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1.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 410-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989650

ABSTRACT

Objective:The purpose of this study was to explore the therapeutic effect of modified Xiaoke prescription on patients with Yin deficiency and heat excessive type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and its influence on TCM syndrome scores, pancreatic islet function and oxidative stress.Methods:Randomized controlled trial. Eighty patients with Yin deficiency and heat excessive T2DM treated in the hospital between January and July 2021 were selected, and divided into observation group (41 cases) and control group (39 cases) by random number table method. Patients in the control group were treated with conventional western medicine, and patients in the observation group were treated with modified Xiaoke Prescription on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated for 1 month. TCM syndrome scores were performed before and after treatment. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and 2 hPG were measured by glucose oxidase method. Serum HbA1c, malondialdehyde (MDA), 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels and SOD activity were measured by ELISA. The levels of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC) were detected by colorimetry.Results:The total effective rate of the observation group was 92.68% (38/41), and that of the control group was 76.92% (30/39). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=3.89, P=0.048). After treatment, the scores of tiredness and fatigue, thirst and appetite, overeating and hunger, redness of tongue and lack of saliva and total scores in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t=4.46, 16.89, 13.37, 8.58, 8.38, P<0.01). After treatment, the levels of serum FPG [(7.31±0.90) mmol/L vs. (8.72±1.50) mmol/L, t=5.13], 2 hPG [(9.64±2.05) mmol/L vs. (12.85±1.20) mmol/L, t=8.49], HbA1c [(7.64±0.58)% vs. (8.11±1.35)%, t=2.04] in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05); MDA [(3.96±1.00) mmol/L vs. (5.04±0.73) mmol/L, t=5.49], 8-OHdG [(203.41±30.70) ng/L vs. (234.50±59.00) ng/L, t=2.98] levels were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05); The activity of serum SOD [(48.64±5.05) mU/L vs. (41.75±3.58) mU/L, t=7.01] was significantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.01); The serum LDL-C [(2.01±0.11) mmol/L vs. (2.56±0.25) mmol/L, t=12.84], TC [(4.75±0.20) mmol/L vs. (5.12±0.07) mmol/L, t=10.93] levels were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.01); The serum HDL-C [(1.62±0.18) mmol/L vs. (1.24±0.42) mmol/L, t=5.31] level was significantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.01). Conclusion:The modified Xiaoke Prescription can improve clinical symptoms, curative effect and pancreatic function, and relieve oxidative stress on the patients with T2DM.

2.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 584-590, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985448

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that poses a serious threat to human health. About a quarter of the world's population were infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis in 2020, and the majority of them were latently infected. Approximately 5%-10% of the population with latent tuberculosis infection may progress to active TB disease. Identifying latent TB infection from active TB by biomarkers and screening people with latent TB infection at high risk of progression for preventive treatment by biomarkers that can reliably predict the progression is one of the most effective strategies to control TB. This article reviews the progress of research on transcriptional and immunological biomarkers for identifying TB infection and predicting the progression from latent infection to active TB, with the aim of providing new ideas for tuberculosis control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Latent Tuberculosis/diagnosis , Tuberculosis/diagnosis , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genetics , Biomarkers
3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 263-268, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970916

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correlation between the mutational status of immunoglobulin heavy chain variable (IGHV) gene with the prognosis of patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM).@*METHODS@#Immunoglobulin heavy chain gene (IGH) clonotypic sequence analysis was carried out to assess the mutational status of IGHV in the blood and/or bone marrow samples from 44 WM patients. The usage characteristics of IGHV-IGHD-IGHJ gene was explored.@*RESULTS@#The most common IGHV subgroup was IGHV3, which was similar to the data from the Institute of Hematology of Chinese Academy of Medical Science. IGHV3-23 (20.45% vs. 15.44%) and IGHV3-74 (11.36% vs. 7.35%) were the main fragments used, which was followed by IGHV4 gene family (15.91% vs. 24.26%). However, no significant correlation was found between the IGHV4 usage and the prognosis of the patients. Should 98% be taken as the cut-off value for the IGHV mutation status, only 5 patients had no IGHV variant, and there was no correlation with the prognosis. Based on the X-tile analysis, 92.6% was re-selected as the cut-off value for the IGHV variant status in such patients. LDH was increased in 26 patients (59.1%) without IGHV variant (P < 0.05), whilst progression-free survival (P < 0.05) and overall survival (P < 0.05) were significantly shorter compared with those with IGHV variants.@*CONCLUSION@#The usage characteristics of IGHV-IGHD-IGHJ in our patients was similar to reported by the Institute of Hematology of Chinese Academy of Medical Science, albeit that no correlation was found between the IGHV4 usage and the prognosis of the patients. Furthermore, 98% may not be appropriate for distinguishing the IGHV variant status in WM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains/genetics , Multigene Family , Mutation , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 366-372, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984631

