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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888039

ABSTRACT

The acupoint application of Euodiae Fructus at Yongquan(KI1) can significantly improve the sleep quality of patients with insomnia with berberine as the main effective component for the efficacy. Nineteen active compounds and 203 drug targets were screened out from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP). After comparison with GeneCards and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM), 24 common genes of diseases and drugs were obtained. STRING 11.0 was used to construct a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network of the overlapping genes, and Matthews correlation coefficient(MCC) was employed to screen the core genes, which were then subjected to enrichment analysis with gene ontology(GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG). The results revealed that the main compounds of Euodiae Fructus, such as berberine and rutaecarpine, participated in the biological processes(such as neurotransmitter receptor activity) by regulating C-reactive protein(CRP), estrogen receptor 1(ESR1), 5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT) receptor, and interleukin-6(IL-6) to exert sedative, anxiolytic, and antidepressant effects. Sixty 4-week-old SPF mice were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a positive drug(diazepam tablets) group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose berberine groups. Medication with corresponding drugs was performed for one week. The results demonstrated that berberine was potent in reducing the activities and standing times of mice, down-regulating the levels of CRP and IL-6 mRNA in the hypothalamus, and up-regulating the expression of 5-HT(P<0.01); however, no significant effect on ESR1 was observed. The network of Euodiae Fructus in treating insomnia was constructed by network pharmacology and verified by tests. The findings indicated that the therapeutic efficacy of Euodiae Fructus in treating insomnia was achieved by participating in multiple biological processes, such as neurotransmitter receptor activity, which provided a scientific basis for its clinical application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Databases, Genetic , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Gene Ontology , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mice , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/genetics
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921871

ABSTRACT

Objective We developed a universal lesion detector (ULDor) which showed good performance in in-lab experiments. The study aims to evaluate the performance and its ability to generalize in clinical setting via both external and internal validation. Methods The ULDor system consists of a convolutional neural network (CNN) trained on around 80K lesion annotations from about 12K CT studies in the DeepLesion dataset and 5 other public organ-specific datasets. During the validation process, the test sets include two parts: the external validation dataset which was comprised of 164 sets of non-contrasted chest and upper abdomen CT scans from a comprehensive hospital, and the internal validation dataset which was comprised of 187 sets of low-dose helical CT scans from the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST). We ran the model on the two test sets to output lesion detection. Three board-certified radiologists read the CT scans and verified the detection results of ULDor. We used positive predictive value (PPV) and sensitivity to evaluate the performance of the model in detecting space-occupying lesions at all extra-pulmonary organs visualized on CT images, including liver, kidney, pancreas, adrenal, spleen, esophagus, thyroid, lymph nodes, body wall, thoracic spine,


Subject(s)
Computer Simulation , Computers , Neural Networks, Computer , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921869

ABSTRACT

Ovarian cancer is one of the three most common gynecological cancers in the world, and is regarded as a priority in terms of women's cancer. In the past few years, many researchers have attempted to develop and apply artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to multiple clinical scenarios of ovarian cancer, especially in the field of medical imaging. AI-assisted imaging studies have involved computer tomography (CT), ultrasonography (US), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this review, we perform a literature search on the published studies that using AI techniques in the medical care of ovarian cancer, and bring up the advances in terms of four clinical aspects, including medical diagnosis, pathological classification, targeted biopsy guidance, and prognosis prediction. Meanwhile, current status and existing issues of the researches on AI application in ovarian cancer are discussed.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Prognosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828459

