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1.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 1075-1080, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999002

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of epidural analgesia plus dexmedetomidine infusion on postpartum depression in parturients with natural childbirth. MethodsWe selected 70 parturients aged between 22 and 36, with singleton, term, cephalic presentation, natural delivery and ASA class I or Ⅱ. The cases undergoing epidural analgesia with ropivacaine and sufentanil were randomly divided into two groups by using a random number table (n=35 for each group). The control group (Group C) used intravenous infusion of normal saline, while the experimental group (Group D) used equivalent volumes of intravenous infusion of dexmedetomidine. Participants were followed up at 1, 6, 12 weeks after childbirth to assess the severity of postpartum depression. Blood samples were collected at 12 h and 48 h after childbirth to measure the serum prolactin levels. The hemodynamic (HR and MAP) changes, VAS scores, and Ramsay scores were recorded at five time points: before analgesia (T1), 10 min after analgesia (T2), 30 min after analgesia (T3), 12 h (T4) and 24 h (T5) after delivery. The number of analgesia pump presses and adverse events were also documented. ResultsCompared with Group C, Group D showed significantly lower EPDS scores at 1 week after childbirth, significantly higher prolactin concentrations at 12 h and 48 h after childbirth, significantly lower VAS scores at T2, T3 and T4, significantly higher Ramsay score at T3 and significantly reduced number of analgesia pump presses (P < 0.05). ConclusionEpidural analgesia plus intravenous infusion of dexmedetomidine can alleviate early postpartum depression in women undergoing natural delivery, promote early prolactin secretion and provide a safe and effective adjunctive analgesic and sedative effect.

2.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 339-342, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933924

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the method of sequential sector scan with 2D ultrasound through oral fissure (SSTOF) and its utilization in the cleft palate screening.Methods:Based on features of oral anatomy and ultrasonic beam, SSTOF was designed to screen cleft palate and the accuracy had been verified using specimens of aborted fetuses. This study recruited 7 154 women with singleton pregnancy who were screened for fetal malformations during 20-28 gestational weeks in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from May 2020 to October 2020. In medical addition to routine screening, these subjects also underwent SSTOF to further verify its feasibility and imaging performance. Follow-up was performed by telephone and medical record review.Results:Clear images of the upper palate were acquired in five specimens of induced fetuses using SSTOF. Except for 56 cases lost to follow-up, a total of 7 098 fetuses were finally enrolled, of which 6 885 acquired satisfactory images using SSTOF, 213 did not due to inappropriate position, with a success image rate of 97%. SSTOF found cleft palate in 31cases, which were all confirmed after birth or induction, noting an accuracy rate of 100%.Conclusion:Sequential sector scan through oral fissure has a high clinical value on cleft palate screening in the second trimester with advantages of clear image, easy operation, and access to section views.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3675-3685, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964317

ABSTRACT

2-Oxoglutarate/Fe(II)-dependent dioxygenases (2-ODD) play an important role in plant primary and secondary metabolism. Based on the high-throughput sequencing platform Illumina NovaSeq 6000, the transcriptome of Salvia apiana Jepson was sequenced, and the obtained reads were de novo assembled. A total of 38 534 unigenes were obtained from the transcriptome. The assembled unigenes were annotated and 29 982 unigenes were given functional annotations. The 2-ODD genes were identified from the assembled S. apiana transcriptome database by bioinformatics methods, and the genes were analyzed, including the homology of the sequences, physicochemical characteristics, signal peptides, transmembrane domains, subcellular localization, secondary structure and tertiary structure, etc. The evolutionary relationships and the expression patterns of the identified 2-ODD genes were also analyzed. 39 full-length 2-ODD genes were identified from the transcriptome of S. apiana. The average length of these 2-ODD encoding proteins was 320 amino acids, the molecular weight was about 36.00 kDa, and most of them were hydrophilic proteins. Phylogenetic analysis divided these 2-ODD genes into several subfamilies. Gene expression analysis indicated that the 2-ODD genes were expressed in different parts of S. apiana, and the expression level of most genes was much higher in roots than that in leaves. This study can lay a foundation for further study of 2-ODD genes in S. apiana.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 70-80, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906332

