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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878924

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of berberine hydrochloride on the cell wall integrity of Candida albicans hypha. The minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC) of berberine hydrochloride against clinical and standard C. albicans strains was detected by micro liquid-based dilution method; the effect of berberine hydrochloride on the colony formation of C. albicans SC5314 was investigated by spot assay; the effect of berberine hydrochloride on the metabolism of C. albicans SC5314 hypha was checked by XTT reduction assay, and the viability of C. albicans SC5314 hypha was tested by fluorescent staining assay. The effect of berberine hydrochloride on the morphology of C. albicans SC5314 hypha was examined by scanning electron microscope. The changes in the cell wall of C. albicans SC5314 hypha after berberine hydrochloride treatment were detected by transmission electron microscopy. The effect of berberine hydrochloride on β-glucan from C. albicans SC5314 was detected by flow cytometry. The effect of berberine hydrochloride on hypha-specific gene ECE1 and β-glucan synthase genes FKS1 and FKS2 in C. albicans was examined by qRT-PCR. The results showed that berberine hydrochloride showed a strong inhibitory effect on both clinical and standard strains of C. albicans, and the MIC was 64-128 μg·mL~(-1). Spot assay, XTT redunction assay and fluorescent staining assay showed that with the increase of berberine hydrochloride concentration, the viability of C. albicans SC5314 gradually decreased. The transmission electron microscopy scanning assay showed that this compound could cause cell wall damage of C. albicans. The flow cytometry analysis showed the exposure degree of C. albicans β-glucan. The qRT-PCR further showed that berberine hydrochloride could significantly down-regulate hypha-specific gene ECE1 and β-glucan synthase-related gene FKS1 and FKS2. In conclusion, this compound can down-regulate C. albicans and β-glucan synthase-related gene expressions, so as to destroy the cell wall structure of C. albicans, expose β-glucan and damage the integrity of the wall.


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Berberine/pharmacology , Candida albicans/genetics , Cell Wall , Hyphae , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882943

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe the current status quo of humanistic care quality of psychiatric nurses in China, analyze its influence factors, and explore the relationship between humanistic care quality, professional values and sense of organizational support of psychiatric nurses.Methods:Using multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method selected, totally 5 003 nurses from 43 the psychiatric hospitals or psychiatric department in general hispitals were investigated with general information questionnaire, Nursing Caring Characters Assessment Tool, Perceived Organizational Support Scale (POS) and Nurses Professional Values Scale-Revised (NPVS-R) from May to August, 2018.Results:In 5 003 psychiatric nurses, the total score of Nursing Caring Characters Assessment Tool was 4.21 ± 0.63. The humanistic care knowledge dimension and humanistic care ability dimension were better (4.27±0.65, 4.21 ± 0.63), while the humanistic care concept dimension and humanistic care perception dimension were weaker(4.16±0.66, 4.17±0.66). The results of structural equation model showed that personal background, care environment, sense of organizational support and professional values had influence on the humanistic care quality of psychiatric nurses, and the standardized total effect values were 0.047, 0.106, 0.508 and 0.512 respectively.Conclusions:The overall level of humanistic care quality of psychiatric nurses is good, but there is still room for further improvement, especially the concept and perception of humanistic care. in order to meet the growing needs of the public for nursing services and the needs of nursing professional development and discipline development, caring for the environment, personal background, sence of organizational support and professional values are important factors affecting the quality of humanistic care of psychiatric nurses.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827996

