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1.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 552-558, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981575

ABSTRACT

The interventional therapy of vascular stent implantation is a popular treatment method for cardiovascular stenosis and blockage. However, traditional stent manufacturing methods such as laser cutting are complex and cannot easily manufacture complex structures such as bifurcated stents, while three-dimensional (3D) printing technology provides a new method for manufacturing stents with complex structure and personalized designs. In this paper, a cardiovascular stent was designed, and printed using selective laser melting technology and 316L stainless steel powder of 0-10 µm size. Electrolytic polishing was performed to improve the surface quality of the printed vascular stent, and the expansion behavior of the polished stent was assessed by balloon inflation. The results showed that the newly designed cardiovascular stent could be manufactured by 3D printing technology. Electrolytic polishing removed the attached powder and reduced the surface roughness Ra from 1.36 µm to 0.82 µm. The axial shortening rate of the polished bracket was 4.23% when the outside diameter was expanded from 2.42 mm to 3.63 mm under the pressure of the balloon, and the radial rebound rate was 2.48% after unloading. The radial force of polished stent was 8.32 N. The 3D printed vascular stent can remove the surface powder through electrolytic polishing to improve the surface quality, and show good dilatation performance and radial support performance, which provides a reference for the practical application of 3D printed vascular stent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stainless Steel , Powders , Cardiovascular System , Constriction, Pathologic
2.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 681-686, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995683

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of overexpression of polypyrimidine tract binding protein-associated splicing factor (PSF) on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) oxidative stress damage of human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (hRMEC) under high concentration of 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE).Methods:The logarithmic growth phase hRMEC cultured in vitro was divided into normal group, simple 4-HNE treatment group (simple 4-HNE group), empty plasmid combined with 4-HNE treatment group (Vec+4-HNE group), and PSF high expression combined with 4-HNE treatment group (PSF+4-HNE group). In 4-HNE group, Vec+4-HNE group, and PSF+4-HNE group cell culture medium, 10 μmol/L 4-HNE was added and stimulated for 12 hours. Subsequently, the Vec+4-HNE group and PSF+4-HNE group were transfected with transfection reagent liposome 2000 into pcDNA empty bodies and pcDNA-PSF eukaryotic expression plasmids, respectively, for 24 hours. Flow cytometry was used to detect the effects of 4-HNE and PSF on cell apoptosis. The effect of PSF overexpression on the expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in hRMEC was detected by 2', 7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein double Acetate probe. Western blot was used to detect ER oxide protein 1 (Ero-1), protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), C/EBP homologous transcription factor (CHOP), glucose regulatory protein (GRP) 78, protein kinase R-like ER kinase (PERK)/phosphorylated PERK (p-PERK), and Eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 2α/the relative expression levels of phosphorylated eIF (peIF) and activated transcription factor 4 (ATF4) proteins in hRMEC of normal group, 4-HNE group, Vec+4-HNE group, and PSF+4-HNE group. Single factor analysis of variance was performed for inter group comparison.Results:The apoptosis rates of the simple 4-HNE group, Vec+4-HNE group, and PSF+4-HNE group were (22.50±0.58)%, (26.93±0.55)%, and (11.70±0.17)%, respectively. The intracellular ROS expression levels were 0.23±0.03, 1.60±0.06, and 0.50±0.06, respectively. The difference in cell apoptosis rate among the three groups was statistically significant ( F=24.531, P<0.05). The expression level of ROS in the Vec+4-HNE group was significantly higher than that in the simple 4-HNE group and the PSF+4-HNE group, with a statistically significant difference ( F=37.274, P<0.05). The relative expression levels of ER Ero-1 and PDI proteins in the normal group, simple 4-HNE group, Vec+4-HNE group, and PSF+4-HNE group were 1.25±0.03, 0.45±0.03, 0.63±0.03, 1.13±0.09, and 1.00±0.10, 0.27±0.10, 0.31±0.05, and 0.80±0.06, respectively. The relative expression levels of CHOP and GRP78 proteins were 0.55±0.06, 1.13±0.09, 0.90±0.06, 0.48±0.04 and 0.48±0.04, 1.25±0.03, 1.03±0.09, 0.50±0.06, respectively. The relative expression levels of Ero-1 ( F=43.164), PDI ( F=36.643), CHOP ( F=42.855), and GRP78 ( F=45.275) proteins in four groups were compared, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Four groups of cells ER p-pERK/pERK ( F=35.755), peIF2 α/ The relative expression levels of eIF ( F=38.643) and ATF4 ( F=31.275) proteins were compared, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:PSF can inhibit cell apoptosis and ROS production induced by high concentration of 4-HNE, and its mechanism is closely related to restoring the homeostasis of ER and down-regulating the activation level of PERK/eIF2α/ATF4 pathway.

