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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 318-325, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878045

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Methylene blue is the most commonly used tracer for sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy (SLNB) in China. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of clinical application of SLNB using methylene blue dye (MBD) for early breast cancer and the prognosis of patients with different SLN and non-SLN statuses.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological data of patients with early breast cancer treated at the Peking University First Hospital between 2013 and 2018. We calculated the SLN identification rate (IR) in SLNB with MBD and the false-negative rate (FNR), and analyzed the prognosis of patients with different SLN and non-SLN statuses using Kaplan-Meier curves.@*RESULTS@#Between January 2013 and December 2018, 1603 patients with early breast cancer underwent SLNB with MBD. The SLN IR was 95.8% (1536/1603). Two SLNs (median) were detected per patient. There were significant differences in FNR between patients with SLN micrometastasis and macrometastasis (19.0% vs. 4.5%, χ2 = 12.771, P < 0.001). Chi-square test showed that there were significant differences in SLN successful detection rates among patients with different vascular tumor embolism status (96.3% vs. 90.8%, χ2 = 9.013, P = 0.003) and tumor (T) stages (96.6% vs. 94.1%, χ2 = 5.189, P = 0.023). Multivariate analysis showed that vascular tumor embolism was the only independent factor for SLN successful detection (odds ratio: 0.440, 95% confidence interval: 0.224-0.862, P = 0.017). Survival analysis showed a significant difference in disease-free survival (DFS) between patients with non-SLN metastasis and patients without non-SLN metastasis (P = 0.006).@*CONCLUSION@#Our single-center data show that, as a commonly used tracer in SLNB in China, MBD has an acceptable SLN IR and a low FNR in frozen sections. This finding is consistent with reports of dual tracer-guided SLNB. Positive SLNs with non-SLN metastasis are associated with DFS.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/surgery , China , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Methylene Blue , Retrospective Studies , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1945-1952, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338824

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Current understanding of tumor biology suggests that breast cancer is a group of diseases with different intrinsic molecular subtypes. Anatomic staging system alone is insufficient to provide future outcome information. The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) expert panel updated the 8th edition of the staging manual with prognostic stage groups by incorporating biomarkers into the anatomic stage groups. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the data from our center in China using the anatomic and prognostic staging system based on the AJCC 8th edition staging manual.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We reviewed the data from January 2008 to December 2014 for cases with Luminal B Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer in our center. All cases were restaged using the AJCC 8th edition anatomic and prognostic staging system. The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to compare the survival differences between different subgroups. SPSS software version 19.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA) was used for the statistical analyses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>This study consisted of 796 patients with Luminal B HER-negative breast cancer. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) of 769 Stage I-III patients was 89.7%, and the 5-year overall survival (OS) of all 796 patients was 91.7%. Both 5-year DFS and 5-year OS were significantly different in the different anatomic and prognostic stage groups. There were 372 cases (46.7%) assigned to a different group. The prognostic Stage II and III patients restaged from anatomic Stage III had significant differences in 5-year DFS (χ2 = 11.319, P= 0.001) and 5-year OS (χ2 = 5.225, P= 0.022). In addition, cases restaged as prognostic Stage I, II, or III from the anatomic Stage II group had statistically significant differences in 5-year DFS (χ2 = 6.510, P= 0.039) but no significant differences in 5-year OS (χ2 = 5.087, P= 0.079). However, the restaged prognostic Stage I and II cases from anatomic Stage I had no statistically significant differences in either 5-year DFS (χ2 = 0.440, P= 0.507) or 5-year OS (χ2 = 1.530, P= 0.216).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The prognostic staging system proposed in the AJCC 8th edition refines the anatomic stage group in Luminal B HER2-negative breast cancer and will lead to a more personalized approach to breast cancer treatment.</p>

3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 339-343, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247841