ABSTRACT

To observe the efficacy of cinnamaldehyde on dextran sulfate sodium(DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis(UC) with Can-dida albicans(Ca) colonization and its effect on dectin-1/TLRs/NF-κB signaling pathway in mice. C57 BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal group, DSS group, DSS+Ca group, cinnamaldehyde group and mesalazine group. Mice in DSS+Ca group were given Ca(1×10~8 CFU per mouse) through intragastrical administration for 4 consecutive days and then distilled water with 3.0% DSS for 7 consecutive days. In cinnamaldehyde group and mesalazine group, in addition to the induction method of the DSS+Ca group, mice were given 75 mg·kg~(-1) cinnamaldehyde and 200 mg·kg~(-1) mesalazine accompanied with 3.0% DSS for 7 consecutive days, respectively. Mice in normal group and DSS group were correspondingly administered with distilled water. The general conditions of the mice were observed daily, the diseased activity index(DAI) score was calculated, and fungal loads of feces were detected by plate method. The mice were sacrificed on day 12, colon length was measured, colon mucosa damage index(CMDI) score was calculated, and histopathological analysis was carried out by HE staining. Anti-saccharomces cerevisiae antibody(ASCA) and β-1,3-glucan in serum, and TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 in serum and colon tissue were detected by ELISA. The contents of β-1,3-glucan and macrophage infiltration in colon tissues were examined by immunofluorescence staining. The protein expressions of dectin-1, TLR2, TLR4 and NF-κB were detected by Western blot and immunohistochemistry staining. The results showed that cinnamaldehyde could significantly improve the general conditions of UC mice with Ca colonization, decrease DAI and histopathological scores, reduce intestinal mucosal congestion, erosion and colon shortening, decrease Ca load in mouse feces and tissues, down-regulate the contents of ASCA and β-1,3-glucan in serum, reduce the contents of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and increase IL-10 in serum and colon tissues, inhibit macrophages infiltration and down-regulate the protein expression of dectin-1, TLR2, TLR4 and NF-κB in colon tissue. These results suggested that cinnamaldehyde had a therapeutic effect on UC mice with Ca colonization, which might be related to the inhibition of Ca proliferation, the regulation of dectin-1/TLRs/NF-κB signaling pathways and the coordination of the balance between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory factors.


Subject(s)
Acrolein , Animals , Candida albicans , Colitis, Ulcerative , Colon , Dextran Sulfate , Disease Models, Animal , Lectins, C-Type , Mice , NF-kappa B , Signal Transduction
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864831

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of violence and aggression suffered by nurses in psychiatric hospitals in beijing-tianjin-hebei region and explore the development trend of violence assessment.Methods:A total of 539 psychiatric nurses from three top grade psychiatric hospitals (Beijing Huilongguan Hospital, Tianjin Anding Hospital, Mental Health Center of Hebei Province) in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region were surveyed by a general data questionnaire, Workplace Violence Frequency Measurement Scale (WVS), Violence Cognition Qquestionnaire, Knowledge and Needs on Violence Risk Management Questionnaire.Results:A high level of workplace violence (6.21±2.94) was found with nurses in different wards ( χ2 value was 32.149, P<0.05), being in different wards (χ 2 value was 32.149, P<0.05), whether participating psychiatric training ( χ2 value was 11.588, P<0.05) and whether working on different schedule ( χ2 value was 21.017, P<0.05), suffered from distinct level of workplace violence. Participants believed that the change in the patients′ condition (68.6%, 370/539) and symptom fluctuation (65.9%, 355/539) were the main factor of violence from patients′ aspect. While a lack of assessment (57.9%, 312/539) and poor communication among nurses (56.8%, 306/539) was cited as the main causes of violence from nurse′s point. Conclusion:The management and control of patients′ violence should be improved through staff training program, introduction and employment of validated assessment tools, the construction of violent prevention and control system. Only through the joint efforts above could we reduce the occurrence of psychiatry violence injuries and ensure a safety practice environment for the maintenance and improvement of nurses′ health in mental health department.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864518

