Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 199
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929263

ABSTRACT

A series of 26 novel derivatives have been synthesized through structural modification of gentiopicroside, a lead COX-2 inhibitor. And their in vivo and in vitro anti-inflammatory activities have been investigated. The in vitro anti-inflammatory activities were evaluated against NO, PGE2, and IL-6 production in the mouse macrophage cell line RAW264.7 stimulated by LPS. Results showed that most compounds had good inhibitory activity. The in vivo inhibitory activities were further tested against xylene-induced mouse ear swelling. Results demonstrated that several compounds were more active than the parent compound gentiopicroside. The inhibition rate of the most active compound P23 (57.26%) was higher than positive control drug celecoxib (46.05%) at dose 0.28 mmol·kg-1. Molecular docking suggested that these compounds might bind to COX-2 and iNOS. Some of them, e.g P7, P14, P16, P21, P23, and P24, had high docking scores in accordance with their potency of the anti-inflammatory activitiy, that downregulation of the inflammatory factors, NO, PGE2, and IL-6, was possibly associated with the suppression of iNOS and COX-2. Therefore, these gentiopicroside derivatives may represent a novel class of COX-2 and iNOS inhibitors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Cyclooxygenase 2/chemistry , Dinoprostone , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Iridoid Glucosides , Mice , Molecular Docking Simulation , Pyridinolcarbamate
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929031

ABSTRACT

More than 100 genes located on the X chromosome have been found to be associated with X-linked intellectual disability (XLID) to date, and NEXMIF is a pathogenic gene for XLID. In addition to intellectual disability, patients with NEXMIF gene mutation can also have other neurological symptoms, such as epilepsy, abnormal behavior, and hypotonia, as well as abnormalities of other systems. Two children with intellectual disability and epilepsy caused by NEXMIF gene mutation were treated in the Department of Pediatrics, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from March 8, 2017 to June 20, 2020. Patient 1, a 7 years and 8 months old girl, visited our department because of the delayed psychomotor development. Physical examination revealed strabismus (right eye), hyperactivity, and loss of concentration. Intelligence test showed a developmental quotient of 43.6. Electroencephalogram showed abnormal discharge, and cranial imaging appeared normal. Whole exome sequencing revealed a de novo heterozygous mutation, c.2189delC (p.S730Lfs*17) in the NEXMIF gene (NM_001008537). During the follow-up period, the patient developed epileptic seizures, mainly manifested as generalized and absent seizures. She took the medicine of levetiracetam and lamotrigine, and the seizures were under control. Patient 2, a 6-months old boy, visited our department due to developmental regression and seizures. He showed poor reactions to light and sound, and was not able to raise head without aid. Hypotonia was also noticed. The electroencephalogram showed intermittent hyperarrhythmia, and spasms were monitored. He was given topiramate and adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH). Whole exome sequencing detected a de novo c.592C>T (Q198X) mutation in NEXMIF gene. During the follow-up period, the seizures were reduced with vigabatrin. He had no obvious progress in the psychomotor development, and presented strabismus. There were 91 cases reported abroad, 1 case reported in China, and 2 patients were included in this study. A total of 85 variants in NEXMIF gene were found, involving 83 variants reported in PubMed and HGMD, and the 2 new variants presented in our patients. The patients with variants in NEXMIF gene all had mild to severe intellectual disability. Behavioral abnormalities, epilepsy, hypotonia, and other neurological symptoms are frequently presented. The phenotype of male partially overlaps with that of female. Male patients often have more severe intellectual disability, impaired language, and autistic features, while female patients often have refractory epilepsy. Most of the variants reported so far were loss-of-function resulted in the reduced protein expression of NEXMIF. The degree of NEXMIF loss appears to correlate with the severity of the phenotype.