3.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 408-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995644

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of metformin (Met) on inflammatory bodies and focal death in human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (hRMEC) in diabetes mellitus (DM) microenvironment.Methods:Experimental research was divided into in vivo animal experiment and in vitro cell experiment. In vivo animal experiments: 9 healthy C57BL/6J male mice were randomly divided into DM group, normal control group, and DM+Met group, with 3 mice in each group. DM group and DM+Met group mice were induced by streptozotocin to establish DM model, and DM+Met group was given Met 400 mg/ (kg · d) intervention. Eight weeks after modeling, the expression of NLRP3, cleaved-membrane perforating protein D (GSDMD) and cleaved-Caspase-1 in the retina of mice in the normal control group, DM group and DM+Met group were observed by immunohistochemical staining. In vitro cell experiments: hRMEC was divided into conventional culture cell group (N group), advanced glycation end products (AGE) group, and AGE+Met group. Joining the AGE, AGE+Met groups cells were induced by 150 μg/ml of glycation end products, and 2.0 mmol/L Met was added to the AGE+Met group. Pyroptosis was detected by flow cytometry; 2' ,7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) fluorescent probe was used to detect the expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cells of each group. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot were used to detect the relative mRNA and protein expression levels of NLRP3, cleaved-GSDMD, cleaved-Caspase-1 in each group of cells. Single factor analysis of variance was used for comparison among the three groups.Results:In vivo animal experiments: compared with the DM group, the expression of NLRP3, cleaved-GSDMD, and cleaved-Caspase-1 in the retina of normal control group and DM+Met group mice was significantly reduced, with significant difference among the 3 groups ( F=43.478, 36.643, 24.464; P<0.01). In vitro cell experiment and flow cytometry showed that the pyroptosis rate of AGE group was significantly higher than that of N group and AGE+Met group ( F=32.598, P<0.01). The DCFH-DA detection results showed that the intracellular ROS levels in the N group and AGE+Met group were significantly lower than those in the AGE group, with the significant difference ( F=47.267, P<0.01). The mRNA ( F=51.563, 32.192, 44.473; P<0.01) and protein levels ( F=63.372, 54.463, 48.412; P<0.01) of NLRP3, cleaved-GSDMD, and cleaved-Caspase-1 in hRMEC of the AGE+Met group were significantly reduced compared to the N group. Conclusion:Met can down regulate the expression of NLRP3 inflammatory body related factors in hRMEC and inhibit pyroptosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 401-407, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995643

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of p21 activated kinase 4 (PAK4) on the mitochondrial function and biological behavior in retinal vascular endothelial cells.Methods:The experimental study was divided into two parts: in vivo animal experiment and in vitro cell experiment. In vivo animal experiments: 12 healthy C57BL/6J male mice were randomly divided into normal control group and diabetes group, with 6 mice in each group. Diabetes mice were induced by streptozotocin to establish diabetes model. Eight weeks after modeling, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blots were performed to detect the expression of PAK4 in diabetic retinas. In vitro cell experiments: the human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (hRMEC) were divided into three groups: conventional cultured cells group (N group), empty vector transfected (Vector group); pcDNA-PAK4 eukaryotic expression plasmid transfected group (PAK4 group). WB and qPCR were used to detect transfection efficiency, while scratching assay, cell scratch test was used to detect cell migration in hRMEC of each group. In vitro white blood cell adhesion experiment combined with 4 ', 6-diamino-2-phenylindole staining was used to detect the number of white blood cells adhering to hRMEC in each group. The Seahorse XFe96 cell energy metabolism analyzer measures intracellular mitochondrial basal respiration, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production, maximum respiration, and reserve respiration capacity. The t-test was used for comparison between the two groups. Single factor analysis of variance was used for comparison among the three groups. Results:In vivo animal experiments: compared with normal control group, the relative expression levels of PAK4 mRNA and protein in retina of diabetic mice were significantly increased, with statistical significance ( t=25.372, 22.419, 25.372; P<0.05). In vitro cell experiment: compared with the N group and Vector group, the PAK4 protein, mRNA relative expression and cell mobility in the hRMEC of PAK4 group were significantly increased, with statistical significance ( F=36.821, 38.692, 29.421; P<0.05). Flow cytometry showed that the adhesion number of leukocytes on hRMEC in PAK4 group was significantly increased, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=39.649, P<0.01). Mitochondrial pressure measurement results showed that the capacity of mitochondrial basic respiration, ATP production, maximum respiration and reserve respiration in hRMEC in PAK4 group was significantly decreased, with statistical significance ( F=27.472, 22.315, 31.147, 27.472; P<0.05). Conclusion:Over-expression of PAK4 impairs mitochondrial function and significantly promotes leukocyte adhesion and migration in retinal vascular endothelial cells.

