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Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 464-467, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792622


Objective To explore the risk factors for measles among children under 7 years old in Wenzhou, and to provideevidence for establishing scientific strategies on measles elimination. Methods A case-control study was carried out usingmeasles cases(age <7) reported between 2013 to 2015 from the Wenzhou Measles Surveillance System (WZMSS) . Asample of 198 cases were generated from the WZMSS confirmed cases of measles, and 371 controls were generated from theWZMSS excluded cases of measles. General characteristics and potential risk factors were collected, such as sex, age,original place of residence, length of stay in Wenzhou, history of hospital exposure and measles immunization history(i.e.receiving measles-containing vaccine) and so on. An univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used toassess the association between different factors and the incidence of measles , and to investigate the risk factors that influencethe incidence of measles. Results A total of 198 measles cases among children under age 7 were reported between 2013 to2015 in Wenzhou, taking up 67.58% of the total reported measles cases of WZMSS, and suggesting an average of annualincidence rate of 8.85/10 million. The incidence ratio of male to female was 1.57:1.00. Children of 6-8 months old had thehighest incidence rate of 151.66/10 million. The incidence rate among migrant children was 15.01/10 million and wassignificantly higher thanlocal children(P<0.05) . Univariate logistic regression showed that the incidence of measles weresignificantly associated with age, original place of residence, length of stay in Wenzhou, history of hospital exposure andmeasles immunization history(P<0.05) . Multivariate logistic regression showed that migrant children(OR =2.28, 95%CI:1.56-3.33), no measles immunization history(OR=3.83, 95%CI: 2.48-5.92) and having hospital exposure(OR =2.35, 95%CI: 1.58-3.47) were risk factors for the incidence of measles. Conclusion Children of 6-8 months old had thehighest incidence rate of measles. Migrant children, nomeasles immunization history and having hospital exposurecould increase the incidence rate of measles among children younger than 7.

Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 325-327,331, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792482


Objective ToinvestigateanimportedcaseofZikavirusdiseaseinWenzhouCity,toexplorethesourceof infection,to analyse the problems during surveillance and diagnosis,and to provide evidence for prevention and control of Zikavirusdisease.Methods Byfieldinvestigation,medicalrecordsofthepatientwerecollectedandaface-to-face interview was conducted;blood,urine and saliva samples within 48 h were collected for RNA detection;assess the risk of diseasespreadingbymosquitosurveillanceandtakecontrolmeasures.Results Theonsetofthediseasewasonthepatient's way home from aboard on February 21st,2016.Before then,She lived in Paramaribo,the capital of Suriname in South America,which is an epidemic area of Zika virus.The patient had exposure history,with red,diffuse rash on her head,face, neck and limbs,and once was diagnosed as allergic eruption because of no fever.The two blood samples were both tested negative yet We detected urine and saliva samples showed positive.With the evidence above,the patient was finally diagnosed as an imported Zika virus case.The spreading risk of this case was low due to the low temperature.Conclusion there may be cases without fever or with blood sample tested RNA negative.As the weather gets warmer,missed diagnosis should be aware of,or the risk of spreading through mosquitos would increase.Therefore,in order to further improvement should lie in mosquito control and disease surveillance.

Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 645-652, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239639


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the risk of local transmission of Dengue caused by introduced cases with semi-quantitative method in 2015 in Zhejiang Province.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Risk indexes of local transmission of Dengue caused by introduced cases were reviewed. The weights of indexes were computed by analytic hierarchy process and further used to generate absolute risk values by multiplying indexes. Moreover, comprehensive indexes were computed to describe relative risk by combining analytic hierarchy process and TOPSIS methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Four primary indexes and 19 secondary indexes were identified for risk assessment of local transmission of Dengue. The indexes with maximum and minimum weight were the number of immigration from countries with Dengue patients (weight value: 0.0678) and density of population (weight value: 0.0371) respectively. All CR values, statistics for measuring consistency of score matrix, were less than 0.1 (minimum: 0.000, maximum: 0.0922, average: 0.0251). The absolute risk of Zhejiang Province was within the range of 0.397-0.504 (the full score was 1.0). The risk orders of 11 municipalities sorted by relative comprehensive indexes and absolute risk values methods were similar. The three highest municipalities were Hangzhou, Wenzhou and Ningbo and the ranges of absolute risk value were 0.387-0.494, 0.404-0.511 and 0.392-0.499 respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results provides scientific basis for preventing and controlling Dengue in Zhejiang Province. The indexes and weights may be used to assess risk of Dengue in future. In addition, the semi-quantitative method constructed in this study would be a significant reference for risk assessment of public health in emergencies.</p>

Humans , China , Epidemiology , Dengue , Epidemiology , Risk Assessment