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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863631

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of Taichi footwork assisted routine rehabilitation training on the influence of limb balance disorder in patients with hemiparesis after strokein the recovery period.Methods:A total of 60 patients with hemiparesis after stroke in our hospital from March 2017 to May 2018, who met the selection criteria, were divided into 2 groups by random number table method, 30 in each group. The conventional rehabilitation group took the conventional rehabilitation training method, and the Taichi footwork group took Taichi footwork training method based on conventional rehabilitation method. Both groups were treated for 4 weeks. The Berg Balance Scale (BBS) was used to evaluate the patient's balance ability, the Holden Walking Aability Classification (HWAC) was used to evaluate the lower limb walking ability, and the Fugl-Meyer Motor Function Rating Scale (FMS) was used to assess the limb function.Results:After the treatment, the BBS score (44.4 ± 7.9 vs. 38.7 ± 9.9, t=4.885), the HWAC grade (3.6 ± 1.0 grade vs. 2.7 ± 1.0 grade, t=5.152) and FMS score (12.3 ± 1.4 vs. 10.4 ± 1.4, t=4.785) of the Taichi footwork group were significantly higher than those of the conventional rehabilitation group ( Ps<0.01). Conclusions:Taichi footwork assisted conventional rehabilitation training can improve the walking ability of patients with hemiparesis after stroke in the recovery period, which helps the patientsregain limb function.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756462

ABSTRACT

Objective This study analyzed the expression of alpha-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (α-HBDH) in serum and explored its predicative value in the diagnosis of ovarian cancer (OC). Methods A retrospective study was conducted on 319 OC patients (OC group), 400 patients with benign lesions (benign group), and 400 healthy controls (normal group). These subjects were treated or received physical examination in Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University from January 2014 to August 2018. Each group was further stratified by menopausal status. The expression levels ofα-HBDH and carbohydrate antigen125 (CA125) and their associations with clinic-pathological characteristics of OC were evaluated, and their diagnostic efficacy in OC were explored. Wilcoxon Rank Test and Kruskal-Wallis H test were used for group comparison. Receiver operating curve(ROC) was plotted to evaluate the diagnostic capability of α-HBDH and CA125 in OC. Results The median of α-HBDH level was 134.0 U/L in OC group, 120.0 U/L in benign group, and 110.0 U/L in normal group. OC group was significantly different from other two groups (H=129.5, P<0.001). Serumα-HBDH was also correlated with the menopausal status, lymph node metastasis, and clinical stage of OC patients significantly(Z=-5.2, H=31.5,Z=-3.2,all P<0.001). In the ROC analysis in terms of OC risk, the area under curve (AUC) ofα-HBDH was lower than AUC of CA125 [premenopausal group (α-HBDH: AUC=0.685; CA125: AUC=0.796;menomenopausal group (α-HBDH:AUC=0.749;CA125:AUC=0.915)];and in the stage I of premenopausal group, α-HBDH performed similar to CA125, but with obviously higher sensitivity than CA125 (α-HBDH:AUC:=0.646, Se=79.41%, SP=41.61%;CA125:AUC=0.691, Se=58.82%, Sp=74.71%). Conclusions The expression level of serum α-HBDH level was increased in OC patients, and it was associated with menopausal stage, lymph node metastasis, and clinical stage of OC. In addition, α-HBDH showed higher sensitivity than CA125 in stage I premenopausal group, which was potentially beneficial for the diagnosis of stage I OC in premenopausal women.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807801