5.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 324-329, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995632

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of high expression of polypyrimidine tract-binding protein-associated splicing factor (PSF) on low concentration of 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) induced human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (HRMECs), and explore the possible mechanism.Methods:The HRMECs cultured in vitro were divided into 4-HNE treated group, PSF overexpression group combined with 4-HNE group (PSF+4-HNE group), PSF overexpression+ML385 treatment combined with 4-HNE group (PSF+ML385+4-HNE group), and 4-HNE induced PSF overexpression group with LY294002 pretreatment (LY294002+4-HNE+PSF group). Cell culture medium containing 10 μmmol/L 4-HNE was added into 4-HNE treatment group, PSF+4-HNE group, PSF+ML385+4-HNE group for 12 hours to stimulate oxidative stress. 1.0 μg of pcDNA-PSF eukaryotic expression plasmid were transfected into PSF+4-HNE group and PSF+ML385+4-HNE group to achieve the overexpression of PSF. Also cells were pretreated with ML385 (5 μmol/L) for 48 hours in the PSF+ML385+4-HNE group, meanwhile within the LY294002+4-HNE+PSF group, after pretreatment with LY294002, cells were treated with plasmid transfection and 4-HNE induction. Transwell detects the migration ability of PSF to HRMECs. The effect of PSF on the lumen formation of HRMECs was detected by using Matrigel in vitro three-dimensional molding method. Flow cytometer was used to detect the effect of PSF overexpression on reactive oxygen (ROS) level in HRMECs. Protein immunoblotting was used to detect the relative expression of PSF, nuclear factor E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) protein, and phosphoserine threonine protein kinase (pAkt) protein. The comparison between the two groups was performed using a t-test. Results:The number of live cells, migrating cells, and intact lumen formation in the 4-HNE treatment group and the PSF+4-HNE group were 1.70±0.06, 0.80±0.13, 24.00±0.58, 10.00±0.67, and 725.00±5.77, 318.7±12.13, respectively. There were significant differences in the number of live cells, migrating cells, and intact lumen formation between the two groups ( t=12.311, 15.643, 17.346; P<0.001). The results of flow cytometry showed that the ROS levels in the 4-HNE treatment group, PSF+4-HNE group, and PSF+ML385+4-HNE group were 816.70±16.67, 416.70±15.44, and 783.30±17.41, respectively. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups ( t=16.311, 14.833, 18.442; P<0.001). Western blot analysis showed that the relative expression levels of pAkt, Nrf2, and HO-1 proteins in HRMECs in the 4-HNE treatment group, PSF+4-HNE group and LY294002+4-HNE+PSF group were 0.08±0.01, 0.57±0.04, 0.35±0.09, 0.17±0.03, 1.10±0.06, 0.08±0.11 and 0.80±0.14, 2.50±0.07, 0.50±0.05, respectively. Compared with the PSF+4-HNE group, the relative expression of pAkt, Nrf2, and HO-1 proteins in the LY294002+4-HNE+PSF group decreased significantly, with significant differences ( t=17.342, 16.813, 18.794; P<0.001). Conclusion:PSF upregulates the expression of HO-1 by activating the phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase/Akt pathway and inhibits cell proliferation, migration, and lumen formation induced by low concentrations of 4-HNE.

