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1.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 68: e230001, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533662

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Quality of Life (QoL) has been a multifactorial concerning issue in oncology. We aimed to inspect the pre-operative QoL among patients with craniopharyngioma and to explore the potential correlations between parameters of QoL and clinical indices. Subjects and methods: We enrolled a total of 109 patients with craniopharyngioma. We utilized Short Form 36 (SF-36), Symptom Check List-90, Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire scale (GAD7), Patient Health Questionnaire Depression (PHQ9) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index to prospectively evaluated their QoL. Parameters of QoL along with clinical indices were compared among sub-groups divided according to Puget classification. Correlation analyses and regression analyses were performed to detect influential determinants to self-reported wellness. Results: Patients presented impaired QoL compared with general population ( p < 0.001), as assessed by SF-36. Correlation analyses indicated the detrimental influence resulting from central diabetes insipidus (CDI). Multivariate linear regression unveiled the adverse effect of CDI on Mental Component Summary (coefficient = −13.869, p = 0.007), GAD7 total score (coefficient = 2.072, p = 0.049) as well as PHQ9 total score (coefficient = 3.721, p = 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression verified CDI as a risk factor of developing depressive symptoms (OR = 6.160, p = 0.001). Conclusion: QoL of patients with craniopharyngioma was remarkably compromised before operation. CDI exerted detrimental influences on patients' QoL and it might serve as a marker for early identification of patients at risk of depression.

2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 621-626, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984758

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of depth of remission of induction chemotherapy on the overall prognosis of limited stage small cell lung cancer (L-SCLC). Methods: The study was a retrospective, L-SCLC patients who contained complete imaging data and underwent consecutive standardized treatments at the Department of Thoracic Radiation and Medical Oncology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University between January 2013 and June 2021 were included. To delineate the volume of tumor before and after induction chemotherapy and to calculate the depth of remission caused by the induced chemotherapy. The time receiver operating characteristic (timeROC) method was used to determine the optimal predictors for prognosis, multi-factor analysis using Cox risk proportional model. Results: A total of 104 patients were included in this study. The median PFS and OS of this cohort were 13.7 months and 20.9 months, respectively. It was observed by timeROC analysis that residual tumor volume after induction chemotherapy had the optimal predictive value of PFS at 1 year (AUC=0.86, 95% CI: 0.78~0.94) and OS at 2 years (AUC=0.76, 95% CI: 0.65~0.87). Multivariate analysis showed residual tumor volume after induction chemotherapy was the independent prognostic factor to PFS (HR=1.006, 95% CI: 1.003~1.009, P<0.01) and OS (HR=1.009, 95% CI: 1.005~1.012, P<0.001). For those whose residual tumor volume remitted to less than 10 cm(3) after induction chemotherapy, the favorable long-term outcomes could be achieved, regardless of their initial tumor load. Conclusion: The depth of remission of induction chemotherapy could be a promising prognostic predictor to the L-SCLC and provide the individualized treatment guidance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Induction Chemotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis
3.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1121-1128, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991871

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the interaction between obesity and diabetes, obesity and central obesity, central obesity and diabetes on hypertension.Methods:A questionnaire survey on 7 622 residents of Han Chinese ethnicity, aged 35-75 years, of Liangzhou district of Wuwei city were performed using multi-stage random sampling method in September to December 2018. Relative excess risk due to interaction, attributable proportion, synergy index, and 95% CI of the three were used to evaluate the additive interaction. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the multiplicative interaction. Results:Among the 7 622 residents, hypertension was detected in 3 212 residents, with a crude prevalence rate of 42.14% and a standardized incidence of 33.81%. There was a significant difference in incidence of hypertension between residents of different sexes, between residents at different ages, between obese residents and normal weight residents, between residents who had central obesity and those who had no central obesity, between residents who smoked and those who did not, between residents of different family economic situations, between residents who had different occupations, and between residents who had diabetes and those who had no diabetes (all P < 0.05). Getting primary, middle, and high school education was a protective factor against hypertension, while obesity, central obesity, diabetes, male gender, age greater than 45 years were the risk factors for hypertension. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that there was no additive interaction between obesity and diabetes, obesity and central obesity, central obesity and diabetes on hypertension. There was a multiplicative interaction between obesity and central obesity on hypertension ( P = 0.031, 95% CI: 0.53-0.97) and the interaction was antagonistic, but there were no multiplicative interaction between obesity and diabetes, central obesity and diabetes on hypertension. Conclusion:There was a negative multiplicative interaction between obesity and central obesity on hypertension.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1116-1120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991483

