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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907056

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To investigate the serum levels of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 after inoculation of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, so as to provide insights into the evaluation of the vaccine immunogenicity. @*Methods @#In this single-arm Objective performance criteria trial, residents aged 18 to 59 years and inoculated with an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine in Xihu District, Hangzhou City from October to December of 2020 were selected using a cluster sampling method. Blood samples were collected prior to inoculation, 14 and 28 days post-inoculation of the first dose, and 28 days post-inoculation of the second dose. Serum levels of anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM and IgG antibodies were detected using the magnetic particle-based chemiluminescence immunoassay. The seroconversion of antibodies and dynamic changes of antibody levels were analyzed.@*Results @#Totally 310 participants were enrolled, including 133 subjects on day 14 post-inoculation of the first dose, 97 subjects on day 28 post-inoculation of the first dose and 254 subjects on day 28 post-inoculation of the second dose. The seroconversion rates of anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody were 6.02%, 28.87% and 98.43%, and the median IgG antibody levels were 1.76 ( interquartile range, 3.25 ), 5.69 ( 9.95 ) and 52.05 ( 47.60 ) AU/mL ( P<0.05 ), respectively, while the seroconversion rates of anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM antibody were 9.02%, 11.34% and 12.99%, and the median IgG antibody levels were 1.89 ( 3.28 ), 2.06 ( 4.71 ) and 2.65 ( 4.01 ) AU/mL ( P>0.05 ), respectively. In addition, higher serum levels of anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG and IgM antibodies were detected post-inoculation relative to pre-inoculation ( P<0.05 ), and higher serum IgG antibody levels were found in subjects aged 18 to 39 years than in those aged 40 to 59 years ( P<0.05 ). @*Conclusions @#Inoculation of two doses of the inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine achieves a high immunogenicity among residents aged 18 to 59 years 28 days post-inoculation, and the anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM antibody is detectable in some residents following inoculation of the first dose.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 735-739, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923011

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy and safety of Shenxiang suhe pill in the adjuvant treatment of triple vessel lesion of coronary artery. METHODS From February 2019 to February 2021,146 patients with unstable angina pectoris and triple vessel lesion of coronary artery (chest discomfort of hanning xinmai type )admitted to Harrison International Peace Hospital were divided into observation group and control group according to random number table ,with 73 cases in each group. Control group was given Isosorbide dinitrate tablets+Aspirin enteric-coated tablets+Clopidogrel bisulfate tablets+Atorvastatin calcium tablets+ Bisoprolol fumarate tablets for western medicine treatment. Observation group was additionally given Shenxiang suhe pill 0.7 g/time orally after meal ,twice a day ,on the basis of control group. After 2 courses of treatment (3 weeks as a course of treatment ,with an interval of 1 week for each course of treatment ),curative effect and symptoms of angina pectoris [frequency and duration of angina pectoris ,walking distance of 6-min walking test (6MWT)],TCM syndrome score ,cardiac markers [neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR)and the contents of endothelin-1(ET-1),nitric oxide (NO),soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2),angiotensin Ⅱ(Ang-Ⅱ)] and quality of life [Seattle angina questionnaire (SAQ),36-item short form health survey (SF-36)] before and after treatment were compared between the two groups. Adverse drug reactions (ADR)during treatment and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE)during follow-up were recorded. RESULTS The total response rate of the observation group was 86.30%,significantly higher than 71.23% of the control group (P<0.05). Before treatment ,there was no statistical difference in the above indexes between 2 groups(P>0.05). After treatment ,the frequency and duration of angina pectoris ,TCM syndrome score ,NLR and the contents of sST 2,ET-1 and Ang- Ⅱ in the two groups decreased or shortened significantly ,while the walking distance of 6MWT,NO content ,scores of each dimension in SAQ and SF- 36 increased significantly ;and the above indexes in observation group were significantly better than those in control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the inciden ce of ADR between the two groups (P>0.05); however,the incidence of MACE in observation group was significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS In the treatment of adjuvant treatment of triple vessel lesion of coronary artery ,Shenxiang suhe pill can improve the symptoms of angina pectoris and vascular endothelial function ,reduce the incidence of MACE ,improve the quality of life ,and has good safety.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922577