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of positive psychology theory on recovering patients with alcohol dependence.Methods:According to the order of admission, 60 patients with alcohol dependence in convalescence were divided into intervention group and control group, 30 cases each. The control group received only routine treatment for alcohol dependence. In addition to conventional treatment, the intervention group also underwent positive psychological treatment for 5 weeks to evaluate the changes in social support, negative automatic thinking, psychological craving, attention bias and other aspects at pre-baseline, week 1, week 3, and week 5 of treatment.Results:The positive psychology therapy had a good effect on the social support of alcohol-dependent patients. Except for the difference in the degree of support utilization in the intervention group ( P>0.05), the difference in other indicators was statistically significant ( F values were 1.653 - 6.571, P <0.01), while the difference in the subjective support score in the control group was statistically significant ( F value was 5.445, P<0.01). The time factors of repeated measurement anova showed that the total score of social support, objective support, subjective support, utilization of support, total score of automatic thinking and visual desire score were significantly different with the increase of treatment times ( F values were 3.324 - 17.153, P<0.01 or 0.05). The interaction between the total score of social support, subjective support, visual desire and intervention measures was significant ( F values were 9.331 - 17.578, P<0.01). The intergroup factors showed that the intervention measures had positive effects on the total score of social support, objective support, total score of automatic thinking and visual desire between the two groups, with statistically significant differences ( F values were 3.865-12.061, P<0.01 or 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the intervention group and the control group in response time of cue words, negative word response time and neutral word response time before intervention ( P> 0.05), and the response time of cue words in the intervention group was lower than that in the control group after intervention ( t value was -3.148, P<0.01). Before intervention in the intervention group and control group in the cue word correctly, negative word correctly, neutral accuracy differences of no statistical significance ( P > 0.05), after intervention intervention group negative word accuracy was higher than the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( t value was 2.298, P<0.05), and after the intervention intervention group neutral accuracy is higher than the control group, difference was statistically significant ( t value was 2.010, P<0.05). Conclusions:Positive psychological therapy can enhance the social support of alcohol-dependent patients, reduce the automatic thinking of patients, reduce the craving, and change the attention bias of alcohol-dependent patients, providing a basis for clinical research.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743639

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of comprehensive defecation management on female inpatients with mental illness. Methods By setting up an integrated defecation management team, formulating defecation management system and process, organizing knowledge training on defecation management, nurses used Constipation Assessment Scale(CAS) and Bristol Stool Form Scale(BSFS) to evaluate defecation to screen key patients, then implement standardized defecation management to the patients. Results Patients'satisfaction with comprehensive defecation management was 97.14%(34/35). The risk assessment rate of constipation was 100%, 35 cases with high risk of constipation and 13 cases with high risk of intestinal obstruction were jointly managed by nurses, family members of the patients and doctors. Patients' defecation disorder was improved. Conclusions Comprehensive defecation management improves defecation disorder, reduces the incidence of constipation and intestinal obstruction, improves patient'satisfaction, strengthens the role of nurses in defecation management, and promotes professional development of nursing.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817793

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】ThisstudyaimstoinvestigatewhetherrutecarpinehasaneffectoncalcificationofVSMCand itsunderlyingmechanism.【Methods】InvitromodelofratVSMCcalcificationwasusedinthisstudy.Rutecarpineat differentconcentrationswasusedtotreatculturedratVSMC.Theexpressionof Runx2,BMP2 and Osterix wasanalyzed byqRT-PCRandmineraldepositionwasdetectedbyalizarinredstaining.Inaddition,weexaminedtheeffectofrutecar⁃ pineonSirtuin-1(Sirt1)expressioninVSMCandtheeffectofSirt1inhibitoronVSMCcalcification.【Results】Alizarinred stainingandcalciumcontentassayshowedthatrutecarpineatdifferentconcentrationssignificantlyreducedcalcificationof ratVSMCinducedbyhighphosphorusandhighcalcium(136±10,75±6,52±6,31±5.29,P<0.05).Usageofrutecar⁃ pinedecreasedtheactivityofALP,anosteogenicdifferentiationmolecularmarker,anddown-regulatedtheexpressionof Runx2(2.85±0.25,1.75±0.18,1.62±0.13,1.36±0.16,P <0.05),BMP2(3.2±0.32,1.85±0.17,1.65±0.15,1.43± 0.12,P<0.05)andOsterix(2.60±0.27,1.82±0.16,1.55±0.15,1.36±0.17,P<0.05),suggestingthatrutecarpineinhib⁃ ited osteogenic differentiation of VSMC. In addition,high phosphorus and high calcium down-regulated the expres⁃ sionofSirt1inVSMC.qRT-PCRandwesternblotanalysisconfirmedthatrutecarpineup-regulatedtheexpressionof Sirt1atbothmRNA(0.35±0.06,0.75±0.11;0.22±0.08,0.87±0.13,P <0.05)andproteinlevels(0.38±0.09,0.71±0.13,P<0.05).QuantificationofcalciumcontentanalysisshowedinhibitionofSirt1byEX-527blockedtheinhibitory effectofrutecarpineonVSMCcalcification(138±13,36±7,87±8,P<0.05) .【Conclusion】Wedemonstratethatrutecar⁃ pineattenuatesVSMCcalcificationviaup-regulationofSirt1.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1949-1957, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780302