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application of "three-dimensional knowledge-objective" teaching combined with immersive clinical experience in nursing practice teaching in the operating room of department of ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology.Methods:A total of 86 nursing students who received practice teaching in the operating room of Department of Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaryngology in our hospital were selected as research subjects and were divided into control group and observation group using a simple random number table, with 43 students in each group. The students in the control group received traditional teaching, and those in the observation group received "three-dimensional knowledge-objective" teaching and immersive clinical experience. The two groups were assessed in terms of the effectiveness of classroom teaching, nursing quality score, and the score of the ability to handle nurse-patient dispute. SPSS 22.0 was used to perform the chi-square test and the t-test. Results:After training, both groups had significant increases in the scores of basic nursing, specialized nursing, equipment management, equipment coordination ability, patrol coordination ability, and document recording ability and the total score of all dimensions, and the observation group had significantly higher scores than the control group ( P<0.05). After training, both groups had significant increases in the scores of dispute identification ability, the ability of emergency response to dispute, nurse-patient communication skills, the awareness of nursing laws and regulations, and psychological stress adjustment ability and the total score of all dimensions, and the observation group had significantly higher scores than the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In the nursing practice teaching in the operating room of the department of ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology, "three-dimensional knowledge-objective" teaching combined with immersive clinical experience can improve the effectiveness of classroom teaching, enhance nursing quality, and strengthen the ability to handle nurse-patient dispute.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1988-1999, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999119

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major contributor to patient deaths worldwide, and its pathogenesis is complex and mortality rates are increasing every year. Numerous researches have shown that the gut microbiota and its metabolites were closely associated with the development of CVD, and gut microbiota was expected to be a potential new target for the treatment of CVD. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), characterized by its multi-component, multi-target and integrity, can play a therapeutic role in CVD by regulating the gut microbiota, which has obvious advantages in stabilizing the disease, improving heart function and enhancing quality of life, and is an ideal intestinal microecological regulator. Therefore, this review will mainly discuss the intimate association of gut microbiota and its metabolites with CVD, and the therapeutic strategies of TCM targeting gut microbiota to improve CVD, including regulating the composition of gut microbiota, protecting the intestinal mucosal barrier, influencing the intestinal immune function and modulating the metabolites of gut microbiota, in order to provide a reference for the research of TCM targeting gut microbiota for CVD.

6.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 65-67, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998525

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application and effect of signature verification technology in children's vaccination clinics (CVC) of Jiangsu Province in 2020. Methods The signature verification data were derived from the Jiangsu Provincial Vaccination Integrated Service Management Information System, and the inquiry and registration, informed consent, vaccine traceability code scanning and observation information of children's vaccination clinics in different regions were analyzed. 210 doses of vaccination information were randomly selected from CVCs in each county, and the length of vaccination services in different regions was compared. Results During 2020, all of CVCs in Jiangsu were equipped with signature verification technology, and the signature verification rate of each vaccination sector was more than 99.90%. The length of outpatient vaccination service and overall length of stay in southern Jiangsu were slightly shorter than those in other regions. Conclusion The introduction of electronic signature verification technology in CVCs can effectively standardize the vaccination. It is necessary to expand the functions of electronic signature verification equipment, strengthen data analysis and utilization, and guide vaccination scientifically.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2421-2431, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998310

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo systematically review the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic choledochoscopy combined with holmium laser lithotripsy through a meta-analysis. MethodsThis study was conducted based on PRISMA guidelines, with a PROSPERO registration number of CRD42023406221. Chinese databases including CNKI, Wanfang Data, and VIP and foreign language databases such as PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were searched for original articles on traditional laparotomy versus laparoscopic choledochoscopy combined with holmium laser lithotripsy in the treatment of bile duct stones. Dichotomous variables were assessed by odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI), while continuous variables were assessed by weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95%CI, and a sensitivity analysis was performed for outcome measures with relatively high heterogeneity. The Begg test and Egger test were used to evaluate publication bias. Stata 15.0 and Review Manager 5.3 were used to perform the statistical analysis. ResultsA total of 26 retrospective studies from China were included in this study, with 2 238 patients in total. The meta-analysis showed that compared with traditional laparotomy for the treatment of bile duct stones, laparoscopic choledochoscopy combined with holmium laser lithotripsy had significantly shorter time of operation (WMD=-1.26, 95%CI: -1.36 to -1.16, P<0.001), length of hospital stay (WMD=-1.93, 95%CI: -2.64 to -1.12, P <0.001), and time to bowel function recovery (WMD=-1.52, 95%CI: -1.68 to -1.35, P<0.001), significantly less intraoperative blood loss (WMD=-1.79, 95%CI: -1.93 to -1.66, P<0.001), a significantly lower rate of intraoperative residual stone (OR=0.15, 95%CI: 0.11-0.20, P<0.001), and significantly fewer complications (OR=0.17, 95%CI: 0.13-0.23, P<0.001). ConclusionCompared with traditional laparotomy, laparoscopic choledochoscopy combined with holmium laser lithotripsy shows better efficacy in the treatment of bile duct stones.

