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1.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1143-1148, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005609

ABSTRACT

In medical ethics education, there are two different research and education paths: medical ethics and medical anthropology. The former focuses on using theories and methods such as utilitarianism and contract theory, while the latter focuses on using theories and methods such as narrative medicine and emotion theory. The two paths are not closely related, resulting in the weak ecological structure of medical ethics education. Drawing on Dewey’s value education theory and based on his theory of human nature, this paper integrated the values of life and human nature into a coordinated and consistent goal of medical ethics education, used the two paths of "medicine-life value-life value education" and "medicine-human nature value-human nature value education" to conduct detailed argumentation, further grasped the concept of value philosophy, so as to provide an opportunity for future exploration of the integration of medical moral education and medical aesthetic education.

2.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 735-742, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001269

ABSTRACT

Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is associated with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST), which is a rare cerebrovascular disorder in children. Systemic anticoagulation with heparin is the standard therapy for CVST, and mechanical thrombectomy (MT) has been described as a salvage treatment for adult anticoagulant refractory CVST, However, it has never been reported in children. We describe a case of MT for refractory CVST in a child with NS. A 13-year-old boy with newly diagnosed NS presented to an emergency department with acute headache. A head computed tomography showed acute thrombus in the superior sagittal sinus, straight sinus and transverse sinus. The child was started on heparin therapy, but clinically deteriorated and became unresponsive. In view of the rapid deterioration of the condition after anticoagulation treatment, the patient received intravascular treatment. Several endovascular technologies, such as stent retriever and large bore suction catheter have been adopted. After endovascular treatment, the patient’s neurological condition was improved within 24 hours, and magnetic resonance venography of the head demonstrated that the CVST was reduced. The child recovered with normal neurological function at discharge. This case highlights the importance of considering MT for refractory CVST, and we suggest that MT may be considered for refractory CVST with NS in children.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 410-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of continuous positive airway pressure(CPAP)on blood pressure and blood pressure rhythm in hypertensive patients with sleep apnea syndrome.Methods:Hypertensive patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome consecutively recruited between 2020 and 2022 were randomly divided into two groups, the CPAP group and the control group.Both groups were routinely treated with antihypertensive drugs, and patients in the CPAP group were additionally treated with CPAP for more than 4 hours at night.24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was conducted following 12 weeks of treatment, and the blood pressure rhythm was analyzed according to blood pressure results.Results:A total of 104 patients(40-73 years old)were enrolled in the study, with 51 patients(mean age: 57.3±9.1)in the CPAP group(58.8% male)and 53 patients(mean age: 58.3±8.1)in the control group(54.7% male). The results of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring showed that, compared with the control group, the CPAP group achieved more effective blood pressure reduction in mean systolic blood pressure(SBP)[(134.6±8.4)mmHg vs.(138.2±5.9)mmHg, t=-2.54, P=0.013], mean DBP[(72.4±9.3)mmHg vs.(77.0±9.0), t=-2.56, P=0.012], mean nighttime SBP[(117.2±5.1)mmHg vs.(122.0±6.2)mmHg, t=-4.283, P<0.01]and mean nighttime DBP[(63.7±6.4)mmHg vs.(66.9±5.1)mmHg, t=-2.812, P<0.01). There was a significant increase in blood pressure dippers in the CPAP group(37.25% vs.18.87%, χ2=4.370, P=0.037). Conclusions:CPAP can significantly reduce 24-hour mean blood pressure and nocturnal blood pressure, and improve blood pressure rhythm in hypertensive patients with sleep apnea syndrome.

