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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 627-633, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986181

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore carnosine dipeptidase 1 (CNDP1) potential value as a diagnostic and prognostic evaluator of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: A gene chip and GO analysis were used to screen the candidate marker molecule CNDP1 for HCC diagnosis. 125 cases of HCC cancer tissues, 85 cases of paracancerous tissues, 125 cases of liver cirrhosis tissues, 32 cases of relatively normal liver tissue at the extreme end of hepatic hemangioma, 66 cases from serum samples of HCC, and 82 cases of non-HCC were collected. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR, immunohistochemistry, western blot, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to detect the differences in mRNA and protein expression levels of CNDP1 in HCC tissue and serum. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and Kaplan-Meier survival were used to analyze and evaluate the value of CNDP1 in the diagnosis and prognosis of HCC patients. Results: The expression level of CNDP1 was significantly reduced in HCC cancer tissues. The levels of CNDP1 were significantly lower in the cancer tissues and serum of HCC patients than those in liver cirrhosis patients and normal controls. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of serum CNDP1 in the diagnosis of HCC patients was 0.753 2 (95% CI 0.676-0.830 5), and the sensitivity and specificity were 78.79% and 62.5%, respectively. The combined detection of serum CNDP1 and serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) significantly improved the diagnostic accuracy (AUC = 0.820 6, 95% CI 0.753 5-0.887 8). The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of serum CNDP1 for AFP-negative HCC patients were 73.68% and 68.75% (AUC = 0.793 1, 95% CI 0.708 8-0.877 4), respectively. In addition, the level of serum CNDP1 distinguished small liver cancer (tumor diameter < 3 cm) (AUC = 0.757 1, 95% CI 0.637 4-0.876 8). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that CNDP1 was associated with a poor prognosis in HCC patients. Conclusion: CNDP1 may be a potential biomarker for the diagnostic and prognostic evaluation of HCC, and it has certain complementarity with serum AFP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Carnosine , alpha-Fetoproteins/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnosis , ROC Curve
2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 601-607, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986177

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the clinical and pathological features of children with chronic viral hepatitis B combined with metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (CHB-MAFLD) and chronic viral hepatitis B alone (CHB alone), and to further explore the effect of MAFLD on the progression of hepatic fibrosis in CHB. Methods: 701 initially treated CHB children confirmed by liver biopsy admitted to the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from January 2010 to December 2021 were collected continuously. They were divided into CHB-MAFLD and CHB-alone groups according to whether they were combined with MAFLD. A retrospective case-control study was conducted. CHB-MAFLD was used as the case group, and 1:2 propensity score matching was performed with the CHB alone group according to age and gender, including 56 cases in the CHB-MAFLD group and 112 cases in the CHB alone group. The body mass index (BMI), metabolic complications, laboratory indicators, and pathological characteristics of liver tissue were compared between the two groups. The related factors affecting liver disease progression in CHB were analyzed by a binary logistic regression model. The measurement data between groups were compared using the t-test and rank sum test. The χ (2) test was used for the comparison of categorical data between groups. Results: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT, P = 0.032) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST, P = 0.003) levels were lower in the CHB-MAFLD group than those in the CHB alone group, while BMI (P < 0.001), triglyceride (TG, P < 0.001), total cholesterol (P = 0.016) and the incidence of metabolic syndrome (P < 0.001) were higher in the CHB alone group. There were no statistically significant differences in HBsAg quantification or HBV DNA load between the two groups (P > 0.05). Histologically, the proportion of significant liver fibrosis (S2-S4) was higher in the CHB-MAFLD group than that in the CHB alone group (67.9% vs. 49.1%, χ (2) = 5.311, P = 0.021). Multivariate regression results showed that BMI (OR = 1.258, 95% CI: 1.145 ~ 1.381, P = 0.001) and TG (OR = 12.334, 95% CI: 3.973 ~ 38.286, P < 0.001) were the risk factors for hepatic steatosis occurrence in children with CHB. MAFLD (OR = 4.104, 95% CI: 1.703 ~ 9.889, P = 0.002), liver inflammation (OR = 3.557, 95% CI: 1.553 ~ 8.144, P = 0.003), and γ-glutamyl transferase (OR = 1.019, 95% CI: 1.001 to 1.038, P = 0.038) were independent risk factors for significant hepatic fibrosis in children with CH. Conclusion: MAFLD occurrence is related to metabolic factors in children with CHB. Additionally, the combination of MAFLD may promote liver fibrosis progression in CHB patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Hepatitis B, Chronic/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Case-Control Studies , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/complications , Risk Factors
3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 471-476, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986155