ABSTRACT

Tumor, especially malignant tumor has become one of the major diseases, a serious threat to the health of people around the world. Modern clinical practice shows that the natural active products extracted from traditional Chinese medicine, marine medicine and other natural drugs, such as terpenes, alkaloids, polysaccharides, volatile oils and peptides, can effectively inhibit the growth of tumor cells. In this paper, the active components of natural antitumor products in recent years were summarized and their related mechanism was elucidated, so as to provide theoretical basis for the further development of natural antitumor drugs.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771507

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to investigate the inhibitory effect of extract of Coptidis Rhizoma(ECR) on invasion of Candida albicans hyphae in vitro.XTT reduction method was used to evaluate the metabolic activity of C.albicans.The colony edge growth of C.albicans was observed by solid medium.The growth of C.albicans hyphae was determined on semi-solid medium.The morphology and viability changes of C.albicans hyphae were assessed by scanning electron microscope and fluorescence microscope.qRT-PCR method was used to detect the ALS3 and SSA1 expression of C.albicans invasin genes.The results showed that the metabolic viability by XTT method detected that the activity of C.albicans was gradually decreased under the intervention of 64,128 and 256 mg·L-1 of ECR respectively.128,256 mg·L-1 of ECR significantly inhibited colony folds and wrinkles on solid medium and the hyphal invasion in semi-solid medium.Scanning electron microscopy and fluorescence microscopy showed that 128,256 mg·L-1 of ECR could inhibit the formation of C.albicans hyphae.qRT-PCR results showed that the expression of invasin gene ALS3 and SSA1 was down-regulated,and especially 256 mg·L-1 of ECR could down-regulate the two genes expression by 4.8,1.68 times respectively.This study showed that ECR can affect the invasiveness of C.albicans by inhibiting the growth of hyphae and the expression of invasin.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphatases , Genetics , Candida albicans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Fungal Proteins , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Genetics , Hyphae , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1159-1165, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775748

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the IgG levels of newly diagnosed IgG-type multiple myeloma (MM) patients and analyze the relationship between the IgG levels and clinical efficacy and prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 66 newly diagnosed IgG-type MM patients in our hospital from September 2012 to October 2018 were collected. These 66 patients were divided into group A (IgG≤64 g/L, n=41), and group B (IgG >64 g/L, n=25), then the MM patients in 2 groups were divided into 2 subgroups thalidomide (TM)-treated group (n=35) and bortezomib (BTZ)-treated group (n=25) according to therapeutic regimens. The climical efficacy, PFS and OS time as well as the factors affecting prognosis of patients were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The overall response rate (ORR) and CR+VGPR rate in group A were better than those in group B (P=0.008, P=0.036), the ORR of BTZ-treated group in group B was significantly better than that of TM-treated group (P=0.028), while the ORR of TM-treated group in group A was better than that of TM-treated group in group B (P=0.048), the CR+VGPR rate was better than that of TM-treated group in group B (P<0.05). The number of patients with high risk cytogenetics (HRC) in group B was much more than that in group A (P=0.022). Spearman correlation analysis showed that serum IgG levels negatively correlated with albumin (r=-0.449,P=0.000) and hemoglobin (r=-0.608,P=0.000), and positively correlated with bone marrow plasma cells (r=0.328,P=0.007). Survival analysis showed that the PFS in group A was significantly better than that in group B (P=0.015), and the OS in group A was better than that in group B (P=0.049), but there was no significant difference in PFS and OS between TM group and BTZ group (PFS: P=0.695, OS: P=0.3250). Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that the ≥VGPR and standard-risk cytogenetics were independent prognostic factors for PFS and OS.@*CONCLUSION@#IgG>64g/L in patients with newly diagnosed IgG-type MM is a poor prognostic factor affecting PFS and OS. The higher level of serum IgG at the initial diagnosis, the higher the risk of HRCs, and the worse clinical efficacy and prognosis of patients.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774597