4.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 19-24, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993639

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation between cognitive impairment and cortical atrophy in elderly patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS).Methods:In this cross-sectional study, 40 consecutive elderly patients with ACAS treated in the Department of Neurology, Northern Jiangsu People′s Hospital from July 1, 2020 to June 30, 2021 (ACAS group), and 40 elderly healthy controls who accepted physical examination during the same period (control group) were included. Cognitive assessment was performed using the Mental State Examination Scale (MMSE) and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA), and brain magnetic resonance imaging scanning was performed in the ACAS group. The artificial intelligence technique was applied for brain lobe segmentation and cortical volume calculation. The χ2-test, independent sample t-test and Wilcoxon non-parametric test were used to analyze the difference of clinical data and cognitive scores between the two groups. In the ACAS group, the cortical volumes of the side with carotid stenosis was compared with that of the normal side, and Spearman′s correlation analysis was used to assess the correlation between cognitive scores and cortical atrophy. Results:Compared with the control group, the ACAS group got significantly lower scores of MMSE and MoCA, as well as lower scores of visuospatial executive function, attention and calculation, language function, abstraction ability and delayed recall [(25.60±2.49) vs (27.18±1.01), (22.05±3.59) vs (25.60±1.43), (2.73±1.04) vs (4.08±0.62), (4.53±0.93) vs (5.03±0.66), 2.00 (0.00) vs 3.00 (0.00), 1.00 (1.00) vs 2.00 (0.00), and (2.95±0.96) vs (3.35±0.62)] (all P<0.05). There was not significant differences in naming and orientation ability between the two groups (both P>0.05). The volume of cortical, temporal lobe, frontal lobe, parietal lobe and insular lobe on the side with carotid stenosis in the ACAS group were significantly smaller than those on the normal side [186.23 (177.97, 202.53) vs 194.67 (185.65, 204.82) cm 3, 54.74 (50.66, 56.95) vs 55.61 (51.24, 58.49) cm 3, 72.98 (70.76, 78.34) vs 75.27 (72.34, 80.66) cm 3, 53.66 (51.11, 57.86) vs 56.59 (52.80, 60.09) cm 3, 6.57 (6.35, 7.07) vs 6.72 (6.46, 7.34) cm 3] (all P<0.05). The MoCA score in the ACAS group was positively related to the cortical volume ratio of the two sides ( r=0.427, P<0.01). The attention ( r=0.353) and abstraction ( r=0.226) ability scores were positively correlated with the temporal lobe volume ratios of the two sides (both P<0.05). The visuospatial executive ( r=0.187) and language ( r=0.373) ability scores were positively correlated with frontal lobe volume ratios of the two sides (both P<0.05), and visuospatial executive ( r=0.386), naming ( r=0.344), language ( r=0.517), abstraction ( r=0.335) and delayed recall ( r=0.333) ability scores were positively correlated with parietal lobe volume ratios of the two sides (all P<0.05). Conclusion:In elderly patients with ACAS, the cognitive impairment and cortical atrophy on the sides with carotid stenosis are significant and a positive correlation is detected between them.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1761-1766, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990403

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changes and influencing factors of psychological distress in patients with primary acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in different periods, and to provide reference for the management of psychological distress in patients with primary AMI.Methods:This was a longitudinal, prospective, observational study. From June 2021 to September 2022, 118 patients with primary AMI in Peking Union Medical College Hospital and Peking University First Hospital were selected as the research objects. The psychological distress level of patients was investigated on the points of 24 hours after illness (T 1), before discharge (T 2), 1 month after discharge (T 3), 3 months after discharge (T 4), 6 months after discharge (T 5) and 12 months after discharge (T 6), and the influencing factors were analyzed. Results:The detection rate of psychological distress in 6 follow-up survey nodes was 66.95% (79/118), 48.31% (57/118), 29.66% (35/118), 24.58% (29/118), 19.49% (23/118) and 15.25% (18/118) respectively. Education level, family per capita income and disease awareness had significant effects on the psychological distress of patients with primary AMI at the time points from T 1 to T 6 ( β values were - 1.262 to - 0.212, all P<0.05). Conclusions:The level of psychological distress in primary AMI patients decreased with time. Nursing staff should pay attention to the trajectory and influencing factors of psychological pain, and formulate targeted intervention measures to reduce the level of psychological pain and promote the comprehensive rehabilitation of patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 579-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986930

