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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879604

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the clinical phenotype and genotype of a Chinese child affected with Mowat-Wilson syndrome (MWS).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the patient were collected. The patient was analyzed by whole-exome sequencing (WES) as well as Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The patient was a male infant with recurrent fever and slow growth. He also had characteristic facies, recurrent spasm, and growth retardation. WES revealed that he has carried a heterozygous nonsense c.2609C>G (p.Ser870X) variant of the ZEB2 gene (30% mosaicism). Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines, the variant was predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PS1+PS2+PM2).@*CONCLUSION@#The c.2609C>G variant of the ZEB2 gene probably underlay the MWS in this child. The mosaicism of the variant may explain his mild symptoms.


Subject(s)
Child , Facies , Hirschsprung Disease/genetics , Humans , Infant , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Male , Microcephaly/genetics , Mutation
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879404

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare accuracy of anterior cervical pedicle screws between assist of rapid prototyping 3D guide plate and free-hand insertion, and evaluate the safety of two methods.@*METHODS@#Eight adult cervical cadaver specimens after formaldehyde immersion, including 4 males and 4 females, aged 32 to 65(40.3±5.6) years old. After X-ray examination to exclude bone damage and deformity, 4 of them (3D guide plate group) randomly selected were for CT scan to obtain DICOM format data, and the data was imported into Mimics software for model, designed the ideal entry point and nail path for anterior cervicaltranspedicular screw (ATPS). After obtaining the personalized guide plate of the nail channel, it was exported as STL data, and the individual guide plate was printed by rapid prototyping and 3D printing technology. In turn, with the assistance of 3D guide plates, one-to-one personalized ATPS screws were placed on the four lower cervical cadaver specimens. Another 4 (free-hand group) lower cervical cadaver specimens were implanted with ATPS screws using free-hand technique. All specimens were performed CT thin-layer scanning and three-dimensional reconstruction after operation. The Tomasino method was used to evaluate the safety of the screws on the CT cross-sectional and sagittal images, to determine whether there was a cortical puncture of the lower and inner edges of the pedicle. According to the CT rating results, gradeⅠandⅡwere safe, and grade Ⅲ- Ⅴ were dangerous.And the accuracy of screws was recorded and analyzed between two groups.@*RESULTS@#Two screws were inserted in each segment from C@*CONCLUSION@#The 3D printing rapid prototyping guide plate assisted insertion of the anterior cervical pedicle screw can significantly improve the accuracy and safety, and provide a theoretical basis for further clinical application.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Printing, Three-Dimensional
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 190-200, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872624

ABSTRACT

Fatigue is a common complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We examined the relationship between T2DM fatigue and the skeletal muscle 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) system. In animal experiments, a T2DM model was established in mice by feeding a high-fat diet with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. The mice were treated with the 5-HT2A receptor antagonist sarpogrelate hydrochloride (SH) and the 5-HT synthesis inhibitor carbidopa (CDP) (separately and in combination). In cell culture experiments, C2C12 cells were stimulated with D-glucose, palmitic acid or 5-HT. 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthesis and 5-HT degradation were inhibited by SH, CDP, or monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) inhibitor. The animal experiments were in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of China Pharmaceutical University. The results showed that 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthase and MAO-A were expressed in mouse skeletal muscle and C2C12 cells. The expression of these proteins was significantly up-regulated in T2DM mice or when C2C12 cells were exposed to palmitic acid and D-glucose; palmitic acid was a stronger stimulant of their expression than D-glucose. Rotating rod experiments and biochemical index tests have shown that T2DM fatigue is associated with an increase in skeletal muscle 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthesis and 5-HT degradation. 5-HT2AR mediates the expression of MAO-A and the synthesis of 5-HT, which indirectly regulates the degradation of 5-HT. MAO-A regulates cell inflammation, mitochondrial ROS production and membrane potential depolarization by mediating 5-HT degradation. MAO-A also inhibits the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1 (PGC-1), carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT1) and ATP synthase-6 (ATP6), thus inhibiting mitochondrial functions such as fatty acid β oxidation and ATP synthesis. SH and CDP can effectively treat T2DM fatigue, and can also reduce blood glucose and blood lipid, and the combination of SH and CDP has a clear synergistic effect.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885246

