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1.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 340-346, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932935

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the domestic and international demand and development trend of clinical diagnostic radionuclides are analyzed, and the medium and high-energy cyclotrons, adequate and systematic facilities, and preparation techniques required for the production of medical radionuclides based on solid targets are introduced. This paper focuses on the research and development carried out by some important medical institutions and scientific research institutes in China over the years in the aspects of medium and high-energy cyclotrons, beam transmission lines, high-power irradiation target stations and new medical isotope production processes etc. It also looks forward to some new directions for the development of medical radionuclides in China during the 14th Five-Year Plan period.

2.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 700-705, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) procedure on hemodynamics in cirrhotic patients.Methods:A total of 23 cirrhotic patients for TIPS insertion were enrolled from January 2018 to October 2018. Serum N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), transthoracic echocardiography and non-invasive cardiac output measurement based on impedance cardiogram were carried out before and 24h, 1 month, 6 months after TIPS in order to observe cardiac function and hemodynamic changes after TIPS.Results:Significant increases in right atrial area [(17.2±4.0) cm 2 vs. (15.0±3.4) cm 2, P<0.05], right ventricular area [(15.1±3.8) cm 2 vs. (13.7±3.5) cm 2, P<0.05] and left ventricular volume [(97.4±21.5) ml vs. (91.1±22.7) ml, P<0.05] were observed 24 h after TIPS. These changes were accompanied with significant reduction in collapsible index of inferior vena cava [(20.7± 8.1)% vs. (28.6±11.3)%, P<0.01] and elevation in pulmonary arterial systolic pressure [(36.0±8.4) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) vs. (31.8±5.4) mmHg, P<0.01]. There also existed significantly elevated serum NT-proBNP [(551.2±325.1) ng/L vs. (124.2±94.4) ng/L, P<0.01], cardiac output [(5.82±0.96) L/min vs. (5.12±1.28) L/min, P<0.01], cardiac index [(3.47±0.64) L·min -1·m -2 vs. (3.05±0.78) L·min -1·m -2, P<0.01], early diastolic filling rate [(59.0±14.3)% vs. (54.5±11.0)%, P<0.05], and reduced systemic vascular resistance index (SVRi) [(1 798.4±357.3) dyne·s·cm -5·m -2 vs. (2 195.7±508.7) dyne·s·cm -5·m -2, P<0.01] 24 h after TIPS. At the end of 6-month follow-up, all these parameters, but not SVRi, returned towards baseline values. Moreover, peak early to late diastolic tissue velocity ratio at the level of lateral mitral annulus (E′/A′) was significantly higher at the end of 6-month follow-up than that at baseline (1.06±0.32 vs. 0.90±0.45, P<0.05). Neither the right ventricular fractional area changes nor the left ventricular ejection fractions during the follow-up period were different from those at baseline ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Cirrhotic patients who had no cardiovascular pathologies had adequate adaptation and good compensation ability to reach a new hemodynamic homeostasis for the increased volume load after TIPS insertion.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 185-188, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700430

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of interfering Twist expression on glycolysis in pancreatic cancer PANC1 cells and explore the potential mechanism.Methods Twist targeting siRNA (siTWIST) was designed and synthesized,and pancreatic cancer PANC1 cells were transfected with siTWIST using liposome,with nonspecific siRNA (siNC) transfected cells as negative control group and untransfected cells as blank control group.RT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of Twist mRNA and protein,and Akt and p-Akt protein expression in different groups;cell proliferation was detected by MTT;and glycolysis key enzyme (pyruvate kinase and hexokinase) activity and the content of lactic acid in the supernatant of culture fluid were detected.Results Twist mRNA level in control group,siRNA group and siTwist group expression was 1.00 ± 0.09,1.01 ± 0.08 and 0.36 ± 0.02;Twist protein level was 0.41 ± 0.05,0.42 ± 0.04 and 0.12 ± 0.06;the mRNA and protein expression in siTWIST group was obviously lower than those in control group and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).The cell survival rate was (100.02± 9.36)%,(100.01 ± 10.25)% and (59.32± 7.26)%,which in siTWIST group was obviously lower than that in control group;pyruvate kinase activity was (0.73 ± 0.05)U/mg,(0.72 ± 0.08) U/mg and (0.43 ± 0.05) U/mg;the activities of hexokinase were (4.98 ± 0.48) U/mg,(4.96 ± 0.52) U/mg and (2.54 ± 0.21) U/mg;the content of lactic acid was (20.36 ± 2.61) mmol/L,(20.64 ± 3.05) mmol/L and (9.48 ± 1.09) mmol/L;the ratio of p-Akt/Akt was 0.65 ± 0.04,0.63 ± 0.07,and 0.25 ± 0.04,which in siTWIST group was obviously lower than that in control group.Conclusions Interference with Twist expression could inhibit the proliferation and glycolysis pathway in pancreatic cancer cells,and the mechanism may be related to the Akt signaling pathway.

