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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301039

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study a non-drug therapy for hypertension disease by combining percutaneous laser and electric pulse stimulation to acupoint with music, and to test the efficiency of the combining treatment to grade 1 essential hypertension.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 174 patients with grade 1 essential hypertension were randomly assigned to 3 groups with a random number table after Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome differentiation: the photoelectric and musical treatment group (Group 1, with a self-developed multi-mode audio frequency pulse photoelectric therapeutic apparatus), acupuncture group (Group 2), and oral placebo group (Group 3), 58 cases per group. The curative effect of each group was evaluated by the changes of blood pressure and CM syndrome integral before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with Group 3, there were significant decrease of blood pressure and CM syndrome integral in Group 1 and Group 2 (P<0.01). Compared with Group 2, Group 1 showed the highest decrease in systolic pressure (P<0.017). The total effective rate of anti-hypertension in Group 1 (91.38%, 53/58) was significantly higher than that in Group 2 (74.13%, 43/58) and Group 3 (18.97%, 11/58, P<0.05 or P<0.01); and that in Group 2 was also significantly higher than that in Group 3 (P<0.01). There were significant difference in the total effective rate of CM syndrome integral in both Group 1 (93.10%, 54/58) and Group 2 (84.48%, 49/58) as compared with Group 3 (17.24%, 10/58, P<0.01), while there was no significant difference between Group 1 and Group 2 (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The multi-mode audio frequency pulse photoelectric therapeutic apparatus, combining music, laser and electric pulse stimulation, is clinically useful for grade 1 essential hypertension. This "three in one" therapy method is non-invasive, easy and simple to handle. It is expected to be popularized as a new alternative treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Blood Pressure , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Essential Hypertension , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Therapeutics , Lasers , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Music , Syndrome , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318499

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore safe, effective, simple and easy non-drug treatments for grade 1 essential hypertension.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to TCM syndrome differentiation, 126 cases of grade 1 essential hypertension were classified into 4 types: liver-fire hyperactivity syndrome, yin-deficiency and yang-hyperactivity syndrome, excessive phlegm-dampness syndrome, yin-yang deficiency syndrome, and then the patients were randomly divided into a photoelectric combined with musical treatment group (group A), an acupuncture group(group B) and a placebo group (group C). The acupoints were selected according to TCM syndrome differentiation in group A and group B, and multi-mode audio frequency pulse photoelectric therapeutic apparatus and acupuncture were used in the two groups respectively, once daily. Taichong (LR 3) and Quchi (LI 11) were selected in liver-fire hyperactivity syndrome, Taixi (KI 3) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) were selected yi yin-deficiency and yang-hyperactivity syndrome, Zusanli (ST 36) and Fenglong (ST 40) were selected in excessive phlegm-dampness syndrome, while Taixi (KI 3) and Guanyuan (CV 4) were selected yi yirryang deficiency syndrome. The group C was treated with oral administration of starch tablet (25 mg), one tablet each time,three times everyday. Ten days were considered as one course, totally three courses were required in the three groups. The blood pressure and scores of TCM syndromes before and after treatment were compared among the three groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The blood pressure decreased significantly after treatment in group A and group B (all P<0.01), and the decrease in systolic blood pressure was more significant in group A (P < 0.05). The total effective rate was 90.5 / (38/42) in group A, which was superior to 71. 4 (30/42, P < 0.05) in group B and 19.1% (18/34, P<0. 01) in group C. The scores of TCM syndromes were both improved in group A and group B, but without significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The clinical effect of multi-mode audio frequency pulse photoelectric therapeutic apparatus for treatment of grade 1 essential hypertension is reliable. Meanwhile, it has the advantages of a non-invasive and simple operation.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Adult , Aged , Blood Pressure , Combined Modality Therapy , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Essential Hypertension , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Therapeutics , Laser Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Music Therapy , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 433-437, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303553