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of the AML1-ETO (AE) fusion gene on the biological function of U937 leukemia cells by establishing a leukemia cell model that induces AE fusion gene expression. Methods: The doxycycline (Dox) -dependent expression of the AE fusion gene in the U937 cell line (U937-AE) were established using a lentivirus vector system. The Cell Counting Kit 8 methods, including the PI and sidanilide induction, were used to detect cell proliferation, cell cycle-induced differentiation assays, respectively. The effect of the AE fusion gene on the biological function of U937-AE cells was preliminarily explored using transcriptome sequencing and metabonomic sequencing. Results: ①The Dox-dependent Tet-on regulatory system was successfully constructed to regulate the stable AE fusion gene expression in U937-AE cells. ②Cell proliferation slowed down and the cell proliferation rate with AE expression (3.47±0.07) was lower than AE non-expression (3.86 ± 0.05) after inducing the AE fusion gene expression for 24 h (P<0.05). The proportion of cells in the G(0)/G(1) phase in the cell cycle increased, with AE expression [ (63.45±3.10) %) ] was higher than AE non-expression [ (41.36± 9.56) %] (P<0.05). The proportion of cells expressing CD13 and CD14 decreased with the expression of AE. The AE negative group is significantly higher than the AE positive group (P<0.05). ③The enrichment analysis of the transcriptome sequencing gene set revealed significantly enriched quiescence, nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells, interferon-α/γ, and other inflammatory response and immune regulation signals after AE expression. ④Disorder of fatty acid metabolism of U937-AE cells occurred under the influence of AE. The concentration of the medium and short-chain fatty acid acylcarnitine metabolites decreased in cells with AE expressing, propionyl L-carnitine, wherein those with AE expression (0.46±0.13) were lower than those with AE non-expression (1.00±0.27) (P<0.05). The metabolite concentration of some long-chain fatty acid acylcarnitine increased in cells with AE expressing tetradecanoyl carnitine, wherein those with AE expression (1.26±0.01) were higher than those with AE non-expression (1.00±0.05) (P<0.05) . Conclusion: This study successfully established a leukemia cell model that can induce AE expression. The AE expression blocked the cell cycle and inhibited cell differentiation. The gene sets related to the inflammatory reactions was significantly enriched in U937-AE cells that express AE, and fatty acid metabolism was disordered.


Subject(s)
Humans , U937 Cells , RUNX1 Translocation Partner 1 Protein , Leukemia/genetics , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit/genetics , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 489-498, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993117

ABSTRACT

Objective:To obtain the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of DNA double strand breaks (DSB) clusters by tracing the mechanism of radiated DNA damage, and explore the relationship among the biological effectiveness of DNA damage, chromosomal aberrations and germ cell death.Methods:Taking low-energy electrons, protons, and α particles as the research objects, this study simulated the process that cell nuclei were exposed to particle radiation using a radiation-related physicochemical model. On the ground of the DSB density-based spatial clustering of applications with noise (DBSCAN) algorithm, the DSB cluster classification method was improved to weaken the connection between the DSBs and the random distribution assumptions of energy depositions during the simulation. In this manner, the DSB clusters can be much closer to a non-random distribution. Furthermore, this study obtained the yields of DSB clusters and proposed a method to calculate the RBE values of DSB clusters.Results:The calculated RBE value (12.29) of DSB clusters of 2 MeV α particles was similar to the experimental RBE values of chromosomal fragments (15.3±5.9) and cell survival (14.7±5.1).Conclusions:After high-LET ionizing radiation, unlike the single DSB, the RBE of DSB clusters was similar to that of chromosomal aberration and cell survival.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1904-1908, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979945