4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 198-203, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808322

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Diagnostic efficacy of serum markers is low for heart failure patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HF-pEF) as compared to heart failure patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction.We sought to explore the diagnostic value of serum levels of soluble ST2 (sST2) combined with interleukin-33 (IL-33) for the diagnosis of HF-pEF in this study.@*Methods@#A total of 376 patients with HF-pEF (HF group), 376 matched-control patients without heart failure who shared similar clinical characteristics (non-HF group) were included in the study.Another 500 healthy individuals were recruited for assessing the normal ranges of IL-33 and sST2.Serum levels of NT-proBNP were measured by chemi-luminescence assay, while IL-33 and sST2 were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.@*Results@#Serum levels of IL-33 and sST2 were not normally distributed in healthy population.Serum concentrations of IL-33 and sST2 were significantly higher in HF-pEF patients than in patients in non-HF group (median, IL-33: 0.437 μg/L vs. 0.127 μg/L, P<0.01; sST: 0.118 μg/L vs. 0.067 μg/L, P<0.01). The area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of sST2 for detecting HF-pEF was 0.763 (95%CI 0.729-0.795, P<0.01), with 71.01% sensitivity and 66.75% specificity, the AUC was 0.884 (95%CI 0.859-0.908, P<0.01), with 80.05% sensitivity and 81.91% specificity in patients with serum IL-33 higher than 0.117 μg/L (median level of serum IL-33 in healthy individuals, n=306). The AUC of NT-proBNP for detecting HF-pEF was 0.83, with 74.73% sensitivity and 84.57% specificity.The AUC of sST2 for detecting HF-pEF was significantly higher than NT-proBNP in population with high serum IL-33 (AUC: 0.88 vs. 0.83, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Serum sST2 could serve as a satisfactory biomarker for HF-pEF diagnosis, especially for patients with high serum IL-33 concentrations.

5.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 315-320,382, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790760

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the chemical constituents in the marine sponge, Spongia sp., collected from the Xisha Islands.Methods The pure chemical components from the petroleum ether extract of Spongia sp.were obtained by repeated column chromatography on silica gel,ODS,Sephadex LH-20 and semi-preparative HPLC.Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analysis and comparison with the reported data.The antifungal activity of those compounds was evaluated by dilution method.Results 9 compounds were isolated and identified,including smenodiol(1),smenospongorine(2),5-epi-smenospongorine(3),dictyoceratin C(4),epi-smenospongidine(5),dictyoceratin A(6),stigmasta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one(7),3-oxo-4,6,8(14)-triunsaturated steroids(8),ergosta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one(9).Conclusion Compounds 1~9 were isolated from the sponge of genus spongia for the first time.Compound 2、3、5 and 9 exhibited antifungal activities against Candida albicans,Trichophyton mentaqrophytes and Trichophyton rubrum with the MIC values of 12.5~25 μg/ml.

