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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 122-126, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965198

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association of Toll-like receptor 7, CTLA-4 gene polymorphisms and severe asthma. Methods From February 2018 to March 2020, 175 asthma patients admitted to the respiratory department of our hospital were selected as the research subjects (109 cases of mild disease and 66 cases of severe disease), and 248 cases of healthy people who were included in the outpatient physical examination of our hospital during the same period were selected as the normal control group. Toll-like receptor 7 and CTLA-4 gene polymorphisms in the above groups were determined, and the relationship between Toll-like receptor 7 and CTLA-4 polymorphisms and severe asthma was evaluated by calculating the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval(CI). The relationship between the genotypes of Toll-like receptor 7 and CTLA-4 polymorphisms and severe asthma were evaluated by logistic regression analysis. Results The proportion of TLR7 rs3853839 CC genotype, CTLA-4 rs231725 AA genotype, TLR7 rs3853839 C allele frequency and CTLA-4 rs231725 A allele frequency in severe asthma group and mild asthma group were higher than those in normal control group(P<0.05). The proportion of TLR7 rs3853839 CC genotype, the proportion of CTLA-4 rs231725 AA genotype, the frequency of TLR7 rs3853839 C allele, and the frequency of CTLA-4 rs231725 A allele in the severe asthma group were higher than those in the mild asthma group(P<0.05). TLR7 rs3853839 CC genotype (OR=10.32, 95%CI=5.59-23.89), CTLA-4 rs231725 AA genotype (OR=13.21, 95%CI=3.58-20.25), TLR7 rs3853839 C allele frequency (OR=11.32, 95% CI=4.25-21.14) and CTLA-4 rs231725 A allele frequency (OR=13.24, 95% CI=6.59-20.21) could increase the susceptibility to severe asthma(P<0.05). TLR7 rs3853839CC genotype, TLR7 rs3853839C allele frequency, CTLA-4 rs231725AA genotype and CTLA-4 rs231725A allele frequency were risk factors for severe asthma(P<0.05). Conclusion TLR7 rs3853839 CC genotype, TLR7 rs3853839 C allele frequency, CTLA-4 rs231725 AA genotype and CTLA-4 rs231725 A allele frequency are associated with the occurrence of severe asthma.

2.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 106-114, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961836

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the role of structural MRI in the diagnosis of spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) and further evaluate its correlation with disease severity and disease duration. MethodsWe prospectively enrolled 81 genetically diagnosed SCA3 patients [59 symptomatic (sym-SCA3) and 22 pre-symptomatic (pre-SCA3)] and 35 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs). MRI structural images (3D T1 MPRAGE) and clinical data of all subjects were collected. Three observers with different radiological experience measured the width of the superior, middle and inferior cerebellar peduncle (SCP, MCP and ICP), the anterior-posterior diameters of the pons and spinal cord at the levels of the foramen magnum and upper edge of the 3rd-5th cervical vertebra. One observer performed the measurements again 2 months later to assess for the intra- and inter-observer reliability, respectively. One-way ANOVA, rank-sum test, ROC curve and Random Forest were used to evaluate the diagnostic value of the above metrics for SCA3, and the correlation between the metrics and clinical variables was analyzed. ResultsNot depending on the radiological experience, the metrics based on morphological MRI showed high intra- and inter-observer reliability, among which bilateral superior and middle cerebellar peduncles performed best. The diameters of bilateral SCP, MCP, ICP, pons and spinal cord (except spinal cord at the level of the upper edge of the 5th cervical vertebra) decreased successively in HCs, pre-SCA3 and sym-SCA3 with a statistical difference (P<0.017). ROC analysis revealed that the left MCP had the highest diagnostic value for pre-SCA3 (AUC=0.911), with sensitivity, specificity and a cut-off value of 85.7%, 95.5% and 10.15 mm, respectively. In contrast, the right SCP had the highest diagnostic value for sym-SCA3 (AUC=0.999), with sensitivity, specificity and a cut-off value of 100%, 98.3% and 2.62 mm, respectively. The Random Forest model based on the above metrics also had high diagnostic efficiency (AUC= 0.970, specificity=93.1%), and the left MCP contributed the most. Correlation analysis showed that the above metrics had a significantly or moderately negative correlation with the Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA) and disease duration (P<0.05). ConclusionNot depending on radiological experience, measurements of brain structure based on morphological MRI are reliable, which can help diagnose SCA3 and predict disease severity and duration. The left MCP and the right SCP perform best for predicting pre-SCA3 and sym-SCA3, respectively. Therefore, the structural MRI is recommended for assisting the clinical diagnosis of SCA3.