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To study the morphologic changes of fallopian tubal epithelium in patients with ovarian serous epithelial tumors and to explore the relationship between the tubal epithelial changes and tumorigenesis of serous ovarian carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The fallopian tubes in 79 cases of high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma, 12 cases of low-grade serous ovarian carcinoma, 16 cases of serous borderline ovarian tumor and 11 cases of non-ovarian benign tumors were serially examined under light microscope. Immunohistochemical study with EnVision method was used to detect the expression of p53 and bcl-2 protein in the fallopian tubal epithelium in all cases. The occurrences of secretory cell outgrowth (SCOUT), p53 signature, serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC) and serous invasive carcinoma were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SCOUT in tubal epithelium was observed in 60.8% (48/79) of the high-grade serous carcinoma group, 4/12 of the low-grade serous carcinoma group, 3/16 of the serous borderline tumor group and 2/11 of the non-ovarian benign tumor group (P = 0.001). P53 signature, STIC and serous invasive carcinoma occurred only in the fallopian tubal epithelium of patients with high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma, with the positive rates being 29.1% (23/79), 15.2% (12/79) and 44.3% (35/79), respectively. Of the 23 cases with p53 signature, 17 cases had solitary lesion and 6 cases involved more than two sites. A total of 33 p53 signature positive foci were found, with 22 foci located at fimbria and 11 at ampulla. Bcl-2 expression was demonstrated in 90.9% of those foci (30/33). Of the 12 patients with STIC, 7 cases were solitary and 5 cases involved more than two sites. A total of 18 STIC foci were found, with 16 foci located at fimbria and 2 at ampulla. All of them were positive for bcl-2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>SCOUT is found in fallopian tubal epithelium in patients with serous ovarian epithelial tumors, especially high-grade serious carcinoma. On the other hand, p53 signature, STIC and invasive serous carcinoma of tubal epithelium are observed only in patients with high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma, with a predilection of fimbrial involvement. Correlation exists between SCOUT, p53 signature, STIC and high-grade serous ovarian carcinomas. Bcl-2 and p53 immunostaining is helpful for demonstrating such lesions.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous , Metabolism , Pathology , Epithelial Cells , Pathology , Epithelium , Pathology , Fallopian Tube Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Fallopian Tubes , Pathology , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Ovarian Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Precancerous Conditions , Metabolism , Pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-839687

ABSTRACT

Objective to investigate the protective effect of Jinlida granules on islet β cells in diabetes mellitus rats. Methods Diabetic models were induced by high-fat diet and intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) in SD rats. The study was divided into model group, Jinlida granule group (0.75, 1.5, 3.0g/kg) α-lipoic acid group, insulin group, and metformin group. Each group was given corresponding drugs, with insulin given by subcutaneous injection and other drugs given by intragastric administration. The body weight, fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin (FINS), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc), the activities of super oxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH), and the contents of malondialdehyde(MDA), IL-10 and TNF-« were examined 2 months later. The pancreatic tissues were immunostained for insulin. Results Compared with the model group, the levels of FBG and HbAlc were decreased in other groups (P<0. 05, P< 0. 01). The activities of SOD and GSH were significantly increased (P<0. 01) and the levels of MDA, IL-1β and TNF-α were significantly decreased (P<0. 01) In high-dose (3. 0 g/kg) Jinlida granule group, with increased islet area as shown by pathological staining. Conclusion Jinlida granule has protective effect against STZ-induced islet β cell injury in diabetic rats.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 517-522, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358309

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinicopathologic features and the prognostic factors of endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>55 cases of endometrial stromal sarcoma were reviewed and categorized into 3 pathologic types based on the related literatures, i.e., low grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (LGESS), undifferentiated endometrial sarcoma with nuclear uniformity (UES-U) and undifferentiated endometrial sarcoma with nuclear pleomorphism (UES-P). Meanwhile, the pathologic features were reviewed, including fibroid, myoid, mucoid, and epithelioid differentiation and mitotic index. Clinical and follow-up data were collected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In endometrial stromal sarcoma, two or three pathologic types co-existed in one case, including 12.8% (5/39) of LGESS, 5/9 of UES-U, and 5/7 of UES-P. Mitotic index varied in different regions of one tumor from rare to high. Multi-differentiation was also commonly seen in ESS. The numbers of cases in LGESS, UES-U and UES-P were 39, 9 and 7, with recurrence rate of 51.6% (16/31), 5/6 and 2/3, respectively. There was no death case in LGESS, and 2 cases were died in UES-U and UES-P, respectively. In the 2 death cases of UES-U, both had focus of UES-P. There was a significant difference in the recurrence rate between cases with different mitotic index (≥ 10/10 HPF and < 10/10 HPF, P = 0.009), especially in LGESS group. All death cases had high mitotic index (> 30/10 HPF).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>It is a common phenomenon in ESS that two or three pathologic types may exist in one case, especially in UES-U and UES-P. And multi-differentiation is also commonly seen in ESS. So adequate pathologic sampling is important for pathologists to make a correct diagnosis of ESS in daily work. The recurrence rates are significantly higher in cases with high mitotic index, especially in LGESS. In addition, the presence of UES-P and high mitotic index may increase the risk of death in the patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cell Differentiation , Endometrial Neoplasms , Classification , Pathology , General Surgery , Endometrial Stromal Tumors , Pathology , General Surgery , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hysterectomy , Middle Aged , Mitotic Index , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Sarcoma, Endometrial Stromal , Classification , Pathology , General Surgery , Survival Rate , Young Adult
6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 310-314, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261793