6.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1063-1067, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003811

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the epidemic intensity and characteristics of influenza in Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province from 2019 to 2023, and to provide scientific evidence for the formulation of influenza prevention and control strategies. MethodsThe surveillance data of influenza surveillance sentinel hospitals in Changzhou City from April 2019 to March 2023 were collected through the China influenza surveillance information system. Influenza-like illness (ILI) cases before and after the pandemic of COVID-19 in Changzhou City were analyzed, and the differences among qualitative data were compared by using χ² test. ResultsFrom April 2019 to March 2023 the percentages of ILI cases’ medical visits in the four-influenza surveillance year were 2.57%, 1.84%, 5.38%, and 3.66%, respectively, and the positive detection rates of influenza virus were 25.71%, 0.44%, 22.78%, and 24.32%, respectively. The number of influenza outbreaks was 61, 1, 23, and 128, respectively. ILI cases were mainly among adolescent children aged 5‒14 years. The percentage of ILI cases in 2020‒2021 after the pandemic of COVID-19 was significantly lower than that in 2019‒2020 (χ2=737.342, P<0.001), and the percentage of ILI cases in 2021‒2023 was higher than that in 2019‒2020. Influenza viruses in 2019‒2021 were dominated by type B Victoria, and influenza A virus was the dominant strain in positive influenza virus detections in 2022‒2023. The number of influenza outbreaks in 2021‒2023 was significantly lower than that in 2019‒2020 (χ2=185.662, P<0.001). ConclusionThe epidemiological characteristics of influenza are different in different stages of COVID-19 prevention and control during 2019‒2023. In the dynamic clearance phase of COVID-19, ILI case’s medical visits showed low-level fluctuations without obvious seasonal fluctuations, and influenza virus was dominated by type B. In the high-intensity phase of the pandemic, the level of ILI case’s medical visits has reached the peak of the calendar year, and the positive detection of influenza virus was dominated by type A H3N2. In the "Category B B control" phase, the level of ILI case’s medical visits increased after a rapid decline, and the positive detection of influenza virus was dominated by type A H1N1. It is necessary to further strengthen the monitoring of influenza cases, pay close attention to the changes in influenza strains, actively promote influenza vaccination for key population group, and promote health behavior changes for the whole population.

7.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 1013-1019, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995583

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of interferon gene stimulating protein (STING) inhibitor (C176) on human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (hRMEC) under oxidative stress.Methods:An animal experimental study. In vivo experiment: 48 healthy male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into wild type mice group (WT group) and diabetes (DM) group, with 24 mice in each group. DM mice were induced by streptozotocin to establish DM model. After successful modeling, DM group was divided into DM+dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) group and DM+C176 group, with 12 mice in each group. The mice in the DM+DMSO group were intraperitoneally injected with DMSO at the dose of 50 mg/kg. Mice in DM+C176 group were intraperitoneally injected with STING inhibitor C176 750 nmol at the dose of 50 mg/kg. Four weeks after modeling, immunohistochemical staining, Western blot and real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction were used to detect the expression of STING in the retina of WT and DM mice. The leukocyte adhesion test was used to detect the number of leukocytes adhering to hRMEC in mice with WT, DM+DMSO and DM+C176 groups. In vitro experiment: hRMEC was randomly divided into conventional culture cell group (N group), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) group (with DMSO intervention) and C176 group (with C176 intervention). The cells were induced by 150 μg/ml glycation end products for each group. In vitro leukocyte adhesion test combined with 4', 6-diamino-2-phenylindole staining was used to detect the number of leukocytes adhering to hRMEC. The adherent leukocytes were quantitatively analyzed by flow cytometry; H 2DCFDA/reactive oxygen species (ROS) fluorescence probe was used to detect ROS expression in cells; Seahorse XFe96 cell energy metabolism analyzer was used to measure the level of intracellular glycolysis. t-test was used to compare the two groups; single factor analysis of variance was used to compare the three groups. Results:In vivo experiment: compared with WT group, the expression level of STING ( t=73.248) and the relative expression amount of mRNA ( t=67.385) in the retina of DM group mice increased significantly ( P<0.05). Compared with WT group, the number of leukocytes adhering to the retinal vessels of mice in DM+DMSO group was significantly increased, while that in DM+C176 group was significantly decreased ( F=84.352, P<0.01). In vitro: compared with N group and DMSO group, the number of leukocyte adhesion on hRMEC in C176 group decreased significantly ( F=35.251, P<0.01). Compared with N group, the number of leukocytes adhering to hRMEC in DMSO group and C176 group decreased significantly ( F=26.374, P<0.01). The ROS level in hRMEC in C176 group was significantly lower than that in N group and C176 group ( F=41.362, P<0.01). Compared with N group and DMSO group, the glycolysis level of hRMEC in C176 group was significantly reduced, with a statistically significant difference ( F=68.741, P<0.01). Conclusion:Inhibiting the expression of STING in retinal vascular endothelial cells can improve the progress of DM by inhibiting leukocyte adhesion, ROS production and glycolysis level.

