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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2931-2939, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981425

ABSTRACT

The U6 promoter is an important element driving sgRNA transcription in the CRISPR/Cas9 system. Seven PqU6 promo-ter sequences were cloned from the gDNA of Panax quinquefolium, and the transcriptional activation ability of the seven promoters was studied. In this study, seven PqU6 promoter sequences with a length of about 1 300 bp were cloned from the adventitious roots of P. quinquefolium cultivated for 5 weeks. Bioinformatics tools were used to analyze the sequence characteristics of PqU6 promoters, and the fusion expression vectors of GUS gene driven by PqU6-P were constructed. Tobacco leaves were transformed by Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated method for activity detection. The seven PqU6 promoters were truncated from the 5'-end to reach 283, 287, 279, 289, 295, 289, and 283 bp, respectively. The vectors for detection of promoter activity were constructed with GUS as a reported gene and used to transform P. quinquefolium callus and tobacco leaves. The results showed that seven PqU6 promoter sequences(PqU6-1P to PqU6-7P) were cloned from the gDNA of P. quinquefolium, with the length ranged from 1 246 bp to 1 308 bp. Sequence comparison results showed that the seven PqU6 promoter sequences and the AtU6-P promoter all had USE and TATA boxes, which are essential elements affecting the transcriptional activity of the U6 promoter. The results of GUS staining and enzyme activity test showed that all the seven PqU6 promoters had transcriptional activity. The PqU6-7P with a length of 1 269 bp had the highest transcriptional activity, 1.31 times that of the positive control P-35S. When the seven PqU6 promoters were truncated from the 5'-end(PqU6-1PA to PqU6-7PA), their transcriptional activities were different in tobacco leaves and P. quinquefolium callus. The transcriptional activity of PqU6-7PA promoter(283 bp) was 1.59 times that of AtU6-P promoter(292 bp) when the recipient material was P. quinquefolium callus. The findings provide more ideal endogenous U6 promoters for CRISPR/Cas9 technology in ginseng and other medicinal plants.


Subject(s)
Panax/genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Agrobacterium tumefaciens/genetics , Computational Biology , Cloning, Molecular
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1293-1300, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978681

ABSTRACT

A hydrophilic interaction chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method was developed for simultaneous quantification of 35 components in gualoupi injection. The analytes were separated with an ACQUITY XBridge Amide column using 20 mmol·L-1 ammonium formate aqueous solution (pH 3.0) as mobile phase A and 20 mmol·L-1 ammonium formate (pH 3.0)∶acetonitrile (1∶9) as mobile phase B for gradient elution. Mass spectrometry with dynamic multiple reaction monitoring and external standard method were used for quantitative analysis. A total of 35 components were determined in 10 batches of gualoupi injection. The results showed that the 35 compounds had a good linear relationship within their respective concentration ranges with the correlation coefficients (R2 > 0.998 0), the recoveries ranged from 76.6% to 118.5%. The results showed that γ-aminobutyric acid, trigonelline, alanine, threonine, homoserine, citrulline, and leucine were abundant in gualoupi injection, while nicotinamide, methylsuccinic acid, cytosine and choline account for a low percentege. The present study provides an important reference for elucidation of the effective material basis and the improvement of quality standard of gualoupi injection.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1851-1858, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978658