8.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 810-817, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994771

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients in plain-sand areas and loess hilly areas of Gansu province.Methods:A total of 1 599 T2DM patients who participated in chronic disease and risk factors monitoring and basic public health service management were selected by multi-stage stratified random sampling method in the sandy plain areas and loess hilly areas of Gansu province. Questionnaire survey, physical measurement and laboratory tests were performed. Multivariate binary logistic model was used to analyze the influencing factors.Results:The prevalence of DKD was 22.1% (174/787) among T2DM patients in the sandy plain areas and 19.1%(155/812) in the loess hilly area, respectively. Hypertension ( OR=3.022), hyperuricemia ( OR=2.114) and HbA1c≥7%( OR=2.231) were the risk factors for DKD in the plain-sand areas, and the risk of DKD increased with age. In the loess hilly areas, female sex ( OR=0.379) was the protective factor for DKD; while duration of disease≥10 years ( OR=2.476), hyperuricemia ( OR=1.907), HbA1c≥7% ( OR=1.927) were the risk factors for DKD; and the risk of DKD increased with the increase of age, and decreased with the increase of per capita monthly income. Conclusions:The prevalence of DKD and its influencing factors are different between sandy plain areas and loess hilly areas in Gansu province. The prevention and treatment of hypertension should be given more attention in sandy plain areas. In addition, the screening of DKD should be conducted among T2DM patients, particularly for those with old age, hyperuricemia and HbA1c≥7% in both areas of the province.

9.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 130-135, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993650

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of two-way referral service in referral and treatment of patients with coronary disease.Methods:A non-randomized controlled study was used, 80 patients with coronary disease who were referred to the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University through the fast referral channel, also called green referral channel (GRC) of telemedicine service mode from January 2021 to January 2022 were selected as the GRC referral group. A propensity score was used to match 110 patients from the same period with coronary disease who were referred to this hospital through conventional medical channels and had similar basic conditions such as age, gender, region and medical insurance type as the conventional referral group. The differences in disease severity, referral time, hospitalization cost and other indicators were compared using t-test, χ2 test and nonparametric test between the two groups, and the satisfaction of the GRC referral group was investigated. Results:The proportion of patients with heart function grade Ⅲ (NYHA grading), heart failure, atrial fibrillation and interventional therapy in the GRC referral group was significantly higher than conventional referral group (all P<0.05). The total referral time and bed waiting time of patients in the GRC referral group were significantly shorter than conventional referral group [14.16 (9.62, 25.61) vs 34.39 (28.51, 49.68) h, 2.13 (0.83, 6.64) vs 24.58 (20.27, 27.68) h] ( Z=8.465, 9.172, all P<0.001). The hospitalization cost, surgical treatment cost and material cost in GRC referral group were significantly higher than conventional referral group [24 755 (11 559, 56 521) vs 14 700 (9 375, 29 534) CNY, 6 013 (2 096, 8 256) vs 2 562 (2 044, 6 154) CNY, 12 093 (1 267, 35 689) vs 1 329 (826, 16 125) CNY] ( Z=2.814, 2.917, 3.353, all P<0.05), and the diagnosis cost was significantly lower than conventional referral group [4 878 (3 628, 6 847) vs 5 719 (4 228, 7 639) CNY] ( Z=2.323, P<0.05). In the GRC referral group, the satisfaction rates with referral process, visit time and patient experience were all above 90%. Conclusion:Two-way referral service based on telemedicine has a good application effect in the referral and treatment of patients with coronary disease.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 227-232, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of hypoxia-supported umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell (UC-MSC) on the expansion of cord blood mononuclear cell (MNC) in vitro.@*METHODS@#The isolated cord blood mononuclear cells were inoculated on the preestablished umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell layer and cultured under hypoxic conditions (3% O2) and the experimental groups were normoxia (MNCs were cultured under normoxic conditions), hypoxia (MNCs were cultured under hypoxic conditions), UC-MSC (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC under normoxic conditions), and UC-MSC+hypoxia (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC under hypoxic conditions). To further investigate the combinational effect of 3 factors of SCF+FL+TPO (SFT) on expansion of cord blood MNCs in vitro in hypoxia-supported UC-MSC culture system, the experiments were further divided into group A (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC and SFT under normoxic conditions), group B (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC under hypoxic conditions), group C (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC and SFT under hypoxic conditions). The number of nucleated cells (TNC), CD34+ cell, CFU and CD34+CXCR4+, CD34+CD49d+, CD34+CD62L+ cells of each groups were detected at 0, 7, 10 and 14 days, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with group hypoxia and UC-MSC, group UC-MSC+hypoxia effectively promoted the expansion of TNC, CD34+ cell and CFU, and upregulated the expression level of adhesion molecule and CxCR4 of the cord blood CD34+ cell(P<0.05). After culturing for 14 days, compared with group A and group B, group C effectively promoted the expansion of cord blood MNC at different time points(P<0.05), and the effect of group A was better than that of group B at 7 and 10 days(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Hypoxia-supported UC-MSC efficiently promoted the expansion and expression of adhesion molecule and CXCR4 of cord blood CD34+ cell, and the effect of expansion could be enhanced when SFT 3 factors were added.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cells, Cultured , Fetal Blood , Cell Proliferation , Umbilical Cord/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Antigens, CD34/metabolism , Hypoxia/metabolism
11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 65-70, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964372