Subject(s)
Child , Epilepsy/genetics , Female , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Male , Muscle Hypotonia/complications , Mutation , Phenotype , Seizures/genetics , Strabismus/complications
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873557

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the association between global epidemic of COVID-19 and local situation of imported cases from abroad to Shanghai, and then to predict the risk of imported COVID-19 epidemic from December 2020 through March 2021. Methods A retrospective analysis on the imported COVID-19 cases from abroad to Shanghai was conducted. The correlation between global and country-specific confirmed COVID-19 cases(weekly confirmed cases per 100 000 population)and imported cases(weekly reported)in Shanghai was determined. Compared to the risk in November 2020, country-specific risk of imported cases to Shanghai was assessed to calculate the possible number of imported case in the near future using SEIR model. Results The number of imported case of COVID-19 from abroad to Shanghai increased along with the global epidemic, with several peaks accordingly. However, the imported cases did not accumulate, as potential epidemic has been always effectively contained through timely implementation of prevention and control measures. The number of weekly imported cases in Shanghai was significantly correlated with the number of global weekly confirmed cases per 100 000 population(rSpearman = 0.349, P = 0.029), and also correlated with weekly reported cases in certain countries(P < 0.05), such as the UK and France. Using the number of imported cases from abroad to Shanghai in November as baseline, the estimated monthly number of imported cases in Shanghai might increase in the following four months. Conclusion The risk of imported COVID-19 cases from abroad to Shanghai may increase in the near future. Prediction of imported case would provide scientific evidence for optimizing prevention and control measures and reserving medical resources for the imported epidemic.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 231-235, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862649

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the protec tive effects of scoparone on acute liver injury induced by CCl 4 in mice and its potential molecular mechanism. METHODS :Fifty male Kunming mice were randomly divided into normal control group ,model group,silymarin group (positive control ,120 mg/kg),scoparone high-dose and low-dose groups (60,30 mg/kg),with 10 mice in each group. Administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically. Normal control group and model group were given constant volume of 0.5% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose solution ,once a day ,for 7 days. Two hours after last medication , except normal control group was intraperitoneally injected constant volume of olive oil ,other groups were intraperitoneally injected 0.1% CCl4 olive oil solution (10 mL/kg)at one time to establish the acute liver injury model. The pathological changes of liver tissues in mice were observed by HE staining ;the activity of AST ,ALT,SOD and CAT and the contents of IL- 1β,IL-6,TNF-α and MDA in serum were measured by ELISA ;the phosphorylation of nuclear factor κB(NF-κB)pathway related proteins (NF-κB p65,IκBα)in liver tissue were detected by Western blotting assay. RESULTS :Compared with normal control group ,serum activities of AST and ALT ,the contents of MDA ,IL-1β,IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly increased in model group,the activities of SOD and CAT were decreased significantly (P<0.05);obvious pathological changes were observed in liver tissues ; phosphorylation levels of NF-κB p65 and IκBα protein in liver tissues were significantly increased(P<0.05). Compared with model group ,the activities or contens of related factors in serum of mice were significantly reversed in silymarin group and scoparone high-dose and low-dose groups (P<0.05);the pathological changes of liver tissues were significantly reduced ;the phosphorylation levels of NF-κB p65 and IκBα protein in liver tissues were significantly reduced(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS : Scoparone has a protective effect on CCl 4-induced acute liver injury in mice ,which is related to reducing oxidative stress levels and blocking the activation of NF-κB pathway,thereby inhibiting inflammatory response.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2793-2797, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906864