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the similarities and differences of early CT manifestations of three types of viral pneumonia induced by SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19), SARS-CoV (SARS) and MERS-CoV (MERS) using a systemic review. Methods Electronic database were searched to identify all original articles and case reports presenting chest CT features for adult patients with COVID-19, SARS and MERS pneumonia respectively. Quality of literature and completeness of presented data were evaluated by consensus reached by three radiologists. Vote-counting method was employed to include cases of each group. Data of patients' manifestations in early chest CT including lesion patterns, distribution of lesions and specific imaging signs for the three groups were extracted and recorded. Data were compared and analyzed using SPSS 22.0. Results A total of 24 studies were included, composing of 10 studies of COVID-19, 5 studies of MERS and 9 studies of SARS. The included CT exams were 147, 40, and 122 respectively. For the early CT features of the 3 pneumonias, the basic lesion pattern with respect to "mixed ground glass opacity (GGO) and consolidation, GGO mainly, or consolidation mainly" was similar among the 3 groups (=7.966, >0.05). There were no significant differences on the lesion distribution (=13.053, >0.05) and predominate involvement of the subpleural area of bilateral lower lobes (=4.809, >0.05) among the 3 groups. The lesions appeared more focal in COVID-19 pneumonia at early phase (=23.509, <0.05). The proportions of crazy-paving pattern (=23.037, <0.001), organizing pneumonia pattern (<0.05) and pleural effusions (<0.001) in COVID-19 pneumonia were significantly lower than the other two. Although rarely shown in the early CT findings of all three viral pneumonias, the fibrotic changes were more frequent in SARS than COVID-19 and MERS (=6.275, <0.05). For other imaging signs, only the MERS pneumonia demonstrated tree-in-buds, cavitation, and its incidence rate of interlobular or intralobular septal thickening presented significantly increased as compared to the other two pneumonia (=22.412, <0.05). No pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum and lymphadenopathy was present for each group. Conclusions Imaging findings on early stage of these three coronavirus pneumonias showed similar basic lesion patterns, including GGO and consolidation, bilateral distribution, and predominant involvement of the subpleural area and the lower lobes. Early signs of COVID-19 pneumonia showed less severity of inflammation. Early fibrotic changes appeared in SARS only. MERS had more severe inflammatory changes including cavitation and pleural effusion. The differences may indicate the specific pathophysiological processes for each coronavirus pneumonia.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Lung , Diagnostic Imaging , Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnostic Imaging , SARS Virus , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Diagnostic Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941788

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER) and endoscopic submucosal excavation (ESE) for upper gastroenterology submucosal tumors (SMT) originating from the muscularis propria (MP) layer.@*METHODS@#Clinicopathological and endoscopic data of 42 cases with upper gastroenterology tumors originating from the MP layer who were treated with STER (n=28) or ESE (n=14) between April 2013 and December 2016 in Peking University Third Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The treatment and complications of the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#In the study, 42 cases were all resected by therapeutic endoscopy successfully.There was no significant difference (STER vs. ESE) in gender, age, mean tumor size [1.5 (1.0-6.0) cm vs. 1.3 (0.5-2.0) cm, P=0.056]. STER was superior to ESE with reduced sutured time [3.5 (1.0-11.0) min vs. 8.0 (2.0-33.0) min, P=0.006], but more resection time [46.5 (11.0-163.0) min vs.19.5 (6.0-56.0) min, P=0.007]. There was statistical difference between the two groups in resection time or sutured time, but no significant difference (STER vs. ESE) in total operative time [52.0 (14.0-167.0) min vs. 31.5 (10.0-88.0) min, P=0.080]. En bloc resection rates (92.9% vs. 85.7%), hospital stay duration and complications (10.7 vs. 0.0) were similar in the STER and ESE groups. One case developed mediastinal emphysema and 2 pneumonia after operation in STER group, and all of them recovered uneventfully after conservative treatments; There were no complications in the ESE group. After operation, 28 cases of leiomyoma and 14 cases of stromal tumor were diagnosed by routine pathological and immunohistochemical staining. Among them, 6 cases of stromal tumors in group STER were all extremely low risk, 4 cases of stromal tumors in group ESE were extremely low risk, 4 cases of stromal tumors in group ESE were medium risk (the size of the lesion was about 1.0-2.0 cm, and mitotic figures counted (6-8)/50 high power field). The median follow-up time of all the patients was 46.5 (24-60) months, and the shortest follow-up time for medium risk stromal tumors was 32 months. No residual tumor, recurrence and implantation in the tunnel were observed.@*CONCLUSION@#STER or ESE can be used as an effective and safe option for treatment of submucosal tumors originating from the muscularis propria of the upper digestive tract. Compared with STER, ESE had shorter resection time but longer wound closure time. There was no significant difference in total operation time.