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role and mechanism of Talin-1 in mouse aortic dissection.Methods:Sixty male FVB mice were evenly divided into groups of blank, model, Talin-1 up-regulation, Talin-1 up-regulation control, Talin-1 down-regulation, and Talin-1 down-regulation control. Except mice in the blank group, mice were treated with β-aminopropionitrile (BAPN) combined with angiotensin to construct a mouse aortic dissection model. Hematoxylin-eosin and vascular elastic fiber staining (EVG) were used to observe the aorta and elastic fiber morphology and structure. Western blot was used to detect the phosphorylation levels of FAK and ERK1 / 2 in mouse aortic tissue.Results:The success rate of aortic dissection in model mice was 70%, and there was no aortic dissection appeared in the blank group.No mice died during the experiment. The incidence of aortic dissection in the Talin-1 down-regulated group was 100%, which was significantly higher than that in the Talin-1 down-regulated control group( P<0.05). The incidence of aortic dissection in the Talin-1 up-regulated group was 20%, significantly lower than that in the Talin-1 up-regulated control group. The wall thickness of the aorta of mice in the Talin-1 down-regulated group was accompanied by hematoma or pseudocavity formation. The median elastic fiber content was higher than that in the Talin-1 downregulation control group( P<0.05). The content of elastic fibers in the blood vessel wall of mice in the Talin-1 up-regulation group was significantly higher than that in the Talin-1 up-regulation control group.The down-regulation of Talin-1 significantly inhibited FAK phosphorylation, and instead promoted ERK1/2 phosphorylation( P<0.05). Conclusions:Down-regulation of Talin-1 may reduce the elastic fiber content in the aorta of mice by activating the ERK1/2 signaling pathway, leading to vascular remodeling of the aortic wall and promoting the occurrence of aortic dissection.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 131-138, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883845

ABSTRACT

The epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) puts higher demands on critical care medicine. Lots of studies have been conducted to solve COVID-19-related problems. Therefore, we reviewed the annual progress for COVID-19-related issues including antivirals threapies, respiratory support and immunomodulatory therapies and other critical issues, including the effect of antibiotic on mitochondrial damage and its relationship with sepsis, the goal and direction of antimicrobial de-escalation, drug prophylaxis of constipation, bleeding in gastrointestinal disorders and management of critical illness in the informalization era and so on. We hope to provide reference for clinical and scientific research work of the intensivists.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882878

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinicopathological features, treatment and prognosis of Epstein -Barr virus(EBV) positive diffuse large B cell lymphoma(DLBCL) in children, so as to improve the knowledge of pediatricians on this disease.Methods:The data of 6 cases of EBV positive DLBCL who were initially diagnosed and regularly treated in Beijing Children′s Hospital from January 2016 to December 2019 were collected, including basic information (gender, age, first symptom, and course of disease), pathological results [immunohistochemistry, EBV encoded RNA(EBER), latent membrane protein(LMP), and C- MYC gene], immune function, EBV index, treatment group, treatment plan and prognosis. Results:There were 4 males and 2 females, with the average age of 6.67 years.The uric acid was 266.2 μmol/L, lactic dehydrogenase(LDH) was 346.5 U/L at early stage, and 1 patient had immunodeficiency.The immune function test before chemotherapy indicated that the proportion of auxiliary T cells decreased in 4 cases, and the humoral immune function was normal in all patients.There was no evidence of recent infection in 6 patients, and EBV-DNA increased in 3 patients.There were 2 cases of stage Ⅲ, 4 cases of stage Ⅳ, 1 case of giant tumor, 2 cases of symptom B, 6 cases of extranodal invasion, 4 cases of central invasion and 1 case of bone marrow invasion.Three patients died and three survived.Immunohistochemistry showed that: (1) CD 19, CD 20, and CD 79a were expressed in all patients, and CD 30 was expressed in 5 patients.(2) C- MYC gene was detected by immunofluorescence in situ hybridization method in all patients, and no MYC break, Bcl-2 and Bcl-6 break and amplification were found.(3) EBV: EBER and LMP-1 were expressed in all patients. Conclusions:The pathological changes of EBV positive DLBCL are similar to those adults.The origin of non-germinal center and extranodal and central invasion are more common.The prognosis of the patients with central nervous system invasion is very poor, and the recurrence and progress of the disease often occur in the treatment or in the early stage of drug withdrawal.At present, there is no effective and feasible treatment plan.It is suggested that the patients in the late stage should receive allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation as soon as possible after intensive treatment, so as to improve the survival rate.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882662

