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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 452-456, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920428

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the subjective visual quality, reading fluency and patient satisfaction after a unilateral or bilateral implantation of the Tecnis Symfony extended depth of focus intraocular lens(IOL)with cataract.<p>METHODS: The retrospective analysis on the 48 patients(71 eyes)with cataract phacomulsification surgery in our hospital, which were randomly divided into two groups. The bilateral group with 23 patients(46 eyes)bilateral implanted the Symfony extended depth of focus IOL, the unilateral group with 25 patients(25 eyes)implanted the Symfony IOL in one eye and an aspherical monofocal IOL in the other eye. The uncorrected distance visual acuity(UDVA), uncorrected intermediate distance visual acuity(UIVA), uncorrected near distance visual acuity(UNVA), and best corrected distance visual acuity(BCVA)were measured 3, 6mo after surgery. The contrast sensitivity, reading fluency, reading speed, patient satisfaction and the occurrence of complications were also observed.<p>RESULTS: In the unilateral group, there were no significant differences in the UDVA and BCVA between an eye with the Symfony IOL and an eye with monofocal IOL 3mo after surgery(P>0.05). After 6mo of surgery, UDVA were significantly better than pre-operation in two groups, average visual acuity of LogMAR was under 0.1. There were no significant differences in UDVA, BCVA, UIVA and UNVA between two groups(P>0.05). The patients'far, intermediate, and near distances satisfaction were higher after 3mo of surgery. There were no statistically significant differences in spatial frequency contrast sensitivity between the two groups under photopic/mesopic conditions and mesopic with glare 6mo after surgery. The scores of satisfactions for reading fluency were better in the bilateral group than in the unilateral group(P>0.05). After 6mo, the reading speed of binocular group was slightly higher than the unilateral group(P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between two groups(P >0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The Symfony extended depth of focus IOL provides good far, intermediate, and near visual acuity in the bilateral group and the unilateral group, while maintaining the same level of visual quality. In both groups over 90% patients were spectacle independent. Symfony IOL has widely adaptability and highly predictability, patients can obtain better satisfactions for reading fluency and reading speed. It is more suitable for intermediate vision.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910795

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the advantage of three-phase bone scintigraphy combined with SPECT/CT over three-phase bone scintigraphy in the differential diagnosis of periprosthetic infection from prosthesis loosening in patients after prosthesis replacement.Methods:Seventy patients (27 males, 43 females, age (69.5±10.5) years) who were suspected with prosthesis loosening or periprosthetic infection underwent 99Tc m-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) three-phase bone scintigraphy and SPECT/CT from October 2008 to November 2019 in Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University were retrospectively reviewed. All patients had pathological diagnoses based on surgical resection or lesion biopsy. The diagnostic efficiency of three-phase bone scintigraphy images and three-phase bone scintigraphy combined with SPECT/CT were evaluated. χ2 test was used for data analysis. Results:Among 70 patients, 34(48.6%, 34/70) were diagnosed as periprosthetic infection and 36(51.4%, 36/70) were diagnosed as prosthesis loosening. Using three-phase bone scintigraphy for the differential diagnosis of bone lesions, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 94.1%(32/34), 77.8%(28/36), 85.7%(60/70), 80.0%(32/40) and 93.3%(28/30), when combined with SPECT/CT, the corresponding results were 94.1%(32/34), 94.4%(34/36), 94.3%(66/70), 94.1%(32/34), 94.4%(34/36), respectively. The specificity and accuracy were increased ( χ2 values: 4.167, 4.167, both P=0.031). Conclusion:Combination of three-phase bone scintigraphy with SPECT/CT can provide added value over three-phase bone scintigraphy for differential diagnosis in patients with periprosthetic loosening or periprosthetic infection.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908931