3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 627-633, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984759

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the incidence of radiation-related toxicities between conventional and hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for limited-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC), and to explore the risk factors of hypofractionated radiotherapy-induced toxicities. Methods: Data were retrospectively collected from consecutive limited-stage SCLC patients treated with definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from March 2016 to April 2022. The enrolled patients were divided into two groups according to radiation fractionated regimens. Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, version 5.0) was used to evaluate the grade of radiation esophagus injuries and lung injuries. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with radiation-related toxicities in the hypofractionated radiotherapy group. Results: Among 211 enrolled patients, 108 cases underwent conventional IMRT and 103 patients received hypofractionated IMRT. The cumulative incidences of acute esophagitis grade ≥2 [38.9% (42/108) vs 35.0% (36/103), P=0.895] and grade ≥ 3 [1.9% (2/108) vs 5.8% (6/103), P=0.132] were similar between conventional and hypofractionated IMRT group. Late esophagus injuries grade ≥2 occurred in one patient in either group. No differences in the cumulative incidence of acute pneumonitis grade ≥2[12.0% (13/108) vs 5.8% (6/103), P=0.172] and late lung injuries grade ≥2[5.6% (6/108) vs 10.7% (11/103), P=0.277] were observed. There was no grade ≥3 lung injuries occurred in either group. Using multiple regression analysis, mean esophageal dose ≥13 Gy (OR=3.33, 95% CI: 1.23-9.01, P=0.018) and the overlapping volume between planning target volume (PTV) and esophageal ≥8 cm(3)(OR=3.99, 95% CI: 1.24-12.79, P=0.020) were identified as the independent risk factors associated with acute esophagitis grade ≥2 in the hypofractionated radiotherapy group. Acute pneumonitis grade ≥2 was correlated with presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, P=0.025). Late lung injuries grade ≥2 was correlated with tumor location(P=0.036). Conclusions: Hypofractionated IMRT are tolerated with manageable toxicities for limited-stage SCLC patients treated with IMRT. Mean esophageal dose and the overlapping volume between PTV and esophageal are independently predictive factors of acute esophagitis grade ≥2, and COPD and tumor location are valuable factors of lung injuries for limited-stage SCLC patients receiving hyofractionated radiotherapy. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated/methods , Retrospective Studies , Lung Injury , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiation Injuries/epidemiology , Esophagitis/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications
4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 447-450, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965910

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the incidence of abnormal spinal curvature and related factors among middle school students in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, so as to provide evidence for abnormal spinal curvature prevention and treatment.@*Methods@#By using a random stratified cluster sampling method, 87 908 students of middle and high school students from all 12 counties(districts) were investigated via questionnaires for abnormal spinal curvature and health influencing factors in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Chi square test was used to perform demographic characteristics and univariate analysis, and binary multivariate Logistic regression model was used to screen the risk factors for spinal curvature abnormalities in middle school students.@*Results@#A total of 3 131(3.56%) students with spinal curvature abnormalities were detected, with boys (3.69%) higher than that of girls(3.44%), urban areas (6.15%) higher than that of the suburban counties (2.50%), and high school students ( 4.97 %) higher than that of junior high school(2.73%) students( χ 2=4.01, 702.19, 299.36, P <0.05). The detectable rate of spinal curvature abnormalities increased with grade ( χ 2 trend =309.29, P <0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that factors influencing abnormal spinal curvature included myopia, overweight, obesity, the frequency of classroom seating arrangements, time spent on homework/reading after school every day, time spent in daytime outdoor activities, self imposed requirements for posture of sitting and standing, phase of studying, gender, and area ( OR =0.53-2.55, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Abnormal spinal curvature is strongly correlated to nutritional status, myopia, sitting posture when reading and writing, sedentary time, and time spent in outdoor activities. The collaboration of multiple departments is required to establish anenvironment to protect the spine, early detection and early intervention.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 648-654, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965794

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the changes in corneal aberrations and the characteristics of visual quality after transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy(T-PRK)and femtosecond small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)in the correction of low myopia.METHODS: Prospective cohort study. A total of 32 cases(32 eyes)with low myopia who underwent T-PRK surgery and 45 cases(45 eyes)of SMILE surgery at Weifang Eye Hospital from April 2021 to April 2022 were selected. The uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA), best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), spherical equivalent(SE), corneal higher-order aberrations(HOAs)and objective visual quality were compared between the two groups.RESULTS:All patients completed the surgery successfully without complications such as infection. At 3mo postoperatively, the safety index was 1.13±0.16 and 1.16±0.17(P=0.48)and the efficacy index was 1.10±0.20 and 1.15±0.18(P=0.27)in the T-PRK and SMILE groups, respectively. The percentage of UCVA(LogMAR)≤0 in the T-PRK and SMILE groups was 94% and 98%, respectively. The percentage of the residual SE within ±0.5D was 88% and 87% in the two groups, respectively. The HOAs and spherical aberration in both groups were significantly increased(P≤0.01), and the increase was not statistically significant between the two groups(P=0.31, 0.89). There was no significant change in horizontal coma, horizontal trefoil and vertical trefoil in both groups(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). The vertical coma in SMILE group was significantly increased(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001), while there was no significant change in T-PRK group(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05), and the increase was significantly greater in SMILE group than in T-PRK group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001). There was no significant difference in objective scattering index(OSI), modulation transfer function cut off frequency(MTFcut off), Strehl ratio(SR), visual acuity(VA)100%, VA20% and VA9% between the two groups(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION:Both T-PRK and SMILE showed good safety, efficacy, and visual quality in correcting low myopia, while SMILE induced more vertical coma than T-PRK.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 567-572, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965778