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide a reference for continuing education and training of clinical pharmacists. METHODS The revision of the syllabus and the improvement of training methods of practical skills training class for clinical pharmacists in the neurology department held by Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University from 2007 to 2022 was sorted to summarize its advantages and characteristics. RESULTS Training programs were developed to benefit clinical pharmacists at different levels, and the training contents were adjusted according to the training programs and the needs of trainees. Teachers with teaching experience were selected to participate in the teaching. Theory teaching was combined with practice teaching in the teaching process, and case teaching and question-based teaching methods were adopted to benefit both senior clinical pharmacists and new clinical pharmacists. In addition, the influence of the training class was expanded through online teaching, so that doctors and pharmacists could communicate and learn together on the platform of the training class. For example, when designing the training program, we replaced one common neurological disease every two years, and carried rollover study on its new progress and new ideas; clinical pharmacist skill course was reduced, drug history writing, information retrieval and test index interpretation were compressed into clinical pharmacy skill course. CONCLUSIONS The continuing education platform is established for clinical pharmacists; new knowledge and concepts that clinical pharmacists of this specialty need to be familiar with are compiled into the teaching syllabus, and the experts who are familiar with the training of clinical pharmacists are selected to explain to the students so that the students could follow the platform to constantly update their knowledge and improve the ability of clinical pharmacists to participate in the clinic work.

7.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 31-34, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979155

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effect of air pollution on daily outpatient visits for diabetes, and to provide reference for the management of outpatients with diabetes. Methods Data on outpatient visits for diabetes in a hospital between July 1, 2018 to July 31, 2022 were collected. The correlation between air quality and daily outpatient visits due to diabetes was analyzed using distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM). Results The results showed that the increase in the concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10 in the air was related to the increase in the daily outpatient visits for diabetes, with a lagging effect. The accumulative effect in high PM2.5 concentration was statistically significant for both males and females, and the number of outpatients reached the maximum value at lag5 for males and at lag6 for females. The accumulative effect was not statistically significant either at low or high concentrations of PM2.5 in the young and middle-aged population. However,it was statistically significant in the elderly population, especially when exposed to high concentration of PM2.5, the daily outpatient visits increased significantly. Conclusion PM2.5, PM10 and other harmful pollutants in the air have an impact on the daily diabetic outpatients and increase their visits.

8.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 52-56, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933952

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore any effect of high-intensity inspiratory muscle resistance training on exercise capacity and life quality for persons with bronchiectasis.Methods:Sixty patients with bronchiectasis were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, each of 30. The observation group received two 30-minute sessions of inspiratory muscle resistance training daily using the PowerBreak inspiratory muscle trainer 3 days/week for 8 weeks. The intensity was 70% of the maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP). The control group underwent the same training with the intensity at 10% of the MIP. The severity of illness, pulmonary function, respiratory muscle strength and endurance, exercise capacity and life quality of the two groups were evaluated before and after the intervention.Results:Compared with before the intervention, the average MIP in the observation group and the average distance they walked in the 6min walk test (6MWT) improved significantly. Their average social factor score on the Leicester cough questionnaire had increased significantly, while their average heart rate and self-perceived exertion during the 6MWT had decreased significantly. There were no significant differences in any of these indicators for the control group.Conclusions:High-intensity inspiratory muscle resistance training can significantly improve the exercise capacity and life quality of patients with bronchiectasis. The treatment is worthy of further research and application in the clinic.

9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 572-576, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931451

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the establishment and effect of short-term training path for prenatal ultrasound diagnosticians in primary hospitals.Methods:A total of 105 trainees from in total 5 batches of the "prenatal ultrasound screening training base" in Chongqing were selected as the research objects, and a combination of multiple teaching methods was used to carry out specialized training for primary prenatal ultrasound screening doctors before and after training. Theoretical examinations and practical operation assessments were performed, and after training, remote image quality control and continuous improvement methods were established for trainees to assess training effectiveness. SPSS 21.0 was used for t test, Wilcoxon test and chi-square test. Results:After training, the results of the theoretical examinations and practical operation examinations of the trainees were higher than those before the training ( P<0.05), and after the completion of the training, the number of trainees who returned to their original units to carry out prenatal ultrasound examination, the average number of prenatal ultrasound examinations per month and the number of referrals to higher prenatal diagnosis centers of each trainee increased significantly ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The establishment of short-term training path for prenatal ultrasound diagnosis can effectively improve the professional theoretical knowledge and practical operation level of prenatal ultrasound doctors in primary hospitals, and greatly solve the problem of technical promotion under the shortage of grassroots hospitals.

