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Acupuncture Research ; (6): 363-366, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844312


OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of plum-blossom needle tapping plus moxibustion in the treatment of post-stroke neurogenic bladder(PSNB). METHODS: A total of 60 PSNB patients were equally randomized into control group (16 men and 14 women, 65.6±7.9 years in age, 10.1±6.3 months in the duration of disease) and treatment group (18 men and 12 women, 63.8±8.5 years in age, 9.8±6.5 months in the duration of disease). Patients of the control group were treated by asking the patients to make a pelvic muscular exercise and passive intermittent urethral catheterization. For patients of the treatment group, a plum-blossom needle was used to alternatively tap the bilateral Shenshu(BL23), Qihaishu(BL24), Guanyuanshu(BL26), Xiaochangshu(BL27), Pangguangshu(BL28), Huiyang(BL35), Shangliao(BL31), etc., followed by performing moxibustion over the skin of Shenque(CV8), Guanyuan(CV4), Qihai(CV6) and Zhongji(CV3), etc. about 15 min. In addition, patients without spontaneous urination were also received urethral catheterization as those in the control group. The treatment was given once every day except the weekends and for two months. The integrated symptom score was assessed. The frequencies of diurnal urination and urinary incontinence, and the urination volume every time were respectively recorded for consecutive 3 days before and after the treatment, and the residual urine volume was also measured. The therapeutic effect was evaluated based on the status and frequency of diurnal urination and residual urine volume each time. RESULTS: Of the two 30 cases in the control and treatment groups, 2(6.7%) and 5(16.7%) were cured, 8(26.7%) and 12(40.0%) experienced marked improvement in their symptoms, 13(43.3%) and 11(36.7%) were improved, 7(23.3%) and 2(6.7%) failed, with the effective rates being 76.7% and 93.3%, respectively. The effective rate of the treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control group(P<0.05). After the treatment, the integrated symptom score, residual urine volume, and frequencies of diurnal urination and urinary incontinence were significantly decreased, and the diurnal urination volume was obviously increased in comparison with their own pre-treatment in both groups(all P<0.05). The therapeutic effect of the treatment group was significantly superior to that of the control group in reducing the integrated symptom score, residual urine volume, and frequencies of diurnal urination and urinary incontinence(P<0.05), and in increasing the diurnal urination volume(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Plum-blossom needle tapping plus moxibustion is an effective option for the treatment of PSNB in improving symptoms, in reducing the residual urine volume and frequencies of diurnal urination and urinary incontinence, and in increasing the diurnal urination volume, deserving being promoted in primary care.

Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1544-1550, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350473


<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Mechanical stress plays an important role in the maintenance of bone homeostasis. Current hypotheses suggest that interstitial fluid flow is an important component of the system by which tissue level strains are amplified in bone. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that the short-term and appropriate fluid shear stress (FSS) is expected to promote the terminal differentiation of pre-osteoblasts and detect the expression profile of microRNAs in the FSS-induced osteogenic differentiation in MC3T3-E1 cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MC3T3-E1 cells were subjected to 1 hour of FSS at 12 dyn/cm(2) using a parallel plate flow system. After FSS treatment, cytoskeleton immunohistochemical staining and microRNAs (miRNAs) were detected immediately. Osteogenic gene expression and immunohistochemical staining for collagen type I were tested at the 24th hour after treatment, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assay was performed at 24th, 48th, and 72 th hours after FSS treatment, and Alizarin Red Staining was checked at day 12.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>One hour of FSS at 12 dyn/cm(2) induced actin stress fiber formation and rearrangement, up-regulated osteogenic gene expression, increased ALP activity, promoted synthesis and secretion of type I collagen, enhanced nodule formation, and promoted terminal differentiation in MC3T3-E1 cells. During osteogenic differentiation, expression levels of miR-20a, -21, -19b, -34a, -34c, -140, and -200b in FSS-induced cells were significantly down-regulated.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The short-term and appropriate FSS is sufficient to promote terminal differentiation of pre-osteoblasts and a group of miRNAs may be involved in FSS-induced pre-osteoblast differentiation.</p>

Actins , Chemistry , Alkaline Phosphatase , Metabolism , Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Collagen Type I , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit , Genetics , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Mice , MicroRNAs , Physiology , Osteoblasts , Cell Biology , Osteogenesis , Stress, Mechanical , Stress, Physiological
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3597-3604, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336576


