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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1896-1902, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922220

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and factors affecting prognosis in children with severe aplastic anemia (SAA).@*METHODS@#Two hundred and five children with SAA treated in our department from January 2008 to April 2018 were selected, and the clinical characteristics and factors affecting prognosis were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 205 SAA children, the effective rate (CR+PR) at 3, 6 and 12 months after immunosuppressive therapy (IST) treatment was 50.9%, 59.0% and 73.9%, respectively, and 5-year overall survival rate was 93.1%±2.0%. Univariate analysis showed that 5-year overall survival rate of SAA children of spontaneous delivery was higher than that of cesarean section (P=0.039), while multivariate analysis showed that birth way had no significant influence on 5-year overall survival rate (P>0.05). The response rate at 3 months after IST of children with a recent history of decoration before SAA onset was higher than those without history of decoration (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Most of the SAA children can achieve high response rate and overall survival rate. Patients with recent history of home/school decoration may be the factor affecting hematological response after 3 months of IST, but have no influence on long-term overall survival.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Cesarean Section , Child , Female , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Pregnancy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690084

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the value of multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) and flow cytometric scoring system (FCSS) in the diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of childhood myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 42 children who were diagnosed with MDS. MFC was performed to investigate the phenotype and proportion of each lineage of bone marrow cells. The correlations of FCSS score with MDS type, International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) score, and revised IPSS (IPSS-R) score were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of all the 42 children, 20 (48%) had an increase in abnormal marrow blasts, 19 (45%) had a lymphoid/myeloid ratio of >1, 14 (33%) had abnormal cross-lineage expression of lymphoid antigens in myeloid cells, 8 (19%) had abnormal CD13/CD16 differentiation antigens, 5 (12%) had abnormal expression of CD56, 3 (7%) had reduced or increased side scatter of granulocytes, 3 (7%) had reduced expression of CD36 in nucleated red blood cells, 2 (5%) had reduced expression of CD71 in nucleated red blood cells, 1 (2%) had absent expression of CD33 in myeloid cells, 1 (2%) had reduced or absent expression of CD11b in granulocytes, and 1 (2%) had absent expression of CD56 and CD14 in monocytes. There were significant differences in the median overall survival time and event-free survival time among the low-, medium-, and high-risk FCSS groups (P<0.05). Among the low-, medium-, and high-risk FCSS groups, the low-risk FCSS group had the highest 2-year overall survival rate, while there was no significant difference between the medium- and high-risk FCSS groups (P>0.05). The three groups had a 2-year event-free survival rate of 95%, 60%, and 46% respectively (P<0.05). FCSS score was positively correlated with MDS type, IPSS score, and IPSS-R score (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MFC and FCSS help with the diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of childhood MDS.</p>

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776685

ABSTRACT

Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a rare chronic myeloid leukemia in children and has the features of both myelodysplastic syndrome and myeloproliferative neoplasm. It is highly malignant and has a poor treatment outcome. Children with JMML have a poor response to conventional chemotherapy. At present, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the only possible cure for this disease. In recent years, significant progress has been made in targeted therapy for mutant genes in the Ras signaling pathway and demethylation treatment of aberrant methylation of polygenic CpG islands. This article reviews the treatment and efficacy evaluation of JMML.


Subject(s)
Child , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile , Methylation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Signal Transduction
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351407

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of clonal evolution after immunosuppressive therapy (IST) in children with severe/very severe aplastic anemia (SAA/VSAA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 231 children with newly-diagnosed SAA/VSAA who received IST were retrospectively studied. The incidence and risk factors of clonal evolution after IST were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 5-year overall survival rate of the 231 patients was 82.7%. Except for 18 cases of early deaths, 213 patients were evaluated for IST efficacy. Among the 231 patients, cytogenetic abnormalities for at least two chromosome metaphase were detectable in 14 (7.4%) patients, and PNH clones were detectable in either peripheral red blood cells or neutrophils for 95 patients. Among the 213 patients evaluated for IST efficacy, 15 patients experienced clonal evolution after IST. Five patients had PNH and trisomy 8 which were defined as favorable progressions, and ten patients experienced monosomy 7 and MDS/AML as unfavorable progressions. The 5-year accumulative incidence of favorable and unfavorable progression were (2.2±2.2)% and (4.8±3.3)%, respectively. Until the last follow-up, 100% (5/5) of patients with favorable progressions and 50% (5/10) of patients with unfavorable progressions survived. WBC>3.5×10/L, CD3T cell percentage>80%, dosage of antithymocyte globulin >3.0 mg/(kg·d) and no response to IST were related to unfavorable progressions by univariate analysis. Cox multivariate analysis revealed that an increased CD3T cell percentage (>80%) and no response to IST were independent risk factors for unfavorable progressions.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The children with SAA/VSAA who have an increased CD3T cell percentage at diagnosis or have no response to IST are in high risks of unfavorable progressions.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Anemia, Aplastic , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Mortality , Child , Child, Preschool , Chromosome Aberrations , Clonal Evolution , Female , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Infant , Male , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289458