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) on vasomotor symptoms in rats with acute cerebral infarction, by observing the changes in the expression of factors related to the phosphatidylinositol (PI) system.@*METHODS@#Forty-two Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups by a random number table: the control group (n=6), the model group (n=18) and the EA group (n=18). The EA group was given EA treatment at Shuigou (GV 26) instantly after modeling with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) method, while the model and control groups were not given any treatment. The degrees of neurological deficiency were evaluated using neurological severity scores (NSS) and the brain blood flow was evaluated by a laser scanning confocal microscope. Western blot analysis was conducted to detect the expression levels of G-protein subtype (Gq) and calmodulin (CaM). Competition for protein binding was conducted to detect the expression level of inositol triphosphate (IP3). Thin layer quantitative analysis was conducted to detect the expression level of diacylglycerol (DAG). The expression level of intracellular concentration of free calcium ion ([Ca@*RESULTS@#The NSS of the model group was significantly higher than the control group at 3 and 6 h after MCAO (P<0.01), while the EA group was significantly lower than the model group at 6 h (P<0.01). The cerebral blood flow in the model group was significantly lower than the control group at 1, 3 and 6 h after MCAO (P<0.01), while for the EA group it was remarkably higher than the model group at the same time points (P<0.01). The expressions of Gq, CaM, IP3, DAG and [Ca@*CONCLUSION@#EA treatment at GV 26 can effectively decrease the over-expression of related factors of PI system in rats with acute cerebral infarction, improve cerebral autonomy movement, and alleviate cerebral vascular spasm.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Brain Ischemia , Cerebral Infarction/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Phosphatidylinositols , Rats , Rats, Wistar
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922565

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of Tangshen Formula (, TSF), a Chinese herbal medicine, on interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in the colon of diabetic rats.@*METHODS@#Fifty-four male Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control (NC, n=14) and high-fat diet (HFD) groups (n=40). After 6 weeks, the rats in the HFD group were injected intraperitoneally streptozotocin once (30 mg/kg). Thirty rats with fasting blood glucose higher than 11.7 mmol/L were randomly divided into diabetes (DM) and TSF groups, 15 rats in each group. Rats in the NC and DM groups were intragastrically administered with saline, and those in the TSF group were given with TSF (2.4 g/kg) once daily for 20 weeks. Expression levels of Bax, Bcl-2, and caspase-3 in colonic smooth muscle layer were measured by Western blotting and immunohistochemical staining. The number of ICC was determined by immunohistochemical staining. Immunofluorescence was used for analyzing the ratio of classically activated macrophages (M1) and alternatively activated macrophages (M2) to total macrophages. Electron microscopy was used to observe the epithelial ultrastructure and junctions.@*RESULTS@#TSF appeared to partially prevented loss of ICC in DM rats (P<0.05). Compared with the NC group, expression levels of Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3, and TNF-α as well as the ratio of M1 to total macrophages increased in DM rats (all P<0.05), and the ratio of M2 to total macrophages decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the DM group, TSF decreased the expression levels of abovementioned proteins and restore M2 to total macrophages ratio (P<0.05 or P<0.01). TSF appeared to attenuate the ultrastructural changes of epithelia and improve the tight and desmosome junctions between epithelia reduced in the DM rats.@*CONCLUSION@#Reduced number of ICC in DM rats may be associated with damage of the intestinal barrier. The protective effects of TSF on ICC may be through repair of the epithelial junctions, which attenuates inflammation and inflammation-initiated apoptosis in colon of DM rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colon , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Interstitial Cells of Cajal , Male , Rats , Rats, Wistar
5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1435-1439, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877333