10.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 257-262, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930134

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effect of Guanxin Tongmai plaster combined with conventional western medicine in the treatment of phlegm and blood stasis syndrome of coronary heart disease and angina pectoris.Methods:A total of 60 patients in the Department of Cardiology of the Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) from February to August 2020 who met the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into two groups with 30 in each group. Both groups were treated with conventional western medicine. On this basis, Guanxin Tongmai plaster was applied at the acupoints in the treatment group and placebo plaster was applied in the control group. TCM syndrome score was performed before and after treatment, angina score was evaluated from three aspects of angina attack frequency, duration and pain degree, and blood lipid TG, TC, LDL-C and HDL-C were detected by enzyme quantitative method. The blood homocysteine (Hcy) was detected by enzyme circulation method, the ECG and the nitroglycerin reduction rate were recorded, and the safety index was detected according to the ECG changes.Results:In the treatment period, 2 patients in the treatment group fell off, 3 in the control group. A total of 28 patients in the treatment group and 27 in the control group were analyzed. The total effective rate of ECG efficacy in the treatment group was 67.9% (19/28) and the control group was 48.1% (13/27). There was significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=4.46, P=0.040). After treatment, the TCM syndrome score and angina score in the treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 9.12 and 4.45, P values were 0.004 and 0.042, respectively). The reduction rate of nitroglycerin in the treatment group was 82.1% (23/28) and 55.6% (15/27) in the control group. There was significant difference between the two groups ( χ 2=4.72, P=0.030). After treatment, the plasma TG, TC, LDL-C in the treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 4.17, 6.57 and 6.52, P<0.05 or P<0.01), the level of HDL-C was significantly higher than that of the control group ( t=7.07, P=0.010), and the level of plasma Hcy was significantly lower than that in the control group ( t=6.70, P=0.012). There was no significant difference in liver, kidney and coagulation function between the two groups. Conclusion:Guanxin Tongmai plaster combined with conventional western medicine can improve the clinical symptoms of patients with coronary heart disease and angina pectoris, reduce the level of blood lipid and Hcy, and improve the clinical curative effect.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 279-286, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929636

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells targeting CD52 (CD52 CAR-T) and validate the effect of CD52 CAR-T cells on CD52-positive leukemia. Methods: A second-generation CD52-targeting CAR bearing 4-1BB costimulatory domain was ligated into a lentiviral vector through molecular cloning. Lentivirus was prepared and packaged by 293 T cells with a four-plasmid system. Fluorescein was used to label cell surface antigens to evaluate the phenotype of CD52 CAR-T cells after infection. Flow cytometry and ELISA were used to evaluate the specific cytotoxicity of CD52 CAR-T cells to CD52-positive cell lines in vitro. Results: ①A pCDH-CD52scFv-CD8α-4-1BB-CD3ζ-GFP expressing plasmid was successfully constructed and used to transduce T cells expressing a novel CD52-targeting CAR. ②On day 6, CD52-positive T cells were almost killed by CD52-targeted CAR-T post lentivirus transduction [CD52 CAR-T (4.48 ± 4.99) %, vs Vector-T (56.58±19.8) %, P=0.011]. ③T cells transduced with the CAR targeting CD52 showed low levels of apoptosis and could be expanded long-term ex vivo. ④The CD52 CAR could promote T cell differentiation into central and effector memory T cells, whereas the proportion of T cells with a CD45RA(+) effector memory phenotype were reduced. ⑤CD52 CAR-T cells could specifically kill CD52-positive HuT78-19t cells but had no killing effect on CD52-negative MOLT4-19t cells. For CD52 CAR-T cells, the percentage of residual of HuT78-19t cells was (2.66±1.60) % at an the E:T ratio of 1∶1 for 24 h, while (56.66±5.74) % of MOLT4-19t cells survived (P<0.001) . ⑥The results of a degranulation experiment confirmed that HuT78-19t cells significantly activated CD52 CAR-T cells but not MOLT4-19t cells[ (57.34±11.25) % vs (13.06± 4.23) %, P<0.001]. ⑦CD52 CAR-T cells released more cytokines when co-cultured with HuT78-19t cells than that of vector-T cells [IFN-γ: (3706±226) pg/ml, P<0.001; TNF-α: (1732±560) pg/ml, P<0.01]. Conclusions: We successfully prepared CD52 CAR-T cells with anti-leukemia effects, which might provide the foundation for further immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , CD52 Antigen , Cell Line, Tumor , Immunotherapy, Adoptive/methods , Lentivirus/genetics , Leukemia , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 376-382, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929571