8.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 304-309, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934311

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) on the proliferation and migration of human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (hRMEC) under oxidative stress.Methods:The hRMEC cultured in vitro were divided into control group, 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) treatment group (4-HNE group), 4-HNE+BMP4 group (BMP4 group). Cell culture medium of 4-HNE treatment group was added with 10 μmmol/L 4-HNE; cell culture of BMP4 group was cultured with 10 μmmol/L 4-HNE, and after stimulation for 6 h, 100 ng/ml recombinant human BMP4 was added. The effects of 4-HNE and BMP4 on hRMEC viability was detected by thiazole blue colorimetric method. The effects of 4-HNE and BMP4 on cell migration was determined by cell scratch test. The relative expression of BMP4 mRNA in the cells of the control group and 4-HNE treatment group and the mRNA expression of the control group, the fibronectin (FN) of BMP4 group, laminin (Laminin), α-smooth muscle contractile protein (α-SMA), and collagen type Ⅰ (Collagen Ⅰ), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Western blot was used to detect the relative expression of BMP4 protein in the control group and 4-HNE group. The control group and 4-HNE group were compared by t test. Results:Compared with the control group, cell viability ( t=12.73, 16.26, P=0.000 2, <0.000 1), cell migration rate ( t=28.17, 37.48, P<0.000 1, <0.000 1) in 4-HNE group and BMP4 group were significantly increased, and the difference was statistically significant; the relative expression of BMP4 mRNA and protein in the 4-HNE group was significantly increased, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=16.36, 69.35, P=0.000 1, <0.000 1). The qRT-PCR test results showed that compared with the control group, the relative expression of VEGF, FN, Laminin, α-SMA, Collagen Ⅰ, and CTGF mRNA in the cells of the BMP4 group was significantly increased, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=10.61, 17.00, 14.85, 7.78, 12.02, 10.61, P=0.0004, <0.000 1, 0.000 1, 0.001 5, 0.000 1, 0.000 4). Conclusion:BMP4 can induce the proliferation and migration of hRMEC; it can also regulate the expression of angiogenesis factors and fibrosis-related factors in hRMEC.

9.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 225-234, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934298

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screening differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (DR) patients to provide new biological therapeutic targets for proliferative DR (PDR) therapy.Methods:A basic research. A total of 3 PDR patients (group PDR) and 3 non-diabetic patients (control group) were enrolled in the study in Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital in October 2020. In addition, 40 cases of PDR and non-diabetic patients were selected and divided into PDR validation group and control validation group. Peripheral blood validation test was performed in PDR validation group and control validation group; RNA sequencing was performed in PDR group and control group. Transcriptomics (RNAseq) sequencing technology was used to screen DEG in PDR group and control group. The selected DEGs were analyzed by gene ontology (GO) function enrichment analysis, signal pathway enrichment analysis of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and protein-protein interaction network (PPI). The gene expression database was used to find the high-throughput data related to PDR, and multi queue comparison analysis was carried out. The target genes of differentially expressed miRNAs were predicted through targetscan platform, so as to clearly screen the correlation between DEG and PDR. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot were used to verify the expression of DEG mRNA and protein related to PDR. The relative expression of PDR related DEG mRNA and protein between PDR validation group and control validation group were compared by paired t-test. Results:A total of 1 337 DEGs were screened by RNAseq sequencing in the peripheral blood of patients with PDR, of which 419 genes were up-regulated and 918 down-regulated. Among them, direct inhibitor of apoptosis protein-binding protein with low isoelectric point ( DIABLO), zinc finger and BTB domain containing 10 ( ZBTB10), polo-like kinases 3 ( PLK3), regulatory subunit 1 ( PIK3R1) and B cell translocation gene 3 (BTG3) were differentially expressed in PDR patients. The function of GO was enriched from the analysis of molecular function, biological process and cellular composition. The results showed that DIABLO, ZBTB10, PLK3, PIK3R1, BTG3 were involved in the pathological process related to PDR. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that glucose metabolic pathways such as extracellular matrix receptors, cytokine regulatory pathway, p53 signal pathway and galactose metabolism may be involved in the process of differential genes. The analysis of PPI protein interaction network showed that the larger the DEG-associated protein node, the greater the number of associated nodes. Among them, DIABLO, ZBTB10, PLK3, PIK3R1 and BTG3 played significant roles in the formation of the action network. By comparing and analyzing the existing high-throughput data related to diabetic retinopathy in Gene Expression Omnibus database and predicting by Targetscan platform, it was found that some significant differences in miRNA reported in aqueous humor, vitreous fluid and plasma of DR patients can be regulated by the differential genes found in this study. Compared with the control verification group, the relative expressions of DIABLO, ZBTB10, PLK3, PIK3R1 mRNA and protein in peripheral blood of the PDR verification group were up-regulated, and the relative expression of BTG3 mRNA and protein was down-regulated. Conclusion:DIABLO, ZBTB10, PLK3, PIK3R1 and BTG3 are DEGs in patients with PDR, and they can participate in the disease process by regulating the biological processes of cell proliferation, fibrosis and oxidative stress.