6.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 382-384, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490640

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the impacts of two anesthesia approaches on infections of immunological parameters during splenectomy in hepatocellular carcinoma patients .Methods: Sixty hepatocellular carcinoma patients were divided into two groups randomly,each groups was thirty (liver function Child-Pugh grade was A-B).Total intravenous anesthesia with pmpofol group (group A,n=30 ) and combined intravenous inhalational anesthesia with sevoflurane group (group B,n=30 ).Before induction of anesthesia , at the end of operation ,and after operation 24 hours.blood samples were collected to determined with the level of CD 3+,CD4+,CD8+, CD4+/CD8+and TNF-α, IL-2, IL-6 of hepatocellular carcinoma patients .Results: The perioperative physiological index MAP , HR, SpO2,RR each point had no obvious difference between two groups (P>0.05).The levels of CD3+,CD4+,CD8+,CD4+/CD8+had no significant difference between two groups before anesthesia (P>0.05).There was no significant changes in CD3+,CD8+with two groups in all moments.Compared with the T0,A,B two groups of CD4+,CD4+/CD8+were lower (P0.05 ) .Compared with the T0 moment,there was no significant change in group A of TNF-αlevel (P>0.05),while group B increased significantly in postoperative day ( P0.05 ) . Conclusion: Both total intravenous anesthesia with pmpofol and combined intravenous inhalational anesthesia with sevoflurane inhibit the immune function of the patients with hepatocellular carcinoma cell immune reaction .The inhibitory effect of sevoflurane inhalation anesthesia on cell immune function is less affected .

7.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2831-2837, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489953

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:It has been proved that bone marrow mononuclear cel transplantation can obviously improve neurological function of rats with cerebral hemorrhage. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effects of transplanted bone marrow mononuclear cel s on the neurological function and apoptosis in perihematomal brain tissues fol owing cerebral hemorrhage in a rat model. METHODS:Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley rats were given stereotaxical injection of col agenase IV into the caudate nucleus to establish cerebral hemorrhage models in transplantation group (n=12) and model group (n=12), and then at 6 hours after cerebral hemorrhage, rats in these two groups were administrated 3x1010/L al ograft bone marrow mononuclear cel s and the same amount of PBS, respectively. Another 12 rats were given no interventions as control group. Neurological functions of rats were assessed at 1, 4, 8, 16 days after cerebral hemorrhage;pathological changes of the injury sites were observed at 16 days after transplantation;neuronal apoptosis rates in the perihematomal brain tissue were detected by flow cytometry at 2 and 4 days after transplantation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The modified neurologic severity scores in the transplantation group were significantly lower than those in the model group at 8 and 16 days after cerebral hemorrhage (P<0.05). In the control group, cel s in each layer arranged closely with complete structure, and neurons and glial cel s were in good shape;in the model group, perihematomal brain tissues were loose with intercel ular gap, in which most neurons and glial cel s became necrotic;in the transplantation group, cel s in each layer arranged closely and regularly, and glial cel proliferation occurred. Besides, compared with the model group, the neuronal apoptosis rate in the transplantation group was significantly lower (P<0.05). To conclude, bone marrow mononuclear cel s can significantly enhance the neurological function recovery and reduce neuronal apoptosis in the brain of cerebral hemorrhage rats.

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 87-91,92, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600710

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the immunomodulatory effects of sea cucumber fucoidan ( SC-FUC) on macro-phage and the signaling pathways. Methods Cell via-bilities in response to different concentrations of SC-FUC were analyzed by MTT, phagocytosis ability was detected by neutral red,and nitric oxide ( NO) produc-tion was examined by Griess reaction kit. The mRNA expression levels of IL-6 , IL-10 , Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and related signal molecules MyD88, TRIF, NF-κB were assayed by real-time PCR. All the experi-ments were based on murine RAW264. 7 cell line. Re-sults SC-FUC could promote RAW264 . 7 cell prolif-eration, phagocytosis as evidenced by uptake of neutral red and release of NO. The effects were significant at the early stage (6 h and 12 h) . SC-FUC could up-reg-ulate the expression of IL-6 , IL-10 , TLR4 , TLR5 , TLR9. Moreover, mRNA expressions of TLRs signaling molecules were increased, as well as MyD88, TRIF, NF-κB. Conclusions SC-FUC could activate macro-phage, and then promote the immune function by pro-moting production or expression of NO, IL-6, IL-10. It is speculated to be relevant to activated cell surface re-ceptors in macrophage, including TLR4, TLR5, TLR9, and NF-κB signaling pathways.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2700-2706, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318591