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect of butyl alcohol extract of Baitouweng Decoction( BAEB) on Candida albicans biofilms based on pH signal pathway. The morphology of biofilms of the pH mutants was observed by scanning electron microscope. The biofilm thickness of the pH mutants was measured by CLSM. The biofilm activity of the pH mutants was analyzed by microplate reader.The biofilm damage of the pH mutants was detected by flow cytometry. The expression of pH mutant biofilm-related genes was detected by qRT-PCR. The results showed that the deletion of PHR1 gene resulted in the defect of biofilm,but there were more substrates for PHR1 complementation. BAEB had no significant effect on the two strains. RIM101 gene deletion or complementation did not cause significant structural damage,but after BAEB treatment,the biofilms of both strains were significantly inhibited. For the biofilm thickness,PHR1 deletion or complementation caused the thickness to decrease,after BAEB treatment,the thickness of the two strains did not change significantly. However,RIM101 gene deletion or complementation had little effect on the thickness,and the thickness of the two strains became thinner after adding BAEB. For biofilm activity,PHR1 deletion or complementation and RIM101 deletion resulted in decreased activity,RIM101 complementation did not change significantly; BAEB significantly inhibited biofilm activity of PHR1 deletion,PHR1 complemetation,RIM101 deletion and RIM101 complemetation strains. For the biofilm damage,PHR1 gene deletion or complementation,RIM101 gene deletion or complementation all showed different degrees of damage; after adding BAEB,the damage rate of PHR1 deletion or complementation was not significantly different,but the damage rate of RIM101 deletion or complementation was significantly increased. Except to the up-regulation of HSP90 gene expression,ALS3,SUN41,HWP1,UME6 and PGA10 genes of PHR1 deletion,PHR1 complementation,RIM101 deletion,and RIM101 complementation strains showed a downward expression trend. In a word,this study showed that mutations in PHR1 and RIM101 genes in the pH signaling pathway could enhance the sensitivity of the strains to the antifungal drug BAEB,thus inhibiting the biofilm formation and related genes expression in C. albicans.


Subject(s)
1-Butanol , Biofilms , Candida albicans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Fungal Proteins , Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Signal Transduction
12.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 334-337, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708744

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate Chinese nurses' perception of the nursing work environment and to compare the differences among the eight economic regions in mainland China.Thus,policy-makers and nursing managers can optimize and coordinate resources based on the results of this study.Methods Chinese version of Nursing Working Environment Scale was used in the study.A total of 19,000 nurses from 31 provinces and municipalities in mainland China were investigated.Descriptive analysis,cluster analysis and nuclear density estimation were conducted.Results The average score of the nursing work environment was 4.1 points,which means nurses were somewhat satisfied with their work conditions.Specifically,nurses were most dissatisfied with the basic safeguard dimension (3.4 points),followed by sufficient manpower (3.9 points),career development (4.0) and leadership and management(4.0)dimensions.In addition,the eight economic regions could be divided into three categories(P<0.01)according to the differences of the nursing work environment.The first category included the northeast,northern coastal and middle reaches of the Yellow River economic zone;the second category included eastern coastal economic zone;and the third category included the southern coast,the middle reaches of the Yangtze River,southwest and northwest economic zone.Conclusion The development of the nursing work environment in the vast majority of mainland China is unbalanced and the regional differences are obvious.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692641