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic value of platelet volume indices (PVIs), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the combination of these parameters for the neurological function of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients after intravenous thrombolysis.Methods:From January 2016 to January 2019, the data of 147 AIS patients with intravenous thrombolysis in the Emergency Department of Peking University People's Hospital who met the diagnostic criteria of AIS were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups according to modified rank in scale (MRS) score: MRS≤2 and MRS≥3. The general information, past medical history and laboratory examination results of each group were compared. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors of poor prognosis of neurological function in AIS patients with thrombolysis.Results:NLR ( OR=1.045, 95% CI: 1.032-2.350, P=0.032), mean platelet volume (MPV) ( OR=4.212, 95% CI:1.074-16.513, P=0.039), MPV×NLR/PLT ( OR=5.711, 95% CI: 1.342-24.298, P=0.018), platelet distribution width (PDW) ( OR=1.015, 95% CI: 1.001-2.372, P=0.032), and NIHSS score ( OR=1.266, 95% CI: 1.111-1.443, P<0.01) were related with poor prognosis neurological function of AIS patients with intravenous thrombolysis. Conclusions:MPV, NLR, MPV×NLR/PLT PDW and NIHSS scores are the risk factors for poor prognosis of neurological function in AIS patients with thrombolysis. MPV×NLR/PLT can predict the neurological severity of AIS after 3 months.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882027

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an indicator system for assessment of schistosomiasis transmission risk after transmission interruption in Hubei Province, so as to provide insights into the precise control of schistosomiasis. Methods The indicator system was preliminarily established based on data collection, literature review, expert interviews. Two rounds of expert consultation were performed. The indicator system was screened based on the importance, operability, sensitivity and comprehensive score of the indicators, and the weights of each indicator were calculated. The credibility of the Delphi method was evaluated by calculating the active coefficient of the experts, degree of expert authority and coordination levels of experts’ opinions. Results An indicator system for assessment of schistosomiasis transmission risk was preliminarily established, including 3 primary indicators, 12 secondary indicators and 44 tertiary indicators. A Delphi consultation was performed among 17 experts participating in schistosomiasis control, management and research. Following two rounds of consultation, a risk assessment indicator system was finally constructed, including 3 primary indicators, 10 secondary indicators and 35 tertiary indicators. Among the primary indicators, the variable with the highest normalized weight was the current status of schistosomiasis (0.420 2), followed by social factors (0.397 3) and natural environments (0.182 5). Among the secondary indicators, those with high combined weights included risk monitoring (0.142 3), current snail status (0.140 1), and current prevalence of human and livestock infections (0.137 8). Among the tertiary indicators, those with high combined weights included the positive rate of wild feces (0.049 8), the prevalence of snail infections (0.047 4), and the area of snail habitats submerged by floods (0.046 8). During the two-round consultation, the active coefficients of the experts were 85.00% and 100.00%, the degree of expert authority was both 0.75 and greater, and the coordination levels of experts’ opinions were 0.405 to 0.521 and 0.592 to 0.695 (all P values < 0.05). Conclusion An indicator system for assessment of schistosomiasis transmission risk is successfully established after transmission interruption in Hubei Province based on the Delphi method, which provides insights into the identification of the schistosomiasis transmission risk and the targets for schistosomiasis control in Hubei Province.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1612-1620, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881562

