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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 964-967, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941438

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To a evaluate the effectiveness of comprehensive nutrition interventions among primary school students in Yiwu City, so as to provide insights into malnutrition control among children.@*Methods@#Grade 3 to 5 students were sampled from four primary schools in Yiwu City using a random cluster sampling method and randomly assigned into the intervention group and the control group. Students in the intervention group received comprehensive interventions, including nutritional health education, promotion of physical activities, nutritional meal support and creation of a nutritional campus, while students in the control group were given no interventions. The awareness of nutritional health knowledge, dietary behaviors and nutritional status were compared in students between the two groups prior to interventions and one year following interventions, and the effectiveness of interventions was evaluated using generalized estimating equations.@*Results@#Totally 879 students were enrolled. There were 440 students in the intervention group, including 243 males and 197 females, with a male to female ratio of 1︰0.81 and a mean age of (10.47±0.99) years; and there were 439 students in the control group, including 244 males and 195 females, with a male to female ratio of 1︰0.80 and a mean age of (10.35±1.02) years. Following comprehensive interventions, the awareness of “type of food”, “seven nutriments from food”, “eating at least 12 types of food daily”, “less than 6 g of daily salt intake”, “food composition in nutritional breakfast”, “nutritional labels of pure milk”, “no less than 60 min of daily exercise duration” and “too fat or too thin may threaten health” and the increase in the proportion of 3 and more types of food in breakfast were significantly higher among students in the intervention group than in the control group (all P<0.05); however, there was no statistical difference in the proportion of normal nutrition between the two groups (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#The comprehensive nutritional interventions may effectively increase the awareness of nutrition health knowledge and improve dietary behaviors among primary school students.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 283-288, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867697

ABSTRACT

Skin injuries always disturb people's normal life, even seriously damage the body health. Thus, it is very necessary to use medical dressings to protect and treat skin wounds. Compared with traditional dressings, novel biological dressings develop more rapidly and their application scope is gradually expanding. Collagen is a natural biological material that can promote wound healing and it also has unique functional advantages in care and treatment. At present, collagen-based medical dressings has become one of the preferred choices to assist wound healing. The authors summarize the source, functional advantages and product classification of collagen-based dressings, and introduce the characteristics and applications of various collagen-based dressings, to provides a reference for further research of the collagen-based wound dressings.

3.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 55-62,77, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743292

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically explore the efficacy of four intervention regiments including desmopressin, alarm, desmopressin combined with alarm, and desmopressin combined with anticholinergic drugs in the treatment of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis in children by network meta-analysis. Methods The databases of PubMed, Cochrance Library, EMBase and Web of Science were systematically searched and retrieved upto August 1, 2017. Included were the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which had any two or more of four intervention regiments (desmopressin, alarm, desmopressin combined with alarm, and desmopressin combined with anticholinergic drugs) for treatment of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis in children. The literature was screened according to the established inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the data extraction and quality evaluation were performed for the final inclusion of RCT. Software R 3.3.2 and STATA 14.0 were used for data analysis. Results Fifteen RCTs were included with a total of 1505 children. Network meta-analysis showed that the complete response rate and success rate of desmopressin combined with anticholinergic drugs were higher than those of desmopressin (complete reaction rate: OR=2.8, 95% CI :1.5~5.4; success rate: OR=3.5, 95% CI :1.7~7.5) and alarm (complete response rate: OR=2.7, 95% CI :1.1~6.6; success rate: OR=3.8, 95% CI: 1.6~9.0. The success rate of desmopressin combined with alarm was higher than that of alarm (OR=1.9, 95%CI: 1.1~3.4) . The recurrence rate of alarm after treatment was significantly lower than that of desmopressin (OR=0.15, 95%CI: 0.03~0.53) . The ranking results showed that the complete response rate and success rate of desmopressin combined with anticholinergic drugs were the best. The desmopressin combined with alarm can minimize the number of bed-wetting episodes per week and the recurrence rate of alarm was the lowest among the four regiments. Conclusion The effect of desmopressin combined with anticholinergic drugs is significantly better than that of alarm or desmopressin alone. The combination of desmopressin and alarm has a slight advantage or similar effect to that of single alarm or desmopressin treatment. The effect of desmopressin is similar to that of alarm. Alarm treatment has the lowest recurrence rate.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813026