ABSTRACT

Objective: This cross-sectional investigation aimed to determine the incidence, clinical characteristics, prognosis, and related risk factors of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain in mainland China. Methods: Data of patients with SARS-CoV-2 from December 28, 2022, to February 21, 2023, were collected through online and offline questionnaires from 45 tertiary hospitals and one center for disease control and prevention in mainland China. The questionnaire included demographic information, previous health history, smoking and alcohol drinking, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, olfactory and gustatory function before and after infection, other symptoms after infection, as well as the duration and improvement of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction. The self-reported olfactory and gustatory functions of patients were evaluated using the Olfactory VAS scale and Gustatory VAS scale. Results: A total of 35 566 valid questionnaires were obtained, revealing a high incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain (67.75%). Females(χ2=367.013, P<0.001) and young people(χ2=120.210, P<0.001) were more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Gender(OR=1.564, 95%CI: 1.487-1.645), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), oral health status (OR=0.881, 95%CI: 0.839-0.926), smoking history (OR=1.152, 95%CI=1.080-1.229), and drinking history (OR=0.854, 95%CI: 0.785-0.928) were correlated with the occurrence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2(above P<0.001). 44.62% (4 391/9 840) of the patients who had not recovered their sense of smell and taste also suffered from nasal congestion, runny nose, and 32.62% (3 210/9 840) suffered from dry mouth and sore throat. The improvement of olfactory and taste functions was correlated with the persistence of accompanying symptoms(χ2=10.873, P=0.001). The average score of olfactory and taste VAS scale was 8.41 and 8.51 respectively before SARS-CoV-2 infection, but decreased to3.69 and 4.29 respectively after SARS-CoV-2 infection, and recovered to 5.83and 6.55 respectively at the time of the survey. The median duration of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions was 15 days and 12 days, respectively, with 0.5% (121/24 096) of patients experiencing these dysfunctions for more than 28 days. The overall self-reported improvement rate of smell and taste dysfunctions was 59.16% (14 256/24 096). Gender(OR=0.893, 95%CI: 0.839-0.951), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), history of head and facial trauma(OR=1.180, 95%CI: 1.036-1.344, P=0.013), nose (OR=1.104, 95%CI: 1.042-1.171, P=0.001) and oral (OR=1.162, 95%CI: 1.096-1.233) health status, smoking history(OR=0.765, 95%CI: 0.709-0.825), and the persistence of accompanying symptoms (OR=0.359, 95%CI: 0.332-0.388) were correlated with the recovery of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2 (above P<0.001 except for the indicated values). Conclusion: The incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain is high in mainland China, with females and young people more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Active and effective intervention measures may be required for cases that persist for a long time. The recovery of olfactory and taste functions is influenced by several factors, including gender, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status, history of head and facial trauma, nasal and oral health status, smoking history, and persistence of accompanying symptoms.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adolescent , SARS-CoV-2 , Smell , COVID-19/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19 Vaccines , Incidence , Olfaction Disorders/etiology , Taste Disorders/etiology , Prognosis
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 45-51, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970500

ABSTRACT

Violet root rot is one of the main root diseases in the production process of Pseudostellaria heterophylla. To clarify the pathogenic species that cause the violet root rot of P. heterophylla in Fujian province, the roots and the sclerotia with violet root rot symptoms were collected from the main producing areas of P. heterophylla(Fujian province) from 2017 to 2021, and the pathogens were isolated by tissue separation method and identified by morphology and multi-gene phylogenetic analysis. Additionally, the biological characteristics of the pathogens were studied and the fungicides were determined. The results showed that 78 strains of violet root rot were isolated from the collected root samples, which belonged to one type after preliminary morphological identification. Two represen-tative strains were selected from the pathogens for multi-gene phylogenetic analysis, and they were clustered with Helicobasidium mompa together. The suitable culture conditions for the mycelium were OA medium, 25 ℃, pH 6, and ammonium oxalate as the nitrogen source. The lethal temperature of the mycelium was 50 ℃ for 10 minutes. Moreover, 99.1% propiconazole and 98.7% azoxystrobin had the optimal bacteriostatic effect, and the concentrations with the 50% bacteriostatic rate were 16.85 and 12.24 μg·mL~(-1), respectively. On the basis of the above results, the pathogen causing violet root rot of P. heterophylla in Fujian province was H. mompa. The medium type, growth temperature, pH value, nitrogen source, etc. had significant effect on the growth of mycelium.