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect and security of minimally invasive surfactant therapy (MIST) in treatment of preterm infants with neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS).@*Methods@#A total of 48 pretrm infants with gestational ages between 30-36 weeks diagnosed with NRDS in Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center from January 2017 to January 2018 were randomly divided into MIST group (23 cases) and intubation-surfactant-extubation+ continuous positive airway pressure ventilation (INSURE) group (25 cases) by adopting random number table method.The patients in MIST group were put on nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) and a thin vascular catheter was inserted through the vocal cords under direct vision with direct laryngoscope then infused pulmonary surfactant(PS) into the lung; the patients in INSURE group were endotracheally intubated and infused with PS into the lung through endotracheal tube with positive airway pressure, then extubated and put on nCPAP again.The incidences of adverse reactions and various complications related to the 2 groups were observed.@*Results@#There were no significant differences between 2 groups in oxygen saturation decrease(26.1% vs.36.0%), bradycardia (13.0% vs.24.0%) and reuse PS (8.7% vs.4.0%) (all P>0.05). There were no significant differences between 2 groups in noninvasive ventilation time [8 d (5.5-12.5 d) vs.7 d(5.0-14.0 d)], total oxygen intake time [12 d(7.0-26.5 d) vs.10 d(10.0-23.0 d)] and length of hospital stay [(34.22±16.06) d vs.(30.88±14.35) d] (all P>0.05). There was no death or intraventricular hemorrhage in both groups, and there were no significant differences between 2 groups in the incidences of pneumothorax (0 vs.4.0%), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (21.7% vs.16.0%), retinopathy of prematurity (21.7% vs.12.0%) and necrotizing enterocolitis (21.7% vs.12.0%) (all P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#MIST technique is a safe and effective method to administrate surfactant in preterm infants with NRDS.In the NRDS patients who do not need intubation and mechanical ventilation, MIST technique can be used to administrate PS.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745852

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the difference of all-cause mortality between diabetic and non-diabetic transplant recipients.Methods This population cohort study included all primary kidneyonly transplant recipients with data integrity between Jan.2000 and May 2017,the deadline date of follow-up was May 2018,and median follow-up period was 5.9 (range 1.1 to 17.1) years.According to whether the recipients had diabetes,they were divided into type 2 diabetes group (DM group),and no diabetes group (non-DM group).The clinical data of the two groups including recipients and donors were collected.The all-cause mortality and difference in dead causes were analyzed.Results Mortality was higher in DM group than in non-DM group.Compared with non-DM group,the relative risk(RR) for all-cause mortality in DM group was 2.25 (95% CI:1.23-4.12).The cumulative survival rate in non-DM group was significantly higher than that in DM group(Log Rank P =0.035).The DM group aged younger than 40 years had the highest risk (RR 4.50),but there was no significant difference between the two groups at the age of ≥40 years.Compared with living donor and cadaveric donor renal transplantation,the relative mortality risk in DM group in DCD donor renal transplantation was highest (RR 2.68).The transplantation time did not change the multiple risk of death in both groups (adjusted RR 2.13).The first cause of death in two groups was infection (50% in DM group vs.53.3% in non-DM group).The difference was not statistically significant.Conclusion Kidney transplant recipients with type 2 diabetes had higher all-cause mortality than in those without diabetes.Compared with non-diabetic recipients,the age <40 years and receiving DCD for kidneys had a greater impact on the all-cause mortality of diabetic recipients.Infection was the leading cause of death in both groups.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 491-495, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256730

ABSTRACT

Two new compounds, named lyciumlignan D () and lyciumphenyl propanoid A (), along with seven known compounds, were isolated from the root bark of. Their structures were elucidated using spectroscopic data (UV, IR, HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR, CD), as well as by comparison with those of the literature. Compounds-were isolated from this genus for the first time. In theassay, compounds,, andexhibited stronger anti-inflammatory effects than the positive control curcumin at a concentration of 10 μmol/L.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618014

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the abnormal characteristics of electrocardiogram and its early diagnostic value in acute pulmonary embolism (PE) of different positions.Methods A total of 147 hospitalized patients of acute PE diagnosed by the pulmonary artery CT angiography (CTA) were enrolled in this study and divided into the following two groups:pulmonary trunk or main pulmonary artery (MPA) embolism (group A) and lobar artery or remote branch embolism (group B).ECG,D-dimer,BNP,cTnT were collected and determined,the varieties of abnormal ECG were counted.Then,the relationships between the severities of the PEs at different positions and the corresponding ECG abnormalities as well as the degree of right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) were analyzed.Results There were significant differences in dyspnea,syncope,in-hospital mortality and the level of cTnT,BNP between the two groups (P < 0.05).There were significant differences in the occurrence of SIQ Ⅲ T Ⅲ,right bundle branch block (RBBB),ST segment depression (STD) in leads Ⅲ and aVF,ST segment elevation (STE) in lead aVR,negative T waves (NTWs) in leads Ⅲ and aVF,STD in leads V1-V3/V6,and STE in leads V1-V3 in combination with STD in leads V4-V6 between the two groups (P < 0.05).The proportion of RVH diagnosed via ECG has significantly different between the two groups.The result of correlation analysis showed that the incidence of pulmonary trunk or MPA embolism was significantly related to the number of ECG abnormalities (r =0.782,t =-7.086,P < 0.05).Conclusions The number of abnormal ECGs increase and the RVH is more serious when PE occurring in pulmonary trunk as well as in the MPA,early recognition of electrocardiographic abnormalities is of greater value in the diagnosis of acute pulmonary trunk and MPA embolism.