ABSTRACT

The JAK/STAT/SOCS signaling pathway can mediate a variety of cytokines involved in inflammation, tumor, and autoimmune diseases and it also plays an important role in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection-related liver diseases. This article briefly reviews the structure and signal pathway regulation of JAK-STAT and SOCS and elaborates on their role in the development and progression of HBV-related chronic hepatitis B, liver cirrhosis, liver failure, and hepatocellular carcinoma. The final analysis shows that the JAK/STAT/SOCS signaling pathway is dysregulated in HBV-related liver disease and is involved in the development and progression of the disease, and it may even influence the treatment and prognosis of the disease.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876478

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the etiology of the first local dengue infection outbreak in Hubei Province in 2019, and to determine the serotype and genotype of the virus and trace its source. Methods Serum samples were collected from dengue fever cases in the acute phase. The IgM and IgG antibodies were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA),and the serotype was determined by fluorescence quantitative PCR. C6/36 cells were used to isolate virus and obtain virus E gene and complete genome sequence for systematic evolution analysis to trace the possible source of infection. Results The pathogen of the outbreak was identified as dengue serotype I infection,and five virus strains were isolated. Sequence analysis showed that the virus belonged to genotype I of dengue I, and had the highest homology with the strain isolated in Guangzhou, 2019. Conclusion The first local dengue infection outbreak in Hubei Province in 2019 was caused by genotype I of the type I dengue virus.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876475

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the pathogen composition and epidemic characteristics of viral diarrhea in Hubei province. Methods Stool samples of adults and children from sentinel monitoring of viral diarrhea in Hubei province from 2017 to 2019 were collected. Real-time RT-PCR method was used to detect the nucleic acids of rotavirus, norovirus, adenovirus, astrovirus and sapovirus. The detection results of the 5 pathogens were statistically analyzed. Results The total positive rate of 5 diarrheal viruses in 1 957 samples was 36.84%, and the number of cases of mixed infection accounted for 19.00%, among which rotavirus accounted for 9.50%, norovirus 13.29%, astrovirus 4.14%, adenovirus 14.10% and sapovirus 3.37%. In Hubei province, rotavirus and norovirus were still prevalent in autumn and winter. The epidemic seasons of adenovirus and astrovirus were similar, mainly occurring in April and May, while the infection rate of sapovirus was relatively high in November and January of the following year. The main infected population of the five diarrheal viruses was still children aged 5 years and younger, which was significantly higher than other age groups. Conclusion The main pathogens of viral diarrhea in Hubei from 2017 to 2019 are adenovirus, norovirus and rotavirus, and there are some mixed infections. It is necessary to strengthen the monitoring of major pathogens and take effective and scientific protection measures for high incidence seasons and key populations.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 565-568, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876402

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effects of auricular point stimulation on constipation among college students and to provide a reference for improving constipation among college students.@*Methods@#Between September 15 and September 30, 2019, the International Nursing College of Hainan Medical College Nursing School Survey, which included the constipation assessment scale (CAS), was conducted among 603 female college students. There were 90 cases of functional constipation, which were divided into a control group and an observation group of 45 cases each using the random number table method. The control group was given health education and behavioral guidance, such as a diet intervention, an exercise intervention, an emotional management intervention, and guidance on defecation habits, etc, via WeChat. The observation group received auricular stimulation intervention in addition to the control group measures. Before and two weeks after the intervention, the Wexner constipation and the Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life (PAC-QOL) scales were used to assess the effect of auricular stimulation on students with constipation.@*Results@#Before intervention, there was no significant difference in the Wexner constipation scores between the two groups (P>0.05). After the intervention, the Wexner constipation scores in the observation group were lower than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (t=8.38, 8.95, 11.96, 9.08, 6.45, 13.18, 11.93, 6.19, P<0.05). Before intervention, there was no statistically significant difference in PAC-QOL score between the two groups (P>0.05). After intervention, the difference in the control group s PAC-QOL scores on all dimensions and total dimension score lower earlier, was statistically significant (t=5.29, 6.64, 10.28, 7.81, 9.60, P<0.01). The observation group s PAC-QOL scores after the intervention were lower compared to before the intervention (t=7.98, 11.81, 11.44, 6.93, 8.81, P<0.01), and the difference was statistically significant. All individual and total dimension scores of the observation group and the control group were significantly lower than those of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Auricular stimulation of TCM can significantly improve the constipation score of college students and improve their quality of life.