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of magnetic resonance imaging-proton density fat fraction (MRI-PDFF) and FibroScan in the quantitative evaluation of liver fat content in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Methods A total of 96 patients with CHB who were hospitalized in Department of Hepatology, The Second Clinical Medical College of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, from February 2017 to July 2020 were enrolled, and all patients were diagnosed based on liver pathological examination. MRI-PDFF and FibroScan were performed before surgery. According to the results of liver biopsy, the patients were divided into non-fatty liver disease group with 44 patients, mild fatty liver disease group with 33 patients, and moderate-to-severe fatty liver disease group with 19 patients. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t -test was used for further comparison between two groups; the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between multiple groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for further comparison between two groups; Bonferroni correction was also performed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to analyze the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of hepatic fat fraction (HFF) and controllable attenuation parameters (CAP) in the diagnosis of fatty liver disease and obtain their sensitivities, specificities, and optimal cut-off values. The intraclass correlation coefficient was used to investigate the consistency of MRI-PDFF data. Results The moderate-to-severe fatty liver disease group had a significant increase in MRI-PDFF HFF compared with the non-fatty liver disease group and the mild fatty liver disease group (all P < 0.05), and the mild fatty liver disease group had a significant increase in MRI-PDFF HFF compared with the non-fatty liver disease group( P < 0.05). The moderate-to-severe fatty liver disease group had a significant increase in FibroScan CAP compared with the non-fatty liver disease group and the mild fatty liver disease group (all P < 0.05), and the mild fatty liver disease group had a significant increase in FibroScan CAP compared with the non-fatty liver disease group ( P < 0.05). In the diagnosis of mild fatty liver disease, MRI-PDFF HFF had an AUC of 0.901 ( P < 0.001), a sensitivity of 90.9%, and a specificity of 82.7% at the optimal cut-off value of 5.1%, and in the diagnosis of moderate-to-severe fatty liver disease, MRI-PDFF HFF had an AUC of 0.972 ( P < 0.001), a sensitivity of 96.1%, and a specificity of 89.5% at the optimal cut-off value of 9.7%. In the diagnosis of mild fatty liver disease, FibroScan CAP had an AUC of 0.829 ( P < 0.001), a sensitivity of 77.3%, and a specificity of 78.8% at the optimal cut-off value of 258.5 dB/m, and in the diagnosis of moderate-to-severe fatty liver disease, FibroScan CAP had an AUC of 0.830 ( P < 0.001), a sensitivity of 76.6%, and a specificity of 78.9% at the optimal cut-off value of 285.5 dB/m. Conclusion Both MRI-PDFF and FibroScan can objectively evaluate the degree of fatty liver disease in patients with CHB. MRI-PDFF HFF and FibroScan CAP can be used as noninvasive markers for the quantitative analysis of CHB with hepatic steatosis, and MRI-PDFF HFF tends to have higher diagnostic efficiency.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906072

ABSTRACT

Glaucoma is a common blinding eye disease characterized by progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and their axons, gradual loss of visual field, and optic atrophy. The pathological changes of glaucoma are mainly the degeneration, atrophy, and loss of RGCs and their axons, which can eventually lead to the permanent impairment of visual function. The specific pathogenesis of glaucoma remains unclear. Autophagy is a process in which damaged, denatured, or senescent proteins and organelles are transported to lysosomes for digestion and degradation in order to continuously renew and rebuild cells for reuse. As revealed by clinical case analysis and animal experiments, Chinese patent medicine and some traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) therapies may be able to target the autophagy pathway. This paper expounded the role of autophagy in glaucoma-induced ocular hypertension and optic nerve injury from the aspects of stress response of ocular tissue to high intraocular pressure, trabecular meshwork dysfunction, immune regulation, and scar regulation as well as the regulatory effects of some Chinese medicinal ingredients on autophagy, aiming to explore the possibility of integrated TCM and western medicine in regulating autophagy and preventing glaucoma-induced optic nerve injury and early visual field loss. It was found that Chinese medicinal monomers or extracts function via multiple pathways and multiple targets, mainly involving two classical autophagy pathways, namely phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Moreover, the current studies on the neuroprotective effect of TCM mostly focus on the brain and spinal cord lesions of the central nervous system, and its protective mechanism against optic nerve injury in glaucoma still needs further investigation. In addition, autophagy was like a "double-edged sword" in different experimental animal models and methods. How to artificially intervene in autophagy to prevent the apoptosis of RGCs and protect the optic nerve injury is still an urgent problem to be solved in the future research.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905948