ABSTRACT

The study aims to explore the effects and mechanisms of water extract of Potentilla anserina (PA) on myelosuppression mice induced by cyclophosphamide based on metabonomics. The myelosuppressive mouse model was established by injected with cyclophosphamide and treated with water extract of PA. Thymus and spleen indexes, peripheral hemogram and bone marrow nucleated cells of each group was detected. Bone marrow pathology analysis was performed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. The levels of interleukin 3 (IL-3), interleukin 6 (IL-6), erythropoietin (EPO), granulocyte colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in serum were measured. The changes of biomarkers and related metabolic pathways were analyzed by UPLC-Q-TOF/MS-based metabonomics. Animal experiments were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Southwest Minzu University. The high doses of PA could significantly improve the decrease of white blood cell (WBC), red blood cell (RBC) counts and hemoglobin (HGB) levels of mice induced by cyclophosphamide (P < 0.05), and significantly increase the number of nucleated cells and the area of hematopoietic tissue in femoral bone marrow. The medium and high doses of PA could significantly improve the serum levels of SOD, CAT, MDA, IL-6 and GM-CSF (P < 0.05), and have no significant effect on the expression of IL-3 and EPO (P > 0.05). Serum metabolomics analysis showed that the aqueous extracts of PA could alleviate myrosuppression by regulating the aminoacyl-tRNA, valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis mediated by 13 different metabolites such as valine, leucine, asparagine and hydroxyisohexic acid. PA improve the inhibition of hematopoietic function in myelosuppression mouse, and its mechanisms may be related to anti-oxidation and promoting the expression of hematopoietic-related cytokines and regulating the related metabolic pathways.

4.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 381-387, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981967

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical and bronchoscopic characteristics of tracheobronchial tuberculosis (TBTB) in children and to identify factors influencing residual airway obstruction or stenosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of children with TBTB were retrospectively collected. The children were divided into two groups based on the last bronchoscopic result within one year of follow-up: a group with residual airway obstruction or stenosis (n=34) and a group without residual airway obstruction or stenosis (n=58). A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the factors influencing residual airway obstruction or stenosis in children with TBTB. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to analyze the predictive value of the factors influencing residual airway obstruction or stenosis in children with TBTB.@*RESULTS@#A total of 92 children with TBTB were included, and the main symptoms were cough (90%) and fever (68%). In children under 1 year old, the incidence rates of dyspnea and wheezing were significantly higher than in other age groups (P<0.008). Chest CT findings included mediastinal or hilar lymph node enlargement (90%) and tracheobronchial stenosis or obstruction (61%). The lymphatic fistula type was the main type of TBTB observed bronchoscopically (77%). All children received interventional treatment, and the effective rate was 84%. During one year of follow-up, 34 children had residual airway obstruction or stenosis. The TBTB diagnostic time and the initiation of interventional treatment were significantly delayed in the group with residual airway obstruction or stenosis compared with the group without residual airway obstruction or stenosis (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the TBTB diagnostic time was closely related to residual airway obstruction or stenosis in children (P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that at the cut-off value of 92 days of TBTB diagnostic time, the area under the curve for predicting residual airway obstruction or stenosis in children with TBTB was 0.707, with a sensitivity of 58.8% and a specificity of 75.9%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The clinical manifestations of TBTB are nonspecific, and symptoms are more severe in children under 1 year old. TBTB should be suspected in children with tuberculosis and chest imaging indicating airway involvement. Delayed diagnosis of TBTB is associated with the development of residual airway obstruction or stenosis.


Subject(s)
Infant , Child , Humans , Bronchoscopy/methods , Constriction, Pathologic/complications , Bronchial Diseases/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Tuberculosis/diagnosis , Airway Obstruction/therapy
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4446-4458, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008699