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To describe the current situation of leisure time physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep duration of children and adolescents aged 6-14 in Beijing, and provide a reference basis for guiding school age children to carry out reasonable physical activities and formulating effective intervention measures.@*Methods@#A multistage stratified cluster random sampling method was used to investigate the nutritional and health status of 3 460 students in the first,third,fifth and seventh grades. Through the questionnaire surveys, the basic information of children and families and the activity information of children physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep were collected and statistically analyzed.@*Results@#The results showed that the median time of children daily leisure time physical activity (LTPA) was 20.0 (8.6, 38.6) min, children in suburb areas (18.6 min) and seventh grade (14.3 min) had shorter LTPA time( Z/H =5.12,119.11, P <0.01). The average daily sleep duration of children was (8.71 ± 0.76) h, the proportion of school age children with insufficient sleep reached 54.7%. With an increase in grades, the incidence of insufficient sleep increased significantly ( χ 2=407.13, P <0.01). The median daily sedentary time of children was 195.7(145.0, 255.7 ) min, and 84.5% of children engaged in more than two hours of sedentary behavior every day. Urban (202.9 min) and obese children (210.4 min) had longer sedentary behavior time, and with the increase in grade, the daily sedentary behavior time of children gradually increased ( Z/H =5.04,14.83,637.98, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Children and adolescents aged 6-14 years in Beijing have less LTPA time, too much sedentary time, and insufficient sleep duration. Grade is an important factor affecting physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep duration of children, and body shape may be related to their sedentary behavior and sleep time.It is suggested that targeted policies should be adopted for children of different grades to increase their physical activity and reduce their sedentary behavior to promote their healthy development.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 471-476, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964251

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the differences of myopia and ocular biological parameters of primary and middle school students in Urumqi.METHODS: A cross-sectional survey. A total of 2 495 primary and middle school students aged 7 to 18 from 4 schools in Urumqi were selected by judgemental sampling from September 2021 to November 2021 for relevant eye examination. The differences of ocular biological parameters and refractive status of students of different ages, genders and nationalities were compared, and the correlation between spherical equivalent(SE)and ocular biological parameters was analyzed.RESULTS: The detection rate of poor vision among the students was 80.36%, the detection rate of myopia was 55.91%, and the detection rate of astigmatism was 42.96%, among which the detection rate of low myopia was 63.80%, the detection rate of moderate myopia was 27.60%, and the detection rate of high myopia was 8.60%. There were significant differences in the detection rate of poor vision, myopia, astigmatism, SE and some ocular biological parameters among students of different ages and nationalities(all P<0.05). Among them, the detection rate of myopia, astigmatism and poor vision among Uygur and Kazakh ethnic groups was significantly lower than that of Han. The detection rate of poor vision and myopia among boys was lower than that among girls, while the detection rate of astigmatism was higher than that of girls. Spearman correlation analysis showed that axis length of eye, axial length to axial ratio, anterior chamber depth, and pupil diameter were negatively correlated with SE(rs=-0.664, -0.724, -0.320, -0.086, all P<0.001), and lens thickness was positively correlated with SE(rs=0.147, P<0.001).CONCLUSION: The prevalence of myopia among primary and secondary school students in Urumqi is high, and there are differences in the distribution of ocular biological parameters among children and adolescents of different ages and ethnicities.