ABSTRACT

Objective To verify the performance of LIAISON chemiluminescence immunoassay analyzer in the prenatal screening for TORCH .Methods Reference to the US Institute of Clinical and Laboratory Stand-ards(NCCLS) series of documents and literature and combining with actual work ,we designed the verification program ,and tested and evaluated the LIAISON chemiluminescent immunoassay systems for the measurement precision ,accuracy ,linearity analysis ,clinical reportable range and biological reference intervals of Tox IgG , Tox IgM ,Rub IgG ,Rub IgM ,CMV IgG ,CMV IgM ,HSV IgG ,HSV IgM .We also compared the results with analysis performance provided by manufacturers (Italy LIAISON ) or recognized quality indicators .Results Intra-assay imprecision CV values were between 3 .58% -7 .03% ,which were less than the predetermined range;inter-assay imprecision CV values were between 3 .13% -10 .73% .Linear range validation regression coefficients a values were between 0 .97 -1 .03 and r2 >0 .95 .The linear relationship met the requirements . Both biological reference interval and reportable range meet the requirements .Conclusion The performance of LIAISON chemiluminescence immunoassay detection system satisfied the clinical requirements ,and the meas-urement results had advantages of high sensitivity ,specificity ,stability ,wide detection range ,good accuracy and repeatability ,which was suitable for clinical application .

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712454

ABSTRACT

Rational use of institutional knowledge repository-covered digital resources can increase the citation and dissemination of academic achievements. The strategies for the rational use of copyrighted institutional knowledge repository in academic library were described in aspects of signing sharing agreement, establishing special service team, and monitoring data flow with the studies and practice on the rational use of institutional knowledge repository in Xi’an Jiaotong University as an example. Suggestions were put forward for perfecting the regulations and rules of rational use of institutional knowledge repository, increasing the use of academic achievements and rational use of institutional knowledge repository.

15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 367-370 378, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776590

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of Angelicaesinensis radix (Danggui) decoction on the therapeutic action and the colonic morphology and mucus secretion in XuexuBianmi model mice.@*METHODS@#Sixty Kunming mice, maleandfemaleinhalf, were randomly divided into six groups according to gender and weight (=10):normal control group, XuexuBianmi model group, positive control group, and high-dose, middle-dose and low-dose Danggui groups. Except the normal control group, the mice in the rest groups were orally administrated with diphenoxylate (DPN) and subcutaneously injected with acetylphenyhydrazine (APH) and intraperitoneally injected with cyclophosphamide (CPA) to copy XuexuBianmi model. Fromthe 14th day, the mice in Danggui groups were orally administered with different doses of Danggui decoction (16.67、8.33、4.17 g/kg), the mice in positive control group were orally administered with Changtongshu granule (5 g/kg), the mice in XuexuBianmi model group were administered with normal saline (NS) at the same volume (10 ml/kg), once a day for consecutive 28 days. The general status were observed, the first black defecation time (FBDT), the water content in stool and in colon in mice of all groups were tested. And the colon tissue was stained with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and AB-PAS to observe the changes of colonic morphology and the mucus secretion.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal control group, there appeared the XuexuBianmi syndromes in model group as follows, the defecation time (FBDT) was significantly prolonged, the water contentinstool and in colon were decreased (<0.01), the colonic mucosa and gland were atrophied, mucous membrane layer was thinned (<0.01), mucus secretion was decreased. Compared with the XuexuBianmimodel group, the Xuexu and Bianmi syndromes were improved, the FBDT was significantly shortened (<0.05, <0.01), the water content of colon was increased in the three groups of Danggui decoction (<0.05, <0.01). The water content of the stool was obviouslyincreased in groups of 16.67and 8.33kg.dDanggui decoction (<0.05). The atrophy of colon mucosa and gland was improved, the mucus secretion was increased, and the colon lubrication function was improved in the three groups in different doses of Danggui decoction.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Dangguican improve the mucosal atrophy, and increase the secretion of colonic mucus, then the stool is softened and promoted to discharge.