7.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 209-212, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610424

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation between abdominal near-infrared spectroscopy monitoring and the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants.Method From September 2015 to June 2016,preterm infants admitted to the NICU of our hospital were enrolled in this study.Nearinfrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was used to monitor the tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) of lower right abdomen of the patients.These preterm infants were assigned into NEC group and non-NEC group depending on whether NEC was developed during hospitalization.The abdominal StO2 within the first week after birth were compared between the two groups.Result A total of 77 infants were enrolled in this study,18 preterm infants in the NEC group and 59 in the non-NEC group.The gestational age and birth weight of the patients in the NEC group were lower than the non-NEC group.The NEC gioup had significantly higher incidences of mechanical ventilation,vasoactive agent usage and comorbidity of infection than the non-NEC group (P <0.05).No significant differences in the proportion of gender,application of umbilical venous catheters and the incidence of patent ductus arteriosus between the two groups (P > 0.05).The abdominal StO2 of the NEC group was significantly lower than the non-NEC group (69.0% ± 5.8% vs 82.8% ± 6.7%,P <0.001).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lower abdominal StO2 is an independent risk factor for NEC (OR =0.676,95% CI 0.548 ~ 0.834,P < 0.001).Conclusion Abdominal NIRS monitoring may be helpful for the early diagnosis of NEC.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610256

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels and expressions of applipoprotein E (ApoE) in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients with different body-mass indexes (BMI),and to explore the diagnotic value of 11Pittsburgh comound-B (11C-PIB) combined with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) PET/CT imaging in AD.Methods:A total of 58 AD patients were divided into four groups according to their BMI:low BMI group(BMI <18.5 kg·m-2,n=18),normal BMI group(18.5 kg·m-2≤BMI <24.9 kg·m-2,n=13),high BMI group(24.9 kg·m-2≤BMI <29.9 kg·m-2,n=12)and obese group(BMI ≥29.9 kg·m-2,n=15).All the patients underwent PET/CT imaging (11C-PIB and 18F-FDG).The sensitivity,specificity and accuracy rate,the expression rates of ApoE (ε2,ε3,and ε4) and the levels of serum IL-6 were detected.The relationship between BMI and the expression rates of ApoE and the serum levels of IL-6 were analyzed by Spearman analysis.Results:The sensitivity,specificity,and accuracy rate of the patients in low BMI group diagnosed by 11C-PIB and 18F-FDG PET/CT were 87.5%,80.0%,and 84.6%,which were higher than those diagnosed by 11C-PIB (55.6%,50.0%,and 53.8%) or 18F-FDG (42.9%,50.0%,and 46.2%)alone (P<0.05).The serum levels of IL-6 and BMI of the AD patients had a negative correlation(r=-0.407,P=0.002).The expression rate of ApoE ε4 allelic gene(60.3%) of the AD patients was higher than those of ε2(18.9%) and ε3 allelic genes(20.7%),but there was no correlation between the BMI and the expression rates of different ApoE allelic genes of the AD patients(r=-0.028,P=0.833).Conclusion:11C-PIB and 18F-FDG PET/CT has a high diagnotic value in the AD patients.11C-PIB and 18F-FDG combinated with serum IL-6 level and BMI could diagnose and evaluate AD more exactly.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607209

