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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of local brain neural activity in post stroke aphasia (PSA) patients in different frequency bands and the relationship between Western Aphasia Battery (WAB) scores and specific frequency bands. Methods:From March, 2015 to May, 2018, 15 PSA patients, and 15 healthy adults as controls matched for age, gender and education were recruited. They were assessed with WAB and scaned with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. The amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) and fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) on the frequency bands of 0.01-0.08 Hz, 0.027-0.073 Hz, and 0.01-0.027 Hz were calculated. The ALFF and fALFF in different frequency bands were extracted and the correlation with the WAB scores in the patients were analyzed. Results:On 0.01-0.08 Hz, ALFF increased in the right precentral gyrus in the patients. On 0.027-0.073 Hz, ALFF increased values in the right precentral gyrus, and fALFF decreased in the right cerebellar Crus2 region; fALFF in the right cerebellar Crus2 region negatively correlated with the scores of information content (r = -0.576, P = 0.025), auditory comprehension (r = -0.658, P = 0.008), repetition (r = -0.616, P = 0.014) and aphasia quotient (r = -0.611, P = 0.016) of WAB. On 0.01-0.027 Hz, the fALFF decreased in the left inferior parietal limbic gyrus, and positively correlated with the scores of information content (r = 0.538, P = 0.039) and aphasia quotient (r = 0.526, P = 0.044). Conclusion:Resting-state fALFF abnormalities in PSA patients are frequency-dependent, which associate with some frequency-specific neurofunctional alterations.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905152

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a patient-reported outcomes (PRO) scale for post-stroke aphasia based on the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) holism. Methods:Referring to the TCM holism, the theoretical model was established following the standard process for the development of the PRO scale. An item pool was established and optimized with case review, patient interview, expert questionnaire survey and consensus conference. The PRO scale was established finally. Results:A pool of post-stroke aphasia items based on the holistic view of TCM was constructed in the physical, psychological and social model. The Expert Comment Form for the PRO Scale for Aphasia after Stroke was formed after sorting out the item pool. After expert surveys and meeting discussion, 40 items were finally selected to form the first version of Patient-reported Outcomes Scale for Post-stroke Aphasia-TCM. Conclusion:The first version of Patient-reported Outcomes Scale for Post-stroke Aphasia-TCM has been developed based on the TCM holism and the concept of PRO, which can be evaluated clinically.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879095

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to explore the key genes and pathogenesis of ischemic stroke(IS) by bioinformatics, and predict the potential traditional Chinese medicines for IS. Based on the gene-chip raw data set of GSE22255 from National Center of Biotechnology Information(NCBI), the article enrolled in 20 patients with ischemic stroke and 20 sex-and age-matched controls, and differentially expressed genes(DEGs) were screened based on R language software. The DAVID tool and R language software were used to perform gene ontology(GO) biological process enrichment analysis and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and gnomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. The DEGs were imported into STRING to construct a protein-protein interaction network, and the Molecular Complexity Module(MCODE) plug-in of Cytoscape software was used to visualize and analyze the key functional modules. Moreover, the core genes and the medical ontology information retrieval platform(Coremine Medical) were mapped to each other to screen the traditional Chinese medicines and construct drug-active ingredient-target network. Compared with healthy controls, 14 DEGs were obtained, of which 12 genes were up-regulated and 2 genes were down-regulated. DEGs were mainly involved in immune response, inflammatory process, signal transduction, and cell proliferation regulation. The interleukin-17(IL-17), nuclear factor kappaB(NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor(TNF), nucleotide binding oligomerization domain(NOD)-like receptor and other signaling pathways were involved in KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. The key modules of the DEGs-encoding protein interaction network mainly focused on 7 genes of TNF, JUN, recombinant immediate early response 3(IER3), recombinant early growth response protein 1(EGR1), prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2(PTGS2), C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 8(CXCL8) and C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 2(CXCL2), which were involved in biological processes widely such as neuroinflammation and immunity. TNF and JUN were the key nodes in this module, which might become potential biological markers for diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of IS. The potential traditional Chinese medicines for the treatment of IS includes Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Croci Stigma, Scutellariae Radix, and Cannabis Fructus. The occurrence of stroke was the result of multiple factors. Dysregulation of genes and pathways related to immune regulation and inflammation may be the key link for the development of IS. This study provided research direction and theoretical basis for further exploring the mechanism of action of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of IS and searching for potential drug targets.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , China , Computational Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Stroke/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905503

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the characteristics of electroencephalogram (EEG) power spectrum network of right hemisphere in patients with post-stroke aphasia (PSA) after left brain damaged. Methods:From December, 2018 to June, 2019, twelve PSA patients with left hemisphere injury were recruited and twelve healthy adults were matched as control group. China Rehabilitation Research Center aphasia examination (CRRCAE) was used to evaluated the linguistic function, and the EEG was collected. The functional connection characteristics of Alpha and Theta power spectrum were compared, and the correlation with language items was analyzed. Results:In PSA patients, the functional connection enhanced in Alpha and Theta frequency bands of central area, frontal, parietal and frontal-parietal joint areas, and decreased in Theta frequency bands of temporoparietal, parietal-occipital area, frontal, fronta-parietal and frontal central areas. The enhancement of alpha frequency functional connection from the right parietal occipital region to the central region was significantly correlated to the reduction of the expression ability (P < 0.05), while the weakening of theta frequency functional connection between the right parietal occipital region and the forehead and the center of the forehead was significantly correlated to the ability of speaking, reading, copying, dictation and calculation (r = -0.676~-0.717, P < 0.05). Conclusion:EEG power spectrum network can reflect the reorganization of right brain function network, and the change of right frontal parietal central network function connection may be closely related to PSA language injury and recovery.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905498