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of CD33-targeted bi-specific and tri-specific T-cell engagers on T-cell proliferation and explore their cytotoxicity on leukemia cells. Methods: The CD33-targeted bi-specific T-cell engager (CD33-BiTE) and tri-specific T-cell engager (CD33-TriTE) expression vectors were successfully constructed and expressed through a eukaryotic cell expression system. CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE were purified by affinity chromatography. The effects of CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE on T cells were analyzed through in vitro experiments. Results: ① CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE were successfully constructed and purified and could compete with flow cytometry antibodies for binding to the target cells. ② After 12 days of co-culture with CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE, the number of human T cells were expanded to 33.89±19.46 and 81.56±23.62 folds, respectively. CD33-TriTE induced a stronger proliferation of T cells than CD33-BiTE (P<0.05) . ③ Both CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE induced specific dose-dependent cytotoxicity on CD33(+) leukemia cells. ④ Compared to CD33-TriTE, leukemia cells were prone to express PD-L1 when co-cultured with T cells and CD33-BiTE. CD33-TriTE induced powerful cytotoxicity on leukemia cells with high PD-L1 expression. Conclusion: CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE expression vectors were constructed, and fusion proteins were expressed in eukaryotic cells. Our results support the proliferative and activating effects of BiTE and TriTE on T cells. Compared to that of CD33-BiTE, CD33-TriTE induced a stronger proliferative effect on T cells and a more powerful cytotoxicity on leukemia cells with high PD-L1 expression.


Subject(s)
Humans , B7-H1 Antigen/pharmacology , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/metabolism , Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3/pharmacology , T-Lymphocytes
13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 370-375, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929570

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prognostic significance of interferon regulatory factor 9 (IRF9) expression and identify its role as a potential therapeutic target in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) . Methods: The gene expression profile and survival data applied in the bioinformatic analysis were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas and Beat acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cohorts. A dox-induced lentiviral system was used to induce the expression of PML-RARα (PR) in U937 cells, and the expression level of IRF9 in U937 cells treated with or without ATRA was examined. We then induced the expression of IRF9 in NB4, a promyelocytic leukemia cell line. In vitro studies focused on leukemic phenotypes triggered by IRF9 expression. Results: ①Bioinformatic analysis of the public database demonstrated the lowest expression of IRF9 in APL among all subtypes of AML, with lower expression associated with worse prognosis. ②We successfully established a PR-expression-inducible U937 cell line and found that IRF9 was downregulated by the PR fusion gene in APL, with undetectable expression in NB4 promyelocytic cells. ③An IRF9-inducible NB4 cell line was successfully established. The inducible expression of IRF9 promoted the differentiation of NB4 cells and had a synergistic effect with lower doses of ATRA. In addition, the inducible expression of IRF9 significantly reduced the colony formation capacity of NB4 cells. Conclusion: In this study, we found that the inducible expression of PR downregulates IRF9 and can be reversed by ATRA, suggesting a specific regulatory relationship between IRF9 and the PR fusion gene. The induction of IRF9 expression in NB4 cells can promote cell differentiation as well as reduce the colony forming ability of leukemia cells, implying an anti-leukemia effect for IRF9, which lays a biological foundation for IRF9 as a potential target for the treatment of APL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Differentiation , Interferon-Stimulated Gene Factor 3, gamma Subunit/metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/genetics , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/metabolism , Phenotype , Tretinoin/therapeutic use , U937 Cells
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 229-234, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929562