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The purpose of this review was to delineate our current knowledge of the close relationship between the abundance of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and the risk of all major cardiovascular disease, especially atrial fibrillation (AF).</p><p><b>DATA SOURCES</b>The data analyzed in this review were mainly from articles reported in PubMed published from 1972 to 2014.</p><p><b>STUDY SELECTION</b>Original articles and critical reviews relevant to EAT and AF were selected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>EAT, a particular form of metabolically active visceral fat deposited around the heart, is being regarded as an important independent predictor of cardio-metabolic diseases. EAT is composed of smaller adipocytes than other visceral fat depots and functioned like brown adipose tissue (BAT) to protect adjacent tissues. Improving the understanding of EAT in AF genesis and maintenance may contribute to prevent AF and reduce the complications associated with AF.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The findings suggest that EAT associates with AF severity and the recurrence of AF after catheter ablation even after adjustment for AF risk factors, but the precise mechanisms are not fully elucidated.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Adipose Tissue , Pathology , Atrial Fibrillation , Cardiovascular Diseases , Therapeutics
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2953-2959, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318570

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Atherosclerosis is a kind of disease with multiple risk factors, of which hyperlipidemia is a major classical risk factor resulting in its pathogenesis and development. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of short-term intensive atorvastatin (IA) therapy on vascular endothelial function and explore the possible mechanisms that may help to explain the clinical benefits from short-term intensive statin therapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After exposure to high-fat diet (HFD) for 8 weeks, the animals were, respectively, treated with IA or low-dose atorvastatin (LA) for 5 days. Blood lipids, C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), nitric oxide (NO), endothelin-1 (ET-1), and endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation function were, respectively, measured. mRNA and protein expression of CRP, TNF-α, IL-6, macrophage chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) were also evaluated in pericarotid adipose tissue (PCAT) and cultured adipocytes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HFD increased serum inflammatory factor levels; induced significant hyperlipidemia and endothelial dysfunction, including imbalance between NO and ET-1; enhanced inflammatory factors and 5-LO expression; and promoted macrophage infiltration into adipose tissue. Five-day IA therapy could significantly decrease serum inflammatory factor levels and their expression in PCAT; restore the balance between NO and ET-1; and improve endothelial function and macrophage infiltration without significant changes in blood lipids. However, all of the above were not observed in LA therapy. In vitro experiment found that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) enhanced the expression of inflammatory factors and 5-LO in cultured adipocytes, which could be attenuated by short-time (6 hours) treatment of high-dose (5 µmol/L) but not low-dose (0.5 µmol/L) atorvastatin. In addition, inhibiting 5-LO by Cinnamyl-3,4-dihydroxy-α-cyanocinnamate (CDC, a potent and direct 5-LO inhibitor) could significantly downregulate the above-mentioned gene expression in LPS-treated adipocytes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Short-term IA therapy could significantly ameliorate endothelial dysfunction induced by HFD, which may be partly due to attenuating inflammation of PCAT through inhibiting 5-LO pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Adipose Tissue , Allergy and Immunology , Arachidonate 5-Lipoxygenase , Metabolism , Atorvastatin , Heptanoic Acids , Therapeutic Uses , Hyperlipidemias , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Inflammation , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Lipid Metabolism , Pyrroles , Therapeutic Uses
11.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 692-697, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453253