10.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 762-767, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958520

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the expression of miRNA in retinal tissue of mice with oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR), and screen miRNAs related to p21 and retinal neovascularization (RNV) formation.Methods:A experimental study. Forty healthy 7-day-old C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into normal group and OIR group, with 20 mice in each group. The oxygen induced RNV model was constructed in the OIR group, and no treatment was performed in the normal group. At the age of 17 days, the mice were killed and the RNV of mice was observed by retinal fluorescence; the nuclei of vascular endothelium that broke through the inner limiting membrane of retina were counted under light microscope. The retinal tissues were taken for miRNA chip analysis to detect the differentially expressed miRNAs between the normal group and the OIR group. The resulting differential miRNA target genes were subjected to enrichment analysis based on gene annotation (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG); miRNAs and pathways that may be related to p21 were screened through Targetscan, MiRanda and MicroT-CDs database alignment. Independent sample t-test was used for pairwise comparison between groups. Results:Compared with the normal group, the area of nonperfusion area, RNV and the number of vascular endothelial nuclei that broke through the inner limiting membrane of the retina in the OIR group increased significantly, differences were statistically significant ( t=18.800, 9.025; P<0.05). Compared with the normal group, there were 54 miRNAs that were statistically differentially expressed in the OIR group, of which 47 were up-regulated and 7 were down-regulated. A total of 13 miRNAs related to p21 were screened from the alignment results of the three databases with the obtained differential miRNAs. According to the difference multiples, they were miR-7218-5p, miR-322-5p, miR-224-5p, miR-335-5p, miR-329-3p, miR-362-3p, miR-532-5p, miR-20b-5p, miR-20a-5p, miR-195a-5p, miR-423-5p, miR-497a-5p, and miR-129-5p. Differential miRNA target gene enrichment analysis yielded 1 112 go entries and 50 KEGG pathways, of which 50 go entries and 13 KEGG pathways were related to p21. Conclusion:13 miRNAs related to p21 were screened out in the OIR model.

11.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 762-767, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958510

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the expression of miRNA in retinal tissue of mice with oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR), and screen miRNAs related to p21 and retinal neovascularization (RNV) formation.Methods:A experimental study. Forty healthy 7-day-old C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into normal group and OIR group, with 20 mice in each group. The oxygen induced RNV model was constructed in the OIR group, and no treatment was performed in the normal group. At the age of 17 days, the mice were killed and the RNV of mice was observed by retinal fluorescence; the nuclei of vascular endothelium that broke through the inner limiting membrane of retina were counted under light microscope. The retinal tissues were taken for miRNA chip analysis to detect the differentially expressed miRNAs between the normal group and the OIR group. The resulting differential miRNA target genes were subjected to enrichment analysis based on gene annotation (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG); miRNAs and pathways that may be related to p21 were screened through Targetscan, MiRanda and MicroT-CDs database alignment. Independent sample t-test was used for pairwise comparison between groups. Results:Compared with the normal group, the area of nonperfusion area, RNV and the number of vascular endothelial nuclei that broke through the inner limiting membrane of the retina in the OIR group increased significantly, differences were statistically significant ( t=18.800, 9.025; P<0.05). Compared with the normal group, there were 54 miRNAs that were statistically differentially expressed in the OIR group, of which 47 were up-regulated and 7 were down-regulated. A total of 13 miRNAs related to p21 were screened from the alignment results of the three databases with the obtained differential miRNAs. According to the difference multiples, they were miR-7218-5p, miR-322-5p, miR-224-5p, miR-335-5p, miR-329-3p, miR-362-3p, miR-532-5p, miR-20b-5p, miR-20a-5p, miR-195a-5p, miR-423-5p, miR-497a-5p, and miR-129-5p. Differential miRNA target gene enrichment analysis yielded 1 112 go entries and 50 KEGG pathways, of which 50 go entries and 13 KEGG pathways were related to p21. Conclusion:13 miRNAs related to p21 were screened out in the OIR model.