9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 519-523, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876358

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess diet-related knowledge and behavior among primary and middle-school students in five cities of Anhui, and to provide evidence for nutrition education and intervention strategies.@*Methods@#A multi stage stratified cluster random sampling method was used to select 2 045 students in five cities(Huaibei,Bengbu,Ma anshan,Hefei and Wuhu) of Anhui for a questionnaire survey on nutrition knowledge, diet behavior, food preferences, and diet education.@*Results@#The overall rate of good nutritional awareness was 38.3%; students had the highest rate of awareness on plain water being the healthiest drink(91.6%). The overall rate of healthy food preferences was 51.5%, with milk and dairy products being the highest rated (66.4%). The overall rate of good diet behavior was 85.8%, with eating most meals on time and in appropriate quantities being the highest rated (87.7%). The overall rate of students with good diet education was 25.0%, while the rate of table cleaning was 73.0%. Middle school students had more knowledge of nutrition(χ 2=28.8), while primary school students had better healthy food preferences and diet behaviors(χ 2=31.3,77.6), and girls were more frequently involved in setting and clearing the table(χ 2=12.2)(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Insufficient nutrition knowledge, clear food preferences, unhealthy dietary behaviors, and a lack of diet education were observed in primary and middle school students in Anhui. Specific nutritional education in school settings should be developed, home school cooperation should be strengthened, and diet education activities should be increased to help primary and middle school students form a healthy lifestyle.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875671

ABSTRACT

Objective To find novel lead compounds as p53-MDM2 inhibitors by drug repurposing strategy. Methods The p53-MDM2 inhibitory activities of compounds were determined by FP and western blotting. MTT method was used to determine the in-vitro antitumor activities. The metabolites in human liver microsomes were tested. Results Bepridil showed excellent in-vitro anti-tumor activity and strong p53-MDM2 protein binding inhibitory activity, which can significantly reduce the expression of MDM2 protein in a dose-dependent manner. The metabolites in human liver microsomes are mainly benzene ring hydroxyl mono-oxidation metabolites. Conclusion Bepridil can be used as a lead compound for p53-MDM2 protein binding small molecule inhibitors for subsequent structural optimization design studies.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874306

ABSTRACT

Hsp90 is often overexpressed with activated form in cancer cells, and many key cellular proteins are dependent upon the Hsp90 machinery (these proteins are called “client protein”). Nowadays, more client proteins and more inhibitors of Hsp90 are being discovered. Chaetocin has been identified as an inhibitor of histone methyl transferase SUV39H1. Herein, we find that Chaetocin is an inhibitor of Hsp90 which binds to the C-terminal of Hsp90α. Chaetocin inhibited a variety of Hsp90 client proteins including AMl1-ETO and BCL-ABL, the mutant fusion-protein in the K562 and HL-60 cells. SUV39H1 mediates epigenetic events in the pathophysiology of hematopoietic disorders. We found that inhibition of Hsp90 by Chaetocin and 17-AAG had ability to induce degradation of SUV39H1 through proteasome pathway. In addition, SUV39H1 interacted with Hsp90 through co-chaperone HOP.These results suggest that SUV39H1 belongs to a client protein of Hsp90. Moreover, Chaetocin was able to induce cell differentiation in the two cells in the concentration range of Hsp90 inhibition. Altogether, our results demonstrate that SUV39H1 is a new client protein of Hsp90 degradated by Chaetocin as a novel C-terminal inhibitor of Hsp90. The study establishes a new relationship of Chaetocin and SUV39H1, and paves an avenue for exploring a new strategy to target SUV39H1 by inhibition of Hsp90 in leukemia.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880147