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether the action research on the pre-service training evaluation system of "Internet + TCM Nursing" guided by CIPP (context, input, process and product) and Kirkpatrick Model can improve the training effect of nursing staff under the background of internet and TCM nursing service.Methods:Taking 211 nurses of "Internet + TCM Nursing" in Guangdong Provincial Hospital of TCM from 2019 to 2020 as the research objects, action teams were made, and the data were collected and analyzed by various methods. According to the collected data, the action teams constructed the training scheme of "Internet + TCM Nursing", the compilation requirements of "internet + TCM Nursing", the case optimization scheme of "internet + TCM Nursing" process, and the evaluation model of "internet + TCM Nursing". After the training, the nurses' knowledge, skills and related attitudes, the general reaction and feelings to the training programs, and the evaluation of nurses' work performance by the competent leaders, medical staff and clients were compared by comparing their scores and issuing self-made questionnaires. SPSS 20.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Results:The results showed that the theoretical scores of nurses after training were (85.16±6.22) points, and the case assessment scores after training [(81.22±7.03) points] were higher than the previous theoretical scores [(61.23±12.90) points] and the case assessment scores [(59.54±14.41) points], with statistical significance ( P<0.001). The results of self-made questionnaire showed that there were significant differences in theoretical knowledge, skills and related attitudes among nurses after training ( P<0.001). In the process of training, there were statistically significant differences in training content, teacher training, training implementation and training guarantee at the end of training ( P<0.001). After training, there were significant differences in the evaluation of nurses' job performance by leaders in charge, medical staff and clients improved in knowledge and skills, professional ethics, working process and learning ability, and the improvement rate ( P<0.001). Conclusion:Action research is an effective research method to continuously improve nursing training. The optimization scheme of "internet + TCM Nursing" nurses based on CIPP and Kirkpatrick Model through action research can effectively improve the training effect.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907728

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of esmolol on young and middle-aged patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction.Methods:Patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction from January 2008 to August 2020 were collected to obtain the basic information and clinical indicators. According to the clinical medication, the patients were divided into metoprolol group and esmolol group. The metoprolol group ( n=189) received routine esmolol, and the esmolol group ( n=104) received esmolol, intravenous injection, and then metoprolol sustained-release tablets. The clinical indexes, Gensini score, Killip grade, esmolol status and cardiac function after 7 d and 3 months of treatment were compared between the two groups. Results:Compared with the metoprolol group, the triglyceride (TG) was significantly higher, and the alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST were significantly lower in the esmolol group (all P<0.05). The C-reactive protein (CRP), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and Gensini scores of culprit vessels in the esmolol group were lower than those in the metoprolol group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in cardiac function between the two groups within 7 d after treatment ( P>0.05). After 3 months of treatment, the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was higher and left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVDD) was lower than those in the metoprolol group ( P<0.05). The number of postperative, ventricular tachycardia, shock and death in the esmolol group were lower than those in the metoprolol group, but the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Intravenous infusion of esmolol in young and middle-aged patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction can significantly improve the myocardial injury, liver function and cardiac function in prognosis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905921

ABSTRACT

Objective:To control the quality of the reference sample of Wenjingtang by establishing the specific chromatograms. Method:On the basis of analyzing 15 batches of Wenjingtang freeze-dried powder samples, a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) specific chromatogram analysis method of Wenjingtang was established. The system adaptability was investigated and the retention time, relative retention value and deviation caused by different chromatographic columns and instruments were calculated by using the same brand of chromatographic columns, four different brands of chromatographic columns and instruments from three different manufacturers. The precision, repeatability and stability of this method was further completed. The possible chemical components of the freeze-dried powders were speculated and identified by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS<italic><sup>n</sup></italic>). Chromatographic separation was performed on ACQUITY UPLC BEH C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with acetonitrile (A)-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (B) as mobile phase for gradient elution (0-2.8 min, 10%A; 2.8-8.0 min, 10%-18%A; 8.0-12.2 min, 18%-25%A; 12.2-15.3 min, 25%-40%A; 15.3-17.4 min, 40%A; 17.4-20.5 min, 40%-90%A), and column temperature was set at 30 ℃ with flow rate of 0.4 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. Mass spectrometry was performed on electrospray ionization, data were collected under positive and negative ion modes, and the detection range was <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 50-1 600. Result:Ten characteristic peaks were selected as the distinguishing features in this specific chromatograms, and eight of them were identified by comparing with the reference standards, including paeoniflorin (peak 1), liquiritin apioside (peak 2), liquiritin (peak 3), ferulic acid (peak 4), iquiritigenin (peak 6), cinnamaldehyde (peak 8), paeonol (peak 9)and glycyrrhizic acid (peak 10). By mass spectrometry analysis, 30 compounds were identified, and the source of medicinal materials were assigned. It mainly contained triterpenoid saponins and flavonoids from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, ginsenosides from Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, monoterpenoid glycosides and tannins from Paeoniae Radix Alba, steroids in Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix, phenolic acids in Angelicae Sinensis Radix. Conclusion:The established characteristic chromatographic analysis method of Wenjingtang is simple, stable and repeatable. The chemical composition of the freeze-dried powder of Wenjingtang is basically defined by mass spectrometry identification and source attribution, which can provide reference for the development and quality control of Wenjingtang in the future.