ABSTRACT

The cognitive neuroscience researches about post-stroke aphasia provide the interpretation of all aspects of linguistics. The word-picture research paradigm can be applied to assess different types of aphasia, in various ways of stimulation modes and models. It is more helpful combining functional magenetic resonance imaging to research the mechanism of brain damage and recovery objectively. The interactive application of language task and imaging has also become a new direction in the mechanism study of aphasia.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905481

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of right brain language network in post-stroke aphasia (PSA) patients with left hemisphere injury. Methods:From December, 2018 to June, 2019, twelve PSA patients with left hemisphere injury, and twelve matched healthy controls were recruited to accept rest-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (f-MRI) scan, and analyzed the characteristics of right brain function network with Dual Stream model. Results:There were two patients lost. Compared with the controls, for dorsolateral lingual pathway, the functional connections increased from superior marginal gyrus to middle frontal gyrus and inferior frontal gyrus of trigone in the patients, while those decreased from posterior central gyrus to inferior frontal gyrus of insula. For ventral lingual pathway, the functional connection increased from angular gyrus to orbital inferior frontal gyrus. For ventral and dorsolateral double-pathway, the functional connections increased from temporal lobe to lenticular pallidum and angular gyrus, from caudate nucleus to inferior frontal gyrus of insula, from lenticular putamen nucleus to middle frontal gyrus and trigonometry, while it decreased from superior marginal gyrus and temporal lobe to inferior frontal gyrus of insula. There was a negative correlation between the functional connection from inferior frontal gyrus to lenticular putamen and repeating (r = -0.720, P < 0.05), between the functional connection from inferior frontal gyrus to the caudate nucleus to speaking and repeating (r < -0.696, P < 0.05). In terms of network index, there were significant differences between the patients and the controls in both local and global indexes for language key brain area in right brain (|t| > 2.143, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The functional network has reorganized in right hemisphere of PSA patients. However, the increase of connection between language critical cortex and subcortical nuclei may play a role in improvement of language function.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905090

ABSTRACT

Electroencephalogram (EEG) contains abundant physiological and pathological information. With the development of analysis, EEG can measure the neurodynamics at the sub-second level during impaired speech processing, providing a new perspective for revealing the occurrence, development and recovery mechanism of post-stroke aphasia. EEG plays an important role in the goal setting of rehabilitation for post-stroke aphasia, and serves as an evaluation of the efficacy for clinical rehabilitation.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744573

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the role of working memory in the process of language, and provide an objective evaluation for Chinese language rehabilitation.Methods From December, 2017 to June, 2018, 20 healthy subjects accepted word-picture matching tasks as the word and picture showed on the different (task 1) or same (task 2) screens, and their event-related potential of N400 were compared in matched and mismatched conditions.Results Forteen subjects were included finally. Task 1 induced N400 appeared earlier with higher amplitude and more activation in central parietal occipital region, followed larger N170 and P1 wave. There were significant differences in most cerebral regions between the two tasks in N400 amplitude difference of matched and mismatched conditions (t> 2.319, P < 0.05).Conclusion Word-picture matching tasks may involve more language-related brain regions with the intervention of working memory, that might work better in process of vocabulary. The tasks simulating the scene of Chinese language rehabilitation can be used as an objective evaluation for clinical activities.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301023

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the specifificity of Tongli (HT 5) and Xuanzhong (GB 39) paired acupionts in aspects of Deqi sensation and brain activation patterns during electroacupuncture.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this study, 15 healthy subjects were enrolled. All participants suffered two kinds of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) examinations randomly: Examination A received electro-acupuncture (EA) at the bilateral Tongli (HT5) and Xuanzhong (GB 39) acupoints (ACU), and examination B received EA at bilateral non-acupoints (NAP). The subjects reported the feeling of Deqi at each examination later respectively. A multi-voxel pattern analysis method and Statistical Program for Social Sciences were used to analyze the data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ACU group (Exam A) reported fullness, heaviness, numbness, soreness and throbbing of signifificantly greater intensity than the NAP group (Exam B). In addition, there was no statistical signifificance between two groups in aching, tingling, deep pressure, sharp pain, dull pain, warmness and cold. Meanwhile, fMRI data revealed differences between two groups in discriminating accuracy of brain somatosensory cortex and language-related cortices.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Needling HT 5 and GB 39 may modulate language function through a complex brain network, suggesting that it may be benefificial to the recovery of language function in patients with aphasia.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Adult , Brain , Pathology , Electroacupuncture , Methods , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Pattern Recognition, Physiological
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348449

ABSTRACT

There were different emphasis between Chinese medicine and Western medicine in the study of apoplectic aphasia, the study of Chinese medicine lay particular emphasis on treatment with more interfering methods but lacking unifying evaluation criteria; while studies of Western medicine lay particular emphasis on studies of mechanisms, classification and language rehabilitation of aphasia, etc.. Selection and application of scientific study methods are key to attain expectation results of studies, and deeply make studies of apoplectic aphasia, so as to explore and establish the model of integrated Chinese and western medicine study of aphasia, promote rehabilitation of language function and increase life quality of the patient of apoplexy.


Subject(s)
Aphasia , Therapeutics , Humans , Language , Language Therapy , Stroke , Therapeutics , Thinking
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