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to create a type of CAR-T cells that targets LMP1 antigen and study its immunotherapeutic effect on LMP1-positive hematological malignancies. Methods: To generate LMP1 CAR-T cells, a plasmid expressing LMP1 CAR was created using molecular cloning technology, and T cells were infected with LMP1 CAR lentivirus. The effects of LMP1 CAR-T cells on specific cytotoxicity against LMP1-positive tumor cell lines infected with the EB virus had been confirmed. Results: ① LMP1 protein expressing on EB virus-positive lymphoma cells surface was verified. ② The LMP1 CAR-expressing plasmid was created, and LMP1 CAR-T cells were obtained by infecting T cells with a lentivirus packaging system, with an infection efficiency of more than 80% . ③LMP1 CAR-T cells have a 4∶1 effect-to-target ratio in killing LMP1-positive lymphoma cells. The killing effect of LMP1 CAR-T cells on Raji cells was enhanced after 48 h of coculture, but there was no significant killing effect on Ramos, which are LMP1-negative lymphoma cells. ④After coculture with LMP1-positive lymphoma cells at a ratio of 1∶1 for 5 h, the degranulation effect was enhanced. The proportion of CD107a(+) T cells in the LMP1 CAR-T cell treatment group was significantly higher than that in the vector-T cell group [ (13.25±2.94) % vs (1.55±0.05) % , t=3.972, P=0.017]. ⑤After coculture with LMP1-positive lymphoma cells, the proportion of CD69(+) and CD25(+) T cells in the LMP1 CAR-T cell group was significantly higher than that in vector-T cell group [ (7.40±0.41) % vs (3.48±0.47) % , t=6.268, P=0.003; (73.00±4.73) % vs (57.67±2.60) % , t=2.842, P=0.047]. ⑥After coculture with LMP1-positive lymphoma cells, cytokine secretion in the LMP1 CAR-T cell group was higher than that in the vector-T cell group [interferon-gamma: (703±73) ng/L vs (422±87) ng/L, t=2.478, P=0.068; tumor necrosis factor-alpha: (215±35) ng/L vs (125±2) ng/L, t=2.536, P=0.064]. Conclusion: In this study, we found that the LMP1 protein is only found on the surface of the EBV-positive tumor cell. Simultaneously, we created an LMP1 CAR-expressing plasmid and obtained LMP1 CAR-T cells by infecting T cells with a lentivirus packaging system. Furthermore, we demonstrated that LMP1 CAR-T cells could specifically kill LMP1-positive tumor cells in vitro. The degranulation and activation effects of LMP1 CAR-T cells were enhanced after coculture with LMP1-positive tumor cells, indicating a potential clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Lentivirus , Lymphoma/therapy , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/genetics , T-Lymphocytes , Viral Matrix Proteins
15.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 673-678, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958171

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of exercise on the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the blood and skeletal muscles of rats with chronic heart failure (CHF).Methods:Fifty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into a sedentary control group, an exercise control group, a model sedentary group and a model exercise group. CHF was modelled in the rats of the model sedentary and exercise groups, while those of the sedentary and exercise control groups received a sham operation. The exercise groups performed treadmill exercise for 8 weeks (5 times per week). After the 8 weeks the activity of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and ACE2 in the plasma and soleus muscle was determined using the fluorescent substrate method. Angiotensin II (AngII) and Ang (1-7) were detected in plasma and the soleus muscle using liquid chromatography. The expression of Ang II type 1 receptor (AT1R) and Mas receptor (MasR) in skeletal muscles was detected using western blotting.Results:Compared with the sedentary control group, there was significantly increased average ACE activity and lower average ACE2 activity in the model sedentary group. There was a significant decrease in the average plasma Ang II content and ACE activity, and a significant increase in the Ang-(1-7)/Ang II ratio in the model exercise group. Compared with the model sedentary group, the average ACE activity and plasma Ang II content was significantly lower in the model exercise group but the average ACE2 activity was significantly higher. Compared with the sedentary control group, the average Ang II content and AT1R protein expression in the soleus muscles had increased significantly in the model sedentary group, and the average expression of MasR protein in the soleus muscles increased significantly in the model exercise group. However, compared with the model sedentary group, the average content of Ang II and the average expression of AT1R protein in the soleus muscles had decreased significantly in the model exercise group and the average Ang-(1-7)/Ang II ratio had increased significantly.Conclusion:Exercise can induce the conversion of RAS from ACE-Ang II-AT1R to ACE2-Ang-(1-7)-MasR after chronic heart failure, at least in rats. The changes in the components of the RAS in the plasma and skeletal muscle differ.