Subject(s)
Gastric Mucosa , Gastroenterology , Gastroscopy , Humans , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816208

ABSTRACT

Magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)is one of the important imaging methods for the female reproductive system.In recent years,its application value in uterine adenomyosis has been increasingly recognized in clinic.Due to its many advantages,such as clear and intuitive images,being independent of operators,multi-parameter and multi-planar imaging and so on,MRI has been mainly applied to the diagnosis and typing of uterine adenomyosis and the continuous monitoring after drug treatment.The purpose of this article is to review the manifestations and typing of uterine adenomyosis in MRI and the progress of MRI scanning technology.

7.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 136-140, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663268

ABSTRACT

Regional anatomy and neuroanatomy are two key courses provided by the department of human anatomy in basic medicine since the founding of Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) about 100 years ago.The history of PUMC includes three major periods:the Old PUMC (1917-1949), the New PUMC (1950-1965), and the Cur-rent PUMC (1979-now).The teaching of neuroanatomy has changed significantly during the time .The neuroanato-my course in Old PUMC had rich contents , long curriculum and a strong foundation of basic knowledge , while the same course in New PUMC was highly condensed , and was further reformed to the integration of basic and clinical medicine in the Current PUMC .Nowadays neuroanatomy has become a popular course among the medical students in PUMC, featured by a unique combination of classical and rejuvenated contents , traditional and innovative ideas , and fully integration with clinic .

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287111

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the efficacy and safety of Moluodan () in treating dysplasia in chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This was a multi-centered, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. The total of 196 subjects were assigned to receive either Moluodan or folic acid in a 2:1 ratio by blocked randomization. Mucosa marking targeting biopsy (MTB) was used to insure the accuracy and consistency between baseline and after 6-month treatment. Primary outcomes were histological score, response rate of pathological lesions and dysplasia disappearance rate. Secondary endpoints included gastroscopic findings, clinical symptom and patient reported outcome (PRO) instrument.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Dysplasia score decreased in Moluodan group (P =0.002), significance was found between groups (P =0.045). Dysplasia disappearance rates were 24.6% and 15.2% in Moluodan and folic acid groups respectively, no significant differences were found (P =0.127). The response rate of atrophy and intestinal metaplasia were 34.6% and 23.0% in Moluodan group, 24.3% and 13.6% in folic acid group. Moluodan could improve erythema (P =0.044), and bile reflux (P =0.059), no significance between groups. Moluodan was better than folic acid in improving epigastric pain, epigastric suffocation, belching and decreased appetite (P <0.05), with symptom disappearance rates of 37% to 83%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Moluodan improved dysplasia score in histopathology, and erythema and bile reflux score in endoscopy, and superior to folic acid in improving epigastric pain, epigastric suffocation, belching and decreased appetite. [ChiCTR-TRC-00000169].</p>


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Double-Blind Method , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Gastritis, Atrophic , Drug Therapy , Microbiology , Pathology , Gastroscopy , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 995-999, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350362