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis type E virus (HEV) is one of the main causes of acute hepatitis globally and has thus gained attention as a public health issue. The diverse clinical manifestations of hepatitis type E are typically acute and self-limiting with mild symptoms, but populations with underlying liver disease or immunocompromised patients can have severe and chronic symptoms. Severity and chronicity can arise and manifest as fulminant hepatitis, chronic hepatitis, or even hepatic failure. HEV infection-induced hepatic failure (acute-on-chronic liver failure), based on the different backgrounds of chronic liver disease, is a clinical phenotype of severe HEV infection that requires attention. In addition, HEV infection can exhibit extrahepatic clinical manifestations of multi-system and organ involvement like neurological diseases (Guillain-Barré syndrome), renal diseases (membranous/membranous proliferative glomerulonephritis, cryoglobulinemia), and blood diseases (thrombocytopenia). At home or abroad, there are no antiviral drugs approved, particularly for HE treatment. Since most acute HE can resolve spontaneously, no special treatment is required clinically. However, in patients with severe or chronic HE, ribavirin (RBV) monotherapy and/or pegylated interferon-combination therapy have achieved certain antiviral effects. Combined small-molecule drugs and RBV have been attempted to treat HEV, but high-level evidence-based treatment is still lacking. Thus, new, highly effective anti-HEV drugs are clinical priorities to address these concerns. Severe and chronic HEV infections' clinical phenotype, early detection, mechanism, intervention, and outcome need additional study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Hepatitis, Chronic/drug therapy , Hepatitis E virus , Liver Diseases/drug therapy , Liver Failure/drug therapy
4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 349-354, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986141

ABSTRACT

Liver histological assessment is of great clinical significance for the diagnosis, classification, and prognosis prediction of drug-induced liver injury (DILI). Liver histological evaluation can effectively supplement RUCAM. The clinical phenotypes of DILI are complex and diverse, including acute, chronic and severe hepatic injury. DILI has multiple insult-targets, including hepatocytes, cholangiocytes, and vascular endothelial cells and others. The pathological damage patterns are similar to many types of non-DILI liver diseases, therefore making differential diagnosis difficult. New anti-tumor drugs such as immune checkpoints inhibitors and targeted therapy are widely used in clinical antineoplastic practice, thus the growing incidence of related liver injury occurs. Liver histological examination can effectively assess the pathological phenotypes and severity of DILI, so as to guide treatment. In uncommon conditions such as special types of DILI (such as hepatic vascular disease), DILI with other competitive etiology overlapping, chronic DILI, and DILI induced liver failure, liver histological assessment can provide strong support for identifying the cause, rational treatment, and prognosis. Currently, the histological evaluation system for drug-induced liver injury seems to be a lack of consensus, and the diagnosis of DILI is short of highly specific and sensitive serological markers. All in all, liver histological assessment plays a crucial role in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of DILI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endothelial Cells , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/pathology , Liver/pathology , Hepatocytes , Phenotype , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 285-287, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305057