16.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 509-517, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939770

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect whether Danlou Tablet (DLT) regulates the hypoxia-induced factor (HIF)-1α-angiopoietin-like 4 (Angptl4) mRNA signaling pathway and explore the role of DLT in treating chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH)-induced dyslipidemia and arteriosclerosis.@*METHODS@#The mature adipocytes were obtained from 3T3-L1 cell culturation and allocated into 8 groups including control groups (Groups 1 and 5, 0.1 mL of cell culture grade water); DLT groups (Groups 2 and 6, 0.1 mL of 1,000 µg/mL DLT submicron powder solution); dimethyloxalylglycine (DMOG) groups (Groups 3 and 7, DMOG and 0.1 mL of cell culture grade water); DMOG plus DLT groups (Groups 4 and 8, DMOG and 0.1 mL of 1,000 µg/mL DLT submicron powder solution). Groups 1-4 used mature adipocytes and groups 5-8 used HIF-1 α-siRNA lentivirus-transfected mature adipocytes. After 24-h treatment, real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot were employed to determine the mRNA and protein expression levels of HIF-1 α and Angptl4. In animal experiments, the CIH model in ApoE-/- mice was established. Sixteen mice were complete randomly divided into 4 groups including sham group, CIH model group [intermittent hypoxia and normal saline (2 mL/time) gavage once a day]; Angptl4 Ab group [intermittent hypoxia and Angptl4 antibody (30 mg/kg) intraperitoneally injected every week]; DLT group [intermittent hypoxia and DLT (250 mg/kg) once a day], 4 mice in each group. After 4-week treatment, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the expression levels of serum total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG). Hematoxylin-eosin and CD68 staining were used to observe the morphological properties of arterial plaques.@*RESULTS@#Angptl4 expression was dependent on HIF-1 α, with a reduction in mRNA expression and no response in protein level to DMOG or DLT treatment in relation to siHIF-1 α -transfected cells. DLT inhibited HIF-1 α and Angptl4 mRNA expression (P<0.05 or P<0.01) and reduced HIF-1 α and Angptl4 protein expressions with DMOG in mature adipocytes (all P<0.01), as the effect on HIF-1 α protein also existed in the presence of siHIF-1 α (P<0.01). ApoE-/- mice treated with CIH had increased TG and TC levels (all P<0.01) and atherosclerotic plaque. Angptl4 antibody and DLT both reduce TG and TC levels (all P<0.01), as well as reducing atherosclerotic plaque areas, narrowing arterial wall thickness and alleviating atherosclerotic lesion symptoms to some extent.@*CONCLUSION@#DLT had positive effects in improving dyslipidemia and arteriosclerosis by inhibiting Angptl4 protein level through HIF-1 α-Angptl4 mRNA signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Angiopoietin-Like Protein 4/genetics , Apolipoproteins E , Atherosclerosis/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dyslipidemias/genetics , Hypoxia/metabolism , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Powders , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Signal Transduction , Triglycerides , Water
17.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 208-214, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928952

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy and safety of Zhuang medicine medicated thread moxibustion (ZMTM) on psoriasis vulgaris.@*METHODS@#A multicenter, randomized, parallel controlled clinical trial was designed. A total of 241 outpatients with psoriasis vulgaris were randomly divided into a control group (120 cases) and a treatment group (121 cases) using a central block randomization from June 2015 to May 2018. The control group was treated with Western medicines alone including pidotimod dispersible tablets, vitamin B compound tablets, and compound cod liver oil-zinc oxide ointment. The treatment group was treated with ZMTM every 2 days combined with Western medicines. The two groups received continuous intervention for 30 days. The primary outcome was Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI), and the secondary outcomes included Itch Rating Scale, Dermatology Quality of Life Index (DLQI), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA), as well as PASI response rate. Meanwhile, adverse events were evaluated during the whole clinical trial. Follow-up was carried out 30 days after treatment.@*RESULTS@#There were 5 cases of shedding in this trial. In intention-to-treat analysis, 236 cases were included and each group contained 118 cases. On the 30th and 60th days, PASI scores of patients in each group were significantly lower than that at baseline (P<0.01) and the PASI score reduction of the treatment group was greater than that of the control group (P<0.01). Itch Rating Scale, DLQI, and HAMA scale were decreased in both groups after treatment, and the treatment group showed a better therapeutic effect (P<0.01). The response rates of PASI 50 and 75 were significantly higher than those in the control group [81.4% (96/118), 43.2% (51/118) vs. 41.5% (49/118), 11.0% (13/118), respectively, P<0.05]. During follow-up, the improvements in scores of PASI, Itch Rating Scale, DLQI, and HAMA of the treatment group were significantly greater than those of the control group (P<0.01). The response rates of PASI 50 and 75 in the treatment group were significantly higher than those in the control group, respectively (both P<0.05). No obvious adverse reaction was found in either group.@*CONCLUSION@#ZMTM combined with Western medicines showed a better therapeutic effect in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris without obvious adverse reaction. (Trial Registration No. ChiCTR-IOR-16008159).