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of Naoshuming decoction on cerebral ischemic rats.
 Methods: The model of cerebral ischemia in rats was established via middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). The MCAO model rats were randomly divided into a model group (n=36), a Naoshuming decoction at high dose group (n=36), a Naoshuming decoction at middle dose group (n=36) and a Naoshuming decoction at low dose group (n=36). In addition, a normal group (n=12) and a sham operation group (n=12) were included. Rats in each group were killed on the 3rd, 7th, and 14th day to detect relevant indicators. The Ayelet Levy 14 method was used to score the neurological function. Immunohistochemical method was used to detect the protein expression of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB)/p50, NF-κB/p65, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and IL-1β. The quantitative real-time PCR were used to detect the mRNA expression of NF-κB, TNF-α and IL-1β. 
 Results: Compared with the sham group, at each time point, the inflammation indexes in the model group and different dose of Naoshuming decoction groups were significantly enhanced, and all of them showed neurological dysfunction. But the inflammatory indexes and neurological function scores would were gradually improved with the pass of time. Compared with the model group, the neurological dysfunction, the protein levels of NF-κB/p50, NF-κB/p65, TNF-α and IL-1β, and the mRNA of NF-κB, TNF-α and IL-1β in the high, middle and low dose of Naoshuming decoction groups were reduced at 3, 7 and 14 d, with statistical difference (all P<0.05 or P<0.01). 
 Conclusion: Naoshuming decoction can alleviate the cerebral ischemic injury in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Ischemia , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Inflammation , Interleukin-1beta , NF-kappa B , Rats , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
5.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 744-748, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696900

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationships of MR indexes such as acromio humeral intervals (AHI),lateral extension of the acromion (LEA) and inclination angle of the acromion with the subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS).Methods 151 patients underwent MRI examination of shoulder joints,they were grouped according to age,gender and location of acromion.The differences in age,gender and MR indexes were compared between SIS group and non SIS group.The distribution statuses of SIS in different groups were compared at the same time,the relationships of various MR indexes with SIS were investigated and analyzed.Results There were no statistical differences in age,location distribution,the average shortest AHI value and the thickness of the subacromial bursal effusion between SIS group and non SIS group (P > 0.05).There showed statistical difference in gender between the two groups (P =0.000),and there were more males than females in both groups.The acromion exactly covered the supraspinatus tendon in 79 patients,the average value of LEA in the SIS group was greater than that in the non SIS group,and there showed statistically significant difference between the two groups (P =0.002),the Youden index of LEA was 0.40,the sensitivity was 61% and the specificity was 79%.The inclination angle of the acromion in the SIS group was smaller than that in the non SIS group,and there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (P =0.019),the Youden index of the inclination angle of the acromion was 0.18,the sensitivity was 62% and the specificity was 56%.47 patients in the SIS group had subacromial bursal effusion,51 patients in the non SIS group had subacromial bursal effusion.The thickness of the subacromial bursal effusion in the SIS group was greater than the non SIS group,and there showed statistically significant difference between the two groups (P =0.002),the Youden index of the thickness of the subacromial bursal effusion was 0.34,the sensitivity was 78 % and the specificity was 56 %.Conclusion LEA,the inclination angle of the acromion and the thickness of the subacromial bursal effusion can be used as quantitative MR diagnostic criteria of SIS.The LEA measured by cardiothoracic ratio is simple and easy to use.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513068

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of Corylin on A375 cells melanin synthesis,and explore its mechanism.Methods The cells were randomly divided into the control group, the estradiol group, and corylin group including 10-3μmol/L, 10-2μmol/L, 10-1μmol/L, 1μmol/L, 10μmol/L, 100μmol/L. Estradiol estradiol intervention group were given 10-3 mol/L. Corylin group (10-3μmol/L, 10-2μmol/L, 10-1μmol/L, 1μmol/L, 10μmol/L,100μmol/L) were given 10-3μmol/L, 10-2μmol/L, 10-1μmol/L, 1μmol/L, 10μmol/L, 100μmol/L corylin intervention. The activity of proliferation were detected by MTT, NaOH method, dopa oxidation , both melanin content and tyrosinase activity (tyrosinase, TYR). TYR, yrosinase related protein (tyrosinase related protein, TRP)-1 and TRP-2 expression levels of mRNA were determined by RT-PCR.Results Compared with the control group, 10, 100μmol/L of Corylin group cell proliferation rate significantly decreased (P<0.01). The 1μmol/L, 10-1μmol/L, 10-2μmol/L of Corylin group cell melanin content, TYR significantly decreased (P<0.01 or P<0.05). The 1μmol/L corylin group TYR (0.303 ± 0.003vs. 0.628 ± 0.012), TRP-1 (0.313 ± 0.008 vs. 0.677 ± 0.022), TRP-2 (0.456 ± 0.028vs. 0.687 ± 0.020) mRNA expression level significantly decrease (P<0.01).Conclusions The results showed that Corylin could inhibit melanin synthesis, which worked probably through inhibiting the activity of TYR and cutting the mRNA expressions of TYR,TRP-1/2.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487880