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) frequently colonizes the stomach. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common and costly disease. But the relationship of H. pylori and GERD is still unclear. This study aimed to explore the effect of H. pylori and its eradication on reflux esophagitis therapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Patients diagnosed with reflux esophagitis by endoscopy were enrolled; based on rapid urease test and Warth-Starry stain, they were divided into H. pylori positive and negative groups. H. pylori positive patients were randomly given H. pylori eradication treatment for 10 days, then esomeprazole 20 mg bid for 46 days. The other patients received esomeprazole 20 mg bid therapy for 8 weeks. After treatment, three patient groups were obtained: H. pylori positive eradicated, H. pylori positive uneradicated, and H. pylori negative. Before and after therapy, reflux symptoms were scored and compared. Healing rates were compared among groups. The χ2 test and t-test were used, respectively, for enumeration and measurement data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 176 H. pylori positive (with 92 eradication cases) and 180 negative cases. Healing rates in the H. pylori positive eradicated and H. pylori positive uneradicated groups reached 80.4% and 79.8% (P = 0.911), with reflux symptom scores of 0.22 and 0.14 (P = 0.588). Healing rates of esophagitis in the H. pylori positive uneradicated and H. pylori negative groups were, respectively, 79.8% and 82.2% (P = 0.848); reflux symptom scores were 0.14 and 0.21 (P = 0.546).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Based on esomeprazole therapy, H. pylori infection and eradication have no significant effect on reflux esophagitis therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Amoxicillin , Therapeutic Uses , Esomeprazole , Therapeutic Uses , Esophagitis, Peptic , Drug Therapy , Microbiology , Female , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Drug Therapy , Microbiology , Helicobacter Infections , Drug Therapy , Helicobacter pylori , Virulence , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tinidazole , Therapeutic Uses , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337943

ABSTRACT

To solve the issues of costly planting of facility cultivation method and inferior efficacy than wild herbs of Dendrobium officinale, the cliff epiphytic cultivation method was studied. To research the growth, agronomic traits, yield, polysaccharide and alcohol-soluble extract contents were measured on the D. officinale from different water regulation and cliff slope gradients treatments. The results showed that D. officinale epiphytic at 85 degrees-90 degrees cliff and sprayed water 1-2 h x d(-1) at the growing season can get better growth and obtain high yield, and the morphology has no different from wild cliff D. officinale, even in the environments without shade. The contents of polysaccharide and alcohol-soluble extract are closely related to the physiological ages, but significantly higher than the facility cultivation. It is possible that environmental stresses benefit the accumulation of polysaccharides, alcohol-soluble extract and other efficient ingredients.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Methods , Dendrobium , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Polysaccharides , Water
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-854277

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the chemical constituents from the residue of Glycyrrhiza uralensis. Methods: Five compounds were separated and purified by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and preparative HPLC. The structures were identified by physicochemical properties and spectral analyses. Results: Five compounds were obtained from 75% ethanol extract of G. uralensis residue and identified as sophoracoumestan C (1), 3β-O-(p-hydroxy-(E)-cinnamoyl)-1-oleanen-28-oic acid (2), 3-oxo-glycyrrhetinic acid (3), sandaracopimaradiene-3β,18-diol acetonide (4), and isopimaradiene-3β,18-diol acetonide (5). Conclusion: Compound 1 is a new coumarin named sophoracoumestan C. Compounds 2, 4, and 5 are obtained from the plants of Glycyrrhiza Linn. for the first time.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286009

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To measure the volumetric changes of gray and white matters in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy(TLE)using voxel-based morphometric study(VBM)and correlate the changes with clinical parameters.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 71 TLE patients were enrolled in the study,and 22 healthy subjects served as normal controls. Routine brain MRI and 3D fast spoiled gradient echo(FSPGR)T1-weighted images of all the subjects were acquired. The 3D structural images were co-registered,segmented and smoothed,and then the images were analyzed using the optimized VBM with preprocessed using Diffeomorphic Anatomical Registration using Exponentiated Lie algebra(DARTEL)algorithm. The global and local gray matter and white matter volume of each subject were calculated and compared between the TLE patients and normal controls. The potential correlations between the changes of the global and local gray and white matters in the TLE patients and the clinical parameters including the age at onset and the duration of epilepsy were explored.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared to the normal controls,the TLE patients had diffuse volumetric reduction of gray and white matters in cerebrum both ipsilateral and contralateral to the seizure focus(P<0.05). Local gray matter reduction was found extensively in bilateral cerebral lobes,especially in the temporal and frontal lobes. Local white matter reduction was found in bilateral temporal,parietal and frontal lobes,in addition to the cingulate gyrus. The global gray matter volume(Global GMV)and the global white matter volume(Global WMV)were negatively correlated to the duration of epilepsy with the most significant change occurring in the first year of epilepsy. Global WMV dropped more quickly than Global GMV during the prolonged disease course.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TLE patients have diffuse gray matter and white matter reduction,particularly in the early stage of epilepsy. The reduction of the white matter is more obvious than the gray matter.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Brain , Pathology , Case-Control Studies , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Pathology , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Temporal Lobe , Pathology , Young Adult
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 267-272, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327628