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects and mechanism of zedoary turmeric oil and its active components on the vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), and mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) in the ovarian cancer (OC). Method:Network pharmacology technology was employed to analyze the mechanism of Curcumae Rhizoma on OC. Bioinformatics was used to analyze the expression of VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in OC and the effect on the prognosis of OC to explore the feasibility of zedoary turmeric oil in regulating VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in OC.The xenograft tumor model of nude mice was established, and the effects of zedoary turmeric oil and its active components on VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in OC were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, real-time fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), Western blot, and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Result:Bioinformatics analysis and literature research showed that VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR played a special regulatory role in the occurrence and development of OC, and were potential key targets for the proliferation of OC. Network pharmacology analysis revealed that Curcumae Rhizoma could regulate multiple disease targets of OC, and mediate VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in OC through these multiple targets. As demonstrated by HE staining, the tumor cells in the model group were densely arranged, with no erosion on the edge and no vesicles inside. Compared with the model group, the cell density in other treatment groups was reduced, and strip-shaped erosion on the edge and small empty vesicles were observed in the tumor tissue, especially in the zedoary turmeric oil group. According to the results of Real-time PCR and IHC, zedoary turmeric oil and its active components could inhibit the mRNA and protein expression of VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in the OC tissue (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Zedoary turmeric oil and its active components could reduce the expression of VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in tumor tissue of nude mice, and inhibited the proliferation of OC through VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR.

5.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 769-775, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the efficiency of acupuncture combined with early enteral nutrition (EEN) in patients with postoperative laparoscopic common bile duct exploration.@*METHODS@#A total of 200 patients with postoperative laparoscopic bile duct exploration was randomized using sealed envelopes and assigned to the convenitional, EEN, acupuncture plus convenitional and acupuncture plus EEN groups, 50 cases in each group. Twelve hours after operation, the patients in EEN groups began to receive oral enteral nutrition, and the acupuncture approach was performed by acupuncturist in acupuncture plus conventional and acupuncture plus EEN groups. Acupuncture was given at Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37) and Xiajuxu (ST 39) with a depth of 15-20 mm, using the lifting-thrusting and twisting method to obtain Deqi sensation. The needles were maintained for 30 min. Treatment was given once daily, 3 times per section. After the intervention, the patients' characteristics, operation time, bleeding volume, postoperative time to first anal exhaust, postoperative complications including abdominal distension, diarrhea, gastric dilatation, intestinal obstruction, pharyngodynia, incision, abdominal and pulmonary infection and postoperative hospitalization days were assessed and compared in patients among 4 groups.@*RESULTS@#Postoperative time to first anal exhaust in the convenitional group was longer compared with the other 3 groups (P<0.05), and was shorter in the acupuncture plus EEN group than those of the convenitional, acupuncture plus convenitional and EEN groups (P<0.01). The acupuncture plus EEN group showed significant decrease in the incidence of complications and less postoperative hospitalization days compared with the other groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01). There was no readmission.@*CONCLUSION@#After laparoscopic bile duct exploration, acupuncture combined with EEN treatment significantly improves the patients' gastrointestinal function, reduces complications, and shortens postoperative hospitalization days.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 393-396, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789230

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the applicafion value of a simple stereotaxic technology in open biopsy of breast calcification with wire localization guided by X-ray.Methods 36 lesions in 30 cases with calcifications on mammography underwent X-ray guided simple wire stereotaxic localization open biopsy.Results 36 lesions in 30 cases were removed completely after wire localization,among which 24 cases were removed completely by one time,accounting for 80% (24/30)of the total,and 6 cases were removed completely by two times,accounting for 20% (6/30)of the total.No case were removed without calcification or removed completely by more than three times.Conclusion The simple stereotaxic technology in open biopsy of breast calcification with wire localization guided by X-ray is easy to learn and safe to do,which is suitable for promotion at the grassroots hospital.

7.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 53-57, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734813

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and clinical significance of pro-inflammation S100A9 protein in intestinal type gastric cancer.Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological materials of the 278 patients who were diagnosed as Lauren classification intestinal gastric cancer and underwent surgical treatment between January and December 2008 at the Department of General Surgery,Zhongshan Hospital Fudan University.Immunohistochemistry was used to analyze the expression of S100A9 protein in tumor tissues and para-tumor tissues.Results High expression of S100A9 protein was associated with the depth of tumor invasion (P =0.013),lymph node metastasis (81.4%,53.9%,47.3% vs.84.7%,69.3%,60.7%,x2 =4.220,P =0.041) and TNM stage (P =0.010).The overall survival rate of these patients with high expression of S100A9 protein was significantly lower than those with low expression of S100A9 protein.In stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ patients,the overall survival rate of these patients with high expression of S100A9 protein was significantly lower than those with low expression of S100A9 protein.Moreover,for those patients who received postoperative chemotherapy,the prognosis of the patients with high expression of S100A9 protein was poorer than those with low expression.By multivariable analysis,the expression of S100A9 protein was not an independent risk factor for the prognosis of intestinal gastric cancer patients.Conclusions High expression of S100A9 protein in intestinal gastric cancer was associated with poor prognosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 250-258, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743966