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion/adverse effects , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1269-1273, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924083

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To expl ore the clinical significance of folic acid metabolic gene detection in methotrexate (MTX) treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM)pharmacists participated in the treatment process of an AML patient who had neurotoxic side effects such as dizziness ,headache,and vomiting after intrathecal injection of MTX. According to the results of the test of the folic acid metabolic gene MTHFR C677T(rs1801133)(mutant homozygous)and the results of MTX blood concentration monitoring (<0.05 μmol/L),combined with clinical manifestations ,it was recommended to stop MTX ,give intravenous drip of calcium folinate for rescue ,and consider using azacytidine for follow-up treatment. RESULTS The doctor took the advice of TDM pharmacist ,and the above symptoms were significantly relieved after the patient rescued for 2 times and successfully discharged from the hospital. CONCLUSIONS For AML patients who meet the indications and receive intrathecal injection of MTX ,drug metabolism genetics testing and MTX drug concentration monitoring can be performed before medication ,which helps doctors and pharmacists evaluate the feasibility of drug treatment options and reduce medical risks.

19.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 864-870, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988529

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically assess the diagnostic efficacy of circRNA in detecting CRC. Methods Eligible studies were obtained by searching the databases, such as PubMed, EMBASE, CNKI, etc. in line with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Study quality and bias were judged by QUADAS-2 tool. The overall effect size, including pooled diagnostic parameters, was combined based on STATA 12.0 software. The causes of heterogeneity were investigated by conducting the subgroup, sensitivity and meta-regression analyses. Results We included 17 eligible studies which contained 1873 CRC cases and 1573 paired controls. For CRC detection, circRNA expression harbored a pooled sensitivity, specificity and AUC of 0.79 (95%CI: 0.76-0.81), 0.69 (95%CI: 0.64-0.73) and 0.81, respectively. Subgroup analysis showed that serum-derived circRNA testing (AUC=0.89, DOR=16.79) harbored higher diagnostic efficacy than plasma (AUC=0.79, DOR=7.08) and tissue (AUC=0.76, DOR=6.87); oncogenic circRNAs achieved higher diagnostic capacity in detecting CRC than the anti-cancer circRNAs (AUC: 0.81 vs. 0.76; DOR: 8.54 vs. 6.21); however, circRNA testing quantified based on GAPDH showed comparable diagnostic capacity with the overall pooled effect. Conclusion Abnormally-expressed circRNAs have relatively high diagnostic efficacy in diagnosing CRC and may be rated as auxiliary biomarkers for CRC detection.

20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1429-1434, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911033

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the utilization of clinical services provided through hospital-at-home to the elderly in Xuzhou City, and analyze patient satisfaction.Methods:The stratified cluster sampling method was used to select community elderly people aged 60 and above in Xuzhou city to conduct a face-to-face questionnaire survey.Descriptive analysis was used to examine the utilization and evaluation of home-based clinical services for the elderly.Multiple linear regression analysis was used to analyze associated factors for the satisfaction of the elderly in this care setting.Results:A total of 203 elderly people who had received this type of services were investigated.The overall satisfaction of the elderly in Xuzhou City with home-based clinical services was 79.3%(161/203), and the average satisfaction score of the comprehensive evaluation was(4.11±1.03)points.Age( β=-0.011), marital status( β=0.164), informed consent for service( β=0.162), doctors' bed-side services( β=0.146), service fee( β=0.346), and the home hospital bed assembling process( β=0.257)were the influencing factors for satisfaction with family hospital bed services, according to the patients involved in the comprehensive evaluation(all P<0.05). Conclusions:The utilization and evaluation with clinical services by elderly people in the hospital-at-home setting in downtown Xuzhou is relatively good, with relatively high satisfaction.Comprehensive measures should be taken in response to factors related to satisfaction to promote sustainable development of clinical services through hospital-at-home in China.

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