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the economic burden of patients with acute and chronic hepatitis B, cirrhosis and liver cancer caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cluster sampling was used on cases consecutively collected during the study period. Questionnaire survey was conducted and information on the expenses during hospitalization was collected from the hospital records and through interviewing those patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Yearly costs related to patients with acute hepatitis B, severe hepatitis B, chronic hepatitis B, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma were 66.7, 138.1, 127.4, 151.7 and 377.2 thousand Yuan, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>from multiple linear regression model showed that the type of medical insurance scheme, annual days of hospitalization, classifications of HBV-related diseases and personal income were major influencing factors on the cost.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HBV infection caused considerable burden to families and the society, indicating that HBV infection control programs would bring huge potential benefits. The reform of insurance scheme should be administrated to promote social fairness.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Economics , China , Cost of Illness , Female , Health Care Costs , Hepatitis B , Economics , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Economics , Hospitalization , Economics , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Economics , Liver Neoplasms , Economics , Male , Middle Aged , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355762

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To know the prevalence and probable causes of breakthrough hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection among children born after the introduction of universal infant hepatitis B vaccination in Shandong province, China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The subjects of this study were selected from the provincial hepatitis B serosurvey conducted in 2006, who were born between 1992 and 2005 (aged 1-15 years) and were confirmed to have completed three or more doses of hepatitis B vaccine. Finally 3527 subjects were involved in this study and were investigated using a unified question are. Blood samples were collected from them to detect hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), antibody against HBsAg (Anti-HBs) and antibody against hepatitis B core antigen (Anti-HBc). The parents of children positive for HBsAg were followed up. Blood samples were collected from their parents to detect for HBsAg. The rate and correlative factors of breakthrough HBV infection were gotten by single-factor and multiple-factor analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>For the 3527 subjects, the overall prevalence rates of breakthrough HBV infection were 3.15% (111/3527), which decreased while birth year grew (χ(2)(Trend) = 44.83, P < 0.01) , the rate of subjects born in 1992 was the highest (9.9%, 16/161) , subjects born in 2000 was the least (0.8%, 2/258) , the rate of the self-report positive HBsAg status of mother, father and the other family members (15.22%, 7/46;34.09%, 15/44;17.65%, 6/34) were higher than the negative (2.99%, 104/3481, 2.76%, 96/3483, 3.01%, 105/3493) (χ(2) values were 22.28, 13.97, 23.68, respectively, all P values were < 0.01) , timely first dose of hepatitis B vaccine (5.37%, 41/763) was higher than the subjects that not in time (2.53%, 70/2764) (χ(2) = 15.596, P < 0.01) . The overall prevalence rates of breakthrough chronic HBV infection was 1.08% (38/3527), which decreased while birth year grew (χ(2)(Trend) = 9.96, P < 0.05) , the rate of subjects born in 1992 was the most (3.1%, 5/161) , subjects born in 1997 was the least (0.4%, 1/261) , the rate of the self-report positive HBsAg status of mother, father and the other family members (13.04%, 6/46;29.55%, 13/44;17.65%, 6/34) were higher than the negative (0.92%, 32/3481;0.72%, 25/3483;0.92%, 32/3493) (χ(2) values were 62.62, 338.80, 88.44, respectively, all P values were < 0.05) , timely first dose of hepatitis B vaccine (1.83%, 14/763) was lower than the subjects that not in time (0.87%, 24/2764) (χ(2) = 5.16, P = 0.02) . Multiple factors analysis showed that compared to the negative, the self-report positive HBsAg status of father, mother increased the risk of breakthrough HBV infection,OR (95%CI) values were 3.73 (1.09-12.75) and 26.76 (11.86-60.37) , respectively (all P values were < 0.05) , compared with eastern cities, the risk of western cities were the highest (OR (95%CI) = 6.00 (2.50-14.40) , P < 0.05) the risk of children born in 1992-2001 was higher than those born in 2002 ( (OR (95%CI) = 1.91 (1.10-3.32) , P < 0.05) . Compared to the negative, the self-report positive HBsAg status of father, mother and the other family members increased the risk of breakthrough chronic HBV infection,OR (95%CI) values were 7.51 (1.44-39.17) , 99.99 (34.29-291.62) , 8.94 (1.81-44.10) , respectively (all P values were < 0.05) , compared with eastern cities, the risk of western rural areas were the highest (OR (95%CI) = 12.51 (2.78-56.25) , P < 0.05) , sharing tooth brush with the others increased the risk (OR (95%CI) = 8.67 (1.14-66.14) , P < 0.05) . Among HBsAg-positive children, those with HBsAg positive mother and father accounted for 12/23 and 6/19, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The prevalence of breakthrough HBV infection and breakthrough chronic HBV infection among children was low in Shandong province. Mother to infant transmission might be the main reason for the infection while the role of the horizontal transmission within the family shouldn't be ignored.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Female , Hepatitis B , Epidemiology , Hepatitis B Antibodies , Blood , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B Vaccines , Hepatitis B virus , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Male , Population Surveillance , Risk Factors
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326226