ABSTRACT

The potency of an improved recombinant multi-epitope vaccine against FMDV type Asia1 was evaluated in this study .A multi-epitope gene based on FMDV type Asia1 was designed and a recombinant expression plasmid (pRE-oIgG) was constructed .The proteins ,RE-oIgG and 3D were expressed in E .coli cells and purified with Ni-NTA agarose resin by affinity chromatography .The proteins ,RE-oIgG ,3D and RE-oIgG plus 3D ,were emulsified in an oil adjuvant ISA 206 .Twenty-five female guinea pigs were randomly divided into five groups and intramuscularly vaccinated for with RE-oIgG ,3D ,RE-oIgG plus 3D ,an inactivated FMDV vaccine (type Asia1) ,and PBS .All animals were vaccinated for two times .Anti-FMDV specific an-tibodies ,neutralization antibodies ,protection potency ,and lymphoproliferation assay were detected by ELISA ,virus neutrali-zation assay ,challenge test ,and flow cytometry ,respectively .Results showed that RE-oIgG plus 3D elicited significant high-level anti-FMDV specific antibodies compared to RE-oIgG alone (P<0 .05) .All the vaccinated animals induced higher level lymphoproliferation responses in vitro except PBS .Both 3D alone and PBS produced the negligible neutralizing antibodies and anti-FMDV specific antibodies .RE-oIgG plus FMDV 3D not only elicited high levels of anti-FMDV neutralizing antibodies ,but also induced significant lymphoproliferation responses .More importantly ,RE-oIgG plus 3D conferred complete protection to guinea pigs against challenge with 1 000 GPID50 .Interestingly ,two of five vaccinated animals with 3D alone were full protected against challenge ,and other three animals significantly showed a delay of 2-3 days in the onset of clinical signs .Therefore ,we considered that RE-oIgG plus 3D induces strong humoral and cellular immune responses ,which may be used for control and prevention of FMD in the future .

12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 108-113, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322104

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To characterize unknown glycometabolic state in patients with essential hypertension (EHT) and normotensive patients and determine which EHT patients are candidates for oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This cross-sectional study consecutively recruited 895 EHT patients and 486 normotensive patients. The data including blood glucose, blood pressure, blood lipids, angiography profiles, and left ventricular parameters were collected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>OGTTs performed in all patients revealed that the prevalence of abnormal glucose metabolism (AGM) was significantly higher in EHT patients than in normotensive patients at both baseline (P<0.001) and post-OGTT analysis (P<0.001). In total, 76.4% of the individuals with impaired glucose tolerance and 78.2% of individuals with newly diagnosed diabetes would have remained undetected if OGTTs had not been performed. Newly diagnosed AGM was significantly correlated with the presence and severity of coronary stenosis and left ventricular structure abnormalities and dysfunction. EHT patients with fasting glucose ≥5.6 mmol/L, hypertension duration exceeding 10 years, coronary artery disease, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein >3 mg/L, or high levels of apoB/apoA-1 ratio were at high risk of AGM.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>AGM is more common in patients with EHT than in normotensive patients, and OGTTs is a cost-effective strategy to detect AGM in EHT patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Blood Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Glucose Metabolism Disorders , Metabolism , Glucose Tolerance Test , Hypertension , Metabolism
13.
Virologica Sinica ; (6): 190-197, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423768

ABSTRACT

To develop a safe and efficient recombinant subunit vaccine to foot-and-mouth disease virus(FMDV)type Asia 1 in sheep,a tandem repeated multiple-epitope gene consisting of residues 137-160 and 197-211 of the VP1 gene of FMDV was designed and artificially synthesized.The biologically functional molecule,the ovine IgG heavy constant region(oIgG)as a protein carrier was introduced for design of the multiple-epitope recombinant vaccine and recombinant expression plasmids pET-30a-RE and pET-30a-RE-oIgG were successfully constructed.The recombinant proteins,RE and RE-oIgG,were expressed as a formation of inclusion bodies in E.coli.The immune potential of this vaccine regime in guinea pigs and sheep was evaluated.The results showed that IgG could significantly enhance the immune potential of antigenic epitopes.The recombinant protein RE-oIgG could not only elicit the high levels of neutralizing antibodies and lymphocytes proliferation responses in the vaccinated guinea pigs,but confer complete protection in guinea pigs against virus challenge.Although the recombinant protein RE could not confer protection in the vaccinated animals,it could delay the appearance of the clinical signs and reduce the severity of disease.Inspiringly,the titers of anti-FMDV neutralizing antibodies elicited in sheep vaccinated with RE-oIgG was significantly higher than that for the RE vaccination.Therefore,we speculated that this vaccine formulation may be a promising strategy for designing a novel vaccine against FMDV in the future.