6.
Mycobiology ; : 142-150, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895028

ABSTRACT

The species within the family Cunninghamellaceae are widely distributed and produce important metabolites. Morphological studies along with a molecular phylogeny based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and large subunit (LSU) of ribosomal DNA revealed two new species in this family from soils in China, that is, Absidia ovalispora sp. nov. andCunninghamella globospora sp. nov. The former is phylogenetically closely related to Absidia koreana, but morphologically differs in sporangiospores, sporangia, sporangiophores, columellae, collars, and rhizoids. The latter is phylogenetically closely related to Cunninghamella intermedia, but morphologically differs in sporangiola and colonies. They were described and illustrated.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3193-3205, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922787

ABSTRACT

Receptor-interacting protein (RIP) kinase 1 is involved in immune-mediated inflammatory diseases including ulcerative colitis (UC) by regulating necroptosis and inflammation. Our group previously identified TAK-632 (

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922022

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical features and genetic basis of three children with mental retardation, language impairment and autistic features due to de novo variants of FOXP1 gene.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the children were collected.Trio-whole exome sequencing was carried out for the children and their parents. Pathogenicity of the variants was analyzed through bioinformatics prediction.@*RESULTS@#All of the children had various degrees of mental retardation in conjunct with language deficit, global developmental delay, abnormal behavior and peculiar facial features, among whom two also developed autism spectrum disorders. The results of genetic testing showed that all three children harbored de novo variants of the FOXP1 gene, namely c.613_c.614delCTinsTA, c.1248delC and c.1393A>G. Two of these were frameshift variants and one was missense variant, which were all rated as pathogenic based on the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG). Database search suggested that c.613_c.614delCTinsTA and c.1248delC were unreported previously.@*CONCLUSION@#For the three children from unrelated families with mental retardation in conjunct with language deficit, global growth delay, abnormal behavior and peculiar facial features, the c.613_ c. 614delCTinsTA, c.1248delC and c.1393A>G variants of the FOXP1 gene may be the pathogenic factors. Above cases have further expanded the genotype-phenotype profile of FOXP1 deficiency syndrome.


Subject(s)
Autistic Disorder/genetics , Child , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , Genetic Testing , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Language Development Disorders/genetics , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921638

ABSTRACT

Based on the textual research on literature, the key information of Wenjing Decoction were tested and identified, and 15 batches of lyophilized powder samples of Wenjing Decoction were prepared. The specific components, including paeoniflorin, glycyrrhizin, ginsenosides(Rg_1, Re and Rb_1), glycyrrhizic acid, and paeonol, were used as indexes to establish the HPLC method for quantitative evaluation, and the content ranges and transfer rates of these components were determined. The results showed that the contents of paeoniflorin, glycyrrhizin, ginsenosides Rg_1 + Re, ginsenoside Rb_1, glycyrrhizic acid, and paeonol in the 15 batches of samples were 0.62%-0.86%, 0.25%-0.76%, 0.14%-0.30%, 0.07%-0.21%, 0.63%-1.16%, and 0.09%-0.25%, respectively, and their transfer rates from the decoction pieces to the reference materials were 14.99%-19.42%, 28.11%-40.93%, 25.92%-61.88%, 25.03%-64.06%, 23.43%-35.53%, and 5.34%-10.44%, respectively. The consistency of the transfer rates between batches indicated that the preparation process was stable. It is suggested that the contents of paeoniflorin, glycyrrhizin, ginsenosides Rg_1 + Re, ginsenoside Rb_1, glycyrrhizic acid, and paeonol in Wenjing Decoction should not be less than 0.52%, 0.35%, 0.15%, 0.10%, 0.63%, and 0.12%, respectively. In this study, we determined the contents and analyzed the quantity transfer process of the index components in Wenjing Decoction, which can provide a basis for the follow-up development of Wenjing Decoction and the quality control of related preparations.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Powders , Quality Control
10.
Mycobiology ; : 142-150, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902732

ABSTRACT

The species within the family Cunninghamellaceae are widely distributed and produce important metabolites. Morphological studies along with a molecular phylogeny based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and large subunit (LSU) of ribosomal DNA revealed two new species in this family from soils in China, that is, Absidia ovalispora sp. nov. andCunninghamella globospora sp. nov. The former is phylogenetically closely related to Absidia koreana, but morphologically differs in sporangiospores, sporangia, sporangiophores, columellae, collars, and rhizoids. The latter is phylogenetically closely related to Cunninghamella intermedia, but morphologically differs in sporangiola and colonies. They were described and illustrated.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878986