Subject(s)
Plant Roots , Phylogeny , Temperature , Caryophyllaceae , Nitrogen
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2202-2218, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982835

ABSTRACT

Central nervous system (CNS) injuries, including stroke, traumatic brain injury, and spinal cord injury, are essential causes of death and long-term disability and are difficult to cure, mainly due to the limited neuron regeneration and the glial scar formation. Herein, we apply extracellular vesicles (EVs) secreted by M2 microglia to improve the differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) at the injured site, and simultaneously modify them with the injured vascular targeting peptide (DA7R) and the stem cell recruiting factor (SDF-1) on their surface via copper-free click chemistry to recruit NSCs, inducing their neuronal differentiation, and serving as the nanocarriers at the injured site (Dual-EV). Results prove that the Dual-EV could target human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs), recruit NSCs, and promote the neuronal differentiation of NSCs in vitro. Furthermore, 10 miRNAs are found to be upregulated in Dual-M2-EVs compared to Dual-M0-EVs via bioinformatic analysis, and further NSC differentiation experiment by flow cytometry reveals that among these miRNAs, miR30b-3p, miR-222-3p, miR-129-5p, and miR-155-5p may exert effect of inducing NSC to differentiate into neurons. In vivo experiments show that Dual-EV nanocarriers achieve improved accumulation in the ischemic area of stroke model mice, potentiate NSCs recruitment, and increase neurogenesis. This work provides new insights for the treatment of neuronal regeneration after CNS injuries as well as endogenous stem cells, and the click chemistry EV/peptide/chemokine and related nanocarriers for improving human health.

9.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 423-427, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982761

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical value of visual analogue scale (VAS), Lebel scale and total nasal symptom scores (TNSS) in evaluating nasal allergen provocation test (NAPT). Methods:A total of 151 patients suspected of allergic rhinitis admitted to the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery of our hospital from April 2020 to September 2020 were included, of which 76 were positive for house dust mites and 75 were negative for allergens. Nasal airway resistance(NAR) was measured by active anterior nasal manometry. Nasal symptoms were evaluated by VAS, Lebel and TNSS. House dust mite allergen was used for NAPT by spray method. An increase≥40% in NAR was used as the gold standard for objective evaluation of NAPT. ROC curves of VAS, Lebel and TNSS were drawn to compare the evaluation effectiveness of different subjective evaluation methods, and the optimal critical point of each ROC curve was obtained. Results:With NAR increased by ≥40% as the gold standard, the area under ROC curve of VAS was 0.884, and the sensitivity and specificity were 97.75% and 80.65%, respectively. The area under ROC curve of Lebel was 0.773, and the sensitivity and specificity were 68.54% and 75.81%, respectively. The area under ROC curve of TNSS was 0.792, and the sensitivity and specificity were 68.54% and 79.03%, respectively. There was no significant difference between Lebel and TNSS(P>0.05). The VAS differed significantly from Lebel and TNSS(P<0.05). The Kappa values of VAS, Lebel, TNSS and NAR were 0.803, 0.432 and 0.459, respectively. Conclusion:The VAS, Lebel, TNSS subjective scale and NAR are consistent in evaluating the efficacy of NAPT, with the VAS assessment showing highest consistency with NAR. As objective assessment instruments are not widely used in China, subjective assessment method could be adopted to evaluate the efficacy of NAPT in clinical practice, and VAS scale is recommended as a priority.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Allergens , Nasal Provocation Tests/methods , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnosis , Nose , Pyroglyphidae
10.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 566-571, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928644