ABSTRACT

ZnO nanoparticles ( ZnO NPs ) were obtained by a direct precipitation method. With the as-prepared ZnO NPs as seeds, Au/ZnO heterostructure was synthesized by seed-mediated growth method without any surfactant, and the diameters of ZnO NPs and Au NPs were about 50 nm and 10 nm, respectively. Then ionic liquids (ILs), trihexyltetradecylphosphonium bis (trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide ([P(C6)3C14] [ Tf2 N] ) , and functionalized graphene ( GN ) were prepared under room temperature. The ILs as bridges could connect Au/ZnO heterostructure to form a new kind of graphene nanocomposite, Au/ZnO/GN. Then the penicillinase and hematein were immobilized on Au/ZnO/GN. And the biosensors based on penicillinase-hematein-Au/ZnO/GN (PH-AZG) were used for detecting penicillin G. In PBS buffer solution (pH 7. 0), PH-AZG exhibited a detection range from 2 . 5 × 10-14 to 3 . 3 × 10-6 mol/L with a detection limit of 1 . 5 × 10-14 mol/L (S/N≥3). Five PH-AZG electrodes were prepared with the same conditions, and the RSDs for their current response were less than 3. 2%. Furthermore, the standard curves were linear in the range of 5× 10-14-5×10-7 mol/L for milk. The average recoveries were 99. 7%-101. 4% with RSDs of 2. 3%-3. 5%(n=5). The method is sensitive and repeatable, and can be applied to the field of residue analysis about penicillins G with low concentration levels.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476241

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:An ideal scaffold material needs appropriate degradation rate and certain mechanical properties, but the traditional colagen sponge scaffold has rapid degradation velocity and low mechanical strength, which is easy to colapse and difficult to maintain its natural form. Traditional cross-linking methods also have the problems of cytotoxicity or colagen denaturation, severely limiting the application of colagen. OBJECTIVE:To design a new cross-linking method for colagen and to optimize the self-assembly process so as to develop a colagen sponge scaffold with good mechanical properties and resistance to degradation. METHODS:Colagens were modified by self-assembly technology to prepare colagen fibrils which were then freeze-dried into fibrilar colagen sponges. Meanwhile, we optimized the conditions of self-assembly by using orthogonal experiment based on univariate analysis of the effect of initial colagen mass concentration, final phosphate concentration and pH value on the conversion yield of colagen self-assembly. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:We optimized the conditions of self-assembly revealed that the optimum conditions to prepare colagen fibrils were determined as pH=8.0, initial colagen concentration=2 mg/mL, and final concentration of phosphate=15 mmol/L. The results of scanning electron microscope showed that fibrilar colagen sponges were characterized by refined porous structure which was connected by colagen fibrils. In addition, the fibrilar colagen sponges showed better equilibrium-sweling ratio, water retaining property and mechanical strength compared with unmodified colagen spondages (P < 0.05), to solve the problems in rapid degradation.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476166

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Knee joint is the most complicated structure of human body, and X-ray is often used to reflect the stenosis of knee compartment. However, radiographs are two-dimensional projection of three-dimensional joint structure. Thus, different joint shooting locations can impact the outcomes of measurement, and it is difficult to ensure the accuracy of repeated measurements. OBJECTIVE:To build three-dimensional model of knee compartment, measure the distance and volume, and provide the basis for subsequent models, biomechanics and relevant clinical studies. METHODS:Based on the principle of reverse engineering, using CT images of the knee joint and the software of Mimics, three-dimensional model of medial compartment knee structure was reconstructed. After the model was imported and smoothed, the medial and lateral compartment volumes were finaly calculated by the software of Geomagic Studio. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Three-dimensional model of the knee compartment, including femur, tibia and fibula, was successfuly structured by CT images. The models of knee and knee compartment could be observed at any angle or observed individualy, and could be measured. It was discovered that the volume of medial and lateral compartments of knee is close, although the joint space width of them is different, which ilustrates that the procedure can accurately reflect the degree of knee joint space width in the round by calculating the volume of medial and lateral compartments of knee joint through computer.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446620