13.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1643-1656, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978834

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences in the influencing factors for acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) and infectious pancreatic necrosis (IPN) between Eastern and Western countries, and to provide a theoretical basis for the prediction and prevention of ANP. Methods Databases including PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were searched for articles on the influencing factors for ANP and IPN published up to January 21, 2021, and a Meta-analysis was performed. Results A total of 59 studies were included, with 22 studies from Eastern countries and 37 studies from Western countries.The Meta-analysis showed that in Eastern countries, male sex (odds ratio[ OR ]=1.51, 95% confidence interval[ CI ]: 1.18-1.91, P < 0.01), C-reactive protein (CRP)(standardized mean difference[ SMD ]=1.39, 95% CI : 1.06-1.71, P < 0.01), D-dimer ( SMD =0.44, 95% CI : 0.07-0.81, P =0.02), Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE-Ⅱ) score (mean difference[ MD ]=3.51, 95% CI : 1.38-5.64, P < 0.01), alcoholic etiology ( OR =3.57, 95% CI : 2.68-4.75, P < 0.01), and biliary etiology ( OR =0.60, 95% CI : 0.46-0.77, P < 0.01) were the influencing factors for ANP, and in Western countries, male sex ( OR =1.63, 95% CI : 1.30-2.05, P < 0.01), CRP ( SMD =2.09, 95% CI : 1.12-3.05, P < 0.01), APACHE-Ⅱ score ( MD =4.28, 95% CI : 2.73-5.83, P < 0.01), Ranson score ( MD =2.99, 95% CI : 2.50-3.47, P < 0.01), and organ failure ( OR =10.87, 95% CI : 2.62-45.04, P < 0.01) were the influencing factors for ANP.In Eastern countries, age ( MD =2.16, 95% CI : 0.43-3.89, P =0.01), body mass index (BMI)( MD =1.74, 95% CI : 1.23-2.25, P < 0.01), albumin level ( SMD =-0.43, 95% CI : -0.75 to-0.12, P < 0.01), CRP ( SMD =0.58, 95% CI : 0.04-1.11, P =0.03), procalcitonin ( SMD =0.80, 95% CI : 0.56-1.04, P < 0.01), D-dimer ( MD =0.23, 95% CI : 0.15-0.31, P < 0.01), APACHE-Ⅱ score ( MD =2.47, 95% CI : 0.73-4.22, P < 0.01), Ranson score ( MD =1.60, 95% CI : 1.46-1.73, P < 0.01), and extent of necrosis ≥30%( OR =2.52, 95% CI : 1.26-5.06, P < 0.01) were the influencing factors for IPN, while in Western countries, age ( MD =4.07, 95% CI : 1.82-6.31, P < 0.01), APACHE-Ⅱ score ( MD =3.28, 95% CI : 1.39-5.17, P < 0.01), Ranson score ( MD =2.18, 95% CI : 1.75-2.62, P < 0.01), SIRS score ( OR =3.88, 95% CI : 1.58-9.51, P < 0.01), alcoholic etiology ( OR =0.61, 95% CI : 0.42-0.87, P < 0.01), and organ failure ( OR =3.63, 95% CI : 1.11-11.92, P =0.03) were the influencing factors for IPN. Conclusion Current evidence shows that biliary etiology and alcoholic etiology are unique influencing factors for ANP in the Eastern population, while Ranson score is a unique influencing factor in the Western population.BMI and extent of necrosis ≥30% are unique influencing factors for IPN in the Eastern population, while alcoholic etiology is a unique influencing factor in the Western population.