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognostic factors of radical gastrectomy for stage Ⅲ gastric cancer and predictive value of metastatic lymph node ratio for prognosis.Methods The retrospective case-control study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 995 patients with stage Ⅲ gastric cancer who were admitted to the Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University between January 2003 and December 2014 were collected.There were 690 males and 305 females,aged from 20 to 75 years,with an average age of 61 years.After clinical staging according to results of preoperative accessory examinations,patients with early gastric cancer underwent D1+ lymphadenectomy,patients with advanced gastric cancer underwent D2 lymphadenectomy and patients with serosa invasion underwent D2+ lymphadenectomy.Observation indicators:(1) treatment situations;(2) follow-up and survival situations;(3) prognostic factors analysis after operation;(4) stratified analysis:① stratified analysis of tumor pathological N staging;② stratified analysis of number of lymph node dissected;③ stratified analysis of tumor pathological TNM staging;(5) receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Patients were followed up using outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect postoperative survival up to January 2016.The overall survival time was from the operation data to last follow-up or time of death.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD.The survival rate and curve were respectively calculated and drawn by the Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test was used for survival analysis.The COX proportional hazard model was used for univariate and multivariate analysis.The ROC curve and area under curve (AUC) were used to check the accuracy of number of positive lymph nodes and metastatic lymph node ratio for prognosis.Comparison of the AUC was analyzed by the Z test.Results (1) Treatment situations:of 995 patients underging gastrectomy,677 underwent distal gastrectomy,85 underwent proximal gastrectomy,233 underwent total gastrectomy.There were 117 undergoing D1+ lymphadenectomy and 878 undergoing D2 lymphadenectomy or D2+ lymphadenectomy.The number of lymph node dissected,number of positive lymph nodes,metastatic lymph node ratio were 27± 12,10± 9 and 0.41±0.28,respectively.(2) Follow-up and survival situations:995 patients were followed up for (35± 32)months.During the follow-up,the 1-,3-,5-year overall survival rates were 77.9%,47.8%,36.2%.(3) Prognostic factors analysis after operation:results of univariate analysis showed that sex,tumor histological type,vascular embolus,degree of tumor invasion,tumor pathological N staging,number of lymph node dissected,metastatic lymph node ratio,tumor pathological TNM staging were related factors affecting prognosis of radical gastrectomy for stage Ⅲ gasteric cancer (hazard ratio =0.817,1.486,1.268,2.173,1.957,1.737,3.357,2.169,95% confidence interval:0.686-0.973,1.059-2.086,1.074-1.497,1.195-3.954,1.480-2.588,1.390-2.170,2.476-4.602,1.740-2.704,P<0.05).Results of multivariate analysis showed that sex,tumor histological type,tumor pathological N staging,number of lymph node dissected,metastatic lymph node ratio,tumor pathological TNM staging were independent factors affecting prognosis of radical gastrectomy for stage Ⅲ gastric cancer (hazard ratio =0.805,1.476,0.237,1.475,3.811,3.600,95% confidence interval:0.673-0.963,1.049-2.087,0.083-0.678,1.140-1.909,2.259-6.428,1.317-9.839,P<0.05).(4) Stratified analysis:of the 995 patients,the postoperative l-,3-,5-year overall survival rates were 93.7%,69.6%,60.5% in the patients with metastatic lymph node ratio ≤ 0.1,86.9%,60.6%,44.3% in the patients with 0.1 < metastatic lymph node ratio ≤0.4 and 64.3%,28.9%,21.0% in the patients with metastatic lymph node ratio > 0.4,showing a statistically significant difference (x2 =121.300,P<0.05).There were statistically significant differences between patients with metastatic lymph node ratio ≤0.1 and patients with 0.1< metastatic lymph node ratio ≤0.4,between patients with metastatic lymph node ratio ≤0.1 and patients with metastatic lymph node ratio >0.4 (x2=7.580,65.320,P<0.05).There was a statistically significant difference between patients with 0.1 < metastatic lymph node ratio ≤0.4 and patients with metastatic lymph node ratio>0.4 (x2 =80.806,P<0.05).