<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Neuregulin-1 (NRG-1), the ligand of the myocardial ErbB receptor, is a protein mediator with regulatory actions in the heart. This study investigated whether NRG-1 preconditioning has protective effects on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and its potential mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We worked with an in vivo rat model with induced myocardial ischemia (45 minutes) followed by reperfusion (3 hours). NRG-1 message was detected in the heart using RT-PCR and the protein levels of NRG-1 and ErbB4 were detected by Western blotting analysis. Infarct size was assessed using the staining agent triphenyltetrazolium chloride and cardiac function was continuously monitored. The levels of creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase in plasma were analyzed to assess the degree of cardiac injury. The extent of cardiac apoptosis was evaluated by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and by Western blotting analysis of cleaved caspase-3. We examined the phosphorylation of Akt in the myocardium and the effect of PI3K/Akt inhibition on NRG-1-induced cardioprotection.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Transcription and expression of NRG-1 and phosphorylation of its ErbB4 receptor were significantly upregulated in the I/R hearts. NRG-1 pretreatment reduced the infarct size following cardiac I/R in a concentration-dependent manner with an optimal concentration of 4 µg/kg in vivo. NRG-1 pretreatment with 4 µg/kg, i.v. markedly reduced the plasma creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase levels. Pretreatment with NRG-1 also significantly reduced the percentage of TUNEL positive myocytes and the level of cleaved caspase-3 in the I/R hearts. Pretreatment with NRG-1 significantly increased phosphorylation of Akt following I/R. Furthermore, the cardioprotective effect limiting the infarct size that was induced by NRG-1 was abolished by co-administration of the PI3K inhibitor LY294002.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The concentration of NRG-1, a new autacoid, was rapidly upregulated after myocardial I/R. NRG-1 preconditioning has cardioprotective effects against I/R injury through a PI3K/Akt-dependent mechanism in vivo.</p>

Animals , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Blood , Male , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Neuregulin-1 , Pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Physiology , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Physiology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , ErbB Receptors , Receptor, ErbB-4
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2372-2379, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307782


<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The loss of cardiac myocytes is one of the mechanisms involved in acute myocardial infarction (AMI)-related heart failure. Autophagy is a common biological process in eukaryote cells. The relationship between cardiac myocyte loss and autophagy after AMI is still unclear. Carvedilol, a non-selective alpha1- and beta-receptor blocker, also suppresses cardiac myocyte necrosis and apoptosis induced by ischemia. However, the association between the therapeutic effects of carvedilol and autophagy is still not well understood. The aim of the present study was to establish a rat model of AMI and observe changes in autophagy in different zones of the myocardium and the effects of carvedilol on autophagy in AMI rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The animals were randomly assigned to a sham group, an AMI group, a chloroquine intervention group and a carvedilol group. The AMI rat model was established by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery. The hearts were harvested at 40 minutes, 2 hours, 24 hours and 2 weeks after ligation in the AMI group, at 40 minutes in the chloroquine intervention group and at 2 weeks in other groups. Presence of autophagic vacuoles (AV) in the myocytes was observed by electron microscopy. The expression of autophagy-, anti-apoptotic- and apoptotic-related proteins, MAPLC-3, Beclin-1, Bcl-xl and Bax, were detected by immunohistochemical staining and Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>AVs were not observed in necrotic regions of the myocardium 40 minutes after ligation of the coronary artery. A large number of AVs were found in the region bordering the infarction. Compared with the infarction region and the normal region, the formation of AV was significantly increased in the region bordering the infarction (P < 0.05). The expression of autophagy- and anti-apoptotic-related proteins was significantly increased in the region bordering the infarction. Meanwhile, the expression of apoptotic-related proteins was significantly increased in the infarction region. In the chloroquine intervention group, a large number of initiated AVs (AVis) were found in the necrotic myocardial region. At 2 weeks after AMI, AVs were frequently observed in myocardial cells in the AMI group, the carvedilol group and the sham group, and the number of AVs was significantly increased in the carvedilol group compared with both the AMI group and the sham group (P < 0.05). The expression of autophagy- and anti-apoptotic-related proteins was significantly increased in the carvedilol group compared with that in the AMI group, and the positive expression located in the infarction region and the region bordering the infarction.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>AMI induces the formation of AV in the myocardium. The expression of anti-apoptosis-related proteins increases in response to upregulation of autophagy. Carvedilol increases the formation of AVs and upregulates autophagy and anti-apoptosis of the cardiac myocytes after AMI.</p>

Adrenergic beta-Antagonists , Pharmacology , Animals , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Autophagy , Beclin-1 , Carbazoles , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Myocardial Infarction , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Myocardium , Propanolamines , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Vacuoles
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 698-701, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325042


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To clarify the gene type of Orientia tsutsugamushi (Ot) from Shandong province.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nested-polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) was used to identify the gene type of 23 isolated Ot strains, 2 pools of homogenized leptotrombidium (L.) scutellare, 10 blood specimens of scrub typhus patients, and at the same time to compare with the international reference strains Gilliam, Karp, Kato. Sequencing analysis of the Sta56 gene was also used to further identify the precise gene types.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 35 samples, 33 had the same products in the amplification of template Ot-DNA. They all belonged to Kawasaki strains endemic in Japan while 2 (FXS4 and LHGM2 strain) belonged to Karp strains. The Sta56 gene sequence homologies to Japan Kawasaki strain of the 2 representative strains (B-16 and FXS2 strain) of the 33 samples were 94.22%, 95.21% respectively, but they were less than 75.87% to other prototype strains; The homologies to Karp strain of FXS4 and LHGM2 strain were 83.03%, 96.45% respectively. B-16 and FXS2 strain were designated as of types strain Japan Kawasaki, FXS4 and LHGM2 as Karp strain.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results indicated that the dominant Ot strains in Shandong Province were similar to Kawasaki strains, but Karp strains also existed.</p>

Animals , DNA, Bacterial , Genetics , Genotype , Humans , Mice , Orientia tsutsugamushi , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Scrub Typhus , Epidemiology , Microbiology , Sequence Homology , Serotyping