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the short-term visual quality outcomes after femtosecond laser small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)and evolution implantable collamer lens(EVO-ICL)implantation for the correction of moderate myopia.METHODS: Prospective control study. A total of 51 cases(51 eyes)with moderate myopia who underwent SMILE or EVO-ICL implantation surgery at Weifang Eye Hospital from April 2021 to February 2022 were selected. They were divided into SMILE group(30 patients, 30 eyes)and EVO-ICL group(21 patients, 21 eyes)according to the surgical methods. The changes of visual acuity [uncorrected distance visual acuity(UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity(CDVA)], diopter [spherical equivalent(SE)] and related parameters of optical quality analysis system(OQAS Ⅱ)were observed before surgery and at 1wk, 1 and 3mo after surgery, and the quality of vision(QoV)questionnaire was completed.RESULTS: At 3mo after surgery, the safety index(postoperative CDVA/preoperative CDVA)of SMILE gruop and EVO-ICL group were 1.20(1.00, 1.20)and 1.20(1.00, 1.38), respectively, the efficacy index(postoperative UDVA/preoperative CDVA)were 1.00(1.00, 1.20)and 1.00(1.00, 1.20), respectively, and the percentage of SE within ±0.50D was 87% and 100%, respectively. In SMILE group, the objective scattering index(OSI)was increased after surgery, while modulation transfer function cutoff frequency(MTF cutoff), contrast visual acuity(VA)100%, and VA20% at 1wk and 1mo after surgery, and Strehl ratio(SR)and VA9% at each time point after surgery were all decreased compared with those before surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The OSI, MTF cutoff, SR and VA of EVO-ICL group showed no difference at each time point after surgery compared with those before surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). The most common visual symptoms after SMILE and EVO-ICL implantation were visual haze and halos, respectively.CONCLUSION: Both SMILE and EVO-ICL implantation have good safety, efficacy and predictability in the short term after the correction of moderate myopia. Both groups had visual symptoms after surgery, but the overall satisfaction of patients was high. Furthermore, EVO-ICL implantation has better objective visual quality performance.

7.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 401-409, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985938

ABSTRACT

Objective: Clinical manifestations, imaging findings, pathologic features, and genetic mutations of Chinese adult patients with cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) were analyzed in order to achieve a greater understanding of CTX that can improve early detection, diagnosis, and treatment. Methods: Clinical data including medical history, neurologic and auxiliary examinations, imaging findings, and genetic profile were collected for an adult patient with CTX admitted to the Sixth Medical Center of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital in August 2020. Additionally, a systematic review of genetically diagnosed Chinese adult CTX cases reported in major databases in China and other countries was performed and age of onset, first symptoms, common signs and symptoms, pathologic findings, imaging changes, and gene mutations were analyzed. Results: The proband was a 39-year-old female with extensive, early-onset nervous system manifestations including cognitive dysfunction and ataxia. Systemic lesions included juvenile cataract and a tendon mass. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging revealed cerebral atrophy, symmetric white matter changes predominantly in the pyramidal tract, and lesions in the cerebellar dentate nucleus. A novel homozygous mutation in the sterol-27-hydroxylase (CYP27A1) gene (c.1477-2A>C) was identified. There were no family members with similar clinical presentation although some were carriers of the c.1477-2A>C mutation. The patient showed a good response to deoxycholic acid treatment. Totally there were 56 cases of adult CTX patients in China, mostly in East China (31/56, 55.4%), at a male-to-female ratio of 1.8 to 1. Multiple organs and tissues including nervous system, tendon, lens, lung, and skeletal muscle were affected in these cases. The most common neurologic manifestations were cognitive dysfunction (44/52, 84.6%) and ataxia (44/51, 86.3%). The cases were characterized by early onset, chronic progressive damage of multiple systems, long disease course, and delayed diagnosis, making the disease difficult to manage clinically and resulting in poor prognosis. The 2 most common genetic mutations in Chinese adult CTX patients were c.1263+1G>A and c.379C>T. Exon 2 of the CYP27A1 gene was identified as a mutation hot spot. Conclusions: Chinese adult patients with CTX have complex clinical characteristics, a long diagnostic cycle, and various CYP27A1 gene mutations. Early diagnosis and intervention can improve the prognosis of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Xanthomatosis, Cerebrotendinous/pathology , Pedigree , Cholestanetriol 26-Monooxygenase/genetics , Mutation , Ataxia
8.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 868-876, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985489