① Stratified analysis of tumor pathological N staging:the average metastatic lymph node ratio was 0.09 in the 132 stage N1 patients,who were divided into the patients with metastatic lymph node ratio ≤ 0.1 and > 0.1.The postoperative 1-,3-,5-year overall survival rates were 92.2%,68.6%,59.1% in the 108 patients with metastatic lymph node ratio ≤ 0.1 and 79.2%,32.8%,21.9% in the 24 patients with metastatic lymph node ratio >0.1,respectively,showing a statistically significant difference (x2 =14.499,P<0.05).The average metastatic lymph node ratio was 0.23 in the 265 stage N2 patients,who were divided into the patients with metastatic lymph node ratio ≤0.2 and >0.2.The postoperative 1-,3-,5-year overall survival rates were 92.3%,73.8%,61.0% in the 138 patients with metastatic lymph node ratio ≤0.2 and 76.5%,40.1%,22.2% in the 127 patients with metastatic lymph node ratio >0.2,respectively,showing a statistically significant difference (x2 =42.536,P<0.05).The average metastatic lymph node ratio was 0.56 in the 598 stage N3 patients,who were divided into the patients with metastatic lymph node ratio ≤0.4 and >0.4.The postoperative 1-,3-,5-year overall survival rates were 88.5%,62.8%,47.0% in the 194 patients with metastatic lymph node ratio ≤ 0.4 and 64.3%,29.8%,21.0% in the 404 patients with metastatic lymph node ratio >0.4,respectively,showing a statistically significant difference (x2 =51.860,P< 0.05).② Stratified analysis of number of lymph node dissected:7 of 117 patients with the number of lymph node dissected < 15 had metastatic lymph node ratio ≤0.1,who were divided into patients with metastatic lymph node ratio ≤0.4 and >0.4.The postoperative 1-,3-,5-year overall survival rates were 78.2%,40.0%,28.6% in the 44 patients with metastatic lymph node ratio ≤0.4 and 78.1%,18.7%,12.9% in the 73 patients with metastatic lymph node ratio>0.4,respectively,showing a statistically significant difference (x2 =4.727,P<0.05).③ Stratified analysis of tumor pathological TNM staging:of 262 patients with stage Ⅲa gastric cancer,the postoperative 1-,3-,5-year overall survival rates were 88.5%,65.0%,54.3% in the 230 patients with metastatic lymph node ratio ≤0.4 and 77.5%,35.4%,29.5% in the 32 patients with metastatic lymph node ratio >0.4,respectively,showing a statistically significant difference (x2 =6.132,P<0.05).Of 296 patients with stage Ⅲb gastric cancer,the postoperative 1-,3-,5-year overall survival rates were 84.4%,60.7%,42.7% in the 200 patients with metastatic lymph node ratio ≤ 0.4 and 59.9%,26.8%,21.7% in the 96 patients with metastatic lymph node ratio >0.4,respectively,showing a statistically significant difference (x2 =23.699,P<0.05).Of 437 patients with stage Ⅲ c gastric cancer,the postoperative 1-,3-,5-year overall survival rates were 84.7%,59.9%,38.7% in the 133 patients with metastatic lymph node ratio ≤0.4 and 64.0%,27.9%,18.3% in the 304 patients with metastatic lymph node ratio >0.4,respectively,showing a statistically significant difference (x2=36.215,P< 0.05).(5) ROC curve:ROC curves of postoperative overall survival rates in patients with stage Ⅲ gastric cancer were drawn using the number of positive lymph nodes and metastatic lymph node ratio,of which AUC were 0.619 (95% confidence interval:O.588-0.649) and 0.706 (95% confidence interval:0.677-0.734),showing a statistically significant difference (Z=8.842,P<0.05).Conclusions Sex,tumor histological type,tumor pathological N staging,number of lymph node dissected,metastatic lymph node ratio,tumor pathological TNM staging are independent factors affecting prognosis of radical gastrectomy for stage Ⅲ gastric cancer.There is different prognosis of patients with different metastatic lymph node ratios in the subgroup of the same tumor pathological TNM staging,number of lymph node dissected,tumor pathological TNM staging.Compared with tumor pathological N staging,metastatic lymph node ratio has a more accurate predictive value for prognosis.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 641-647, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777513