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of the Mingmen eight array massage combined with compound lysine hydrochloride and zinc gluconate granules for the treatment of infantile diarrhea. Methods Totally 120 children with diarrhea met the inclusion criteria were divided into the treatment group, Western medicine group, and general massage group by random number table method, 40 cases in each group. All 3 groups were given dietary guidance and did moderate exercise. Western medicine group was administered orally for compound lysine hydrochloride and zinc gluconate granules, two bags per day for the aged 1–10, three bags per day for the aged >10. Treatment group was given the Mingmen eight array massage therapy based on Western medicine. General massage group received conventional massage therapy based on Western medicine, with four weeks as treatment course. 3 groups of patients were observed before and after treatment for salivary amylase, blood zinc value, urine D-xylose absorption and excretion test, TCM symptom score, and clinical efficacy were evaluated. Results There was statistical significance in the salivary amylase, blood zinc value, and urinary D-xylose absorption and excretion rate between before and after t reatment(P<0.05); after treatment, treatment group showed higher salivary amylase, blood zinc value, and urinary D- xylose absorption and excretion rate than the Western medicine group and general massage group (P<0.05); scores of diarrhea, loose stool, lassitude, lusterless complexion, and appetite reduction decreased compared with before treatment (P<0.05); after treatment, all integrals of treatment group were lower than Western medicine group and general massage group (P<0.05). The total effective rates of the treatment group, Western medicine group and general massage group were 92.50% (37/40), 72.50% (29/40), and 75% (30/40) respectively. There was statistical significance among the three groups (P<0.05). Conclusion Mingmen eight array massage combined with compound lysine hydrochloride and zinc gluconic granules can effectively alleviate the clinical symptoms of patients with infantile diarrhea, and improve the level of laboratory parameters.

10.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 871-875, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480961

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship among the plasma levels of fibrinogen and the lung cancer,and its clinical significance.Methods From 2011 to 2013,121 cases newly diagnosed lung cancer patients(lung cancer group) and 37 cases healthy individuals(control group) were evaluated.The patients had no history of coagulation system disorders or anticoagulant therapy.Plasma prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT), thrombin time (TT), fibrin original (FIB), platelet (PLT) of the patients were obtained.The relationship between the plasma levels of fibrinogen and clinical characteristics, therapy modalities (surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy), therapy outcomes and survival durations of the patients were analyzed.Results (1) Serum levels of fibrinogen at stage Ⅱ A, stage Ⅱ B, stage Ⅲ A, stage Ⅲ B, stage Ⅳ were (2.001±0.813) g/L, (2.191±0.827) g/L, (3.121 ±2.016) g/L, (4.174±0.595) g/L, (4.332 ± 1.534) g/L, a significant difference was observed between the fibrinogen levels of patients with stage Ⅱ A and those with stage Ⅳ disease (P<0.001), and there were no significant differences among other stages (P>0.05).(2)The mean fibrinogen level was significantly higher in the patient group with ECOG performance status 2 than in the other groups(r=0.613,P<0.05).The mean fibrinogen level was (3.780±1.731) g/L (95%CI,3.122-4.439,P<0.001) in the group with ECOG 0, (4.182 ± 1.661) g/L(95%CI 3.583-4.781 ,P<0.001) in the group with ECOG 1 ,and (4.725±2.153) g/L(95%CI,4.007-5.443,P<0.001) in the group with ECOG 2.(3) The treatment responses of 81 patients who received chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy without surgical intervention were evaluated, serum levels of fibrinogen in 39 patients with partial remission (PR) were (4.005 ±1.177) g,/L,42 patients with stable disease(SD) were (3.192±0.479) g/L, 17 patients with progressive disease(PD) were (7.530± 1.885) g/L,fibrinogen levels were found to be significantly higher in cases with progression,and the difference was significant(P =0.015).(4)Correlation analysis on fibrinogen and chnical indicator: clinical stage (r =0.529, P =0.008), ECOG score (r =0.273, P =0.031), therapy response (r =0.529, P=0.012) were positively correlated with fibrinogen levels.(5)Fibrinogen levels in patients with lung cancer were higher than those of the control group ((2.891 ± 0.484) g/L vs.(3.586± 1.692) g/L, t =-4.620, P <0.05), and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01).(6)The survival duration was significantly longer in patients with lower fibrinogen levels(321 d vs.435 d,P<0.05).The mean fibrinogen concentration in patients who were still alive at the end of a 2-year follow-up was (3.531 ± 1.482) g/L, whereas the meanfibrinogen level of patients who died was (3.725± 2.063) g/L, and the difference between the two groups was significant(P =0.015).Conclusion The results suggest that Fibrinogen plasma levels might be useful to predict the clinical outcome and survival of patients with lung cancer.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465492