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to explore the therapeutic effect and mechanism of non-polysaccharide fraction of Bletillae Rhizoma in the treatment of gastric ulcer by network pharmacology and animal experiments. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS was employed to chara-cterize the chemical components of non-polysaccharide fraction of Bletillae Rhizoma, and the common targets of Bletillae Rhizoma and gastric ulcer were screened out by network pharmacology. The "drug-component-target-disease" network was constructed. Protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was established by STRING. Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment analyses were performed based on Matescape database to predict the therapeutic effect and mechanism of Bletillae Rhizoma. Finally, the gastric ulcer model was induced in mice by alcohol to verify the therapeutic effect and mechanism of non-polysaccharide fraction of Bletillae Rhizoma on gastric ulcer. Forty-seven chemical components were identified from non-polysaccharide fraction of Bletillae Rhizoma, among which gymnoside Ⅰ, gymnoside Ⅱ, militarine, bletilloside A, and shancigusin I might be the main active components of non-polysaccharide fraction of Bletillae Rhizoma against gastric ulcer. PPI network analysis revealed core targets such as albumin(ALB), serine/threonine kinase 1(AKT1), tumor necrosis factor(TNF), and epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR). The KEGG enrichment analysis showed that non-polysaccharide fraction of Bletillae Rhizoma mainly exerted the therapeutic effect by regulating the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(AKT) signaling pathway, mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) signaling pathway, and Ras signaling pathway. The results of animal experiments showed that non-polysaccharide fraction of Bletillae Rhizoma could significantly improve alcohol-induced ulceration in mice to increase ulcer inhibition rate, decrease the levels of TNF-α, interleukin(IL)-1β, IL-6, vasoactive intestinal peptide(VIP), and thromboxane B2(TXB2), elevated the le-vels of IL-10, prostaglandin E2(PGE2), epidermal growth factor(EGF), and vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF), down-re-gulate the protein levels of PI3K and AKT, and up-regulate the protein levels of p-PI3K and p-AKT. This study indicates that Bletillae Rhizoma may play a role in the treatment of gastric ulcer through multiple components, targets, and pathways and verifies partial prediction results of network pharmacology. The findings of this study provide a scientific and experimental basis for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Stomach Ulcer/drug therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Animal Experimentation , Network Pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Molecular Docking Simulation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology
6.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 494-505, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939914

ABSTRACT

Impaired immunomodulatory capacity and oxidative stress are the key factors limiting the effectiveness of mesenchymal stem cell transplantation therapy. The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of jujuboside A (JuA) on the protective effect and immunomodulatory capacity of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs). Hydrogen peroxide was used to establish an oxidative damage model of hUC-MSCs, while PBMCs isolated from rats were used to evaluate the effect of JuA pre-treatment on the immunomodulatory capacity of hUC-MSCs. Furthermore, Hoechst 33258 staining, lactate dehydrogenase test, measurement of malondialdehyde, Western blot, high-performance liquid chromatography; and flow cytometry were performed. Our results indicated that JuA (25 μmol·L-1) promoted the proliferation of hUC-MSCs, but did not affect the differentiating capability of these cells. JuA pre-treatment inhibited apoptosis, prevented oxidative damage, and up-regulated the protein expression of nuclear factor-erythroid factor 2-related factor 2 and heme oxygenase 1 in hUC-MSCs in which oxidative stress was induced with H2O2. In addition, JuA pre-treatment enhanced the inhibitory effect of hUC-MSCs against abnormally activated PBMCs, which was related to stimulation of the expression and activity of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that JuA pre-treatment can enhance the survival and immunomodulatory ability through pathways related to oxidative stress, providing a new option for the improvement of hUC-MSCs in the clinical setting.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Cell Differentiation , Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Oxidative Stress , Saponins , Umbilical Cord/metabolism
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3621-3625, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964315

ABSTRACT

An analytical method was developed for determination of 7 aminoglycosides antibiotics in bear bile powder by hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The samples were purified by mix-mode weak cation exchange and reversed-phase SPE. Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH Amide column (100 mm × 3.0 mm, 1.7 μm) was used with 0.2% formic acid aqueous solution-0.2% formic acid acetonitrile solution as mobile phases by gradient elution. The aminoglycosides were detected by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry in positive mode with multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. Spectinomycin, streptomycin, amikacin, kanamycin, tobramycin, apramycin and neomycin possessed good linear correlation in the respective concentration ranges, with the correlation coefficients more than 0.99. The mean recoveries at 3 spiked levels were in the range of 61.3%~127.3%, and the RSDs were 0.1%~1.9%. The limits of quantification were 0.2~1.0 mg·kg-1. The method had been applied to the analysis of actual samples.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2644-2649, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887934