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is a new type of cell death caused by abnormal accumulation of iron-dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS) and imbalance of redox with the participation of iron ions. In recent years, studies have found that ferroptosis is associated with various diseases and can especially regulate the development of tumors. Chinese medicine has unique advantages in tumor prevention and treatment. How to use ferroptosis theory to guide the prevention and treatment of cancer and other tumor diseases by Chinese medicine is a new research hotspot. This paper summarizes the proposal, action mechanism, and signaling pathway of ferroptosis, its application in tumor therapy, and the research on the activity of Chinese medicine based on ferroptosis. Results found that the occurrence of ferroptosis is related to iron metabolism, lipid ROS metabolism, and other signaling pathways and gene expressions. Ferroptosis can regulate tumor initiation and development, treatment, and tumor immunity, which provides strategies for tumor treatment and anti-tumor drug development. By analyzing the biological activity of Chinese medicine against ferroptosis, we found that Chinese medicines (Scutellariae Radix, Puerariae Lobatae Radix, Astragali Radix, Ginkgo, Epimedii Folium, Artemisiae Annuae Herba, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma), Chinese herbal compounds ( Naotaifang, Si Junzitang, and Shenmai injection), and Chinese medicine effective components (baicalein, dihydroartemisinin, puerarin, piperlongumine, luteolin, and quercetin) can exert antitumor and other biological activities by regulating ferroptosis. Therefore, Chinese medicine has great potential in preventing and controlling tumors and other diseases by regulating ferroptosis. This paper provides theoretical basis and research ideas for the in-depth study of ferroptosis theory and guides the prevention and treatment of tumor diseases by Chinese medicine.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905312

ABSTRACT

Gait adaptability refers to adjustments of gait to accomplish walking and to overcome environmental difficulties. According to the training environment, gait adaptability training in stroke rehabilitation can be divided into two categories: real environment and simulated environment. The simulated environment is divided into simple indoor and multimoding environment. Some technologies, such as virtual reality and augmented reality may provide safer and more efficient methods for gait adaptability training. Gait adaptability training can improve walking function and confidence of hemiplegic patients, and help them to return to community life and social participation.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2710-2720, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921234

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Histological and functional recovery after peripheral nerve injury (PNI) is of significant clinical value as delayed surgical repair and longer distances to innervate terminal organs may account for poor outcomes. Low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy (LiESWT) has already been proven to be beneficial for injured tissue recovery on various pathological conditions. The objective of this study was to explore the potential effect and mechanism of LiESWT on PNI recovery.@*METHODS@#In this project, we explored LiESWT's role using an animal model of sciatic nerve injury (SNI). Shockwave was delivered to the region of the SNI site with a special probe at 3 Hz, 500 shocks each time, and 3 times a week for 3 weeks. Rat Schwann cells (SCs) and rat perineurial fibroblasts (PNFs) cells, the two main compositional cell types in peripheral nerve tissue, were cultured in vitro, and LiESWT was applied through the cultured dish to the adherent cells. Tissues and cell cultures were harvested at corresponding time points for a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence staining. Multiple groups were compared by using one-way analysis of variance followed by the Tukey-Kramer test for post hoc comparisons.@*RESULTS@#LiESWT treatment promoted the functional recovery of lower extremities with SNI. More nerve fibers and myelin sheath were found after LiESWT treatment associated with local upregulation of mechanical sensitive yes-associated protein (YAP)/transcriptional co-activator with a PDZ-binding domain (TAZ) signaling pathway. In vitro results showed that SCs were more sensitive to LiESWT than PNFs. LiESWT promoted SCs activation with more expression of p75 (a SCs dedifferentiation marker) and Ki67 (a SCs proliferation marker). The SCs activation process was dependent on the intact YAP/TAZ signaling pathway as knockdown of TAZ by TAZ small interfering RNA significantly attenuated this process.@*CONCLUSION@#The LiESWT mechanical signal perception and YAP/TAZ upregulation in SCs might be one of the underlying mechanisms for SCs activation and injured nerve axon regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Axons , Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy , Nerve Regeneration , Peripheral Nerve Injuries/therapy , Rats , Schwann Cells , Sciatic Nerve , Signal Transduction
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912084