ABSTRACT

The defectiveness of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) in acquired aplastic anemia (AA) has been a frequent research topic in recent years. This review summarizes the defectiveness of BM-MSCs which is responsible for the mechanism of acquired AA and the prospective application of BM-MSCs in the treatment of acquired AA. An increasingly number of laboratory statistics has demonstrated that the defectiveness of BM-MSCs is more likely to play an important role in the pathogenesis of AA, namely, the apparently different biological characteristics and gene expression profiles, the decreased ability of supporting hematopoiesis as well as self-renewal and differentiation, and the exhaustion of regulating immune response of hematopoietic environment. Those abnormalities continuously prompt AA to become irreversible bone marrow failure along with the imbalanced immunity. With deepening research on MSCs, infusion of MSCs for the primary purpose of recovering hematopoietic microenvironment may become a new approach for the treatment of AA.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Bone Marrow , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cytokines , Humans , Lymphocyte Activation , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Physiology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Allergy and Immunology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357299

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To ovaluate the prognostic value of prednisone response in treatment regimes of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 598 newly diagnosed ALL patients were enrolled and received prednisone pre-treatment. Based on the peripheral lymphoblast count on day 8, these patients were divided into 2 groups: prednisone good response (PGR) and prednisone poor response (PPR). PPR patients were classified into high risk group immediately and then received intensed chemotherapy. The all enrolled patients were followed up and the clinical features and treatment outcomes of the two groups were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with PGR group, PPR group had different characteristics. They were older in age and had higher initial white blood cell count (P<0.05). T-cell ALL (T-ALL) and Philadelphia chromosome positive ALL (Ph+ ALL) were frequent in PPR group (P<0.05). Event-free survival (EFS) rate of PPR group was significantly lower than that of PGR group (P<0.05). 2 year event-free survival(EFS) rate of PGR group was (88.3±1.5)%, while the 2-year EFS rate of PPR group was (58.4±5.3)%. 5 year EFS rates of PGR and PPR were (80.8±2.1)% and (53.4±6.0)%, respectively. The EFS rate of PPR group was falling rapidly within 2 years. PPR group had higher relapse rate, and most relapses occurred within 18 months (P<0.05). PPR group had more high incidence of minimal residual disease (MRD) both on day 33 and on week 12 (P<0.05). No significant difference of EFS and relapse time was found between PPR and high risk PGR patients (P>0.05). In multi-variate regression analysis, the PPR, the presence of BCR-ABL1 and MLL were significantly unfavorable factors (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Prednisone response has been confirmed to be still great prognostic value and PPR children patients have poor outcomes generally. It is likely that the response to prednisone does not make much sense to high risk ALL patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prednisone , Prognosis , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255309

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct a three-dimensional model to demonstrate the relation between the anterior branches of lumbosacral 4,5, lumbosacral trunk, and the pelvis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An formaldehyde-fixed adult cadaver was dissected to expose the anterior branches of the lumbar nerves 4 and 5, lumbosacral trunk and the sacroiliac. The mixture of titanium powder and adhesive was smeared on the surface of the major branches of L4 and L5 nerves, lumbosacral trunk, femoral nerves and obturator nerves. As soon as the mixture solidified, the specimen was scanned by spiral CT at 3 mm intervals to obtain 159 two-dimensional sectional images for three-dimensional model reconstruction on a personal computer using the software 3-D DOCTOR.</p><p><b>RESULTS AND CONCLUSION</b>The reconstructed model can well demonstrate the spatial relation between the nerves and the pelvis, and allows rotation in every direction, which at the same time can be conveniently applied for purpose of clinical teaching.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Cadaver , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Lumbosacral Plexus , Diagnostic Imaging , Lumbosacral Region , Diagnostic Imaging , Male , Pelvic Bones , Diagnostic Imaging , Pelvis , Diagnostic Imaging , Radiography , Sacroiliac Joint , Diagnostic Imaging , Spinal Nerves , Diagnostic Imaging
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