12.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2222-2226, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697325

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of "health education mobile classroom " in the outpatient department of children's hospital, and to analyze the needs of the outpatient and family members on health education. Methods Through the retrospective analysis of the information of the outpatient and emergency patients in the children's specialist hospital to determine the content, the venue and the time period of the "health education mobile classroom". Selection and training the health educator to implement the health education. At the same time, push the training content through the mobile APP to the patient's family, to expand the education audience. To compare and analyze the patient satisfaction of the hospital and the satisfaction with the dimensions of the project. In the evaluation of the effect of health education and the influencing factors, the relationship between income, occupation and children is positively related, and age is negatively related to it. Results After the implement of this project, the satisfaction of the patient had increased for 3.65%(P=0.001). Overall assessment of the audience was very satisfied with (3.94 ± 0.25) points. In each dimension analysis, the satisfaction of the "training method"was the highest, at (3.94 ± 0.26) points. Satisfied with the attitude of the trainers and comprehensive ability were more than 3.80 points. Conclusions The "health education mobile classroom" can improve patient satisfaction in the outpatient department and emergency of children's specialist hospital. Audience has a certain degree of acceptance and satisfaction with this health education mode.

13.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1222-1225, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666165

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on cell apoptosis during spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion(I∕R)in rats. Methods Forty-eight adult male Wister rats, weighing 200-260 g, were divided into 4 groups(n=12 each)using a random number table: sham operation group (Sham group), I∕R group, prophylactic dexmedetomidine use group(DPro group)and dexmedetomidine postconditioning group(DPost group). The model of spinal cord I∕R was established by temporary occlu-sion of the abdominal aorta using the modified Zivin′s method. Dexmedetomidine 5 μg·kg-1·h-1was in-travenously infused at 1 h before occlusion of the abdominal aorta in group DPro. Dexmedetomidine 5 μg·kg-1·h-1was intravenously infused for 1 h starting from the time point immediately after beginning of reperfusion in group DPost. The equal volume of normal saline was given instead in Sham and I∕R groups. The motor nerve function of the hindlimb was assessed and scored at 4, 12 and 24 h of reperfusion. The rats were sacrificed at 24 h of reperfusion, and L2-5segments of the spinal cords were removed for microscopic examination and for determination of Bcl-2 and Bax positive cells(by immuno-histochemistry)and cell ap-optosis(by flow cytometry). The apoptosis rate was calculated. Results Compared with group Sham, motor nerve function scores were significantly decreased at 4-12 h of reperfusion, and the apoptosis rate of nerve cells and Bcl-2 and Bax positive cells were increased in group I∕R, and motor nerve function scores were significantly decreased at 4 h of reperfusion, and the apoptosis rate of nerve cells and Bcl-2 and Bax positive cells were increased in DPro and DPost groups(P<005 or 001). Motor nerve function scores were significantly higher, and the apoptosis rate of nerve cells was lower, Bcl-2 positive cells were higher, and Bcl-2 and Bax positive cells were lower in DPro and DPost groups than in group I∕R(P<005 or 001). Conclusion The mechanism by which dexmedetomidine reduces spinal cord I∕R injury is related to inhibiting cell apoptosis in rats.

14.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 436-438,后插1, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617984

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of CXCR4 and CXCL12 in the labial gland of patients with primary Sj?gren's syndrome (pSS), and to explore their role in the pathogenesis of pSS. Methods The expression of CXCR4 and CXCL12 in labial gland tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry in 32 cases of newly diagnosed pSS and 30 cases of oral mucosa cysts or trauma patients. The expression level, intensity and location were analyzed and compared statistically. χ2 test and Spearman correlation analysis were used for statistical analysis. Results The positive rate of CXCR4 in the test group was 91%(n=29), which was significantly higher than that in the control group (33%, n=10, χ2=21.77, P=0.001). The positive rate of CXCL12 in the test group was 97%(n=31), which was significantly higher than that in the control group 40%(n=12), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=23.57, P=0.001). Conclusion CXCR4 and CXCL12 are highly expressed in labial gland of pSS patients, this suggests that they participate in the pathological process of pSS local inflammatory response and play an important role in pSS pathogenesis.