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish and evaluate a rapid nucleic acid detection method for SARS-CoV-2 based on COYOTE ? Flash20 real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR instrument. Methods:A rapid reaction system was constructed by using specific primer and probe sets targeting ORF1ab and N gene of SARS-CoV-2, and the sensitivity and specificity of the system were verified. At the same time, 108 clinical samples of COVID-19 were used to evaluate the application of this method.Results:The detection method did not require nucleic acid extraction, and the manual operation time was only one minute. After the sample was sent to the system, the test could be completed in 30 minutes. The detection limit of this method was 4×10 2 copies/ml. It had no cross-reactivity with other human coronaviruses (including HCoV-229E, HCoV-NL63, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-HKU1, SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV) and other respiratory viruses. The evaluation of clinical sample application showed that the total coincidence rate with the conventional RT-qPCR which required nucleic acid extraction was 98.15%. Conclusions:Through the application evaluation of the rapid fluorescent quantitative PCR method of SARS-CoV-2, it was found that the method was simple, fast, specific and sensitive, and it was suitable for real-time and rapid detection needs in varieties of situations.

11.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1282-1289, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911867

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical, imaging and genetic features of patients with global developmental delay combined with epilepsy and striatal degeneration caused by POLR3A gene mutations.Methods:A total of three patients from two families with non-consanguineous marriages admitted to the Department of Pediatric Neurology of Xiangya Hospital of Central South University in 2020 were examined in detail. Peripheral blood DNA was extracted, and whole-exome sequencing was performed on the patients, combined with Sanger sequencing for verification. The mutation and protein function predictor softwares were applied to analyze the mutation sites.Results:All three patients presented with global developmental delay, seizures, dystonia. Head magnetic resonance imaging of all patients suggested basal ganglia atrophy and striatal degeneration. All had compound heterozygous mutations of c.1980 G>C; c.1771-6 C>G and c.2044C>T; c.1771-7 C>G in POLR3A gene as indicated by whole-exome sequencing. Sanger sequencing validation confirmed that the compound heterozygous mutations were originated from the parents of probands from the two families, respectively. Bioinformatic analysis suggested pathogenic features of the mutations.Conclusions:Compound heterozygous mutations in POLR3A gene , including a splice site mutation result in global developmental delay combined with epilepsy, striatal degeneration. Clinicians should promote the awareness of POLR3 related spectrum disorders, thus make early recognition and diagnosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888472

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features and recurrence factors of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibody disease in children and the effect of recurrence prevention regimens.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 41 children with MOG antibody disease who were hospitalized in the Department of Pediatric Neurology, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, from December 2014 to September 2020. According to the presence or absence of recurrence, they were divided into a monophasic course group (@*RESULTS@#For these 41 children, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis was the most common initial manifestation and was observed in 23 children (56%). Of the 41 children, 22 (54%) experienced recurrence, with 57 recurrence events in total, among which optic neuritis was the most common event (17/57, 30%). The proportion of children in the recurrence group who were treated with corticosteroids for less than 3 months in the acute phase was higher than that in the monophasic course group (64% @*CONCLUSIONS@#More than half of the children with MOG antibody disease may experience recurrence. Most children with recurrence are treated with corticosteroids for less than 3 months in the acute phase. Rituximab and azathioprine may reduce the risk of recurrence.