ABSTRACT

To study the clinical efficacy and safety of Bushen Huoxue Culuan Formula in treating infertility caused by diminished ovarian reserve(DOR) with kidney deficiency and blood stasis. A total of 100 DOR patients treated at Xiyuan Hospital, Acupuncture Hospital and Clinic of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences from 2017 to 2020 in line with the inclusion criteria were selected and randomly divided into experimental group and control group at the ratio of 1∶1. The experimental group was treated with Bushen Huoxue Culuan Formular, while the control group was treated with Climen and Clomiphene for 3 menstrual cycles. The ovulation rate, pregnancy rate, pregnancy success rate, serum hormone levels, and traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) symptom scores were observed in the 2 groups. The total effective rate was 92.00% in the experimental group and 72.00% in the control group, with a statistical difference between the two groups(P<0.01); the experimental group was superior to the control group in reducing FSH level, increasing AMH level, improving TCM symptoms, increasing pregnancy rate and pregnancy success rate, with a significant difference(P<0.05). There was no abnormal safety indicator and adverse reaction. Bushen Huoxue Culuan Formular is effective in treating infertility caused by DOR due to kidney deficiency and blood stasis, with a safety and reliability.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Infertility, Female/drug therapy , Kidney , Ovarian Reserve , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
9.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 902-906, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942272

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the preoperative pulmonary function in rotator cuff injury patients and the possible influencing factors.@*METHODS@#All the rotator cuff surgery patients who underwent pre-operative pulmonary function examination in Peking University Third Hospital from Jan. 2020 to Jun. 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Their perioperative medical records and main parameters of pulmonary function were collected from database management system, and their gender, age, body mass index (BMI), smoking history, time from injury, visual analogue scale (VAS) and other factors impacting on preoperative pulmonary function were studied.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-nine patients with rotator cuff injury were included, among whom 1 patient was reported to have restrictive ventilation dysfunction and 2 patients to have obstructive ventilation dysfunction. All the three patients denied the history of respiratory diseases, and had no respiratory symptoms. In all enrolled patients, the mean forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)/ forced vital capacity (FVC) was 79.2%±5.9%, and the mean VAS pain score was 3.66±1.26. In addition, the dynamic pulmonary functions (FVC, FEV1) were reduced in more than half of the elderly, and the total lung capacity (TLC) was lower than the estimated value in 2/3 of the elderly. There were significant differences in three main indexes of pulmonary functions between genders, and the percentage of the estimated TLC between normal BMI group (18 kg/m2 < BMI < 24 kg/m2) and overweight/obesity group (BMI≥24 kg/m2) was significantly different. Based on the injury time longer than 1 year or not, the results indicated that FVC and TLC were significantly different between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#In addition to gender and age, time from injury and severity of pain, as well as overweight/obesity, may influence pulmonary function outcomes in the elderly rotator cuff patients. Targeted intervention can be carried out on these factors before surgery. Preoperative lung function test can be used as one of the basic evaluation indexes for respiratory training and rehabilitation of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Lung , Respiratory Function Tests , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery
10.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 865-870, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942266

