial infarction and 65 patients with suspected coronary heart disease underwent both 99Tcm-MIBI rest GMPS and 99Tcm-RBC ERNA within a week. The LVEF values calculated by ECToolbox R0, R1, R2 and R3 were compared with those obtained by ERNA, and compared with ERNA results, the optimal diagnostic thresholds of the four formulae (R0-R3) were assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Results The results calculated by the formulae (R0-R3) presented a significant positive correlation with that obtained by ERNA [mean LVEF value by ERNA (54.6±17.5)%, mean LVEF value by formulae R0-R3 (64.1±15.7)%, (56.3±15.1)%, (69.9±17.9)% and (56.7±13.6)%, respectively, r=0.899, 0.898, 0.890, 0.895; P<0.01]. All mean LVEF values calculated by the four formulae were higher than that by ERNA, and the difference was significant (P<0.05). LVEF≥50%obtained by ERNA was considered as normal diagnostic value, the optimal diagnostic thresholds of R0-R3 were 56.5%, 51.5%, 64.5% and 52.5%, respectively. Conclusion The results calculated by R0, R1, R2 and R3 in the ECToolbox software and that by ERNA show significant correlation and difference for the assessment of LVEF. Thus it is advisable to stick to one formula in the follow-up of each patient and select correspondent threshold in the clinical diagnosis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426201

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility,technique and clinical significance of preserving the great auricular nerve in parotid benign tumors surgery during the first postoperative year.Methods Fifty-two patients with parotid benign tumors were randomly divded into 2 groups.24 patients (group sacrificed) underwent classic parotidectomy with sacrifice of the great auricular nerve.The surgeons spare the nerve in the 32 patients with FOCUS ultrasonic harmonic scalpel (group preserved).Results After surgery,both groups showed lower levels of subjective sensation and sensory function test at auricle.These alterations were less pronounced in group preserved.Both groups showed improvement over time.In group preserved the sensory function reached normal level by 12 months after surgery.The recuperation in group sacrificed was partial at 12 months after operation.Conclusion The great auricular nerve preservation during parotidectomy is feasible,It can decrease sensory disturbance in the early postoperative period and avoid the permanent sequelae that occur when the nerve is sacrificed.The FOCUS ultrasonic harmonic scalpel technique can reduce the operation time.

18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 614-619, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324521

ABSTRACT

We developed large-scale preparation of phycoerythrin from Porphyra haitanensis, a main economic red algae in China. Firstly, P. haitanensis thallus was broken by using "swelling and smash" method. Then times of grads ammonium sulfate precipitation applied to the crude extraction were compared. Desalted solution was further purified with one-step chromatography using hydroxyapatite and properties on spectrum and molecular weight were identified finally. The results indicated that after four times of ammonium sulfate precipitation (15%, 50%, 10% and 40%), the absorption spectrum purity of P. haitanensis achieved 0.9 (A564/A280), and 507.82 mg phycoerythrin (A564/A280 > 3.2) was obtained from 7 kg fresh algae after further hydroxyapatite chromatography. This research provides a potential way for preparation of phycoerythrin in large sclae.


Subject(s)
Ammonium Sulfate , Chemistry , Chromatography , Methods , Phycoerythrin , Porphyra , Chemistry
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328574

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to evaluate ABL tyrosine kinase point mutations in imatinib-treated chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients and their clinical significance. 51 bone marrow samples from 28 imatinib-resistant patients and 10 newly diagnosed CML patients were collected. ABL kinase domain of bcr-abl allele was amplified by nested reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, followed by purifying, directly sequencing and sequence homology analysis of amplified products in order to determine the existence and type of point mutation. The results showed that the point mutations were found in 12 of 38 patients, and all the 12 ones progressed to advanced disease or death. 2 patients showed Met351Thr mutation, 7 patients showed Glu252His, 2 patients showed Glu279Lys, the other types were Glu255Val and Glu355Gly, each of which was tested in one patient. The incidence of the point mutation was 17.6%, 45.5% and 44.4% in chronic, accelerated and blast phase respectively. The incidences of point mutation in hematologically and genetically resistant patients were 50% (5/10) and 44.4% (8/18), and the 95% confidence interval (CI) was 12.3% - 87.7% and 19% - 69.9% respectively. It is concluded that ABL kinase point mutation is an important mechanism of imatinib resistance, monitoring the ABL kinase domain point mutation is helpful to estimating the prognosis and adjusting the therapeutic strategy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Benzamides , Female , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Piperazines , Therapeutic Uses , Point Mutation , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Genetics , Pyrimidines , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403999

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes in proliferation index (PrI) of gingival fibroblasts in nifedipine-induced gingival hyperplasia ( NIFr-HGF). Methods Gingival fibroblasts were derived from a patient with nifedipine-induced gingival hyperplasia. Cells were induced by 10 ng/mL and 1 000 ng/mL nifedipine ( low- and high-concentration drug intervention groups), respectively. Cells were harvested 18 h and 30 h after intervention, cell cycles were detected by flow cytometry, and Prls were calculated. NIFr-HGF without nifedipine induction were served as blank control. Results After induction for the same time, Prls of NIFr-HGF cell cycle of low- and high-concentration drug intervention groups were significantly higher than those of blank control group (P <0.05) , while there was no significant difference between low and high-concentration drug intervention groups (P > 0.05). In low and high-concentration drug intervention groups, Prls of NIFr-HGF cell cycle after intervention for 30 h were significantly higher than those after intervention for 18 h [(57. 54 ± 0.019)% vs (21.15 ±0.011)%, and (59.36 ±0.031)% vs (19.01 ±0.012) %, respectively] (P < 0.05). Conclusion For patients with nifedipine-induced gingival hyperplasia, PrI of NIFr-HGF cell cycle increases with time of nifedipine intervention, while is not significantly related to drug concentration.

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