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:With unique structure and physicochemical property, carbon nanotubes have promising application prospects in the fields of drug delivery, biosensor and biomaterials. However, carbon nanotubes are highly hydrophobic and trend to aggregate, and thus carbon nanotubes are hard to be dispersed in solution. Furthermore, carbon nanotubes induce blood coagulation and have cytotoxicity, which greatly limit the application of carbon nanotubes. OBJECTIVE:To prepare heparinized single-wal ed carbon nanotubes and to study the effects of heparin-immobilization on the water solubility, stability as wel as biocompatibility of carbon nanotubes. METHODS:By the method of covalent grafting, heparinized single-wal ed carbon nanotubes was fabricated and characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and carbazole assay. Transmission electron microscopy was used to investigate the dispersing performance and suspension stability of heparinized single-wal ed carbon nanotubes in aqueous solution. Anti-Xa activity and activated partial thromboplastin time assays were used to measure the anticoagulation activity of heparinized single-wal ed carbon nanotubes. MTT assay was used to evaluate the cytocompatibility of heparinized single-wal ed carbon nanotubes. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Heparin was covalently linked to the surface of single-wal ed carbon nanotubes successful y. The amount of heparin on single-wal ed carbon nanotubes was measured to be 257.53 mg/g. Heparinized single-wal ed carbon nanotubes were wel dispersed and stable in an aqueous solution without aggregation. The anti-Xa activity of heparinized single-wal ed carbon nanotubes was measured to be 36.53 U/mg, suggesting a significant anticoagulant activity. Further study of activated partial thromboplastin time assay found that the anticoagulant effect of heparinized single-wal ed carbon nanotubes could be prolonged. MTT assay revealed that heparinized single-wal ed carbon nanotubes had no cytotoxicity and showed good cytocompatibility. Taken together, the immobilization of heparin on single-wal ed carbon nanotubes wil not only improve its solubility and stability in water, but also endow it with excellent biocompatibility.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312638

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficacy and adverse effect of DCF regimen with subsequent S-1 maintenance chemotherapy in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty AGC patients without disease progression after 4 to 6 cycles of DCF regimen as the first-line chemotherapy were randomized into maintenance group and control group (30 patients each). The patients in the maintenance group received maintenance chemotherapy with S-1 (40 mg/m(2), twice daily for 14 days; 21 days for a treatment cycle) until disease progression or with intolerant toxicity, and those in the control group received optimal supportive care.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The response rate (CR+PR) was 33.3% in the maintenance group, significantly higher than that in the control group (3.33%, P<0.05), and the disease control rate (CR+PR+SD) also differed significantly between the two groups (73.3% vs 46.7%, P<0.05). The median time to progression was 7.9 months in the maintenance group and 6.8 months in the control group, with median overall survival time of 13.8 and 11.7 months, respectively (P>0.05). The most common adverse effect in the maintenance group included nausea, vomiting, leucocytopenia, and hand-foot syndrome; no death occurred in relation to the therapy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>S-1 maintenance chemotherapy, with a tolerable toxicity profile, can improve the RR, DCR and median time to progression in AGC patients who respond to DCF regimen, but its efficacy still awaits further evaluation.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Humans , Maintenance Chemotherapy , Stomach Neoplasms , Drug Therapy
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 674-678, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279472

ABSTRACT

Heparinase II (Hep II) from Flavobacterium heparinum is an enzyme that could specifically cleave certain sequence of heparin and heparan sulfate. In this work, fermentation conditions of recombinant heparinase II (His-Hep II) producing bacteria were optimized, including initial induction time, inducer (IPTG) concentration, induction temperature and induction time. The optimum conditions were as follows: cultivating recombinant bacteria to exponential prophase under 37 degrees C, then adding IPTG to a final concentration of 0.3 g/L, finally cultivating recombinant bacteria under 20 degrees C for 10 h. The total crude enzyme activity reached 570 U/L. Based on these results, high cell density fermentation of recombinant bacteria was studied. The final OD600 could reach 98 and the total crude enzyme activity of His-Hep II increased to 9 436 U/L.