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the application of three-dimensional speckle-tracking imaging in evaluating left ventricular systolic function and its correlation with peripheral arterial elasticity in children with simple obesity.@*METHODS@#Random sampling combined with convenience sampling was used to obtain research samples, and then the samples were divided into an obesity group (23 cases), an overweight group (21 cases), and a normal group (24 cases). Three-dimensional speckle-tracking imaging was used to measure the global longitudinal strain (GLS), global radial strain (GRS), and global circumferential strain (GCS) of the left ventricle. An automatic arteriosclerosis tester was used to measure ankle-brachial index (ABI) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). These parameters were compared among the three groups. The correlation of three-dimensional speckle-tracking parameters with ABI and baPWV was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in GLS, GRS, and GCS between the obesity and normal groups (P>0.05). The overweight group had a significantly higher GLS than the normal group [(-24±7) vs (-19±12), P<0.05]. The obesity and overweight groups had a significantly lower ABI than the normal group [(1.00±0.09)/(1.09±0.13) vs (2.25±0.13), P<0.05). The obesity group had a significantly higher baPWV than the normal group [(978±109) vs (905±22), P<0.05]. In the children with obesity, GLS was positively correlated with baPWV (r=0.516, P<0.05) , but not correlated with ABI (P>0.05), and GCS and GRS had no significant correlation with ABI or baPWV (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are varying degrees of changes in left ventricular systolic function and peripheral arterial elasticity in children with simple obesity, and there is a certain correlation between them.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Ankle Brachial Index , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional/methods , Elasticity , Obesity , Overweight , Prospective Studies , Pulse Wave Analysis
11.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 31-43, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928248

ABSTRACT

Objective Many studies have revealed the crucial roles of miRNA in multiple human cancers, including lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). In this study, we sought to explore new miRNA-mRNA pairs that are associated with LUAD prognosis. Methods A novel miRNA-mRNA regulatory network associated with prognosis in LUAD was identified and validated using the bioinformatic tools including OncomiR database, StarBase, miRnet, GEPIA2, UALCAN. Results Twenty key miRNAs were compiled after the analysis of the expression and prognostic value in OncomiR and StarBase. Targeted mRNAs of these key miRNAs were predicted in miRnet, and the resulting mRNAs were also analyzed for their prognostic values and expression patterns in GEPIA2 and UALCAN, respectively. Further expression correlation analysis was performed in StarBase. Subsequently, a new miRNA-mRNA network was built, of which each RNA pair showed negative expression correlation, opposite expression pattern, and prognostic value. Protein-protein interaction network was under construction for the mRNAs, and 19 hub genes were determined. Enrichment analysis showed that "Cell Cycle, Mitotic" was the most significantly enriched term. Then, a miRNA-hub gene sub-network was built. We selected and validated the regulatory relationship of some miRNA-hub pairs, including hsa-miR-1976/RFC2, hsa-let-7c-5p/RFC2, hsa-let-7c-5p/ESPL1, hsa-let-7c-5p/CDC25A, and hsa-miR-101-3p/KIF2C. Moreover, over-expression of hsa-miR-1976 and hsa-let-7c-5p resulted in significant cell cycle arrest. Conclusions Our results determined new prognosis-associated miRNA-mRNA pairs and might shed further light on the mechanism via which miRNA-mRNA network influences prognosis in LUAD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 595-602, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically review the therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction (GID) of gastric cancer with meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#The articles of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture and moxibustion treatment for postoperative GID of gastric cancer were retrieved from the following databases from the time of database establishment to December 31, 2020, including PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database, VIP database and China Biomedical Literature Database (SinoMed). RevMan5.3 software was used for meta-analysis. Using Stata16.0 software, sensitivity analysis and publication bias test were performed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 16 RCTs were included finally, including 1 360 patients, of which, there were 681 cases in the intervention group and 679 cases in the control group. Meta-analysis results showed that acupuncture and moxibustion shortened the time of first flatus (P<0.000 01, MD =-14.52, 95%CI = [-17.31, -11.74]), the time of first bowel sound (P<0.000 01, MD =-10.50, 95%CI =[-13.99, -7.01]) and the time of first defecation (P<0.000 1, MD =-13.79, 95%CI =[-20.09, -7.50]). Meanwhile, acupuncture and moxibustion shortened the time of the first food intake (P<0.000 1, MD =-3.23, 95%CI = [-3.45, -3.00]) and the hospital stay (P<0.000 01, MD =-1.94, 95%CI =[-2.20, -1.69]) after gastric cancer operation, and reduced the incidences of postoperative adverse reactions, i.e. nausea and vomiting (P =0.000 3, RR =0.43, 95%CI =[0.28, 0.68]) and abdominal distention (P =0.000 5, RR =0.41, 95%CI =[0.25, 0.68]).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture and moxibustion can promote the recovery of postoperative gastrointestinal function in the patients with gastric cancer. But, for the comparison among different measures of acupuncture and moxibustion intervention, it needs more high-quality trials for a further verification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Moxibustion/methods , Nausea , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Vomiting
13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 425-428, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927400