Subject(s)
Autoantibodies , Child , Humans , Myelin-Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein , Optic Neuritis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888211

ABSTRACT

The subpulmonary ventricular exclusion (Fontan) could effectively improve the living quality for the children patients with a functional single ventricle in clinical. However, postoperative Fontan circulation failure can easily occur, causing obvious limitations while clinically implementing Fontan. The cavopulmonary assist devices (CPAD) is currently an effective means to solve such limitations. Therefore, in this paper the


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Child , Feedback , Heart-Assist Devices , Hemodynamics , Humans , Models, Cardiovascular
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910154

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the related factors influencing the length of hospital stay(LOS) of pregnant women with heart disease (PWHD) after cesarean section.Methods:A total of 306 patients with PWHD who underwent cesarean section from January 2012 to March 2019 were collected. Among them, 203 patients had not undergone heart surgery (uncorrected group) and 103 patients who had undergone heart surgery (corrected group) during the same period. Demographic, perioperative and postoperative data were recorded. Predictors associated with postoperative LOS were determined using univariate and multivariate linear regression analysis models.Results:(1) The median LOS after cesarean section in the uncorrected group was 6 days (5-8 days). The results of univariate linear regression analysis showed that 38 parameters had significant impact on LOS ( P<0.05). The results of multivariate linear regression analysis showed that 5 parameters were independent risk factors for prolonged LOS in the uncorrected group; among them, the median LOS in uncorrected group with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy was 3 days longer than that in patients with PWHD alone [7 days (5-8 days) vs 4 days (4-5 days), β=0.195, P=0.001]; the median LOS in uncorrected group with high serum creatinine was 3 days longer than normal patients [7 days (5-13 days) vs 4 days (4-5 days), β=0.145, P=0.015]; the LOS of patients who chose general anesthesia was 2 days longer than that of patients who chose spinal anesthesia [6 days (4-8 days) vs 4 days (4-5 days), β=0.154, P=0.007]; the LOS of patients with postoperative pulmonary infection was 4 days longer than that of patients without pulmonary infection [8 days (5-15 days) vs 4 days (4-5 days), β=0.269, P<0.01]; the LOS of patients who admitted to ICU after surgery was 2 days longer than that not admitted patients [6 days (5-8 days) vs 4 days (4-5 days), β=0.268, P<0.01]. (2) The median LOS after cesarean section in corrected group was 4 days (4-5 days). The results of univariate linear regression analysis showed that 8 parameters had significant impact on the LOS (all P<0.05). The results of multivariate linear regression analysis showed that 2 parameters, which were American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade ( β=0.198, P=0.028) and intraoperative blood loss ( β=0.285, P=0.003), were the independent risk factors for prolonged LOS in corrected group. Conclusion:Preoperative with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, preoperative creatinine increase, intraoperative general anesthesia, postoperative pulmonary infection, and postoperative admission to ICU are independent predictors of prolonged LOS in uncorrected patients with PWHD; ASA classification and intraoperative bleeding are independent predictor of prolonged postoperative LOS in patients with corrected PWHD.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908320

ABSTRACT

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor(NMDAR)encephalitis is an autoimmune disorder mediated by anti-NMDAR antibody.It can be found in both adults and children.Anti-NMDAR encephalitis in children is different from adults in inducement, clinical manifestation, diagnosis process, treatment, follow-up strategy, and prognosis.Although the clinical manifestation of the disease is serious, timely and effective immunotherapy can make the vast majority of children get a good prognosis.Therefore, the review summarized and analyzed the treatment progress, in order to improve the standard diagnosis and treatment of pediatric anti-NMDAR encephalitis in China, and reduce the morbidity and mortality.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873305