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influence of controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score on the prognosis of newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The clinical data 119 patients with MM who were diagnosed according to the international myeloma diagnostic criteria in Lanzhou University Second Hospital from April 2010 to October 2018 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The relationship between clinical indexes, including age, sex, MM type, absolute lymphocyte count (ALC), absolute neutrophil count (ANC), absolute monocyte count (AMC), hemoglobin (Hb), platelet (PLT), β@*RESULTS@#Compared with high-scoring group, low-scoring group had a better OS [median OS was 43.3 months and 127.67 months, respectively, 95% confidence interval (CI): 57.065-78.345, P=0.038]. At the same time, the low-scoring group also had higher level of ALC, ANC, AMC, Hb, PLT, ALB, and CHO but lower of GLO. Multivariate survival analysis showed that age (HR=1.027, 95%CI: 1.000-1.054, P=0.048), AMC (HR=11.284, 95%CI: 22.968-42.897, P<0.001), CONUT score (HR=1.198, 95%CI: 1.036-1.385, P=0.015), M protein (non-IgG/IgG type) type (HR=0.503, 95%CI: 0.259-0.977, P=0.043) were independent factors affecting the prognosis of MM patients.@*CONCLUSION@#The CONUT score as an immune-nutrition score is a convenient and easy-to-obtain index to effectively predict the prognosis of MM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Nutritional Status , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888043

ABSTRACT

To study the material basis and mechanism of volatile oil from Alpinia oxyphylla in treating Alzheimer's disease(AD) based on GC-MS and network pharmacology. Ingredients of volatile oil from A.oxyphylla were analyzed by GC-MS. Targets of those ingredients were obtained through Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP). Relevant targets of AD were obtained through such databases as DrugBank, STITCH, OMIM. Intersection targets of ingredients and diseases were obtained by Online Venny map, and PPI network was established by STRING to screen out core targets. Gene ontology(GO) functional enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were performed by DAVID. The "ingredients-target-pathway" network was constructed by software Cytoscape 3.8.1 to screen out potential active ingredients of volatile oil from A.oxyphylla in the treatment of AD. The results showed that a total of 6 active ingredients were screened from the volatile oil of A.oxyphylla by GC-MS, 17 targets corresponding to 6 active ingredients were found in TCMSP database, and 3 448 AD targets were found in DrugBank database. "Ingredients-target-pathway" network and PPI network showed there were 4 potential active ingredients in the treatment of AD and 4 core targets. GO analysis and KEGG analysis showed 34(P<0.05) and 5(P<0.05) pathways, respectively, including nerve ligand receptor interaction, calcium signaling pathway, cholinergic synapse and 5-hydroxytryptaminergic synapse. This suggested that volatile oil from A.oxyphylla could synergistically treat AD by regulating calcium balance, cholinergic balance and phosphorylation. This study provided reference and guidance for further study of volatile oil from A.oxyphylla in the treatment of AD.


Subject(s)
Alpinia , Alzheimer Disease/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Oils, Volatile
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887991

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect and the possible mechanism of Shenlian( SL) extract on tumor necrosis factor-α( TNF-α)-induced ECV304 injury. After the establishment of TNF-α-induced ECV304 cells injure model,MTT assay was used to detect cell viability and the level of reactive oxygen species( ROS) was measured by flow cytometry. The contents of superoxide dismutase( SOD),malondialdehyde( MDA),nitric oxide( NO),endothelin-1( ET-1) and interleukin-1β( IL-1β) in the supernatant were detected by biochemical method and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay( ELISA). The expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins B-lymphoma-2 gene( Bcl-2),Bcl-2 associated X protein( Bax),caspase-3,caspase-9 and nuclear factor E2 associated factor2( Nrf2)/Kelch like epichlorohydrin associated protein-1( Keap1) signaling pathway related proteins Nrf2,Keap1,quinone oxidoreductase( NQO1) and heme oxygenase 1( HO-1) were detected by Western blot. The results showed that 50 μg·L-1 TNF-α significantly damaged ECV304 cells,induced the impairment of cell viability( P<0. 01),the increase of ROS production,the decrease of SOD activity,and the increase of MDA,NO,ET-1 and IL-1β( P<0. 01),meanwhile,it caused the up-regulation of Keap1,caspase-9 and Bax protein expression,and down-regulation of NQO1 and Bcl-2 protein expression( P<0. 05) compared with the control group.Compared with the model group,SL extract reduced the damage of ECV304 cells induced by TNF-α,improved cell viability,reduced ROS production,increased SOD activity and decreased MDA,NO,ET-1,IL-1β content( P<0. 01 or P<0. 05). In addition,SL extract also down-regulated the protein expression levels of Keap1,caspase-3,caspase-9 and Bax,and increased the protein expressions of Nrf2,NQO1,HO-1 and Bcl-2( P<0. 01 or P<0. 05). The above results indicate that SL extract can provide protective effect on ECV304 cells injury induced by TNF-α,alleviate oxidative stress injury,inflammation and apoptosis,and its mechanism may be related to regulating Nrf2/Keap1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1/metabolism , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Plant Extracts , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887892