ABSTRACT

The paper introduces professor WU Xu 's experience of sequential therapy for peripheral facial paralysis. The sequential therapy refers to a staging treatment, but not rigidly adheres to it. With this therapy, the acupuncture- moxibustion regimen is modified flexibly in line with the specific symptoms of illness. At the acute phase of peripheral facial paralysis, warm acupuncture at Wangu (GB 12) is predominated and electroacupuncture is not recommended at the acupoints on the face. At the recovery phase, warm acupuncture at Zusanli (ST 36) is the main therapy and electroacupuncture is applied to the acupoints on the face appropriately. Besides, for the intractable case, the tapping technique with plum-blossom needle or skin needle should be combined and exerted in the local affected region. At the sequelae phase, in order to shorten the duration of illness, depending on the different types of facial paralysis, i.e. stiffness type, spasmodic type and flaccid type, the corresponding needling techniques are provided, i.e. bloodletting and moxibustion, strong stimulation with contralateral acupuncture and the technique for promoting the governor vessel and warming up yang.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Facial Paralysis/therapy , Moxibustion
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 251-256, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927368

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect among ultrasound-guided electroacupuncture (EA) at suprahyoid muscle group, conventional acupuncture and conventional EA at suprahyoid muscle group on pharyngeal dysphagia after stroke, and to explore its biomechanical mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 patients with pharyngeal dysphagia after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group, a control-1 group and a control-2 group, 40 cases in each group. The patients in the observation group were treated with ultrasound-guided EA at suprahyoid muscle group; the patients in the control-1 group were treated with EA at Lianquan (CV 23), Wangu (GB 12) and Fengchi (GB 20), etc.; the patients in the control-2 group were treated with EA at suprahyoid muscle group according to anatomical location. The EA in the three groups were discontinuous wave, with frequency of 5 Hz and current intensity of 1 mA. The EA was given for 30 minutes, once a day, 6 times were taken as a course of treatment, and 4 courses of treatment were provided. The video floroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) was performed before and after treatment. The Rosenbek penetration-aspiration scale (PAS) score, the forward and upward movement distance of hyoid bone and thyroid cartilage, Ichiro Fujima ingestion-swallowing function score were recorded in the three groups, and the incidences of subcutaneous hematoma were recorded after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the PAS scores were reduced and the Ichiro Fujima ingestion-swallowing function scores were increased after treatment in the three groups (P<0.05); the PAS scores in the observation group were lower than those in the control-1 group and the control-2 group, and the Ichiro Fujima ingestion-swallowing function scores in the observation group were higher than those in the control-1 group and the control-2 group (P<0.05). After treatment, the forward and upward movement distance of hyoid bone and thyroid cartilage in the observation group and the control-2 group was increased (P<0.05), and the forward and upward movement distance of hyoid bone was increased in the control-1 group (P<0.05); the forward and upward movement distance of hyoid bone and thyroid cartilage in the observation group was longer than that in the control-1 group and the control-2 group (P<0.05). The incidence of subcutaneous hematoma in the observation group was 0% (0/40), which was lower than 20.0% (8/40) in the control-1 group and 47.5% (19/40) in the control-2 group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Ultrasound-guided EA at suprahyoid muscle group could improve the swallowing function in patients with pharyngeal dysphagia after stroke by increasing the motion of hyoid laryngeal complex. Its effect and safety are better than conventional acupuncture and conventional EA at suprahyoid muscle group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Muscles , Stroke/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Interventional/adverse effects
15.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 41-45, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935637