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to solve the problems of complicated-unstable test solution preparation process and insufficient extraction of the active ingredient astragaloside Ⅳ in the legal method for the determination of astragaloside Ⅳ in Astragali Radix. The continuous single-factor analysis of seven main factors affecting the content of astragaloside Ⅳ was carried out by HPLC-ELSD, and then the pre-paration method of test solution was optimized. This optimized method exhibited excellent performance in precision, repeatability and stability. The average recovery rate of astragaloside Ⅳ was 99.65% with RSD 2.2%. Astragaloside Ⅳ showed a good linearity between the logarithm of peak area and the logarithm of injection quantity in the range of 0.46-9.1 μg(r=0.999 6). The contents of astragaloside Ⅳ in 29 batches of Astragali Radix were determined by the new and the legal methods. The results showed that the average content of astragaloside Ⅳ in these Astragali Radix samples determined by the former method was 1.458 times than that of the latter one, indicating the new method was simple, reliable and more adequate to extract target compound. According to the results, it is suggested to improve the content standard of astragaloside Ⅳ in Astragali Radix in the new edition of Chinese Pharmacopeia.


Subject(s)
Astragalus Plant , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Saponins , Triterpenes/analysis
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888030

ABSTRACT

The present study determined the quantitative markers of total proanthocyanidins in the purification of the industrial waste Choerospondias axillaris pericarp based on the comparison results of high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) and mass spectrometry(MS) and optimized the purification process with two stable procyanidins as markers. The adsorption and desorption of five different macroporous adsorption resins, the static adsorption kinetics curve of NKA-Ⅱ resin, the maximum sample load, and the gradient elution were investigated. The UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS was employed for qualitative analysis of the newly-prepared total proanthocyanidins of C. axillaris pericarp. As revealed by the results, NKA-Ⅱ resin displayed strong adsorption and desorption toward total proanthocyanidins. The sample solution(50 mg·mL~(-1)) was prepared from 70% ethanol crude extract of C. axillaris pericarp dissolved in water and 7-fold BV of the sample solution was loaded, followed by static adsorption for 12 h. After 8-fold BV of distilled water and 6-fold BV of 10% ethanol were employed to remove impurities, the solution was eluted with 8-fold BV of 50% ethanol, concentrated, and dried under reduced pressure, and purified total proanthocyanidin powder was therefore obtained. Measured by vanillin-hydrochloric acid method, the purity and transfer rate of total proanthocyanidins were 47.67% and 59.92%, respectively, indicating the feasibi-lity of the optimized process. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS qualitative analysis identified 16 procyanidins in C. axillaris total proanthocyanidins. The optimized purification process is simple in operation and accurate in component identification, and it can be applied to the process investigation of a class of components that are difficult to be separated and purified. It can also provide technical support and research ideas for the comprehensive utilization of industrial waste.


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Anacardiaceae , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Plant Extracts , Proanthocyanidins/analysis , Resins, Synthetic , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1009-1013, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886312

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To verify the current cut off points of physical activity intensity for adolescents to assess moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among overweight or obese adolescents.@*Methods@#The total activity counts, heart rate and steps indicators most commonly used to reflect physical activity intensity were adopted, and a total of 15 MVPA cut off points standards for adolescents were included. Ninety four overweight or obese adolescents were tested for walking and running at 3-7 km/h in a free state, while simultaneously wearing MetaMax 3B gas metabolism analyzer, polar belt and actigraph w-GT3x BT triaxial accelerometer to collect energy consumption and activities count, heart rate and steps. Kappa consistency test and paired χ 2 test were used for statistical analysis.@*Results@#Kappa consistency coefficients (0.27-0.53) <0.60 between all cut off points standards and the "gold standard" and the P <0.01, indicating that the consistency is varied and not strong. In the standard diagnosis of each cut points, low sensitivity (49.11-67.59), high specificity (92.50-97.65), high - LR (0.14-0.52, >0.1) and low DOR (8.26-25.19, <30) indicated high rate of misdiagnosis. Low specificity (36.75-69.41), high sensitivity (84.82-96.36) and low + LR (1.52- 9.83 , <10) indicated a high rate of misdiagnosis; AUC of 0.67-0.80 suggested lower diagnostic performance.@*Conclusion@#Existing physical activity intensity cut off points for overweight or obese adolescents were not consistent with MVPA and have low diagnostic capabilities. The following criteria of MVPA for overweight or obese adolescents are supposed.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 224-227, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873643