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore whether the cellular apoptosis susceptibility (CAS) protein could serve as a pathologic marker for HCC diagnosis and the roles of CAS expression in HBV infection associated HCC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of CAS protein in HCC and its paracarcinoma tissues, non-tumor liver cirrhosis and hepatitis tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry. Meanwhile, HBsAg, HBcAg and HBV DNA in HCC tissues with HBV infection were examined by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of CAS protein was significantly higher in HCC than in its paracarcinomas tissues (P < 0.01), and higher in paracarcinomas tissues than in non-tumor liver cirrhosis and hepatitis tissues (P < 0.01). Poorly differentiated tumors immunochemically stained stronger than moderately or well differentiated (P < 0.01). CAS protein expression was significantly higher in HBV-infected HCC tissues than that of in non-HBV infection (P < 0.01). Meanwhile, in HBV-infected HCC tissues, the staining intensity score of CAS protein in HBV DNA positive HCC tissues was significantly higher than HBV DNA negative tissues (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Higher expression of CAS protein is found in HCC tissues,and the intensity of CAS protein expression is related closely to tumor differentiation. We suggested that CAS protein might serve as a marker for HCC diagnosis and differentiation estimation, and deduced that CAS might play an important role in the initiation of HBV infection associated HCC through upregulating expression of CAS.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Virology , Cellular Apoptosis Susceptibility Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Hepatitis B Core Antigens , Genetics , Metabolism , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Genetics , Metabolism , Hepatitis B virus , Genetics , Physiology , Liver Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Virology
6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 300-303, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262009

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the etiology, pathology, and clinical characteristics of cryptogenic liver diseases in order to develop a pathogenic profile for clinical diagnosis and therapeutic design.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data of the 566 patients diagnosed with abnormal liver function and who had undergone liver biopsy at our institute between January 2006 to March 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. The Chi-squared (x²) test was used to assess disease correlation with sex and the rank sum test was used to assess disease correlation with continuous data since all data had asymmetric distribution.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 566 patients, abnormal liver function was attributed to alcoholic liver disease (n=175; 30.92%), drug-induced or environmentally-induced liver disease (n=101; 17.84%), hereditary and metabolic disease (n=93; 16.43%), infectious hepatitis disease (n=84; 14.84%), fatty liver disease (n=53; 9.36%), and autoimmune liver disease (n=30; 53.00%). Thirty patients had unknown etiology, despite liver biopsy analysis. Among these disease subgroups, there were distinct correlations with sex, age, and levels of alanine transaminase (ALT) and gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT). The autoimmune liver disease group was correlated with sex (q=9.14, 7.435, 5.071, 9.529, and 12.5, respectively; P less than or equal to 0.01). The alcoholic liver disease group and autoimmune liver disease group were correlated with age (vs. genetic metabolic disease group: q=17.254 and 10.302; infectious hepatitis group: q=17.523 and 10.697); drug/environmentally-induced liver damage group: q=9.170 and 5.266); fatty liver group: q=7.118 and 4.661) (P less than or equal to 0.01). In addition, the alcoholic and autoimmune liver disease groups were correlated with GGT levels (vs. genetic metabolic disease group: q=8.003; infectious hepatitis group: q=4.793; drug/environmentally-induced liver damage group: q=4.404) (P less than or equal to 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Liver pathology is important for the diagnosis of cryptogenic liver diseases. Patient age, sex, and biochemistry index may facilitate diagnosis and treatment in the absence of pathology.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Biopsy , Liver , Pathology , Liver Diseases , Classification , Diagnosis , Pathology
7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 815-817, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239319

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To quantitatively detect intrahepatic HBV covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) and serum HBsAg; and to analyze the relationship between the two parameters and with serum HBV DNA level.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Intrahepatic cccDNA (copies/cell) was quantitated by plasmid-safe ATP-dependent Danes (PSAD) digestion in combination with rolling circle amplification and gap-spanning selective real-time PCR assay using formalin fixed paraffin-embedded liver biopsy samples. HBsAg was measured by chemiluminescence's reagent manufactured by Abbott Company using sera sampled at time-point of liver biopsy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Intrahepatic cccDNA level was positively correlated with serum HBsAg level (r = 0.459, P < 0.001), but not correlated with serum HBV DNA level. Serum HBsAg level was positively correlated with serum HBV DNA level (r = 0.328, P = 0.015), and reversely correlated with HBV replicative efficiency defined as the ratio of serum HBV DNA to cccDNA (r = -0.373, P = 0.005).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In patients with chronic hepatitis B, intrahepatic cccDNA level is correlated with serum HBsAg level. The two parameters combined with serum HBV DNA may comprehensively reflect HBV replication activity and help evaluation of antiviral therapeutic efficacy.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , DNA, Circular , DNA, Viral , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B virus , Genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Blood , Virology , Liver , Virology , Viral Load
8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 261-264, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325572