ABSTRACT

Objective: This article investigated the clinical characteristics and distribution of drug resistance mutation sites in HBV RT region of hepatitis B infected patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis was made on 1 948 patients with HBV infection, who had been tested for NAs resistance mutation and had a medical history of NAs in the Laboratory Department of the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from January 2020 to December 2021. Basic clinical information and drug resistance related mutation information were recorded. Meanwhile, the serological index data of hepatitis B were collected. Drug resistance gene mutant group and non-mutated group were grouped according to whether the drug resistance genes had a mutation in HBV RT region, and the clinical characteristics and genotype distribution of the two groups were statistically analyzed. The pattern of drug resistance gene mutation, number of mutation sites, drug resistance type and mutation of NAs resistance-related sites were analyzed in 917 patients with drug resistance gene mutation in HBV RT region. χ2 Inspection was used for counting data. Meanwhile, two independent samples t-test and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used for measurement data. Results: Among the 1 948 patients with chronic HBV infection, 917 patients had drug resistance gene mutation in RT region (47.07%). The proportion of patients with acute hepatitis B and CHB in HBV RT resistance gene mutant group was lower than that in the non-mutated group, while the proportion of patients with HBV-related cirrhosis was higher than that in the non-mutated group, these differences were statistically significant. Compared with the non-mutated group in HBV RT region, the age, the positive rates of HBeAg and HBV DNA, and HBV DNA load of these patients were increased in drug resistance gene mutant group, these differences were statistically significant. Genotypes of patients in both groups were dominated by C, followed by B and D. The proportion of patients with genotype C in HBV RT drug resistance gene mutant group was higher than that of non-mutated group, the difference was statistically significant. There were 53 gene mutation patterns in 917 patients with drug resistance gene mutation in HBV RT region, and the main pattern was rtL180M+rtM204V+rtS202G (9.70%). The mutation sites were dominated by 3 (20.74%). There were 5 types of drug resistance, LAM+Ldt (21.25%) was the most. Among the 18 sites that were clearly associated with LAM, ADV, ETV and Ldt resistance in the HBV RT region, 14 sites were mutated, and the most common mutation sites were rtL180M, rtM204V, rtM204 and rtS202G. what's more, the proportion of patients with NAs drug resistance was LAM>Ldt>ETV>ADV. Conclusion: In order to prevent adverse consequences of this study such as disease recurrence or disease progression caused by HBV drug resistance, HBV infected patients, who have long-term use of NAs antiviral therapy, should monitor the level of HBV DNA and drug resistance genes in HBV RT region in order to optimize the treatment plan in time or guide individualized treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Mutation , Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics , Lamivudine/therapeutic use
9.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 19-26, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995692

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical significance of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA detection in screening patients with hepatitis B.Methods:Clinical data of 682 331 hepatitis B patients were retrospectively analyzed. The HBV DNA of these patients was detected in the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from January 2017 to December 2021, there were 481 159 males and 201 172 females in this cohort, the average age was (41.34±16.13) years. Patients were divided into HBV DNA positive group (219 879 cases) and HBV DNA negative group (462 452 cases). Clinical characteristics, data of five serologic markers of hepatitis B and hepatitis B surface antigen quantification (HBsAg-QN), liver function, alpha fetoprotein (AFP) and prothrombin time (PT) results were collected and analyzed and compared between the two groups.Results:The positive rate of HBV DNA was 32.22% (219 879/682 331) in this cohort. Among the different age groups, the positive rate of HBV DNA was the highest (40.34%, 128 038/317 380) in young people aged 18-44 years. The proportion of patients was lower among aged <1, 45-59 and ≥60 years patients in HBV DNA positive group than that in HBV DNA negative group, while the proportion of patients was higher among aged 1-17 and 18-44 years patients in HBV DNA positive group than that in HBV DNA negative group (all P<0.001). Among 2 291 <1-year-old infants tested for HBV DNA, 71 infants were HBV DNA positive. The positive rates of HBV DNA from 2017 to 2021 were 4.86% (27/556), 3.68% (14/380), 3.47% (17/490), 1.55% (6/386) and 1.46% (7/479) respectively, showing a downward trend year by year. The positive rate of HBV DNA in acute hepatitis B (AHB) patients was the highest (49.88%, 208/417) among 680 040 patients with hepatitis B. The proportion of AHB patients (0.09%, 208/219 808) and chronic hepatitis B (80.44%, 176 806/219 808) in HBV DNA positive group was higher than that in HBV DNA negative group [0.05% (209/460 232) and 65.45% (301, 216/460 232)], while the proportion of patients with HBV-related liver cirrhosis (11.28%, 24 793/219 808), HBV-related liver cancer (6.72%, 14 775/219 808), liver cancer surgery (1.39%, 3 055/219 808) and liver transplantation (0.08%, 171/219 808) were lower than that in HBV DNA negative group [22.99% (105 813/460 232), 7.25% (33 385/460 232), 3.50% (16 129/460 232) and 0.76% (3 480/460 232)] (all P<0.001). At the same time, positive rate of hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg), HBsAg-QN, hepatitis B e antigen (HbeAg), level of total bilirubin, total bilirubin, AFP and PT were higher in HBV DNA positive group than those in HBV DNA negative group, while the age, male ratio and albumin results in HBV DNA positive group were lower than those in HBV DNA negative group (all P<0.01). The HBV DNA loads were higher in HBsAg positive group, hepatitis B surface antibody positive group and HBeAg positive group than those in respective negative groups, while the HBV DNA loads were lower in hepatitis B e antibody positive group and hepatitis B core antibody positive group than those in respective negative groups (all P<0.001). Conclusions:The mother to child transmission rate of<1-year-old infants decreases year by year. HBV DNA is an important factor for the progression of hepatitis B disease. HBV DNA positive hepatitis B patients with higher HBsAg-QN values are more likely to have abnormal serum markers such as liver dysfunction. HBV DNA detection is therefore of clinical importance in screening patients with hepatitis B.