14.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 248-252, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976251

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the morbidity and mortality characteristics and prevalence trends of asopharyngeal carcinoma among registered residents in Yuyao City of Zhejiang Province from 2012 to 2021, and to provide suggestions for the prevention and treatment of the cancer. MethodsThe incidence and mortality data of asopharyngeal carcinoma in Yuyao City from 2012 to 2021 were collected. The incidence, mortality, standardized rate, cut-off rate, cumulative rate and annual percentage of trend change were calculated. A linear logarithmic model was used to analyze the variation trend. ResultsFrom 2012 to 2021, the crude incidence rate was 6.46/105 in Yuyao, while the Chinese standard rate was 4.78/105 and the world standard rate was 3.68/105, which all increased over the years. The indicators in males were higher than these in females (χ2=85.377, P<0.01). The cumulative incidence rate of ≥65 years old group was the highest (13.63/105). The crude mortality rate was 2.45/105, while the Chinese standardized rate was 1.47/105 and the world standard rate was 1.14/105. The crude mortality rate in males was 3.25/105,which was higher than females(1.68/105)(χ2=20.958, P<0.01). Overall, the cumulative rate was highest reached its peak in ≥75 years old group (10.75/105). The male mortality rate reached its peak in the ≥80-year-old population (12.36/105), and the female mortality rate in ≥75 years old group (11.03/105). ConclusionThe incidence rate of asopharyngeal carcinoma in Yuyao City is generally increasing, but the mortality rate has no obvious variation. The key population for prevention and treatment in Yuyao City is male, middle-aged and elderly.

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1237-1241, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973626

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the effects of posaconazole combined with proton pump inhibitors (PPI) on the blood concentration and the risk of invasive fungal disease (IFD) in patients with malignant hematological disorder. METHODS In accordance with the random number table method, 40 patients with malignant hematological disorders who were admitted to the hematology department of our hospital between December 2020 and December 2021 were chosen and divided into control group (20 cases) and observation group (20 cases). The control group received Posaconazole oral suspension alone, while the observation group received Posaconazole oral suspension combined with PPI. The incidence of IFD, attainment rate of blood concentration, the time from the start of prophylaxis to IFD onset, the fatality associated with IFD, treatment of infected patients, and blood concentrations of posaconazole on 7th, 14th, 21st, and 28th day after posaconazole application were compared between 2 groups; the occurrence of adverse events during drug administration in the two groups was recorded. RESULTS The study was stopped because 2 patients in the observation group and 9 patients in the control group received hospital departures after taking posaconazole for fewer than 7 days. The incidence of IFD in the observation group was significantly higher than control group, and the attainment rate of blood concentration in the observation group was significantly lower than control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the time from the start of prophylaxis to IFD onset, the fatality associated with IFD, treatment of infected patients and the incidence of adverse events (P> 0.05). The blood concentration of posaconazole in the observation group was significantly lower than control group on 7th day of medication (P<0.05); there was no significant in blood concentration of posaconazole between 2 groups on the 14th day of medication (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS Posaconazole combined with PPI can reduce the blood concentration of patients with malignant hematological disorders, increase the risk of IFD. Clinical practice should try to avoid the combination of the two or use them under the guidance of therapeutic drug monitoring.

16.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 57-68, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971536

ABSTRACT

PiT2 is an inorganic phosphate (Pi) transporter whose mutations are linked to primary familial brain calcification (PFBC). PiT2 mainly consists of two ProDom (PD) domains and a large intracellular loop region (loop7). The PD domains are crucial for the Pi transport, but the role of PiT2-loop7 remains unclear. In PFBC patients, mutations in PiT2-loop7 are mainly nonsense or frameshift mutations that probably cause PFBC due to C-PD1131 deletion. To date, six missense mutations have been identified in PiT2-loop7; however, the mechanisms by which these mutations cause PFBC are poorly understood. Here, we found that the p.T390A and p.S434W mutations in PiT2-loop7 decreased the Pi transport activity and cell surface levels of PiT2. Furthermore, we showed that these two mutations attenuated its membrane localization by affecting adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)- or protein kinase B (AKT)-mediated PiT2 phosphorylation. In contrast, the p.S121C and p.S601W mutations in the PD domains did not affect PiT2 phosphorylation but rather impaired its substrate-binding abilities. These results suggested that missense mutations in PiT2-loop7 can cause Pi dyshomeostasis by affecting the phosphorylation-regulated cell-surface localization of PiT2. This study helps understand the pathogenesis of PFBC caused by PiT2-loop7 missense mutations and indicates that increasing the phosphorylation levels of PiT2-loop7 could be a promising strategy for developing PFBC therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Membrane , Mutation, Missense , Phosphates/metabolism , Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins, Type III/genetics
17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 254-259, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961706