ABSTRACT

Hyperglycemic kidney injury (HKI) is a common complication of diabetic patients. We examined the relationship between HKI and the abnormal expression of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) system induced by hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In animal experiments, a T2DM model was established in mice by feeding a high-fat diet with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. The mice were treated with the 5-HT2A receptor (5-HT2AR) antagonist sarpogrelate hydrochloride (SH) and 5-HT synthesis inhibitor carbidopa (CDP) (respectively or in combination). In cell culture experiments, human glomerular mesangial cells (HMC) were stimulated with D-glucose (D-Glu), and 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthesis, and 5-HT degradation were inhibited by SH, CDP, or monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) inhibitor clorgyline. Periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining and Masson staining, immunohistochemistry and Western blot, fluorescent probe, and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and enzyme reagent were respectively used to detect histopathology, protein expression, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), and biochemical indexes. The animal experiments were in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of China Pharmaceutical University. The results showed that 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthases, and MAO-A were expressed in glomerular basement membrane and kidney tubular epithelial cells of mouse kidney and HMC. The expression of these proteins was significantly up-regulated in T2DM mice or when HMC cells were exposed to high concentration of D-Glu. HKI, characterized by abnormal renal function, glomerular swelling, and glomerular basement membrane thickening and fibrosis, is closely associated with an increase in kidney 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthesis, and 5-HT degradation. Among them, 5-HT2AR can mediate the expression of 5-HT synthases and MAO-A; MAO-A can catalyze the degradation of 5-HT to increase the production of mitochondrial ROS, leading to the phosphorylation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) with the production of inflammatory cytokines, and the up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) with the production of collagens. SH and CDP can effectively treat HKI, and the combination of SH and CDP has a clear synergistic effect.

10.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 135-143, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881002

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Bushen Tiansui formula (BSTSF), a traditional Chinese medicine prescription, has been widely used to treat Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the mechanisms underlying its effects remain largely unknown. In this study, a rat AD model was used to study the effects of BSTSF on cognitive performance and expression of transfer RNA-derived small RNAs (tsRNAs) in the hippocampus, to determine whether treatment of AD with BSTSF could regulate the expression of tsRNAs, a novel small non-coding RNA.@*METHODS@#To generate a validated AD model, oligomeric amyloid-β@*RESULTS@#The learning and memory deficits of Aβ@*CONCLUSION@#This study identified a previously uncharacterized mechanism underlying the effects of BSTSF in alleviating the learning and memory deficits in Aβ

11.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 346-359, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880918

ABSTRACT

Microbial ecosystem comprises a complex community in which bacteria interact with each other. The potential roles of the intestinal microbiome play in human health have gained considerable attention. The imbalance of gut microbial community has been looked to multiple chronic diseases. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are leading causes of morbidity worldwide and are influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Recent advances have provided scientific evidence that CVD may also be attributed to gut microbiome. In this review, we highlight the complex interplay between microbes, their metabolites, and the potential influence on the generation and development of CVDs. The therapeutic potential of using intestinal microbiomes to treat CVD is also discussed. It is quite possible that gut microbes may be used for clinical treatments of CVD in the near future.

12.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 107-127, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880883

ABSTRACT

Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is one of the leading causes of death from gynecologic cancers and peritoneal dissemination is the major cause of death in patients with EOC. Although the loss of 4.1N is associated with increased risk of malignancy, its association with EOC remains unclear. To explore the underlying mechanism of the loss of 4.1N in constitutive activation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and matrix-detached cell death resistance, we investigated samples from 268 formalin-fixed EOC tissues and performed various in vitro and in vivo assays. We report that the loss of 4.1N correlated with progress in clinical stage, as well as poor survival in EOC patients. The loss of 4.1N induces EMT in adherent EOC cells and its expression inhibits anoikis resistance and EMT by directly binding and accelerating the degradation of 14-3-3 in suspension EOC cells. Furthermore, the loss of 4.1N could increase the rate of entosis, which aggravates cell death resistance in suspension EOC cells. Moreover, xenograft tumors in nude mice also show that the loss of 4.1N can aggravate peritoneal dissemination of EOC cells. Single-agent and combination therapy with a ROCK inhibitor and a 14-3-3 antagonist can reduce tumor spread to varying degrees. Our results not only define the vital role of 4.1N loss in inducing EMT, anoikis resistance, and entosis-induced cell death resistance in EOC, but also suggest that individual or combined application of 4.1N, 14-3-3 antagonists, and entosis inhibitors may be a promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of EOC.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862727