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the change of serum procalcitonin(PCT) expression level and to investigate its clinical value for predicting the prognosis in the patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) .Methods Totallay 48 inpatients with SAP in our hos‐pital from April 2012 to April 2014 were retrospectively analyzed .The PCT levels during different hospitalization period in the sur‐vial group and the death group were detected and analyzed .The scores of acute physiological and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (A‐PACHE Ⅱ) were compared between these two groups .Results (1)The clinical characreristics of gender ,body temperature and WBC had no statistically significant differences beween the survival group and the death group (P>0 .05) ,but the PCT level had statistical differencet (P<0 .05) .(2)There was no statistically significant difference in the PCT level and APACHE Ⅱ score at ad‐mission between the two groups .In the later treatment process ,the PCT level and APACHE Ⅱ score in the survival group were progressively decreased ,while which in the death group were progressively inecreased (P<0 .05) .WT5HZ〗Conclusion PCT has an important clinical value in forcasting the prognosis of SAP .

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-672232

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the differences of the four estimating equations about MDRD,CKD-EPI eGFRcr,CKD-EPI eGFRcys,and eGFRcr-cysin evaluating the renal function of kidney transplant recipients,and explore the optimal equations to estimate the renal allograft function.Method Between January 2000 to March 2015,a total of 213 renal transplant recipients with data integrity were enrolled.eGFR was calculated using the equations:Modification of Diet in Renal Dis-ease [eGFR (MDRD),the creatinine-based equation (CKD-EPI eGFRcr),the CKD EPI cystatin C equation (CKD-EPI eGFRcys),and CKD EPI creatinine + cystatin C equation (CKD-EPI eGFRcr-cys) drafted by Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) in 2009 and 2012.We assessed the performance of these four eGFR equations by Pearson correlation analysis,Bland-Altman plot,and Cox regression analysis.Result The incidence of reduced kidney function was 49.3% using MDRD,43.7% using eGFRcr,49.8% using eGFRcys,and 52.1% using eGFRcr-cys,respectively.In recipients with eGFR ≥60 ml·min· 1.73 m2 estimated by MDRD,19.5% and 11% had eGFR <60 ml·min·1.73 m2 re-estimated by eGFRcys and eGFRcr-cys respectively.Serum cystatin C was significantly correlated with serum creatinine,MDRD,eGFRcr,eGFRcr-cys with the correlation coefficient being 0.67,0.61,0.65,and 0.77 respectively.Only the CKD staging based on eGFRcr,and eGFRcr-cys was positively related to renal graft loss risk.eGFRcr,and eGFRcr-cys could not be replaced each other,and only eGFRcr-cys showed strong correlation with the other three equations.Conclusion As compared with others,eGFR (CKD-EPI-Creat + CysC) is more precise in estimating GFR and evaluating the renal graft loss risk.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458827

ABSTRACT

Excision repair cross complementing group 1 (ERCC1) gene is an enzyme of the speed limit of DNA repair protein in nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathways.Researches suggest that ERCC1 has been associated with cisplatin resistance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients.Thus,ERCC1 gene is a new target in malignant tumor gene therapy research,providing a new approach for the treatment of malignant,especially NSCLC.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453614