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the school adaptation and behavioral performance of the first batch of students who return to school during the COVID-19 epidemic, and to provide a theoretical basis for further development of corresponding intervention measures.@*Methods@#The method of cluster sampling was adopted to conduct anonymous questionnaire survey on the first batch of college students who have returned to a certain university. The survey contents included the basic information of the students, the adaptability of the school after returning to school and the corresponding behavior performance.@*Results@#Male students reported high lever of satisfaction than female students on the dormitory environment health (t=10.28, P<0.01), but low satisfaction on school security and logistical support (t=2.26, P=0.02), rural students marked higher score than urban students for the school closed management system (t=2.82, P=0.01), in terns of school security, Logistics, the degree of school s attention to the epidemic prevention and epidemic prevention, non only-child gave high score than the only children; In terms of their own behavior, the rate of seek medical treatment immediately when they develop COVID-19 related symptoms (68.1%) was lower than that of others (81.3%)(χ 2=223.88,P<0.01);In addition, the percentage of respondents who chose to report COVID-19 related symptoms (79.5%) was lower than that of others (88.7%)(χ 2=97.49,P<0.01). A total of 2 671 college students (98.9%) were able to wear masks every day and 2 457 (90.9%) chose to improve their diet to improve their immunity.@*Conclusion@#The first batch of college students who return to school have a high level of satisfaction on school management, and can take active measures to adapt to the life back to school and commit self-protection, however targeted measures to are still needed further strengthen students health education.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879037

ABSTRACT

Chrysanthemum is widely used as a type of edible flower and also considered as the important materials of many beverages in China. Due to the occurrence of diseases and pests, and the lack of regulations for species, frequency, dose of pesticides in Chrysanthemum, pesticides have become one of the main pollutants in Chrysanthemum. The pesticide residues in Chrysanthemum were detected frequently and worth noting. This paper focused on the types of pesticides, pesticide residue detection techniques, and risk assessment methods for Chrysanthemums on the basis of relevant literatures. The pesticide residues of traditional Chinese medicine are mainly organochlorines, organophosphorus and pyrethroids, and the detection techniques include gas chromatography(GC), liquid chromatography(LC) or both combined with mass spectrometry(MS). With the increasing use of traditional Chinese medicine, Chrysanthemum is widely circulated in the market. Therefore, it is important to understand the current situation of pesticide residues in different varieties of Chrysanthemum, so as to provide theoretical reference for the control of quality and safety of Chrysanthemum and the formulation of the maximum residue limit.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, Liquid , Chrysanthemum/genetics , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Pesticide Residues/analysis
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905508

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of sacral nerve root magnetic stimulation combined with Solifenacin in women with refractory overactive bladder (OAB). Methods:From January to December, 2017, 120 women with refractory OAB were randomly divided into sacral nerve root magnetic stimulation group (group A, n = 40), Solifenacin group (group B, n = 40), and combined treatment group (group C, n = 40). Before and after treatment, they were assessed with the urine diary (number of daily urination, number of nightly urination, single urine output, number of urgent urination), urodynamic index (initial urinary bladder capacity, maximum bladder capacity) and Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS). Results:Two patients from group A, one from group B and one from group C were dropped out. The number of daily urination, the number of nightly urination, the single urine output, the number of urgent urination, the initial urinary bladder capacity and maximum bladder capacity, and OABSS were better in group C than in groups A and B (P < 0.05). Conclusion:Sacral nerve root magnetic stimulation combined with Solifenacin is effective and better than anyone alone on women with refractory OAB.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): E001-E001, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787637

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia(NCP) caused by 2019 novel coronavirus has become a global public health challenge. Some patients accompany with liver function damage in addition to the main typical respiratory symptom. Here we analyzed the clinical features, susceptible population, potential causes and therapeutic strategies of NCP related liver injury.