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the knowledge about human papillomavirus(HPV)and its vaccines,HPV vaccination status,and vaccination willingness among the freshmen majoring in liberal arts,sciences,and medicine in western China,so as to provide evidence-based suggestions for health education among university students and to increase their vaccination. Methods By convenience sampling,stratified sampling,and cluster sampling,an online questionnaire survey was conducted among freshmen in a comprehensive university in Chengdu.The differences among the groups were compared by


Subject(s)
Alphapapillomavirus , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Male , Papillomaviridae , Papillomavirus Infections/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires , Universities , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Vaccination
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1138-1145, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878167

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)-associated genes and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) can contribute to human disease. To comprehensively investigate the contribution of lncRNAs to breast cancer, we performed the first genome-wide lncRNA association study on Han Chinese women.@*METHODS@#We designed an lncRNA array containing >800,000 SNPs, which was incorporated into a 96-array plate by Affymetrix (CapitalBio Technology, China). Subsequently, we performed a two-stage genome-wide lncRNA association study on Han Chinese women covering 11,942 individuals (5634 breast cancer patients and 6308 healthy controls). Additionally, in vitro gain or loss of function strategies were performed to clarify the function of a novel SNP-associated gene.@*RESULTS@#We identified a novel breast cancer-associated susceptibility SNP, rs11066150 (Pmeta = 2.34 × 10-8), and a previously reported SNP, rs9397435 (Pmeta = 4.32 × 10-38), in Han Chinese women. rs11066150 is located in NONHSAT164009.1 (lncHSAT164), which is highly expressed in breast cancer tissues and cell lines. lncHSAT164 overexpression promoted colony formation, whereas lncHSAT164 knockdown promoted cell apoptosis and reduced colony formation by regulating the cell cycle.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Based on our lncRNA array, we identified a novel breast cancer-associated lncRNA and found that lncHSAT164 may contribute to breast cancer by regulating the cell cycle. These findings suggest a potential therapeutic target in breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912812

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of internal control of government procurement at public hospitals.Methods:Literature review and Delphi method were used to construct the internal control evaluation index system of government procurement at public hospitals, and the weight of the index system was determined by analytic hierarchy process. The index system was used to evaluate the internal control of government procurement in Hospital Z.Results:The evaluation index system of government procurement internal control of public hospitals covers all aspects of the whole process of government procurement, including 2 level-1 indexes of government procurement internal control unit level and government procurement internal control business level, 11 level-2 indexes and 27 level-3 indexes. The internal control of government procurement of Hospital Z was evaluated with an evaluation score of 81.37 points, an evaluation result relatively effective.Conclusions:The evaluation index system of government procurement internal control of public hospitals constructed in this study could quantitatively evaluate the effectiveness of each sector of government procurement internal control of public hospitals. It could meet the basic evaluation requirements of internal control of government procurement at public hospitals.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the status quo of occupational engagement of junior nurses and related influencing factors, and to provide reference for managers to develop a positive incentive mechanism.Methods:From November 2020 to December 2020, 255 junior nursing staff with less than or equal to 3 years seniority at 3 tertiary general hospitals in Tianjin were selected. Questionnaire surveys were made on their occupational engagement, occupational values, job satisfaction for nursing, and general self-efficacy. Descriptive analysis and t test were used to probe into their current occupational engagement, and build a relational model on the occupational satisfaction, and the relational model of between their occupational values and self-efficiency in general of these nursing staff. Results:The total scoring of the occupational engagement scale for 255 junior nursing staff was 78.47±19.93, which was higher than the domestic norm level, and the difference was statistically significant( t=11.48, P<0.001). The results of the structural equation model showed that the overall effect on the occupational engagement of junior nurses from high to low were as follows: self-efficacy( β=0.599), professional values( β=0.323)and job satisfaction( β=0.275). Conclusions:These nursing staff feature high occupational engagement. Hospital administrators are recommended to strength training, provide timely support and incentives for their sustained improvement of self-efficiency, meet their individual career development needs for higher job satisfaction, and focus on shaping their occupational values as well.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912734