10.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 511-516, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995217

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical characteristics of patients with difficulty in decannulation after a tracheotomy in a neurological intensive care unit.Methods:A total of 122 patients undergoing tracheotomy were divided into a decannulation success group ( n=73) and a difficult decannulation group ( n=49). The Full Outline of Unresponsiveness (FOUR) and the revised version of the Coma Recovery Scale (CRS-R) were used to assess the consciousness of those in both groups. Their swallowing ability, airway anatomy, secretion retention and aspiration were documented using the Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS), fiberoptic endoscopic examination, Marianjoy′s 5-point secretion severity scale and the penetration-aspiration scale (PAS). Univariate analysis and multiva-riate logistic regression analysis were conducted to isolate risk factors. Results:The univariate analysis showed that age, status of consciousness, swallowing ability, secretion retention, aspiration and opening of the glottis may be indicators of difficult decannulation after a tracheotomy among those with severe neurological diseases. The logistic regression analysis found that too much retention of pharyngeal secretions and insufficient opening of the glottis should also be treated as risk factors for difficult decannulation with such patients.Conclusions:Too much retention of pharyngeal secretions and poor opening of the glottis are independent risk factors for difficult decannulation after a tracheotomy. Endoscopic examination can play an important role in the prediction and treatment of difficult decannulation.

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 656-660, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992355

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence of high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) negative cervical lesions in the screening population, and based on this, to preliminarily evaluate the potential harm (missed diagnosis) and benefits (reduced colposcopy referral) of HPV primary screening compared to combined screening so as to provide reference for the selection of cervical cancer primary screening methods.Methods:This study was a single center cross-sectional study. Women who underwent joint screening [hrHPV typing test combined with cervical liquid based cytology test (LCT)] at the Union Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2019 were included in the cervical cancer screening. The proportion of hrHPV negative cytological abnormalities and cervical lesions in the population was analyzed and the theoretical colposcopy referral rate of the combined screening and HPV initial screening protocol was calculated. In the population with cervical pathological results, the number of colposcopy examinations required for the diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 and above (CIN2+ ) was calculated.Results:A total of 35 321 screened women were included. The overall incidence of hrHPV infection, LCT abnormalities and severe LCT abnormalities in the population was 17.13%(6 051/35 321), 18.07%(6 384/35 321), and 3.97%(1 402/35 321), respectively. The negative rate of hrHPV in women with severe cervical cytology abnormalities was as high as 51.28%(719/1 402), and in CIN2+ lesions diagnosed by cervical biopsy, hrHPV negative accounted for 7.15% (49/685). The theoretical colposcopy referral rates for combined screening and initial HPV screening were 11.28%(3 985/35 321) and 8.33%(2 943/35 321), respectively, with an average diagnosis of CIN2+ requiring 3.51 and 2.81 colposcopy examinations, respectively.Conclusions:In the opportunistic screening population, the proportion of hrHPV negative CIN2+ lesions cannot be ignored, and the HPV initial screening strategy may cause missed diagnosis of these lesions. However, compared to combined screening, HPV initial screening has the potential to improve the efficiency of colposcopy. These results suggest that we should carefully choose the HPV initial screening plan.

