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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873553

ABSTRACT

It is a major public health task to promote the construction of modern disease prevention and control system in the prevention and control of the novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic. In this study, we identified the current situation and challenges in the construction of disease prevention and control system in Shanghai, including the infrastructures, disciplines, human resources, information system, operational mechanism, and legalization. It is proposed that we should promote the construction of modern disease prevention and control system in Shanghai, which is aimed to improve the capacity in the disease prevention and control services, response to the major epidemics and public health emergencies, and scientific research in public health, in accordance with municipal functional orientation large-scale metropolitan public health security requirements in Shanghai. Moreover, we should promote policy-making, including upgrading infrastructures, facilitating discipline construction and scientific research innovation, optimizing development environment for human resources, accelerating comprehensive information construction, improving systems and mechanisms, and strengthening legal governance.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876328

ABSTRACT

With the acceleration of industrialization, urbanization and population aging, the disease spectrum of the population has changed.Chronic diseases become the leading cause of death for residents.Health problems caused by poor lifestyles and behaviors are increasingly prominent.In order to promote the implementation of the healthy China strategy and effectively deal with the current prominent health problems, the state has formulated and issued the "Healthy China Action(2019-2030)".In accordance with the state′s deployment and strategic requirement, Shanghai has issued the "Healthy Shanghai Action(2019-2030)", which focuses on five aspects:comprehensive intervention in influencing factors of health, strengthening health services for key groups, prevention and control of major diseases, strengthening the construction of health service system, and promoting the improvement of the energy level of healthy Shanghai.By implementing a 10-year action on disease prevention and health promotion of entire people, Shanghai is to be promoted to become a globally influential center for health technology innovation and a model for a global health city.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876311

ABSTRACT

With the acceleration of industrialization, urbanization and population aging, the disease spectrum of the population has changed.Chronic diseases become the leading cause of death for residents.Health problems caused by poor lifestyles and behaviors are increasingly prominent.In order to promote the implementation of the healthy China strategy and effectively deal with the current prominent health problems, the state has formulated and issued the "Healthy China Action(2019-2030)".In accordance with the state′s deployment and strategic requirement, Shanghai has issued the "Healthy Shanghai Action(2019-2030)", which focuses on five aspects:comprehensive intervention in influencing factors of health, strengthening health services for key groups, prevention and control of major diseases, strengthening the construction of health service system, and promoting the improvement of the energy level of healthy Shanghai.By implementing a 10-year action on disease prevention and health promotion of entire people, Shanghai is to be promoted to become a globally influential center for health technology innovation and a model for a global health city.

4.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 644-647,封2,前插1, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698084

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical value and effect of neuronavigation-assisted neuroendoscopy for hypertensive lobar cerebral hemorrhage. Methods Clinical data of 35 cases treated with the neuroendoscopy (neuroendoscopy group) and 32 cases treated with the neuronavigation-assisted microscope (microscope group) were retrospectively analyzed. Data of the operative time, intraoperative blood loss and the clearance rate of hematoma, the postoperative complications (stress gastric ulcer, pulmonary infection, urinary tract infection and intracranial infection), the hospital stay, postoperative ability of daily life (ADL) in 6 months and fatality rates were observed and compared. Results The operative time and intraoperative blood loss were less in the neuroendoscopy group than those in the microscopy group, and the clearance rate of hematoma was higher in neuroendoscopy group than that in the microscopy group (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in postoperative complications between the two groups (P>0.05). The hospital stay was less in the neuroendoscopy group than that of the microscope group (P<0.01). On the basis of ADL grading method, the prognosis of the endoscopy group was better than that of the craniotomy group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the fatality rate between the neuroendoscopy group and the microscopy group (P>0.05). Conclusion The neuronavigation-assisted neuroendoscopy is a safe and effective surgical method for hypertensive lobar cerebral hemorrhage, and which can improve the prognosis of patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 649-653, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275648

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Practice recommendations have evolved, and consensus now exists among leading organizations such as the American College of Critical Care Medicine (ACCM) and Surviving Sepsis Campaign that fluid infusion is best initiated with boluses of 20 ml/kg, commonly requires 40-60 ml/kg but can be as much as 200 ml/kg if the liver is not enlarged and/or rales are not heard. The present study aimed to investigate and compare the changes of the hemodynamics and extravascular lung water after higher volume fluid resuscitation in a piglet model of endotoxic shock.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Twenty piglets were used for establishing animal models of endotoxic shock by intravenous infusing lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The experimental animals were divided into three groups according to the volume infused during the resuscitation. The three groups received different volume of saline in less than an hour after endotoxic shock. By the PiCCO plus system, we investigated the changes of hemodynamics and extravascular lung water.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>After fluid resuscitation, global end diastolic volume inder, (GEDI) and intrathoracic blood volume index, (ITBI) markedly increased in the group of 80 ml/kg and 120 ml/kg, but there was no change in the group of 40 ml/kg. GEDI: Fifteen min after fluid resuscitation R1 was (261 ± 64) ml/m(2), R2 (457 ± 124) ml/m(2), R3 (413 ± 148) ml/m(2), 4 h R1 (251 ± 68) ml/m(2), R2 (422 ± 70) ml/m(2), R3 (470 ± 160) ml/m(2); ITBI: Fifteen min after fluid resuscitation R1 was (335 ± 69) ml/m(2), R2 (550 ± 179) ml/m(2), R3 (520 ± 183) ml/m(2), 4 h R1 (314 ± 84) ml/m(2), R2 (534 ± 96) ml/m(2), R3 (594 ± 200) ml/m(2) (R1 vs. R2 vs. R3, F = 26.373, P < 0.05; R1 vs. R2, R1 vs. R3, P < 0.05; R2 vs. R3, P > 0.05). CI of all three groups significantly decreased when the models were established. After fluid resuscitation, the base level was maintained in the group of 80 ml/kg and 120 ml/kg, but it was under the basic level in the group of 40 ml/kg.Fifteen min after fluid resuscitation R1 was (4.5 ± 0.7) L/(min·m(2)), R2 (6.4 ± 2.2) L/(min·m(2)), R3 (5.5 ± 0.7) L/(min·m(2)), 4 h R1 (4.1 ± 1.0) L/(min·m(2)), R2 (5.2 ± 0.9) L/(min·m(2)), R3 (5.1 ± 0.8) L/(min·m(2)). There was no significant difference in CI between these two groups (P > 0.05).ELWI of the group of 80 ml/kg and 120 ml/kg were still higher than that of the group of 40 ml/kg, 15 min after fluid resuscitation R1 was (19.2 ± 8.6) ml/kg, R2 (29.2 ± 5.5) ml/kg, R3 (23.4 ± 8.2) ml/kg, 4 h R1 (18.3 ± 6.5) ml/kg, R2 (23.8 ± 2.6) ml/kg, R3 (21.4 ± 3.9) ml/kg, but there was no significant difference in ELWI among the groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Resuscitation with higher volume of fluid infusion in the early stage of endotoxic shock was more efficient to increase the preload and maintain the cardiac output at the baseline level, and might reduce the need for vasoactive agents. Meanwhile, resuscitation with higher volume of fluid in the early stage of endotoxic shock did not sharply increase the extravascular lung water.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Volume , Central Venous Pressure , Disease Models, Animal , Extravascular Lung Water , Female , Fluid Therapy , Methods , Hemodynamics , Lung , Metabolism , Male , Random Allocation , Resuscitation , Methods , Shock, Septic , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Sodium Chloride , Therapeutic Uses , Swine
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