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the malnutrition status and analyze the changing trends of nutritional status among primary and middle school students in poor rural areas of Chongqing from 2013 to 2019, and to provide scientific bases for formulating measures to improve students' nutrition status. Methods In 12 poor rural areas in Chongqing, a random sampling was adopted. At least 10% of elementary and middle schools were randomly selected in each area each year. At least 40 students were sampled in each grade to measure their height and weight. The nutritional status of the students was evaluated and the changing trend of nutritional status in the five years from 2013 to 2019 was analyzed. Results From 2013 to 2019, the prevalence rate of malnutrition showed a downward trend. The prevalence rate of malnutrition of boys was higher than that of girls. The prevalence rate of growth retardation decreased more significantly than that of emaciation. Conclusion The status of malnutrition among students in poor areas of Chongqing had been improved, but had not been eliminated yet. Further attention should be paid to the changes of students' nutritional status and timely measures should be taken to improve the students' nutritional and health status.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 364-367, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862445

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To observe the changes of macular ganglion cell complex(GCC)thickness in patients with obstructive sleep apnea(OSA)and discuss the relativity between thickness of GCC and OSA.<p>METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with OSA whose Apnea-Hypopnea Index ≥5 and fifty healthy people whose Apnea-Hypopnea Index <5 were enrolled in this study. OSA patients were further divided into mild, moderate, and severe OSA groups according to their Apnea-Hypopnea Inde. RTVUE 100-2 optical coherence tomography was used to measure the GCC thickness. The examination included average thickness of GCC(GCC-Avg), superior(GCC-Sup)and inferior thickness of GCC(GCC-Inf), focal loss of volume(FLV)and general loss of volume(GLV). The difference in GCC thickness was analyzed among four groups. <p>RESULTS: The thickness of GCC of the OSA groups was thinner than that of the normal control group(<i>P</i><0.05), and FLV in the OSA groups was higher than that in the normal control group(<i>P</i><0.05), but there was no significant difference in FLV between OSA groups(<i>P</i>>0.05). GLV increased in the OSA groups compared with the control group.<p>CONCLUSION:The macular GCC thickness decreased in OSA patients, and the thickness of GCC decreased with the increase of OSA patients' severity(AHI).

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1329-1334, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878096

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#With current chemotherapy treatment, >90% of survival has been obtained for Burkitt lymphoma (BL). In this study, the demographic characteristics and treatment outcomes are presented for 78 children in China with central nervous system-positive (CNS+) BL.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study consecutively enrolled 78 CNS+ BL patients in Beijing Children's Hospital (BCH) from 2007 to 2019 who received the BCH B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma regimen (modified by French-American-British mature lymphoma B-cell 96 [FAB/LMB96] C1 arm ± rituximab). Clinical characteristics, methods of disease detection in the CNS, and outcomes were evaluated. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess prognostic factors.@*RESULTS@#The median age of 65 boys and 13 girls at the time of diagnosis was 5.7 years (ranging from 1 to 14 years). Patients were followed up for a median time of 34 months (ranging from 1 to 72 months). Bone marrow invasion was found in 38 (48.7%) patients. There were 48 (61.5%), 44 (56.4%), and 25 (32%) patients with cranial nerve palsy, intracerebral mass (ICM), and para-meningeal extension, respectively. Abnormal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) morphology and CSF immunophenotype appeared in 15 (19.2%) and 15 (19.2%) patients, respectively. There were 69 (88.5%) patients treated with chemotherapy combined with rituximab, and nine patients were treated solely with chemotherapy. Finally, five patients died of treatment-related infection, recurrence occurred for 13, and one developed a second tumor. The 3-year overall survival and event-free survival rates were 78.9% ± 4.7% and 71.4% ± 6.0%, respectively. Treatment with chemotherapy only, ICM positivity, and >4 organs involved at diagnosis were independent risk factors.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Rituximab combined with a modified LMB96 regimen has greatly increased the efficacy of treatment for Chinese children with CNS+ BL, and with the continuous collection of outcome data, treatment-related complications are decreasing. For further verification, a large sample multicentre randomized controlled study should be performed to explore a treatment scheme for Chinese children with even greater efficacy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Burkitt Lymphoma/drug therapy , Central Nervous System , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877606