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the frequencies and distribution of CD4+ T cells and CD8+ T cells as well as the changes of immune activation in gastric mucosa of HIV-infected individuals.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>42 HIV-infected individuals were recruited into this investigation, and 36 patients had definite diagnosis of clinical stage. Biopsy of gastric mucosal tissues was performed by fiberoptic gastroscope including 10 normal people as a control group. Then, immunohistochemistry was used to detect expression of CD4, CD8 and CD38 in gastric mucosa, and the distinctions among three groups were analyzed with LEICA Qwin image analysis system.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Compared with asymptomatic HIV carriers and control group, CD4 T cells remarkably decreased in the gastric mucosa of AIDS patients (P < 0.01). In gastric mucosa of asymptomatic HIV carriers, there were still some CD4+ T cells in lymphoid follicles and stroma where CD4+ T cells were unevenly distributed, the frequency of CD4+ T cells was not significantly different between asymptomatic HIV carriers and control group (P > 0.05); (2) Phenomenon of CD8+ T cells infiltrating mucosal epithelium and gland was general in HIV-infected individuals. CD8+ T cells took on local excessive hyperplasia in gastric mucosa of some individuals. As compared with control group, CD8+ T cells markedly increased in gastric mucosa of infected individuals (P < 0.01), but the distinction of asymptomatic HIV carriers and AIDS patients was not significant (P > 0.05); (3) CD38-expressing cells mainly distributed over gastric mucosal surface to superficial layer(1/3-2/3 layer) of HIV-infected individuals, and was more intensive than control group (P < or = 0.01), but there was not noticeable difference between asymptomatic HIV carriers and AIDS patients (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The frequencies and distribution of gastric mucosal CD4+ T cells of HIV-infected individuals were closely correlated with progression of disease. Disfunction of mucosal immune system which was resulted from HIV infection and injury of CD4+ T cells could be an important cause of CD8+ T cells increasing and CD38-expressing enhancement.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Gastric Mucosa , Allergy and Immunology , Gene Expression , HIV Infections , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , HIV-1 , Allergy and Immunology , Lymphocyte Count
9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 12-15, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250068

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To establish a new grading system to evaluate liver inflammation and necrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B through clinical biochemical assays.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical and pathological data were collected from 255 cases with chronic hepatitis B. 19 biochemical items were analyzed and 5 items were selected for our grading system. Each of the five items was scored 0 to 4 based on the different values. The extent of liver inflammation and necrosis was evaluated according to the total score.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ALT, AST, ChE, GGT and TBA were selected for our grading system. The grade of liver inflammation and necrosis was considered less than 2.0 if total score lower than 6, and higher grade was considered with higher total score. The estimated results shared an identity of 82.8% with the real grades of liver inflammation and necrosis. When this grading system was applied to patients with liver inflammation and necrosis equal to or higher than grade 2.0, it exhibited a sensitivity of 83.8%, a specificity of 81.2%, a positive prediction value of 88.6%, a negative prediction value of 74.2% in all cases, and 88.0%, 84.7%, 90.6%, 82.4% respectively in patients older than 12 years.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our data suggest that the grading system can be used to evaluate the extent of liver inflammation and necrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood , Bile Acids and Salts , Blood , Biomarkers , Blood , Biopsy, Needle , Methods , Cholinesterases , Blood , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Blood , Pathology , Liver Diseases , Pathology , Liver Function Tests , Necrosis , Severity of Illness Index , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Blood
10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 373-375, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332492