ABSTRACT

The chemical components (groups) contained in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and its compound preparations are the material basis for its curative effect, because of the integrity of the action of TCM and the complexity of its compositions and mechanism. The separation and analysis of chemical constituents in TCM and its compound prescriptions by various methods is always a key problem to be solved in the research of disease prevention and treatment of TCM. The binding of drug molecules to receptors at the cellular level was explored to provide a new idea for the screening of active components of TCM or its compound preparations. Traditional methods have some drawbacks, such as cumbersome operation, time-consuming, waste of solvents and irreversible adsorption of samples. The basic information of pharmacological parameters cannot be given in the separation process, and the active ingredients cannot be efficiently and accurately located. At present, cell membrane chromatography (CMC), one of the methods, is used to study the interaction between drug molecules and receptors, and can combine the existing chromatography and mass spectrometry technology, cell biology and receptor pharmacology, and correctly reflect the interaction between active parts, active components and cell membrane and membrane receptors, so it has unique advantages in screening effective parts, separation of active components and high-throughput screening from complex TCM system. The principles and characteristics of CMC, the cell membrane model in the field of active ingredient selection of TCM and its research status in combination with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) were reviewed, and its development prospects and future research methods were discussed, which provides theoretical basis and practical guidance for the research and utilization of CMC in the field of TCM.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870109

ABSTRACT

Objective:To conduct a meta-analysis of clinical data to investigate the relationship between incretins and fracture in order to provide individualized hypoglycemic agents for type 2 diabetic patients with osteoporosis.Methods:PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases were searched up to January 1, 2018 for randomized controlled trials(RCTs)and the relationship between incretins and fracture was explored by meta-analysis.Results:The meta-analysis showed that the use of incretin was not associated with fracture risk compared with placebo or other positive hypoglycemic agents( OR 0.972, 95% CI 0.876-1.079). But in the subgroup analysis, 100 mg/d sitagliptin( OR 0.495, 95% CI 0.304-0.806)or 1.8 mg/d liraglutide( OR 0.621, 95% CI 0.413-0.933)reduced fracture risk. Conclusions:Meta-analysis shows no increase in the incidence of fracture events after the use of incretin. 100 mg/d sitagliptin or 1.8 mg/d liraglutide may exert protective effects on bone metabolism. However, the included data are from the reports of fracture adverse reactions in RCT studies, and large-scale clinical studies are needed to confirm these findings.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782332

ABSTRACT

@#Since December 2019, an epidemic of novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) has occurred in China. How to effectively prevent and control NCP among children with limited resources is an urgent issue to be explored. Under the unified arrangement of the Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, the Department of Pediatrics has formulated an action plan with Xiangya unique model to prevent and control NCP among children according to the current epidemic situation and diagnostic and therapeutic program in China.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905430

ABSTRACT

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) can achieve neuroplasticity through repeated stimulation of specific cortex, and may be in the ways of inter-hemisphere inhibition or compensation, or both. The various combination of frequency, intensity and duration of stimulation may effect the upper limb function after stroke in different ways.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905416

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of voice training on the vocal function of patients with early vocal fold polyps. Methods:From May, 2016 to May, 2018, 80 patients with unilateral wide-based vocal fold polyps were randomly divided into control group (n = 40) and experimental group (n = 40). Both groups underwent voice hygiene education, and the experimental group accepted voice training, 40 minutes a week for twelve weeks in addition. They were evaluated with fiber laryngoscope, voice handicap index (VHI) and the computer phonatory detection before and after training. Results:Five in the control group and seven in the experimental group were dropped out. After training, the cure rate and the improvement rate of vocal fold polyps were significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group (χ2 = 24.608, P < 0.001). The scores of VHI significantly improved in the experimental group (t/Z > 11.701, P < 0.05), and were better than those in the control group (t/Z > 7.027, P < 0.001). The scores of jitter, shimmer, and maximum phonation time improved (|t/Z| >5.012, P < 0.001) after training in the experimental group, and were better than those in the control group (t/Z > 4.596, P < 0.001). Conclusion:Voice training could improve the vocal function of patients with early vocal fold polyps, reduce hoarseness, and improve the voice quality.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL