Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 8 de 8
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 716-724, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878011

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Obesity is a fundamental factor in metabolic disorders such as hyperlipidemia, insulin resistance, fatty liver, and atherosclerosis. However, effective preventive measures are still lacking. This study aimed to investigate different surgical protocols for removing partial adipose tissue before the onset of obesity and determine whether, and by which protocol, preliminary adipose removal could exert potent preventive effects against diet-induced metabolic disorders.@*METHODS@#Male low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDL-R) knockout (KO) mice were randomly divided into four groups and subjected to epididymal fat removal (Epi-FR) surgery, subcutaneous fat removal (suQ-FR) surgery, both subcutaneous and epididymal fat removal (Epi + suQ-FR) surgery, or sham-operation. After 1 week of recovery, all mice were given a high-fat diet (HFD) for 10 weeks to induce metabolic disorders.@*RESULTS@#In the Epi-FR group and the sham-operated group, the mean numbers of the residual subcutaneous fat were 28.59 mg/g and 18.56 mg/g, respectively. The expression of relative genes such as Pparg, Cebpa, Dgat2, Fabp4 and Cd36 in the residual subcutaneous fat increased 2.62, 3.90, 3.11, 2.06, 1.78 times in the Epi-FR group compared with that in the sham-operated group. Whereas in the other fat-removal groups, the residual fat depots had no significant change in either size or gene expression, as compared with those of the sham-operated group. Plasma lipid and glucose levels and insulin sensitivity, as detected by the glucose tolerance test, were not significantly alleviated in the three fat removal groups. Liver mass or lipid content was not attenuated in any of the three fat removal groups. The atherosclerosis burdens in the entire inner aorta and aortic root did not decrease in any of the three fat removal groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our data suggest that removal of epididymal adipose or subcutaneous adipose alone or in combination before the onset of obesity did not protect against hyperlipidemia, insulin resistance, fatty liver, or atherosclerosis in LDL-R KO mice fed with a HFD. Hence, adipose removal possibly does not represent a potential approach in preventing obesity-related metabolic disorders in the obesity-susceptible population.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Animals , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Insulin Resistance , Liver , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Obesity , Subcutaneous Fat
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827441

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To develop a new Chinese medicine (CM)-based drug and to evaluate its safety and effect for suppressing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in COVID-19 patients.@*METHODS@#A putative ARDS-suppressing drug Keguan-1 was first developed and then evaluated by a randomized, controlled two-arm trial. The two arms of the trial consist of a control therapy (alpha interferon inhalation, 50 µg twice daily; and lopinavir/ritonavir, 400 and 100 mg twice daily, respectively) and a testing therapy (control therapy plus Keguan-1 19.4 g twice daily) by random number table at 1:1 ratio with 24 cases each group. After 2-week treatment, adverse events, time to fever resolution, ARDS development, and lung injury on newly diagnosed COVID-19 patients were assessed.@*RESULTS@#An analysis of the data from the first 30 participants showed that the control arm and the testing arm did not exhibit any significant differences in terms of adverse events. Based on this result, the study was expanded to include a total of 48 participants (24 cases each arm). The results show that compared with the control arm, the testing arm exhibited a significant improvement in time to fever resolution (P=0.035), and a significant reduction in the development of ARDS (P=0.048).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Keguan-1-based integrative therapy was safe and superior to the standard therapy in suppressing the development of ARDS in COVID-19 patients. (Trial registration No. NCT04251871 at www.clinicaltrials.gov ).


Subject(s)
Administration, Inhalation , Adult , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Administration Schedule , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Interferon-alpha , Lopinavir , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Risk Assessment , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Severity of Illness Index , Survival Rate
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827079

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To develop a new Chinese medicine (CM)-based drug and to evaluate its safety and effect for suppressing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in COVID-19 patients.@*METHODS@#A putative ARDS-suppressing drug Keguan-1 was first developed and then evaluated by a randomized, controlled two-arm trial. The two arms of the trial consist of a control therapy (alpha interferon inhalation, 50 µg twice daily; and lopinavir/ritonavir, 400 and 100 mg twice daily, respectively) and a testing therapy (control therapy plus Keguan-1 19.4 g twice daily) by random number table at 1:1 ratio with 24 cases each group. After 2-week treatment, adverse events, time to fever resolution, ARDS development, and lung injury on newly diagnosed COVID-19 patients were assessed.@*RESULTS@#An analysis of the data from the first 30 participants showed that the control arm and the testing arm did not exhibit any significant differences in terms of adverse events. Based on this result, the study was expanded to include a total of 48 participants (24 cases each arm). The results show that compared with the control arm, the testing arm exhibited a significant improvement in time to fever resolution (P=0.035), and a significant reduction in the development of ARDS (P=0.048).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Keguan-1-based integrative therapy was safe and superior to the standard therapy in suppressing the development of ARDS in COVID-19 patients. (Trial registration No. NCT04251871 at www.clinicaltrials.gov ).