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand the level and clinical significance of soluble CD40 in patients with chronic hepatitis B.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Detecting the concentration of sCD40 from 176 cases with chronic hepatitis B by ELISA and analyzing its relationship with different grades of inflammation and necrosis in liver tissue.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>sCD40 from patients with chronic hepatitis B was significantly higher than those from healthy. And that the concentration of sCD40 was positive correlation with severe clinical disease and liver inflammation and necrosis. In patients whose ALT lower than 80 IU/L and sCD40 higher than 80 pg/ml, it showed that 65.85% cases have high grade of liver inflammation and necrosis, which was significantly higher than patients with sCD40 lower than 80 pg/ ml.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The concentration of sCD40 is positively related with the grade of liver inflammation and necrosis. This information could help us to evaluate the status of chronic hepatitis B as an immunological index.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , CD40 Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Solubility
11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 212-215, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285427

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical and pathological features of drug-induced liver injury (DILI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Liver specimens were obtained through needle biopsies from 100 patients with DILI. The histological preparations of the specimens were stained with haematoxylin eosin, several histochemistry methods, and immunohistochemistry stains. The pathological changes of the livers were analyzed together with the patients's clinical data. The patients were divided into two groups, an acute DILI group (n=39) and a chronic DILI group (n=61), based on their clinical courses and histological changes in their livers. In the chronic DILI group, the clinical courses were longer than 6 months and/or fibrosis or cirrhosis occurred in their liver tissues.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among our cases the leading cause of DILI was Chinese herb medicine, accounting for 21% of the 100 cases; steroids induced cases were 11% of the total. 78% of the patients presented elevated serum transaminases and/or jaundice. The degree of transaminases elevation and the frequency of jaundice happening in the acute group were significantly higher than those in the chronic group (P less than 0.05). The histopathological liver changes in these DILI cases included: (1) necrosis commonly occurred in acinar zone 3, (2) abundant neutrophil and/or eosinophil infiltrations, (3) hepatocytic and/or canalicular cholestasis with little or no inflammation, (4) microvesicular steatosis mixed with macrovesicular steatosis, and (5) presentation of epitheloid cell granuloma. There were no significant differences in liver histopathology between the acute and the chronic DILI groups, except that the fibrosis and the ductular proliferation were different.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DILI has become a notable liver disease in mainland China, and the use of Chinese herbal medicine must be improved, standardized and regulated more closely.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Pathology , Liver , Pathology
12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 152-154, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333076

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect p24 antigen of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 in the liver biopsy specimens of patients with HIV infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Liver biopsy samples from 14 patients with HIV/AIDS (11 man, 3 women; age range 27-52 years; infection time range 8-13 years) were examined by immunohistochemistry prospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Intracellular expression of HIV-1 p24 antigen was detected in Kupffer cells, endothelial cells and hepatocytes. There were more HIV-positive liver cells in the patients with severer liver damage than those with milder liver damage (t=2.5189, P=0.0270).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These findings indicate that HIV-1 could replicate in the liver of HIV-infected patients and might be related to the liver cells apoptosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , HIV Core Protein p24 , HIV Infections , Metabolism , Virology , HIV-1 , Physiology , Hepatocytes , Metabolism , Pathology , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Immunohistochemistry , Liver , Metabolism , Pathology , Virology
13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 264-266, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333026

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relation of the viral markers in serum and those expressed by hepatocytes to pathological lesions of hepatic tissue in patients with chronic hepatitis B.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The relation of viral markers including HBsAg, HBsAb, HBeAg, HBeAb, HBcAb and HBV DNA in serum of 647 patients with chronic hepatitis B and HBsAg, HBcAg expressed by hepatocytes in 418 of these patients to pathological lesions of hepatic tissue was determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Viral markers in serum and those expressed by hepatocytes in patients with chronic hepatitis B were closely correlated with pathological lesions of hepatic tissue.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The degree of inflammation and fibrosis in hepatic tissue is milder in serum HBsAg, HBeAb, HBcAb positive and HBV DNA negative patients but more serious in those with negative hepatocytic expression of HBsAg and HBcAg. HBV DNA is not significantly associated with pathological lesions of hepatic tissue.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , DNA, Viral , Blood , Genetics , Hepatitis B Core Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B virus , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Physiology , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Blood , Pathology , Virology , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Liver , Pathology , Virology
14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 328-331, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279543