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the etiologies and clinical characteristics of fever of unknown origin (FUO) and to provide clues for early diagnosis of FUO. Methods: The data about etiology, age, sex, clinical course, length of hospital stays and the expression levels of inflammatory factors in fever phase of 357 pediatric inpatients who were diagnosed with FUO in Children's Hospital of Fudan University from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2020 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Participants were grouped into infectious disease, inflammatory disease, malignancy and others and according to the classification of diseases and also grouped into those aged<1 year, 1-<3 years,3-<6 years, 6-<12 years and 12-<18 years. Comparisons between groups were performed using the Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis H test and χ² test. Results: Among the 357 patients (217 males and 140 females). The age of onset was 3.9 (1.3, 9.2) years and visiting age was 5.1 (2.0, 9.3) years. The time-consuming of diagnosis was 94 (66, 213) days. The hospital stay was 8 (6, 14) days. The most frequently identified cause of FUO was infectious diseases (163 cases, 45.7%), followed by non-infectious inflammatory diseases (133 cases, 37.2%), malignancy (21 cases, 5.9%) and others (40 cases, 11.2%). The patients at younger age were more likely to be attacked by malignancy, oncologic diagnoses, and others, nevertheless patients at older age were more likely to be attacked by non-infectious inflammatory diseases oppositely (9.8 (3.6, 11.5) vs. 3.0 (1.2, 7.0), 2.3 (1.0, 5.2), 0.9 (0.5, 1.8) years, U=41.30, 15.94, 37.08, all P<0.01);106 (65%) patients were male, and 57 (35%) patients were female. This result indicated that boys were more susceptible to infectious diseases (χ²=14.73, P<0.01). Analysis of inflammatory factors in serum among 103 patients, interleukin (IL)-6 level in 40 infectious diseases patients (9 (2, 38) ng/L) was significantly lower than those of 6 tumor patients (89 (64, 599) ng/L) and 57 non-infectious inflammatory diseases patients (25 (8, 78) ng/L, U=51.05, 15.70, both P<0.05), no significant difference was observed in IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor α and interferon among the groups (all P>0.05). The patients grouped into those aged 1-<3 years and 3-<6 years were more likely to be attacked by infectious diseases (51.3% (59/115) and 57.1% (40/70)), while patients grouped into those aged 6-<12 years and 12-<18 years were more likely to be attacked by non-infectious inflammatory diseases (55.6% (65/117) and 72.4% (21/29)). Conclusions: Infectious disease is still the main cause of FUO in children and the boys are more susceptible to infectious diseases. However, the morbidity of non-infectious inflammatory diseases increases to number 1 in FUO of children over 6 years of age.


Subject(s)
Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Communicable Diseases/complications , Fever of Unknown Origin/etiology , Length of Stay , Neoplasms/complications , Retrospective Studies
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1288-1292, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935000

ABSTRACT

Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy(TAO)is an autoimmune disease that is closely related to thyroid dysfunction. It is one of the most common orbital diseases in adults with complex clinical manifestations. As the disease progresses, it may manifest as proptosis, diplopia, exposure keratitis, corneal ulceration and compressive optic neuropathy, leading to irreversible visual impairment or even blindness. The treatment is lack of specificity and only focuses on clinical symptomatic treatment, the efficacy is uncertain. It is currently a problematic area of ophthalmology. Clinical first-line drug treatment is based on glucocorticoids. Second-line treatments, such as immunosuppressants and radiotherapy, all them have certain limitations. With the in-depth and comprehensive understanding of the disease, a variety of new targeted drugs represented by teprotumumab and rituximab have been developed for the pathogenesis of TAO. Their excellent roles in relieving inflammation and controlling the disease are the future research direction. In this paper, the current status and research progress of conservative treatment of TAO will be reviewed.

17.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 38-45, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932289

ABSTRACT

Malunion is a common complication following a calcaneal fracture which was not treated or treated inappropriately.It is a therapeutic target and a great challenge as well to relieve pain, correct deformity and restore the function of the affected foot in clinical treatment of calcaneal malunion. As a result of researches by scholars at home and abroad focusing on the biomechanical mechanisms underlying the symptoms caused by calcaneal malunion, a variety of corrective calcaneal osteotomy has been widely applied in clinical practice to specifically correct the calcaneal deformity and restore normal calcaneal morphology. This review expounds on the techniques, outcomes, indications and complications of corrective calcaneal osteotomies commonly used in clinic.