ABSTRACT

Zhishi Xiebai Guizhitang is a classical prescription for the treatment of chest impediment with the method of warming Yang. It is included in the Catalogue of Ancient Classical Prescriptions issued by the National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (First Batch), with the effect of activating Yang, dissipating mass, moving Qi and resolving phlegm. Its main symptoms include chest fullness and pain, or even chest pain radiating to the back, wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and Qi reversal from the hypochondrium. In modern traditional Chinese medicine, Zhishi Xiebai Guizhitang is clinically used in the treatment of cardiovascular system, digestive system, respiratory system and other diseases, among which coronary heart disease, unstable angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, sinus bradycardia and other cardiovascular diseases have particularly significant effects. This paper reviewed the pharmacological studies of Zhishi Xiebai Guizhitang in the past 10 years. The results showed that each single medicine and the whole prescription alleviated the above cardiovascular diseases to a certain extent, with the pharmacological effects of improving intravascular environment, myocardial ischemia, myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury, and myocardial hypoxia, anti-inflammation, plaque stabilisation, etc., and the pharmacological mechanism involved the regulation of relevant active substances in vivo as well as related signaling pathways and ion channels, mainly including thromboxane B2 (TXB2), prostacyclin I2(PGI2) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases/protein kinase B/endothelial nitric oxide synthase (PI3K/Akt/eNOS) signaling pathways, and ATP-sensitive potassium channels. In addition, the relationship between the pharmacological effects of some single medicines and transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) has been reported that TRPA1 is a key to understanding the mechanism of Zhishi Xiebai Guizhitang in treating cardiovascular diseases, which is worth of further study.

18.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 25-30, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959040

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influencing factors of second primary cancer (SPC) in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Methods The Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database of the National Cancer Institute was used to extract data, and SEER*Stat program 8.4.0 was used to calculate the standardized incidence rate ratio (SIR) and absolute excess rate (AER). In addition, Cox regression models were used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) of different age, race, sex, chemotherapy, and radiation and other factors for secondary tumors by R 4.2.1, and Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot the cumulative incidence. Results A total of 22 407 cases were included, and the person-years of follow-up were 142780.82. There was a total of 436 SPC cases, 32 of which developed multiple cancers. The median time of secondary cancers was 47.5 months. Patients with ALL had a higher risk of SPC than the general population (SIR=2.27; 95% , CI:2.07-2.50), and the most observed SPC was lymphatic and hematopoietic system, with an SIR of 6.96 (95% CI:5.94-8.11). The risk of SPC in ALL patients diagnosed in different time periods showed an upward trend, from 1.98 in 2000 to 2.38 in 2019. With the increase of age, the risk of SPC in ALL patients gradually decreased. Chemotherapy reduced the risk of SPC (HR=0.26; 95%CI: 0.19-0.36), while radiotherapy increased the risk of SPC by 59.60% (HR=1.57; 95% CI: 1.23-2.00). Conclusion In the future, chemotherapy is recommended for ALL patients to reduce radiation exposure during radiotherapy, and more attention should be paid to the health status of ALL patients within 1-5 years after their onset.

19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 680-688, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986837