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression dynamics and significance of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) membrane type-matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MT-MMP-2) in hepatic fibrosis and its reversal counterpart.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An experimental CCl4 induced hepatic fibrosis rat model was established by intraperitoneal administration of carbon tetrachloride for 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 weeks, and normal rats were used as a control group. The immunohistochemical methods and in situ hybridization were used to detect MMP-2,MT-MMP-2 mRNA and related antigens in the liver.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MMP-2,MT-MMP-2 mRNA and related antigens were expressed in mesenchymal cells and parts of hepatocytes besides active pathological changes, especially in the fibrous septum and portal area. Expression of MMP-2,MT-MMP-2 mRNA and related antigens were increased in hepatic fibrosis and decreased gradually in its reversal counterpart.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This study suggested that mesenchymal cells are the main cellular origins of MMPs. The levels of MMP-2 and MT-MMP-2 antigens and gene expression were closely related to hepatic fibrosis. MMP-2 and MT-MMP-2 may play important roles in hepatic fibrosis and its reversal counterpart.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Carbon Tetrachloride Poisoning , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic , Hepatocytes , Liver , Pathology , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental , Pathology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinases, Membrane-Associated , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Rats, Wistar
15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 483-486, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305884

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To explore the clinical and pathological features and the pathogenesis of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) in Chinese Mainland.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>30 PBC patients were divided into the early group (Scheuer stage I and II, 19 patients) and the late group (Scheuer stage III and IV, 11 patients). The data of clinics and serology were analyzed, and the pathological features of the liver tissues were characterized. The changes of dendritic cells (DCs) and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) were studied by immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In all the PBC patients, the rate of the male to the female was 1 to 5, and the average age was 40.6 years. The mean levels of TBiL, ALP and GGT in the sera were (95.9+-88.5) micromol/L, (537.2+-339.2) U/L, and (582.0+-351.2) U/L, respectively. 73.3% patients showed AMA positive, and the level of GGT was positively correlated with the AMA level according to the result of statistical analysis (r=0.778, P=0.000). The symptoms of jaundice and hepatomegaly were presented more commonly in the late group than those in the early group (chi2=5.182, P<0.05; chi2=13.659, P<0.01, respectively). The main changes of morphology of PBC located in portal tracts. The liver tissues in the early stage of PBC showed the damage of bile ducts and obvious proliferation of small bile ducts. The granulomas, the lymphoid follicles and the foamy cells were found in the liver tissues of PBC (2/19 patients, 12/19 patients, and 10/19 patients in the early stage respectively, while 0/11 patients, 4/11 patients, and 3/11 patients in the late stage respectively). There was significant difference between the early stage and the late stage in presence of the lymphoid follicles and the foamy cells (t=4.489, P<0.05; t=4.019, P<0.05, respectively). The biliary pigmentary particles were mainly accumulated in the liver cells around the portal tracts in 90.0% PBC patients, and the accumulation of copper and iron increased, compared with that in normal specimens. The DCs and HSCs located mainly in the portal tracts, especially around the damaged bile ducts.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There are some clinical and pathological characteristics in the patients with PBC. The level of AMA has no direct relationship with the level of transaminase or bilirubin. The proliferated bile ductules may express the antigens which maybe the target of immune attack. As an antigen-presenting cell, DCs may play an important role in the pathogenesis of PBC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Blood , Antigen-Presenting Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Dendritic Cells , Pathology , Liver , Pathology , Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Mitochondria , Allergy and Immunology
16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 270-273, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279580