18.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 603-610, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870857

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of patients with hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis (HCP) associated with myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA) with optic nerve dysfunction.Methods:Clinical data of patients with MPO-ANCA associated HCP admitted to Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University from 2008 to 2019 were collected and analyzed.Results:A total of 55 HCP patients were diagnosed, including five patients with MPO-ANCA associated HCP, two males and three females, with the onset ages ranging from 61 to 80 years.The main clinical manifestations were successively five cases of multiple cranial neuropathies, four cases of headache, four cases of chronic sinusitis, three cases of otitis media or mastoiditis,one case of cerebral infarction, while two cases of mild kidney involvement, all without lower airways involvement. Peripheral blood MPO-ANCA concentration and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were elevated in all patients, and protease 3-ANCA was negative. Cerebrospinal fluid protein content was elevated in three patients and leukocyte was increased in one patient. The abnormal frequency of gadolinium-enhanced MRI of brain scan was dura mater (five cases), optic nerve sheath (five cases), sinus mucosa (four cases), inner auditory tract meninges (three cases), orbital wall periosteum (two cases), and brain parenchyma (one case). All patients received glucocorticoid therapy, meanwhile two patients received cyclophosphamide treatment. Multiple cranial neuropathies and headache were improved,but the improvement of visual function damage was not obvious.Conclusions:MPO-ANCA associated HCP is a special type of HCP. Among the dural region involved, the optic nerve sheath is a common site of this disease, and the sinus mucosa and inner auditory canal meninges are also frequently involved. MPO-ANCA associated HCP should be distinguished, if patients with dural lesions, especially those accompanied by optic nerve sheath lesions, sinusitis, and middle ear mastoiditis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 356-359, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870279

ABSTRACT

A case of fibrosing alopecia in a pattern distribution (FAPD) and its clinicopathological, dermoscopic and TrichoScan features were reported to improve the understanding of FAPD. A 23-year-old male patient presented with progressive hair loss on the forehead and top of the head for 10 years, local hair thinning and softening, and occasional scalp itching. Skin examination showed diffuse sparseness of hair from the forehead to the top of the head, frontal hairline recession, focal thinning and softening of hair, some follicular keratotic papules and perifollicular erythema on the alopecic area, with no obvious scales. TrichoScan examination revealed markedly decreased hair density and increased proportions of vellus hairs. Dermoscopy showed loss of some follicular ostia and confluent white dots. Histopathological examination of the scalp showed lichenoid lymphocytic infiltration around the infundibulum and isthmus of hair follicles, concentrically layered perifollicular fibrosis, hair follicle destruction, formation of follicular micro-scars, markedly increased variation in the diameter of residual follicles, and some vellus hairs. The patient was diagnosed with FAPD. FAPD is easily misdiagnosed as androgenetic alopecia, and early diagnosis and treatment are needed.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870211

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare diagnostic performance of traditional vertical section technique,horizontal section technique and modified Ho-Vert technique for classical lichen planopilaris.Methods Clinical data were collected from patients with classical lichen planopilaris in Department of Dermatology,The Affiliated Wuxi People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 1st 2015 to January 1st 2019.With the help of dermoscopy,2 scalp specimens were obtained from each patient and sliced horizontally and vertically respectively by using modified Ho-Vert technique.The horizontal and vertical sections were read separately or simultaneously,and histopathological changes were observed.Results Totally,21 patients with classical lichen planopilaris were enrolled into this study,including 15 males and 6 females.Their age was 50.0 ± 13.6 years,and the average course of disease was 18 months.The patients mainly presented with muhifocal or confluent patchy hair loss,and scalp atrophy,perifollicular hyperkeratosis,loss of follicular ostia,fibrous white dots and orbit sign were observed.On the horizontal sections,lichenoid lymphocytic infiltration around the infundibulum and isthmus of hair follicles and follicular micro-scars could be observed in all patients,and the dermo-epidermal interface could be seen in 7 patients.On the vertical sections,lichenoid lymphocytic infiltration around the infundibulum and isthmus of hair follicles only could be observed in 9 patients,follicular micro-scars could be seen in 4,and the dermoepidermal interface could be observed in all patients.Moreover,the detection rates of interfollicular interface dermatitis,follicular keratotic plugs,lymphocytic infiltration around sebaceous glands,atrophy or disappearance of sebaceous glands and inflammatory infiltration around hair follicle bulbs were significantly different between the horizontal and vertical sections.In combination with clinical manifestations,7 patients could be exactly diagnosed with lichen planopilaris according to findings from horizontal sections,and 9 could be diagnosed exactly according to findings from vertical sections,while 21 could be diagnosed exactly according to histopathological findings from both horizontal and vertical sections.Conclusion With the help of dermoscopy,modified Ho-Vert technique can improve the efficacy of pathological diagnosis of classical lichen planopilaris,by multidimensionally showing histopathological changes.

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