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of cupping treatment combined with antibiotics and antibiotics alone for bacterial pneumonia in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 72 children with bacterial pneumonia were randomly divided into an observation group (36 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (36 cases). The children in the control group were treated with intravenous drip of cefodizine sodium [80 mg/(kg•d)] for 7 days. Based on the treatment of the control group, the children in the observation group were treated with cupping treatment on the bladder meridian of the back on the first day and the fourth day of antibiotic treatment; each cupping treatment was given for 5-10 min; the treatment of observation group was given for 7 days. The days for complete fever reduction, TCM syndrome scores and Canadian acute respiratory illness flu scale (CARIFS) scores before and after treatment were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The days for complete fever reduction in the observation group were shorter than that in the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#Cupping treatment combined with antibiotics has similar efficacy with antibiotics alone for bacterial pneumonia in children, but shows better effect in shortening the duration of fever and improving pulmonary symptoms.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Canada , Child , Cough , Cupping Therapy , Humans , Pneumonia, Bacterial , Treatment Outcome
17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1029-1032, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876750

ABSTRACT

@#Circular RNAs(circRNAs)comprise a novel class of non-coding RNAs that are found to be highly abundant in eukaryotic cells and have implicated in various cellular functions such as cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Recent advances have suggested that dysregulated circRNAs play a critical role in the pathogenesis of several proliferative retinal diseases including proliferative vitreous retinopathy, diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, retinopathy of prematurity, and corneal neovascularization. Here, we review current knowledge about circRNAs and summarize new insights into potential functions of some aberrantly expressed circRNAs and possible future directions in ocular proliferative diseases.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787762

ABSTRACT

Flood disaster is one of the most serious natural disasters in the world, and it could pose an inestimable impact on the affected people. Based on existing laws, regulations, and emergency manuals in China, extensive literature review, epidemiological and related protection evidence, and expert consultation, this study analyzed different health risk factors of flood disaster and proposed a multi-stage, multi-population, and multi-phase comprehensive protection measures for the public in the perspective of pre-event prevention, in-event intervention and post-event rescue strategy, which could provide a scientific basis for improving the level of public health protection against the flood disaster and corresponding health outcomes.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787719

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to o explore the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of idiopathic subglottic stenosis (ISS) The clinical data of 15 patients with idiopathic subglottic stenosis treated in our department were analyzed retrospectively. The degree of stenosis was classified by the Cotton Airway grading system of Myer, with 8 cases of gradeⅡ, 4 cases of grade Ⅲ and 3 cases of grade Ⅳ. The time of follow-up of HTSS was 0.5-10 years. All 15 patients were successfully extubated without asphyxia, decannulation and wound nonunion. For patients with idiopathic subglottic stenosis in the non-progressive stage, active surgical treatment strategy should be adopted and treated individually. The prognosis is satisfactory.

20.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 314-318, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879643

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we review the results of previous studies and summarize the effects of various factors on the regulation of bone metabolism in traumatic bone infections. Infection-related bone destruction incorporates pathogens and iatrogenic factors in the process of bone resorption dominated by the skeletal and immune systems. The development of bone immunology has established a bridge of communication between the skeletal system and the immune system. Exploring the effects of pathogens, skeletal systems, immune systems, and antibacterials on bone repair in infectious conditions can help improve the treatment of these diseases.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Bone and Bones/metabolism , Cellular Microenvironment , Humans , Immune System/immunology , Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Osteitis/microbiology , Osteoblasts/physiology , Osteoclasts/physiology , Staphylococcal Infections
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