Subject(s)
Angelica sinensis , Animals , Colon , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mice , Mucus , Plant Roots
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773803

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate anti-inflammatory and immunomodulation effects of different ecotype from Isatidis Radix growing in Gansu province.@*METHODS@#Mice were randomly divided into 6 groups (=11)and used the auricular swelling and paw edema to observe the anti-inflammatory effects of Isatidis Radix; Mice were randomly divided into 7 groups (=11) and through the gasbag synovitis model to observe the anti-inflammatory effects of Isatidis Radix; Mice were randomly divided into 6 groups (=11), the immunosuppressed model were established by injection of cyclophosphamide (CTX) to study the effects of Isatidis Radix on index of thymus, blood routine and cytokines.@*RESULTS@#Gansu different ecotype from Isatidis Radix could reduce the swelling of the mice auricle, paw edema and total protein, leukotriene B(LTB)and malonaldehyde(MDA) in airbag synovitis exudates, and upgrade serum levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD); Degrade the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and upgrade the index of thymus, the number of red and white corpuscles, the level of interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-4 (IL-4) (<0.05, 0.01) of mice immunosuppressed model; Above the research of anti-inflammatory and immunomodulation, there were no significant differences between Isatidis Radix of Gansu different ecotype and tetraploid.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Different ecotype of Isatidis Radix has obvious functions in anti-inflammatory and immunomodulation, but there are no significant differences between Gansu different ecotype and tetraploid.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , China , Cytokines , Allergy and Immunology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Ecotype , Immunomodulation , Isatis , Chemistry , Mice , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Random Allocation
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687358

ABSTRACT

To investigate the mechanism of n-butanol extract of Pulsatilla decoction (BAEB) against murine ulcerative colitis (UC) model induced by DSS combined with Candida albicans (CA) colonization, mice were randomly divided into normal control group, DSS group, DSS+CA group, BAEB high, medium and low dose group, and positive drug Mesalazine group. The general condition of mice was observed, fungal loads of murine intestinal contents were detected by plate method, colonic pathological change of mice was examined by HE staining. ASCA in serum and IL-6, IL-8, IL-1β, HBD-2, HBD-3 in colonic mucosa were detected by ELISA. The results showed that, compared with DSS group, the general condition and ASCA in serum had no obvious change for DSS+CA group, but the fungal loads in intestinal contents, the colonic pathological damage, and the levels of IL-6, IL-8, IL-1β, HBD-2, HBD-3 in colonic mucosa were greater than that of DSS group. High dose of BAEB group and Mesalazine group could improve the colonic pathology, decrease IL-6, IL-8, IL-1β, HBD-2, HBD-3 expression level. In conclusion, BAEB could effectively improve the UC symptoms in mice induced by DSS combined with CA colonization, and inhibit the inflammatory factors such as IL-6, imply that BAEB is of important value for the treatment of intestinal fungal-related colitis.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706997

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a method for content determination of total flavones and polysaccharides in Hedysari Radix in different producing areas in Gansu Province.Methods The contents of total flavones and polysaccharides in Hedysari Radix in different producing areas in Gansu Province were determined by ultraviolet spectroscopy with calycosin-7-glucoside and glucose as reference substance, and the wavelength was set at 260 nm and 484 nm.Results The contents were from 2.82 mg/g to 6.79 mg/g for total flavones and from 106.14 mg/g to 746.40 mg/g for total polysaccharides in Hedysari Radix in different producing areas in Gansu Province. The recoveries of total flavones and total polysaccharides were 97.96% and 102.90%, respectively.Conclusion There was difference in contents of total flavones and polysaccharides of Hedysari Radix in different producing areas in Gansu Province, and the method of using ultraviolet spectroscopy is simple, reproducible, accurate and reliable, which can be preferably used as the method for content determination of total flavones and polysaccharides in Hedysari Radix.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699477