12.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 603-615, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991168

ABSTRACT

Intensive cancer treatment with drug combination is widely exploited in the clinic but suffers from inconsistent pharmacokinetics among different therapeutic agents.To overcome it,the emerging nanomedicine offers an unparalleled opportunity for encapsulating multiple drugs in a nano-carrier.Herein,a two-step super-assembled strategy was performed to unify the pharmacokinetics of a pep-tide and a small molecular compound.In this proof-of-concept study,the bioinformatics analysis firstly revealed the potential synergies towards hepatoma therapy for the associative inhibition of exportin 1(XPO1)and ataxia telangiectasia mutated-Rad3-related(ATR),and then a super-assembled nano-pill(gold nano drug carrier loaded AZD6738 and 97-110 amino acids of apoptin(AP)(AA@G))was con-structed through camouflaging AZD6738(ATR small-molecule inhibitor)-binding human serum albumin onto the AP-Au supramolecular nanoparticle.As expected,both in vitro and in vivo experiment results verified that the AA@G possessed extraordinary biocompatibility and enhanced therapeutic effect through inducing cell cycle arrest,promoting DNA damage and inhibiting DNA repair of hepatoma cell.This work not only provides a co-delivery strategy for intensive liver cancer treatment with the clinical translational potential,but develops a common approach to unify the pharmacokinetics of peptide and small-molecular compounds,thereby extending the scope of drugs for developing the advanced com-bination therapy.

13.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 201-208, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991135

ABSTRACT

Polysaccharides exhibit multiple pharmacological activities which are closely related to their structural features.Therefore,quantitatively quality control of polysaccharides based on their chemical charac-teristics is important for their application in biomedical and functional food sciences.However,poly-saccharides are mixed macromolecular compounds that are difficult to isolate and lack standards,making them challenging to quantify directly.In this study,we proposed an improved saccharide mapping method based on the release of specific oligosaccharides for the assessment of Hericium eri-naceus polysaccharides from laboratory cultured and different regions of China.Briefly,a polysaccharide from H.erinaceus was digested by β-(1-3)-glucanase,and the released specific oligosaccharides were labeled with 8-aminopyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonic-acid(APTS)and separated by using micellar electrokinetic chromatography(MEKC)coupled with laser induced fluorescence(LIF),and quantitatively estimated.MEKC presented higher resolution compared to polysaccharide analysis using carbohydrate gel elec-trophoresis(PACE),and provided great peak capacity between oligosaccharides with polymerization degree of 2(DP2)and polymerization degree of 6(DP6)in a dextran ladder separation.The results of high performance size exclusion chromatography coupled with multi-angle laser light scattering and refractive index detector(HPSEC-MALLS-RI)showed that 12 h was sufficient for complete digestion of polysaccharides from H.erinaceus.Laminaritriose(DP3)was used as an internal standard for quantifi-cation of all the oligosaccharides.The calibration curve for DP3 showed a good linear regression(R2>0.9988).The limit of detection(LOD)and limit of quantification(LOQ)values were 0.05 μg/mL and 0.2 μg/mL,respectively.The recovery for DP3 was 87.32(±0.03)%in the three independent injections.To sum up,this proposed method is helpful for improving the quality control of polysaccharides from H.erinaceus as well as other materials.

14.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 125-130, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990000

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of goals-activity-motor enrichment(GAME) therapy on the function of gross and fine motion in infants at high risk of cerebral palsy.Methods:Prospective study.A total of 116 children at high risk of cerebral palsy who met the inclusion criteria and were admitted to the Rehabilitation Department of Qingdao Women and Children′s Hospital from November 2017 to November 2019 were selected in a randomized, single-blind, controlled trial, and randomly divided into control group (58 cases) and observation group (58 cases) according to the random number table method.The two groups were then divided into mild group, moderate group and severe group according to the gross motor quotient(GMQ) of Peabody Motor Development Scale-2 (PDMS-2). During treatment, 4 cases of shedding occurred in the control group and 8 cases in the observation group, respectively.Finally, 54 cases were included in the control group and 50 cases in the observation group.The control group was given regular early intervention rehabilitation, whereas the observation group was given GAME treatment.The Gross Motor Function Measure-88 (GMFM-88), the GMQ of PDMS-2 and the fine motor quotient (FMQ) of PDMS-2 were used to assess the motor function of children before intervention and after 12 weeks of treatment.The Chi- square test or Fisher′ s exact test was used to compare gender-specific data, while the t-test was used to compare age-specific data and rehabilitation evaluation indices. Results:The GMFM-88 scores, GMQ, and FMQ of children in both groups improved significantly after treatment, and the difference was statistically significant [control group GMFM-88: (63.52±10.06) scores vs.(47.02±8.19) scores, t=-19.770, GMQ: 83.02±15.52 vs.73.56±14.72, t=-18.180, FMQ: 81.19±14.88 vs.71.22±13.92, t=-18.413, all P<0.05; observation group GMFM-88: (68.06±10.82) scores vs.(46.16±8.73) scores, t=-32.856, GMQ: 89.98±18.10 vs.72.94±13.84, t=-17.089, FMQ: 88.34±18.08 vs.72.26±13.74, t=-15.370, all P<0.05], and the GMFM-88, GMQ, and FMQ scores of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group after treatment, with statistically significant differences(GMFM-88: t=-2.176, GMQ: t=-2.111, FMQ: t=-2.210, all P<0.05). In the observation group, the added value score and quotient of mild group and moderate group were significantly increased compared with that of severe group, and the differences were statistically significant [GMFM-88 added value: the mild group (24.11±3.36) scores and moderate group (22.91±3.46) scores were compared with the severe group (15.70±4.08) scores, t=5.881, 5.164, all P<0.05, GMQ added value: the mild group (19.61±6.83) and moderate group (18.27±6.61) were compared with the severe group (9.80±4.29), t=4.098, 3.915, all P<0.05, the added value of FMQ: mild group (18.72±7.11) and moderate group (17.36±6.10) were compared with severe group (8.50±5.82), t=3.873, 3.863, all P<0.05]. Conclusions:GAME treatment is more effective than early rehabilitation training at improving gross and fine motor function in infants at high risk of cerebral palsy.Its benefits on mild and moderate infants at high risk of cerebral palsy are superior.