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and the factors related with pathological complete response (pCR) of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data of 159 primary breast cancer patients who had received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and operation with complete MRI data and histopathology evaluation in this center from January 2009 to December 2011 was analyzed. All the patients were female, aging from 28 to 70 years with a median of 50 years. The neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens were based on anthracyclines or taxanes, and trastuzumab was used in almost half of the human epidermalgrowth factor receptor 2 positive patients. The response of neoadjuvant chemotherapy was comprehensively evaluated based on RECIST 1.1 and Miller-Payne grading system. SPSS 18.0 was used for statistical analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 159 patients, 10.1% patients had achieved complete response according to the MRI evaluation, and the rate of partial response, stable disease, and progressive disease was 65.4%, 24.5%, and 0 respectively. According to the Miller-Payne grading system, 27.7% patients had pathological response evaluated as G5 (pCR), and the response evaluated as G4, G3, G2, and G1 were 28.3%, 18.9%, 12.6%, and 12.6% respectively. The higher histological grade were correlated with pCR statistically (Z = -2.820, P = 0.005). Meanwhile strong expression of Ki67 (Z = -1.989, P = 0.047) and p53 (Z = -2.457, P = 0.014) were related to pCR in a significant statistically way.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The response of neoadjuvant chemotherapy can be predicted. The histological grade and the immunohistochemistry results of Ki67 and p53 are related to pCR of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for primary breast cancer. Basal-like breast cancer had a higher pCR statistically.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anthracyclines , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Female , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Metabolism , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Taxoids , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3921-3925, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236138

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The clinicopathological classification was proposed in the St. Gallen Consensus Report 2011. We conducted a retrospective analysis of breast cancer subtypes, tumor-nodal-metastatic (TNM) staging, and histopathological grade to investigate the value of these parameters in the treatment strategies of invasive breast cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis of breast cancer subtypes, TNM staging, and histopathological grading of 213 cases has been performed by the methods recommended in the St. Gallen International Expert Consensus Report 2011. The estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2), and Ki-67 of 213 tumor samples have been investigated by immunohistochemistry according to methods for classifying breast cancer subtypes proposed in the St. Gallen Consensus Report 2011.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The luminal A subtype was found in 53 patients (24.9%), the luminal B subtype was found in 112 patients (52.6%), the HER2-positive subtype was found in 22 patients (10.3%), and the triple-negative subtype was found in 26 patients (12%). Histopathological grade and TNM staging differed significantly among the four subtypes of breast cancer (P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is important to consider TNM staging and histopathological grading in the treatment strategies of breast cancer based on the current clinicopathological classification methods.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Breast Neoplasms , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Middle Aged , ErbB Receptors , Metabolism , Receptors, Estrogen , Metabolism , Receptors, Progesterone , Metabolism , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 706-709, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301239

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the predictive value of molecular subtypes and the evaluational value of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2010 to December 2011, the 79 patients diagnosed as primary invasive breast cancer, having received 6 cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and finished the mastectomy or the breast conserving surgery entered this study. A total of 79 patients participated in this prospective study. There were 6 (7.6%) luminal A cases, 42 (53.2%) luminal B cases, 14 HER-2 (17.7%) positive cases and 17 (21.5%) triple negative cases. The associations between molecular subtypes and clinical response as well as the pathological response were analyzed. The predictive value of molecular subtypes for the neoadjuvant chemotherapy was studied.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Clinical effective rate was 85.3% (66/79). There was no statistical correlation between molecular subtypes and clinical effective rate. Pathologic effective rate was 79.7% (63/79). There was no statistical correlation between molecular subtypes and pathologic effective rate. Twenty-seven case achieved pathologic complete remission (pCR) in all the patients. No case achieved pCR in the patients classified as Luminal A. Twelve cases (28.6%, 12/42) achieved pCR in the luminal B patients.Five cases (5/14) achieved pCR in the HER-2 overexpression patients. Ten cases (10/17) achieved pCR in the triple-negative patients. There was a statistical correlation between the molecular subtypes and the pCR rate (P = 0.039), and between clinical evaluation by dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI and evaluation of pathological response (r = 0.432, P = 0.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Molecular subtypes and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI have a good value of predicting and evaluating the response of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on breast cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Breast Neoplasms , Pathology , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3856-3860, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256628