ABSTRACT

The Cd stress of Chrysanthemum indicum was treated by different concentrations of Cd Cl2 solution in the culture substrate. The content of Cd in different parts of Ch. indicum and the content of buddleoside and the total flavonoids in Ch. indicum were determined. The absorption characteristics of Cd elements in Ch. indicum were analyzed. And the influence of Cd elements on the quality of the herbs. The results showed that the application of soil Cd in the range of 0-100 mg·kg~(-1) had no significant effect on the biomass of Ch. indicum,and the root-shoot ratio showed a decreasing-increasing-decreasing trend. The content of Cd in different parts of Ch. indicum was significantly different,and the content of aboveground part was higher than that of underground part. The enrichment factors of Cd elements in different parts of Ch. indicum are different. The enrichment coefficient of aboveground parts is larger than that of underground parts. The whole parts and plants show an increase first and then decrease,and the overall enrichment factor is greater than1. The transfer coefficient of the aerial part/underground part of Ch. indicum showed a decreasing-increasing-decreasing-increasing trend with the increase of the amount of Cd applied in the soil,and the transfer coefficient was higher than 1. The contents of buddleoside and total flavonoids in Ch. indicum after Cd stress treatment were lower than the control,and the overall performance was lower and then increased,but it was still significantly lower than the control,indicating that Cd pollution directly led to the decrease of chemical quality of Ch. indicum.


Subject(s)
Cadmium , Chrysanthemum , Flavonoids , Soil , Soil Pollutants
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 843-857, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774938

ABSTRACT

Chemotherapy outcomes for the treatment of glioma remains unsatisfactory due to the inefficient drug transport across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and insufficient drug accumulation in the tumor region. Although many approaches, including various nanosystems, have been developed to promote the distribution of chemotherapeutics in the brain tumor, the delivery efficiency and the possible damage to the normal brain function still greatly restrict the clinical application of the nanocarriers. Therefore, it is urgent and necessary to discover more safe and effective BBB penetration and glioma-targeting strategies. In the present study, menthol, one of the strongest BBB penetration enhancers screened from traditional Chinese medicine, was conjugated to casein, a natural food protein with brain targeting capability. Then the conjugate self-assembled into the nanoparticles to load anti-cancer drugs. The nanoparticles were characterized to have appropriate size, spheroid shape and high loading drug capacity. Tumor spheroid penetration experiments demonstrated that penetration ability of menthol-modified casein nanoparticles (M-CA-NP) into the tumor were much deeper than that of unmodified nanoparticles. imaging further verified that M-CA-NPs exhibited higher brain tumor distribution than unmodified nanoparticles. The median survival time of glioma-bearing mice treated with HCPT-M-CA-NPs was significantly prolonged than those treated with free HCPT or HCPT-CA-NPs. HE staining of the organs indicated the safety of the nanoparticles. Therefore, the study combined the advantages of traditional Chinese medicine strategy with modern delivery technology for brain targeting, and provide a safe and effective approach for glioma therapy.

11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 551-555, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775868

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the acupoint selection rules of acupuncture for Alzheimer's disease (AD) in modern clinical practice by complex network technology.@*METHODS@#The relevant articles of clinical trials were retrieved from CNKI published before December 2017. Using Microsoft Excel 2010, the database was established. Using Gephi 0.8.2 software, the complex network mode was built and its topological structure was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Finally, 81 articles were eligible and 114 acupoint prescriptions were extracted. The constructed complex network of acupoint prescriptions for AD was characteristics as small world effect and scale-free property, the crucial acupoints included Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Fengchi (GB 20), Yintang (GV 29), Shenmen (HT 7), Shenting (GV 24), Zusanli (ST 36), Fenglong (ST 40) and Taichong (LR 3). In acupoint combination, Baihui (GV 20), Neiguan (PC 6), Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) were the most common, and the combination of the distal and nearby points was predominant. Using k-core for acupoint optimization, 29 core acupoints were screened and they were mostly located on the governor vessel and the head and neck, with the highest use frequency. 82.76% of acupoints were specific acupoints and the influential points were dominant. Using community structure partition, these acupoints were classified into two groups, i.e. deficiency syndrome and excess syndrome.@*CONCLUSION@#The selection of local acupoints is the first choice in acupuncture treatment for AD. The combination of distal and nearby points is the most common and the special points are the core. In clinical practice, the great consideration is provided on mind regulation, integration of disease and symptoms, the mutual treatment of the primary and the secondary as well as the deficiency and the excess.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Alzheimer Disease , Therapeutics , Databases, Factual , Publications
12.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 214-218, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697935