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>To explore the cut-off period of subclassification and pathological features of severe hepatitis (SH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on combined clinical and pathological analyses, the complete clinical and biopsy or autopsy liver tissues data from 196 cases of patients with severe hepatitis were investigated. Meanwhile, proliferative hepatocytes, cholangioepithelia and collagens were identified by a panel of monoclonal antibodies such as those against albumin, cytokeratin 18,19 and collagen I, III with immunohistochemical method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The clinical and pathological analyses indicated the cut-off periods of acute, subacute and chronic SH (ASH,SSH and CSH) were (13.4+/-7.2) d, (77.4+/-69.3) d and (80.5+/-63.2) d, respectively. Among all SH cases, one case of ASH patient presented clinical manifestation and pathological changes of ASH for 21 days, however, one patient with SSH was demonstrated 12 day course by histological examination. The time of cut-off period between ASH and SSH in child cases was shorter than that in adult cases. Histologically, ASH liver tissues showed massive and/or submassive necrosis caused by one attack, with congestive sinusoid frameworks and proliferative cholangioepithelium-like hepatocytes, while SSH liver tissues presented combined fresh and old submassive or massive necrosis caused by multiple attacks, accompanied by obviously proliferative bile ducts and sinusoid framework collapse.However, the pathological changes of CSH showed ASH- or SSH-like lesions on the background of chronic liver injury.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our data indicated that the cut-off period between ASH and SSH is in accordance with the Scheme of Viral Hepatitis Prevention and Therapy, China, published in 2000, but excluded a part of child SH cases. In our study, the authors found a few pathological features in ASH and SSH.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Collagen , Metabolism , Hepatitis , Classification , Metabolism , Pathology , Keratins, Type I , Metabolism , Liver , Pathology
17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 217-221, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281774

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>To explore the pathological features and pathogenesis of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) to provide evidence for the clinical treatment and prevention of SARS.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Pathological features of 2 cases of full autopsy and 4 cases of needle biopsy tissue samples from the patients who died from SARS were studied by light and electron microscopy. The distribution and quantity of lymphocyte subpopulations in the lungs and immune organs from SARS patients were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. The location and semi-quantitative analysis of SARS coronavirus in the tissue specimens were studied by electron microscopy, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In total of 6 cases, diffuse alveolar damage and alveolar cell proliferation were common. The major pathological changes of 2 autopsy cases of SARS in lung tissues were acute pulmonary interstitial and alveolar exudative inflammation, and 2 autopsy and one biopsy lung tissues showed alveolar hyaline membrane formation. Terminal bronchiolar and alveolar desquamation of lung tissues in one autopsy and 2 biopsy cases were noted. Among 6 cases, 2 biopsy cases presented early pulmonary fibrosis and alveolar organization. Meanwhile, the immune organs, including lymph nodes and spleens from 2 autopsy cases of SARS whose disease courses were less than 12 days showed extensive hemorrhagic necrosis, reactive macrophage/histocyte proliferation, with relative depression of mononuclear and granulocytic clones in the bone marrows. However, spleen and bone marrow biopsy tissue samples from 4 dead SARS cases whose clinical course lasted from 21 to 40 days presented repairing changes. SARS coronaviruses were mainly identified in type I and II alveolar epithelia, macrophages, and endothelia; meanwhile, some renal tubular epithelial cells, cardiomyocytes, mucosal and crypt epithelial cells of gastrointestinal tracts, parenchymal cells in adrenal glands, lymphocytes, testicular epithelial cells and Leydig's cells were also detected by electron microscopy combined with in situ hybridization. The semi-quantitative analysis of lymphocyte subpopulations revealed that the proportion of CD8+ T lymphocytes were about 80% of the total infiltrative inflammatory cells in the pulmonary interstitium, with a few CD4+ lymphocytes CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ or CD20+ lymphocyte subpopulations were obviously decreased and there was imbalance in number and proportion, while CD57+, CD68+, S-100+ and HLA-DR+ cells were relatively increased in lymph nodes and spleens.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Histologically, the pulmonary changes could be divided into acute inflammatory exudative, terminal bronchiolar and alveolar desquamative and proliferative repair stages or types during the pathological process of SARS. SARS coronavirus was found in multi-target cells in vivo, which means that SARS coronavirus might cause multi-organ damages which were predominant in lungs. There were varying degrees of decrease and imbalance in number and proportion of lymphocyte subpopulations in the immune organs of the patients with SARS. However, these changes may be reversible. It was found that cellular immune responses were predominant in the lungs of SARS cases, which might play an important role in getting rid of coronaviruses in infected cells and inducing immune mediated injury.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lung , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Virology , Lymphocyte Subsets , Allergy and Immunology , Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Virology
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