ABSTRACT

In order to optimize the clinical service experience and provide efficient, convenient and high-quality logistics services, a multi-campus hospital has taken a series of measures, including establishing a logistics one-stop service center, building a logistics operation and maintenance management platform based on mobile Internet, normalizing quality control circle activities, building logistics command and dispatch center and business data center, and establishing performance evaluation system of logistics service personnel, etc., to provide homogeneous logistics service. The practice of multi-campus logistics management based on one-stop service mode can improve the level of logistics service, improve the clinical experience of logistics service, improve the satisfaction and sense of belonging of logistics staff, and play an important role in improving the rapid response ability of the hospital.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912465

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression and ratio of CD4 +CD25 +Foxp3 +regulatory T cells (Tregs) to helper T cells 17 (Th17) in the peripheral blood of children with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). Method:54 children with newly diagnosed B-ALL in Children′s Hospital Capital Institute of Pediatrics from February 2017 to October 2019 were selected as the research subjects, with a median age of 4.9 (3.1 to 7.4) years. These children were divided into a pre-treatment group and a post-treatment group. According to the disease outcome after treatment, they were further divided into a complete remission group (45 cases), and a relapse/refractory group (9 cases). 20 healthy children were selected as the control group. Flow cytometry (FCM) was used to detect the proportions of CD4 +CD25 +Foxp3 +Treg cells and Th17 cells. The ratio of Treg/Th17 cells was calculated. Result:Before treatment, the proportion of Treg cells in the relapse/refractory group and the complete remission group (respectively 6.11±0.48, 6.20±1.16) were higher than those in the control group (4.89±1.46) (P<0.05), and the ratio of Treg/Th17 cells in peripheral blood of children with B-ALL in relapse/refractory stage and complete remission stage (respectively 8.34±2.14, 5.91±1.92) were higher than those in the control group (3.55±1.68) (P<0.05); The ratio of Treg/Th17 cells in the relapsed/refractory group was higher than that in the complete remission group (P<0.05). After treatment, the proportion of Treg cells and ratio of Treg/Th17 cells in peripheral blood of children with B-ALL in relapse/refractory stage (respectively 6.09±0.80, 7.37±1.19) were higher than those in complete remission stage (respectively 5.25±0.87, 4.22±1.50) and control group (respectively 4.89±1.46, 3.55±1.68) (P<0.05). Compared with that before treatment, children in complete remission stage after treatment had lower proportions of Treg cells and the ratio of Treg/Th17 cells, as well as higher proportions of Th17 cells in the peripheral blood (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the proportions of Treg cells and Treg/Th17 ratio between the pre-treatment group and the post-treatment group of children in relapse/refractory stage (P>0.05).Conclusion:In peripheral blood of children with B-ALL, there is a ratio change of Treg/Th17 cells caused by the increase of CD4 +CD25 +Foxp3 +Treg cells and the decrease of Th17 cells, which tends to be normal with the remission of the disease. Regular detection of Treg and Th17 cells helps to monitor the immune status and provide prognosis of children with B-ALL, and may provide a basis for the immunotherapy of B-ALL.

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