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate and compare the antibody to hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (anti-HBs) response and the influent factors of revaccination of 4 kinds of hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) among firstly low-response adults.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 11 590 adults who were 18 - 49 years old, never received HepB vaccination, without HBV infection history, HBs-Ag negative, and had been living at 3 towns of Zhangqiu county in Shandong province Ji'nan city for more than half a year, were selected in the study in July, 2009. Self-designed questionnaire was used to select the basic information of the subjects. The subjects were divided into 4 groups by cluster sampling, and were vaccinated according to the "0-1-6" immune procedure with 10 µg HepB made by recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid techniques in Saccharomyces Cerevisiae (HepB-SC), 10 µg HepB made by recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid techniques in Hansenula Polymorpha (HepB-HP), 20 µg HepB-SC and 20 µg HepB made by recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid techniques in Chinese hamster ovary cell (HepB-CHO), 3 doses respectively. The adults who were low-response to the primary hepatitis B vaccination (10 mU/ml ≤ anti-HBs < 100 mU/ml) were divided into four groups by cluster sampling. These groups were revaccinated with one-dose of above-mentioned four kinds of HepB respectively. Blood samples were drawn from each person one month after the revaccination. Anti-HBs was detected by chemiluminescence microparticle immunoassay and compared by the vaccine type. The influence factors about antibody response were also analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Out of the 11 590 subjects, 8592 adults had accepted the primary vaccination of hepatitis B and been collected the blood samples; among whom, 1306 subjects showed low-response, at the rate of 15.20%. A total of 1034 low-response subjects accepted secondary strengthened vaccination and were collected blood samples; 55.13% of them showed anti-HBs seroconversion (anti-HBs ≥ 100 mU/ml); while the seroconversion rate in each group was 44.54% (106/238) in 10 µg HepB-SC group, 57.14% (156/273) in 10 µg HepB-HP group, 56.08% (143/255) in 20 µg HepB-SC group and 61.57% (165/268) in 20 µg HepB-CHO group, respectively. There was significant difference among the groups (χ² = 17.14, P < 0.01). The rates of anti-HBs seroconversion were significantly higher in 10 µg HepB-HP and 20 µg HepB-CHO groups than it in 10 µg HepB-SC group (χ² were 8.09 and 14.70 respectively, P < 0.01). The geometric mean concentration (GMC) of anti-HBs was 178.24 mU/ml among the low-responders after one dose of revaccination. The GMC was 109.77, 243.50, 144.98 and 242.83 mU/ml in 10 µg HepB-SC group, 10 µg HepB-HP group, 20 µg HepB-SC group and 20 µg HepB-CHO group, respectively. There was significant difference among groups (F = 9.52, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Anti-HBs response could be strengthened effectively after one-dose of HepB revaccination among the low-response adults. Many factors like the vaccine types could effect the immune effects to HepB. A better response could be achieved if the 20 µg HepB-CHO or 10 µg HepB-HP was used for revaccination.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antibody Formation , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Hepatitis B , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immunization, Secondary , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320682