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathologic features and prognosis of secretory carcinoma of the breast (SCB).Methods We enrolled 43 cases of secretory carcinoma of the breast out of invasive breast cancer patients according to the 2012 WHO Classification of Tumors of the Breast.Results The incidence of breast SCB was low,accounting for about 0.17% of all breast cancer patients.The median age of onset was 49 years old.The diameter of tumor was 1.0-10.0 cm(mean size 3.2 cm).Pathology revealed large number of eosinophilic secretory material inside or outside the cancer cells positive for periodic acid-Schiff stains (PAS) and Alcian blue (AB).The positive rate of estrogen receptor (ER) was 34.9% (15/43),progesterone receptor (PR) was 23.3% (10/43),human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) was 25.6% (11/43),S-100 was 97.7% (42/43),and special PAS and AB diastase were tested and positive in 8 cases.The postoperative average follow-up time was 78 months,7 cases were found with distant metastasis.2 cases dying of distant metastasis.Conclusions SCB has a good prognosis despite of occasionally axillary lymph node metastasis,local recurrence or distant metastasis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312624

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To examine whether the implementation of Macao Medical Voucher Program has helped promote the health outcomes of the residents in the case of mortality from circulatory system diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on 144 monthly observations of the mortality from circulatory system diseases in Macao during 2001-2012, we carried out a trend analysis of the time series to identify significant differences in the mortality data after the implementation of the Medical Voucher in Macao. This study was controlled for the compounding factors including medical resources (numbers of physicians, nurses and patient beds per thousand population and public healthcare expenditure), economic development level (GDP per capita), social human development level, population aging factor, natural seasonal effects and long-term trends.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>During 2010-2012 when the Medical Voucher Program in Macao was implemented, the annual mortality rates from circulatory system diseases were significantly lowered by 24% as compared with those recorded during 2001-2009 (P<0.01), which was equivalent to avoiding 123 deaths related of circulatory system diseases per year.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Evidence in this study suggests a robust connection between the timing of the implementation of Macao Medical Voucher Program and a significant decrease in the mortality from circulatory system diseases in Macao, but their causal relationship awaits confirmation in further research.</p>


Subject(s)
Aging , Cardiovascular Diseases , Mortality , Humans , Macau , Epidemiology , National Health Programs
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473353

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A new modification method for glass slides was developed and applied to make ThinPrep Pap smears,in order to increase the adhesion ability of cervical exfoliative cells.3-glycidyloxypropyl trimethoxysilane (GOPS) was coated on the glass slides firstly on the slides,then poly-L-lysine (PLL)was covalently modified onto the above epoxy-terminated slides to form GOPS-PLL double decorated slides.The modified slides were characterized using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM).The cell adhesion ability effect was tested and compared with traditional PLL coated slides by fixing the cervical exfoliative cells on the double adorned slides.The control test was conducted by the bare glass slides unmodified.The cell morphology of cervical exfoliative cells adhered on different slides was observed under the microscope after Papanicolaou staining.The number of cervical exfoliative cells on the unmodified slides,PLL coated slides and GOPS-PLL coated slides was 1030±300,3283±226 and 4119±280 (n=12),respectively.The data among the three different modification methods showed significant differences (one-way analysis of variance,ANOVA test,P< 0.05).The cell capturing effect of the GOPS-PLL slide was the best among the three different modified slides.In addition,the GOPS-PLL slide could enhance the uniformity of the adhered cells and be widely applied to the ThinPrep system for cervical carcinoma screening to increase the accuracy rate of diagnosis.

17.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 807-809,816, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-589961

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the expression and the clinical significance of Clusterin protein in invasive ductal breast cancer.MethodsThe expression of Clusterin protein in 70 cases of invasive ductal breast cancer,20 cases of breast hyperplasia,and 10 cases of adjacent normal breast tissue was examined with SP immunohistochemistry (IHC),and their correlation with some clinicopathological parameters were studied.ResultsClusterin expression was detected in 71.4%of breast cancer tissues,which was significantly higher than that in benign lesions (20.0 %) and adjacent normal tissues (0) (x2 =17.143,P < 0.05; x2 =19.048,P < 0.05).Clusterin expression in breast cancer was relevant to the histological grade (x2 =5.233,P < 0.05),lymph node metastasis (x2 =4.677,P < 0.05),and the progression in the clinical stage (x2 =4.667,P < 0.05),but irrelevant to the age (x2 =0.024,P > 0.05) and tumor size (x2 =0.406,P > 0.05).Clusterin expression was negatively correlated to the expression of ER and PR in breast cancer tissues (r =-0.362,P < 0.05 and r =-0.290,P < 0.05,respectively),but uncorrelated with C-erbB-2 expression(r =0.129,P > 0.05).Conclusion Clusterin overexpressed in breast cancer tissues suggests an important role of clusterin in invasive ductal breast cancer carcinogenesis and development through inhibition of cell apoptosis. It may become new clinical diagnosis marker for breast cancer and novel target for breast cancer therapy.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384765