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the stress distribution characteristics of the graft after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, so as to provide theoretical reference for the surgical plan of ACL reconstruction.@*METHODS@#Based on 3D MRI and CT images, finite element models of the uninjured knee joint and knee joint after ACL reconstruction were established in this study. The uninjured knee model included femur, tibia, fibula, medial collateral ligament, lateral collateral ligament, ACL and posterior cruciate ligament. The ACL reconstruction knee model included femur, tibia, fibula, medial collateral ligament, lateral collateral ligament, ACL graft and posterior cruciate ligament. Linear elastic material properties were used for both the uninjured and ACL reconstruction models. The elastic modulus of bone tissue was set as 17 GPa and Poisson' s ratio was 0.36. The material properties of ligament tissue and graft were set as elastic modulus 390 MPa and Poisson's ratio 0.4. The femur was fixed as the boundary condition, and the tibia anterior tension of 134 N was applied as the loading condition. The stress states of the ACL of the intact joint and the ACL graft after reconstruction were solved and analyzed, including tension, pressure, shear force and von Mises stress.@*RESULTS@#The maximum compressive stress (6.34 MPa), von Mises stress (5.9 MPa) and shear stress (1.83 MPa) of the reconstructed ACL graft were all at the anterior femoral end. It was consistent with the position of maximum compressive stress (8.77 MPa), von Mises stress (8.88 MPa) and shear stress (3.44 MPa) in the ACL of the intact knee joint. The maximum tensile stress of the graft also appeared at the femoral end, but at the posterior side, which was consistent with the position of the maximum tensile stress of ACL of the uninjured knee joint. More-over, the maximum tensile stress of the graft was only 0.88 MPa, which was less than 2.56 MPa of ACL of the uninjured knee joint.@*CONCLUSION@#The maximum compressive stress, von Mises stress and shear stress of the ACL graft are located in the anterior femoral end, and the maximum tensile stress is located in the posterior femoral end, which is consistent with the position of the maximum tensile stress of the ACL of the uninjured knee joint. The anterior part of ACL and the graft bore higher stresses than the posterior part, which is consistent with the biomechanical characteristics of ACL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Biomechanical Phenomena , Femur/surgery , Finite Element Analysis , Knee Joint/surgery , Tibia/surgery
11.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 101-109, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878326

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the association of socioeconomic status with the burden of cataract blindness in terms of year lived with disability (YLD) rates and to determine whether ultraviolet radiation (UVR) levels modify the effect of socioeconomic status on this health burden.@*Methods@#National and subnational age-standardized YLD rates associated with cataract-related blindness were derived from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study 2017. The human development index (HDI) from the Human Development Report was used as a measure of socioeconomic status. Estimated ground-level UVR exposure was obtained from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) dataset of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).@*Results@#Across 185 countries, socioeconomic status was inversely associated with the burden of cataract blindness. Countries with a very high HDI had an 84% lower age-standardized YLD rate [95% confidence interval ( @*Conclusion@#Long-term high-UVR exposure amplifies the association of poor socioeconomic status with the burden of cataract-related blindness. The findings emphasize the need for strengthening UVR exposure protection interventions in developing countries with high-UVR exposure.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Blindness/etiology , Cataract/etiology , Global Burden of Disease/statistics & numerical data , Quality-Adjusted Life Years , Social Class , Socioeconomic Factors , Ultraviolet Rays/adverse effects
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3252-3260, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906843

ABSTRACT

Drug combination can effectively enhance the anti-tumor effect, reduce the drug dose, and improve medication safety. The use of nano-carrier for drug co-delivery can effectively avoid the differences in drug delivery behavior in vivo. Triptolide and celastrol are the main anti-tumor active components of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f. Modern studies have shown that the combination of triptolide and celastrol can significantly enhance the antitumor effect, but they are limited by poor water solubility and low tumor tissue delivery rate. In this study, a biomimetic erythrocyte membrane liposome co-loaded with triptolide and celastrol was prepared to characterize the morphology, particle size, potential, drug release, serum stability, and other properties. The immunogenicity, uptake behavior, and anti-cell proliferation ability of the biomimetic liposome was compared. All the animal experiments were carried out in accordance with protocol evaluated and approved by the Ethics Committee of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Chengdu, China). The results showed that the biomimetic erythrocyte membrane liposome co-loaded with triptolide and celastrol (C+T/RBCm@Lip) in this study had an average particle size of 119.12 ± 2.78 nm and a spherical "core-shell" structure. The zeta potential value was -16.9 ± 1.2 mV, and the drug release behavior in vitro was slow. In addition, the process of coating the cell membrane maintained the characteristics of erythrocyte membrane protein, had good stability in serum, and could effectively avoid the recognition and clearance of macrophages, without causing immunogenicity in vivo. The uptake effect of co-loaded biomimetic liposomes on HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells was enhanced compared with that of uncoated cell membrane liposomes, and the inhibitory effect on proliferation of HepG2 cells was enhanced. In conclusion, the biomimetic liposomes coated with erythrocyte membrane prepared in this study is beneficial to the anti-tumor delivery of triptolide and celastrol, and could enhance the inhibitory effect on the growth of HepG2 liver cancer cells, providing a new idea for the anti-tumor application of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 74-81, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906395