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of fluoxetine on the depression-like behavior and the expression of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1),phosphorylated p38 and p38 in hippocampus of rats with depression,in order to provide clues for the molecular pathological mechanism of depression.Methods Forty Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal group,depression group,normal saline group and fluoxetine group,with ten rats in each group.The rats in the depression group,normal saline group and fluoxetine group were treated with chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) for eight weeks to prepare the depression models.The rats in the normal saline group and fluoxetine group were treated with normal saline and fluoxetine by intragastric administration respectively from the fifth to eighth week,but the rats in the normal group did not give CUMS and any intervention.The behavior changes of rats in the four groups were evaluated at the time points of before modeling,after modeling and postintervention.The hippocampal tissues of rats were taken after the last the last behavioral evaluations.The expression of MKP-1,p-p38 and p38 protein in hippocampus was detected by Western blot;and the ratio of the expression of p-p38 to p38 protein (p-p38/p38) was calculated.Results There was no significant difference in the behavioral indexes of rats among the four groups (P > 0.05).Compared with pre-modeling,the sucrose preference index decreased,the horizontal movement distance and vertical frequency decreased in the open field test,and the inactivity time of rats in forced swimming test increased in the depression group,normal saline group and fluoxetine group,the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in the behavioral indexes of rats among the depression group,normal saline group and fluoxetine group (P > 0.05).Compared with the normal group,the sucrose preference index decreased,the horizontal movement distance and vertical frequency of rats in open field test decreased,and the inactivity time of rats in forced swimming test increased in the depression group,normal saline group and fluoxetine group after modeling,the differences were statistically significant(P <0.05).Compared with the depression group and normal saline group,the sucrose preference index of rats increased,the horizontal movement distance and vertical frequency of rats in open field test increased,and the inactivity time of rats in forced swimming test shortened in fluoxetine group,the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).The expression of MKP-1 in the hippocampus of rats in the depression group and the normal saline group was significantly higher than that in the normal group (P < 0.05).The expression of MKP-1 in the hippocampus of rats in the fluoxetine group was significantly lower than that in the depression group and normal saline group (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in the expression of MKP-1 in the hippocampus of rats between the depression group and the normal saline group (P > 0.05).There was no significant difference in the expression of MKP-1 in the hippocampus of rats between the fluoxetine group and normal group(P > 0.05).There was no significant difference in the expression of p-p38 and p38 protein and p-p38/p38 in the hippocampus of rats among the four groups (P > 0.05).Conclusions MKP-1 may be associated with the pathogenesis of depression,and p38 may not be the signaling pathway for MKP-1 to take part in the pathogenesis of depression.Fluoxetine may play a role in the treatment of depression by down-regulating MKP-1 expression.MKP-1 may play a key role in the pathogenesis of depression.Fluoxetine may play a role in the treatment of depression by down-regulating.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665206

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effects of electro-acupuncture in surface projection zone of the pyramid decussation in treatment of migraine. Methods Totally 120 patients with migraine who met the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into four groups as projection zone group, ordinary acupuncture group, western medicine group and non-acupoint group, with 30 cases in each group. Projection zone group was treated with electro-acupuncture in pyramidal cross area (from Yuzhen to Tianzhu); Ordinary acupuncture group was treated with routine point locating according to acupuncture therapeutics; Non-acupoint group was treated with 2 inch acupoints opened beside projection zone, and 3 groups were treated with electro-acupuncture (8–20 mA, 2/100 Hz) for 30 min. Western medicine group was treated with diclofenac sodium enteric-coated table. The treatment course was 10 day. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score, TCM syndrome score, self-rating anxiety scale score (SAS) and self-rating depression scale score (SDS) were evaluated before and after treatment. The therapeutic effects of the four groups were compared and analyzed. Results The total effective rate of projection zone group was 93.33%, which was obviously better than the ordinary acupuncture group (86.67%), western medicine group (70.00%) and non-acupoint group (63.33%), with statistical significance (χ2=24.440, P=0.004). Compared with before treatment, the VAS score and TCM syndrome scores in the four groups after treatment decreased significantly (P<0.05). The VAS score in the projection zone group after treatment was significantly lower than the other three groups, and the TCM syndrome scores were significantly lower than the western medicine group and non-acupoint group (P<0.05). Compared with before treatment, the SDS score in the non-acupoint group and SAS and SDS scores in the other three groups decreased significantly, with statistical significance (P<0.05). SAS and SDS scores in projection zone group after treatment was significantly lower than the other three groups (P<0.05). Conclusion The method of electro-acupuncture in surface projection zone of the pyramid decussation has obviously clinical effects, and can reduce the occurrence of bad mood.

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