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Earlier studies have examined the association between the diameter of primary tumors measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histopathology in breast cancer patients. However, the diameter does not completely describe the dimensions of the breast tumor or its volumetric proportion relative to the whole breast. The association between breast tumor volume/breast volume ratios measured by these two techniques has not been reported.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-three patients were recruited from female patients with primary breast tumors admitted to our center between January and December 2010. They were divided into two groups. Group A (n = 46) underwent modified radical mastectomy (MRM), and Group B (n = 27) underwent preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy before MRM. They were examined by dynamic-contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) to measure breast volumes (BVs), tumor volumes (TVs), and tumor volume/breast volume ratios (TV/BV). These measurements were compared with histopathology results after MRM, and the associations between MRI and pathology were analyzed by linear regression and Bland-Altman analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>For Group A, the correlation coefficients for BVs, TVs, and TV/BV ratios measured by the two techniques were 0.938, 0.921, and 0.897 (all P < 0.001), respectively. For Group B, the correlation coefficients for BVs, TVs, and TV/BV ratios were 0.936, 0.902, and 0.869 (all P < 0.01), respectively. The results suggest statistically significant correlations between these parameters measured by the two techniques for both groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For these patients, BVs, TVs, and TV/BV ratios measured by DCE-MRI significantly correlated with those determined by histopathology.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Breast , Pathology , Breast Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Contrast Media , Female , Humans , Image Enhancement , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Mastectomy, Modified Radical , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Tumor Burden
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1870-1875, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338564

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Chemotherapy causes breakdown of the intestinal barrier, which may lead to bacterial translocation. Paclitaxel, an anti-tubulin agent, has many side effects; however, its effect on the intestinal barrier is unknown. Previous studies show that granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) plays an important role in modulating intestinal barrier function, but these studies are not conclusive. Here, we investigated the effects of paclitaxel on the intestinal barrier, and whether G-CSF could prevent paclitaxel-induced bacterial translocation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: control group, paclitaxel group and paclitaxel + G-CSF group. Intestinal permeability was measured by the urinary excretion rates of lactulose and mannitol administered by gavage. The mesenteric lymph nodes, spleen and liver were aseptically harvested for bacterial culture.Endotoxin levels and white blood cell (WBC) counts were measured and bacterial quantification performed using relative real-time PCR. Jejunum samples were also obtained for histological observation. Intestinal apoptosis was evaluated using a fragmented DNA assay and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate(dUTP)-biotin nick end-labeling staining. One-way analysis of variance and Fisher's exact test were used to compare differences between groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Paclitaxel induced apoptosis in 12.5% of jejunum villus cells, which was reduced to 3.8% by G-CSF treatment.Apoptosis in the control group was 0.6%. Paclitaxel treatment also resulted in villus atrophy, increased intestinal permeability and a reduction in the WBC count. G-CSF treatment resulted in increased villus height and returned WBC counts to normal levels. No bacterial translocation was detected in the control group, whereas 6/8, 8/8, and 8/8 rats in the paclitaxel group were culture-positive in the liver, spleen and mesenteric lymph nodes, respectively. Bacterial translocation was partially inhibited by G-CSF.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Paclitaxel disrupts the intestinal barrier, resulting in bacterial translocation. G-CSF treatment protects the intestinal barrier, prevents bacterial translocation, and attenuates paclitaxel-induced intestinal side-effects.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Bacterial Translocation , Endotoxins , Blood , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Pharmacology , Intestinal Absorption , Intestines , Metabolism , Pathology , Leukocyte Count , Male , Paclitaxel , Pharmacology , Permeability , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 194-198, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321471

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy necessitates assessment of response to cytotoxic drugs. The aim of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for evaluating clinical responses to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We examined patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy for primary breast cancer between October 2007 and September 2008. Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI was used to examine breast tumors prior to and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The MRI examination assessed tumors using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST). The Miller-Payne grading system was used as a histopathological examination to assess the effect of the treatment. We examined the relationship between the results of RECIST and histopathological criteria. In addition, we used time-signal intensity curves (MRI T-SI) to further evaluate the effects of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on tumor response.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MRI examination of patients completing four three-week anthracycline-taxanes chemotherapy treatment revealed that no patients had complete responses (CR), 58 patients had partial responses (PR), 29 patients had stable disease (SD), and four with progressive disease (PD). The effectiveness of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (CR + PR) was 63.7% (58/91). The postoperative histopathological evaluations revealed the following: seven G5 (pCR) cases (7.7%), 39 G4 cases (42.9%), 16 G3 cases (17.6%), 23 G2 cases (25.3%), and six G1 cases (6.6%). The effectiveness (G5 + G4 + G3) was 68.1% (62/91). MRI T-SI standards classified 53 responding cases, 29 stable cases, and nine progressing cases. These results indicated that the treatment was 58.2% effective (53/91) overall.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI and histopathological standards were highly correlated. Importantly, MRI T-SI evaluation was found to be useful in assessing the clinical effectiveness of neoadjuvant chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anthracyclines , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Contrast Media , Chemistry , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Taxoids , Therapeutic Uses
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 450-453, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254764