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of curdione on the proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle of triple negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231. Method:MDA-MB-231 cells were cultured<italic> in vitro</italic> with capecitabine (positive control) and curdione at different concentrations (125, 250, 500, 1 000, and 2 000 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>), respectively, for detecting their viability using the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) at 24 and 48 h. Three effective inhibitory concentrations (250, 500, and 1 000 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) against cell proliferation were selected for subsequent experiments. The effect of curdione on cell cycle was determined by flow cytometry combined with propidium iodide (PI) staining. After the set-up of high-concentration (2 000 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) group, the effect of curdione on cell mitochondrial membrane potential was measured by JC-1(5,5,6,6-tetrachloro-1,1,3,3-tetraethylbenzimidazolylcarbocyanine iodide) staining, followed by the detection of cell apoptosis by flow cytometry combined with Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining. The changes in cell cycle status and apoptosis-related protein expression following curdione intervention were assayed by Western blot. Result:Compared with the blank control, curdione at 250, 500, 1 000, and 2 000 μmol·L<sup>-1 </sup>significantly inhibited the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells (<italic>P</italic><0.01), exhibiting a concentration- and time-response relationship. The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC<sub>50</sub>) values at 24 and 48 h were 1 607 and 1 401 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. Curdione at 250, 500, and 1 000 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup> arrested cells in G<sub>1</sub> phase. Curdione at 250 μmol·L<sup>-1 </sup>had no effect on cell mitochondrial membrane potential, which, however, declined significantly in the 500, 1 000, and 2 000 μmol·L<sup>-1 </sup>groups (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Curdione at 250, 500, and 1 000 μmol·L<sup>-1 </sup>obviously increased the proportion of apoptotic cells (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Curdione at each concentration elevated the Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax)/B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) ratio (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), but did not change the cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease-3 (Caspase-3) expression. The protein expression levels of Caspase-9, cleaved Caspase-9, cleaved Caspase-3, p53, and p21 were up-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:A certain concentration of curdione inhibits the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells, which may be related to its efficacy in arresting cell cycle and inducing apoptosis.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1877-1881, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825161

ABSTRACT

A tadalafil analogue was detected during routine screenings from two "fatigue reliever, immunity enhancer" dietary supplements by using UHPLC/Q-TOF HRMS. The MS2 spectrum of this compound was almost identical to that of 2-hydroxypropylnortadalafil. However, the retention time of this analogue was different from that of the 2-hydroxypropylnortadalafil isomers. The analogue was purified by using preparative HPLC and the structure was elucidated by mass spectrometric and NMR spectroscopic experiments. The spectral data suggested that the analogue bore a 3-hydroxypropyl group instead of the N-methyl group in tadalafil. The structure was further confirmed by comparison of the 1H NMR spectra data with those of the reference standard, and thus named as 3-hydroxypropylnortadalafil. The structure is first reported in China.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 113-122, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780558

ABSTRACT

A QuEChERS-ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed for qualitative screening of 169 veterinary drug residues in bear bile powder, including β-agonists and inhibitors, antibiotics (penicillins, β-lactams, sulfomamides, quinolones, chloramphenicals, tetracyclines, nitroimidazoles, macrolides, polyethers, etc.), antiviral drugs, anthelminitics, steroid hormones, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and sedatives. The samples were extracted by Na2EDTA-McIlvaine buffer solution and 5% fomic acid-acetonitrile solution, then purified by dispersive solid phase extraction. Detection of veterinary drug residues by ultra high performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry was conducted and qualitative confirmed by ion ratios. The limits of detection of 169 veterinary drugs were 1-1 000 μg·kg-1. The method is simple and fast, which had been used for the analysis of actual samples, and can be extended to the detection of similar matrix.