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prognostic value of preoperative inflammatory and nutritional condition detection in the postoperative survival, and establish a prognostic model for predicting the survival of patients with gastric cancer. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 1123 patients with gastric cancer who had undergone radical gastrectomy in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute & Hospital from January 2005 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with history of other malignancy, with history of gastrectomy, who had received preoperative treatment, who died during the initial hospital stay or first postoperative month, and missing clinical and pathological information were excluded. Cox univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify independent clinicopathological factors associated with the survival of these gastric cancer patients. Cox univariate analysis was used to identify preoperative inflammatory and nutritional indexes related to the survival of patients with gastric cancer after radical gastrectomy. Moreover, the Cox proportional regression model for multivariate survival analysis (forward stepwise regression method based on maximum likelihood estimation) was used. The independent clinicopathological factors that affect survival were incorporated into the following three new prognostic models: (1) an inflammatory model: significant preoperative inflammatory indexes identified through clinical and univariate analysis; (2) a nutritional model: significant preoperative nutritional indexes identified through clinical and univariate analysis; and (3) combined inflammatory/nutritional model: significant preoperative inflammatory and nutritional indexes identified through clinical and univariate analysis. A model that comprised only pT and pN stages in tumor TNM staging was used as a control model. The integrated area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (iAUC) and C-index were used to evaluate the discrimination of the model. Model fitting was evaluated by Akaike information criterion analysis. Calibration curves were used to assess agreement between the predicted probabilities and actual probabilities at 3-year or 5-year overall survival (OS). Results: The study cohort comprised 1 123 patients with gastric cancer. The mean age was 58.9±11.6 years, and 783 were males. According to univariate analysis, age, surgical procedure, extent of lymph node dissection, tumor location, maximum tumor size, number of examined lymph nodes, pT stage, pN stage, and nerve invasion were associated with 5-year OS after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer (all P<0.050). Multivariate analysis further identified age (HR: 1.18, 95%CI: 1.03-1.36, P=0.019), maximum tumor size (HR: 1.19, 95%CI: 1.03-1.38, P=0.022), number of examined lymph nodes (HR: 0.79, 95%CI: 0.68-0.92, P=0.003), pT stage (HR: 1.40, 95%CI: 1.26-1.55, P<0.001) and pN stage (HR: 1.28, 95%CI: 1.21-1.35, P<0.001) as independent prognostic factors for OS of gastric cancer patients. Additionally, according to univariate survival analysis, the preoperative inflammatory markers of neutrophil count, percentage of neutrophils, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, platelet/neutrophil ratio and preoperative nutritional indicators of serum albumin and body mass index were potential prognostic factors for gastric cancer (all P<0.05). On the basis of the above results, three models for prediction of prognosis were constructed. Variables included in the three models are as follows. (1) Inflammatory model: age, maximum tumor size, number of examined lymph nodes, pT stage, pN stage, percentage of neutrophils, and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio; (2) nutritional model: age, maximum tumor size, number of examined lymph nodes, pT stage, pN stage, and serum albumin; and (3) combined inflammatory/nutritional model: age, maximum tumor size, number of examined lymph nodes, pT stage, pN stage, percentage of neutrophils, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, and serum albumin. We found that the predictive accuracy of the combined inflammatory/nutritional model, which incorporates both inflammatory indicators and nutrition indicators (iAUC: 0.676, 95% CI: 0.650-0.719, C-index: 0.698),was superior to that of the inflammation model (iAUC: 0.662, 95% CI: 0.673-0.706;C-index: 0.675), nutritional model (iAUC: 0.666, 95% CI: 0.642-0.698, C-index: 0.672), and TNM staging control model (iAUC: 0.676, 95% CI: 0.650-0.719, C-index: 0.658). Furthermore, the combined inflammatory/nutritional model had better fitting performance (AIC: 10 762) than the inflammatory model (AIC: 10 834), nutritional model (AIC: 10 810), and TNM staging control model (AIC: 10 974). Conclusions: Preoperative percentage of neutrophils, NLR, and BMI have predictive value for the prognosis of gastric cancer patients. The inflammatory / nutritional model can be used to predict the survival and prognosis of gastric cancer patients on an individualized basis.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Gastrectomy , Serum Albumin
20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1151-1156, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985647

ABSTRACT

Cancer is a major public health problem worldwide, causing an more serious burden of disease. Inflammation is considered a predisposing factor for cancer with close relationship with its incidence. In recent years, the public and epidemiologists has paid more attention to the association between nutrition and cancer and other chronic diseases in the perspective of inflammation. This paper summarizes the development and application of the diet-related inflammatory index in cancer epidemiological studies based on the literature retrieval of common diet-related inflammatory index. Firstly, we highlight the common diet-related inflammatory indices and their construction methods, such as the Dietary Inflammatory Index, a literature-derived diet-related inflammatory index, and the Empirical Dietary Inflammatory Index, an empirically derived diet-related inflammatory index, and so on. Secondly, the epidemiological research progress on the commonly used diet-related inflammatory indices is briefly introduced. Finally, the advantages and disadvantages of the two types of this inflammatory indices are also briefly described for the purpose of providing reference for nutrition epidemiological studies of cancer and other chronic diseases in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diet , Inflammation , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Epidemiologic Studies , Chronic Disease
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