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the immunophenotype and c-kit or platelet derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) gene mutations in CD117-negative gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ten cases of GISTs with typical histologic features but no CD117 expression were retrieved from the archival of Department of Pathology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, China. The cases were further evaluated for the presence of c-kit exons 9, 11, 13 and 17 mutations and PDGFRA exons 12 and 18 mutations. DNA was extracted from the paraffin-embedded tumor tissue. The PCR products were sequenced directly for the mutations. An immunohistochemical study for CD117, CD34, smooth muscle actin, desmin, S-100 protein, WT-1 and DOG-1 was also performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eight of the 10 cases had the mutation tests completed. C-kit mutation in exon 9 was detected in only one case. Amongst the 10 cases studied, CD34 was expressed in 9 cases. Smooth muscle actin was focally positive in 2 cases. None of them expressed desmin or S-100 protein. DOG-1 and WT-1 were diffusely positive in 5 and 4 cases, respectively. In addition, DOG1 was diffusely but weakly positive in 1 case and focally expressed in 2 cases. Three cases were focally positive for WT-1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Pathologic diagnosis of CD117-negative GISTs can be facilitated with the application of a panel of immunohistochemical markers, including DOG-1 and WT-1.</p>


Subject(s)
Actins , Metabolism , Adult , Aged , Anoctamin-1 , Antigens, CD34 , Metabolism , Chloride Channels , Exons , Female , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Male , Membrane Proteins , Metabolism , Middle Aged , Mutation , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Genetics , Metabolism , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha , Genetics , Metabolism , WT1 Proteins , Metabolism , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303029

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To probe into the mechanisms of thread implantation at Zusanli(ST 36) and Chinese herbs in treatment of chronic renal failure(CRF).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>CRF rat model was made by Platt subtotal nephrectomy. They were divided into 5 groups, sham operation group, model group, Chinese herbs group, thread implantation group and thread implantation plus Chinese herbs group. After treatment of 8 weeks, serum parathyroid hormone (PHT), transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) expression in residual renal cells, malondialdehyde(MDA) content in the residual renal tissue, serum urea nitrogen(BUN) and creatinine(Scr), protein in urine and pathological changes were investigated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The above indexes after treatment by thread implantation at acupoint, Chinese herbs, and acupoint thread implantation plus Chinese herbs showed begin reversion, especially, the most obviously improvement in the acupoint thread implantation plus Chinese herbs treatment group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The mechanism of acupoint thread implantation and Chinese herbs in improvement of CRF is related with decrease of PTH, inhibition of TGF-beta1 expression, decrease of MDA content and resisting lesion of renal fibrosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Blood , Therapeutics , Male , Parathyroid Hormone , Blood , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Blood , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239718

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the anti-inflammation effect of volatile oil of Centipeda minima and the mechanism of action.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The animal model was induced by the Car injection into intrapleural of rats, to observe the effect of VOCM on acute inflammation.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>VOCM was able to inhibit the increase of NO, CRP and proinflammatory cytokines such as TNFalpha in the acute inflammation of the rat body.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>VOCM has a protective effect on acute pleural effusion in rats induced by an intrapleural injection of Car.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Asteraceae , Chemistry , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Carrageenan , Dinoprostone , Metabolism , Interleukin-8 , Blood , Leukocyte Count , Male , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Oils, Volatile , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Pleural Effusion , Metabolism , Pathology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood
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