16.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 274-291, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785341

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Plasma cells and immunoglobulins (Igs) play a pivotal role in the induction and maintenance of chronic inflammation in nasal polyps. During secondary immune responses, plasma cell survival and Ig production are regulated by the local environment. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the presence of long-lived plasma cells (LLPCs) and specific survival niches for LLPCs in human nasal polyps.METHODS: Nasal mucosal samples were cultured with an air-liquid interface system and the Ig levels in culture supernatants were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The characteristics of LLPCs in nasal polyps were determined by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. The expression of neurotrophins as well as their receptors was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and Western blotting.RESULTS: The numbers of CD138⁺ total plasma cells and BCL2⁺ plasma cells were increased in both eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic nasal polyps compared with those in normal tissues. The production of IgG, IgA, and IgE was detected in culture supernatants even after a 32-day culture of nasal polyps. Although the total numbers of plasma cells were decreased in nasal polyps after culture, the numbers of BCL2⁺ plasma cells remained stable. The expression of nerve growth factor (NGF) as well as tropomyosin receptor kinase (Trk) A, a high-affinity receptor for NGF, was upregulated in both eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic nasal polyps. In addition, BCL2⁺ plasma cell numbers were positively correlated with NGF and TrkA mRNA expression in nasal mucosal tissues. Polyp plasma cells had the expression of TrkA.CONCLUSIONS: Human nasal polyps harbor a population of LLPCs and NGF may be involved in their prolonged survival. LLPCs may be a novel therapeutic target for suppressing the local Ig production in nasal polyps.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blotting, Western , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Eosinophils , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulins , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammation , Mucous Membrane , Nasal Polyps , Nerve Growth Factor , Nerve Growth Factors , Phosphotransferases , Plasma Cells , Plasma , Polyps , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Tropomyosin
17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 519-526, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856996

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the regulatory effect and mechanism of Regulators of G-protein Signaling 6 (RGS6) in Ang H-induced hypertrophy. Methods RGS6 expression was up-and down-regulated respectively by AdRGS6 and AdshRGSó lentivirus. Each group was treated with Ang II /PBS. Cell size and changes of hypertrophic markers(ANP and BNP) were evaluated. Then ROS levels and the total protein and phosphorylated protein of E R K 1 / 2, p38, JNK1/2 in each group were detected. When the altered signaling was clarified, a reversal experiment of hypertrophic cardiomyocytes was conducted to further verify the signaling pathway. The RGS6 up-regulated cardiomyocytes of hypertrophy treated with ROS inhibitor (DPI) were experimental group. Results (Î) After stimulated with Ang II for 48 h, the size of AdRGS6-infected cell increased compared with AdGFP infection group. In addition, the mRNA levels of ANP and BNP also i n - creased. After stimulated with Ang II , the ROS levels and p - J N K l / 2 proteins of AdRGS6-infected cells all increased compared with AdGFP infection group. (2) After stimulated with Ang II for 48 h, the size of A d - shRGS6-infected cell decreased compared with AdshRNA infection group and the mRNA levels of ANP and BNP also decreased. The ROS levels and p - J N K l / 2 proteins of AdshRGS6-infected cell all decreased compared with AdshRNA infection group. (3) In the reversal experiments, compared with AdRGS6 + Ang 1 1 / DMSO group, the size of AdRGS6 + Ang H / D P I cardiomyocytes significantly decreased, and the downstream signaling of p - J N K l / 2 was improved. Conclusions RGS6 may be a key factor to cardiac hypertrophy. RGS6 aggravates Ang II -induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy via activating R 0 S - K N K 1 / 2 signaling pathway.