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship between Ki67 expression and tumor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy with anthracyclines plus taxanes in breast cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2008 to June 2009, 129 patients with primary breast invasive ductal cancer received neoadjuvant chemotherapy with anthracyclines plus taxanes. The expression of Ki67 in the tumor tissues was determined by using immunohistochemistry with core needle biopsy specimens prior to the chemotherapy. The tumor response to the chemotherapy was evaluated by dynamic enhanced MRI based on RECIST2000 criteria, pathologic response was assessed according to Miller-Payne grading system, and the clinical comprehensive response was evaluated based on MRI combined with pathologic response.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Dynamic enhanced MRI classified 87 cases (67.4%) as effective. According to the Miller-Payne grading system, 99 cases (76.7%) were ranged effective. One hundred and ten cases (85.5%) were recognized as clinically comprehensive effective. The effective rates of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with a Ki67 expression >10% evaluated by the above-mentioned three standards were 73.2%, 81.4% and 89.7%, respectively; and those in patients with a Ki67 expression < or = 10% were 50.0%, 62.5% and 71.9%, respectively. Compared with patients with a Ki67 expression < or = 10%, the patients with a Ki67 expression >10% had better response rates determined by all the three standards (P values were 0.020, 0.030 and 0.010, respectively). The Ki67 expression in the tumor tissue was linearly correlated with clinically comprehensive response on the Linear-Linear association analysis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There is a statistic association between Ki67 expression and tumor response to the neoadjuvant chemotherapy with anthracyclines plus taxanes in breast cancer, and the patients with a higher expression of Ki67 has a better tumor response to the chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anthracyclines , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Female , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Metabolism , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Taxoids , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 559-562, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314544

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Adjuvant chemotherapy has become an important component of standard therapy for breast cancer. However, until now, there have been few reports on the surgical site infections (SSI) after breast cancer surgery, specially after adjuvant chemotherapy. To study the risk factors of SSI of breast cancer, we analyzed patients diagnosed with breast cancer and treated with surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-five patients diagnosed with breast cancer and received breast conserving or modified radical operations in our hospital during January 2008 to March 2008 were selected. Factors (patients' age, body mass index (BMI), diabetes mellitus, no or administered adjuvant chemotherapy, with or without onset of myelosuppression and the degree, surgical approaches, duration of operation, postoperative drainage duration and total drainage volume) associated with SSI were retrospectively reviewed and statistically analyzed by single factor analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Five patients suffered SSI (5/55, 9.1%); nineteen receiving adjuvant chemotherapy experienced Grade III + myelosuppression, among which 4 had SSI; only 1 out of the remaining 36 patients without adjuvant chemotherapy had SSI. The difference between the two groups was significant (P = 0.043). The incidence of SSI in patients with post-operative drainage tube indwelling longer than 10 days was 5/21, whereas no SSI occurred in that less than 10 days (P = 0.009). In our study, there was no significant difference in other associated factors.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Concurrent Grade III + myelosuppression after adjuvant chemotherapy is an important risk factor of SSI in breast cancer and needs further study. No SSI was detected with indwelling time of post operative drainage less than 10 days.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Marrow , Breast Neoplasms , General Surgery , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Female , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Pharmacology , Humans , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Wound Infection
11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 349-352, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238897

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the role of breast B ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging in assessing the tumor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty-five patients with breast cancer diagnosed by core needle biopsy received neoadjuvant chemotherapy entered this prospective study. Breast B ultrasonography and dynamic enhanced MRI was performed before chemotherapy induction, after the second course and the fourth course of chemotherapy prior to the surgery. Clinical evaluation was made through the tumor reduction measured by B ultrasonography and MRI, based on the response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Measured by dynamic enhanced MRI, 56 patients got partial response (PR), 27 got stable disease (SD) and 2 got progressive disease (PD), none complete response (CR). Measured by B ultrasonography, 52 patients got PR, 31 got SD, 2 got PD, no CR. Residual tumor size after chemotherapy on MRI correlated well with post-operative pathologic findings (r = 0.783, P < 0.05), and B ultrasonography correlated moderately with microscopic findings (r = 0.576, P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Dynamic enhanced MRI is a reliable method to evaluate tumor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Drug Therapy , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Mammary
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 858-862, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295219