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Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 26-28, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491374

ABSTRACT

There are several main topics in acute myelogenous leukemia at the 57th American Society of Hematology annual meeting, including the optimization about induction and consolidation chemotherapy for AML, the investigation of targeted drugs in AML first line therapy, the marker for AML MRD monitoring, the differentiation drugs, such as tamibarotene in APL, the definition about refractory AML, the induction therapy for blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN). This article reviewed the research progress of AML in the 57th ASH annual meeting.

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Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 505-510, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429080

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanism of protective effects of 17-β estradiol on the experimental model of spinal cord injury (SCI) rats.Methods First,the primary astrocytes were cultured and identified.When the third generation astrocytes were cultured,they were induced by H202 whose concentrations were established by the method of 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT).The cells were randomly divided into five groups:control group; the group of treatment with 400 μmol/L H2O2 for 24 hours; the group of treatment with 20 nmol/L estrogen for 2 hours prior to exposure to 400 μmol/L H2O2 for 24 hours; the group of treatment with 20 nmol/L estrogen for 26 hours and the group of treatment with dimethyl sulfoxide for 26 hours.The proteins which were extracted from these cells after treatments with H2O2 for 24 hours were detected by Western blotting.Results The absorbances of the astrocytes of treatments with H2O2 were reduced( q' =-11.45,P =0.001 ).But exposure to estrogen prior to exposure to H2O2 provided partial restoration of the absorbances (q' =7.025,P =0.0025 ).The absorbances of the astrocytes among different groups showed significant differences( F =69.69,P =0.0025 ).The results suggested that estrogen might increase the cell viability in astrocytes.Compared with the group of treatment cells with H2O2,treatment cells with 17-β estradiol prior to H2O2 exposure down-regulated the expressions of both phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 ( PTEN ) ( F =290.003,P =0.001 ) and caspase-3 ( F =46.158,P =0.023 ).And,17-β estradiol treatment of cells increased the levels of p-Akt ( F =49.173,P =0.033 ) and Bcl-2 ( F =115.916,P =0.001 ) when compared with the group of treatment astrocytes with H2O2.Conclusion These findings suggest that the attenuation of PTEN expression mediated by estrogen is associated with an increase in phosphorylation/activation of the Akt and the Bel-2 expressions.These results suggest that the protective effects of 17-β estradiol on the experimental model of SCI rats may depend on the estrogen protection to the astrocytes which may be mediated by decreasing the PTEN expression.

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Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 96-101, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413843

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the drug resistance,source and molecular epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphyloccus aureus(MRSA)causing nosocomial infection. Methods Fifty-seven pathogenic MRSA strains were isolated from Beijing Tongren Hospital during 2007 and 2008.K-B method,MIC assay,multiple PCR,automatic repetitive element sequence-based PCR(REP-PCR)typing platform and DL MRSA Library were used to identify the resistant phenotypes,Panton-Valentine leukocidin gene (pvl)and REP-PCR types of the MRSA.Results All strains were classified as 6 antibiotic resistant phenotypes(a-f)based on the resistance to rifampin,clindamycin,levofloxacin and cotrimoxazole.The MRSAs with Staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec(SCCmec)Ⅲ and SCCmec Ⅱ accounted for 91.23% (52/57)and 5.26%(3/57)of all strains,respectively.Only one strain was pvl positive.All strains were typed as REP-A-F(6 types)and three single clones by automatic REP-PCR typing platform,in which REP-C was predominant(30/57,52.63%).Three out of 6 REP-D strains were from laryngology wards.The REP-C-SCCmec Ⅲ were genetically most close to the Brazilian clone-SCCmec Ⅲ in DL MRSA Library.Conclusion s REP-C-SCCmec Ⅲ-a type are the major epidemic hospital-associated MRSA and the REP-D-SCCmec Ⅲ-d is usually isolated from patients received laryngeal surgery. Automatic REP-PCR typingplatform combined with DL MRSA Library database is an effective approach to study the nosocomial infection.

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Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 548-549, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969366

ABSTRACT

@#Post stroke depression (PSD) is a common complication after senile cerebrovascular diseases. It influences both physical and mental health of the elderly severely. So, the attention should be paid to not only the medical cares but also the function and mental rehabilitation, in order to improve the qualities of PSD patients' lives and decrease the death rate.

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