18.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 184-188, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774104

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prevalence of social anxiety among the fourth-, fifth- and sixth-grade primary school students with myopia in Urumqi, China and the risk factors for social anxiety.@*METHODS@#Stratified cluster random sampling was used to select 552 fourth-, fifth- and sixth-grade primary school students with myopia from four primary schools in Urumqi. A self-designed questionnaire, a social anxiety scale for children and a self-esteem scale were used to investigate the general demographic data and the current status of social anxiety and self-esteem. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for social anxiety in primary school students with myopia.@*RESULTS@#Of the 552 children, 173 (31.3%) were found to have social anxiety. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that a higher grade, female sex, autocratic family, high myopia, low self-esteem and wearing glasses for more than 2 years were risk factors for social anxiety (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a serious problem of social anxiety among the fourth-, fifth- and sixth-grade primary school students with myopia in Urumqi. The development of social anxiety is associated with age, sex, degree of myopia, time of wearing glasses, parental education style and self-esteem level.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Anxiety , China , Myopia , Risk Factors , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires
19.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 206-212, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744333

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen specific mass peaks (SMP) of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), and perform rapid homology analysis on CRKP based on SMP.Methods 76 strains of CRKP with multilocus sequence typing (MLST) were selected from a microbiology laboratory of a hospital, 52 strains were for establishment of method and 24 strains were for validation of method. Five different criteria for selecting SMP of CRKP were set, SMP of different ST-type were screened according to different criteria, CRKP was typed based on screened SMP, criterion with the highest coincidence rate of MLST results was determined as the best criterion. Twenty-four CRKP strains were typed according to the specific peaks screened through best criteria, accuracy of SMP typing method was verified, and was compared with principal component analysis (PCA) and main spectra profile (MSP) cluster analysis in mass spectrometer software.Results According to standard 2 (①signal-to-noise ratio [S/N]≥4, ②S/N ratio≥1.5, ③coefficient of variability [CV≤40%]), 45 SMP were selected from 52 strains of CRKP strains, 29 strains of CRKP were typed by SMP, with the highest coincidence rate (82.8%) with MLST, which was determined as the best criterion. Another 24 CRKP strains were typed according to SMP screened based on this criterion, and the coincidence rate with MLST was 83.3%. The coincidence rate between PCA cluster analysis and MLST was only 66.7%, consistency between MSP clustering analysis and MLST was poor, and it didn't conform to the grouping trend of ST typing.Conclusion MALDI-TOF MS can select SMP of CRKP of different ST, which can be used for rapid homology analysis on CRKP, provide basis for surveillance and control of outbreak of healthcare-associated infection.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 121-126, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802209

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare self-emulsifying carrier system which was suitable for three Chinese medicinal ingredients(baicalein,berberine and allicin),and investigate transdermal absorption effect in vitro of these three self-emulsifying preparations. Method:The optimum formulation and dosage were screened by the saturated solubility method,pseudo-ternary phase diagram method and orthogonal experiment.Transdermal absorption test in vitro was carried out with excised rats skin and Franz diffusion cell.The cumulative penetration amounts of baicalein,berberine and allicin in the identical self-emulsifying system were determined by HPLC and compared with baicalein powder,berberine powder and allicin powder,respectively. Result:The optimum formulation was ethyl oleate-cremophor RH40-polyethylene glycol(PEG)400.The self-emulsifying preparation had a suitable particle size with a relatively regular spherical shape.At 10 h of transdermal absorption,the transdermal rates of baicalein,berberine and allicin in identical self-emulsifying system were 6.898 6,7.600 4,190.040 μg·cm-2·h-1,the cumulative penetration amounts of them were 71.38,85.54,1 795.16 μg·cm-2,respectively. Conclusion:The self-emulsifying carrier system is prepared successfully,which can be used by different kinds of Chinese medicinal ingredients,and the transdermal absorption effect in vitro of these self-emulsifying preparations is good,which can provide experimental basis for the preparation and transdermal absorption of self-emulsifying preparation of Chinese herbal compound.

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