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1.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 45(1): 239-242, 2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-709485

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the molecular mechanism of fluoroquinolones resistance in Mycoplasma hominis (MH) clinical strains isolated from urogenital specimens. 15 MH clinical isolates with different phenotypes of resistance to fluoroquinolones antibiotics were screened for mutations in the quinolone resistance-determining regions (QRDRs) of DNA gyrase (gyrA and gyrB) and topoisomerase IV (parC and parE) in comparison with the reference strain PG21, which is susceptible to fluoroquinolones antibiotics. 15 MH isolates with three kinds of quinolone resistance phenotypes were obtained. Thirteen out of these quinolone-resistant isolates were found to carry nucleotide substitutions in either gyrA or parC. There were no alterations in gyrB and no mutations were found in the isolates with a phenotype of resistance to Ofloxacin (OFX), intermediate resistant to Levofloxacin (LVX) and Sparfloxacin (SFX), and those susceptible to all three tested antibiotics. The molecular mechanism of fluoroquinolone resistance in clinical isolates of MH was reported in this study. The single amino acid mutation in ParC of MH may relate to the resistance to OFX and LVX and the high-level resistance to fluoroquinolones for MH is likely associated with mutations in both DNA gyrase and the ParC subunit of topoisomerase IV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Fluoroquinolones/pharmacology , Mutation, Missense , Mycoplasma Infections/microbiology , Mycoplasma hominis/drug effects , Reproductive Tract Infections/microbiology , DNA Gyrase/genetics , DNA Topoisomerase IV/genetics , Mycoplasma hominis/genetics , Mycoplasma hominis/isolation & purification
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 489-493, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353369

ABSTRACT

The contents of gallic acid, catechin, albiflorin, paeoniflorin, benzoic acid and paeonol extracted in different growth years, collecting season and of different parts of Paeonia lactiflora were determined. The results showed that the contents of catechin and paeoniflorin in Paeonia lactiflora collected in autumn are the highest, and the contents of benzoic acid was lower than that of those collected at other time. The longer is the age of Paeonia lactiflora, the higher is the contents of catechin and paeoniflorin. The contents of catechin and paeoniflorin in the root of Paeonia lactiflora were higher than those in other parts of the plant. There is a certain content of paeoniflorin in the leaves of Paeonia lactiflora. Judging from the result, paeoniflorin is synthesized in the leaf and then transported to the root. Catechin is not synthesized in the leaf, but mainly in the root. Paeonia lactiflora should be collected in autumn, and immature plant should not be collected.


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Benzoates , Benzoic Acid , Bridged-Ring Compounds , Catechin , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gallic Acid , Glucosides , Monoterpenes , Paeonia , Chemistry , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Seasons
3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 279-281, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238911

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the feasibility of the operation of minimal invasive with gallbladder preserved via choledochoscopy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From February 1992 to June 2006, there were 760 patients who underwent cholecystolithiasis treated with the minimal invasive operation with gallbladder preserved via choledochoscopy, among which there were 428 males and 332 females, aged from 18 to 81 years old. All cases were diagnosed by ultrasonography and their gallbladder functions were proved normal by the examination of oral cholecystography or ECT before operation. In the operation gallstones were removed from gallbladder completely.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 612 cases who were followed up for 1-15 years and the follow-up rate was 80.5%. All patients recovered well after operation. The post-operation rate of recurrence of gallstone was 0.49%, 4.39%, 5.83%, 6.60%, 7.21% and 8.38% within the first year, the second year, the third year, the fifth year, the seventh year and the ninth year respectively, rate of recurrence of gallstone were 10.11% within both the tenth and the fifteenth year.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The minimal invasive operation with gallbladder preserved via choledochoscopy is effective to cholecystolithiasis patients whose gallbladder function is normal. It is a feasible operation that preserves the normal functional gallbladder and improves the patients' life quality.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cholecystolithiasis , General Surgery , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Methods , Feasibility Studies , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gallbladder , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
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