Subject(s)
Fermentation , Flavobacterium , Metabolism , Microbiological Techniques , Polysaccharide-Lyases , Recombinant Proteins
13.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 478-480, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437160

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the efficacy and safety of DCF and XELOX regimens in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer and to explore the appropriate chemotherapy regimen for advanced gastric cancer.Methods 63 patients with advanced gastric cancer were divided into two groups.Group A (31 patients) was administered with DCF regimen,with docetaxel 60-75 mg/m2 on day 1,5-fluorouracil 500 mg/m2 on day 1 to day 5,cisplatin 75 mg/m2 on day 1,a total cycle of 21 days.Group B (32 patients) was performed with XELOX regimen,with oxaliplatin 130 mg/m2 on day 1,capecitabine 100 mg/m2 twice a day on day 1 to day 14.Results 63 cases were eligible to analyze the efficacy and adverse reactions.The efficient rate (PR+CR) of group A and B were 58.1% and 62.5 %,respectively.The median survival time were 10.9 months and 11.5 months,but there were no significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05).The patients in both groups showed the similar tolerance of adverse reaction.Bone marrow suppression above level 3 in group A (16.1%) was higher than that in group B (9.3 %).Hair loss above level 2-3 in group A was higher (77.4 %).Hand-foot syndrome in group B (68.8 %) was higher than that in group A (9.6 %).Mild liver function damage in group B (37.5 %) was higher than that in group A (16.1%).Conclusion The DCF and XELOX schemes have the similar effect in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer with the tolerate side effect.

14.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 257-260, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436534

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the feasibility of the prefabrication of skin flap with frozen allogeneic bone.Methods From November 2010 to July 2011,fifteen miniature pigs were randomly divided into three groups(n =5) according to different implanted positions.Rewarming,deep-frozen allogenic bone was implanted in subcutaneous tissue,subfascial compartment and muscle respectively.Emission Computed Tomography (ECT) was used in the 4th week,the 8th week and the 12th week postoperatively.Angiography and pathological examination was used in the 12th week.Results The difference of the result of ECT was statistically significant betweent the 4th week and the 8th week (P < 0.05),and there was not statistically significant difference betweent the 12th week and the 8th week (P > 0.05).Angiography showed that all allogeneic bone was vascularized in each group.Pathological examination showed that the vascularization and the inducing osteogenesis of the allogeneic bone which was implanted in the subfascial compartment or muscle was better than that in the subcutaneous tissue.Conclusion The deep-frozen allogenic bone can be used for the prefabrication of the bone-skin flap.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749492

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a lentivirus vector of RNA interference (RNAi) of EGFL7 gene and observe its inhibitive role on the invasion of laryngeal cancer cell.@*METHOD@#The effective sequence of siRNA targeting EGFL7 gene was confirmed. Both sense and antisence Oligo DNA of the targeting sequence was designed, synthesized and cloned into the pLV vector,which contained H1 promotor and green fluorescent protein (GFP). The resulting lentivirus vector containing EGFL7 shRNA was called LV-sh EGFL7,and it is confirmed by PCR and sequencing. After that, EGFL7 shRNA was transfected into Hep-2 cells and Western blot was used to test the expression of EGFL7. At last, boyden chamber was used to observe the invasion of the Hep-2 cells. Colony formation assay using a EGFL7 gene silencing on the Hep-2 cell colony forming ability.@*RESULT@#PCR and DNA sequencing demonstrated that the lentivirus RNAi vector of EGFL7 (LV-sh EGFL7) producing EGFL7 shRNA was constructed successfully. The titer of concentrated virus was 5 x 10(8) TU/L. Western blot showed that the expression of EGFL7 was negative in the EGFL7 siRNA Hep-2 cells. And boyden chamber showed the invasive capability of Hep-2 cells transfected EGFL7 siRNA were obviously decreased. EGFL7 gene silencing of cell colony formation rate of cloned Hep-2 cells and compared with empty vector cells, cell cloning and colony formation was significantly reduced.@*CONCLUSION@#The lentivirus RNAi vector of EGFL7 was constructed successfully. And EGFL7 silence can inhibit invasion of laryngeal cancer in vitro. After silence EGFL7, Hep-2 cell colony formation was significantly lower, that is, gene expression can be down EGFL7 some extent laryngeal cancer cells inhibited anchorage independent growth capacity.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Endothelial Growth Factors , Genetics , Gene Expression , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Lentivirus , Genetics , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering , Transfection
16.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 23-24, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401882

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnostic value of electroneurophisology in patients with charcot-Ma-rie-Tooth disease(CMT).Methods Electromyogram(EMG),Motor nerve conduction velocity(MCV),Sensory nenre conduction velocity(SCV) and F wave were measured in 31 cases with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease(CMT).Resuits The abnormality rate of EMG was 90%,MCV was 100%,SCV was 90%,and F wave was 34%.Conclu-sion The electroneurophysiology is very practical and valuable in diagnosing Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.