ABSTRACT

Objective The aims of this study were to explore effects of Wogonin on proliferation,apoptosis and the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in human osteosarcoma MG-63 cells. Methods MG-63 cells were treated with different concentrations of Wogo-nin(0,50,100 and 200 μmol/L)for 24,48 and 72 h,MTT assay was used to determine the cell proliferation,and the rates of apoptosis of MG-63 cells were assessed by the flow cytometry;Cell scratch assay was used to detect cell migration and TEM to detect morpho-logical changes of MG-63 cells;Western blot were employed to examine the expression of COX-2,Caspase-3 and P-Akt protein in MG-63 cells. Results Wogonin significantly inhibited proliferation of MG-63 cells in a dose-or time-dependent manner,and this effect was positively correlated with drug concentration and duration of action(P<0. 05). The apoptotic rate of MG-63 cells was positively correlated to the concentrations of Wogonin. Their differences were statistically significant(P<0. 05). Wogonin also signifi-cantly inhibited the migration of MG-63 cells in a dose-dependent manner(P<0. 05). Wogonin significantly down-regulated the levels of COX-2 and p-Akt protein expression and significantly up-regulated the level of caspase-3 protein expression in MG-63 cells when compared to the negative control group(P<0. 05). Conclusion Wogonin can inhibit the proliferation of MG-63 cells and promote apoptosis,which may be related to down-regulation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 246-249, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689820

ABSTRACT

Polylactic acid is synthesized indirectly by the polymerization method, according to the standard GB/T 16886.18-2011, the evaluation parameters and methods about chemical characterization of polylactic acid have been established. By using rigorous and comprehensive comparative analysis, the chemical equivalency of domestic and imported polylactic acid materials has been proved, along with the "Medical Device Biology Evaluation and Review Guide", paving the way of using domestic polylactic acid in implantable medical devices.


Subject(s)
Equipment and Supplies , Lactic Acid , Polyesters , Chemistry , Polymers
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 14-22, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771140

ABSTRACT

Taking inspiration from nature, the biomimetic concept has been integrated into drug delivery systems in cancer therapy. Disguised with cell membranes, the nanoparticles can acquire various functions of natural cells. The cell membrane-coating technology has pushed the limits of common nano-systems (fast elimination in circulation) to more effectively navigate within the body. Moreover, because of the various functional molecules on the surface, cell membrane-based nanoparticles (CMBNPs) are capable of interacting with the complex biological microenvironment of the tumor. Various sources of cell membranes have been explored to camouflage CMBNPs and different tumor-targeting strategies have been developed to enhance the anti-tumor drug delivery therapy. In this review article we highlight the most recent advances in CMBNP-based cancer targeting systems and address the challenges and opportunities in this field.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 64-73, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771136

ABSTRACT

Exploiting cells as vehicles combined with nanoparticles combined with therapy has attracted increasing attention in the world recently. Red blood cells, leukocytes and stem cells have been used for tumor immunotherapy, tissue regeneration and inflammatory disorders, and it is known that neutrophils can accumulate in brain lesions in many brain diseases including depression. -Acetyl Pro-Gly-Pro (PGP) peptide shows high specific binding affinity to neutrophils through the CXCR2 receptor. In this study, PGP was used to modify baicalein-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (PGP-SLNs) to facilitate binding to neutrophils . Brain-targeted delivery to the basolateral amygdala (BLA) was demonstrated by enhanced concentration of baicalein in the BLA. An enhanced anti-depressant effect was observed and The mechanism involved inhibition of apoptosis and a decrease in lactate dehydrogenase release. Behavioral evaluation carried out with rats demonstrated that anti-depression outcomes were achieved. The results indicate that PGP-SLNs decrease immobility time, increase swimming time and climbing time and attenuate locomotion in olfactory-bulbectomized (OB) rats. In conclusion, PGP modification is a strategy for targeting the brain with a cell-nanoparticle delivery system for depression therapy.