14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 454-461, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292252

ABSTRACT

VP1 is a major antigenic protein of foot-and-mouth disease virus(FMDV), which induces the immune response against FMDV infection, and contains several epitopes of the virus. We designed and chemically synthesized a DNA fragment which encoding a tandem repeat protein of 136-160aa and 198-211aa of a strain of type Asia I FMDV, and cloned the gene of heavy chain constant region of sheep IgG. By using the BamH I, EcoR I and Xho I sites, both genes were cloned into pPROExHTb vector in turn to form a recombinant plasmid pPRO-FshIgG A chimeric protein, named FshIgG, was obtained after transforming the pPRO-FshIgG into Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) host cell and induced by IPTG. Inoculation with 100 microg FsIgG induced strong neutralizing antibody response in guinea pigs, and FshIgG inoculated guinea pigs were also protected against 200 ID50 FMDV challenge. Our study indicated that the heavy chain constant region of sheep IgG can act as the carrier protein for FMDV peptide epitopes, and FshIgG is a potential multiepitope peptide vaccine candidate to prevent FMDV infection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Blood , Capsid Proteins , Genetics , Epitopes , Allergy and Immunology , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Guinea Pigs , Immunization , Immunoglobulin G , Genetics , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Sheep , Viral Vaccines , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
15.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 205-207, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395976

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and significance of activator protein-1 (AP-1)and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) subjects. Methods Immunohistochemical techniques were used to detect the subunit of AP-1 (c-Jun), MMP-2 and MMP-9 in human AMI and normal heart tissue and the expressions of c-Jun and MMPs were measured with computer image analysis system. Results (1) There were expressions of c-Jun, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in normal heart tissue, mainly in myocardial cells and cardiac fibroblasts, and their expressions in AMI myocardial tissues were all significantly higher than those in normal myocardial tissues (P <0.05). (2) The level of MMP-9expression was significantly and positively correlated with c-Jun in AMI heart tissue (r=0.773, P < 0.01).Conclusions The expressions of AP-1 and MMPs increase in human myocardial infarction. These findings suggest that AP-1 transcription activation pathway and MMPs may play an important role in ventricular remodeling of myocardial infarction.

16.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 28-30, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397130

ABSTRACT

Objective Implantable cardioverter defibrillator(ICD)can effectively treat lifethreatening ventricular arrhythmias.The most common side effect is inappropriate discharge.This study analyzes the incidence and causes of inappropriate discharges of ICD in our hospital.Methods Forty.threepatients implanted with ICD in our hospital from November 2001 to October 2007 were involved in our study.Patients were followed-up regularly.All episodes recorded and stored in the ICD were analyzed.Results Seven of the 43 patients underwent ninety-six inappropriate discharges.Inappropriate discharges in six patients were caused by supraventricular tachyarrhythmias(SVT).In one patient the discharge was caused by noise.Most inappropriate discharges occurred in the first year after implantation.The history of atrial fibrillation before implantation is an independent predictor of inappropriate discharges.Conclusions The incidence of inappropriate discharge is 16.3%in our study and the most common cause is SVT.Most inappropriate discharges occur in the first year after implantation.Patients with atrial fibrillation history have a higher risk of inappropriate discharges.

17.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1023-1025, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392017

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the therapeutic effect of aerobic exercise training of different intensity on hypertension. Methods Sixty hypertensive patients were randomly allocated to 2 groups and treated with aerobic exercise training at 20% or 60% of maximal intensity. Not only were the relevanl parameters of exercise capacity measured by the use of treadmill exercise test,but also was ambulatory blood pressure monitored and the quality of life recorded before and after the therapy. Results There was nc significant difference of the decrement in any parameter of ambulatory blood pressure between the two groups ( P>0. 05).There was a significant difference of the increment of general health, vitality, emotion and mentality between the two groups after treatment with group A better than group B(P <0. 05). Conclusions Aerobic exercise training at 20% and 60% of the maximal intensity has similar ambulatory blood pressure, but the quality of life is significantly better after aerobic exercise training at 20% of the maximal intensity.