17.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 23-24, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401738

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnostic value of electroneurophisology in patients with charcot-Ma-rie-Tooth disease(CMT).Methods Electromyogram(EMG),Motor nerve conduction velocity(MCV),Sensory nenre conduction velocity(SCV) and F wave were measured in 31 cases with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease(CMT).Resuits The abnormality rate of EMG was 90%,MCV was 100%,SCV was 90%,and F wave was 34%.Conclu-sion The electroneurophysiology is very practical and valuable in diagnosing Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-593916

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Macromolecules modified gold nanoparticles can be used in therapeutics, diagnostics, and other aspects, but most reports mainly focuses on the preparation of protein, DNA and small molecules of sugar modified gold nanoparticles, and the research on polysaccharide modified gold nanoparticles is superficial. OBJECTIVE: To prepare heparin-modified gold nanoparticles, studying their particle size and ultraviolet absorption spectra, and to determine the optimum reaction condition. DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: The comparative observation of the experiment was performed at the Biotechnology Pharmaceutical Laboratory of School of Chemical Engineering in Wuhan University of Technology from April 2007 to September 2008. MATERIALS: Gold nanoparticles were prepared and preserved at 4 ℃. METHODS: Heparin with an aldehyde group (HEP-CHO) as reducing end was prepared by nitrous acid degradation method. HEP-CHO was further reacted with dimethyl sulfoxide solution containing 0.05 mL and 0.5 mL glacial acetic acid to synthesize heparin with thiol-group (HEP-SH) through reductive amination reaction. Heparin was then orientated immobilized in four bottles of dimethyl sulfoxide solution containing 0.5 mL glacial acetic acid by adding the thiol-group of HEP-SH and sodium cyanoborohydride for 2, 4, 6, and 24 hours. The obtained products were added in gold nanoparticle solution, and the heparin was fixed on the surface of gold nanoparticles by Au-S bonds. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ① Maximum ultraviolet absorbance of gold nanoparticles before and after heparin modified; ② Average grain size of gold nanoparticles and heparin-modified gold nanoparticles. RESULTS: Gold nanoparticles with good particle size were prepared by using a rate of sodium citrate to chloroauric acid was 6:1 (mol/mol). The reductive amination reaction yield was higher when the more acetic acid was added to the solvent. The products were increased within 6 hours and 24 hours, but the difference was not significant. The average grain size and maximum ultraviolet absorbance of gold nanoparticles were 10 nm and 522 nm, and those of heparin-modified gold nanoparticles were 20 nm and 529 nm. CONCLUSION: Heparin-modified gold nanoparticles with good particle size are prepared, and the size can effect on the maximum ultraviolet absorbance. The optimum reaction condition for heparin immobilization is using a rate of dimethyl sulfoxide to acetic acid is 8:1 (mol/mol) as solvent of heparin, and the reaction time is 6 hours.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528610

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effective treatment for secretory otitis media. METHODS 63 patients (78 ears)with secretory otitis media were randomly devided into two groups: The experimental group :Thirty-one patients (38 ears) were treated by eustachian tube insertion under nasal endoscope. Drugs were injected repeatedly through the pipe. The control group: 32 patients (40 ears) were treated by traditional method: the tympanic cavity pressure equalization tube. All patients were followed up for 6-9 months, the effectiveness was compared.RESULTS The experimental group: 16 ears (42.1 %) were cured, 18 ears (47.4 %) were straightened up, The total efficiency rate was 89.5 %. The control group: 8 ears (20.0 %) were cured, 21 ears (52.5 %) were straightened up, The total efficiency rate was 72.5 %. There were significant difference between the two groups after treatment (P

20.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528531

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To prepare Luhuifangba burn cream and establish a method for its quality control.METHODS:The burn cream was prepared from freeze-dried powder of aloe barbadensis miller gel,borneol,hexadecanol,cosmolin,sodium dodecylsulfate,glycerol,ethylparaben and distilled water.Polysaccharide in the preparation was identified by paper chromatography,and borneol was identified by means of the color reaction between1%vanillin-sulfuric acid and bornyl alcohol and isoborneol.The content of polysaccharide in the cream was determined using anthrone-sulfuric acid method.RESULTS:The preparation was a cream in ivory white color,which spread easily and smelled slightly oily.Polysaccharide and borneol in aloe were able to be identified by the above-mentioned method.The linear range of polysaccharide was0.02~0.2mg/ml,and the average recovery was106.3%(RSD=2.5%).CONCLUSION:The preparation method is feasible,and the quality control method is simple,accurate,and reproducible.

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