15.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 28-32, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989515

ABSTRACT

Small bowel capsule endoscopy and double-balloon enteroscopy have become new methods for clinical diagnosis of radiation enteritis (RE) , especially for abnormal intestinal tissue. Targeted biopsy or interventional therapy is expected to achieve precision treatment of RE. The screening of molecular markers in biological samples has also become a new direction for RE diagnosis. Fecal microbiota transplantation has become one of the promising treatments for RE. In addition, mechanism studies based on traditional Chinese medicine, targeted cell death, and omics analysis provide rich strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of RE.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1304-1307, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988836

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the correlation between school bullying and depressive symptoms comorbidity and dietary patterns among middle school students in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2021, so as to provide reference for the prevention of school bullying and depressive symptoms.@*Methods@#In September 2021, stratified random cluster sampling was used to select 87 414 middle school students in 12 leagues in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) was used to assess depression, and the bullying was determined according to the items related to bullying in the program of Chinese National Surveillance on Students Common Diseases and Risk Factors.@*Results@#In 2021, the detection rate of depressive symptoms among middle school students in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region was 15.24%, school bullying was 3.02%, and the co-occurrence of school bullying and depression was 1.64%. Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that junior high school students ( OR =1.52) and girls ( OR =1.10) were more likely to suffer from comorbidity of school bullying and depression ( P < 0.05). Eating fried food less than one and more than once a day, smoking and drinking were positively correlated with school bullying and depression comorbidity ( OR =2.15,2.11,2.14,1.70, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The combination of bullying and depression among middle school students in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is affected by various dietary methods. In terms of diet, reducing the intake of fried food, no smoking, no drinking can effectively reduce the incidence of co-occurrence school bullying and depression.

17.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 481-485, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986916

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and complications of esophageal foreign bodies of button battery ingestion in children. Methods: A retrospective descriptive study included 83 children who were hospitalized in our hospital on account of button battery ingestion from January 2011 to December 2021. There were 50 males (60.2%) and 33 females (39.8%). The age ranged from 7.6 months to one month off 10 years, with a median age of 18 months. The data of patient demographics and time from ingestion to admission, location, symptoms, management, complications, and follow-up outcome were recorded. SPSS17.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: Seventy-two children (86.7%) were younger than 3 years old. The time from ingestion to admission ranged from 1 h to 2 months, with a median time of 8 h. Among the 63 children who were first diagnosed in our hospital, the most common clinical symptoms were nausea and vomiting (32 cases, 50.8%), dysphagia (31 cases, 49.2%), salivation (11 cases, 17.5%) and fever (10 cases, 15.9%). Seventy-three of 83 cases had complete preoperative diagnostic tests, and 55 cases (75.3%) were diagnosed by X-ray. In 56 cases (76.7%), the foreign badies were impacted in the upper third of esophagus. In 72 cases (86.7%), the foreign badies were removed by rigid esophagoscopy. 23 (27.7%) had serious complications, including tracheoesophageal fistula in 15 cases(TEF;65.2%), vocal cord paralysis (VCP;34.8%) in 8 cases, esophageal perforation in 3 cases (EP;13.0%), hemorrhage in 3 cases(13.0%), mediastinitis in 3 cases (13%), and periesophageal abscess in 1 case (4.3%). There were significant differences in the exposure time of foreign bodies and unwitnessed ingestion by guardians in the complications group (P<0.05). 2 cases died (2.4%)respectively due to arterial esophageal fistula bleeding and respiratory failure caused by stent displacement during the treatment of tracheoesophageal fistula. Conclusion: Accidental button battery ingestion can be life-threatening. and it mostly happens in children under 3 years old. Serious complications may happen cause of non-specific clinical manifestations and unwitnessed ingestions. Anterior and lateral chest X-ray is the first examination choice. Tracheoesophageal fistula is the most common serious complication.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Tracheoesophageal Fistula/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Eating
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 822-829, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980823