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Matrix metallopmteinase 9(MMP-9) is one kind of matrix metalloproteinases and plays a role in the process of breast cancer metastasis. It can not only degrade the basement membrane and the extracellular matrix around tumor tissue but also promote angiogenesis, even create conditions for the growth of tumors, local invasion and distant metastasis. Current study shows that the over-expression of MMP-9 can significantly speed up the breast lymph node metastasis and the relevant research will provide guidance for clinical treatment and prognosis of breast cancer.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383537

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Objective To expore the mechanism of low-dose interfone-γ(IFN-γ) influences on differentiation of oligodendrocyte precursor cell. Methods The cerebral cortex samples were obtained from one day old SD rats to form mixed single cell suspensions. After culturing in full medium for 7 to 10 days, succession and differential velocity adherent technique were performed to acquire oligodendrocyte precursor cell and cultured in serum-free medium. IFN-γ, AG490 and Fludarabine were added during the culture of oligodendrocyte precursor cell and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, Western blot and flow cytometry were performed to evaluate the expression of intracellular P27kip1 and its influence on the differentiation of oligodendrocyte precursor cell. Results (1)The expression of P27kip1 mRNA and protein was lower in IFN-γ group than in control group (t=85. 535, P<0. 05;t= 12. 481, P<0. 05), while the expression of P27kip1 mRNA and protein in IFN-γ+AG490 group and IFN-γ+Fludarabine group were both higher than those in IFN-γ group (P<0. 05). (2) The phosphorylation levels of JAK2/STAT1 in INF-γ group were higher than that in the other three groups (P<0. 05). (3) The percentage of myelin basic protein positive cells was (68. 42 ± 2. 53)% in IFN-γ group, lower than that in control group [(88.21 ± 1.97)%](t=10.682, P < 0.05). Myelin basic protein positive cells in IFN-γ + AG490 group were (57. 63 ±2. 75) %, lower than those in the IFN-γ group. The same figure in IFN-γ+Fludarabine group were (79. 53±4. 15)% , higher than those in IFN-γ group (t = 3.957, P<0.05). Conclusions Low-dose IFN-γ can regulate the expression of intracellular P27kip1 through JAK2/STAT1 signal transduction pathway and Fludarabine may participate in this process and improve the differentiation and maturation of oligodendrocyte precursor cell.

20.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 168-170, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379702

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expression of Id1 and p53 in human breast cancer and study their relationship. Methods To choose 80 cases of breast cancer from the surgical department of Tangshan people's hospital. All patients didn't get radiotherapy and chemotherapy before surgery. The expression of Idl and p53 of breast cancer were studied by using SABC immunohistochemistry. Results The expressions of Id1 were found in cytoplasm, while the expression of p53 was found in cell nucleus. The positive rates of Id1 and p53 were 87.5 %(70/80)and 90.0%(72/80) respectively in breast cancer tissues. The expression of Id1 and p53 were significantly higher in breast cancer tissue than those in adjacent non-tumor breast tissues,benign tumor tissues and normal breast tissues(P <0.05). The positive rates and expression intensity of Id1 in breast cancer had significant correlation with lymph node metastasis and pTNM stage of the tumor, but had no significant correlation with age, histological differentiation and tumor size. The positive rates and expression intensity of p53 in breast cancer had significant correlation with lymph node metastasis of the tumor, but had no significant correlation with age, histological differentiation,tumor size and pTNM stage. Conclusion Expression of Id1 in human breast cancer is up-regulated. Its expression is associated with lymph node metastasis and TNM stage and represents an independent marker for prognosis of breast cancer. To reduce the expression of Id1 will become the strategy of curing breast cancer. Expression of Id1 and p53 in human breast cancer have the same clinic significance. Each of them can represent an independent marker for prognosis of breast cancer.

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