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of miR-124-1 on neuronal differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MSCs cells were assigned into three groups: control (uninfected and untransfected), miR-124-1+ (infected with miR-124-1), and miR-124-1- (transfected with Anti-rno-miR-124* Inhibitor). MSCs were induced by β-mercaptoethanol (β-ME) to differentiate into neurons. The fluorescence expressed by infected MSCs was observed under an inverted fluorescence microscope. MTT method was used to measure cell survival rate after transfection or infection. Immunocytochemistry, RT-PCR and Western blot methods were used to detect the expression of β3 tubulin, MAP-2 and GFAP 6 days after β-ME induction.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of miR-124-1 in the miR-124-1+ group was significantly higher 2 days after infection of lentivirus vector compared with the control group (P<0.01). In the miR-124-1- group, the cell survival rate and the miR-124-1 expression level decreased significantly 24 hrs after transfection of anti-rno-miR-124* inhibitor (P<0.01). After 6 days of β-ME induction, the protein and mRNA expression levels of β3 tubulin and MAP-2 in the miR-124-1+ group were much higher than the other two groups (P<0.01); while the expression levels of β3 tubulin and MAP-2 in the miR-124-1-group were lower than the control group (P<0.01). The expression of GFAP in the three groups was weak (<1%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>miR-124 might promote neuronal differentiation of rat MSCs.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Differentiation , Female , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , MicroRNAs , Physiology , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Neurons , Cell Biology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Tubulin
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2449-2454, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283742

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>In-hospital medical complications are associated with poorer clinical outcomes for stroke patients after disease onset. However, few studies from China have reported the effect of these complications on the mortality of patients with acute ischemic stroke. In this prospective work, the China National Stroke Registry Study, we investigated the effect of medical complications on the case fatality of patients with acute ischemic stroke.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From September 2007 to August 2008, we prospectively obtained the data of patients with acute stroke from 132 clinical centers in China. Medical complications, case fatality and other information recorded at baseline, during hospitalisation, and at 3, 6, and 12 months after stroke onset. Multivariable Logistic regression was performed to analyze the effect of medical complications on the case fatality of patients with acute ischemic stroke.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 39 741 patients screened, 14 526 patients with acute ischemic stroke recruited, and 11 560 ischemic stroke patients without missing data identified during the 12-month follow-up. Of the 11 560 ischemic patients, 15.8% (1826) had in-hospital medical complications. The most common complication was pneumonia (1373; 11.9% of patients), followed by urinary tract infection and gastrointestinal bleeding. In comparison with patients without complications, stroke patients with complications had a significantly higher risk of death during their hospitalization, and at 3, 6 and 12 months post-stroke. Having any one in-hospital medical complication was an independent risk factor for death in patients with acute ischemic stroke during hospital period (adjusted OR = 6.946; 95%CI 5.181 to 9.314), at 3 months (adjusted OR = 3.843; 95%CI 3.221 to 4.584), 6 months (adjusted OR = 3.492; 95%CI 2.970 to 4.106), and 12 months (adjusted OR = 3.511; 95%CI 3.021 to 4.080). Having multiple complications strongly increased the death risk of patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Short-term and long-term outcomes of acute stroke patients are affected by in-hospital medical complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , China , Female , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Hospital Mortality , Hospitalization , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pneumonia , Prospective Studies , Registries , Stroke , Mortality , Urinary Tract Infections
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1193-1198, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233013