18.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1234-1239, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955241

ABSTRACT

Abdominal incisional hernia is caused by poor healing of myofascial layer of abdominal wall and abdominal visceral organs protruding through the defect after abdominal surgery. The incidence of abdominal incisional hernia is 5.0%?20.0%, even higher after hepato-biliary and pancreatic surgery. Although great progress has been made in the methods of abdominal incision closure, hernia repair technology and materials, the overall incidence, repair effect and prognosis of abdominal incisional hernia are still not significantly improved. The incisional hernias after hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery are relatively more complex, and the difficult problems of surgical repair are more prominent, including effectively controlling basic diseases, choosing a better surgical method, reasonably using a variety of abdominal wall defect closure and reconstruction techniques, and reducing the risk of postoperative complications. Relevant guidelines for abdominal incisional hernia repair and abdominal closure have been issued and updated all over the world. In order to improve the treatment of incisional hernia after hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery and improve the prognosis of patients, the authors summarize the difficulties and new progress in the repair of incisional hernia after hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery.

19.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 305-308, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936317

ABSTRACT

We report a case of giant hysteromyoma and complex pelvic adhesion treated by robotic assisted laparoscopic total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingectomy. The patient was diagnosed with uterine fibroids after physical examination in 1998 but did not receive any treatment, and regular examinations reported progressive growth of the fibroids. Ultrasound suggested multiple uterine fibroids, and pelvic MRI indicated large uterine fibroids with bleeding. Robot-assisted laparoscopic total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingectomy were performed after relevant examinations, and the operation was completed smoothly. The patient was discharged 4 days after surgery with good appearance of the abdominal wall and good recovery during the follow-up. With its unique advantages, robot-assisted laparoscopy provides a minimally invasive surgical approach for giant hysterectomy with complex pelvic adhesions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Hysterectomy , Laparoscopy , Leiomyoma/surgery , Robotics , Uterus
20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 45-54, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936283

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct the regulatory network of survival-related onco-miRNAs and their target genes in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and verify the interactions between the key miRNAs and their targets.@*METHODS@#We screened survival-related miRNAs in HCC in OncomiR and Oncolnc databases, predicted their target genes using miRNet, and conducted survival and expression analysis using GEPIA2 and Ualcan, respectively. The miRNA-target gene co-expression analysis was performed and the miRNA-target network was constructed. Enrichment analysis was performed in Enrichr and protein-protein interaction analysis in STRING database. We tested the effects of transfection with the mimic or inhibitor of hsa-miR-1226-3p or hsa-miR-221-5p on proliferation of HepG2 cells using CCK8 assay and examined the changes in the expressions of the target genes using RT-qPCR. The effect of transfection with hsa-miR-221-5p mimic or inhibitor on protein expressions of the target genes was examined using Western blotting in. A dual luciferase reporter assay was used to test the interaction between hsa-miR-221-5p and its potential target gene GCDH. We further examined the effect of transfection with hsa-miR-221-5p mimic and pEGFP N1-GCDH, alone or in combination, on proliferation, migration and invasion of HepG2 cells.@*RESULTS@#We identified 223 survival-related miRNAs in HCC from OncomiR and 146 miRNAs from Oncolnc with an intersection of 131 miRNAs, and 48 miRNAs were identified as onco-miRNAs in HCC after survival and expression analysis. Twenty-seven eligible target genes were identified after miRNA-mRNA co-expression analysis. The constructed miRNA-target gene network consisted of 25 miRNAs and 27 target genes. The most enriched term was fatty acid metabolism for the target genes. In HepG2 cells, transfection with the mimic or inhibitor of hsa-miR-1226-3p or hsa-miR-221-5p caused significant changes of the mRNA and protein levels of their respective target genes (P < 0.05). The results of dual luciferase reporter assay confirmed the targeting relationship between hsa-miR-221-5p and GCDH gene (P < 0.05). Transfection with hsa-miR-221-5p mimic significantly suppressed the proliferation, migration and invasion of HepG2 cells, but this effect was obviously relieved by co-transformation with pEGFP N1-GCDH (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Fatty acid metabolism might be one of the most crucial pathways that mediate the effect of the oncomiRNAs in HCC, and the hsa-miR-221-5p/GCDH axis is an important molecular mechanism for HCC progression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Gene Regulatory Networks , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
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