16.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 5455-5459, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665408

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Zirconia all-ceramic restorations have been widely used in the repair of various complicated dental or dentition defects. Considering its surface chemical inertness, zirconia bonding is extremely crucial for the clinical practice of zirconia all-ceramic restorations. Currently, there are a variety of clinically selectable bonding materials and surface treatments for dental restorations. OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of different surface treatments and binders on the bonding performance of zirconia. METHODS: Zirconia tiles with different diameters were made and randomly divided into 16 groups (n=30 per group). Super-Bond C & B, polycarboxylic acid zinc binder, Panavia F resin cements and Fuji I of glass ionomer cements were selected. The surface of zirconia was treated by four different methods, including grinding, sand blasting, silane treatment and sand blasting plus silane treatment. Zirconia tiles were bonded by different binders, placed into static distilled at 37 ℃ for 24 hours, and then the shear bond strength was detected using a universal testing machine. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) With the use of the same binder, four surface treatments showed different effects on the bonding strength (P < 0.05), and the strongest bonding strength appeared after sandblasting plus silane treatment on the zirconia surface. (2) With the use of the same surface treatment, different binders showed different effects on the bonding strength (P < 0.05). Super-Bond C & B binder exhibited the best bonding effect, followed by Panavia F resin cements and Fuji I of glass ionomer cements, and polycarboxylic acid zinc binder showed the worst bonding effect. To conclude, these four surface treatments can all enhance the bonding strength to a certain extent, and Super-Bond C & B binder with sandblasting and silane treatment can achieve the highest bonding strength on the zirconia surface.

17.
Journal of Clinical Surgery ; (12): 531-533, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617094

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors and prevention methods of anastomotic fistula after laparoscopic sphincter preserving surgery for low rectal cancer.Methods 166 patients with low rectal cancer were treated with laparoscopic total mesorectal excision(TME),34 cases were treated with prophylactic colostomy.The clinical and pathological factors were collected and the χ2 test was used to analyze the influencing factors of anastomotic leakage.Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the independent risk factors of postoperative anastomotic leakage.Results Anastomotic leakage occurred in 14 cases,incidence rate was 8.43%(14/166).All patients were cured after conservative treatment.Univariate analysis showed that age(>65 years),basic diseases,preoperative albumin(4cm),Dukes stage were the risk factors of anastomotic leakage(P<0.05).Multivariate analysis showed that preoperative albumin,preoperative intestinal obstruction,tumor size were the independent risk factors of anastomotic fistula.Conclusion The incidence of anastomotic leakage in low rectal cancer was higher,should be highly valued.Prophylactic stoma should be used for the independent risk factors,which can effectively reduce the probability of the second operation,reduce the degree of fistula,shorten the healing time of fistula.

18.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 565-568, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613293

ABSTRACT

RNF180 is a novel membrane-bound E3 ubiquitin ligase that participates in cell development,proliferation and apoptosis.It is a tumor suppressor gene that inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis and may inhibit gastric cancer cell lymph node metastasis.The study found that RNF180 gene methylation and gastric cancer is closely related to the occurrence and development.Therefore,RNF180 gene methylation is expected as a tumor marker of gastric cancer for early diagnosis and prognosis of gastric cancer.In this paper,RNF180 on the diagnosis of gastric cancer research progress made a review.

19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1288-1292, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338441

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the features of clinicopathology and prognosis in young gastric cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinicopathological data of 90 young gastric cancer patients (≤40 years old) who received radical gastrectomy in the Department of General Surgery of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from January 2013 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Survival data were obtained by follow-up and the last follow-up time was October 2016. Log-rank test and Cox regression model were used to analyze the risk factors of prognosis and these factors included gender, age, tumor size, degree of differentiation, histological type, Lauren pattern, T stage, N stage, vessel carcinoma embolus, clinical symptom, anemic condition, CA19-9 level, et al.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median age of 90 patients was 35 years old, of whom, 20(22.2%) patients were ≤30 years old and 70(77.8%) patients were between 31 and 40 years old. There were 70(77.8%) female patients, 38(42.2%) patients with anemia, 11(12.8%) patients with elevated CA19-9 level and 9(10.0%) patients with family history of gastrointestinal tumors. The mean time of all the patients from presence of symptom to consultation was 8.2 months. Postoperative pathology revealed 65(72.2%) patients with poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, 6(6.7%) patients with mucinous adenocarcinoma, 9(10%) patients with signet-ring cell carcinoma, and 10(11.1%) patients with papillary-canalicular adencarcinoma. Sixty-nine (76.7%) patients were diagnosed as advanced gastric cancer and 67(74.4%) patients were involved with lymphatic metastasis when they visited our hospital. Univariate analysis showed that gender (P=0.021), tumor size (P=0.001), depth of tumor infiltration (P=0.016), lymphatic metastasis (P=0.000), vessel carcinoma embolus (P=0.001), elevated CA19-9 level (P=0.001), and anemia (0.024) were statistically related with postoperative survival. Multivariate analysis showed that lymphatic metastasis was an independent risk factor of the poor prognosis of young patients (HR:2.774, 95%CI:1.435 to 5.364, P=0.002).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The majority of young gastric cancer cases are female with poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Most patients are diagnosed as advanced gastric cancer with lymphatic metastasis when they visit hospital at the first time. The lymphatic metastasis is an independent risk factor of prognosis in young gastric cancer patients.</p>