ABSTRACT

This study is to investigate the antitumor activity of CIP-36 on multidrug resistant human oral squamous carcinoma cell line (KBV200 cells) in vitro and the possible anticancer mechanisms. MTT assay, Hoechst fluorescein stain, RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry were carried out on KBV200 and KB cells. The growth of many tumor cells was obviously inhibited by CIP-36, especially the multidrug resistant cells KBV200. Obvious apoptosis could be observed in the Hoechst 33342 staining experiments. The results of RT-PCR showed that the levels of p53, p21, caspase-3 and bax mRNA increased, and meanwhile the expression of mdr-1 and bcl-2 mRNA decreased in a dose-dependent manner. The data were significantly different from that of vehicle. The expression of P-gp significantly decreased with the increasing dosage of CIP-36 examined by immunohistochemistry. It can be concluded that CIP-36 could change resistance-related genes and proteins to overcome multidrug resistance in the KBV200 cell line.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Caspase 3 , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , KB Cells , Mouth Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Podophyllotoxin , Pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Genetics , Metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Genetics , Metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308833

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the significance of soluble DLL1 (Delta-like-1) levels of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum in the diagnosis of intracranial infection in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty children with intracranial infection, including 20 cases of tuberculous meningitis (TM), 20 cases of viral meningitis (VM) and 10 cases of purulent meningitis (PM), and 20 children without intracranial infection (control group) were enrolled. The levels of soluble DLL1 in CSF and serum were measured using ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The level of CSF soluble DLL1 in the TM group was significantly higher than that in the VM, PM and control groups (2.89 ± 1.72 ng/mL vs 0.14 ± 0.14 ng/mL, 0.27 ± 0.21 ng/mL, 0.13 ± 0.12 ng/mL; P<0.01). The level of serum soluble DLL1 in the TM group was also significantly higher than that in the VM, PM and control groups (12.61 ± 6.45 ng/mL vs 2.28 ± 2.27 ng/mL, 2.38 ± 1.79 ng/mL, 2.26 ± 2.10 ng/mL; P<0.01). The levels of soluble DLL1 in the CSF and serum in the VM and PM groups were not significantly different from those in the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Soluble DLL1 as a novel indicator might have potentially important value in the diagnosis of TM.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Blood , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Male , Membrane Proteins , Blood , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Meningitis, Bacterial , Diagnosis , Meningitis, Viral , Diagnosis , Suppuration , Diagnosis , Tuberculosis, Meningeal , Diagnosis
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259058

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the feasibility of in vivo tumor detection using magnetic resonance (MR) molecular imaging with targeted magnetic nanoparticles as imaging probe.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Targeted probe was synthesized by covalently linking the recombinant human gonadotropin releasing hormone analog (the targeting portion) with the ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (the imaging portion). The imaging portion served as the control material. The in vitro tumor cell experiment and the in vivo experiment using nude mice bearing tumors were carried out to test the targeting ability of the probe. In the in vitro experiment, the targeting probe and control materials were incubated separately with A549 cells which had high affinity to gonadotropin releasing hormone. Then the cells were taken out and lysed. The resultant solution was then subjected to MR imaging. The T2 value of the solutions was measured and compared. In the in vivo experiment, the targeting probe was administered into nude mice bearing A549 tumors. Dynamic MR imaging was carried out to measure the signal and T2 value of the tumor. The control material was also administered into control group of nude mice, and dynamic magnetic resonance imaging was performed. The T2 value of the tumor in both groups were recorded and compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both the in vitro and in vivo experiments proved the targeting ability of targeted probe. Compared with control material, the targeting probe had higher combining ability with tumor cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MR molecular imaging of tumor can be realized by using targeting magnetic nanoparticles.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Diagnosis , Pathology , Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Dextrans , Metabolism , Drug Delivery Systems , Feasibility Studies , Female , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Metabolism , Humans , Image Enhancement , Methods , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Magnetics , Magnetite Nanoparticles , Male , Mice , Mice, Nude , Molecular Imaging , Nanoparticles , Neoplasm Transplantation , Recombinant Proteins , Metabolism
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