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) can significantly improve the outcomes of preterm infants. This study aimed to describe the ACS use rates among preterm infants admitted to Chinese neonatal intensive care units (NICU) and to explore perinatal factors associated with ACS use, using the largest contemporary cohort of very preterm infants in China.@*METHODS@#This cross-sectional study enrolled all infants born at 24 +0 to 31 +6 weeks and admitted to 57 NICUs of the Chinese Neonatal Network from January 1st, 2019 to December 30th, 2019. The ACS administration was defined as at least one dose of dexamethasone and betamethasone given before delivery. Multiple logistic regressions were applied to determine the association between perinatal factors and ACS usage.@*RESULTS@#A total of 7828 infants were enrolled, among which 6103 (78.0%) infants received ACS. ACS use rates increased with increasing gestational age (GA), from 177/259 (68.3%) at 24 to 25 weeks' gestation to 3120/3960 (78.8%) at 30 to 31 weeks' gestation. Among infants exposed to ACS, 2999 of 6103 (49.1%) infants received a single complete course, and 33.4% (2039/6103) infants received a partial course. ACS use rates varied from 30.2% to 100% among different hospitals. Multivariate regression showed that increasing GA, born in hospital (inborn), increasing maternal age, maternal hypertension and premature rupture of membranes were associated with higher likelihood to receive ACS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The use rate of ACS remained low for infants at 24 to 31 weeks' gestation admitted to Chinese NICUs, with fewer infants receiving a complete course. The use rates varied significantly among different hospitals. Efforts are urgently needed to propose improvement measures and thus improve the usage of ACS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Pregnancy , Female , Gestational Age , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Cross-Sectional Studies , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1922-1930, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978666

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of ethanol extract of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (SGE) on endogenous metabolites in toes of rats with inflammatory pain induced by complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) based on 1H NMR metabolomics, which would provide foundation for revealing the effects and mechanisms of SGE in improving inflammatory pain. This animal experiment was approved by the Committee on the Ethics of Animal Experiments of Shanxi University (SXULL2022062). The rats model of inflammatory pain was induced by subcutaneous injection of CFA (0.1 mL), and the effect of low, medium and high doses of SGE (1.5, 3, 6 g·kg-1) on inflammatory pain were explored. The effects of SGE on relieving inflammatory pain was evaluated by mechanical nociceptive thresholds (MNTs) test. Western blot was used to detect the effects of SGE on protein expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) and phospho-NF-κB (p-NF-κB). 1H NMR metabolomics was used to analyze the regulatory effects of SGE on endogenous metabolites in the toes of rats with inflammatory pain. The results showed that SGE (6 g·kg-1) could significantly relieve CFA-induced inflammatory pain, and also notably inhibit the protein expression of COX-2, NF-κB and p-NF-κB. SGE could markedly reverse the changes of 8 differential metabolites, such as glycine, glutamine, succinate, phosphorylcholine, etc. The metabolites were involved in eight metabolic pathways, such as glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism, glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism, glutathione metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism. These results suggest that SGE may relieve inflammatory pain by regulating NF-κB signaling pathway and metabolic abnormality.

20.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 491-496, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973347

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the early and mid-term clinical effect of occupational therapy on patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) during perioperative period. MethodsFrom July to August, 2018, 100 patients who underwent the first TKA in the First Affiliated Hospital of USTC were divided into control group (n = 50) and observation group (n = 50) according to the treatment plan. Both groups received routine preoperative rehabilitation education, surgical treatment and postoperative physical therapy, in addition, the observation group received perioperative occupational therapy. They were assessed with modified Barthel Index (MBI) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) before operation; one, two and three days after operation; on the day of discharge; one month, three months and six months after operation. ResultsOne day, two days, one month, three months and six months after operation, the scores of MBI were higher in the observation group than in the control group (t > 2.113, P < 0.05). One month, three months after operation, the scores of IADL were significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group (t > 5.125, P < 0.001). The postoperative hospitalization time was significantly shorter (t = -5.356, P < 0.001), and the total treatment cost was lower (t = -2.455, P < 0.05) in the observation group than in the control group. ConclusionOccupational therapy could effectively improve the early and mid-term activities of daily living of TKA patients and help them return to normal life earlier.

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