Subject(s)
Administration, Inhalation , Adult , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Administration Schedule , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Interferon-alpha , Lopinavir , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Risk Assessment , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Severity of Illness Index , Survival Rate
4.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 62-65, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706494

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for primary hepatic fibrosarcoma so as to enhance the cognition for primary hepatic fibrosarcoma. Methods: The clinical documents, laboratory data and manifestations of MRI and pathology of 1 patient with primary hepatic fibrosarcoma were researched by using retrospective analysis, and the previously relevant literatures were combined to analyze and summarize MRI imaging characteristic of primary hepatic fibrosarcoma. Results: The primary hepatic fibrosarcoma has series of characteristics included of lower incidence, wider range of age, usual occurrence in male, without hepatitis history and background of liver cirrhosis, without specificity on clinical symptoms, sign and laboratory examination, and with symptoms of stomachache and glycopenia in part of patients. And the manifestations of MRI included that liver has larger phyma, and the most of boundary of phyma were clearness, and the necrosis, cystic change and bleeding could be found in inner of phyma, and there was no calcification, and hematogenous metastasis often occurred and lymphatic metastasis was rare. The enhanced scan showed that tumor wall, tumor septa and solid component have been continuously enhanced. And the pathological manifestation of primary hepatic fibrosarcoma showed that it was spindle cell sarcoma. And the results of immunohistochemistry indicated that alpha fetoprotein (AFP) was (-), and smooth muscle actin (SMA) was (+) and vimentin was (+). Conclusion: Hepatic fibrosarcoma is rare in clinical practice, but its malignancy is pretty high and its prognosis is poor. To enhance the cognition about the characteristics of MRI about primary hepatic fibrosarcoma would contribute to correctly diagnose it.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 125-128, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246734

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To characterize the clinical, laboratory, imaging and pathological features of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and investigate the impact of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) therapy on patient prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The medical records of 22 patients diagnosed with PSC between 2002 and 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. The PSC diagnosis had been made in patients with suspect biochemical abnormalities following evaluation by magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and/or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC). Fibrosis and inflammation were assessed by immunohistochemical analyses of tissue biopsies. Outcome of patients treated with UDCA (13-15 mg/kg/day, oral) were compared to that of patients without UDCA treatment by the X2 or corrected X2 tests.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 22 PSC patients, the majority was male (n=15) and presented with fatigue, dark urine, and body weight loss (n=15). Four cases had ulcerative colitis. At admission, all 22 cases showed elevated levels of alkaline phosphatase[ALP: (348+/-184) U/L], 19 cases showed elevated alanine aminotransferase [ALT: (94.0+/-67.0) U/L] and aspartate aminotransferase [AST: (98.0+/-67.0) U/L], and 15 cases showed elevated levels of total bilirubin (99.0+/-115.0) mumol/L and direct bilirubin (74.4+/-92.4 mumol/L. ERCP examination showed segmental intrahepatic bile duct stenosis with expansion, and stiff and enlarged gallbladder bile ducts, but unclear findings for the common bile ducts and pancreatic ducts. MRCP showed beading of the intrahepatic bile duct, stiffness of the bile duct wall, and dilation of the common bile duct. Fibrosis and inflammation were observed in the bile ducts, along with hyperplasia and the typical features of "onion skin" fibrosis and fibrous obliterative cholangitis. Five of the 10 patients treated with UDCA improved, and seven of the 12 patients in the non-UDCA treatment group improved. There was no statistically significant difference in outcome between the groups (paired X2=0.333, corrected X2=0.083, P more than 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PSC patients were predominantly male and the common clinical manifestations were fatigue, dark urine, and body weight loss. At admission, serum biochemical indicators of cholangitis were increased significantly and subsequent imaging studies confirmed the suspected diagnosis by showing obvious characteristic changes. UDCA treatment did not significantly improve patient prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Cholangiography , Methods , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangitis, Sclerosing , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 41-46, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290891