18.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 451-455, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407432

ABSTRACT

AIM:To detect and compare the longitudinal mitral annulus diastolic velocity and time interval changes by pulsed Doppler tissue imaging(DTI)in patients with angina pectoris(AP)and myocardial infarction(MI),and to explore the value of mitral annulus diastolic velocities and time intervals for evaluation of global left ventricular diastolic dysfunction.METHODS:Fifty patients with established coronary artery disease were divided into AP group(16 cases)and MI group(34 cases).Sixteen age-matched healthy individuals served as the control group.The septum,lateral,anterior and inferior walls of the mitral annulus were displayed,and selected for DTI spectrum sampling.Peak early and late diastolic velocities and their ratio,time to the onset and peak of the early diastolic wave,and regional isovolumic relaxation time were measured,and the average values of the four mitral annular sites were calculated and presented as Em,Am,Em/Am,QEm,TEm and IVRTm,respectively.RESULTS:Compared with the control group,Em and Em/Am were significantly lower in both the AP and the MI groups(P<0.01).Em was even lower in the MI group than that in the AP group(P<0.01).QEm,TEm and IVRTm were significantly longer in the AP and the MI groups than those in control group(P<0.01 or P<0.05).IVRTm was even longer in the MI group than that in AP group(P<0.01).IVRTm had significantly negative correlation with Em(r=-0.64,P<0.01).CONCLUSION:Em,Em/Am,QEm,TEm and IVRTm as measured by pulsed DTI may be promising indexes for quantitative assessment of global left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease.Em and IVRTm may indicate the severity of ischemic myocardial damage.

19.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3389-3392, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407203

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Regional myocardial diastolic dysfunction has been recognized as a sensitive and characteristic sign of myocardial ischemia and infarction,train rate imaging(SRI)is a novel ultrasonic technique with good spatial and high temporal resolution,nd it can be used to quantitatively analyze regional myocardial function.OBJECTIVE:To investigate the characteristics of the longitudinal diastolic strain rate(SR)in ischemic and infarct myocardium by SRI,n order to explore the clinical value of SRI in evaluating regional left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease.DESIGN:A case-control study.SETTING:Department of Cardiology.Second Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University.PARTICIPANTS:All the participants were selected from outpatients and/or inpatients of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between October 2005 and April 2006.Twenty-one patients with myocardial infarction(MI group)and 11 patients with angina pectoris(AP group)were enrolled in the study.Twenty age-matched healthy subjects served as controls.METHODS:After performing conventional echocardiographic examination,olor tissue Doppler images from apical four-,three- and two-chamber views (posterior septum and lateral wall,nterior septum and posterior wall,nterior and inferior wall)were recorded on magneto-optical disk.Then SR curves were derived from the stored images off-line using QLAB 4.2software.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Ischemic segments in the AP group,nfarct segments in the MI group and normal segments in the control group were analyzed.The parameters measured included peak early diastolic SR (SRe)and peak late diastolic SR(SRa).RESULTS:Compared with the normal myocardium,oth SRe and SRa decreased significantly in the infarct and ischemic myocardium(all P<0.05).No significant differences were observed with respect to SRe and SRa between the infarct and ischemic myocardium(both P>0.05).CONCLUSION:SRI can be used to quantitatively analyze regional myocardial diastolic dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease,ut its value is limited in differentiating infarct from ischemic myocardium.

20.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 543-545, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381884

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical and electrophysiological features of one geneology with limbgirdle muscular dystrophy(LGMD). Methods Twenty-seven members of one family with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy(LGMD)were investigated.Fourteen of them were examined with electromyography(EMG)and their motor conduction velocities(MCV)and sensory conduction velocities(SCV)were measured.Among them,10 had no clinical manifestations,while 4 demonstrated symptoms and signs of LGMD. Results Three of the 4 patients had suffered from LGMD when young.They demonstrated the typical clinical features,including the progressive muscle weakness in the upper and lower extremities,positive Gower signs,duck gait,muscle atrophy distributed tO the proximal extremity,and no gastrocnemius hypertrophy.One subject presented atypical characteristics.The MCVs and SCVs of the 4 patients were normal,but neuropathic manifestations were found in the EMGS of 3 of them.and mixed neuropathic and myopathic manifestations were found in the EMG of the other.Conclusion LGMD patients in the same family can vary in their clinical characteristics.The longer the duration,the more severe the clinical features.Electrophysiological examination can reveal normal MCV and SCV but abnormal elctromyography.

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