20.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 47-52, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303912

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish an evaluation model of peritoneal metastasis in gastric cancer, and to assess its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical and pathologic data of the consecutive cases of gastric cancer admitted between April 2015 and December 2015 in Department of General Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 710 patients were enrolled in the study after 18 patients with other distant metastasis were excluded. The correlations between peritoneal metastasis and different factors were studied through univariate (Pearson's test or Fisher's exact test) and multivariate analyses (Binary Logistic regression). Independent predictable factors for peritoneal metastasis were combined to establish a risk evaluation model (nomogram). The nomogram was created with R software using the 'rms' package. In the nomogram, each factor had different scores, and every patient could have a total score by adding all the scores of each factor. A higher total score represented higher risk of peritoneal metastasis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to compare the sensitivity and specificity of the established nomogram. Delong. Delong. Clarke-Pearson test was used to compare the difference of the area under the curve (AUC). The cut-off value was determined by the AUC, when the ROC curve had the biggest AUC, the model had the best sensitivity and specificity.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 710 patients, 47 patients had peritoneal metastasis (6.6%), including 30 male (30/506, 5.9%) and 17 female (17/204, 8.3%); 31 were ≥ 60 years old (31/429, 7.2%); 38 had tumor ≥ 3 cm(38/461, 8.2%). Lauren classification indicated that 2 patients were intestinal type(2/245, 0.8%), 8 patients were mixed type(8/208, 3.8%), 11 patients were diffuse type(11/142, 7.7%), and others had no associated data. CA19-9 of 13 patients was ≥ 37 kU/L(13/61, 21.3%); CA125 of 11 patients was ≥ 35 kU/L(11/36, 30.6%); CA72-4 of 11 patients was ≥ 10 kU/L(11/39, 28.2%). Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) of 26 patients was ≥ 2.37(26/231, 11.3%). Multivariate analysis showed that Lauren classification (HR=8.95, 95%CI:1.32-60.59, P=0.025), CA125(HR=17.45, 95%CI:5.54-54.89, P=0.001), CA72-4(HR=20.06, 95%CI:5.05-79.68, P=0.001), and NLR (HR=4.16, 95%CI:1.17-14.75, P=0.032) were independent risk factors of peritoneal metastasis in gastric cancer. In the nomogram, the highest score was 241, including diffuse or mixed Lauren classification (54 score), CA125 ≥ 35 kU/L (66 score), CA72-4 ≥ 10 kU/L (100 score), and NLR ≥ 2.37 (21 score), which represented a highest risk of peritoneal metastasis (more than 90%). The AUC of nomogram was 0.912, which was superior than any single variable (AUC of Lauren classification: 0.678; AUC of CA125: 0.720; AUC of CA72-4: 0.792; AUC of NLR: 0.613, all P=0.000). The total score of nomogram increased according to the TNM stage, and was highest in the peritoneal metastasis group (F=49.1, P=0.000). When the cut-off value calculated by ROC analysis was set at 140, the model could best balanced the sensitivity (0.79) and the specificity (0.87). Only 5% of patients had peritoneal metastasis when their nomogram scores were lower than 140, while 58% of patients had peritoneal metastasis when their scores were ≥ 140(χ=69.1, P=0.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The risk evaluation model established with Lauren classification, CA125, CA72-4 and NLR can effectively predict the risk of peritoneal metastasis in gastric cancer, and provide the reference to preoperative staging and choice of therapeutic strategy.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate , Blood , Area Under Curve , CA-125 Antigen , Blood , CA-19-9 Antigen , Blood , Leukocyte Count , Logistic Models , Lymphocytes , Pathology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Diagnosis , Neutrophils , Pathology , Nomograms , Peritoneal Neoplasms , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Methods , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Stomach Neoplasms , Blood , Classification , Diagnosis , Pathology
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