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of this study is to investigate the changes of expression of estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR), Her-2, Ki-67 and histological grade after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-seven patients with histopathalogically confirmed breast cancer by core needle biopsy received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy was assessed according to the criteria of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society: non-effective (G1), mildly effective (G2), moderately effective (G3), markedly effective (G4) and completely effective (G5). All pathological slides were retrospectively reviewed. Immunohistochemical staining (EnVision method) was used to detect the expression of ER and PR, Her-2 and Ki-67. The pre- and post-neoadjuvant chemotherapy status of tumor histological grade, ER and PR, Her-2 and Ki-67 expression in the 49 cases were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy was assessed in 67 patients. There were 5 cases (7.5%) in G1, 19 in G2 (28.4%), 20 in G3 (29.9%), 17 in G4 (25.4%) and 6 in G5 (9.0%), respectively. PR positive rate was 71.4% after chemotherapy versus 91.8% before chemotherapy, with a statistically significant reduction (P = 0.021). However, the ER and Her-2 expression before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy was stable. Of the patients with invasive ductal carcinoma, 28.6% had histological grade change after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and 85.7% of patients decreased one grade. The proportion of histological grade change in the G1, G2, G3, G4 were 0, 5.9%, 41.2% and 54.5%, respectively (P = 0.013). The average rate of Ki-67 expression decreased from 28.3% pre-chemotherapy to 11.0% post-chemotherapy (P = 0.011). After the neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the Ki-67 expression rate decreased by > 10%, > 20%, > 30%, > 40% and > 50% in 3 groups (G1 and G2, group G3, group G4 and G5) showed a tendency to be increased, with a significant difference (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PR expression in breast cancer decreases after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, while ER and Her-2 expressions remain stable. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the histological grade and proliferation index are decreased and correlated with the response to chemotherapy. Therefore, histological grade and proliferation index may be effective complementary factors in assessment of the effectiveness of neoadjuvant chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Carcinoma, Lobular , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Epirubicin , Female , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Metabolism , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Methods , Paclitaxel , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Metabolism , Receptors, Estrogen , Metabolism , Receptors, Progesterone , Metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Taxoids
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 149-153, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299959

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of tissue factor (TF) expression in the invasive and metastatic ability of colorectal carcinoma and explore the influence of TF on the invasive ability of HT-29 cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>TF expression of specimens from 85 colorectal carcinomas and 6 colorectal adenomas was observed by immunohistochemistry. The role of TF expression in prognosis and tumor invasion and metastasis was analyzed. The plasmids pcDNA3.1/Zeo bearing either sense or antisense-TFcDNA were transfected into HT-29 cells by the way of Lipofectamine 2000. TF proteins in transfected and untransfected HT-29cells were detected by Western blot. In vitro Matrigel invasion assays were performed to show the invasive ability of those cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TF expression was positive in 40 (47.1%) of 85 colorectal carcinoma specimens, but negative in normal mucosa and adenoma specimens. TF expression showed significant correlation with tumor invasive depth (r = 0.895, P < 0.01). TF expression showed significant correlation with synchronous and metachronous hepatic metastasis (r = 0.974, P < 0.01 and r = 0.963, P < 0.01 respectively). TF expression was a significant risk factor for hepatic metastasis (P < 0.01) and prognosis (P < 0.01). TF expression in HT-29 cells with sense/antisense-TFcDNA transfection was more/less than that of the cells without transfection. The invasive ability of HT-29 cells with sense-TFcDNA transfection was increased in vitro compared with the untransfected cells, but HT-29 cells with antisense-TFcDNA transfection got the contrary change.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TF may take part in the invasive and metastatic process of primary colorectal carcinoma, and TF expression may be an indicator of hepatic metastasis and prognosis for colorectal carcinoma patients. TF expression may increase the invasive ability of HT-29 cell in vitro.</p>


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Cell Movement , Colorectal Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , HT29 Cells , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Thromboplastin , Genetics
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