ABSTRACT

The effect of limb ischemic preconditioning (LIP) on ischemia-reperfused myocardium was examined in the urethane-anesthetized rats to determine whether LIP produces cardioprotection and to observe the roles of adenosine and neural reflex in this effect. The area at risk (AR) and infarct area (IA) were determined using Evans blue and nitro-blue tetrazolium staining respectively. Infarct size (IS) was defined as 100xIA/AR (%). The results obtained are as follows: (1) During 30 min myocardial ischemia and subsequent 120 min reperfusion, the myocardial infarct size occupied 51.48+/-0.82% of the area at risk. (2) LIP significantly reduced the myocardial infarct size to 35.14+/-0.88% (p<0.01 ), indicating the cardioprotective effect of such an intervention. (3) Femoral nerve section (FNS) completely abolished the cardioprotection afforded by LIP. (4) Intrafemoral artery injection of adenosine (10 nmol/kg) produced a similar effect to that of LIP, reducing the myocardial infarct size to 37.28+/-1.68%, while intrafemoral vein injection of the same dose of adenosine showed no effect. (5) Pretreatment with a selective adenosine A(1) receptor antagonist 8-cyclopentyl-1,diproylxanthine (DPCPX ) (32 nmol/kg) partially abolished the cardioprotection of LIP on myocardium. Taken together, it is concluded that LIP reduces infarct size following myocardial ischemia-reperfusion, and that the locally released adenosine and thereby the activated relevant neural pathway play an important role in the cardioprotection provided by LIP.


Subject(s)
Adenosine , Metabolism , Animals , Extremities , Ischemic Preconditioning , Male , Myocardial Infarction , Pathology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Pathology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 620-624, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352725

ABSTRACT

The effects of femoral nerve electrostimulation (FNES) on ischemia-reperfused myocardium were examined in the urethane- anesthetized rats to determine whether FNES may provide cardioprotection and to observe the possible mechanism. The area at risk (AR) and infarct area (IA) were determined using Evans blue and nitro-blue tetrazolium staining, respectively. Infarct size (IS) was defined as 100xIA/AR (%). The results are as follows: (1) During 30 min myocardial ischemia and subsequent 120 min reperfusion, the myocardial infarct size occupied (54.96+/-0.82)% of the area at risk. (2) FNES of high frequency (10 V, 100 Hz, 1 ms) significantly reduced myocardial infarct size to (36.94+/-1.34)% (P<0.01), indicating the cardioprotective effect FNES of high frequency on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion, while FNES of low frequency (10 V, 10 Hz, 1 ms) had no effect on myocardial infarct size. (3) Pretreatment with either naloxone (5 mg /kg, i.v), a nonselective opioid receptor antagonist, or glibenclamide (5 mg /kg, i.v), a K(ATP) channel antagonist, completely abolished the cardioprotection of FNES (100 Hz) from myocardial ischemia-reperfusion. It is suggested that FNES of high frequency can protect myocardium from ischemia-reperfusion injury. The possible mechanism is that FNES of high frequency may induce the release of opioids from the central nervous system, and the activation of opioid receptors in the heart results in an opening of myocardial K(ATP) channels which can protect myocardium.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electric Stimulation , Methods , Femoral Nerve , Glyburide , Pharmacology , Male , Myocardial Infarction , Pathology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Pathology , Naloxone , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Opioid , Metabolism
8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 708-712, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352710

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the electrophysiological effects of resveratrol on guinea pig papillary muscles and the underlying mechanism. Action potentials were recorded by using intracellular microelectrode technique. The results obtained are as follows: (1) In normal papillary muscles, resveratrol (30, 60, and 120 micromol/L) shortened the duration of action potential (APD) in a concentration-dependent manner. (2) In partially depolarized papillary muscles, resveratrol (60 micromol/L ) not only shortened APD, but also decreased the amplitude of action potential (APA), overshoot (OS) and maximal rate of depolarization in phase 0 (Vmax). (3) Perfusion with Ca2+-free K-H solution, completely abolished the effects of resveratrol (60 micromol/L) on papillary muscles. (4) Application of potassium channel blocker tetraethylammonium chloride (TEA, 20 mmol/L) did not prevent the effect of resveratrol (60 micromol/L) on action potential. (5) Pretreatment with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 1 mmol/L), a nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, failed to abolish the effect of resveratrol (60 micromol/L). All these results indicate that the electrophysiological effects of resveratrol on guinea pig papillary muscles are likely due to the reduction of calcium influx, which might not be mediated by NO.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Animals , Calcium Channel Blockers , Pharmacology , Guinea Pigs , In Vitro Techniques , Male , Microelectrodes , Papillary Muscles , Physiology , Stilbenes , Pharmacology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL